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Title [sv]
Hästkulturer i omvandling - interaktion och etik mellan människa och häst i Sverige och Polen
Title [en]
Horse Cultures in Transition: interaction and ethics between human and horse in Sweden and Poland
Abstract [en]
Current cultural transformations reflects how the human being increasingly questions its traditional position as master of nature. This is not least obviuos in the human/horse relation. Four comparative part-projects (horse welfare discussions, horse assisted leadership courses, transformations of practical/theroretical knowledge in the art and didactics of horse riding) will investigate how humans construct new fields of knowledge and norms around the horse and themselves in Sweden and Poland with its starting-point in Studies in practical knowledge, Ethics, Didactics and also History of ideas to put light on the tensions between tradition and innovation. Horse enterprises in both countries are expanding. In Poland, the horse is a national pride, deeply connected to national identity and traditions. Poland’s economy is growing fast. Radically new enterprises like horse assisted leadership educations are successfully established. In Sweden horse riding has become more of a peoples movement. We explore how different cultural, political and economical conditions affect the formation of new fields of horse knowledge and practises by investigating what we call different horse-views – i.e. understandings of the horse that include epistemological, ideological and ethical assumptions about the human being, nature and the animal. A horse-view does not have to be theoretically articulated, it is rather expressed in the practices surrounding the horse. We investigate and interpret – by filmed observations, semi-structured interviews and analysis of central ideas in handbooks – both practical and theoretical dimensions of these practises and especially the interplay between theoretical and practical knowledges. The project is expected to contribute not only to horse-related issues but also to a broader discussion about practical knowledge and its relation to academic knowledge. Horse-practices traditionally does not have any relation to academic research and education. But this is changing today and the suggested project wants to contribute to the incipient academisation of horse-practices and discuss horse-views, ethical norms, and transformations in the art and didactics of riding. The results will be published in English contributing to both transition and ackumulation of practical knowledge - and how to academically investigate it - between Sweden and Poland.
Publications (4 of 4) Show all publications
Zetterqvist Blokhuis, M. (2019). Interaction between rider, horse and equestrian trainer: a challenging puzzle. (Doctoral dissertation). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interaction between rider, horse and equestrian trainer: a challenging puzzle
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis examines the complex and challenging relationships between rider, horse and equestrian trainer in the context of teaching horse riding. What strategies and methods do equestrian trainers use to support the riders’ understanding of, and performance with, their horses? What role is the horse assigned in this form of interaction? Operating at the intersection between practical knowledge and human-animal studies, the thesis adopts an ethnographic approach, and seeks to develop theories of practical knowledge in the practice of teaching riding.

Horse riding relies on embodied and “tacit” knowledge, which is achieved through practical experience, and is personal as well as context dependent. Since this kind of knowledge is (in most cases) difficult to completely express in words, it is also difficult to convey. “Equestrian feel” is a part of tacit knowledge and is considered as the most rewarding aspect of equestrian communication. Although horse riding has been taught for hundreds of years, knowledge about the learning situation during riding lessons, is sorely lacking. The results show that, as a subject and as an active participant in rider-horse communication, the horse is not directly addressed in the current education of rider-horse combinations. It is concluded that new teaching strategies are required, so that greater emphasis is placed on “equestrian feel” and on how riders experience their own as well as their horses’ bodies and minds. Furthermore, equestrian trainers need to improve their skills to make explicit to the rider why they choose to give certain instructions, thus contributing to the further development of a rider’s practical wisdom (phronesis).

Equestrian cultures are in transition, and traditional systems of training rider-horse combinations are being challenged. The use of horses for sport raises ethical questions and it may be time for sport riders to seriously re-examine and re-evaluate the relation with their horses and how this affects the horse as a conscious and sensitive animal. This thesis is expected to contribute to improved teaching strategies and methods and thus to promote better welfare for both horse and rider.

Abstract [sv]

I den här avhandlingen undersöks det komplexa och mångfacetterade samspelet mellan ryttare, häst och tränare i en ridundervisningskontext. Vilka strategier och metoder använder tränare för att stödja ryttarens förståelse och prestation tillsammans med hästen? Studiens utgångspunkt är att ridning är en form av praktisk kunskap vilket definieras som kunskap som demonstreras genom handling. Avhandlingens inramning är en kombination av den praktiska kunskapens teori och det multidisciplinära forskningsområdet human-animal studies. Syftet är också att bidra till att förstärka hippologins humanistiska forskningsperspektiv genom att utveckla den praktiska kunskapens teori och metoder på ridundervisningens område.

Ridning består till stor del av tyst eller underförstådd (tacit) kommunikation mellan människa och häst som ryttaren uppnår främst genom praktisk erfarenhet, och som är kroppslig, personlig och kontextberoende. Eftersom den här typen av kunskap inte helt och hållet kan uttryckas i ord, är den även svår att lära ut. Ryttarkänsla är en del av denna underförstådda kunskap och anses som den mest givande aspekten av kommunikation mellan ryttare och häst under ridning. Trots att ridundervisning har förekommit under flera århundraden, saknas djupare kunskap om inlärningen under ridlektioner, och om den praktiska kunskap som skickliga ridlärare och tränare använder.

