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Titel [en]
Symbiotic leader-media relations? Exploring interaction between prime ministers and the media in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden
Abstract [en]
This research programme explores leader-media relations – mainly interactions between prime ministers (and their communication aides) and journalists – in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden. More specifically, the programme addresses three scholarly and related themes: (1) the ‘presidentialization’ of politics; (2) the ‘personalization’ of politics; and (3) the ‘mediatization’ of politics. The programme goes beyond existing research in two central respects. First, it integrates the themes of ‘presidentialization’, ‘personalization’ and ‘mediatization’ of politics. Second, the programme includes and assesses the full spectrum of leader-media relations – personal as well as impersonal relations. Our starting assumption is that these relations are mutually reinforcing and symbiotic rather than adversarial, but this is an open and empirical question to be explored in this programme. We will rely on complementary forms of primary material in our case studies. Interviews and content analysis will be our main research techniques. The programme adopts a comparative research design, with empirical research in a cross-national context. There is variation in our set of selected countries both regarding media system and political system. We propose a highly integrated programme, in which all researchers work with the same research problem in a comparative research design and in a concerted effort to exploit the synergies between the academic disciplines of political science and journalism/media studies. The programme is inter-disciplinary by linking these academic disciplines, on the basis of our shared concern with political communication. The programme includes researchers with strong publication records, and has close ties to internationally leading scholars.
Publikationer (10 of 16) Visa alla publikationer
Johansson, K. M. & Raunio, T. (2023). Government Communication in Finland and Sweden. Baltic Rim Economies (3), 7-7
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Government Communication in Finland and Sweden
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Baltic Rim Economies, ISSN 1459-9759, nr 3, s. 7-7Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm)) Published
Abstract [en]

Communications is one of the most pressing challenges facing government day by day. Government communication – defined broadly as the structures, practices and processes of the executive in its communication aspects – is required to handle those challenges. In this article, we outline the main elements of government communication in Finland and Sweden and then contrast the two countries. Our analysis covers both broader, over time developments as well as communication during the crises of the early 2020s.  

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Turku: Centrum Balticum, 2023
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52591 (URN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen, 19/2013
Tillgänglig från: 2023-10-31 Skapad: 2023-10-31 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-11-01Bibliografiskt granskad
Malling, M. (2023). Reconstructing the Informal and Invisible: Interactions Between Journalists and Political Sources in Two Countries. Journalism Practice, 17(4), 683-703
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Reconstructing the Informal and Invisible: Interactions Between Journalists and Political Sources in Two Countries
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 17, nr 4, s. 683-703Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

A significant part of the interaction between journalists and their sources in political journalism is informal or not mentioned in the media content. Visibility/invisibility and formality/informality are tactical choices applied by journalists and sources. They influence agenda building in the short term and shared interpretations that dominate the public sphere in the long term.However, the extent to which informal and/or invisible sources participate, what their role is, and why have not been consistently measured. This paper offers a matrix model to map and compare the usage of formal/informal and visible/invisible interactions between journalists and their sources. The data consists of 475 journalist-source interactions in Lithuania and Sweden reconstructed by 33 political journalists.The results demonstrate how different interactions presuppose different source roles in the news process. Formal invisible sources act as gatekeepers, and informal invisible sources act as agenda setters.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Nyckelord
Agenda building, informal interaction, journalist-source relationships, news sources, political journalism, reconstruction interviews, unattributed sources
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-45475 (URN)10.1080/17512786.2021.1930571 (DOI)000654766700001 ()2-s2.0-85106470056 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen, 19/2013
Tillgänglig från: 2021-05-31 Skapad: 2021-05-31 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-06-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Johansson, E. & Johansson, K. M. (2022). Along the government–media frontier: Press secretaries offline/online. Journal of Public Affairs, 22(S1), Article ID e2759.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Along the government–media frontier: Press secretaries offline/online
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Public Affairs, ISSN 1472-3891, E-ISSN 1479-1854, Vol. 22, nr S1, artikel-id e2759Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

