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Podolian, Olena
Publications (10 of 23) Show all publications
Gherghina, S., Ekman, J. & Podolian, O. (2023). Introduction to the Special Issue on Political Participation in Post-Communist Europe during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Communist and post-communist studies, 56(4), 1-10
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction to the Special Issue on Political Participation in Post-Communist Europe during the COVID-19 Pandemic
2023 (English)In: Communist and post-communist studies, ISSN 0967-067X, E-ISSN 1873-6920, Vol. 56, no 4, p. 1-10Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The COVID-19 pandemic altered the functioning of societies and people’s behavior in many areas of daily life. Studies of political participation during the pandemic do not constitute an extensive body of research, focusing mainly on Western European countries. Under these circumstances, we know very little about political participation in post-communist countries during the pandemic. This special issue aims to understand the dynamics of political participation in post-communist Europe through both qualitative and quantitative analyses. It proposes several innovative concepts and analytical frames that can be used to understand who participated, why, and with what consequences. This topic has often been surrounded by discussions referring to empirical matters much more than around general arguments and theoretical explanatory models. One of the special issue’s aims is to enrich the theoretical debate about political participation in new democracies and transition countries during the pandemic.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of California Press, 2023
Keywords
political participation, pandemic, citizens, political parties, elections
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52907 (URN)10.1525/cpcs.2023.2106175 (DOI)001117757500001 ()2-s2.0-85180342299 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-12-20 Created: 2023-12-20 Last updated: 2024-01-12Bibliographically approved
Antonov, O. & Podolian, O. (2023). Soft Power. Coopting Post-Soviet Youth: Russia, China, And Transnational Authoritarianism. Baltic Worlds, XVI(3), 4-7
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Soft Power. Coopting Post-Soviet Youth: Russia, China, And Transnational Authoritarianism
2023 (English)In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. XVI, no 3, p. 4-7Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Södertörns högskola, 2023
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-53006 (URN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 21-PR2-0020
Available from: 2024-01-05 Created: 2024-01-05 Last updated: 2024-01-05Bibliographically approved
Gherghina, S., Ekman, J. & Podolian, O. (2023). When promises reach boundaries: political participation in post-communist countries. European Societies, 25(2), 268-280
Open this publication in new window or tab >>When promises reach boundaries: political participation in post-communist countries
2023 (English)In: European Societies, ISSN 1461-6696, E-ISSN 1469-8307, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 268-280Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Political participation increased and diversified in the post-communist world in the last decade. This may create great expectations in terms of societal impact. This Special Section seeks to understand the complexity of this picture by analyzing instances in which the promises of political participation reach boundaries in post-communist countries. It aims to achieve two theoretical and empirical objectives. It outlines several theoretical frameworks that can be used to understand who participates and why they do so, and to identify and explain various ways in which individuals engage in politics, what are their reasons and with what expectations. The articles in this Special Section cover a range of post-communist countries in the form of comparative perspectives across countries with contextualized case studies (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia and Hungary) and use both qualitative and quantitative analyses. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
citizens, institutions, online, Political participation, post-communism
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51140 (URN)10.1080/14616696.2023.2178187 (DOI)000933529300001 ()2-s2.0-85148338289 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-03-06 Created: 2023-03-06 Last updated: 2023-06-13Bibliographically approved
Gerhardt, K., Wolrath Söderberg, M., Lindblad, I., Diderichsen, Ö., Gullström, M., Dahlin, M., . . . Gradén, M. (2022). Nog nu, politiker – ta klimatkrisen på allvar. Aftonbladet (2022-08-25)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nog nu, politiker – ta klimatkrisen på allvar
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2022 (Swedish)In: Aftonbladet, no 2022-08-25Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Aftonbladet Hierta, 2022
National Category
Other Social Sciences Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-49755 (URN)
Note

Debattartikel från 1944 svenska forskare och anställda i forskarvärlden.

Available from: 2022-08-26 Created: 2022-08-26 Last updated: 2023-10-06Bibliographically approved
Gherghina, S., Ekman, J. & Podolian, O. (2021). Anti-Establishment Parties and Voters' Responses in Post-Communist Europe. Problems of Post-Communism, 68(4), 261-263
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anti-Establishment Parties and Voters' Responses in Post-Communist Europe
2021 (English)In: Problems of Post-Communism, ISSN 1075-8216, E-ISSN 1557-783X, Vol. 68, no 4, p. 261-263Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Starting with the third decade of post-communism, the emergence of many anti-establishment parties in Central and Eastern Europe reshaped the political landscape. Political parties remain key actors through their functions of representation, but it is unclear how they are responding and adapting to recent challenges and developments. At the same time, the behavior of voters in such agitated times remains a puzzle. This special issue aims to outline several theoretical models of party and voter adaptation to political realities, and to identify and explain various ways in which anti-establishment parties promote their discourse and how voters respond to it.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2021
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50173 (URN)10.1080/10758216.2021.1928831 (DOI)000678361700001 ()2-s2.0-85111347343 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 22/2015
Available from: 2022-11-01 Created: 2022-11-01 Last updated: 2022-11-01Bibliographically approved
Podolian, O. (2020). The Challenge of ‘Stateness’ in Estonia and Ukraine. (Doctoral dissertation). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Challenge of ‘Stateness’ in Estonia and Ukraine
2020 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
The Challenge of ‘Stateness’ in Estonia and Ukraine : The international dimension a quarter of a century into independence
Abstract [en]

