sh.sePublications
Change search
ExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA

Project

Project type/Form of grant
Project grant
Title [en]
Anarchists in Eastern and Western Europe - a Comparative Study
Abstract [en]
During recent years, scholarly attention has been given to civil society in Eastern Europe, and to a certain degree also to the social movements and political protests of the region. Little attention has however been directed towards the impact and role of radical leftist groups in these newly democratized post-communist political systems. In social movement research it has been noted that anarchist and autonomist groups have played a prominent role for the broader left and new social movements in Western countries since the late 1960s, often appearing as the broader movement’s ’radical flank’. Albeit being a marginal political phenomenon, the ideas, strategies and forms of protests of these radical groups have many times – directly or indirectly – influenced more established organizations, e.g. political parties and trade unions.Especially since the 1990s, anarchist and autonomist activism have been visible through ’street parties’, squatting and during the protests of the Global Justice Movement. The purpose of this project is to make a comparative analysis of anarchist and autonomist movements in four countries in the Baltic region – Denmark, Germany, Poland and Russia – focusing on their role in contemporary politics. In what respects can one find differences and/or similarities in how these countries’ movements have developed? How can differences or similarities be explained by structural openings or closures in the polities in question, both regarding the movements’ interplay with the state and other political actors, and their ability to intervene in conflicts over the dominant meanings of democracy and politics? The comparative analysis will be guided by a focus on (1) how the movements’ strategies and alliances are used to achieve political influence, (2) how the movements’ highlight and act upon political and cultural tensions, and (3) how the transnational diffusion of movement ideas and practices impact different national contexts. Using a comparative framework based in social movement theory, we will conduct interviews, analyze texts and do fieldwork within movement organizations, at events and meeting places. The research group is made up of scholars with extensive experience of research in the countries of the study. The project will be undertaken within the research environment for studies of contemporary social movements in the Baltic region and Eastern Europe, at the School of Social Sciences, Södertörn University.
Publications (10 of 22) Show all publications
Jämte, J., Lundstedt, M. & Wennerhag, M. (2023). When Do Radical Flanks Use Violence? Conditions for Violent Protest in Radical Left-Libertarian Activism in Sweden, 1997–2016. Terrorism and Political Violence, 1-20
Open this publication in new window or tab >>When Do Radical Flanks Use Violence? Conditions for Violent Protest in Radical Left-Libertarian Activism in Sweden, 1997–2016
2023 (English)In: Terrorism and Political Violence, ISSN 0954-6553, E-ISSN 1556-1836, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Descriptions of social movement factionalism are often based on the dichotomous conception of lawful moderates and violent radicals. In this article, we nuance this distinction by illustrating the complexity of radical flanks through an empirically grounded analysis of protest tactics, in which we ask under what conditions radical flanks are likely to use violent protest tactics. Exploring dominant explanations of political violence, the article shows the necessity of understanding the use of violent protest tactics as part of cognitive and relational processes. The use of violent tactics varies greatly across frames and protest issues, pointing to how different logics of protest are tied to different frames. Also, the use of violence is affected by the presence or absence of moderate allies; the likelihood of violence clearly decreases when radicals and moderates form coalitions when organising protests. The analysis is based on a protest event data set covering over 3,900 nonviolent and violent events by the Radical Left-Libertarian Movement in Sweden, 1997–2016. Notably, the results hold over this entire twenty-year period, suggesting that they are robust and provide a better explanation than historically contingent causes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
Political violence; social movement dynamics; radical flank effects; radical left; coalition work; framing
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51363 (URN)10.1080/09546553.2023.2189966 (DOI)000970439700001 ()2-s2.0-85152442840 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Radicalization and De-radicalization
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, 2016-489The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A068-2011
Available from: 2023-04-20 Created: 2023-04-20 Last updated: 2023-05-22Bibliographically approved
Jämte, J., Lundstedt, M. & Wennerhag, M. (2020). From Radical Counterculture to Pragmatic Radicalism? The Collective Identity of Contemporary Radical Left-libertarian Activism in Sweden. Journal for the Study of Radicalism, 14(1), 1-36
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From Radical Counterculture to Pragmatic Radicalism? The Collective Identity of Contemporary Radical Left-libertarian Activism in Sweden
2020 (English)In: Journal for the Study of Radicalism, ISSN 1930-1189, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 1-36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Michigan Press, 2020
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-42905 (URN)10.14321/jstudradi.14.1.0001 (DOI)2-s2.0-85084129856 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Från apati till aktivism: Medborgerliga identiteter och reaktioner på det politiska, Vetenskapsrådet 2007-8782Radikalisering och motradikalisering, Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap (Dnr 2016-489)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A068-2011Swedish Research Council, 2007-8782Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, 2016-489
Available from: 2020-12-08 Created: 2020-12-08 Last updated: 2021-10-11Bibliographically approved
Jämte, J. (2017). Radical anti-fascism in Scandinavia: Shifting frames in relation to the transformation of the far right. In: Magnus Wennerhag; Christian Fröhlich; Grzegorz Piotrowski (Ed.), Radical Left Movements in Europe: (pp. 248-267). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Radical anti-fascism in Scandinavia: Shifting frames in relation to the transformation of the far right
2017 (English)In: Radical Left Movements in Europe / [ed] Magnus Wennerhag; Christian Fröhlich; Grzegorz Piotrowski, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2017, p. 248-267Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2017
Series
The mobilization series on social movements, protest, and culture
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34488 (URN)2-s2.0-85040582076 (Scopus ID)978-1-315603-48-3 (ISBN)978-1-4724-6146-9 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A068-2011
Available from: 2018-02-02 Created: 2018-02-02 Last updated: 2022-07-06Bibliographically approved
Wennerhag, M., Fröhlich, C. & Piotrowski, G. (Eds.). (2017). Radical left movements in Europe. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Radical left movements in Europe
2017 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