Resultaten visar att ett erkännande av hästen som en kännande och tänkande individ inte verkar vara varken tydliggjord eller inbyggd i det nuvarande ridutbildningssystemet. Slutsatsen är att det behövs nya undervisningsmetoder där mer fokus läggs på att utveckla ryttarens känsla och på hur ryttare uppfattar sin egen och sin hästs kropp under träningspasset. Tränarna behöver bli bättre på att förklara varför de väljer att ge vissa instruktioner och därmed bidra till att utveckla ryttares fronetiska kompetens.

Kulturerna inom ridsporten är under omformning och traditionellt rotade träningssystem utmanas av nya idéer, men de starka, militära normerna spelar fortfarande en viktig roll. Att använda hästar för sport medför etiska överväganden, och därför borde ryttare inom ridsporten reflektera över hur deltagande i sport påverkar hästen som kännande och tänkande varelse. Studien förväntas bidra till förbättrade undervisningsstrategier och metoder och därmed en bättre välfärd för både ryttare och hästar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019. p. 225
Series
Södertörn Doctoral Dissertations, ISSN 1652-7399 ; 162
Keywords
equestrian sport, equestrian cultures, practical knowledge, interspecies relationships, ethics, equestrian teaching, equestrian feel, tacit knowledge, phronesis, ridsport, ridundervisning, praktisk kunskap, etik, ryttarkänsla, fronesis
National Category
Other Humanities
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37981 (URN)1066/3.1.1/2013 (Local ID)978-91-88663-63-4 (ISBN)978-91-88663-64-1 (ISBN)1066/3.1.1/2013 (Archive number)1066/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Public defence
2019-05-03, MB505, Alfred Nobels allé 7, Huddinge, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 43/2013
Available from: 2019-04-11 Created: 2019-04-08 Last updated: 2020-02-24Bibliographically approved
Zetterqvist Blokhuis, M. & Andersson, P. (2019). Riders’ understanding of the role of their horse in sports dressage (1ed.). In: Jonna Bornemark, Petra Andersson, Ulla Ekström von Essen (Ed.), Equine Cultures in Transition: Ethical Questions (pp. 179-192). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Riders’ understanding of the role of their horse in sports dressage
2019 (English)In: Equine Cultures in Transition: Ethical Questions / [ed] Jonna Bornemark, Petra Andersson, Ulla Ekström von Essen, London: Routledge, 2019, 1, p. 179-192Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Given that the role of the horse and ethical questions regarding their treatment have become a source of dispute, the aim of this study was to explore how riders express, and understand, the role of their horse in the context of equestrian sport. The data consists of semi-structured, in-depth interviews with in total 27 amateur riders (15 Swedish and 12 Polish) practicing sports dressage. Riders’ quotes reflect a tension between the way riders have historically perceived the role of the horse in equestrian sport as predominately tools or instruments, and contemporary attitudes that consider animals as having their own mind and consciousness. Equestrian cultures are in transition, and it may be time for sport riders to seriously re-examine and re-evaluate the relation between themselves and their horse and how this affects the horse as a conscious and sensitive animal

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2019 Edition: 1
Series
Routledge advances in sociology ; 256
Keywords
horseriding, equestrian sport, practical knowledge, phronesis, dressage
National Category
Other Humanities
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37975 (URN)10.4324/9781351002479-13 (DOI)1066/3.1.1/2013 (Local ID)978-1-138-54959-3 (ISBN)978-1-351-00247-9 (ISBN)1066/3.1.1/2013 (Archive number)1066/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 43/2013
Available from: 2019-04-08 Created: 2019-04-08 Last updated: 2020-02-24Bibliographically approved
Zetterqvist Blokhuis, M. (2018). The Praxis of Horse Riding: An Autoethnographic Study. Humanimalia - a journal of human/animal interface studies, 9(2), 47-67
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Praxis of Horse Riding: An Autoethnographic Study
2018 (English)In: Humanimalia - a journal of human/animal interface studies, ISSN 2151-8645, E-ISSN 2151-8645, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 47-67Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
DaPauw University, 2018
National Category
Other Humanities
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36083 (URN)1066/3.1.1/2013 (Local ID)1066/3.1.1/2013 (Archive number)1066/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 43/2013
Available from: 2018-08-16 Created: 2018-08-16 Last updated: 2020-03-31Bibliographically approved
Zetterqvist Blokhuis, M.Teaching horse riding: feel as a central concept?.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Teaching horse riding: feel as a central concept?
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keywords
equestrian teaching, practical knowledge, phronesis, tacit knowledge, equestrian feel
National Category
Other Humanities
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37978 (URN)1066/3.1.1/2013 (Local ID)1066/3.1.1/2013 (Archive number)1066/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 43/2013
Note

Som manuskript i avhandling. As manuscript in dissertation.

Available from: 2019-04-08 Created: 2019-04-08 Last updated: 2020-02-24Bibliographically approved
Co-InvestigatorBornemark, Jonna
Co-InvestigatorAndersson, Petra
Principal InvestigatorEkström von Essen, Ulla
Research StudentZetterqvist Blokhuis, Mari
Coordinating organisation
Södertörn University
Funder
Period
2014-01-01 - 2016-12-31
Keywords [sv]
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Keywords [en]
Baltic and East European studies
National Category
History of IdeasLearning
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:1804Project, id: 43/2013_OSS

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