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Onn, Gustaf
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Publications (10 of 18) Show all publications
Abbasian, S., Onn, G. & Arnautovic, D. (2019). Does Over-tourism really exist in Dubrovnik?: A perception study of local tourism employees. In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019: . Paper presented at 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, october 23-25, 2019. (pp. 48). Roskilde, Denmark
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does Over-tourism really exist in Dubrovnik?: A perception study of local tourism employees
2019 (English)In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019, Roskilde, Denmark, 2019, p. 48-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Over-tourism has become a frequently used term in Urban Tourism research, during last years. By it means over-saturation of tourists (e.g. Stanchev, 2017) i.e. when the number of tourists at a certain time and at a certain place exceeds powerfully the number of locals in the place (see e.g. Artal-Tur et al, 2018). Such situation creates a series of problems for the host destinations (Postma and Schmuecker, 2017) because of the limited service facilities available (Butler, 2018). The pressure on the host destination results in conflict and tension among hosts and tourists, and in long term antagonism, and tourism phobia among locals (Alexis, 2017). The overall aim of this research is to get a deeper understanding of Dubrovnik’s tourism employees’ perception of Over-tourism in their town. The chosen method has been field observation during peak season (July 2018) and 18 email- interviews with local tourism employees between 2018-2019.   Results  The employees who answered to 14 questions have positions such as manager, receptionist, owner, and represent different tourism and hospitality sectors like hotels and restaurants, tourist bureaus, etc. They have been working within tourism industry between 3 and 30 years. They show small difference in their views on low- respectively high season of tourism in the town. They define Over- tourism in general, believe it exists in Dubrovnik in some short periods, and describe in detail how and when it happens there. The reason behind Over-tourism in Dubrovnik is summarized by them in big demand that exceeds the supply side i.e. too many tourists by ships, aircrafts, cars and buses arriving at the same time in peak season. They claim that the Over-tourism creates a series of problems such as traffic, damage and pollution, and confirm that the local authorities are aware of the problems. A powerful reduction of number of cruisers, better management, organization and schedule of arrivals, better information to tourists, reduction of taxis from rest of the country, forbid foreigners come by car to the city, etc. are among their own suggestions to solutions for the problems. Some of them talk about attracting quality/luxury/elite tourists instead of mass tourists. Several of them also confirm that the local tourism industry firstly tries to reduce the number of cruisers and partly flights, and then find a better coordination of activities, and other regulations for people coming by cars. The interviewees prefer mostly tourists coming by charter flights, then cruise tourists specially luxury such, and they believe that Dubrovnik and its surrounding region is not at all suitable for car transport and cartourists.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Roskilde, Denmark: , 2019
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39227 (URN)
Conference
28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, october 23-25, 2019.
Available from: 2019-10-26 Created: 2019-10-26 Last updated: 2019-10-31Bibliographically approved
Rytkönen, P., Larsson Segerlind, T., Onn, G., Degerstedt, L. & Kaipainen, M. (2019). Facing business challenges with the Stockholm Archipelago as a context: A comparative study of entrepreneurial responses and local development on three islands. Baltic Worlds, XII(2), 74-86
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Facing business challenges with the Stockholm Archipelago as a context: A comparative study of entrepreneurial responses and local development on three islands
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2019 (English)In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. XII, no 2, p. 74-86Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

By conducting a comparative qualitative and systematic study of the local (island) pre-conditions for creating sustainable socio-economic development through entrepreneurship, here defined as a process of identifying, evaluating, and exploiting entrepreneurial opportunities, this study aims to shed light on entrepreneurial responses to challenges and opportunities on three islands in the Stockholm Archipelago and how context influences these responses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Södertörns högskola, 2019
Keywords
entrepreneurship, archipelago, business challenges, local development
National Category
Business Administration Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38740 (URN)
Available from: 2019-08-16 Created: 2019-08-16 Last updated: 2020-01-07Bibliographically approved
Abbasian, S., Onn, G. & Strömberg, P. (2019). Perspectives of Over-tourism in four Pre-Industrial Historical City Centers: A research idea. In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019: . Paper presented at 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, October 23-25, 2019. (pp. 46). Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perspectives of Over-tourism in four Pre-Industrial Historical City Centers: A research idea
