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Title [en]
Spaces of Expectation: Mental Mapping and Historical Imagination in the Baltic Sea and Mediterranean Region
Abstract [en]
The Baltic and the Mediterranean are focal areas of regional imagination that have been affected by the ‘new geography’ after the end of the Cold War. The project Spaces of Expectation analyses the meaning attached to the Baltic and the Mediterranean in selected case studies, investigates the mental maps correlated to historical representation, compares the imagination of the two regions, and studies their entanglement. The aim is an improved understanding of how historical trajectories have been attached to two maritime areas that are critical to European integration. The project examines how sea-related historico-spatial ideas serve the creation, maintenance, and deconstruction of collective identities and cohesion in two macro-regional settings. It aims at assessing the historical potential or telos that is ascribed to the Baltic Sea and the Mediterranean areas today and also at contributing to a genealogy of regional imagination in these areas. Asking for the use of history in regional narratives in a diachronic, comparative, and transregional perspective, the project seeks to generate new knowledge about the Baltic Sea and the Mediterranean as imagined stages for the unfolding of history. The project’s work programme is structured around three related methodological and theoretical complexes – area studies, mental mapping, and conceptual history. While area studies are characterised by a problematic epistemology, history, and field contingency this need not be a liability, but is something we will turn into a matter of research and try to advance into an opportunity for innovation. The project aims at self-reflective studies with cross-regional comparative, transregional, and global perspectives. It takes the ‘spatial turn’ serious as more than merely a fashion label. It does so by engaging in a transdisciplinary review of concepts and approaches. In particular, the project links its historiographical and political science studies to earlier psychological and geographical mental mapping approaches by asking which elements of these can be used and elaborated. Moreover, while acknowledging analytical categories of conceptual history such as ‘spaces of experience’ and ‘horizons of expectation’, we probe and understand literally a hybrid third concept, ‘space of expectation’, thereby acquiring a new receptor hat links conceptual history to area studies and mental mapping approaches.
Publications (10 of 12) Show all publications
Götz, N. & Holmén, J. (2018). Introduction to the theme issue: “Mental maps: geographical and historical perspectives”. Journal of Cultural Geography, 25(2), 157-161
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction to the theme issue: “Mental maps: geographical and historical perspectives”
2018 (English)In: Journal of Cultural Geography, ISSN 0887-3631, E-ISSN 1940-6320, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 157-161Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
National Category
History Human Geography
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34695 (URN)10.1080/08873631.2018.1426953 (DOI)000437497700001 ()2-s2.0-85042123669 (Scopus ID)660/42/2013 (Local ID)660/42/2013 (Archive number)660/42/2013 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 41/13
Available from: 2018-03-02 Created: 2018-03-02 Last updated: 2020-03-11Bibliographically approved
Götz, N. & Holmén, J. (Eds.). (2018). Mental Maps: Geographical and Historical Perspectives. Abingdon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mental Maps: Geographical and Historical Perspectives
2018 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

‘Mental map’ is a term referring to the way people orientate themselves in their spatial surroundings and how they perceive the world. Alongside ‘cognitive map’, its approximate synonym, the concept of a mental map is established in geography, the behavioral sciences, and psychology. Over the past two decades the idea of mental maps has been adopted by historians in analyzing the construction and dissolution of historical regions, the world views of political elites, and patterns of dominance and subalternity. Despite the resonance the concept of mental maps has had in several disciplines, an international multi-disciplinary conversation on mental maps with an emphasis on cultural patterns is still in its earliest stages. The present special journal issue addresses this situation by bringing together scholars from the fields of history, geography, economics, anthropology, and linguistics, and by using a variety of quantitative and qualitative research methods. The idea of this themed issue emerged at a workshop entitled “Mental Mapping – Historical and Social Science Perspectives”, held 12–13 November 2015 at the Institute of Contemporary History, Södertörn University, and the Italian Cultural Institute “C.M. Lerici” in Stockholm. The workshop was arranged by the research project Spaces of Expectation: Mental Mapping and Historical Imagination in the Baltic Sea and Mediterranean Region, a joint venture between Södertörn University and Ca’ Foscari University in Venice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2018. p. 157-285
Series
Journal of Cultural Geography, ISSN 0887-3631 ; vol. 35(2)
Keywords
Mental Mapping, Cognitive Maps, History, Geography
National Category
History Human Geography
Research subject
Historical Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34849 (URN)660/42/2013 (Local ID)660/42/2013 (Archive number)660/42/2013 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 41/2013
Note

Guest editors for Journal of Cultural Geography,  vol. 35(2).

