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Behtoui, A. (2019). Constructions of self-identification: children of immigrants in Sweden. Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Constructions of self-identification: children of immigrants in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, ISSN 1070-289X, E-ISSN 1547-3384Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper is about self-identification by a sample of young people with various migrant backgrounds in Sweden. In a survey we asked them how they present themselves to others in different contexts (in their schools and neighbourhoods or when they are out of Sweden). Our findings suggest that young people’s identification is not fixed. The paths to these various forms of identification are shaped by a variety of individual (class background, parents’ country of origin) and social factors (friendship networks and school composition). The results indicate that those who identified themselves as Swedish or hyphenated tended to be quite similar as regards their other characteristics, while those who presented themselves with the parents’ birth country or religious affiliation have very little in common.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
children of immigrants, context, Self-identification, Sweden
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39054 (URN)10.1080/1070289X.2019.1658396 (DOI)000485425900001 ()2-s2.0-85072025343 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 1603663The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 42/14
Available from: 2019-09-25 Created: 2019-09-25 Last updated: 2019-10-10Bibliographically approved
Behtoui, A., Hertzberg, F. & Neergaard, A. (2019). De sociala relationernas betydelse för utbildningsambitionen bland ungdomar i marginaliserade storstadsområden (1ed.). In: Alinia Minoo & Songur Welat (Ed.), Socialt arbete i storstaden: Villkor och praktik (pp. 62-77). Stockholm: Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>De sociala relationernas betydelse för utbildningsambitionen bland ungdomar i marginaliserade storstadsområden
2019 (Swedish)In: Socialt arbete i storstaden: Villkor och praktik / [ed] Alinia Minoo & Songur Welat, Stockholm: Liber, 2019, 1, p. 62-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2019 Edition: 1
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37312 (URN)9789147113392 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-17 Created: 2019-01-17 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved
Andersdotter Fabre, E., Anneroth, E., Behtoui, A., Borgström, S., Ejigu, A., Escobar, V., . . . Wrangsten, C. (2019). Mötesplatser för unga läggs ner. Är det hållbart?. Samhällsbyggaren, 2, 26-28
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mötesplatser för unga läggs ner. Är det hållbart?
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2019 (Swedish)In: Samhällsbyggaren, ISSN 2002-956X, Vol. 2, p. 26-28Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Stockholmsregionen växer och utvecklas. Regionen förväntas växa med ytterligare cirka en miljon invånare fram till år 2050. Fler människor måste dela på stadens utrymmen och resurser. Stockholms ytterområden – där de flesta bor och kommer att bo – förtätas och rustas upp. Hur bygger vi då ett hållbart Stockholm, ett samhälle där alla kan få plats, delta, trivas och må bra?

