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Zavatti, F. (2017). The øresund bridge from imagination to innovation. Memoria e Ricerca: Rivista di storia contemporanea, 55(2), 313-330
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The øresund bridge from imagination to innovation
2017 (English)In: Memoria e Ricerca: Rivista di storia contemporanea, ISSN 1127-0195, E-ISSN 1972-523X, Vol. 55, no 2, p. 313-330Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

After its inauguration in 2000, the Oresund bridge has allowed major mobility and flow of manpower, goods, and services between Sweden and Denmark. Was this the vision that Danes and Swedes have imagined over the past century and a half, when thinking of a bridge over the Sound? And, if so, why did it take more than one hundred years in order to start the construction of the øresundsförbindelsen? The aim of this article is to inquire how linking the two shores of the Sound, from being in the nineteenth century an idea of literates and politicians, was progressively filtered through a system of innovation to which actors and suprain-dividual social structures contributed. The study examines the political and economic ideas of the actors that have imagined the consequences of linking the two shores of the Sound: entrepreneurs, politicians, engineers, intellectuals, Swedish and Danish institutions, and the bilateral commissions. Contextualizing the idea of the link in the Swedish and Danish political history, the study offers an understanding of why the Oresund bridge has been finalized only at the end of the twentieth century. The study is based on published and unpublished sources conserved in several Swedish and Danish archives and libraries.

Keyword
Cooperation, Imagination, Oresund bridge, Scandinavia, System of innovation
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34312 (URN)2-s2.0-85040090398 (Scopus ID)
Note

Volum title: I ponti tra materia e metafora, ISBN: 978-88-15-26902-7 

Available from: 2018-03-09 Created: 2018-03-09 Last updated: 2018-03-09Bibliographically approved
Zavatti, F. (2016). Writing History in a Propaganda Institute: Political Power and Network Dynamics in Communist Romania. (Doctoral dissertation). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Writing History in a Propaganda Institute: Political Power and Network Dynamics in Communist Romania
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In 1990, the Institute for Historical and Socio-Political Studies of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party was closed, since the Party was dissolved by the Romanian Revolution. Similar institutions had existed in all countries belonging to the Soviet bloc. This Institute was founded in 1951 under the name of the Party History Institute, and modelled on the Marx-Lenin-Engels Institute in Moscow. Since then, it served the Communist Party in producing thousands of books and journals on the history of the Party and of Romania, following Party orders. Previous research has portrayed the Institute as a loyal executioner of the Party’s will, negating the agency of its history-writers in influencing the duties of the Institute. However, the recent opening of the Institute’s archive has shown that a number of internal and previously obscured dynamics impacted on its activities. This book is dedicated to the study of the Party History Institute, of the history-writers employed there, and of the narratives they produced. By studying the history-writers and their host institution, this study re-contextualizes the historiography produced under Communist rule by analysing the actual conditions under which it was written: the interrelation between dynamics of control and the struggle for resources, power and positions play a fundamental role in this history. This is the first scholarly inquiry about a highly controversial institute that struggled in order to follow the constantly shifting Party narrative canon, while competing formaterial resources with rival Party and academic institutions. The main actors in this study are the history-writers: Party veterans, young propagandists and educated historians, in conflicting networks and groups, struggled in order to gain access to the limited resources and positions provided by the Party, and in order to survive the political changes imposed by the leadership. By doing so they succeed, on many occasions, to influence the activities of the Institute.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016. p. 387
Series
Södertörn Doctoral Dissertations, ISSN 1652-7399 ; 119
Keyword
historiography, history-writing, Romania, history and power, sovereignty, communism, national-communism, resources, narrative canon, networking
National Category
History
Research subject
Historical Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29855 (URN)978-91-87843-45-7 (ISBN)978-91-87843-46-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-05-20, MA624, Alfred Nobels allé 7, Flemingsberg, 12:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-04-25 Created: 2016-04-18 Last updated: 2017-11-08Bibliographically approved
Zavatti, F. (2015). [A review of] Alexandru Ofrim, Strădi vechi din Bucureştiul de azi [Review]. Diacronie. Studi di storia Contemporanea, 22(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>[A review of] Alexandru Ofrim, Strădi vechi din Bucureştiul de azi
2015 (Italian)In: Diacronie. Studi di storia Contemporanea, ISSN 2038-0925, Vol. 22, no 2Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Historical Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29358 (URN)
External cooperation:
Note

