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Kotljarchuk, A. (2018). Roma and Travellers in Sweden during World War II: Registration, experts and racial cleansing policy-making in a transnational context: Working paper presented at the 2016 Nordic Conference on Romani Studies, Södertörn University. Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Roma and Travellers in Sweden during World War II: Registration, experts and racial cleansing policy-making in a transnational context: Working paper presented at the 2016 Nordic Conference on Romani Studies, Södertörn University
2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

On September 23, 2013, the leading Swedish daily newspaper, Dagens Nyheter, published a front-page story revealing that a classified listing of Roma had been found on a server belonging to the regional police of Skåne. The illegal database comprised a register of 4,029 persons of Romani descent, more than 1,000 of whom were children living all over Sweden. This news understandably elicited horrified reactions in Sweden and throughout the world. But how exceptional is the concept of such a register to Sweden? To answer this question, we must examine Sweden’s treatment of Romani people during World War II.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2018. p. 24
Series
Working Paper, ISSN 1404-1480 ; 2018:1
National Category
History
Research subject
Historical Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34742 (URN)
Available from: 2018-03-09 Created: 2018-03-09 Last updated: 2018-07-18Bibliographically approved
Kotljarchuk, A. & Sundström, O. (Eds.). (2017). Ethnic and Religious Minorities in Stalin’s Soviet Union: New Dimensions of Research (1ed.). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethnic and Religious Minorities in Stalin’s Soviet Union: New Dimensions of Research
2017 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This anthology presents studies of Stalinism in the ethnic and religious borderlands of the Soviet Union. The authors not only cover hitherto less researched geographical areas, but have also addressed new questions and added new source material. Most of the contributors to this anthology use a micro-historical approach. With this approach, it is not the entire area of the country, with millions of separate individuals that are in focus but rather particular and cohesive ethnic and religious communities.

Micro-history does not mean ignoring a macro-historical perspective. What happened on the local level had an all-Union context, and communism was a European-wide phenomenon. This means that the history of minorities in the Soviet Union during Stalin’s rule cannot be grasped outside the national and international context; aspects which are also considered in this volume. The chapters of the book are case studies on various minority groups, both ethnic and religious. In this way, the book gives a more complex picture of the causes and effects of the state-run mass violence during Stalinism.