2019 (English)In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019, Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University , 2019, p. 46-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Over-tourism has become a new subject for research, particularly on urban sustainable tourism, during recent years (Novy, 2018). The term refers to when the number of tourists at a certain time in an extreme way exceeds the number of locals in the destination (Goodwin, 2017). This phenomenon creates a series of problems for the host destinations and puts pressure on them and their attractions, on the local service facilities and the genuine urban culture (Postma and Schmuecker, 2017; Trancoso Gonzalez, 2018; Weber et al, 2017; Montanari & Staniscias, 2010). Earlier research has shown how this phenomenon results in tension/conflict between locals and tourists and creates phobia among host people towards tourists(Postma and Schmuecker,2017; Martins, 2018; Milano et al, 2018). Recent research (Koens et al, 2018) shows that tourism stakeholders in many European cities show great awareness on the issue in their cities. Earlier research has mostly focused on locals while a focus on the visitors has beenlacking.  The purpose of the research is to get more empirical insights in over-tourism in four European city centers, Dubrovnik, Visby, Stockholm, and Riga, from both perspectives of locals and visitors/tourists, and thereby get knowledge through the challenges to, and opportunities for, both constituencies that are created in this learning process. This is in consistence with earlier research with same purpose (Costa et al, 2018). The research is justified by the fact that the topic is still new, and there are not too many studies published as of now. The first common characteristic between these four cities is that they all are cruising ports. The two first cities are rather towns than cities, almost of same size and natural preconditions, while the latters are much larger, capital cities in the Baltic Sea region with almost similar preconditions i.e. Over-tourism in the downtown area during peakseason.  The overall methodological approach in this project will be qualitative consisting of triangulation (mixed methods) based on comparative case studies. The data collection methods will consist of: field observations during the peak season in July-August in the four cities, face to face interviews and email interviews

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University, 2019
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39228 (URN)
Conference
28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, October 23-25, 2019.
Available from: 2019-10-26 Created: 2019-10-26 Last updated: 2019-10-31Bibliographically approved
Onn, G. & Abbasian, S. (2019). Supply side perception of Halal tourism: A Swedish pilot study. In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019: . Paper presented at 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, October 23-25, 2019. (pp. 40). Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Supply side perception of Halal tourism: A Swedish pilot study
2019 (English)In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019, Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University , 2019, p. 40-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Halal tourism – where tourists with Muslim norms are considered in that there is no alcohol, no gambling, food adheres to Muslim religious requirements, and that there is a separation of men and women in public spaces – is considered a growing market, especially when considering the wealthier populations, e.g. in Saudi and United Arab Emirates. However, some of these requirements may seem at odds with some western norms, and may hence require both investments, and dealing with ethical issues if one would cater to this demand. Nevertheless, Halal tourism can also be provided by non- Muslim countries to Muslim tourists. This justifies a research (e.g. Henderson, 2016; Yasuda, 2017; Razzaq et al, 2016) for the multicultural Sweden as well.  A pilot study with 15 questions to assess perception of Halal tourism is being carried out with an open- ended questionnaire been sent out with 4 reminders to 250 persons working in government, organisations and enterprises linked to tourism in Sweden from four e-mail lists between June 2018 and January 2019. As of now, 22 have returned forms. The responses will be broadly thematically analysed as it is a survey of opinions. Possibly the investigation may turn to deep interviews and in that case a deep thematic analysis may show useful.  Only a minor part of the interviewees has a good grip on which exact dimensions are considered in definition of Halal tourism and have some knowledge of the adaptations required to it. Most of them have mentioned oral sources and Internet as their information source. A majority thinks Halal tourism may be of significance in Swedish tourism, if Muslims are targeted, while the rest are either doubtful or sceptic. Concerning pros of going after this target group, the majority report diversification of demand, general increase in demand, cultural exchange and general benefits to consumers, while a minority report having too little knowledge, or do not see any advantages or in a couple of cases have unclear answers. On the cons they point to the association between the concept of Halal to slaughter specifically, to the inability to deliver appropriate hospitality, to the possible detrimental effects on other target groups, point out the organisational adaptations necessary, put forth economic costs as well as cultural hinderances, or saw no downsides. A minority had either no ideas nor answers atall.  