This review is a part of the article : ZAVATTI, Francesco, «Panoramica: Romania 2014», Diacronie. Studi di Storia Contemporanea : Costruire. Rappresentazioni, relazioni, comunità, 29/06/2015, URL:< http://www.studistorici.com/2015/06/29/romania_numero_22/

Available from: 2016-01-28 Created: 2016-01-28 Last updated: 2017-11-08Bibliographically approved
Zavatti, F. (2015). [A review of] Keith Hitchins, A Concise History of Romania [Review]. Diacronie. Studi di storia Contemporanea, 22(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>[A review of] Keith Hitchins, A Concise History of Romania
2015 (Italian)In: Diacronie. Studi di storia Contemporanea, ISSN 2038-0925, Vol. 22, no 2Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Historical Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29389 (URN)
External cooperation:
Note

This review is a part of the article : ZAVATTI, Francesco, «Panoramica: Romania 2014», Diacronie. Studi di Storia Contemporanea : Costruire. Rappresentazioni, relazioni, comunità, 29/06/2015, URL:< http://www.studistorici.com/2015/06/29/romania_numero_22/

Available from: 2016-01-28 Created: 2016-01-28 Last updated: 2017-11-08Bibliographically approved
Zavatti, F. (2015). [A review of] Liliana Corobca, Controlul cărţii. Censura literaturii în regimul comunist din România [Review]. Diacronie. Studi di storia Contemporanea, 22(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>[A review of] Liliana Corobca, Controlul cărţii. Censura literaturii în regimul comunist din România
2015 (Italian)In: Diacronie. Studi di storia Contemporanea, ISSN 2038-0925, Vol. 22, no 2Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Historical Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29359 (URN)
External cooperation:
Note

This review is a part of the article : ZAVATTI, Francesco, «Panoramica: Romania 2014», Diacronie. Studi di Storia Contemporanea : Costruire. Rappresentazioni, relazioni, comunità, 29/06/2015, URL:< http://www.studistorici.com/2015/06/29/romania_numero_22/

Available from: 2016-01-28 Created: 2016-01-28 Last updated: 2017-11-08Bibliographically approved
Zavatti, F. (2015). [A review of] Lucian Boia, Suveranii României. Monarhia, o soluţie [Review]. Diacronie. Studi di storia Contemporanea, 22(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>[A review of] Lucian Boia, Suveranii României. Monarhia, o soluţie
2015 (Italian)In: Diacronie. Studi di storia Contemporanea, ISSN 2038-0925, Vol. 22, no 2Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Historical Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29361 (URN)
External cooperation:
Note

This review is a part of the article : ZAVATTI, Francesco, «Panoramica: Romania 2014», Diacronie. Studi di Storia Contemporanea : Costruire. Rappresentazioni, relazioni, comunità, 29/06/2015, URL:< http://www.studistorici.com/2015/06/29/romania_numero_22/

Available from: 2016-01-28 Created: 2016-01-28 Last updated: 2017-11-08Bibliographically approved
Zavatti, F. (2015). [A review of] Melinda Mitu, Sorin Mitu, Ungurii despre români. Naşterea unei imagini etnice [Review]. Diacronie. Studi di storia Contemporanea, 22(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>[A review of] Melinda Mitu, Sorin Mitu, Ungurii despre români. Naşterea unei imagini etnice
2015 (Italian)In: Diacronie. Studi di storia Contemporanea, ISSN 2038-0925, Vol. 22, no 2Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Historical Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29355 (URN)
External cooperation:
Note

This review is a part of the article : ZAVATTI, Francesco, «Panoramica: Romania 2014», Diacronie. Studi di Storia Contemporanea : Costruire. Rappresentazioni, relazioni, comunità, 29/06/2015, URL:< http://www.studistorici.com/2015/06/29/romania_numero_22/

Available from: 2016-01-28 Created: 2016-01-28 Last updated: 2017-11-08Bibliographically approved
Zavatti, F. (2015). [A review of] Ruxandra Cesereanu, Panopticum. Eseu despre tortură în secolul XX [Review]. Diacronie. Studi di storia Contemporanea, 22(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>[A review of] Ruxandra Cesereanu, Panopticum. Eseu despre tortură în secolul XX
2015 (Italian)In: Diacronie. Studi di storia Contemporanea, ISSN 2038-0925, Vol. 22, no 2Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Historical Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29357 (URN)
External cooperation:
Note

