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Title [en]
Reproducing (In)Justice: Towards a theory of relational reproductive justice of surrogacy in Baltic, Central and Eastern Europe
Abstract [en]
This project is the first to comprehensively investigate national and transnational surrogacy in Baltic, Central and Eastern Europe (BCEE). By combining rigorous qualitative methods with empirically informed formulation of theory, it offers innovative contributions to existing feminist- and bioethical accounts of reproductive rights and reproductive justice. The project covers national case studies of the three EU countries Latvia, Poland, Sweden, as well as transnational surrogacy to Georgia and Ukraine that are both emerging as main destinations for surrogacy-related fertility travel. 1) Empirically, the project will analyze and compare existing practices, legislation, policy and debates concerning gestational and other forms of surrogacy in the BCEE; contributing with contextually specific knowledge about current national policy and media debates, as well as the mapping of existing practices within and between the countries. 2) Theoretically, the project seeks to develop a more nuanced concept of reproductive justice, acknowledging the relational nature of privilege and vulnerability, inclusion and exclusion, and, empowerment and exploitation in surrogacy arrangements. Thereby, it will both problematize existing bioethical and feminist conceptualizations of reproductive justice, and develop an innovative theoretical framework of relational reproductive justice, of relevance within as well as beyond the specific context of BCEE. There is an urgent need to fill in the existing knowledge gap about European surrogacy. Considering that several countries in BCEE are already popular destinations for fertility travel it is very likely that more countries in the region will follow Ukraine and Georgia and begin offering surrogacy services to transnational patients. Neither of the three EUcountries has yet got any fully developed legislation on surrogacy and this project would thus offer a better knowledge base for medical ethical debates as well as for policy makers and politicians in making decisions on surrogacy within and across European borders. Considering the scarcity of research on surrogacy in BCEE, this project will offer substantial empirical and theoretical contributions to humanities and social science research of global uses of ARTs. Of particular importance to gender, feminist and bioethics scholarship is the project’s empirically informed theorization of an intersectional approach to relational reproductive justice in light of European experience.
Publications (10 of 14) Show all publications
Gunnarsson Payne, J. (2023). Reproducing the Legitimate Swedish Family: Kinship Grammars in the Context of Assisted Reproductive Technologies. In: Heidrun Alzheimer, Sabine Doering-Manteuffel, Daniel Drascek, and Angela Treiber (Ed.), Jahrbuch für Europäische Ethnologie:: Schweden. Ambiguitäten verhandeln. Tolerieren als soziale und kulturelle Praxis (pp. 139-162). Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh, 16/17
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reproducing the Legitimate Swedish Family: Kinship Grammars in the Context of Assisted Reproductive Technologies
2023 (English)In: Jahrbuch für Europäische Ethnologie:: Schweden. Ambiguitäten verhandeln. Tolerieren als soziale und kulturelle Praxis / [ed] Heidrun Alzheimer, Sabine Doering-Manteuffel, Daniel Drascek, and Angela Treiber, Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh, 2023, Vol. 16/17, p. 139-162Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh, 2023
Keywords
assisted reproductive technologies, kinship grammars, surrogacy, Swedish legislation
National Category
Ethnology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51599 (URN)10.30965/9783657790883_009 (DOI)9783657790883 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1704
Available from: 2023-06-05 Created: 2023-06-05 Last updated: 2023-06-07Bibliographically approved
Gunnarsson Payne, J. (2023). Re-queering Reproduction: Queer Kinship, ‘Reproductive Third Party’ and the Incest-taboo. In: Dahl, Ulrika; Mizielińska, Joanna; Uibo, Raili; Sorainen, Antu (Ed.), Queer(y)ing Kinship in the Baltic Region and Beyond: (pp. 49-74). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Re-queering Reproduction: Queer Kinship, ‘Reproductive Third Party’ and the Incest-taboo
2023 (English)In: Queer(y)ing Kinship in the Baltic Region and Beyond / [ed] Dahl, Ulrika; Mizielińska, Joanna; Uibo, Raili; Sorainen, Antu, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2023, p. 49-74Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2023
Series
Södertörn Academic Studies, ISSN 1650-433X ; 92
National Category
Gender Studies
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51050 (URN)978-91-89504-20-2 (ISBN)978-91-89504-21-9 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 16/2017