National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38210 (URN)
Available from: 2019-05-27 Created: 2019-05-27 Last updated: 2019-06-12Bibliographically approved
Behtoui, A., Carlson, P., Ferlander, S., Heber, A., Jukkala, T. & Lindström, J. (2019). Politiskt färgad undersökning med dålig representativitet: Replik DN Debatt 19/2. Dagens Nyheter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Politiskt färgad undersökning med dålig representativitet: Replik DN Debatt 19/2
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2019 (Swedish)In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37819 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018-02173
Available from: 2019-03-05 Created: 2019-03-05 Last updated: 2019-06-12Bibliographically approved
Behtoui, A., Hertzberg, F., Jonsson, R., Rosales, R. L. & Neergaard, A. (2019). Sweden: The "Otherization" of the Descendants of Immigrants (2ed.). In: Peter A.J.Stevens & A. Gary Dworkin (Ed.), The Palgrave Handbook of Race and Ethnic Inequalities in Education: (pp. 999-1034). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sweden: The "Otherization" of the Descendants of Immigrants
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2019 (English)In: The Palgrave Handbook of Race and Ethnic Inequalities in Education / [ed] Peter A.J.Stevens & A. Gary Dworkin, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, 2, Vol. 2, p. 999-1034Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter offers a systematic review of the literature on educational inequality and school attainments of immigrants’ offspring in Sweden. The review covers research conducted between 1990 and 2015 and critically examines how different research traditions explain this inequality. The chapter begins by mapping the key characteristics of the Swedish educational system together with Swedish immigration patterns. Thereafter, five major research traditions that explain educational inequality and ethnic background in Sweden are presented. These perspectives include (1) political arithmetic; (2) racism and discrimination; (3) language proficiency tradition; (4) school choice and school segregation; and (5) cultural and social capital and socio-historical contexts. The ‘political arithmetic’ tradition, which starts mainly from a positivistic approach and employs large-scale, quantitative research strategies, has focused on the individual and demographic characteristics of pupils. The main assumption of the other research clusters is that there are important contextual circumstances (beyond individual factors) which decisively affect the educational achievements of the descendants of immigrants. While often dominated by qualitative approaches, these types of research do sometimes include quantitatively designed studies. These research traditions take a more critical stance on government policies, which have produced an extremely segregated school system, and show the consequences of a concentration of children of families from vulnerable groups (economically disadvantaged and immigrant groups in marginalized neighborhoods) in schools with limited resources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019 Edition: 2
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39319 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-94724-2_23 (DOI)978-3-319-94723-5 (ISBN)978-3-319-94724-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-11-04 Created: 2019-11-04 Last updated: 2019-11-04Bibliographically approved
Behtoui, A. (2019). Swedish young people’s after-school extra-curricular activities: attendance, opportunities and consequences. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 40(3), 340-356
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish young people’s after-school extra-curricular activities: attendance, opportunities and consequences
2019 (English)In: British Journal of Sociology of Education, ISSN 0142-5692, E-ISSN 1465-3346, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 340-356Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent research demonstrates that, along with the family, the peer group and the school environment, extra-curricular activities are important contexts for young people’s educational and social development. This article is the result of a survey conducted with a sample of young people in their last year of compulsory school in Sweden and examines both who has access to the different types of extra-curricular activity and the consequences of their participation in the various programmes. As the results indicate, after controlling for respondents’ class and migrant background, their gender and their health, there are positive and significant associations between participation in certain types of activity (sporting, cultural and religious) on the one hand, and students’ school performance and educational expectations on the other. However, attendance at a less-organised activity (youth recreation centres or fritidsgård) shows a negative association with these outcomes. Furthermore, the results demonstrate that the gender, social class and migrant background of students affect their rate of participation in many of these activities.

Keywords
educational expectations, educational performance, extra-curricular activities, social capital, Sweden
National Category
Sociology Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37542 (URN)10.1080/01425692.2018.1540924 (DOI)000465005300004 ()2-s2.0-85060064996 (Scopus ID)2199/3.1.1/2014 (Local ID)2199/3.1.1/2014 (Archive number)2199/3.1.1/2014 (OAI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 1506502The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 42/2014
Available from: 2019-02-05 Created: 2019-02-05 Last updated: 2019-08-21Bibliographically approved
Behtoui, A. & Leivestad, H. H. (2019). The “stranger” among Swedish “homo academicus”. Higher Education, 77(2), 213-228
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The “stranger” among Swedish “homo academicus”
2019 (English)In: Higher Education, ISSN 0018-1560, E-ISSN 1573-174X, Vol. 77, no 2, p. 213-228Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article deals with individuals of immigrant background in Swedish higher education—i.e., those who have a PhD and work in Swedish universities. The aim of the study is to examine whether and how factors other than academic qualifications—such as gender and migrant background—may affect the individual’s ability to find employment and pursue a successful career in a Swedish institution of higher education. The data used in the first section are Swedish registry data (LISA database and population), administered by Statistics Sweden. The second part of the paper is based on semi-structured interviews with 19 academics of migrant background. The results show that, given the same work experience and compared to the reference group (born in Sweden with at least one Swedish-born parent), individuals born in Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, and South America are, firstly, more likely to be unemployed and, secondly, if they are employed, to have a lower income (lower position). The ways in which such gaps arises are also examined. © 2018 The Author(s)

