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Title [sv]
ECOPOOL - Ecosystems as common-pool resources - Implications for building sustainable water mangagement institutions in the Baltic Sea Region
Title [en]
Ecosystems as common-pool resources - Implications for building sustainable water mangagement institutions in the Baltic Sea Region
Abstract [en]
In this project, we focus on governance of water resources and related ecosystem services in the Baltic Sea Region. The ongoing process of implementing the EU Water Framework Directive, adopted in 2000,is a core case study. To sustainably govern such complex, dynamic social-ecological systems in the face of uncertainty and change, the ecosystem approach as a holistic and integrated management framework of land and water resources is increasingly recognized, internationally for example in the UN Convention of Biodiversity Conservation (CBD) as well as in Sweden. Present management regimes are in many cases not ecologically consistent with the resources they are supposed to manage creating a mismatch between the social and ecological system. Also, it can be argued that some of the challenges relating to mismatches do not always have so much to do with spatial scale as with the “scale” of management response and change. The new demands on institutional arrangements by the EU Water Framework Directive, as well as of changing ecosystems due to e.g. climate change could be viewed as a reorganization phase that implies an increased need for adaptive capacity and transformability. The overall aim of the project is to contribute to an improved understanding of the feedbacks between ecosystems and society for sustainable governance using an ecosystem approach perspective with particular focus on the following aspects: ·Appropriation of scales (in particular, cross-scale and multi- level governance issues) ·The role of stakeholder participation and local ecological knowledge (LEK) ·The capacity to adapt and transform in the phase of change in ecosystems and society. The project is multidisciplinary combining methods and theoretical ideas from natural resources management, planning, physical geography, ecology, and economics. This project is organized as a set of partly comparative case studies in two sub-projects, but a core idea in this project is that the participants work in an integrated manner as far as appropriate. Geographically, we will focus on the Northern Baltic Sea Water district and ca two selected sub-basins in Sweden, and similar catchment areas in Norway, Estonia and Latvia.
Publications (4 of 4) Show all publications
Franzén, F., Dinnétz, P. & Hammer, M. (2016). Factors affecting farmers' willingness to participate in eutrophication mitigation: a case study of preferences for wetland creation in Sweden. Ecological Economics, 130, 8-15
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors affecting farmers' willingness to participate in eutrophication mitigation: a case study of preferences for wetland creation in Sweden
2016 (English)In: Ecological Economics, ISSN 0921-8009, E-ISSN 1873-6106, Vol. 130, p. 8-15Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Local stakeholder participation in water management is emphasized in the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD). Wetland creation to mitigate nutrient leakage from agriculture is one example where participation of local farmers is needed. In this case study of the Himmerfjärden coastal catchment area, south of Stockholm, Sweden, we assessed both the importance of several demo-graphic factors, and of the main subsidy factors in the present Agri-Environmental Scheme (AES) for their effects on farmers’ willingness to create wetlands on their farms. The farm and farmer characteristics analyzed were age, gender, knowledge of the WFD, education, farm size, land ownership, current measures to reduce nutrient leakage and trust for other actors. The main factors from the AES were defined as five attributes in a discrete choice experiment approach related to the current agri-environmental policy instrument for wetland creation applied in the area. The results showed that approximately 30 % of the farmers were interested in wetland creation at their farms. The most common reason for not wanting to create a wetland was economic cost. Males were significantly more willing than females to create wetlands. Younger farmers were significantly more willing than older. Prior knowledge of the WFD increased willingness almost threefold, and land owners were significantly more willing than leaseholders. The choice experiment showed that higher cost ceiling for subsidies, higher compensation percentage and higher annual subsidies can significantly increase the willingness to create wetlands. However to attract also the remaining 70% of all farmers to join the AES we must look at other options than only using action based AES.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
stakeholder participation; water management; eutrophication; wetland creation; agri-environmental schemes
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Environmental Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-27449 (URN)10.1016/j.ecolecon.2016.05.019 (DOI)000383944800002 ()2-s2.0-84978168188 (Scopus ID)1169/42/2007:10 (Local ID)1169/42/2007:10 (Archive number)1169/42/2007:10 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A058-2007
Note

Som manuskript i avhandling. As manuscript in dissertation.