Whether one should go ahead and pursue this target audience or not, the answers totally varied. Some did agree, while others thought more thorough analysis of the target group was needed, or thought that all customers should be catered to as long as it does not adversely affect other target markets, or believed that this should not be a public responsibility, that invest is not on the proper level, or that at present no investments should be made, but if it turned out to be a high demand, it may be profitable. A minor part found it economically not defensible. When it comes to marketing Sweden as a Halal destination, several of them either mentioned Muslim nations or Muslim VFR tourists or specific geographic regions, while the rest either emphasizes need of more analysis, or claimed that they knew too little, answered irrelevant or gave no answer. On problems that may arise from marketing Sweden as a Halal destination, a majority either mentioned cultural difficulties or feared confused identity, leading to blurred destination image. Several of the interviewees found no problem while the rest either thought further analysis was needed or had no idea or answer. To the question if they were willing to pursue the target group, most of the interviewees was positive while several of the interviewees had negative opinion on it and few persons either did not know, answered unclear or gave no answer. As to under which conditions they could see Halal tourism being undertaken in Sweden, the answers are very varying. Nine persons either gave no answer or did not know while the rest either were against the idea or any necessary adaptions or required respect to equal value of people, to sustainability and fairtrade.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University, 2019
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39225 (URN)
Conference
28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, October 23-25, 2019.
Available from: 2019-10-26 Created: 2019-10-26 Last updated: 2019-10-31Bibliographically approved
Rytkönen, P., Larsson Segerlind, T., Degerstedt, L., Kaipainen, M. & Onn, G. (2019). Utmaningar och möjligheter för små och medelstora företag i Stockholms skärgård. Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Utmaningar och möjligheter för små och medelstora företag i Stockholms skärgård
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2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Denna rapport syftar till att inventera de utmaningar och möjligheter som före­tagarna i Stockholms skärgård står inför. Rapporten har skrivits inom ramen för Interreg-projektet Archipelago Business Development och omfattar en inventering av skärgårdsföretagarnas behov, utmaningar och möjligheter i Stockholms skär­gård.

Undersökningen har bland annat gjorts genom gruppintervjuer med företagare på Dalarö, Ornö, Sandhamn och Utö. Därutöver har enskilda in­ter­vjuer genomförts med företagare i fem olika kommuner. Geo­grafiskt fördelas urvalet på Stockholms södra och mellersta skärgård.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019. p. 32
Series
Working Paper, ISSN 1404-1480 ; 2019:3
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38152 (URN)
Projects
Archipelago Business Development
Funder
Interreg Central Baltic
Available from: 2019-05-21 Created: 2019-05-21 Last updated: 2019-06-20Bibliographically approved
Rytkönen, P., Larsson Segerlind, T. & Onn, G. (2018). Development in the Stockholm Archipelago: institutions, traditions and responses to local development initiatives. In: Hanne W. Tanvig and Lise Herslund (Ed.), Challenged Ruralities: Welfare States under Pressure : Conference Book – Fifth Nordic Rural Research Conference. Paper presented at 5th Nordic Rural Research Conference,Vingsted, May 14-16, 2018.. Frederiksberg: Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development in the Stockholm Archipelago: institutions, traditions and responses to local development initiatives
2018 (English)In: Challenged Ruralities: Welfare States under Pressure : Conference Book – Fifth Nordic Rural Research Conference / [ed] Hanne W. Tanvig and Lise Herslund, Frederiksberg: Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen , 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Stockholm Archipelago is classified as one of the less developed rural areas in Sweden. Although the Archipelago is located close to Stockholm, local inhabitants and businesses live in the shadow of the capital city. Over the last decades, a number of policy initiatives and development projects have been launched to support a sustainable socio-economic development in the Stockholm Archipelago, not the least by trying to decrease the dependence on the summer season for the creation of local income. But results have not been as positive as expected. In addition, it seems that inhabitants in some islands have managed to create a more dynamic environment and have achieved some successes, while inhabitants in other islands are still struggling with the same problems as they were 20 years ago. These differences cannot easily be dismissed as a result of differences in physical infrastructure.