Available from: 2023-02-20 Created: 2023-02-20 Last updated: 2023-02-22Bibliographically approved
Gunnarsson Payne, J. & Handelsman-Nielsen, M. (2023). The surrogacy question, unresolved: Surrogacy policy debate as a hegemonic struggle over rights. Critical Policy Studies, 17(3), 372-389
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The surrogacy question, unresolved: Surrogacy policy debate as a hegemonic struggle over rights
2023 (English)In: Critical Policy Studies, ISSN 1946-0171, E-ISSN 1946-018X, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 372-389Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sweden is often described as a ‘moderate’ country when it comes to legislation and policy on assisted reproductive technologies, being relatively permissive with regards to their use, but only permitting them within a strictly regulated framework. The ‘surrogacy question’, however, remains a polarized issue in media debates and has become a key topic of public negotiation and contestation around the meaning of a range of rights. This article investigates how surrogacy became a topic for policy debate in Swedish opinion journalism between 2009 and 2019. Drawing on discourse theory, the article investigates which, and ‘whose’, rights are mobilized in the debate, as well as how these rights are differently articulated and ‘filled with meaning’. It argues that polarized discourse coalitions are formed across the political spectrum, and that the absence of explicit legislation on surrogacy has led to a pragmatic ‘split policy’ which keeps both opponents and proponents unsatisfied, keeping the debate alive.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
surrogacy, assisted reproductive technologies, Sweden, policy debate, hegemony
National Category
Ethnology Cultural Studies Media Studies Gender Studies
Research subject
Historical Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-49682 (URN)10.1080/19460171.2022.2105736 (DOI)000840573600001 ()2-s2.0-85135827734 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 16/2017
Available from: 2022-08-10 Created: 2022-08-10 Last updated: 2023-11-24Bibliographically approved
Korolczuk, E. (2021). Assisted reproduction: Poland in a comparative perspective. In: Katalin Fábián; Janet Elise Johnson; Mara Lazda (Ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Gender in Central-Eastern Europe and Eurasia: (pp. 483-491). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assisted reproduction: Poland in a comparative perspective
2021 (English)In: The Routledge Handbook of Gender in Central-Eastern Europe and Eurasia / [ed] Katalin Fábián; Janet Elise Johnson; Mara Lazda, London: Routledge, 2021, p. 483-491Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter maps out the legislation, practices, and discourses on reproductive technologies in the postcommunist region, with a specific focus on Poland. The aim is to highlight both regional specificities and global tendencies, showing how the proliferation of biotechnologies may lead to a variety of policy outcomes, practices, and cultural discourses, embedded in ideals of reproduction, family, and political community. Today, reproductive technologies are practiced both within and across national borders, and the way in which they are imagined and regulated reflect the complex and multilayered character of these practices. In line with this trend, Poland and other postcommunist countries do not represent a uniform policy pattern and cannot be distinguished from western countries by a specific set of practices. Rather, they present an assemblage of national, regional, and global trends which give rise to contradictory effects in different contexts: whereas in Poland policies aimed at protecting the nation involve restricting access to assisted reproduction techniques, in Hungary and Bulgaria nationalistic discourses lead to the widening of access to reproductive technologies, albeit only for specific groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2021
National Category
Gender Studies
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-46575 (URN)10.4324/9781138347762-80 (DOI)2-s2.0-85115978884 (Scopus ID)9780429792304 (ISBN)9781138347755 (ISBN)9781138347762 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 16/2017
Available from: 2021-10-18 Created: 2021-10-18 Last updated: 2023-07-10Bibliographically approved
Gunnarsson Payne, J. (2020). Klass och (o)fria val i samtidens globala reproduktionslandskap: Litterära representationer av transnationellt surrogatmoderskap. Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, 29(1-2), 90-96
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Klass och (o)fria val i samtidens globala reproduktionslandskap: Litterära representationer av transnationellt surrogatmoderskap