Available from: 2018-04-15 Created: 2018-04-15 Last updated: 2020-03-11Bibliographically approved
Holmén, J. (2017). Changing mental maps of the Baltic Sea and Mediterranean regions. Journal of Cultural Geography, 35(2), 230-250
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Changing mental maps of the Baltic Sea and Mediterranean regions
2017 (English)In: Journal of Cultural Geography, ISSN 0887-3631, E-ISSN 1940-6320, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 230-250Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Little empirical research has considered the way in which macro-regions are perceived outside academic and political circles. Such studies alone can determine what regional narratives mean for the wider public, and the extent to which they coincide with region-building images produced by elites. This article examines the mental maps of high school seniors in 10 cities in the Baltic Sea and Mediterranean regions, focusing upon their perception and knowledge of other countries in those areas. Despite efforts at region building since the Cold War, the two regions remain divided on mental maps. Students have little knowledge of countries across the sea from their own, although such knowledge is generally greater among those from coastal (and particularly island) locations. A comparison with maps constructed by Gould in 1966 reveals that the perception of countries within one's own region among Italian and Swedish students has become more negative over the last 50 years.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2017
Keywords
circum-maritime regions, geographic perception, Macro-regions, mental maps, region-building, spatial information
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33838 (URN)10.1080/08873631.2017.1401405 (DOI)000437497700005 ()2-s2.0-85034668164 (Scopus ID)660/42/2013 (Local ID)660/42/2013 (Archive number)660/42/2013 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 41/2013
Available from: 2017-12-08 Created: 2017-12-08 Last updated: 2020-03-11Bibliographically approved
Holmén, J. (2017). Mapping Historical Consciousness: Mental Maps of Time and Space among Secondary School Students from Ten Locations around the Baltic and Mediterranean Seas. Journal of Autonomy and Security Studies, 1(1), 46-75
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mapping Historical Consciousness: Mental Maps of Time and Space among Secondary School Students from Ten Locations around the Baltic and Mediterranean Seas
2017 (English)In: Journal of Autonomy and Security Studies, ISSN 2489-4265, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 46-75Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article investigates the temporal and spatial structure of historical consciousness among secondary school students from ten locations around the Baltic and Mediterranean seas. It examines what eras and spaces in history that are important to the students, and discusses how the mental maps of individuals at a certain location are affected by geopolitics and interpretations of historical experiences.

The results are mainly based upon one open survey question: Write down the name of as many important historical figures as possible within five minutes. Psychological theories of memory are used in order to explain how such simple memory retrieval can be used in studies of historical consciousness. The data from the survey is presented in the form of maps, using techniques of mental mapping developed by geographers,

The empirical investigation reveals three categories of historical consciousness: national, found in Italy and Morocco, Americanized, found in Sweden, and multipolar, found in Estonia and on Åland and Malta. The article argues that each of the three strands of historical consciousness is linked to specific historical and geopolitical circumstances.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mariehamn: Ålands fredsinstitut, 2017
Keywords
Mental Maps, Historical Consciousness, Sweden, Estonia, Åland, Morocco, Italy, Malta, Survey, Secondary Schools
National Category
History Human Geography Educational Sciences
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-40370 (URN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 41/2013
Available from: 2020-03-12 Created: 2020-03-12 Last updated: 2020-03-12Bibliographically approved
Kurunmäki, J. (2016). Challenges of Transnational Regional Democracy: Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference, 1991-2015. Comparativ. Zeitschrift für Globalgeschichte und vergleichende Gesellschaftsforschung, 26(5), 43-57
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges of Transnational Regional Democracy: Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference, 1991-2015
2016 (English)In: Comparativ. Zeitschrift für Globalgeschichte und vergleichende Gesellschaftsforschung, ISSN 0940-3566, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 43-57Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag, 2016
Keywords
transnational democracy, region-building
National Category
Political Science Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33539 (URN)660/42/2013 (Local ID)660/42/2013 (Archive number)660/42/2013 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 41/2013
Note

Petri, Rolf (ed.). The Baltic Sea: A Space of Changing Expectations. – Leipzig: Leipziger Univ.-Verl., 2016 (Comparativ; Jg. 26, H. 5) ISBN 978-3-96023-111-0