The publication is the outcome of a multidisciplinary international research network lead by Andrej Kotljarchuk (Södertörn University, Sweden) and Olle Sundström (Umeå University, Sweden) and consisting of specialists from Estonia, France, Germany, Russia, Sweden, Ukraine and the United States. These scholars represent various disciplines: Anthropology, Cultural Studies, History and the History of Religions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017. p. 283 Edition: 1
Series
Södertörn Academic Studies, ISSN 1650-433X ; 72
Series
Northern Studies Monographs, ISSN 2000-0405 ; 5
National Category
History
Research subject
Historical Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33791 (URN)735/42/2012 (Local ID)978-91-7601-777-7 (ISBN)735/42/2012 (Archive number)735/42/2012 (OAI)
Projects
Soviet Nordic Minorities and Ethnic Cleansings on the Kola Peninsula
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 735/42/2012
Available from: 2017-12-12 Created: 2017-12-12 Last updated: 2017-12-20Bibliographically approved
Kotljarchuk, A. & Sundström, O. (2017). Introduction: The Problem of Ethnic and Religious Minorities in Stalin's Soviet Union. In: Andrej Kotljarchuk; Olle Sundström (Ed.), Ethnic and Religious Minorities in Stalin's Soviet Union: New Dimensions of Research (pp. 15-30). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction: The Problem of Ethnic and Religious Minorities in Stalin's Soviet Union
2017 (English)In: Ethnic and Religious Minorities in Stalin's Soviet Union: New Dimensions of Research / [ed] Andrej Kotljarchuk; Olle Sundström, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017, p. 15-30Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017
Series
Södertörn Academic Studies, ISSN 1650-433X ; 72
Series
Northern Studies Monographs, ISSN 2000-0405 ; 5
National Category
History
Research subject
Historical Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33894 (URN)735/42/2012 (Local ID)978-91-7601-777-7 (ISBN)735/42/2012 (Archive number)735/42/2012 (OAI)
Projects
Soviet Nordic Minorities and Ethnic Cleansings on the Kola Peninsula
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 735/42/2012
Available from: 2017-12-14 Created: 2017-12-14 Last updated: 2017-12-20Bibliographically approved
Kotljarchuk, A. (2017). Nordic fishermen in the Soviet Union: Ethnic Purges and the Cleansing of the Cultural Landscape. In: K. Alenius & M. Enbuske (Ed.), The Barents and the Baltic Sea Region: Contacts, Influences and Social Change (pp. 39-56). Rovaniemi: Pohjois-Suomen historiallinen yhdistys
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nordic fishermen in the Soviet Union: Ethnic Purges and the Cleansing of the Cultural Landscape
2017 (English)In: The Barents and the Baltic Sea Region: Contacts, Influences and Social Change / [ed] K. Alenius & M. Enbuske, Rovaniemi: Pohjois-Suomen historiallinen yhdistys , 2017, p. 39-56Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Rovaniemi: Pohjois-Suomen historiallinen yhdistys, 2017
Series
Studia Historica Septentrionalia ; 77
National Category
History
Research subject
Historical Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34043 (URN)735/42/2012 (Local ID)978-952-9888-60-3 (ISBN)735/42/2012 (Archive number)735/42/2012 (OAI)
Projects
Soviet Nordic Minorities and Ethnic Cleansings on the Kola Peninsula
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Available from: 2018-01-08 Created: 2018-01-08 Last updated: 2018-01-08Bibliographically approved
Kotljarchuk, A. (2017). Propaganda of Hatred and the Great Terror: A Nordic Approach. In: Andrej Kotljarchuk; Olle Sundström (Ed.), Ethnic and Religious Minorities in Stalin's Soviet Union: New Dimensions of Research (pp. 91-121). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Propaganda of Hatred and the Great Terror: A Nordic Approach
2017 (English)In: Ethnic and Religious Minorities in Stalin's Soviet Union: New Dimensions of Research / [ed] Andrej Kotljarchuk; Olle Sundström, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017, p. 91-121Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017
Series
Södertörn Academic Studies, ISSN 1650-433X ; 72
Series
Northern Studies Monographs, ISSN 2000-0405 ; 5
National Category
History
Research subject
Historical Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33895 (URN)735/42/2012 (Local ID)978-91-7601-777-7 (ISBN)735/42/2012 (Archive number)735/42/2012 (OAI)
Projects
Soviet Nordic Minorities and Ethnic Cleansings on the Kola Peninsula
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 735/42/2012
Available from: 2017-12-14 Created: 2017-12-14 Last updated: 2017-12-20Bibliographically approved
Kotljarchuk, A. (2017). Review of Walke, Anika, Pioneers and Partisans: An Oral History of Nazi Genocide in Belorussia. [Review]. H-Net Reviews in the Humanities and Social Sciences (april)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Review of Walke, Anika, Pioneers and Partisans: An Oral History of Nazi Genocide in Belorussia.
2017 (English)In: H-Net Reviews in the Humanities and Social Sciences, ISSN 1538-0661, no aprilArticle, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Historical Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34053 (URN)3145-3.1.1-2017 (Local ID)3145-3.1.1-2017 (Archive number)3145-3.1.1-2017 (OAI)
Projects
Memory Politics in Far Right Europe: Celebrating Nazi Collaborationists in Post-1989 Belarus, Romania, Flanders and Denmark
Available from: 2018-01-09 Created: 2018-01-09 Last updated: 2018-01-09Bibliographically approved
Kotljarchuk, A. & Werther, S. (2017). Roma and Travellers ofSweden during World War II: Registration, experts and racial cleansing policy-making in transnational context. In: : . Paper presented at 29th Congress of Nordic Historians, Aalborg University, Denmark, 15-18 August 2017..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Roma and Travellers ofSweden during World War II: Registration, experts and racial cleansing policy-making in transnational context
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Since the mid-1930s, theNazi regime concerned itself with the systematic registration and identificationof Roma. At the 1935 Copenhagen Interpol Conference participating states backedthe initiative proposed by the German police regarding the creation of aninternational registry of Roma. It had been easier to classify Jews for recordsheld by religious communities were readily available to the state. Many Roma inEurope were nomadic and ID-less. The study focuses on measures ofidentification and registration of Roma undertaken in sovereign Sweden and therole of experts and census takers in transnational context. On 25 September1942, the government of Sweden ordered inventory of Roma and Travellers. Thepurpose of the registration was to solve “a problem” by mapping both thesegroups. In Sweden the census did not proceed smoothly, because of the conflictswithin the experts’ community. The paper focuses on the transnational studiesof registration of Roma undertaken in the fully-sovereign Sweden and the roleof experts in ‘scientific’ legitimation of this process.

