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Kniola, Barbara
Publications (3 of 3) Show all publications
Appelgren, H., Kniola, B. & Ekwall, K. (2003). Distinct centromere domain structures with separate functions demonstrated in live fission yeast cells. Journal of Cell Science, 116(19), 4035-4042
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Distinct centromere domain structures with separate functions demonstrated in live fission yeast cells
2003 (English)In: Journal of Cell Science, ISSN 0021-9533, E-ISSN 1477-9137, Vol. 116, no 19, p. 4035-4042Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Fission yeast (Saccharomyces pombe) centromere DNA is organized in a central core region flanked on either side by a region of outer repeat (otr) sequences. The otr region is known to be heterochromatic and bound by the Swi6 protein whereas the central core region contains an unusual chromatin structure involving the histone H3 variant Cnp1 (S. pombe CENP-A). The central core is the base for formation of the kinetochore structure whereas the flanking region is important for sister centromere cohesion. We have previously shown that the ultrastructural domain structure of S. pombe centromeres in interphase is similar to that of human centromeres. Here we demonstrate that S. pombe centromeres are organized in cytologically distinct domains even in mitosis. Fluorescence in situ hybridization of fixed metaphase cells revealed that the otr regions of the centromere were still held together by cohesion even after the sister kinetochores had separated. In live cells, the central cores and kinetochores of sister chromosomes could be distinguished from one Another when they were subjected to mitotic tension. The function of the different centromeric domains was addressed. Transacting mutations affecting the kinetochore (nuf2) central core domain (mis6) and the heterochromatin domain (rik1) were analyzed in live cells. In interphase, both nuf2 and mis6 caused declustering of centromeres from the spindle pole body whereas centromere clustering was normal in rik1 despite an apparent decondensation defect. The declustering of centromeres in mis6 cells correlated with loss the Ndc80 kinetochore marker protein from the centromeres. Interestingly the declustered centromeres were still restricted to the nuclear periphery thus revealing a kinetochore-independent peripheral localization mechanism for heterochromatin. Time-lapse microscopy of live mis6 and nuf2-1 mutant cells in mitosis showed similar severe misaggregation phenotypes whereas the rik1 mutants showed a mild cohesion defect. Thus, S. pombe centromeres have two distinguishable domains even during mitosis, and our functional analyses support the previous observations that the kinetochore/central core and the heterochromatin domains have distinct functions both in interphase and mitosis.

National Category
Cell Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-15533 (URN)10.1242/jcs.00707 (DOI)000187395100022 ()12928332 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-0142042826 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2012-02-21 Created: 2012-02-21 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Provost, P., Silverstein, R. A., Dishart, D., Walfridsson, J., Djupedal, I., Kniola, B., . . . Ekwall, K. (2002). Dicer is required for chromosome segregation and gene silencing in fission yeast cells. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 99(26), 16648-16653
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dicer is required for chromosome segregation and gene silencing in fission yeast cells
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2002 (English)In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 99, no 26, p. 16648-16653Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

RNA interference is a form of gene silencing in which the nuclease Dicer cleaves double-stranded RNA into small interfering RNAs. Here we report a role for Dicer in chromosome segregation of fission yeast. Deletion of the Dicer (dcr1(+)) gene caused slow growth, sensitivity to thiabendazole, lagging chromosomes during anaphase, and abrogated silencing of centromeric repeats. As Dicer in other species, Dcr1p degraded double-stranded RNA into approximate to23 nucleotide fragments in vitro, and dcr1Delta cells were partially rescued by expression of human Dicer, indicating evolutionarily conserved functions. Expression profiling demonstrated that dcr1(+) was required for silencing of two genes containing a conserved motif.

National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-15719 (URN)10.1073/pnas.212633199 (DOI)000180101600028 ()12482946 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-0037168521 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2012-03-08 Created: 2012-03-06 Last updated: 2017-07-20Bibliographically approved
Kniola, B., O'Toole, E., McIntosh, J. R., Mellone, B., Allshire, R., Mengarelli, S., . . . Ekwall, K. (2001). The domain structure of centromeres is conserved from fission yeast to humans. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 12(9), 2767-2775
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The domain structure of centromeres is conserved from fission yeast to humans
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2001 (English)In: Molecular Biology of the Cell, ISSN 1059-1524, E-ISSN 1939-4586, Vol. 12, no 9, p. 2767-2775Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The centromeric DNA of fission yeast is arranged with a central core flanked by repeated sequences. The centromere-associated proteins, Mis6p and Cnp1p (SpCENP-A), associate exclusively with central core DNA, whereas the Swi6 protein binds the surrounding repeats. Here, electron microscopy and immunofluorescence light microscopy reveal that the central core and flanking regions occupy distinct positions within a heterochromatic domain. An "anchor" structure containing the Ndc80 protein resides between this heterochromatic domain and the spindle pole body. The organization of centromere-associated proteins in fission yeast is reminiscent of the multilayered structures of human kinetochores, indicating that such domain structure is conserved in eukaryotes.

National Category
Cell Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-15849 (URN)000170985900018 ()11553715 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-0035163559 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2012-03-12 Created: 2012-03-09 Last updated: 2017-07-20Bibliographically approved
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