While the position of press secretaries to ministers has become routinized, we still know little about their everyday life in the political executive. This article, based on in-depth interviews with press secretaries and an inventory of social media use conducted among ministers and press secretaries in Sweden, explores what press secretaries do and the roles and functions they fill. It addresses the overarching question of what it is really like to be government press secretary. It engages with this question through a combination of methods, mapping, and explaining patterns of behavior across related fields and strategic spaces. We argue that existing research and role typologies, while still useful, must be developed by accounting more for how press secretary work changes through new techniques and digitalization. We conclude that press secretaries fill a mix of roles and these are quite stable, but social media impacts on the daily routine of the press secretary and are a part of the work that is difficult or impossible to control. In addition, this study of Swedish press secretaries helps to redress a geographical imbalance in political communication (system) research where the focus usually is on Anglo-American-based scholarship and systems.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons, 2022
Nyckelord
digital, executive, function, press secretary, role, social media, spin, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)
Forskningsämne
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-46393 (URN)10.1002/pa.2759 (DOI)000695269600001 ()2-s2.0-85114740612 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen, 19/2013
Tillgänglig från: 2021-09-14 Skapad: 2021-09-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-12-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Johansson, K. M. (2022). The Prime Minister–Media Nexus: Centralization Logic and Application (1ed.). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Prime Minister–Media Nexus: Centralization Logic and Application
2022 (Engelska)Bok (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This book offers a systematic inquiry into how, why, and with what consequences media affects governments and the standing of prime ministers. It aims at an understanding of how media has caused institutional effects in government, as well as at advancing a unified theory of government communication. The author develops a logic of centralization and applies it to one case, Sweden. Government communication has been institutionalized, tightened and centralized with the prime minister and has changed irreversibly. Analysis of how the government communication system has evolved, mainly in its institutional structures, suggests that the shift to centralization arose more out of necessity than choice. For prime ministers most of this is about finding ways to ensure that the entire government respond to media uniformly. As governments face a set of functional demands from media, different kinds of media, uniformity has been a paramount objective. Nevertheless, this development involves shifting dynamics of intra-executive relations and a shift of power away from ministries to the prime minister’s office; the apex of political power. The prime minister has been empowered at the expense of ministers through the concentration of power and resources to the executive centre. That is partly because of media, which reinforces political hierarchies. That and the centralized control of government news in turn raises further questions about democratic governance and the nature of modern-day governing. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2022. s. 103 Upplaga: 1
Serie
Palgrave Studies in Political Leadership, ISSN 2947-5821, E-ISSN 2947-583X
Nyckelord
political communication, presidentialization of politics, prime minister, communication, politics and the media, personalization of prime ministers, prime minister, function, empowerment, institutional change, logic of centralization, media, presidentialization, adaptation, centralization, communication
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)
Forskningsämne
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50081 (URN)10.1007/978-3-031-12152-4 (DOI)978-3-031-12151-7 (ISBN)978-3-031-12152-4 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen, 19/2013
Tillgänglig från: 2022-10-17 Skapad: 2022-10-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-10-21Bibliografiskt granskad
Malling, M. (2021). Sources that Trigger the News: Multiplexity of Social Ties in News Discovery. Journalism Studies, 22(10), 1298-1316
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Sources that Trigger the News: Multiplexity of Social Ties in News Discovery
2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 22, nr 10, s. 1298-1316Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The study explores how the content of the social ties between journalists and their sources, and the multiplexity of the ties in particular, is reflected in the news discovery practices in the political beat. Some of the news ideas come from publicly available channels while others derive from journalists' unique networks of social contacts (often to some degree informal). The sources connected to journalists via single vs. multiplex social ties achieve a discursive power (Jungerr et al. 2019) in different ways. The study is based on reconstructed news discovery situations (n = 162) from two different political journalism environments: Lithuania and Sweden, and combines quantitative and qualitative questions. First, it measures the prevalence of the multiplex social ties between journalists and the sources. Second, it analyzes how the multiplexity of these ties is reflected in the process of the news discovery and, third, the outcome-the news content. The results show that the prevalence of multiplex social ties, and the social network behind them, is reflected in what news journalists can access and select as newsworthy. Process-wise, multiplex social ties work as a shortcut but require a balance between maintaining the access to the network and distance to the source.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2021
Nationell ämneskategori
Medievetenskap
Forskningsämne
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-46216 (URN)10.1080/1461670X.2021.1951331 (DOI)000674075300001 ()2-s2.0-85110905985 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen, 19/2013
Tillgänglig från: 2021-08-18 Skapad: 2021-08-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-11-03Bibliografiskt granskad
Johansson, K. M. (2021). Stärker mediemakten regeringsmakten?. Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 123(1), 5-25
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Stärker mediemakten regeringsmakten?
2021 (Svenska)Ingår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 123, nr 1, s. 5-25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores the question if media power strengthens governmental power. It engages with this question through a study of the Swedish case. The case study summarizes secondary evidence and presents new primary evidence drawn from interviews and documents. It builds on presidentialization theory to develop an argument about why prime ministers, in particular, should be expected to be empowered by media, among other factors. The article advances the argument that the drive for government-wide coherent communication perpetuates trends of centralization. This follows a functionalist logic and changes the balance between premiers and other cabinet ministers in favour of the former. Moreover, prime ministers are the natural foci of media attention. The article concludes that premiers are empowered by the media, but the scope for executive empowerment more broadly is conditional on the domestic political context. These findings have important implications for research on political communication and executives.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Lund: Fahlbeckska Stiftelsen, 2021
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-44587 (URN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen, 1296/3.1.1/2013
Tillgänglig från: 2021-03-19 Skapad: 2021-03-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-05-12Bibliografiskt granskad
Johansson, K. M. & Raunio, T. (2020). Centralizing Government Communication? Evidence from Finland and Sweden. Politics and Policy, 48(6), 1138-1160
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Centralizing Government Communication? Evidence from Finland and Sweden
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Politics and Policy, E-ISSN 1747-1346, Vol. 48, nr 6, s. 1138-1160Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