The aim of this dissertation is to examine the influence of the international actors i.e. the OSCE, Council of Europe, EU and Russia, on policy and legislative adaptation in two post-Soviet countries since 1991. These are Estonia and Ukraine. The central concept analysed in the dissertation is stateness. It is defined following Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan (1996) as congruence between the territorial definition and the right of citizenship in the state, which has the monopoly on the legitimate use of force in the territory, and an effective state bureaucracy. For the analysis, certain policy areas are chosen which operationalise the dimensions of stateness: monopoly on the use of force (borders, army and police), state identity (citizenship, national minorities and language), and basic administration (public administration, education and information). In the democratisation and state-building literature, stateness is a neglected concept, as is the international influence on it. Surprisingly so, as it is an important condition for state and regime stability, especially democracy. To address this gap, the dissertation clarifies the definition of the concept of stateness and analyses the international influence on it in the two countries. This dissertation centres on the impact of the international actors as the causal factor in consolidation of stateness. To investigate this, it analyses in a systematic manner the influence of their policy demands and expectations on adaptation (i.e. policy adoption and change) in the policy areas operationalising stateness in Estonia and Ukraine. As part of the analysis, it provides a detailed overview and comparison of the policy- and legislation-making in both countries after their independence in 1991. The method chosen is a cross-case comparison carried out according to a time-periodisation approach. The analysis illustrates the converging yet context-contingent impact of the international actors in the policy areas operationalising stateness. Therefore, the main finding confirms the emerging consensus in the literature that the international actors have an increasing yet differential impact in traditionally domestic policy areas. The dissertation’s contribution is twofold. First is the theoretical and conceptual contribution to state-building in comparative European politics by clarifying the definition of the concept of stateness. Second is the empirical contribution by providing an applicable operationalisation of the concept through policy areas, which permits its empirical analysis.

Abstract [sv]

Avhandlingen undersöker det inflytande som olika internationella aktörer – såsom OSSE, Europarådet, EU och den Ryska Federationen – har utövat på två postsovjetiska stater, Estland och Ukraina. Mer specifikt är det sådant inflytande som rör utformningen av lagstiftning och policybeslut som hamnar i fokus, i relation till politikområden som kan kopplas till begreppet ”stateness”, det vill säga en stats förmåga att kontrollera sitt eget territorium och population, samt förmågan att fungera som en suverän stat bland andra stater i världen. De politikområden som undersöks i avhandlingen är kontrollen över landets gränser, statens våldsmonopol, politiken kring medborgarskap, minoritetsrättigheter och språkrättigheter, samt offentlig förvaltning, informationsspridning och utbildning.

I forskningen om demokratisering och statsbyggande är den internationella aspekten av en stats förmåga till ”stateness” underutforskad. Det tas för givet att ”stateness” är en central förutsättning för en lyckad demokratisering och för regimstabilitet, men det tas också för givet att denna förmåga i allt väsentligt bestäms av inhemska faktorer. Denna avhandling lämnar ett bidrag till den existerande forskningen på området genom att undersöka vilken betydelse externa aktörer har för en stats förmåga till ”stateness”. Bidraget handlar både om att förtydliga begreppet ”stateness” på ett teoretiskt plan, och om att empiriskt undersöka hur två postsovjetiska stater, i relation till externa aktörer, har kunnat hantera frågan om ”stateness” i det egna landet, från 1991 och framåt. Den komparativa undersökningen visar att de externa aktörerna har en märkbar påverkan på Estlands och Ukrainas lagstiftning inom politikområden som rör medborgarskap och minoritetsrättigheter, i synnerhet i Estland, men att de externa aktörernas inflytande är mer blandat när det gäller lagstiftning kring språkfrågor och utbildningsfrågor. Undersökningen visar också att Ryssland, som en extern aktör, har kunnat påverka förmågan till ”stateness” negativt när det gäller politikområdena informationsspridning och kontroll över statens gränser. Avhandlingen kan på så vis visa att det finns en påtaglig extern aspekt när det gäller olika länders förmåga att hantera sin ”stateness”.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020. p. 524
Series
Södertörn Doctoral Dissertations, ISSN 1652-7399 ; 175
Keywords
post-communism, regime change, state-building, stateness, the international actors, post-kommunism, regimförändring, stats- och nationsbyggande, stateness, internationella aktörer
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-41198 (URN)978-91-89109-11-7 (ISBN)978-91-89109-12-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2020-09-25, MA624, Alfred Nobels Allé 7, Huddinge, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Note

The public defense will also be available via Zoom.