By conducting a comparative qualitative and systematic study of the conditions for creating a sustainable socio-economic development in various islands in the Stockholm Archipelago this study will answer the following questions: What makes some communities in the archipelago vibrant and resilient and others less so? Which are the variations in pre-conditions for a vibrant and resilient development? What have previous policy initiatives and projects succeeded with? And when have they failed?

The article is based in an on-going case study in which project and policy evaluation reports have been analysed. In addition, a large number of in-depth interviews with business owners in the Archipelago, with policy officers in various involved municipalities and project coordinators have been conducted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frederiksberg: Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, 2018
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36951 (URN)978-87-7903-791-5 (ISBN)978-87-7903-792-2 (ISBN)
Conference
5th Nordic Rural Research Conference,Vingsted, May 14-16, 2018.
Available from: 2018-12-12 Created: 2018-12-12 Last updated: 2018-12-12Bibliographically approved
Onn, G. (2018). Student Involvement as a Tool for Nurturing Business Model Development in Tourism Businesses in the Stockholm Archipelago. Academica Turistica - Tourism and Innovation Journal, 11(1), 73-86
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Student Involvement as a Tool for Nurturing Business Model Development in Tourism Businesses in the Stockholm Archipelago
2018 (English)In: Academica Turistica - Tourism and Innovation Journal, ISSN 2335-4194, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 73-86Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Tourism consumption in Sweden is booming, but it seems to be at a standstill in the Stockholm archipelago, and most businesses of all kinds in it are small. Therefore, an eu-Interreg-financed educational community engagement project aiming at business model development in the archipelagos of Turku, Åland (both in Finland), and Stockholm was launched, as Finland has a similar situation. In this paper, the foundations of the project, the literature on the issues of being rural and in the archipelago, and business models are reviewed and put in perspective through preliminary empirical results of the project, in while municipality and some business representatives have been interviewed. The rationale is that there is a weak scientific understanding of business models in use in the archipelagos. Methodologically, action research is being used in addition to document studies, with unstructured interviews and observations as the primary empirical methods. The primary results for which the empirical findings put light on the intersection of the abovementioned literature bodies are the impact of infrastructural and access problems due to isolation, as well as indications of a community split between second homes and permanent residents. The lifestyle-entrepreneurship jeopardises the economic well-being but enriches the social well-being of the population. The primary conclusions are that seasonality and second homers provide entrepreneurs with large output markets in season, but small ones in the off-season. The business equation cannot omit place since it is part of the social well-being of the lifestyle-entrepreneurs, which calls for further research into configurational approaches to strategy in an archipelago context.

Keywords
archipelago business, second homes, lifestyle entrepreneurship, business model development, educational community engagemen
National Category
Business Administration Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36950 (URN)10.26493/2335-4194.11.73-86 (DOI)2-s2.0-85057786215 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-12-12 Created: 2018-12-12 Last updated: 2018-12-20Bibliographically approved
Onn, G. (2017). Educational Community Engagement – a chance for students in tourism to get closer to the chaos of the archipelago entrepreneur?. In: 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research, October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden: Book of abstracts. Paper presented at 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research, October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden (pp. 63-64). Falun: Högskolan Dalarna
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Educational Community Engagement – a chance for students in tourism to get closer to the chaos of the archipelago entrepreneur?