Available from: 2015-05-05 Created: 2015-05-13 Last updated: 2020-07-17Bibliographically approved
Franzén, F. (2015). From words to action: Lessons from active stakeholder participation in water management. (Doctoral dissertation). Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From words to action: Lessons from active stakeholder participation in water management
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Water governance worldwide is going through a shift towards more holistic and participatory approaches. In Europe, the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) adopted in 2000, aims at protecting surface water and groundwater. The WFD emphasizes the importance of stakeholder participation in planning and implementation of the directive, and in order to reach environmental objectives. However, the empirical findings are insufficient regarding how stakeholder participation can lead to improved decisions and implemented plans. In Sweden, a major water quality problem is eutrophication caused to a large extend by diffuse nutrient leakage from agriculture. Therefore, it is important to involve farmers in water management, since their participation can lead the commitment of mitigation measures for reduced nutrient leakage. The overall aim of this study is to contribute the knowledge and understanding of active stakeholder participation in water management, in particular how it can lead to implementation of water quality objectives. The thesis addresses stakeholder participation in eutrophication management in local Swedish catchments, with a particular focus on farmers’ participation in the commitment of mitigation measures. The results are based on case study research, involving four catchment areas in Sweden with severe eutrophication problems. The thesis identified socio-demographic factors, farmers’ knowledge, and the level of existing information and economic support for wetland creation, as factors affecting farmers’ willingness to participate in wetland creation to mitigate nutrient leakage. In the local catchment groups studied, farmers and other local stakeholders participated to discuss potential mitigation activities. In these, farmers emphasized other emitting actors’ responsibility and commitment in local action plans. Where this was realized, social capital within the group increased and led to further collaboration. The thesis also analyzed large-scale wetland programmes at catchment scale, where the organizational and institutional arrangements were central to realize farmers’ participation: inter-municipal agreements entailed sufficient resources, the organization involved the most relevant actors; and leadership resources were important. The thesis argues that organizing water management at a catchment level can be important to cope with challenges related to stake-holder participation for mitigating diffuse nutrient leakage. In particular for dissemination and collection of information, suggesting potential measures for all concerned actors, provide resources needed to realize actions, and to build trust and collaboration. The thesis also emphasized that stakeholder participation has to be underpinned by a genuine meaning, both for the initiators and the participants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. p. ix, 50
Series
TRITA-LWR. PHD, ISSN 1650-8602 ; 2015:01
Keywords
stakeholder participation; EU Water Framework Directive; eutrophication; catchment-based water management; agriculture.
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Environmental Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-27446 (URN)1169/42/2007:10 (Local ID)978-91-7595-569-8 (ISBN)1169/42/2007:10 (Archive number)1169/42/2007:10 (OAI)
Public defence
2015-05-28, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A058-2007
Available from: 2015-05-13 Created: 2015-05-13 Last updated: 2020-07-17Bibliographically approved
Andersson, I., Jarsjö, J. & Petersson, M. (2014). Saving the Baltic Sea, the Inland Waters of Its Drainage Basin, or Both? Spatial Perspectives on Reducing P-Loads in Eastern Sweden. Ambio, 43(7), 914-925
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Saving the Baltic Sea, the Inland Waters of Its Drainage Basin, or Both? Spatial Perspectives on Reducing P-Loads in Eastern Sweden
2014 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 43, no 7, p. 914-925Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nutrient loads from inland sources to the Baltic Sea and adjacent inland waters need to be reduced in order to prevent eutrophication and meet requirements of the European Water Framework Directive (WFD) and the Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP). We here investigate the spatial implications of using different possible criteria for reducing water-borne phosphorous (P) loads in the Northern Baltic Sea River Basin District (NBS-RBD) in Sweden. Results show that most catchments that have a high degree of internal eutrophication do not express high export of P from their outlets. Furthermore, due to lake retention, lake catchments with high P-loads per agricultural area (which is potentially of concern for the WFD) did not considerably contribute to the P-loading of the Baltic Sea. Spatially uniform water quality goals may, therefore, not be effective in NBS-RBD, emphasizing more generally the need for regional adaptation of WFD and BSAP-related goals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2014
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Environmental Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-23422 (URN)10.1007/s13280-014-0523-x (DOI)000343659300009 ()24799149 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84910139818 (Scopus ID)1169/42/2007:10 (Local ID)1169/42/2007:10 (Archive number)1169/42/2007:10 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A058-2007
Note

