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Title [en]
The impact of civil society organisations on the educational achievements of young people in marginalised urban areas of Stockholm and St. Petersburg
Abstract [en]
Young people from lower socioeconomic strata living in marginalized urban areas have substantially more difficulties in school. These difficulties have a negative influence on the transition to employment. From a cross-national perspective, this project aims to study if and how participation in civil society organizations may improve the educational achievements of young people in marginalized urban areas of two big cities of contemporary Sweden and Russia (Stockholm and St. Petersburg). Bourdieu’s theory of social capital and Walzer’s theory of civil society organisation have influenced the theoretical basis of this project; it is further complemented by critical contributions, which incorporate perspectives on gender and ethnicity. A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods will be used to analyse the roles and processes of social capital in the educational achievements of young people with different backgrounds.The research questions of the project are: 1) What kind of civil society organisations are active in the field of education in marginalised urban areas of Stockholm and St. Petersburg?, 2) What are the processes relating to membership of civil society associations that may affect the educational achievements of young people in school? 3) How does the impact of membership of civil society organisations vary in terms of the educational outcomes of young people, taking account of issues such as gender, class and ethnic background? 4) To what extent does participation in civil society organisations restrict the freedom and mobility of young people and do such restrictions differ based on gender, class and ethnic background?The answers will help us to grasp the significance of civil society organizations for young people’s educational achievements, and in continuation their labour market entry. Our data may be used in general educational policies, and to improve the situation for young people living in marginalized urban areas.
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
Behtoui, A. (2019). Constructions of self-identification: children of immigrants in Sweden. Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Constructions of self-identification: children of immigrants in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, ISSN 1070-289X, E-ISSN 1547-3384Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper is about self-identification by a sample of young people with various migrant backgrounds in Sweden. In a survey we asked them how they present themselves to others in different contexts (in their schools and neighbourhoods or when they are out of Sweden). Our findings suggest that young people’s identification is not fixed. The paths to these various forms of identification are shaped by a variety of individual (class background, parents’ country of origin) and social factors (friendship networks and school composition). The results indicate that those who identified themselves as Swedish or hyphenated tended to be quite similar as regards their other characteristics, while those who presented themselves with the parents’ birth country or religious affiliation have very little in common.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
children of immigrants, context, Self-identification, Sweden
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39054 (URN)10.1080/1070289X.2019.1658396 (DOI)000485425900001 ()2-s2.0-85072025343 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 1603663The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 42/14
Available from: 2019-09-25 Created: 2019-09-25 Last updated: 2019-10-10Bibliographically approved
Behtoui, A. (2019). Swedish young people’s after-school extra-curricular activities: attendance, opportunities and consequences. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 40(3), 340-356
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish young people’s after-school extra-curricular activities: attendance, opportunities and consequences
2019 (English)In: British Journal of Sociology of Education, ISSN 0142-5692, E-ISSN 1465-3346, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 340-356Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent research demonstrates that, along with the family, the peer group and the school environment, extra-curricular activities are important contexts for young people’s educational and social development. This article is the result of a survey conducted with a sample of young people in their last year of compulsory school in Sweden and examines both who has access to the different types of extra-curricular activity and the consequences of their participation in the various programmes. As the results indicate, after controlling for respondents’ class and migrant background, their gender and their health, there are positive and significant associations between participation in certain types of activity (sporting, cultural and religious) on the one hand, and students’ school performance and educational expectations on the other. However, attendance at a less-organised activity (youth recreation centres or fritidsgård) shows a negative association with these outcomes. Furthermore, the results demonstrate that the gender, social class and migrant background of students affect their rate of participation in many of these activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
educational expectations, educational performance, extra-curricular activities, social capital, Sweden
National Category
Sociology Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37542 (URN)10.1080/01425692.2018.1540924 (DOI)000465005300004 ()2-s2.0-85060064996 (Scopus ID)2199/3.1.1/2014 (Local ID)2199/3.1.1/2014 (Archive number)2199/3.1.1/2014 (OAI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 1506502The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 42/2014
Available from: 2019-02-05 Created: 2019-02-05 Last updated: 2020-04-06Bibliographically approved
Principal InvestigatorBehtoui, Alireza
Co-InvestigatorKravchenko, Zhanna
Co-InvestigatorEmami, Abbas
Coordinating organisation
Södertörn University
Funder
Period
2015-01-01 - 2017-12-31
Keywords [sv]
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Keywords [en]
Baltic and East European studies
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:1716Project, id: 42/2014_OSS