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Onn, Gustaf
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Publications (10 of 22) Show all publications
Abbasian, S., Onn, G. & Kavey, A. (2023). Swedish Travellers‘ attitudes towards Overtourism in cities: an exploratory research. In: 31st Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research: Book of Abstracts. Paper presented at 31st Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Östersund, September 19-21, 2023. (pp. 131-134). Östersund: Mid Sweden University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish Travellers‘ attitudes towards Overtourism in cities: an exploratory research
2023 (English)In: 31st Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research: Book of Abstracts, Östersund: Mid Sweden University , 2023, p. 131-134Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Introduction and literature review

Overtourism as a sustainability sissue for different tourism stakeholers (Milano et al, 2022;Santos-Rojo et al., 2023) inside and outside destinations has been very explored duringrecent decade. Most earlier studies on the topic have either touched upon localstakeholders on the destination and locals‘ tourismphobia has been frequently mentionedby authors (see e.g. Verissimo et al., 2020; Yrigoy et al., 2023). In the literature, oertourismhas been associated with seasonality, i.e. it happens almost entirely in a peak season(mostly during the summer) and not year round (see e.g. Yrigoy et al., 2023; Ghaderi et al.,2022). From initially having had a focus on some specific coastal European urbandestinations such as Barcelona, Venice and Dubrovnik in many studies (see e.g. Verissimoet al., 2020) the recent years‘ research also has included rural remote places worldwide forinvestigations (see e.g. Eckert et al., 2019; Ghaderi et al., 2022; Lundmark et al, 2020) as wellas new urban destinations that earlier have been unknown as places for overtourism (seee.g. Fedyk et al., 2023).Most earlier attitude investigations on overtourism have had a focus on the destinationsand their local residents and stakeholders (see.e.g. Kim and Kang, 2020; Kuscer and Mihalic,2019). Despites few studies during recent years (e.g. Kainthola et al., 2021)tourists‘ perspective and attitudes on the issue has been less visible in the research.Especially, a lack of knowledge on travellers comming from tourist generating nations orregions and their attitudes towards overtourism in city destinations has been obviouslyinvisible. Thus, the purpose of this research is to fill this gap for Sweden and Swedishtravellers to city destionations. This will be our contribution to existing body of researchon the issue. Following research questions will be answered in this paper:–How Swedish travellers define, perceive and reason around the phenomenon ofoertourism in city destinations?132–What kind of solutions to the problem is suggested by them?

MethodologyThis study is explorative in its nature and is based an online survey. The authors initiallyadopted a predominantly quantitative approach to reach a large number of respondents tocater to representativeness (Bryman 2016). Thus, several questions and comment optionswere also purposely given to the respondents to get deeper insigts of their attitudes andperceptions of the topic. The survey that contained 15 questions was firstly screened forethical issues by the host university. The authors guaranteed total anonymity to therespondents through considering the European GDPR (General Data ProtectionRegulation) that concerns protect of personal issues in research. Then the survey waspublished at tens of Swedish social forums (public and private pages on Linkedin andFacebook). After two months (February- March 2023) and several reminders we got 370completed surveys.

Preliminary Findings

A look at the sample shows that 55% of the respondens (202 individuals) are women andthe rest are men. A predominat majority of them (74%) are older than 40 year and they areeither employed (56%), retired (31%), students (9%) or others (4%) and a predominantmajority (83%) of them has postseconday/academic education. Over 70% of them state thatthey travel abroad twice or more each year, and 54% has travelled to abroad more than 16times during last ten years. A majority answers that they have good knowledge onovertourism and almost all of them define the term with their own words. Also theydescribe typical examples of situations of ourtourism that they have been witnessses to.Based on their experiences they mention many urban destinations in the world that theyperceived as places with ourtourism. This includes already known places as well as notexpected places, major metropolitain areas as well as small less known towns and specificareas or districts in urban regions. 75% of the respondents beleive that overtourism is aproblem and they point to many enviromental issues, tentions, crimiality, increased prices,negative tourism experiences, etcetera that are linked to overtourism. 25% of therespondents that would not consider it as a problem reason among other things thatovertourism is a temporary phenomenon during short time of peak season, that this is goodfor the destinations economy and standard of living, it facilitates cultural encounters,etcetera. Those that beleive overtourism is a problem suggest as solution more research,knowledge to the general public, quota system, regulations, restrictions, seasonprolongation, etcetera.133

Preliminary Conclusions

The respondents in this research point to a very complex phenomenon with multifacettedproblems as the consequence and that also needs to be solved in a multifacetted way withdifferent actors/stakeholder both in tourist generating regions and in tourist receivingregions i.e. destinations exposed by overtourism. As a part of the respondents mean, onecannot prevent people to travel but people can get important and necessary help beforedeparture but also at the destinations to enjoy the travel without being harmful tothemselves, to other tourists, residents and to the sensitive historical sites and naturalenvironments.