Keywords
Advancement, Equal opportunities, Immigrant background, Recruitment, Swedish higher education
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34966 (URN)10.1007/s10734-018-0266-x (DOI)000456209000002 ()2-s2.0-85045955638 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-05-16 Created: 2018-05-16 Last updated: 2019-02-08Bibliographically approved
Behtoui, A. & Leivestad, H. H. (2018). "De andra" i den svenska akademiska eliten. In: Eriksson, Bengt Erik; Holmqvist, Mikael & Sohl, Lena (Ed.), Eliter i Sverige: tvärvetenskapliga perspektiv på makt, status och klass (pp. 245-274). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 77(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"De andra" i den svenska akademiska eliten
2018 (Swedish)In: Eliter i Sverige: tvärvetenskapliga perspektiv på makt, status och klass / [ed] Eriksson, Bengt Erik; Holmqvist, Mikael & Sohl, Lena, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, Vol. 77, no 2, p. 245-274Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39313 (URN)9789144116365 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-11-04 Created: 2019-11-04 Last updated: 2019-11-04Bibliographically approved
Behtoui, A. (2018). Etniska hierarkier och (icke-)representation: Partikandidater med migrationsbakgrund vid svenska valet 2014. Sociologisk forskning, 55(2-3), 317-339
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Etniska hierarkier och (icke-)representation: Partikandidater med migrationsbakgrund vid svenska valet 2014
2018 (Swedish)In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 55, no 2-3, p. 317-339Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ethnic hierarchies and (non)representation. Party candidates with migration background in the general election of 2014.

This paper analyses the extent to which individuals with migration background were appointed and elected into different levels of public decision-making bodies in the latest Swedish general election (2014). Individuals of ”migration background” refers in this study to those born abroad or born in Sweden with two foreign-born parents. Data for this study is taken from Statistics Sweden’s register of candidates elected in municipal, county and national parliamentary elections in 2014, supplemented by information from other Statistics Sweden’s registers. The results demonstrate that: (a) individuals with a migration background are severely underrepresented in the Swedish decision-making bodies; (b) even in cases when individuals with a migration background are nominated on the party lists, they have less of a chance of being elected compared to native candidates. (c) The dominant ”resource theory” cannot explain the underrepresentation of the stigmatized migrant groups and their descendants, and finally; (d) the results indicate some support to the hypothesis about the importance of access to social networks in order to be nominated and elected.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sveriges Sociologförbund, 2018
Keywords
political representation, migration background, elections, decision-making bodies
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36147 (URN)000437926900011 ()2-s2.0-85051389711 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-08-27 Created: 2018-08-27 Last updated: 2018-08-27Bibliographically approved
Araújo, H. C., Macedo, E., Behtoui, A., Tomaszewska-Pękała, H., Marchlik, P., Wrona, A. & Rocha, C. (2018). Shaping the policies towards early school leaving in Portugal, Sweden and Poland. In: Comparative Perspectives on Early School Leaving in the European Union: (pp. 47-60). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Shaping the policies towards early school leaving in Portugal, Sweden and Poland
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2018 (English)In: Comparative Perspectives on Early School Leaving in the European Union, London: Routledge, 2018, p. 47-60Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter focuses on education policies in Portugal, Poland and Sweden, exploring links between the political construction of ESL and the fight against it. Portugal still has one of the highest rates in Europe, even with great progress; Sweden is and has been in quite a comfortable position very close to the European average; and the rate of ESL in Poland is significantly below. We take into consideration the relationships of education with Europeanization, including the assertion of new roles for the state that interacts in a multiple scale governance - the dispersion of decision-making from the states to European institutions in line with Roger Dale (2007). We argue that these processes bring to the fore difficulties and opportunities that are explored in national interpretations of the educational policy and phenomena. Taking into account the specific educational structures, policies and practices in the three countries, the chapter highlights that the educational debate varies in areas of concentration and there are tensions in the discussion of vocational tracks; that the socio-political and economic crisis has reshaped the ways different countries address ESL and try to make the best of EU funding; that tensions remain in varying degrees between the social and educational goals and the needs of the labour market; and that social concerns about equality of opportunities and educational development are not as common as they should be in light of the EU concern about social inclusion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2018
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-35679 (URN)2-s2.0-85047555068 (Scopus ID)9781351691819 (ISBN)9781138048072 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-06-20 Created: 2018-06-20 Last updated: 2018-06-20Bibliographically approved
Projects
Civil Societies Organisations and Educational Achievements of Young People in Marginalised Urban Areas [2014-01795_VR]; Södertörn UniversityThe impact of civil society organisations on the educational achievements of young people in marginalised urban areas of Stockholm and St. Petersburg [42/2014_OSS]; Södertörn University; Publications
Behtoui, A. (2019). Constructions of self-identification: children of immigrants in Sweden. Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8227-3659

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