2017 (English)In: 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research, October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden: Book of abstracts, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2017, p. 63-64Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

While Tourism in Sweden is booming, the Stockholm Archipelago seems to be at a standstill at best (Tillväxtverket 2016) Attempts at seasonal prolongation show no clear results. Archipelago Business Development is a 3-years EU-Interreg project commenced October 2016 aiming at business model improvement. At Södertörn University, students from Tourism studies, Business Studies and Media Technology are enrolled. The project is on the Swedish side currently recruiting businesses to participate in the project. Pilots using course work, where students find their own empirical objects include intermediate level projects in Net-based Information Systems, Tourism innovation projects pursuing improvements in business models. Several bachelor, and master essays are under way. Students are to interact with entrepreneurs through business clinics –speed-dating like consultancies where the business bring their problems and students collaborate in teams to suggest solutions to the problems, possibly backed up by experts. Also, there is to be an accelerator programme where a selected number of entrepreneurs are in for a long term business model development project of longitudinal character, where students may join at a certain point or follow the process. In April 24th, there will be a student kick-off at Södertörn University with participants from the business side, municipalities and Swedish project partners and on April 26th, the corresponding event will be in Turku with all project partners. Expectations are that students will get a closer grip on the reality of businesses. At the time of the conference, experience from this pedagogical experiment will have some results to discuss.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2017
Keywords
Business model development, community engagement
National Category
Economics and Business Educational Sciences
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34263 (URN)
Conference
26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research, October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden
Available from: 2018-01-17 Created: 2018-01-17 Last updated: 2018-01-17Bibliographically approved
Zalamans, D. & Onn, G. (2017). Green Tourism BARCamp: Beyond All Recognition or the Emperor’s New Clothes?. In: 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research, October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden: Book of abstracts. Paper presented at 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research, October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden (pp. 61-62). Falun: Högskolan Dalarna
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Green Tourism BARCamp: Beyond All Recognition or the Emperor’s New Clothes?
2017 (English)In: 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research, October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden: Book of abstracts, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2017, p. 61-62Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A BarCamp is a “non-conference” where neither speaker, program events nor seminars are predetermined. The starting point is just a common theme on which the participants shape the content and the setup of the event. The actual agenda is decided on the spot on issues agreed among the participants. Everyone participates equally in conversations and discussions and they are supposed to generously share their knowledge and experience. This paper aims to evaluate if a BarCamp actually is a NEW type of meeting or if it just a face-lift of all already well-known meeting forms in the literature. The study is based on observations and empirical material from three BarCamps that took place in Sigtuna, Sweden, between 2013 and 2016. Although nominations and votes on different topics suggestions and/or interesting issues in the initial plenary-meeting will decide what to be brought up on the BarCamp, it can be questioned how objective and “free minded” such determination actually is? As in every field based on social relations; professions, titles and experience might have a crucial effect on how the agenda will be set. Economic and/or political intentions might play a role as well, and perhaps the personality of the participants. However, result points out that there is a difference between such meetings where the participants creates the agenda without preparation on beforehand and more traditional meetings as for example company-meetings, conferences, congresses, incentives and events.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2017
Keywords
Green tourism, BAR-Camp, meeting forms, sustainability, non-conference
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34260 (URN)
Conference
26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research, October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden
Available from: 2018-01-17 Created: 2018-01-17 Last updated: 2018-01-17Bibliographically approved
Onn, G. (2017). Stockholm Archipelago – arena for goose feeding entrepreneurs with solutions to non-prioritised problems or entrepreneurs in dire need of help?. In: Nordic Geographers Meeting, Stockholm 18th –21st June 2017, Session L3: Rural entrepreneurship: Knowledge, innovations, diversification and value creation – strategies for coping with a changing world. Paper presented at Nordic Geographers Meeting, Stockholm University Stockholm, June 18-21, 2017. (pp. 5-6).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stockholm Archipelago – arena for goose feeding entrepreneurs with solutions to non-prioritised problems or entrepreneurs in dire need of help?
