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Title [sv]
Habitus och högre utbildning: ett forskningsprojekt om medier, smak och kulturell dissonans
Title [en]
Habitus and higher education: a research project on media, taste and cultural dissonance
Abstract [en]
This research project aims at studying changes in taste structures and cultural preferences among Estonian and Swedish students. Empirically the project continue to work of an already completed survey, conducted at Tartu University and Södertörn University in 2002. Theoretically it strives to answer the question about taste structure and change in societies marked by contemporary similarities and historical differences in relation to societal power structures, and the implication of time on habitus. In a traditional Western Democracy, like Sweden, the commercial forces in society have long had a dominant position against political, cultural and scientific interests. In the former Soviet states, of which Estonia is one, memories of the governmental forces' total domination are still alive – despite the contemporary social structure and liberal organization of society and economy. These contemporary and historically oriented dimensions of culture are likely to create differences in taste structures among students in the two countries. In our earlier study, we have already shown how a kind of cultural paradox characterizes both student groups in which the Estonian students in their attitudes, embraces the commercial culture while using a widespread array of cultural expressions of both high and low character. The Swedish students show disgust towards the commercially organized culture while this type of entertainment, media and culture dominates their usage patterns. The strong change that we have seen in the Baltic region since the early 1990s indicate the importance of seeking to identify the micropatterns of structural change here. Following our previous empirical study, a diachronic comparison between the two national student groups can now be made. This represents a unique and important contribution to both the theory of cultural taste and to our understanding of the Baltic Sea region and the countries involved in its rapid change. The empirical material consists of a survey of students at Tartu University and Södertörn University (The student groups under investigation belongs to the substances Philosophy, Business Administration, Teacher Education; Media and Communication Studies and Political Science) and a large number of qualitative interviews, participant observations and comparisons between countries' media landscape regarding ownership, marketing, finance and cultural and media content.
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
Tudor, M. (2018). Desire Lines: Towards a Queer Digital Media Phenomenology. (Doctoral dissertation). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Desire Lines: Towards a Queer Digital Media Phenomenology
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation explores ways in which “queer digital media use” co-produces senses of space, time, and queer being in contemporary Russia. Considering the particular implications of (in)visibility for queer living, and the importance of compartmentalizing conflicting spheres, the study provides a grounded account of queer life lived with and through digital media in a context currently characterized by “anti-gay” sentiments. Empirically, it draws on fieldwork and in-depth interviews with queer male informants in Saint Petersburg from 2013–2015 in accordance with a “non-digital-centric” digital ethnography. Taking a distinct phenomenological perspective, the study asks how digital media is implicated within the informants’ queer orientation towards the world. How does digital media affect perceptions of the here and now, the proximate and the distant, and spaces of belonging? In what way is it entwined with the directions they take and how they perceive of the future? And how do the different mobilities of flesh and code relate to one another? Aiming to answer such questions, the study outlines a “queer digital media phenomenology”, combining Sara Ahmed’s queer phenomenology and Shaun Moores’s media phenomenology. While Ahmed provides a deep understanding of queer habituation, Moores adds a consideration of the multiply positioned digital media user, as a fundamental pre-requisite for contemporary social experience. Rather than echoing commonly accepted ideas of speedup and instantaneousness within digital culture, the results show that digital media is often used among the informants to help produce slowness and to postpone further action. By producing spaces understood as “safe” and private, digital media provides sites where the work of generating a queer orientation can be done, and where the larger geography of everyday living may be negotiated. The study thus explores how the informants travel across multiple sites, particularly articulating the dynamics between online and offline spaces, and the discontinuities of queer digital media use. Challenging the idea of constant connectivity and an online/offline collapse, the dissertation follows recent studies in suggesting that digital media use exposes unorthodox ways of imagining relationality, why we need to critically consider inbuilt normative assumptions about the embodied subjects anticipated to live “seamless medialives”.