How governments manage their communication is one crucial indicator of the balance of power within the cabinet and inside the executive branch as a whole. Existing research offers few insights into the process by which governments come to choose one form of communication over another and about the factors driving centralization. This article addresses this gap through a comparison of two countries, Finland and Sweden, examining not only the organizational forms of government communication but also the causal mechanisms at work. Combining theoretical lessons from studies in political communication, political science, and public administration, it develops a centralization argument, focusing on the centripetal factors facilitating coordination and control. Drawing on over 40 interviews with journalists and political or media advisors in the two countries and on government documents, the article offers clear evidence of a trend toward centralization, particularly in Sweden. This trend should be understood as part of a broader process whereby prime ministers and their offices establish stronger control of the entire executive branch.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Wiley-Blackwell, 2020
Nyckelord
Centralization, Government Communication, Media Advisors, Political Advisors, Press Secretaries, Prime Ministers, Finland, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering; Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-41687 (URN)10.1111/polp.12370 (DOI)000559481300001 ()2-s2.0-85089391819 (Scopus ID)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Lokalt ID)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Arkivnummer)1296/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen, 19/2013
Tillgänglig från: 2020-08-17 Skapad: 2020-08-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-01-28Bibliografiskt granskad
Johansson, K. M. & Nygren, G. (Eds.). (2019). Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (1ed.). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries
2019 (Engelska)Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This book explores the interplay between government and media drawing on unique evidence from, and in-depth analysis of, four national cases: Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden. Based on the chapters dedicated to each country, five additional chapters address the following cross-national themes: government communication, social media, formality/informality in journalist-source relations, mediatisation of politics, and political communication culture.

