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Hansson, K., Sveningsson, M. & Ganetz, H. (2024). #MeToo in the Manosphere: The Formation of a Counter Discourse on the Swedish Online Forum Flashback. NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>#MeToo in the Manosphere: The Formation of a Counter Discourse on the Swedish Online Forum Flashback
2024 (English)In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, a relative consensus of liberal and feminist values has long been dominant in public discourse. This could be observed in coverage of the #MeToo movement, which was largely presented in a positive light by legacy media, where critical voices were instead found on alternative and social media. This article contributes to a more nuanced understanding of the impact of #MeToo beyond the mainstream discourse by investigating how #MeToo was discussed on the online forum Flashback during the period spanning October-December 2017. Our findings show how the #MeToo debate in this forum reproduced an anti-feminist discourse from the manosphere but also challenged it, as attitudes towards sexual harassment were negotiated and reframed in dialogue with mainstream media. #MeToo thus also contributed to an increased awareness about sexual harassment in this context. However, while a feminist agenda was being strengthened in legacy media, the anti-feminist views on Flashback became more pronounced. Interestingly, while the dominant feminist discourse around Swedish #MeToo avoided the concept "feminism", it was often used in this counter discourse on Flashback, where it signified a hated, albeit powerful and transformative, force in society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2024
Keywords
#MeToo, anti-feminism, feminism, counter discourse, manosphere
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-53817 (URN)10.1080/08038740.2024.2330381 (DOI)001195141500001 ()2-s2.0-85189802904 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018-01824_VR
Available from: 2024-04-15 Created: 2024-04-15 Last updated: 2024-04-16Bibliographically approved
Hansson, K., Ganetz, H. & Sveningsson, M. (2024). The significance of feminist infrastructure: #MeToo in the construction industry and the green industry in Sweden. Gender, Work and Organization, 31(3), 1092-1112
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The significance of feminist infrastructure: #MeToo in the construction industry and the green industry in Sweden
2024 (English)In: Gender, Work and Organization, ISSN 0968-6673, E-ISSN 1468-0432, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 1092-1112Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To better understand the interplay between digital activism and feminist infrastructure, this study investigates #MeToo activism in the Swedish construction industry and green industry. Both are industries in transition characterized by a dissonance between formal incentives, that encourage women and others to work in environments previously dominated by white men, and the informal power structures hosting a toxic masculinity. Based on media texts and interviews with key persons from the industries, the article situates #MeToo in a local context and shows how it was embedded in a supportive social, cultural, and technical infrastructure. In both industries, at the time of #MeToo this feminist infrastructure was already in place consisting of: an awareness of the problem of sexual harassment and abuse, knowledge of feminist explanatory models, established feminist online networks, and a supportive feminist culture, which together with widespread digital and feminist literacy became instrumental in the organization of the movement. Social media connected activists and created a critical mass by supporting the uniting of conflicting identity positions around shared differences. The established feminist infrastructure meant that the #MeToo activism, by articulating a widespread affective dissonance, pushed open doors that were already half open and forced them wide. This can explain some of the movement's success in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2024
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51402 (URN)10.1111/gwao.12994 (DOI)000968753800001 ()2-s2.0-85152449890 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018‐01824
Available from: 2023-05-02 Created: 2023-05-02 Last updated: 2024-05-13Bibliographically approved
Hansson, K., Bardzell, S., Bhandari, A., Boulicault, M., Doyle, D. T., Erete, S., . . . Watson, J. (2023). A Toolbox of Feminist Wonder: Theories and Methods That Can Make a Difference. In: Casey Fiesler; Loren Terveen; Morgan Ames; Susan Fussell; Eric Gilbert; Vera Liao; Xiaojuan Ma; Xinru Page; Mark Rouncefield; Vivek Singh; Pamela Wisniewski (Ed.), CSCW ’23 Companion: Companion Publication of the 2023 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing. Paper presented at CSCW ’23, Minneapolis, October 14-18, 2023. (pp. 476-480). New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Toolbox of Feminist Wonder: Theories and Methods That Can Make a Difference
Show others...