Available from: 2017-10-03 Created: 2017-10-03 Last updated: 2020-03-11Bibliographically approved
Götz, N. (2016). Mapping the oeuvre of Larry Wolff. In: Mental Mapping and Eastern Europe: (pp. 5-10). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mapping the oeuvre of Larry Wolff
2016 (English)In: Mental Mapping and Eastern Europe, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016, p. 5-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016
Series
Södertörn Lectures, ISSN 1654-9082 ; 12
National Category
History
Research subject
Historical Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31378 (URN)660/42/2013 (Local ID)978-91-87843-66-2 (ISBN)660/42/2013 (Archive number)660/42/2013 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 41/2013
Available from: 2016-12-15 Created: 2016-12-15 Last updated: 2020-03-11Bibliographically approved
Wolff, L. (2016). Mental Mapping and Eastern Europe. Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mental Mapping and Eastern Europe
2016 (English)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016. p. 49
Series
Södertörn Lectures, ISSN 1654-9082 ; 12
National Category
History
Research subject
Historical Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31376 (URN)660/42/2013 (Local ID)978-91-87843-66-2 (ISBN)660/42/2013 (Archive number)660/42/2013 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 41/2013
Available from: 2016-12-15 Created: 2016-12-15 Last updated: 2020-03-11Bibliographically approved
Strang, J. & Götz, N. (Eds.). (2016). Nordiskt samarbete i kalla krigets kölvatten: Vittnesseminarium med Uffe Elleman-Jensen, Mats Hellström och Pär Stenbäck (1ed.). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nordiskt samarbete i kalla krigets kölvatten: Vittnesseminarium med Uffe Elleman-Jensen, Mats Hellström och Pär Stenbäck
2016 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Järnridåns snabba söndervittrande rubbade på många av de självklarheter som det nordiska samarbetet och själva föreställningen om Norden byggt på under kalla kriget. De nordiska länderna skulle finna sin plats i ett Europa vars karta ritades om. De skulle navigera i förhållande till en accelererande europeisk integration och de baltiska ländernas självständighetsprocess. Vad skedde med det nordiska samarbetet under denna period? I vilken mån samarbetade länderna kring dessa frågor och i vilken grad föreställde man sig en gemensam framtid för Norden i det nya Europa?

Denna publikation dokumenterar ett vittnesseminarium om det nordiska samarbetet i kalla krigets kölvatten, som arrangerades den 2 juni 2015. Deltagarna Uffe Ellemann-Jensen, Mats Hellström och Pär Stenbäck var centrala nordiska aktörer under perioden 1989–95.

Seminariet och publikationen är resultatet av ett samarbete mellan Samtidshistoriska institutet vid Södertörns högskola och Centrum för Norden-studier vid Helsingfors universitet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016. p. 104 Edition: 1
Series
Samtidshistoriska frågor, ISSN 1650-450X ; 33
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29627 (URN)660/42/2013 (Local ID)978-91-89615-32-8 (ISBN)660/42/2013 (Archive number)660/42/2013 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 41/2013
Available from: 2016-03-01 Created: 2016-03-01 Last updated: 2020-03-11Bibliographically approved
Götz, N. (2016). The case of the Baltic Sea area: spatial politics and fuzzy regionalism. Baltic Worlds, IX(3), 55-67
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The case of the Baltic Sea area: spatial politics and fuzzy regionalism
2016 (English)In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. IX, no 3, p. 55-67Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article engages with political region building by examining the diverging conceptions of the Baltic Sea region since the 1970s. Itmaps the fuzzy geography arising from the enmeshment of territory with a multitude of frameworks for regional action. After 1989, the region became the object of interregional and neighborhood policies established by the European Union, with shifting territorial delimitations according to various internal and geopolitical needs of the day. Drawing on functional, relational, and administrative perspectives, it is shown how spatial definitions surrounding the Baltic Sea region have varied over the past fifty years, revealing those transnational connections that have been valued as worthwhile political investments.

Keywords
Northeastern Europe, EU, macro-region, international organizations, regionbuilding, marine environment, neighborhood policy
National Category
History
Research subject
Historical Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31062 (URN)660/42/2013 (Local ID)660/42/2013 (Archive number)660/42/2013 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 41/2013
Available from: 2016-11-02 Created: 2016-11-02 Last updated: 2020-03-11Bibliographically approved
Petrogiannis, V. & Rabe, L. (2016). What Is It That Holds A Region Together?. Baltic Worlds In-house edition, 5-9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What Is It That Holds A Region Together?
2016 (English)In: Baltic Worlds In-house edition, p. 5-9Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016
Keywords
region, Baltic
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29753 (URN)660/42/2013 (Local ID)660/42/2013 (Archive number)660/42/2013 (OAI)
Note

ISBN 978-91-87843-44-0

Available from: 2016-03-17 Created: 2016-03-17 Last updated: 2020-03-11Bibliographically approved
Co-InvestigatorKurunmäki, Jussi
Principal InvestigatorGötz, Norbert
Co-InvestigatorHolmén, Janne
Co-InvestigatorPaci, Deborah
Co-InvestigatorPetri, Rolf
Co-InvestigatorPetrogiannis, Vasileios
Coordinating organisation
Södertörn University
Funder
Period
2014-01-01 - 2016-12-31
Keywords [sv]
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Keywords [en]
Baltic and East European studies
National Category
History
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:1830Project, id: 41/2013_OSS

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