When the Iron Curtain lifted in 1989, it was seen by some as proof of the final demise of the ideas and aspirations of the radical left. Not many years passed, however, before the critique of capitalism and social inequalities were once again the main protest themes of social movements. This book provides an account of radical left movements in today’s Europe and how they are trying to accomplish social and political change.

The book’s international group of leading experts provide detailed analysis on social movement organizations, activist groups, and networks that are rooted in the left-wing ideologies of anarchism, Marxism, socialism, and communism in both newly democratized post-communist and longstanding liberal-democratic polities. Through a range of case studies, the authors explore how radical left movements are influenced by their situated political and social contexts, and how contemporary radical left activism differs from both new and old social movements on one hand, and the activities of radical left parliamentary parties on the other. Ultimately, this volume investigates what it means to be ‘radical left’ in current day liberal-democratic and capi- talist societies after the fall of European state socialism.

This is valuable reading for students and researchers interested in European politics, contemporary social movements and political sociology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2017. p. 283
Series
The mobilization series on social movements, protest, and culture
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33558 (URN)10.4324/9781315603483 (DOI)2-s2.0-85040569082 (Scopus ID)1561/42/2011 (Local ID)978-1-4724-6146-9 (ISBN)978-1-315603-48-3 (ISBN)1561/42/2011 (Archive number)1561/42/2011 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A068-2011
Note

Copyright year 2018

Available from: 2017-10-05 Created: 2017-10-05 Last updated: 2022-03-24Bibliographically approved
Wennerhag, M. (2017). Radical left movements in Europe: An introduction. In: Magnus Wennerhag; Christian Fröhlich; Grzegorz Piotrowski (Ed.), Radical Left Movements in Europe: (pp. 1-21). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Radical left movements in Europe: An introduction
2017 (English)In: Radical Left Movements in Europe / [ed] Magnus Wennerhag; Christian Fröhlich; Grzegorz Piotrowski, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2017, p. 1-21Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2017
Series
The mobilization series on social movements, protest, and culture
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34489 (URN)2-s2.0-85040553289 (Scopus ID)1561/42/2011 (Local ID)978-1-4724-6146-9 (ISBN)978-1-315603-48-3 (ISBN)1561/42/2011 (Archive number)1561/42/2011 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A068-2011
Available from: 2018-02-02 Created: 2018-02-02 Last updated: 2022-03-24Bibliographically approved
Piotrowski, G. (2017). Troubles With the (Troubled) Past: Anarchists in Poland After 1989. In: Magnus Wennerhag; Christian Fröhlich; Grzegorz Piotrowski (Ed.), Radical left movements in Europe: (pp. 137-155). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Troubles With the (Troubled) Past: Anarchists in Poland After 1989
2017 (English)In: Radical left movements in Europe / [ed] Magnus Wennerhag; Christian Fröhlich; Grzegorz Piotrowski, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2017, p. 137-155Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2017
Series
The mobilization series on social movements, protest, and culture
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34497 (URN)2-s2.0-85040613276 (Scopus ID)978-1-4724-6146-9 (ISBN)978-1-315603-48-3 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A068-2011
Note