2020 (Swedish)In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 29, no 1-2, p. 90-96Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The number of Swedish children conceived through commercial surrogacy abroad are increasing and the media debate on surrogacy is heated. In the wake of this, the Swedish public sphere is being filled with personal narratives of individuals travelling abroad with the purpose of having a child through surrogacy. This article analyses two books written by parents through surrogacy: Jaga storken (Hunt the stork) and Moscow baby, with a particular interest in how these two narratives describe and justify the stark class inequalities between intended parents and surrogate mothers. This kind of personal stories contribute to the normalisation of surrogacy through representing intended parents as ”having no choice” and the surrogate mothers as ”choosing subjects”. Thus, they play a crucial ideological function in the ongoing debate on surrogacy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Föreningen Kulturella Perspektiv, 2020
Keywords
Surrogacy, reproductive travelling, infertility industry, class, stratified reproduction, surrogatmoderskap, klass, assisterad befruktning, reproduktiva teknologier
National Category
Ethnology
Research subject
Historical Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-40109 (URN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 16/2017
Available from: 2020-02-04 Created: 2020-02-04 Last updated: 2021-11-05Bibliographically approved
Korolczuk, E. (2020). Poland’s LGBT-free zones and global anti-gender campaigns. ZOiS Spotlight (14)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Poland’s LGBT-free zones and global anti-gender campaigns
2020 (English)In: ZOiS Spotlight, no 14Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Centre for East European and International Studies, 2020
National Category
Gender Studies
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50141 (URN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 16/2017
Available from: 2022-10-26 Created: 2022-10-26 Last updated: 2022-10-26Bibliographically approved
Gunnarsson Payne, J., Korolczuk, E. & Mezinska, S. (2020). Surrogacy relationships: A critical interpretative review. Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, 125(2), 183-191
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Surrogacy relationships: A critical interpretative review
2020 (English)In: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, ISSN 0300-9734, E-ISSN 2000-1967, Vol. 125, no 2, p. 183-191Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Based on a critical interpretative review of existing qualitative research investigating accounts of ‘lived experience’ of surrogates and intended parents from a relational perspective, this article proposes a typology of surrogacy arrangements. The review is based on the analysis of 39 articles, which belong to a range of different disciplines (mostly sociology, social psychology, anthropology, ethnology, and gender studies). The number of interviews in each study range from as few as seven to over one hundred. Countries covered include Australia, Canada, Greece, India, Iran, Israel, Italy, Mexico, Norway, Russia, Sweden, UK, Ukraine, and the USA. Most studies focus only on surrogacy practices in one country (although often with intended parents from other countries), and some include several countries (e.g. interviewees from several countries or fieldwork in different field-sites). The proposed typology goes beyond the division between altruistic versus commercial, and traditional versus gestational surrogacy, in order to inform further research and to contribute to bioethical and policy debates on surrogacy in a transnational context. Four types of relations are identifiable: open, restricted, structured, and enmeshed. The criteria which influence these relationships are: the frequency and character of contact pre- and post-birth; expectations of both parties; the type of exchange involved in surrogacy arrangements; and cultural, legal, and economic contexts. The theoretical contribution of the article is to further the development of a relational justice approach to surrogacy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020
Keywords
Assisted reproduction, critical interpretative review, ethnography, qualitative interviews, qualitative methods, relational ethics, reproductive justice, surrogacy, surrogate motherhood
National Category
Ethnology Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Historical Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-40244 (URN)10.1080/03009734.2020.1725935 (DOI)000514788000001 ()32070166 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85079707670 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 16/2017
Available from: 2020-02-19 Created: 2020-02-19 Last updated: 2020-06-24Bibliographically approved
Korolczuk, E. (2020). The fight against ‘gender’ and ‘LGBT ideology': new developments in poland. European Journal of Politics and Gender, 3(1), 165-167
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The fight against ‘gender’ and ‘LGBT ideology': new developments in poland