2023 (English)In: CSCW ’23 Companion: Companion Publication of the 2023 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing / [ed] Casey Fiesler; Loren Terveen; Morgan Ames; Susan Fussell; Eric Gilbert; Vera Liao; Xiaojuan Ma; Xinru Page; Mark Rouncefield; Vivek Singh; Pamela Wisniewski, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2023, p. 476-480Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This one-day hybrid workshop builds on previous feminist CSCW workshops to explore feminist theoretical and methodological approaches that have provided us with useful tools to see things differently and make space for change. Since its inception over a decade ago, feminist HCI has progressed from the margins to mainstream HCI, with numerous references in the literature. Feminist HCI has also evolved to incorporate other critical HCI practices such as Queer HCI, participatory design, and speculative design. While feminist approaches have grown in popularity and become mainstream, it is getting more difficult to distinguish the feminist emancipatory core from other attempts of developing and improving society in various ways. In this workshop, we therefore want to revisit our feminist roots, where theory is a liberatory and creative practice, motivated by affect, curiosity, and wonder. From this standpoint, we consider which of our feminist tools can make a significant difference today, in a highly datafied world. The goal of this workshop is to; 1) create an inventory of feminist theories and concepts that have had an impact on our work as designers, educators, researchers, and activists; 2) develop a feminist toolbox for the CSCW community to strengthen our feminist literacy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2023
Keywords
Care, Feminist HCI, Intersectionality, Decolonization, Feminist wonder
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52584 (URN)10.1145/3584931.3611295 (DOI)2-s2.0-85176250268 (Scopus ID)979-8-4007-0129-0 (ISBN)
Conference
CSCW ’23, Minneapolis, October 14-18, 2023.
Available from: 2023-10-30 Created: 2023-10-30 Last updated: 2023-11-22Bibliographically approved
Normark, M., Hansson, K. & Jacobsson, M. (2023). Defending human rights in the era of datafication. In: AoIR Selected Papers of Internet Research: . Paper presented at AoIR2023: The 24th Annual Conference of the Association of Internet Researchers Philadelphia, PA, USA, October 18-21, 2023.. The Association of Internet Researchers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Defending human rights in the era of datafication
2023 (English)In: AoIR Selected Papers of Internet Research, The Association of Internet Researchers , 2023Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we explore how activists and human rights defenders deal with datafication. This work demonstrates how data can be a valuable resource in activism and campaign planning. In addition, data and lack of data also complicate daily life for people in vulnerable positions, for example, when contacting government agencies, schools, and medical facilities . Data from four types of human rights activism formed the basis of our analysis. They include volunteers and employees of NGOs dealing with refugee and migrant issues, homelessness, poverty, sexual minorities, and women's shelters. The study was done in Sweden, where the GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) laws limit the handling and storage of personal data. The following five major themes emerge from the analysis of data from our interview study: Affording personal integrity, Data poverty, Protective data practices, Drawing attention to data, and Systems and data routines. In addition, this study shows how activists and the organizations that they support are exposed to contradictory aspects of data; on one hand, deliberately exposing data about marginalized/minoritized groups, while on the other, making sure those groups, along with activists themselves, are not exposed. Most important, the data laws and regulations are not adjusted to the needs of the most vulnerable in society, and therefore, actions of civil disobedience are necessary to care for vulnerable populations through data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Association of Internet Researchers, 2023
Series
AoIR Selected Papers of Internet Research, E-ISSN 2162-3317 ; 2023
National Category
Media Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-53704 (URN)10.5210/spir.v2023i0.13473 (DOI)
Conference
AoIR2023: The 24th Annual Conference of the Association of Internet Researchers Philadelphia, PA, USA, October 18-21, 2023.