Available from: 2020-09-02 Created: 2020-06-23 Last updated: 2023-04-03Bibliographically approved
Gherghina, S., Ekman, J. & Podolian, O. (Eds.). (2019). Democratic Innovations in Central and Eastern Europe. Abingdon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Democratic Innovations in Central and Eastern Europe
2019 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The book covers direct democracy (referendums in particular), deliberative democracy practices and e-participation – forms which are salient in practice because they match the political realities of our time. Expert contributors show how the recent actions of ordinary citizens in several Central and Eastern European countries have challenged the contemporary political order, and grassroots movements and diverse forms of mobilization have challenged the notion of weak civil societies in the East. The empirical evidence presented attempts to deepen citizen involvement in political contexts sometimes quite different from the democratic political systems in the Western world. Using lessons from a still largely underexplored part of Europe, the book both complements and revises theoretical approaches, or complements empirical results in existing studies on democratic innovations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2019. p. 132
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39703 (URN)9780367421670 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 22/2015
Note

Contemporary Politics, Vol. 25(1): Democratic innovations in Central and Eastern Europe

Available from: 2020-01-03 Created: 2020-01-03 Last updated: 2022-11-01Bibliographically approved
Gherghina, S., Ekman, J. & Podolian, O. (2019). Democratic innovations in Central and Eastern Europe: expanding the research agenda. Contemporary Politics, 25(1), 1-10
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Democratic innovations in Central and Eastern Europe: expanding the research agenda
2019 (English)In: Contemporary Politics, ISSN 1356-9775, E-ISSN 1469-3631, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Democratic innovations have recently gained momentum throughout the world. An increasing number of such practices takes place and coincides with a visible grow in the number of analyses focusing on the forms, functioning and effects of democratic innovations. In spite of these developments, a great deal of research on democratic innovations have largely neglected Central and Eastern Europe. This special issue of Contemporary Politics adds to the existing literature on democratic innovations by focusing on such attempts to deepen citizen participation in the political decision-making process in Central and Eastern Europe. Its attempt to expand the research agenda relies on new empirical evidence relative to three major forms of democratic innovations (direct democracy, deliberative democracy and citizens’ involvement with the aid of ICTs).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
Central and Eastern Europe, citizens, Democratic innovations
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36888 (URN)10.1080/13569775.2018.1543752 (DOI)000455478900001 ()2-s2.0-85057304903 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 22/2015
Available from: 2018-12-06 Created: 2018-12-06 Last updated: 2022-11-01Bibliographically approved
Podolian, O. & Romanova, V. (2018). Ukraine: The dynamics of cross-cutting cleavages during quadruple transition. In: Felix Jaitner, Tina Olteanu, Tobias Spöri (Ed.), Crises in the Post‐Soviet Space: From the dissolution of the Soviet Union to the conflict in Ukraine (pp. 103-120). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ukraine: The dynamics of cross-cutting cleavages during quadruple transition
2018 (English)In: Crises in the Post‐Soviet Space: From the dissolution of the Soviet Union to the conflict in Ukraine / [ed] Felix Jaitner, Tina Olteanu, Tobias Spöri, London: Routledge, 2018, p. 103-120Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The chapter claims that, while clearly being diverse, Ukraine is not deeply divided between East and West. Our study of the theoretical approaches and empirical evidence demonstrates that ethnicity, language, and political orientations correlate but do not necessarily match and reinforce each other. We find that Ukraine’s regionalised structure of ethnic and linguistic cleavages did not change much until Euromaidan and the outbreak of Russian aggression. However, since then, the use of Ukrainian language has increased across all regions of the country. Moreover, the number of those who identify themselves with Ukraine rather than with the locality or region they live has also increased.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2018
Series
Post-Soviet Plitics
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-42260 (URN)10.4324/9781351234467-6 (DOI)9781351234467 (ISBN)9780815377245 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-11-24 Created: 2020-11-24 Last updated: 2020-11-24Bibliographically approved
Grant, G., Horbyk, R. & Podolian, O. (2017). [A review of] Colby Howard & Ruslan Pukhov (eds), Brothers Armed: Military Aspects of the Crisis in Ukraine. Second Edition [Review]. Europe-Asia Studies, 69(10), 1678-1680
Open this publication in new window or tab >>[A review of] Colby Howard & Ruslan Pukhov (eds), Brothers Armed: Military Aspects of the Crisis in Ukraine. Second Edition
2017 (English)In: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 69, no 10, p. 1678-1680Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34257 (URN)10.1080/09668136.2017.1401823 (DOI)000423279400018 ()
Available from: 2018-01-17 Created: 2018-01-17 Last updated: 2019-10-30Bibliographically approved
Projects
Authoritarian Policy Transfer in Post-Soviet States [21-PR2-0020_OS]; Södertörn University; Publications
Antonov, O. & Podolian, O. (2023). Soft Power. Coopting Post-Soviet Youth: Russia, China, And Transnational Authoritarianism. Baltic Worlds, XVI(3), 4-7
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