2020 (English)In: European Journal of Politics and Gender, ISSN 2515-1088, E-ISSN 2515-1096, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 165-167Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent developments show that Poland’s anti-gender campaigns, initiated around 2012 by the Polish Catholic Church and ultraconservative organisations, will continue into the next parliamentary term. While the right-wing populist Law and Justice party has made attacks on ‘gender ideology’ a key element of the critique of individualism and neoliberal globalisation, anti-gender rhetoric is also today being adopted by neo-fascists, who combine a desire to maintain a gender hierarchy and hatred towards ‘sexual degenerates’ with anti-European Union sentiments and Islamophobia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bristol University Press, 2020
Keywords
Anti-gender campaigns, Feminism, Gender, Poland, Right-wing populism
National Category
Gender Studies
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-42037 (URN)10.1332/251510819X15744244471843 (DOI)000788174300010 ()2-s2.0-85091630414 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 16/2017
Available from: 2020-10-07 Created: 2020-10-07 Last updated: 2022-10-18Bibliographically approved
Korolczuk, E., Kowalska, B., Ramme, J. & Snochowska-Gonzalez, C. (Eds.). (2019). Bunt kobiet: Czarne Protesty i Strajki Kobiet. Gdansk: Europejskie Centrum Solidarności
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bunt kobiet: Czarne Protesty i Strajki Kobiet
2019 (Polish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [pl]

Niniejszy zbiór poświęcony jest przede wszystkim analizie przyczyn i charakteru kobiecego buntu przeciwko zaostrzeniu prawa do aborcji, a także próbom oceny potencjalnych skutków tego zrywu dla ruchu kobiecego, dla polityki i społeczeństwa, nie tylko w Polsce. Analizujemy największą społeczną mobilizację w Polsce ostatnich lat za pomocą narzędzi i koncepcji wypracowanych w obrębie nauk społecznych, w tym przede wszystkim w badaniach nad ruchami społecznymi. Teksty są oparte na badaniach własnych autorek i autorów, a książka ma charakter interdyscyplinarny, zawiera bowiem zarówno analizy i diagnozy socjologiczne, jak i antropologiczne oraz kulturoznawcze.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gdansk: Europejskie Centrum Solidarności, 2019. p. 207
Series
Raport
National Category
Ethnology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50138 (URN)9788362853984 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 16/2017
Available from: 2022-10-26 Created: 2022-10-26 Last updated: 2022-10-26Bibliographically approved
Cullen, P. & Korolczuk, E. (2019). Challenging abortion stigma: framing abortion in Ireland and Poland. Sexual and reproductive health matters, 27(3), Article ID 1686197.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenging abortion stigma: framing abortion in Ireland and Poland
2019 (English)In: Sexual and reproductive health matters, E-ISSN 2641-0397, Vol. 27, no 3, article id 1686197Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Abortion stigma, while observable as a global phenomenon, is constructed locally through various pathways and institutions, and at the intersection of transnational and local discourses. Stigmatisation of abortion has been challenged in varied ways by pro-choice adherents. This article investigates strategies for identifying and opposing stigmatisation of abortion in Ireland and Poland, focusing on campaigns aimed in one context, at repealing a near total prohibition of abortion, and in another, on resisting further restrictions concerning reproductive rights. We examine how mobilisation on sexual and reproductive health (SRH) in both contexts worked to address stigma and discrimination in SRH, drawing on the concept of framing and showing similarities between these two national contexts. Our analysis explains how the logic of inclusion and exclusion works in efforts at destigmatising abortion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Ireland, Poland, abortion, abortion stigma, black protests, framing, repeal the 8th, sexual and reproductive care, women’s strike
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39594 (URN)10.1080/26410397.2019.1686197 (DOI)000514158000002 ()31823693 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85076376538 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 3152-31.1.2017
Available from: 2019-12-13 Created: 2019-12-13 Last updated: 2020-10-27Bibliographically approved
Principal InvestigatorGunnarsson Payne, Jenny
Co-InvestigatorKorolczuk, Elżbieta
Co-InvestigatorMezinska, Signe
Coordinating organisation
Södertörn University
Funder
Period
2018-01-01 - 2020-12-31
Keywords [sv]
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Keywords [en]
Baltic and East European studies
National Category
Ethnology
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:1704Project, id: 16/2017_OSS

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