Available from: 2024-03-19 Created: 2024-03-19 Last updated: 2024-03-19Bibliographically approved
Hansson, K. (2023). Metadata as imaginary demands: Exploring metadata markets in digital heritage with speculative design. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Metadata as imaginary demands: Exploring metadata markets in digital heritage with speculative design
2023 (English)In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Cultural heritage practices is formed by different socio-technical regimes. Today, it is increasingly formed by the regime of commodification, expressed in terms like interoperability and reuse. This signifies a shift from a regime of the authentic object where the value is in the unique object positioned in a particular institutional context. To be able to exploit cultural heritage items on digital markets detached from their position in their original context, large resources are needed to furnish the items with metadata. In this metadata production, the regime of the institution as guarantor for the objects' authenticity, clash with the regime of aggregated trust, where authenticity is confirmed by aggregating data from multiple producers. This article argue that such rich contextual information is what creates long-term value for digital archival objects. In this speculative design project focusing humanities research needs, I therefore turn the attention to the metadata producers. Taking the idea of metadata as a commodity to its peak, I show how we can interpret metadata as a supply to meet imaginary demands. By looking at metadata as imaginary demands we can begin to see the contours of the diverse conceptual models the archives carry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51647 (URN)10.1002/asi.24806 (DOI)001005166300001 ()2-s2.0-85161719944 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Sharing the Visual Heritage
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018‐06057
Available from: 2023-06-13 Created: 2023-06-13 Last updated: 2024-05-17Bibliographically approved
Hansson, K., Sveningsson, M. & Ganetz, H. (2023). #metoo-aktivismen i Sverige: Förklaringar, betydelser och strategier. Angered: Jämställdhetsmyndigheten
Open this publication in new window or tab >>#metoo-aktivismen i Sverige: Förklaringar, betydelser och strategier
2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Angered: Jämställdhetsmyndigheten, 2023. p. 25
Series
Underlagsrapport ; 2023:5
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51403 (URN)
Available from: 2023-05-02 Created: 2023-05-02 Last updated: 2023-05-05Bibliographically approved
Grundell Gachoud, V., Näslund Dahlgren, A. & Hansson, K. (2023). Sami traces: Diversity and curatorial workarounds in image archives. In: Danilo Giglitto; Luigina Ciolfi; Eleanor Lockley; Eirini Kaldeli (Ed.), Digital Approaches to Inclusion and Participation in Cultural Heritage: Insights from Research and Practice in Europe (pp. 181-206). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sami traces: Diversity and curatorial workarounds in image archives
2023 (English)In: Digital Approaches to Inclusion and Participation in Cultural Heritage: Insights from Research and Practice in Europe / [ed] Danilo Giglitto; Luigina Ciolfi; Eleanor Lockley; Eirini Kaldeli, London: Routledge, 2023, p. 181-206Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter presents a study of how metadata shapes the conditions of cultural heritage representation, focusing on Sami images in the online archive of the Swedish National Heritage Board. Datasets from the in-house database Kulturmiljöbild and the social media platform Flickr Commons are gathered and interpreted using cross-disciplinary methods within a framework of critical data studies where participation and performativity are key. The study uncovers how different metadata structures and practices facilitate different narratives that both hide and highlight Sami markers. Four workaround strategies in relation to diversity are identified, i.e., means to resolve or bypass limitations to the spectrum of perspectives expressed in image descriptions: omission, abstraction, translation, and hyperbole. This typology demonstrates how metadata affects diversity by governing image searches online textually and visually, thus contributing important insights into the rhetorical dynamic between interface and infrastructure in archives where dominant narratives are limiting commitments to diversity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2023
National Category
Media and Communication Technology Art History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50609 (URN)10.4324/9781003277606-10 (DOI)2-s2.0-8514840013 (Scopus ID)9781003277606 (ISBN)9781032234380 (ISBN)9781032234397 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-01-11 Created: 2023-01-11 Last updated: 2023-03-06Bibliographically approved
Hansson, K. (2023). Visual methods for desire and wonder in the digital heritage. Feminist Review, 135(1), 162-180
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Visual methods for desire and wonder in the digital heritage
2023 (English)In: Feminist Review, ISSN 0141-7789, E-ISSN 1466-4380, Vol. 135, no 1, p. 162-180Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The digitalisation of cultural heritage creates expectations for improved research methods and more diverse and inclusive memory institutions. However, it is difficult to take advantage of the opportunities the quantification might give owing to deficient and inadequate metadata. The diversity of standards and wilfulness in different historical archive practices creates problems when aggregating data from various sources. The ambition to create more diverse and inclusive memory institutions, compensating for the historical lack of justice, also creates the risk of excluding important contexts from the digital collections. To develop research methods that take this archival wilfulness into account, in this study I have used speculative design to explore images from Europeana, the digital archive that aggregates data from memory institutions all over Europe. Instead of seeing this archive as something lacking in terms of shared standards and inclusive vocabularies, I suggest we see Europeana as a queer collection of wilful archival practices, by showing the desires and imaginations represented in the archival context. By contrasting the visual content of an image with the metadata that describes the image, the norms and desires in the archival practice come into focus, as the metadata points out what at the time was considered interesting about an image, and the reason the photograph was taken. Images described as ‘Swedes’, for example, rarely show pictures of Swedes in Sweden. Swedes are described as Swedes when they are outside Sweden. It is the exotic and foreign that are categorised. Most importantly, the person who controls the camera is not in the picture, but the choice of perspective and the metadata description of the image tell us something about the photographer’s and archivist’s will and desires. By visually reversing the perspective and making visible both norms and deviations, I show how one can approach this digital heritage with a methodology of feminist wonder.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023
Keywords
digital heritage, visual methods, feminist wonder, metadata, speculative design
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52858 (URN)10.1177/01417789231201860 (DOI)
Projects
The Politics of Metadata
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2019-2023
Available from: 2023-12-13 Created: 2023-12-13 Last updated: 2023-12-13Bibliographically approved
Hansson, K., Claesson, N. & Kentros, G. (Eds.). (2022). After Work: a book about the meaning of work. Stockholm: Ruin Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>After Work: a book about the meaning of work
2022 (English)Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

Economic stress under wage-earning has been abolished. Machines and AI have taken over dirty, heavy and tedious work. Money and social injustice are banned. All the technological resources of humanity can be used to reset the global economy to harmonize with ecology. Free citizens can spend their time in leisure practicing music, art, and poetry.