References

Bryman, A. (2016). Social research methods. Oxford, England: Oxford university press.Eckert, C., Zacher, D., Pechlaner, H., Namberger, P., & Schmude, J. (2019). Strategies andmeasures directed towards overtourism: a perspective of European DMOs. InternationalJournal of Tourism Cities, 5(4), 639–655.Fedyk, W., Sltysik, M., Rolczynski, T., Taheri, B., Borzyszkowski, J., and Okumus, F.(2023), Overtourism in a City Destination from the Perspective of Entrepreneurs:Evidence from Wroclaw, Poland, Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism 14 (2),pp. 442- 457.Ghaderi, Z, Hall, M.C., and Ryan, C. (2022), Overtourism, residents and Iranian ruralvillages: Voices from a developing country, Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism Vol.37, 100487.Kainthola, S., Tiwari, P., & Chowdhary, N. R. (2021). Overtourism to zero tourism:Changing tourists’ perception of crowding post COVID-19. Journal of Spatial andOrganizational Dynamics, 9(2), 115-137.Kim, S., and Kang, Y. (2020), Why do residents in an overtourism destination developanti-tourist attitudes? An exploration of residents’ experience through the lens of thecommunity-based tourism, Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research Vol. 25, Issue 8, pp. 858-876.Kuscer, K., and and Mihalic, T. (2019), Residents’ Attitudes towards Overtourism fromthe Perspective of Tourism Impacts and Cooperation—The Case of Ljubljana,Sustainability 11, 1823.Lundmark, L., Müller, D. K., & Bohn, D. (2020). Arctification and the paradox ofovertourism in sparsely populated areas. Dipping in to the north: Living, working andtraveling in sparsely populated areas, 349-371.134Milano, C., Novelli, M., and Cheer, J.M. (2022), Overtourism. In Buhalis, D (Ed),Encyclopedia of Tourism Management and Marketing, pp. 413-416. Elgar onlineSantos-Rojo, C., Llopis-Amorós, M., and García-García, J.M. (2023), Overtourism andsustainability: A bibliometric study (2018–2021), Technological Forecasting & Social Change188, 122285.Veríssimo, M., Moraes, M., Breda, Z., Guizi, A., & Costa, C. (2020). Overtourism andtourismphobia: A systematic literature review. Tourism: An International InterdisciplinaryJournal, 68(2), 156-169.Yrigoy, I., Horrach, P., Escudero, L., & Mulet, C. (2023). Co-opting overtourism: tourismstakeholders’ use of the perceptions of overtourism in their power struggles. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 1-17.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund: Mid Sweden University, 2023
Series
Rapportserien / European Tourism Research Institute, ISSN 1403-4220 ; 2023:1
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52387 (URN)978-91-89786-37-0 (ISBN)
Conference
31st Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Östersund, September 19-21, 2023.
Available from: 2023-09-26 Created: 2023-09-26 Last updated: 2023-12-15Bibliographically approved
Abbasian, S., Onn, G. & Nordberg, D. (2023). The perception of halal concept of hoteliers in the light of social exchange theory: a Swedish study. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The perception of halal concept of hoteliers in the light of social exchange theory: a Swedish study
2023 (English)In: Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights, ISSN 2514-9792Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper aims at from the perspective of the social exchange theory (SET) gaining an understanding of how promotion of halal concept in Sweden is perceived by Swedish hoteliers. A mixed-methods approach has been used consisting of 62 completed surveys with closed-ended and open-ended questions, follow-up comments and five in-depth interviews with hoteliers in the mid-Sweden region. Content analysis has been employed. Three categories of meanings are the main findings: general perception, safeguarding Swedish secular values and financially unjustifiable have been discovered. Most of the respondents have been sceptical towards halal and Muslim-friendly hotel concepts due to financial and cultural challenges these two concepts have for the Swedish tourism and hotel industries. Based on the SET, this entails more costs than benefits and is especially at odds with Swedish-rooted secular values. This study provides practical implications and increased knowledge for tourism stakeholders including hotels in Sweden. This is one of the very few studies on halal tourism in Scandinavia and the first Scandinavian study on hoteliers' attitudes towards halal tourism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2023
Keywords
Halal tourism, Muslim-friendly tourism, Social exchange theory, Secularism, Swedish hoteliers
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52598 (URN)10.1108/JHTI-01-2023-0038 (DOI)001093849700001 ()2-s2.0-85175522066 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-11-01 Created: 2023-11-01 Last updated: 2023-11-28Bibliographically approved
Onn, G. (2021). Overtourism in rural areas – consequences of pandemic staycationing. In: Shaping mobile futures: Challenges and possibilities in precarioustimes: Book of Abstracts. Paper presented at 29th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research Akureyri, Iceland [DIGITAL], September 21-23, 2021. (pp. 85). Akureyri: Icelandic Tourism Research Centre
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Overtourism in rural areas – consequences of pandemic staycationing
2021 (English)In: Shaping mobile futures: Challenges and possibilities in precarioustimes: Book of Abstracts, Akureyri: Icelandic Tourism Research Centre , 2021, p. 85-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In the wake of covid-19 many Swedes chose stay-cationing as a substitute for foreign travel, due totravel restrictions and risks related to the pandemic during summer 2020. In many ways, this relievedsome of the economic pressures on parts of the otherwise hard hit tourism industry in Sweden, as e.g.the archipelago and many other rural areas have peak season during the summer, and the virus spreaddiminished during summer due to among other things more outdoor activities, making it less risky tochoose outdoor attractions. This has, however, lead to some cases of rather unanticipated over-tourism,as in some cases, infrastructure such as road size is not calibrated for the level of demand, and e.g. asunny day the road to Gålö was jammed, so that a trip usually taking 15 minutes by car took 3 ½ hours,and as a result of people exploring outdoors to a larger extent due to the pandemic, the carrying capacityof many nature reserves and some national parks has been reported to be threatened. As vaccinationprogrammes are being executed there is reason to believe that some going back to normal may beexpected, but there is reason not to discard the increased pressure on nature-based attractions asincreased knowledge of domestic visitor attractions may be assumed to render increased demand.Under the adage ‘build back better’ I intend to investigate the degree of overtourism experienced inarchipelago settings of Stockholm County, through interviews with residents and nature preservationsoriented NGOs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Akureyri: Icelandic Tourism Research Centre, 2021