Copyright year 2018

Available from: 2017-10-05 Created: 2018-02-02 Last updated: 2022-07-06Bibliographically approved
Sörbom, A. & Wennerhag, M. (2016). Begreppet extremism - en kritisk introduktion. ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys (5), 15-37
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Begreppet extremism - en kritisk introduktion
2016 (Swedish)In: ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys, ISSN 2000-6225, E-ISSN 2000-6217, no 5, p. 15-37Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Termen ”extremism” har blivit vanligare inom både svensk offentlig debatt och myndighetsprosa. I sådana sammanhang är det dock sällan klart exakt vad som avses med denna term. Inte heller inom samhällsvetenskapen är begreppet extre­ mism oomstritt och inom olika forskningsfält används begreppet på olika sätt. Syftet med Adrienne Sörbom och Magnus Wennerhags artikel är att belysa extremismbegrep­ pets uppkomst och förändrade betydelse under moderniteten, samt att diskutera några av de problem som begreppet är behäftat med. Med hjälp av bland annat vetenskaps­ sociologen Thomas F. Gieryns begrepp ”gränsdragningsarbete” (boundary-work) visar Sörbom och Wennerhag hur begreppet extremism används i fältet mellan vetenskap, politik och samhällsdebatt. Författarnas huvudsakliga poäng är att begreppets utgångs­ punkt i en tydligt normativ föreställning om politiska avvikelser gör det mindre använd­ bart i vetenskapliga sammanhang, eftersom det enbart tar dessa avvikelser för givna och inte erbjuder några förklaringar om varför de uppkommer eller vilken roll de spelar i moderna samhällen. 

Keywords
extremism; avvikelse; radikalisering; gränsdragningsarbete; demokrati; normativitet. publiceringsh
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29859 (URN)10.13068/2000-6217.5.1 (DOI)1561/42/2011 (Local ID)1561/42/2011 (Archive number)1561/42/2011 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A068-2011
Available from: 2016-04-18 Created: 2016-04-18 Last updated: 2022-03-24Bibliographically approved
Piotrowski, G. (2016). Od post-anarchizmu do pop-anarchizmu. In: Skrycki Radosław and Michał Przyborowski (Ed.), Radosława Skryckiego (Ed.), Studia z dziejów anarchizmu (2): w dwusetlecie urodzin Michaiła Bakunina. Paper presented at Szczecin, May 29-31, 2014.. Szczecin: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Od post-anarchizmu do pop-anarchizmu
2016 (Polish)In: Studia z dziejów anarchizmu (2): w dwusetlecie urodzin Michaiła Bakunina / [ed] Radosława Skryckiego, Szczecin: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego , 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Szczecin: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego, 2016
Keywords
Poland, Anarchism, Post-anarchism
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-26973 (URN)1561/42/2011 (Local ID)978-83-7972-056-9 (ISBN)1561/42/2011 (Archive number)1561/42/2011 (OAI)
Conference
Szczecin, May 29-31, 2014.
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A068-2011
Available from: 2015-04-22 Created: 2015-04-22 Last updated: 2022-03-24Bibliographically approved
Polanska, D. V. & Piotrowski, G. (2016). Poland: Local differences and the importence of cohesion. Baltic Worlds, IX(1-2), 46-56
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Poland: Local differences and the importence of cohesion
2016 (English)In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. IX, no 1-2, p. 46-56Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two Polish cities, Warsaw and Poznań, are studied in the article to examine how external structures are handled and used by squatters in these two settings. The aim is to analyze opportunity structures that condition the emergence and development of squatting and how squatters respond to and utilize these opportunities. Our ambition is to understand why squatting has developed differently in the two cities by emphasizing the duration and cohesion of the squatting scene as pivotal for the different trajectories of squatting. It is argued in the article that the durability of the squatting environment abates tendencies to open the squatting scene to external coalitions and establish more institutionalized forms of political struggle.

Keywords
squatting, Poland, opportunity structures, cohesion, durability
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31064 (URN)1561/42/2011 (Local ID)1561/42/2011 (Archive number)1561/42/2011 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 10/2014The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A068-2011Swedish Research Council, 2010–1706
Available from: 2016-11-03 Created: 2016-11-03 Last updated: 2022-03-02Bibliographically approved
Piotrowski, G. & Polanska, D. V. (2016). Radical Urban Movements in Poland: the case of squatting. Miscellanea Anthropologica et Sociologica, 17(1), 53-69
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Radical Urban Movements in Poland: the case of squatting
2016 (English)In: Miscellanea Anthropologica et Sociologica, E-ISSN 2354-0389, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 53-69Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Radical social movements are more and more often the subject of academic inquiry, where their agenda, identity-building processes and repertoires of action are examined vis a vis the dominant discursive opportunity structures. The case study presented in this articleis the squatting movement in Poland. We interpret this movement, its actions and in particular alliance-building strategies, through the perspective of radical flanks of broader urban social movements environment.

Keywords
squatting, post-socialism, urban movements, Poland
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31069 (URN)10.5604/20842937.1212304 (DOI)1561/42/2011 (Local ID)1561/42/2011 (Archive number)1561/42/2011 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 10/2014The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A068-2011
Available from: 2016-11-03 Created: 2016-11-03 Last updated: 2024-01-18Bibliographically approved
Co-InvestigatorSörbom, Adrienne
Principal InvestigatorWennerhag, Magnus
Coordinating organisation
Södertörn University
Funder
Period
2012-01-01 - 2014-12-31
Keywords [sv]
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Keywords [en]
Baltic and East European studies
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:1674Project, id: A068-2011_OSS