Keywords
roma, registration, experts, race-making policy, Sweden
National Category
History
Research subject
Historical Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34167 (URN)
Conference
29th Congress of Nordic Historians, Aalborg University, Denmark, 15-18 August 2017.
Projects
Police, Experts and Race: Handling the "Gypsy Plague" in Denmark, Sweden and Latvia, 1930-1945
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 2015/3.1.1/748
Available from: 2018-01-15 Created: 2018-01-15 Last updated: 2018-01-31Bibliographically approved
Kotljarchuk, A. (2017). Scandinavian and Finnish settlements on the Kola Peninsula: history and the sites of memory. In: Sergei Nikonov (Ed.), Conference proceeding Murman and Russian Arctic: history, present and future: . Paper presented at Murman and Russian Arctic: history, present and future, Murmansk, September 26-28, 2016. (pp. 77-188). Murmansk: Murmansk Artic State University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Scandinavian and Finnish settlements on the Kola Peninsula: history and the sites of memory
2017 (Russian)In: Conference proceeding Murman and Russian Arctic: history, present and future / [ed] Sergei Nikonov, Murmansk: Murmansk Artic State University , 2017, p. 77-188Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The paper summarizes the results of the study of Scandinavian and Finnish settlements on the Kola Peninsula supported by the Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies and Södertörn University as a part of the research project “Soviet Nordic Minorities and Ethnic Cleansing on the Kola Peninsula” led by Associate Professor Andrej Kotljarchuk. The focus of this article is on the representation of Kola-Nordic history as well as on the Nordic sites of memory in today’s Russia

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Murmansk: Murmansk Artic State University, 2017
Keywords
Soviet Nordic minorities, Soviet nationalities politics, Kola Peninsula, sites of memory, cultural landscape
National Category
History
Research subject
Historical Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31356 (URN)735/42/2012 (Local ID)735/42/2012 (Archive number)735/42/2012 (OAI)
Conference
Murman and Russian Arctic: history, present and future, Murmansk, September 26-28, 2016.
Projects
Soviet Nordic Minorities and Ethnic Cleansings on the Kola Peninsula
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 735/42/2012
Available from: 2016-12-14 Created: 2016-12-14 Last updated: 2018-01-09Bibliographically approved
Kotljarchuk, A. (2017). World War II and the Registration of Roma in Sweden: The Role of Experts and Census-Takers. Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 31(3), 457-479
Open this publication in new window or tab >>World War II and the Registration of Roma in Sweden: The Role of Experts and Census-Takers
2017 (English)In: Holocaust and Genocide Studies, ISSN 8756-6583, E-ISSN 1476-7937, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 457-479Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

On September 25, 1942, the government of Sweden ordered a census of Roma and Travellers in the country. The mapping of these groups was to serve as a first step towards solving the perceived "Gypsy problem." The census did not proceed smoothly, mainly because of conflicts within the scholarly community. On the basis of studies undertaken in fully sovereign Sweden during the World War II period, the author of this article clarifies the role "experts" played in the "scientific" legitimization of the registration process.

National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34020 (URN)10.1093/hgs/dcx050 (DOI)000418200400004 ()2-s2.0-85040193628 (Scopus ID)2015/3.1.1/748 (Local ID)2015/3.1.1/748 (Archive number)2015/3.1.1/748 (OAI)
Projects
Police, Experts and Race: Handling the "Gypsy Plague" in Denmark, Sweden and Latvia, 1930-1945
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Available from: 2018-01-04 Created: 2018-01-04 Last updated: 2018-01-22Bibliographically approved
Kotljarchuk, A. (2016). Ethnic cleansings and Russification. In: Mats-Olov Olsson (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 1, A-M (pp. 189-191). Oslo: Pax Forlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethnic cleansings and Russification
2016 (English)In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 1, A-M / [ed] Mats-Olov Olsson, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 189-191Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Barents Encyclopedia will present comprehensive information about the progress of the Barents Region Project, the project to establish international collaboration across national borders through innovative organizational conceptualizations, an active promotion of a transborder regional identity, and the introduction of new forms of regional governance in the most densely populated and industrialized part of the Arctic.

Articles in the encyclopedia will discuss the historical roots of current developments and review the cultural, socio-economic, and political prerequisites for a continued and intensified transborder interaction among citizens inhabiting the Barents Region, a territory so designated through the signing of the 1993 Kirkenes Declaration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016
Keywords
Soviet ethnic cleansings, Nordic minorities, Barents Sea region.
National Category
History
Research subject
Historical Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-24670 (URN)735/42/2012 (Local ID)978-82-530-3858-2 (ISBN)735/42/2012 (Archive number)735/42/2012 (OAI)
Projects
The Nordic Threat: Soviet Ethnic Cleansing on the Kola Peninsula
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 735/42/2012
Available from: 2014-09-23 Created: 2014-09-23 Last updated: 2018-01-16Bibliographically approved
Projects
The Roma Genocide in Ukraine 1941-44: History, memories and representations. [A041-2011_OSS]; Södertörn UniversityPolice, Experts and Race: Handling the Gypsy Plague in Denmark, Sweden and Latvia, 1930-1945 [38/2015_OSS]; Södertörn UniversityMemory Politics in Far Right Europe: Celebrating Nazi Collaborationists in Post-1989 Belarus, Romania, Flanders and Denmark [40/2017_OSS]; Södertörn University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9741-2145

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