Series
RMF, ISSN 1670-8857 ; S-02-2021
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-46484 (URN)
Conference
29th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research Akureyri, Iceland [DIGITAL], September 21-23, 2021.
Available from: 2021-09-24 Created: 2021-09-24 Last updated: 2021-09-24Bibliographically approved
Abbasian, S., Onn, G. & Arnautovic, D. (2020). Overtourism in Dubrovnik in the eyes of local tourism employees: A qualitative study. Cogent Social Sciences, 6(2), Article ID 1775944.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Overtourism in Dubrovnik in the eyes of local tourism employees: A qualitative study
2020 (English)In: Cogent Social Sciences, E-ISSN 2331-1886, Vol. 6, no 2, article id 1775944Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article implies a qualitative methodological approach and has a focus on the local tourism employees in Dubrovnik and their perception of overtourism. The empirical data are based on 12 days’ field observation in July 2018, and 18 e-mail interviews with local tourism employees. The data analysis method has been thematic analysis. The interviewees show a high level of awareness and concern about the problem. Overcrowding, traffic congestion, various physical damages, displacement of locals in Old Town, low quality of tourist experiences and lower quality of life for locals, increased prices are among problems caused by overtourism in Dubrovnik. Factors related to seasonality, physical geographic conditions, cruise ships are the most problem makers and the interviewees prefer tourists that stay overnight. Their most frequent solution suggestions are reduction of the number of cruise ships followed by stricter rules of the establishment and of quality for accommodations, caterings and shops.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020
Keywords
Overtourism, Dubrovnik, tourism stakeholders, cruisers, sustainable tourism
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-40899 (URN)10.1080/23311886.2020.1775944 (DOI)000610467300001 ()2-s2.0-85086782083 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-06-09 Created: 2020-06-09 Last updated: 2021-02-04Bibliographically approved
Abbasian, S., Onn, G. & Arnautovic, D. (2019). Does Over-tourism really exist in Dubrovnik?: A perception study of local tourism employees. In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019: . Paper presented at 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, october 23-25, 2019. (pp. 48). Roskilde, Denmark
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does Over-tourism really exist in Dubrovnik?: A perception study of local tourism employees
2019 (English)In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019, Roskilde, Denmark, 2019, p. 48-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Over-tourism has become a frequently used term in Urban Tourism research, during last years. By it means over-saturation of tourists (e.g. Stanchev, 2017) i.e. when the number of tourists at a certain time and at a certain place exceeds powerfully the number of locals in the place (see e.g. Artal-Tur et al, 2018). Such situation creates a series of problems for the host destinations (Postma and Schmuecker, 2017) because of the limited service facilities available (Butler, 2018). The pressure on the host destination results in conflict and tension among hosts and tourists, and in long term antagonism, and tourism phobia among locals (Alexis, 2017). The overall aim of this research is to get a deeper understanding of Dubrovnik’s tourism employees’ perception of Over-tourism in their town. The chosen method has been field observation during peak season (July 2018) and 18 email- interviews with local tourism employees between 2018-2019.   Results  The employees who answered to 14 questions have positions such as manager, receptionist, owner, and represent different tourism and hospitality sectors like hotels and restaurants, tourist bureaus, etc. They have been working within tourism industry between 3 and 30 years. They show small difference in their views on low- respectively high season of tourism in the town. They define Over- tourism in general, believe it exists in Dubrovnik in some short periods, and describe in detail how and when it happens there. The reason behind Over-tourism in Dubrovnik is summarized by them in big demand that exceeds the supply side i.e. too many tourists by ships, aircrafts, cars and buses arriving at the same time in peak season. They claim that the Over-tourism creates a series of problems such as traffic, damage and pollution, and confirm that the local authorities are aware of the problems. A powerful reduction of number of cruisers, better management, organization and schedule of arrivals, better information to tourists, reduction of taxis from rest of the country, forbid foreigners come by car to the city, etc. are among their own suggestions to solutions for the problems. Some of them talk about attracting quality/luxury/elite tourists instead of mass tourists. Several of them also confirm that the local tourism industry firstly tries to reduce the number of cruisers and partly flights, and then find a better coordination of activities, and other regulations for people coming by cars. The interviewees prefer mostly tourists coming by charter flights, then cruise tourists specially luxury such, and they believe that Dubrovnik and its surrounding region is not at all suitable for car transport and cartourists.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Roskilde, Denmark: , 2019
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39227 (URN)
Conference
28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, october 23-25, 2019.
Available from: 2019-10-26 Created: 2019-10-26 Last updated: 2020-07-01Bibliographically approved
Rytkönen, P., Larsson Segerlind, T., Onn, G., Degerstedt, L. & Kaipainen, M. (2019). Facing business challenges with the Stockholm Archipelago as a context: A comparative study of entrepreneurial responses and local development on three islands. Baltic Worlds, XII(2), 74-86
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Facing business challenges with the Stockholm Archipelago as a context: A comparative study of entrepreneurial responses and local development on three islands
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2019 (English)In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. XII, no 2, p. 74-86Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