This review is a part of the article : ZAVATTI, Francesco, «Panoramica: Romania 2014», Diacronie. Studi di Storia Contemporanea : Costruire. Rappresentazioni, relazioni, comunità, 29/06/2015, URL:< http://www.studistorici.com/2015/06/29/romania_numero_22/

Available from: 2016-01-28 Created: 2016-01-28 Last updated: 2017-11-08Bibliographically approved
Zavatti, F. (2015). [A review of] Ştefan Bosomitu, Miron Constantinescu. O biografie [Review]. Diacronie. Studi di storia Contemporanea, 22(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>[A review of] Ştefan Bosomitu, Miron Constantinescu. O biografie
2015 (Italian)In: Diacronie. Studi di storia Contemporanea, ISSN 2038-0925, Vol. 22, no 2Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Historical Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29277 (URN)
External cooperation:
Note

This review is a part of the article : ZAVATTI, Francesco, «Panoramica: Romania 2014», Diacronie. Studi di Storia Contemporanea : Costruire. Rappresentazioni, relazioni, comunità, 29/06/2015, URL:< http://www.studistorici.com/2015/06/29/romania_numero_22/

Available from: 2016-01-22 Created: 2016-01-22 Last updated: 2017-11-08Bibliographically approved
Zavatti, F. (2015). Fusing the Horizons: A Criticism of Archival Sources and Oral and Written Accounts in the Study of the History of the Historiography of Communist Romania. Archiva Moldaviae, VII, 255-274
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fusing the Horizons: A Criticism of Archival Sources and Oral and Written Accounts in the Study of the History of the Historiography of Communist Romania
2015 (English)In: Archiva Moldaviae, ISSN 2067-3930, Vol. VII, p. 255-274Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article is a contribution to the understanding of the bias and limitations that different kind of sources offer to the researcher in the contemporary history. Specifically, the study addresses how the researcher poses him/herself in front of the problems generated by different kinds of source materials, acknowledging Hans-Georg Gadamer’s Truth and Method, and proposes how to deal with the different kind of narratives proposed by the sources. The specific field of investigation chosen for this study is the history of historiography under communism, and specifically of the History Institute of the Romanian Communism Party, a central party institution for history-writing existing in Romania between 1951 and 1990. The researcher has at his/her disposition different typologies of sources for this study, first of all the archival sources conserved at the National Archives of Romania (the archive of the Institute, the funds of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party, the familial fund of the Institute’s director, Ion Popescu-Puţuri), and the funds present at the National Council for the Study of the Securitate Archives on the Institute’s historians. The article demonstrates, relying on a consolidated tradition of historical methodology, that these sources offer several limitations: they already offer a narrative, they are incomplete, and they have been subject to manipulation. A second resource for the historian are the memoires of the historians of the communist period, working at the Institute or in similar institutions. This second kind of sources, analysed trough the instruments offered by memory studies and post-colonial studies, is considerate as biased for numerous reasons: they were written after 1989, in some cases with an apologetic or justificatory intent; the researcher cannot easily distinguish information from the affection of memory, which is generated by the collective and vernacular memory that has been created after 1989. The authors of these autobiographies have imagined and framed the materials of their memory according to the discourses elaborated by a series of social frameworks (and networks) in which they lived, including the national one, and they contributed with their memories to the forging of a new image of the networks in which they are inserted. A third kind of sources is offered by the methodology of oral history, namely interviews with former historians of the Institute. In this case, the advantage for the researcher to create ad hoc sources for the purposes of the study is counterbalanced by the limitations of these sources, which are the same as for the autobiographies, with the addition of the performative aspect that is contextual within the interview. The article concludes that no source can claim the status of “truth”. Therefore, the distance between different typologies of sources result to be shortened. In conclusion, the researcher has only partially the possibility to obviate the bias offered by the sources with a strong research question. The researcher’s only possibility to establish a new narrative on a topic is to merge the horizon and the research questions and expectations with the narrative presented by the sources, as explained by Gadamer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Iasi, Romania: Archiva Moldaviae, 2015
Keyword
history-writing, historiography, Romania, communism, post-communism, Romanian Communist Party, History Institute, source criticism, memory studies, post-colonial studies, oral history, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Institute for Historical and Socio-Political Studies, ISISP, communism, nationalism, Securitate, archives of communism.
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Historical Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29075 (URN)
Funder
Helge Ax:son Johnsons stiftelse
Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2017-11-08Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7639-5374

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