The book reveals what really goes on between the political executive and the media in everyday practices within these countries. First, it uncovers a process of mediated political-cultural change within media-political systems. Second, it illustrates the work- ings of prime ministerial power and communication aides at this apex of political power and the media and those who work there. Third, it examines both the struggle within governing institutions to control the flow of information and the tensions between civil servants and political aides, and takes the reader through the four media-political con- texts rooted in a deep knowledge of these relationships.

The result is an illuminating and original analysis of politics, political communication, media and journalism, and offers greater understanding of the realities of government – and democracy – and media in practice as well as the role of media within contemporary politics.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019. s. 264 Upplaga: 1
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering; Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37447 (URN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Lokalt ID)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Arkivnummer)1296/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen, 19/2013
Anmärkning

Tillgänglig från: 2019-01-28 Skapad: 2019-01-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-11-01Bibliografiskt granskad
Johansson, K. M. & Raunio, T. (2019). Government communication in a comparative perspective. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 127-148). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Government communication in a comparative perspective
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, s. 127-148Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This chapter hypothesises that there is a trend of centralisation in government communication – a move upwards in the political executive towards central coordination and control. We test this argument empirically through an inventory of elite interview evidence and a four-country comparison including two case studies – Finland and Sweden – as well as two case illustrations – Lithuania and Poland. Based on, altogether, over 80 interviews with political journalists and political/media advisors or press secretaries in the four countries, the chapter analyses how government communication is structured. The cases of Finland and Sweden offer support for the centralisation hypothesis while those of Lithuania and Poland point out its limitations. We thus conclude that the extent to which government communication is centralised varies across contexts and that the variation is patterned.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
Nyckelord
centralisation, coordination, executive, government communication, professionalisation
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37452 (URN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Lokalt ID)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Arkivnummer)1296/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen, 19/2013
Tillgänglig från: 2019-01-28 Skapad: 2019-01-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-08-17Bibliografiskt granskad
Balčytienė, A. & Malling, M. (2019). Lithuania: Media-politics interaction shaped by benefits-oriented reasoning. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 5-74). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Lithuania: Media-politics interaction shaped by benefits-oriented reasoning
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, s. 5-74Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This chapter discusses how media and political information sources navigate change and adjust their needs-oriented behaviour to changing conditions. The results presented are based on 20 qualitative interviews with leading political journalists as well as government advisors and spokespersons in Lithuania. Although media and political sources gain power in different situations, both sides function in reciprocal interconnectedness. Formal contacts are quite consistent and professionalised, but they continue to work in the shadow of informal social networks, which create their own power relationships, dynamics and hierarchical structures. Though the findings are contextually fashioned, the views regarding the interaction indicate broader trends of communication professionalisation identified also in other cultures and political conditions.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
Nyckelord
political journalism, government relations, political culture, democratisation, professionalisation, Lithuania
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38477 (URN)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-06-25 Skapad: 2019-06-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-05-28Bibliografiskt granskad
ProjektledareJohansson, Karl Magnus
ProjektmedarbetareBalčytienė, Auksė
ProjektmedarbetareDobek-Ostrowska, Bogusława
ProjektmedarbetareJohansson, Elena
ProjektmedarbetareMalling, Milda
ProjektmedarbetareMoring, Tom
ProjektmedarbetareNiemikari, Risto
ProjektmedarbetareNożewski, Jacek
ProjektmedarbetareNygren, Gunnar
ProjektmedarbetareRaunio, Tapio
Koordinerande organisation
Södertörns högskola
Forskningsfinansiär
Tidsperiod
2014-01-01 - 2016-12-31
Nyckelord [sv]
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Nyckelord [en]
Baltic and East European studies
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)
Identifikatorer
DiVA, id: project:1683Projekt id: 19/2013_OSS