Funded by the Ministry of Education and Research within the Research School for Teachers on Climate Evolution and Water Resources

Available from: 2014-05-08 Created: 2014-05-08 Last updated: 2020-07-17Bibliographically approved
Andersson, I., Petersson, M. & Jarsjö, J. (2012). Impact of the European Water Framework Directive on local-level water management: Case study Oxunda Catchment, Sweden. Land use policy, 29(1), 73-82
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Impact of the European Water Framework Directive on local-level water management: Case study Oxunda Catchment, Sweden
2012 (English)In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 73-82Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Water Framework Directive (WFD) of the European Union provides a common framework for water policy that focuses on holistic and integrated water management in river basins. In many member states, implementation of the WFD has shifted the main responsibility for local water issues from the municipal level to the regional or supra-regional levels. In this study, we investigated how the implementation of the WFD has influenced local-level water management including the interpretation of the new environmental quality standards. Specifically, we considered Sweden, which has traditionally had relatively strong governance at the municipal level. Because a sufficient amount of time has now passed for evaluation of WFD-related effects on operational water handling, we interviewed individuals directly involved in water planning and land use planning at the municipal level in one sub catchment in the Northern Baltic Sea River Basin District of Sweden, as well as representatives for superior levels and associations. Despite divergent views regarding the priority of water issues in physical planning among the local-level planners interviewed, they had all participated in successful inter-municipal pre-WFD collaboration projects. Although such collaborations could help increase the understanding and acceptance of WFD-related goals and costs, as well as facilitate conflict solving, as shown in the Oxunda Catchment, they have not gained much attention in the WFD implementation process. Additionally, physical planners have generally been reluctant to accept new environmental quality standards resulting from WFD implementation, in part because they lack precise definitions, but also because they could challenge the municipal routine of weighing various objectives against each other. Furthermore, despite WFD-related increases in ambition levels, lack of resource improvements at the municipal level were identified as potential problems by local environmental planners.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012
Keywords
WFD implementation, Environmental quality standards, Spatial fit, Horizontal integration, Municipal level, Interviews
National Category
Environmental Sciences Physical Geography
Research subject
Environmental Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-11909 (URN)10.1016/j.landusepol.2011.05.006 (DOI)000296041300008 ()2-s2.0-80051555908 (Scopus ID)1169/42/2007:10 (Local ID)1169/42/2007:10 (Archive number)1169/42/2007:10 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A058-2007
Note

Funded by the Ministry of Education and Research within the Research School for Teachers on Climate Evolution and Water Resources

Available from: 2011-10-18 Created: 2011-10-04 Last updated: 2020-07-17Bibliographically approved
Co-InvestigatorPetersson, Mona
Principal InvestigatorHammer, Monica
Co-InvestigatorBalfors, Berit
Coordinating organisation
Södertörn University
Funder
Period
2008-01-01 - 2010-12-31
Keywords [sv]
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Keywords [en]
Baltic and East European studies
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:1678Project, id: A058-2007_OSS

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