2017 (English)In: Nordic Geographers Meeting, Stockholm 18th –21st June 2017, Session L3: Rural entrepreneurship: Knowledge, innovations, diversification and value creation – strategies for coping with a changing world, 2017, p. 5-6Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

While tourism in Stockholm is booming the little statistics that might serve as proxy indicates a standstill for the archipelago (Tillväxtverket 2016). Over the years, there has been some projects, e.g. Scandinavian Islands, Skärgårdssmak, and recently Hållbar Destinationsutveckling to get the businesses in the archipelago going. These seem not to have lasting impact and have preconceived solutions of the problems. The Central Baltic project Archipelago Business Development intends instead to inductively assess and address what problems entrepreneurs identify, systematising these in terms of business model development implications. In terms of business strategy discussions, the infrastructural situation of the islanders, e.g. logistics, transportation and internet infrastructure, a configurational approach can be deepened, embellishing on the works like Wiklund & Shepherd (2005) assessing business performance based on the constructs entrepreneurial orientation (Covin & Slevin, 1991), environmental dynamism (Miller, 1987a,b; Ketchen et al., 1993) and access to financial capital (Bourgeois, 1981; Zahra, 1991; Cooper et al., 1994, ). The approach will also enable considering the geographical aspects of localisation and destination scale, which is not properly taken into consideration in the aforementioned model. The concept of environmental dynamics can be deeper understood, since many of the archipelago actors experience both high and low dynamism in different seasons. Since tourism generally is consumed as complex products, value architecture (Spieth & Schneider, 2016) and its implications for Coopetition (Bouncken & Fredrick, 2016a) and Business model innovation (Bouncken & Fredrick, 2016b) will be further explored in other areas than ICT and Biotech SMEs.

References Bouncken R.B. & Fredrick V. (2016a) ”Learning in coopetition: Alliance orientation, network size, and firm types”, Journal of Business Research, 69(5), 1753–1758. Bouncken R.B. & Fredrick V. (2016b) ”Business model innovation in alliances: Successful configurations”, Journal of Business Research, 69, 3584-3590. Bourgeois, L.J. (1981) “On the measurement of organizational slack”, Academy of Management Review, 6(1), 29–39. Cooper, A.C. Gimeno-Gascon, F.J. & Woo, C.Y. (1994) “Initial human and financial capital as predictors of new venture performance”, Journal of Business Venturing, 9, 371-395. Covin, J.G. & Slevin, D.P. (1991) “A Conceptual Model of Entrepreneurship as Firm Behavior”, Entrepreneurship, Theory and Practice, Fall 1991, 7-25. Ketchen et al., (1993) Ketchen, D.J.Jr., Thomas, J.B. & Snow, C.C. (1993) “Organizational configurations and performance: a comparison of theoretical approaches” Academy of Managent Journal, 36(6), 1278–1313. Miller, D. (1987a) “Strategy making and structure: analysis and implication for performance”, Academy of Managent Journal, 30 (1), 7–32. Miller, D. (1987b) The structural and environmental correlates of business strategy” Strategic Management. Journal, 8(1), 55–76. Spieth, P., & Schneider, S. (2016) “Business model innovativeness: Designing a formative measure for business model innovation.” Journal of Business Economics. Special Issue Business Model Innovation and Transformation, 86(6), 671–696.Tillväxtverket (2016) Fakta om Svensk Turism 2015, Stockholm: Tillväxtverket. Wiklund & Shepherd (2005) “Entrepreneurial orientation and small business performance: a configurational approach”, Journal of Business Venturing, 20, 71–91.

National Category
Economics and Business Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34233 (URN)
Conference
Nordic Geographers Meeting, Stockholm University Stockholm, June 18-21, 2017.
Available from: 2018-01-16 Created: 2018-01-16 Last updated: 2018-01-19Bibliographically approved
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