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Title [en]
The story of crucian carp in the Baltic Sea region - History and a possible future
Abstract [en]
The overall purpose of this research project is to focus, in an interdisciplinary perspective, on the history and current status of crucian carp, Carassius carassius (L.), in the Baltic Sea region, and to evaluate the species´ future potential in aquaculture on a local basis. It is very likely that the escalating problems in world fisheries and aquaculture based on predatory fish will result in increasing interest in omnivorous and herbivore species. This will give species such as crucian carp and tench (Tinca tinca L.) a renaissance as a food source in the northern hemisphere. The project is composed of three closely interlinked parts. One part is based on the history of the crucian carp in human use and the second part on its possible future use in aquaculture. The third part of the project will focus on the origin and routes of spreading of crucian carp in Sweden and the Baltic region. Conversely, natural populations of crucian carp threatened due to secondary invasion of lakes and coastal regions can be recognized.
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
Olsén, K. H. & Lundh, T. (2016). Feeding stimulants in an omnivorous species, crucian carp Carassius carassius (Linnaeus 1758). Aquaculture Reports, 4, 66-73
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Feeding stimulants in an omnivorous species, crucian carp Carassius carassius (Linnaeus 1758)
2016 (English)In: Aquaculture Reports, ISSN 2352-5134, Vol. 4, p. 66-73Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many fish are during feeding dependent on both an olfactory and gustatory sense. Olfaction that acts as the distance sense induces arousal, food search behaviour and attraction to the source, followed by examination of food items by the gustatory sense. During buccal handling the fish decide if the feed will be rejected or swallowed. Amino acids are often stimulatory to the gustatory sense and can act as feeding stimulants. There are, however, inter-species differences concerning what kinds of amino acids act as feeding stimulants or deterrents. The species differences are probably dependent on the natural food choice. As feeding stimulating molecules increase feeding and growth, but deterrents have the reverse effect, it is important to know what kind of molecules have either effect. In the present study we record mouth handling time in the omnivorous crucian carp, Carassius carassius, of agar pellets containing water extracts of meal consisting of ordinary food pellets, blue mussels or a commercial carp attractant. These tests were followed by testing with agar pellets with synthetic amino acids, based on the content of the water extracts of the food pellets that was the only feeding stimulant. Neither extracts of mussel meal or of commercial carp attractants had a stimulating effect, i.e. no significant difference in handling time compared to agar pellets with only water. A mixture of five of the major amino acids in the food pellet extract (40 mM alanine, 20 mM glycine, 20 mM arginine, 8 mM serine, 8 mM leucin) gave a significant longer handling time compared to agar pellets with only water. The handling time was also longer for the three amino acids that had the highest concentrations (40 mM Ala, 20 mM Gly, 20 mM Arg) and finally with only alanine (128 mM). Agar pellets with only Ala gave, however, a significant shorter handling time compared to agar pellets with food pellet extract. The mussel meal extract had the same content of free amino acids and their ranking order was the same as in extracts of food pellets, but at much higher concentrations. Based on the free amino acid content, the mussel extract should have stimulated feeding. This indicates that the mussel extract contained compounds that acted as feeding deterrents in omnivorous crucian carp that do not feed on blue mussels in their natural environment. Previous studies have shown that blue mussel extracts act as feeding stimulants in several bottom feeding carnivorous fish. We finally tested betaine (100 mM) but the molecule had no significant stimulating effect that has been observed in some other fish species. © 2016 The Authors

Keywords
Agar pellets, Feed extracts, Feeding stimulants, Free amino acids, Gustatory sense, Mouth handling time, Mussel meal
National Category
Biological Sciences
Research subject
Environmental Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-30641 (URN)10.1016/j.aqrep.2016.06.005 (DOI)000452076300010 ()2-s2.0-84977604199 (Scopus ID)1302/42/2009 (Local ID)1302/42/2009 (Archive number)1302/42/2009 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A017-2009Stockholm County Council
Available from: 2016-07-20 Created: 2016-07-19 Last updated: 2020-03-09Bibliographically approved
Bonow, M. & Svanberg, I. (2016). Monastiska fiskdammar i det senmedeltida Sverige. In: Madeleine Bonow, Magnus Gröntoft, Sofia Gustafsson, Markus Lindberg (Ed.), Biskop Brasks måltider: svensk mat mellan medeltid och renässans (pp. 266-284). Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlantis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Monastiska fiskdammar i det senmedeltida Sverige
2016 (Swedish)In: Biskop Brasks måltider: svensk mat mellan medeltid och renässans / [ed] Madeleine Bonow, Magnus Gröntoft, Sofia Gustafsson, Markus Lindberg, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlantis, 2016, p. 266-284Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlantis, 2016
Keywords
monastiska dammar, biskop Brask, fiskodling, matkultur
National Category
History
Research subject
Historical Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31684 (URN)1302/42/2009 (Local ID)978-91-7353-828-2 (ISBN)1302/42/2009 (Archive number)1302/42/2009 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1302/42/2009
Available from: 2017-01-13 Created: 2017-01-13 Last updated: 2019-12-12Bibliographically approved
Co-InvestigatorSvanberg, Ingvar
Co-InvestigatorBonow, Madeleine
Principal InvestigatorOlsén, Håkan
Coordinating organisation
Södertörn University
Funder
Period
2010-01-01 - 2012-12-31
National Category
Zoology
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:1827Project, id: A017-2009_OSS

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