By conducting a comparative qualitative and systematic study of the local (island) pre-conditions for creating sustainable socio-economic development through entrepreneurship, here defined as a process of identifying, evaluating, and exploiting entrepreneurial opportunities, this study aims to shed light on entrepreneurial responses to challenges and opportunities on three islands in the Stockholm Archipelago and how context influences these responses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Södertörns högskola, 2019
Keywords
entrepreneurship, archipelago, business challenges, local development
National Category
Business Administration Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38740 (URN)
Available from: 2019-08-16 Created: 2019-08-16 Last updated: 2020-06-05Bibliographically approved
Abbasian, S., Onn, G. & Strömberg, P. (2019). Perspectives of Over-tourism in four Pre-Industrial Historical City Centers: A research idea. In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019: . Paper presented at 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, October 23-25, 2019. (pp. 46). Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perspectives of Over-tourism in four Pre-Industrial Historical City Centers: A research idea
2019 (English)In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019, Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University , 2019, p. 46-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Over-tourism has become a new subject for research, particularly on urban sustainable tourism, during recent years (Novy, 2018). The term refers to when the number of tourists at a certain time in an extreme way exceeds the number of locals in the destination (Goodwin, 2017). This phenomenon creates a series of problems for the host destinations and puts pressure on them and their attractions, on the local service facilities and the genuine urban culture (Postma and Schmuecker, 2017; Trancoso Gonzalez, 2018; Weber et al, 2017; Montanari & Staniscias, 2010). Earlier research has shown how this phenomenon results in tension/conflict between locals and tourists and creates phobia among host people towards tourists(Postma and Schmuecker,2017; Martins, 2018; Milano et al, 2018). Recent research (Koens et al, 2018) shows that tourism stakeholders in many European cities show great awareness on the issue in their cities. Earlier research has mostly focused on locals while a focus on the visitors has beenlacking.  The purpose of the research is to get more empirical insights in over-tourism in four European city centers, Dubrovnik, Visby, Stockholm, and Riga, from both perspectives of locals and visitors/tourists, and thereby get knowledge through the challenges to, and opportunities for, both constituencies that are created in this learning process. This is in consistence with earlier research with same purpose (Costa et al, 2018). The research is justified by the fact that the topic is still new, and there are not too many studies published as of now. The first common characteristic between these four cities is that they all are cruising ports. The two first cities are rather towns than cities, almost of same size and natural preconditions, while the latters are much larger, capital cities in the Baltic Sea region with almost similar preconditions i.e. Over-tourism in the downtown area during peakseason.  The overall methodological approach in this project will be qualitative consisting of triangulation (mixed methods) based on comparative case studies. The data collection methods will consist of: field observations during the peak season in July-August in the four cities, face to face interviews and email interviews