Abstract [sv]

I denna avhandling utforskas hur “queert digitalt mediebruk” samproducerar uppfattningar om tid, rum och queert varande i det samtida Ryssland. Med hänsyn till de särskilda implikationer som (o)synlighet har för queera individer, samt vikten av att hålla isär sfärer som står i konflikt med varandra, ämnar den att bidra med en kontextualiserad beskrivning av hur queert liv levs med och genom digitala medier, i en miljö präglad av ökad homofobi. Empiriskt baseras studien på fältarbete och djupintervjuer med queera män i Sankt Petersburg från 2013–2015, i enlighet med en ”non-digital-centric” digital etnografi. Genom att anlägga ett distinkt fenomenologiskt perspektiv, avser studien besvara frågor om hur digitala medier hör samman med informanternas queera orientering i världen. Hur påverkar digitala medier uppfattningar av det som är avlägset och nära, och var de tänker sig höra hemma? På vilka sätt är digitala medier sammanflätade med informanternas riktning framåt och hur de förnimmer sin framtid? Och hur kan vi förstå samspelet mellan kroppars och digitala koders olika rörelseförmåga? För att besvara sådana frågor sätter studien samman en ”queer digital mediefenomenologi”, genom att kombinera Sara Ahmeds queera fenomenologi med Shaun Moores mediefenomenologi. Medan Ahmed erbjuder en djupare förståelse för queer habituering understryker Moores att en fundamental utgångspunkt för att förstå samtida sociala erfarenheter är att den digitala medieanvändaren är mångfaldigt positionerad i flera rum samtidigt. Medan digital kultur vanligen sammankopplas med ökat tempo visar resultaten att informanterna ofta använder digitala medier för att sakta ner farten och skjuta upp vidare handling. Digitala medier genererar rum som uppfattas som ”säkra” och/eller privata där det ”arbete” som krävs för att utveckla en queer orientering kan göras, och där vardagslivets övergripande geografi kan förhandlas. Studien utforskar därmed hur informanterna rör sig mellan olika rum och betonar särskilt dynamiken mellan platser online och offline för att fånga diskontinuiteten i queert digitalt mediebruk. Därmed vill avhandlingen utmana idéer om konstant konnektivitet och en online/offline-kollaps, och i likhet med samtida röster peka på att digitalt mediebruk visar på okonventionella sätt att föreställa sig det relationella, varför vi kritiskt behöver granska normativa utgångspunkter gällande de kroppsliga subjekt som antas leva ”sömlösa medieliv”.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2018. p. 271
Series
Södertörn Doctoral Dissertations, ISSN 1652-7399 ; 157
Keywords
digital media, queer, Russia, phenomenology, space, time, mobility, visibility, embodiment, discontinuity, Hornet, Growlr, VKontakte, Mamba, digitalt mediebruk, queer, Ryssland, fenomenologi, tid och rum, mobilitet, synlighet, kroppslighet, diskontinuitet, Hornet, Growlr, Vkontakte, Mamba
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36125 (URN)1549/42/2011 (Local ID)978-91-88663-48-1 (ISBN)978-91-88663-49-8 (ISBN)1549/42/2011 (Archive number)1549/42/2011 (OAI)
Public defence
2018-09-28, MB503, Huddinge, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A030-2011
Available from: 2018-09-06 Created: 2018-08-24 Last updated: 2020-07-09Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, S. (2015). Digital distinctions: Mechanisms of difference in digital media use. MedieKultur: Journal of Media and Communication Research, 31(58), 30-48
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital distinctions: Mechanisms of difference in digital media use
2015 (English)In: MedieKultur: Journal of Media and Communication Research, ISSN 0900-9671, E-ISSN 1901-9726, Vol. 31, no 58, p. 30-48Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article aims to understand the distinctive mechanisms of digital media use, seen in relation to cultural practices at large. The empirical material is a survey study of university students at the Business Administration, Media and Communication Stud-ies, Political Science and Philosophy departments at Södertörn University, Sweden. The empirical analysis deals with the students’ digital media use and preferences, and how these are related to their broader cultural practices and preferences. Spe-cific attention is paid to the webpages the students mention in the survey, and how these are distributed among the groups. By showing detailed information on these areas, the mechanisms of difference of digital media use are revealed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Statsbiblioteket, 2015
Keywords
Digital media use, Distinction, Taste, Bourdieu, Internet, Digital culture
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-27492 (URN)1549/42/2011 (Local ID)1549/42/2011 (Archive number)1549/42/2011 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A030-2011
Available from: 2015-05-19 Created: 2015-05-19 Last updated: 2020-07-09Bibliographically approved
Principal InvestigatorBengtsson, Stina
Co-InvestigatorLundgren, Lars
Coordinating organisation
Södertörn University
Funder
Period
2012-01-01 - 2014-12-31
Keywords [sv]
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Keywords [en]
Baltic and East European studies
National Category
Media Studies
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:1793Project, id: A030-2011_OSS

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