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Rotaru, Julieta
Publications (8 of 8) Show all publications
Rotaru, J. (2018). Aspects on Romani demographics in 19th century Wallachia. Baltic Worlds, XI(2-3), 34
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Aspects on Romani demographics in 19th century Wallachia
2018 (English)In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. XI, no 2-3, p. 34-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36535 (URN)3141-3.1.1-2017 (Local ID)3141-3.1.1-2017 (Archive number)3141-3.1.1-2017 (OAI)
Projects
Mapping the Roma communities in 19th century Romania
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Available from: 2018-10-10 Created: 2018-10-10 Last updated: 2018-10-10Bibliographically approved
Rotaru, J. (2018). Barbu Constantinescu, the first Romanian scholar of Romani studies. Romani Studies, 28(1), 41-78
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barbu Constantinescu, the first Romanian scholar of Romani studies
2018 (English)In: Romani Studies, ISSN 1528-0748, E-ISSN 1757-2274, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 41-78Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Half a century after the first work on the Romanian Roms written by M. Kogǎlniceanu (1837) at the suggestion of the father of modern geography, Alexander von Humboldt, similarly, at the suggestion of a foreign scholar, the father of Romani dialectology, Franz Miklosich, a graduate of the Faculty of Theology, University of Leipzig, and Ph.D. of the same university, Barbu Constantinescu, started to learn Romani and became the first Romanian scholar in the emergent field. He was an acknowledged educationist, the first exponent of Herbatianism in Romania, and worked in many educational pioneering projects, such as the establishment of the first kindergarten, as well as the reformation of the pedagogical and theological systems of education. In the field of Romani studies, unfortunately, he could not publish all his projected work, and posterity forgot his huge effort of travelling in all counties of Wallachia and Moldavia in search of Romani settlements. He published in Bucharest, in 1877 and 1878, a dozen songs and tales in Romani of his own translation, which were duly acknowledged (e.g. by F.H. Groome in his 1899 anthology of Gypsy folk songs). However, his work, comprising hundreds of documents, was not included in a collection, though it is partially preserved in some unedited manuscripts at the Romanian Academy Library in Bucharest, which are described here for the first time, in sections § 2.1-6. The article describes the intellectual legacy left by Barbu Constantinescu in the field of Romani studies.

Keywords
Barbu constantinescu, Folklore diffusion, Francis Hinde Groome, Franz Miklosich, Moses Gaster, Romani folklore, Romanian Roms
National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-35728 (URN)10.3828/rs.2018.3 (DOI)000434354500003 ()2-s2.0-85048358379 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-06-25 Created: 2018-06-25 Last updated: 2018-06-25Bibliographically approved
Rotaru, J. (2018). Caught between the Eastern Europe Empires: the case of the alleged Netot Roms. Slovak Ethnology, 66(4), 501-522
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Caught between the Eastern Europe Empires: the case of the alleged Netot Roms
2018 (English)In: Slovak Ethnology, ISSN 1335-1303, E-ISSN 1339-9357, Vol. 66, no 4, p. 501-522Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the seminal study of Marushiakova and Popov (2013) on the “Gypsy” groups in Eastern Europe it is hinted that the issue of the ethnic groups, and precisely that of their appellations (ethnonyms and/or professionyms), their unclear, nay, hazy demarcation, are specific to a greater degree to the Southeastern Europe and adjacent areas, and less to the Romani groups in Western Europe who have, largely speaking, Romani endonyms (Manuš, Sinti, Kaale, etc), which delimitate them more accurately. In Romanian quarters, the different ethno-socio-professional Romani categories are described for the first time in the first Romanian Constitution (1832), chapter “Improvement of the status of the Gypsies”, article 94. Among the 6 categories described, mention is made of the alleged Netots ‘stupid’, who were the real nomads of that time, were not practicing any specific skill, and were held responsible for all transgressions. The current article is an historical and linguistic investigation of this alleged ethno-professional category, demonstrating that the “Netot” issue is a connivance conceived by the Russian administration and the local politicians in order to solve the “problem” of the errant groups, in the context of the plague outbreak in 1831–1832, by creating a political reason to dispatch them to the defeated Ottoman Empire. The article provides sources and open questions instead of giving answers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bratislava: , 2018
Keywords
Netot Roms, “German Gypsies”, Romanian Roms, Barbu Constantinescu, Romani folk stories and songs, Ursari (dialect)
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37176 (URN)10.26363/SN.2018.4.08 (DOI)3141-3.1.1-2017 (Local ID)3141-3.1.1-2017 (Archive number)3141-3.1.1-2017 (OAI)
Projects
Mapping the Roma Community in 19th century Wallachia (Östersjöstiftelsen, 2018-2021)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 27/2017
Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-01-08Bibliographically approved
Rotaru, J. & Granqvist, K. (2018). The Romani paradigm in the Balkan area. Baltic Worlds, XI(2-3), 23-24
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Romani paradigm in the Balkan area
2018 (English)In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. XI, no 2-3, p. 23-24Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37179 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-01-08Bibliographically approved
Rotaru, J. (2018). Towards a Methodology for Applying the paribhāṣās in the Kauśikasūtra (II). Asiatische Studien: Zeitschrift der Schweizerischen Asiengesellschaft, 72(2), 489-513
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards a Methodology for Applying the paribhāṣās in the Kauśikasūtra (II)
2018 (English)In: Asiatische Studien: Zeitschrift der Schweizerischen Asiengesellschaft, ISSN 0004-4717, E-ISSN 2235-5871, Vol. 72, no 2, p. 489-513Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Kauśikasūtra has three sets of general rules, the first two (1.1–8 cum 1.9–23) consecutively opening up the sūtra-text, having an application to the adjoining context, and the third one (7.1–9.7) being seemingly prescribed for the rest of the work. The understanding of the Kauśikasūtra draws hugely on ascertaining the right meaning of these paribhāṣās. The general rule 8.10 is an interesting example of such crux filologorum, wherein, regardless the emendation, the enouncement apparently bears little meaning and the paribhāṣā, as a whole, seems inapplicable. The paper discusses sixteen cases whereto the paribhāṣā 8.10 might be applied, starting from the instances thus indicated by the two commentators, Dārila and Keśava. In subsidiary, another subject is elucidated, the set of rites called manthāntāni karmāṇi, which, although there is no paribhāṣā regulating their function, they are prescribed by the sequence of rites 11.11–11.15, and are to be applied in the specified context. This is an example of the efforts done by the subsequent redactor(s) of the Kauśikasūtra, who have added general rules to elucidate the concise and obscure sūtra-text: an unspecified general rule (11.11ff) inserted in the adjoining context, and a specified, but redundant general rule (8.10) employed in the appropriate section, with little care for the consistency of the editorial work.

Keywords
Kauśikasūtra, paribhāṣāviniyoga (application of the general rule), anuvṛtti (supplying the missing term from previous passage), emendation, text criticism, sanskrit, vedic ritual, vedic literature
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36132 (URN)10.1515/asia-2018-0014 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-08-27 Created: 2018-08-27 Last updated: 2018-08-27Bibliographically approved
Granqvist, K. & Rotaru, J. (2017). Paragraph on a new project called “Mapping the Roma communities in 19th century Romania. Newsletter of the Gypsy Lore Society, 40(4), 7-8
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Paragraph on a new project called “Mapping the Roma communities in 19th century Romania
2017 (English)In: Newsletter of the Gypsy Lore Society, ISSN 1070-4604, Vol. 40, no 4, p. 7-8Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34406 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-28 Created: 2018-01-28 Last updated: 2018-07-02Bibliographically approved
Granqvist, K. & Rotaru, J. (2017). The critical edition of the first Rumanian-Romani dictionary. Newsletter of the Gypsy Lore Society, 40(2), 5-6
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The critical edition of the first Rumanian-Romani dictionary
2017 (English)In: Newsletter of the Gypsy Lore Society, ISSN 1070-4604, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 5-6Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gypsy Lore Society, 2017
National Category
Specific Languages
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34405 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-28 Created: 2018-01-28 Last updated: 2018-07-02Bibliographically approved
Rotaru, J. (2016). The bráhman that was first born of old…” as it was known by the Atharvavedins (1ed.). In: Joel Brereton (Ed.), Joel P. Brereton (Ed.), The Vedas in Indian Culture and History: Proceedings of the Fourth International Vedic Workshop (Austin, Texas 2007). Paper presented at Fourth International Vedic Workshop, Austin, Texas, May, 2007 (pp. 319-332). Firenze/ Florence: Società Editrice Fiorentina
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The bráhman that was first born of old…” as it was known by the Atharvavedins
2016 (English)In: The Vedas in Indian Culture and History: Proceedings of the Fourth International Vedic Workshop (Austin, Texas 2007) / [ed] Joel P. Brereton, Firenze/ Florence: Società Editrice Fiorentina , 2016, 1, p. 319-332Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Firenze/ Florence: Società Editrice Fiorentina, 2016 Edition: 1
Series
Alti Studi di Storia intelettuale e delle Religioni Series
National Category
Languages and Literature
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37178 (URN)9788860323866 (ISBN)
Conference
Fourth International Vedic Workshop, Austin, Texas, May, 2007
Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-01-08Bibliographically approved
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