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University, 2019
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39228 (URN)
Conference
28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, October 23-25, 2019.
Available from: 2019-10-26 Created: 2019-10-26 Last updated: 2020-07-01Bibliographically approved
Onn, G. & Abbasian, S. (2019). Supply side perception of Halal tourism: A Swedish pilot study. In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019: . Paper presented at 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, October 23-25, 2019. (pp. 40). Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Supply side perception of Halal tourism: A Swedish pilot study
2019 (English)In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019, Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University , 2019, p. 40-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Halal tourism – where tourists with Muslim norms are considered in that there is no alcohol, no gambling, food adheres to Muslim religious requirements, and that there is a separation of men and women in public spaces – is considered a growing market, especially when considering the wealthier populations, e.g. in Saudi and United Arab Emirates. However, some of these requirements may seem at odds with some western norms, and may hence require both investments, and dealing with ethical issues if one would cater to this demand. Nevertheless, Halal tourism can also be provided by non- Muslim countries to Muslim tourists. This justifies a research (e.g. Henderson, 2016; Yasuda, 2017; Razzaq et al, 2016) for the multicultural Sweden as well.  A pilot study with 15 questions to assess perception of Halal tourism is being carried out with an open- ended questionnaire been sent out with 4 reminders to 250 persons working in government, organisations and enterprises linked to tourism in Sweden from four e-mail lists between June 2018 and January 2019. As of now, 22 have returned forms. The responses will be broadly thematically analysed as it is a survey of opinions. Possibly the investigation may turn to deep interviews and in that case a deep thematic analysis may show useful.  Only a minor part of the interviewees has a good grip on which exact dimensions are considered in definition of Halal tourism and have some knowledge of the adaptations required to it. Most of them have mentioned oral sources and Internet as their information source. A majority thinks Halal tourism may be of significance in Swedish tourism, if Muslims are targeted, while the rest are either doubtful or sceptic. Concerning pros of going after this target group, the majority report diversification of demand, general increase in demand, cultural exchange and general benefits to consumers, while a minority report having too little knowledge, or do not see any advantages or in a couple of cases have unclear answers. On the cons they point to the association between the concept of Halal to slaughter specifically, to the inability to deliver appropriate hospitality, to the possible detrimental effects on other target groups, point out the organisational adaptations necessary, put forth economic costs as well as cultural hinderances, or saw no downsides. A minority had either no ideas nor answers atall.  Whether one should go ahead and pursue this target audience or not, the answers totally varied. Some did agree, while others thought more thorough analysis of the target group was needed, or thought that all customers should be catered to as long as it does not adversely affect other target markets, or believed that this should not be a public responsibility, that invest is not on the proper level, or that at present no investments should be made, but if it turned out to be a high demand, it may be profitable. A minor part found it economically not defensible. When it comes to marketing Sweden as a Halal destination, several of them either mentioned Muslim nations or Muslim VFR tourists or specific geographic regions, while the rest either emphasizes need of more analysis, or claimed that they knew too little, answered irrelevant or gave no answer. On problems that may arise from marketing Sweden as a Halal destination, a majority either mentioned cultural difficulties or feared confused identity, leading to blurred destination image. Several of the interviewees found no problem while the rest either thought further analysis was needed or had no idea or answer. To the question if they were willing to pursue the target group, most of the interviewees was positive while several of the interviewees had negative opinion on it and few persons either did not know, answered unclear or gave no answer. As to under which conditions they could see Halal tourism being undertaken in Sweden, the answers are very varying. Nine persons either gave no answer or did not know while the rest either were against the idea or any necessary adaptions or required respect to equal value of people, to sustainability and fairtrade.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University, 2019
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39225 (URN)
Conference
28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, October 23-25, 2019.
Available from: 2019-10-26 Created: 2019-10-26 Last updated: 2020-07-01Bibliographically approved
Rytkönen, P., Larsson Segerlind, T., Degerstedt, L., Kaipainen, M. & Onn, G. (2019). Utmaningar och möjligheter för små och medelstora företag i Stockholms skärgård. Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Utmaningar och möjligheter för små och medelstora företag i Stockholms skärgård
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2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Denna rapport syftar till att inventera de utmaningar och möjligheter som före­tagarna i Stockholms skärgård står inför. Rapporten har skrivits inom ramen för Interreg-projektet Archipelago Business Development och omfattar en inventering av skärgårdsföretagarnas behov, utmaningar och möjligheter i Stockholms skär­gård.

