sh.sePublications
Change search
ExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA

Project

Project type/Form of grant
Project grant
Title [en]
Symbiotic leader-media relations? Exploring interaction between prime ministers and the media in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden
Abstract [en]
This research programme explores leader-media relations – mainly interactions between prime ministers (and their communication aides) and journalists – in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden. More specifically, the programme addresses three scholarly and related themes: (1) the ‘presidentialization’ of politics; (2) the ‘personalization’ of politics; and (3) the ‘mediatization’ of politics. The programme goes beyond existing research in two central respects. First, it integrates the themes of ‘presidentialization’, ‘personalization’ and ‘mediatization’ of politics. Second, the programme includes and assesses the full spectrum of leader-media relations – personal as well as impersonal relations. Our starting assumption is that these relations are mutually reinforcing and symbiotic rather than adversarial, but this is an open and empirical question to be explored in this programme. We will rely on complementary forms of primary material in our case studies. Interviews and content analysis will be our main research techniques. The programme adopts a comparative research design, with empirical research in a cross-national context. There is variation in our set of selected countries both regarding media system and political system. We propose a highly integrated programme, in which all researchers work with the same research problem in a comparative research design and in a concerted effort to exploit the synergies between the academic disciplines of political science and journalism/media studies. The programme is inter-disciplinary by linking these academic disciplines, on the basis of our shared concern with political communication. The programme includes researchers with strong publication records, and has close ties to internationally leading scholars.
Publications (9 of 9) Show all publications
Johansson, K. M. & Nygren, G. (Eds.). (2019). Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (1ed.). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries
2019 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book explores the interplay between government and media drawing on unique evidence from, and in-depth analysis of, four national cases: Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden. Based on the chapters dedicated to each country, five additional chapters address the following cross-national themes: government communication, social media, formality/informality in journalist-source relations, mediatisation of politics, and political communication culture.

The book reveals what really goes on between the political executive and the media in everyday practices within these countries. First, it uncovers a process of mediated political-cultural change within media-political systems. Second, it illustrates the work- ings of prime ministerial power and communication aides at this apex of political power and the media and those who work there. Third, it examines both the struggle within governing institutions to control the flow of information and the tensions between civil servants and political aides, and takes the reader through the four media-political con- texts rooted in a deep knowledge of these relationships.

The result is an illuminating and original analysis of politics, political communication, media and journalism, and offers greater understanding of the realities of government – and democracy – and media in practice as well as the role of media within contemporary politics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019. p. 264 Edition: 1
National Category
Political Science Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37447 (URN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Local ID)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Archive number)1296/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 19/2013
Note

Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2020-04-03Bibliographically approved
Johansson, K. M. & Raunio, T. (2019). Government communication in a comparative perspective. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 127-148). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Government communication in a comparative perspective
2019 (English)In: Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 127-148Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter hypothesises that there is a trend of centralisation in government communication – a move upwards in the political executive towards central coordination and control. We test this argument empirically through an inventory of elite interview evidence and a four-country comparison including two case studies – Finland and Sweden – as well as two case illustrations – Lithuania and Poland. Based on, altogether, over 80 interviews with political journalists and political/media advisors or press secretaries in the four countries, the chapter analyses how government communication is structured. The cases of Finland and Sweden offer support for the centralisation hypothesis while those of Lithuania and Poland point out its limitations. We thus conclude that the extent to which government communication is centralised varies across contexts and that the variation is patterned.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
Keywords
centralisation, coordination, executive, government communication, professionalisation
National Category
Political Science Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37452 (URN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Local ID)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Archive number)1296/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 19/2013
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2020-04-03Bibliographically approved
Balčytienė, A. & Malling, M. (2019). Lithuania: Media-politics interaction shaped by benefits-oriented reasoning. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 5-74). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lithuania: Media-politics interaction shaped by benefits-oriented reasoning
2019 (English)In: Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 5-74Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter discusses how media and political information sources navigate change and adjust their needs-oriented behaviour to changing conditions. The results presented are based on 20 qualitative interviews with leading political journalists as well as government advisors and spokespersons in Lithuania. Although media and political sources gain power in different situations, both sides function in reciprocal interconnectedness. Formal contacts are quite consistent and professionalised, but they continue to work in the shadow of informal social networks, which create their own power relationships, dynamics and hierarchical structures. Though the findings are contextually fashioned, the views regarding the interaction indicate broader trends of communication professionalisation identified also in other cultures and political conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
Keywords
political journalism, government relations, political culture, democratisation, professionalisation, Lithuania
National Category
Media and Communications Political Science
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38477 (URN)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2020-04-03Bibliographically approved
Johansson, K. M. & Nygren, G. (2019). Locked in a mutual dependency: Media and the political executive in close interplay. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 247-259). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Locked in a mutual dependency: Media and the political executive in close interplay
2019 (English)In: Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 247-259Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
National Category
Political Science Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37453 (URN)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 19/2013
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2020-04-03Bibliographically approved
Nygren, G. & Niemikari, R. (2019). Media logics as parts of the political toolkit: A critical discussion on theories of mediatisation of politics. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 197-220). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Media logics as parts of the political toolkit: A critical discussion on theories of mediatisation of politics
2019 (English)In: Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 197-220Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In research on mediatisation, the political system is often described as a victim of media logics. According to this theory, the logics of politics are overruled by media logics, and the political institutions become dependent on the media. This chapter questions this dichotomy between the two logics and asks to what extent media logics are used by political actors to achieve political goals. Based on the results from interviews in four countries, the relationship between politics and the media is discussed from both perspectives. The chapter also discusses different logics and functions of the media and describes a complex picture of interdependency and mutual interests. It concludes that new types of political instrumentalisation of the media are developed in the close relationship between the news media and their sources in government.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
Keywords
mediatisation, political journalism, media management, media logic, political logic
National Category
Media and Communications Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38478 (URN)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2020-04-03Bibliographically approved
Malling, M. (2019). Power and exchange in formal and informal interaction between journalists and their sources. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 175-195). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Power and exchange in formal and informal interaction between journalists and their sources
2019 (English)In: Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 175-195Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter sets out to answer a number of questions concerning the relationship between media and political executives in political communication, centring on how the exchange and power balance between journalists and their political sources differ depending on whether the interaction is formal or informal. The results are based on 43 qualitative interviews with journalists who cover national politics and governmental press advisors in Lithuania and Sweden. The findings indicate that formal interaction is advantageous for professional sources in agenda-based news. In non-agenda news and in times of political conflict, journalists as well as some political sources prefer informal interaction. While top political leaders and their press advisors are most often isolated from informal interactions, other political sources might gain from communicating informally. Finally, the results show that media–source exchange in informal relationships reaches beyond “information in exchange for publicity” and that informal relationships allow participants to step outside their traditional professional roles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
Keywords
journalist-source relations, interaction, informality, professionalisation, political communication, exchange
National Category
Media and Communications Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38475 (URN)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2020-04-03Bibliographically approved
Johansson, K. M., Malling, M. & Nygren, G. (2019). Sweden: A professionally symbiotic relationship. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 97-123). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sweden: A professionally symbiotic relationship
2019 (English)In: Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 97-123Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter explores political executive-media relations in Sweden, with a particular focus on professional day-to-day relationships and habits. The analysis is mainly based on extensive interviews with journalists and government press secretaries, and it establishes the routinisation at work, as well as the professionalisation. The exchanges between journalists and their sources appear to be close but with recognition of each other’s professional roles. Media developments influence the relationship, and the downsizing of newsrooms, multi-platform production 24/7 and increased competition for unique news have made journalists more dependent on available sources. At the same time, professionalisation of government communication makes news management more efficient and has centralising effects on executive systems. Together these trends shift the balance between journalists and their political sources in favour of the latter. The presented findings have important implications for research on journalism, media and political executives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
Keywords
political communication, political journalism, professionalisation, mediatisation, Sweden
National Category
Political Science Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37451 (URN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Local ID)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Archive number)1296/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 19/2013
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2020-04-03Bibliographically approved
Johansson, K. M. & Nygren, G. (2019). The interplay of media and the political executive: Introduction and framework. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 9-26). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The interplay of media and the political executive: Introduction and framework
2019 (English)In: Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 9-26Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
National Category
Political Science Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37450 (URN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Local ID)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Archive number)1296/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 19/2013
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2020-04-03Bibliographically approved
Johansson, K. M. (2018). Statsministern och medierna. In: Lars Nord, Marie Grusell, Niklas Bolin & Kajsa Falasca (Ed.), Snabbtänkt: Reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare (pp. 101). Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet, Demicom.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Statsministern och medierna
2018 (Swedish)In: Snabbtänkt: Reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare / [ed] Lars Nord, Marie Grusell, Niklas Bolin & Kajsa Falasca, Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet, Demicom. , 2018, p. 101-Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet, Demicom., 2018
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36768 (URN)978-91-88025-99-9 (ISBN)
Note

S. 91 i elektronsiks version.

Available from: 2018-11-14 Created: 2018-11-14 Last updated: 2020-04-03Bibliographically approved
Principal InvestigatorJohansson, Karl Magnus
Co-InvestigatorBalčytienė, Auksė
Co-InvestigatorDobek-Ostrowska, Bogusława
Co-InvestigatorJohansson, Elena
Co-InvestigatorMalling, Milda
Co-InvestigatorMoring, Tom
Co-InvestigatorNiemikari, Risto
Co-InvestigatorNożewski, Jacek
Co-InvestigatorNygren, Gunnar
Co-InvestigatorRaunio, Tapio
Coordinating organisation
Södertörn University
Funder
Period
2014-01-01 - 2016-12-31
Keywords [sv]
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Keywords [en]
Baltic and East European studies
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:1683Project, id: 19/2013_OSS