Visions of the future are already here. But is it a utopia that we are seeing materializing around us or a dystopia? What will happen to people when nobody wants their labor? Does there already exist a firm border between those who have a job, with all that it entails in social and economic benefits, and the people that are on the other side of the fence- the people that have to sell their work by the hour, and who in practice are modern slaves under apps and SMS? A division between people who can safely work from home during a pandemic and those who cannot. Is everything for sale? Can you sell voluntary labour? These are some of the questions discussed in the art projects documented in this book.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Ruin Förlag, 2022. p. 195
Keywords
artistic research, artistic methodology, work relations, creative labor
National Category
Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-48485 (URN)9789188241177 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-02055
Available from: 2022-02-22 Created: 2022-02-25 Last updated: 2022-04-28Bibliographically approved
Hansson, K. (2022). After Work: An introduction. In: Karin Hansson; Nils Claesson; George Kentros (Ed.), After Work: a book about the meaning of work (pp. 7-17). Stockholm: Ruin förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>After Work: An introduction
2022 (English)In: After Work: a book about the meaning of work / [ed] Karin Hansson; Nils Claesson; George Kentros, Stockholm: Ruin förlag , 2022, p. 7-17Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Ruin förlag, 2022
National Category
Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-48488 (URN)9789188241177 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-02055
Available from: 2022-02-25 Created: 2022-02-25 Last updated: 2022-04-28Bibliographically approved
Projects
#metoo activism in Sweden: Development, consequences, strategies [2018-01824_VR]; Södertörn University; Publications
Hansson, K., Sveningsson, M. & Ganetz, H. (2024). #MeToo in the Manosphere: The Formation of a Counter Discourse on the Swedish Online Forum Flashback. NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender ResearchHansson, K., Ganetz, H. & Sveningsson, M. (2024). The significance of feminist infrastructure: #MeToo in the construction industry and the green industry in Sweden. Gender, Work and Organization, 31(3), 1092-1112Hansson, K., Sveningsson, M. & Ganetz, H. (2023). #metoo-aktivismen i Sverige: Förklaringar, betydelser och strategier. Angered: JämställdhetsmyndighetenHansson, K., Sveningsson, M. & Ganetz, H. (2022). Att legitimera en feministisk agenda: #metoo-uppropen i svenska nyhetsmedier. In: Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson (Ed.), Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige (pp. 127-141). Lund: Nordic Academic PressSveningsson, M., Ganetz, H. & Hansson, K. (2022). #deadline och sexuella trakasserier bland svenska journalister: Förklaringar, konsekvenser och strategier. In: Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson (Ed.), Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige (pp. 227-254). Lund: Nordic Academic PressHansson, K., Ganetz, H. & Sveningsson, M. (2022). Feministiska infrastrukturer: #sistaspikenikistan och #skiljagnarnafrånvetet. In: Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson (Ed.), Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige (pp. 303-327). Lund: Nordic Academic PressGanetz, H., Hansson, K. & Sveningsson, M. (Eds.). (2022). Maktordningar och motstånd: forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige. Lund: Nordic Academic PressGanetz, H., Hansson, K. & Sveningsson, M. (2022). #metoo – ett tvärsnitt genom samhället. In: Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson (Ed.), Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige (pp. 7-20). Lund: Nordic Academic PressSveningsson, M., Hansson, K. & Ganetz, H. (2022). ”Något annat än ’vem ska hängas ut nu?’”: En innehållsanalys av svenska tidningars rapportering före och under uppropen. In: Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson (Ed.), Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige (pp. 21-61). Lund: Nordic Academic PressHansson, K., Pargman, T. C. & Bardzell, S. (2021). Materializing activism. Computer Supported Cooperative Work: The Journal of Collaborative Computing and Work Practices, 30, 617-626
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5962-1536

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