Undersökningen har bland annat gjorts genom gruppintervjuer med företagare på Dalarö, Ornö, Sandhamn och Utö. Därutöver har enskilda in­ter­vjuer genomförts med företagare i fem olika kommuner. Geo­grafiskt fördelas urvalet på Stockholms södra och mellersta skärgård.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019. p. 32
Series
Working Paper, ISSN 1404-1480 ; 2019:3
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38152 (URN)
Projects
Archipelago Business Development
Funder
Interreg Central Baltic
Available from: 2019-05-21 Created: 2019-05-21 Last updated: 2019-06-20Bibliographically approved
Rytkönen, P., Larsson Segerlind, T. & Onn, G. (2018). Development in the Stockholm Archipelago: institutions, traditions and responses to local development initiatives. In: Hanne W. Tanvig and Lise Herslund (Ed.), Challenged Ruralities: Welfare States under Pressure : Conference Book – Fifth Nordic Rural Research Conference. Paper presented at 5th Nordic Rural Research Conference,Vingsted, May 14-16, 2018.. Frederiksberg: Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development in the Stockholm Archipelago: institutions, traditions and responses to local development initiatives
2018 (English)In: Challenged Ruralities: Welfare States under Pressure : Conference Book – Fifth Nordic Rural Research Conference / [ed] Hanne W. Tanvig and Lise Herslund, Frederiksberg: Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen , 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Stockholm Archipelago is classified as one of the less developed rural areas in Sweden. Although the Archipelago is located close to Stockholm, local inhabitants and businesses live in the shadow of the capital city. Over the last decades, a number of policy initiatives and development projects have been launched to support a sustainable socio-economic development in the Stockholm Archipelago, not the least by trying to decrease the dependence on the summer season for the creation of local income. But results have not been as positive as expected. In addition, it seems that inhabitants in some islands have managed to create a more dynamic environment and have achieved some successes, while inhabitants in other islands are still struggling with the same problems as they were 20 years ago. These differences cannot easily be dismissed as a result of differences in physical infrastructure.

By conducting a comparative qualitative and systematic study of the conditions for creating a sustainable socio-economic development in various islands in the Stockholm Archipelago this study will answer the following questions: What makes some communities in the archipelago vibrant and resilient and others less so? Which are the variations in pre-conditions for a vibrant and resilient development? What have previous policy initiatives and projects succeeded with? And when have they failed?

The article is based in an on-going case study in which project and policy evaluation reports have been analysed. In addition, a large number of in-depth interviews with business owners in the Archipelago, with policy officers in various involved municipalities and project coordinators have been conducted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frederiksberg: Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, 2018
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36951 (URN)978-87-7903-791-5 (ISBN)978-87-7903-792-2 (ISBN)
Conference
5th Nordic Rural Research Conference,Vingsted, May 14-16, 2018.
Available from: 2018-12-12 Created: 2018-12-12 Last updated: 2018-12-12Bibliographically approved
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