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Bogren, A. (2019). ‘But I’m not a doctor’: pending trust in science among laypeople discussing the brain disease model of addiction. Addiction Research and Theory, 27(4), 337-346
Open this publication in new window or tab >>‘But I’m not a doctor’: pending trust in science among laypeople discussing the brain disease model of addiction
2019 (English)In: Addiction Research and Theory, ISSN 1606-6359, E-ISSN 1476-7392, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 337-346Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: In recent decades, the notion of addiction as a brain disease has become influential among scientists, public institutions, and addiction treatment professionals, and its popularity raises the question of how biomedical science affects public perceptions of illness. Although existing research has examined how laypeople interpret disease models of addiction, few studies address how they interpret the brain disease model as presented by the media, the version that most citizens are likely to encounter in their everyday lives. This article contributes to existing research by examining Swedish laypeople’s interpretations of a news article presenting biomedical research on addiction and analyzing how trust intervenes in their interpretations. Methods: Drawing on an audience study design with qualitative interviews, the participants were asked to read and discuss a newspaper article that explained how alcohol, amphetamine, and nicotine affect the brain. Results: The analysis shows that their interpretations depended on how they perceived their own ability to assess the science portrayed in the article. The participants trust doctors and scientists but doubt their own ability to assess the science, and trust is therefore provisional or pending until this situation changes. In addition, trust requires that the participants are able to recognize and identify with the contents of the news article. Conclusion: This pattern can be understood as a way of dealing with the contradictory expectations laypeople face–they are expected to trust scientific knowledge and to evaluate knowledge claims rationally, but they do not have access to the knowledge that would, supposedly, enable them to do so.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Addiction, alcohol, knowledge, media, qualitative interviews, trust
National Category
Sociology Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38120 (URN)10.1080/16066359.2018.1524880 (DOI)000467901700001 ()2-s2.0-85063971653 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved
Bogren, A. (2017). ‘Alcohol short-circuits important part of the brain’: Swedish newspaper representations of biomedical alcohol research. Addiction Research and Theory, 25(3), 177-187
Open this publication in new window or tab >>‘Alcohol short-circuits important part of the brain’: Swedish newspaper representations of biomedical alcohol research
2017 (English)In: Addiction Research and Theory, ISSN 1606-6359, E-ISSN 1476-7392, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 177-187Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The media has a central role in communicating and constructing health knowledge, including commu-nicating research findings related to alcohol consumption. However, research on news reporting aboutalcohol is still a relatively small field; in particular, there are few studies of the reporting of biomedicalalcohol and drug research, despite the assumed increasing popularity of biomedical perspectives inpublic discourse in general. The present article addresses the representational‘devices’used in Swedishpress reporting about biomedical alcohol research, drawing on qualitative thematic analysis of thetopics, metaphors, and optimist versus critical frames used in presenting biomedical research findings.In general, the press discourse focuses on genetic factors related to alcohol problems, on the role ofthe brain and the reward system in addiction, and on medication for treating alcohol problems.Metaphors of‘reconstruction’and‘reprograming’of the reward system are used to describe howthe brain’s function is altered in addiction, whereas metaphors of‘undeserved reward’and‘shortcuts’to pleasure are used to describe alcohol’s effects on the brain. The study indicates that aspects ofthe Swedish press discourse of biomedical alcohol research invite reductionism, but that thisresult could be understood from the point of view of both the social organization of reporting and theintersection of reporting, science, and everyday understandings rather than from the point of viewof the news articles only. Moreover, some characteristics of the media portrayals leave room for inter-pretation, calling for research on the meanings ascribed to metaphors of addiction in everydayinteraction.

Keywords
Media; qualitative analysis;alcohol
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33757 (URN)10.1080/16066359.2016.1239720 (DOI)000398242100001 ()2-s2.0-84994674055 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2010-0989
Available from: 2017-11-28 Created: 2017-11-28 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Bogren, A. (2015). Karin Boye: Normer, makt och styrning. In: Christofer Edling, Jens Rydgren (Ed.), Sociologi genom litteratur: Skönlitteraturens möjligheter och samhällsvetenskapens begränsningar (pp. 73-83). Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Karin Boye: Normer, makt och styrning
2015 (Swedish)In: Sociologi genom litteratur: Skönlitteraturens möjligheter och samhällsvetenskapens begränsningar / [ed] Christofer Edling, Jens Rydgren, Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2015, p. 73-83Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2015
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33759 (URN)
Available from: 2017-11-28 Created: 2017-11-28 Last updated: 2018-07-19Bibliographically approved
Månsson, E. & Bogren, A. (2014). Health, risk, and pleasure: The formation of gendered discourses on women's alcohol consumption. Addiction Research and Theory, 22(1), 27-36
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health, risk, and pleasure: The formation of gendered discourses on women's alcohol consumption
2014 (English)In: Addiction Research and Theory, ISSN 1606-6359, E-ISSN 1476-7392, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 27-36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Based on a summary and discussion of our previous studies of media portrayals of gender and alcohol in relation to the general, societal discourses of risk and pleasure, we aim to develop the gender theoretical understanding of alcohol as a health issue. We argue that even though the media provide various implicit or explicit instructions for women on how to act, both warnings and encouragements to drink are framed within basic gendered assumptions that concern women's dealing with alcohol. Because of this, the discourses that construct women's drinking as either risky or pleasurable are in fact not separate, but rather two sides of the same coin. Drawing on this analysis, we argue that much of the research on alcohol consumption and sex difference - and in particular on women's drinking - lacks in its understanding of the gendered ideas and assumptions that frame and influence these practices.

Keywords
Alcohol; gender; media; risk; consumerism; health
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33760 (URN)10.3109/16066359.2012.737874 (DOI)000329816100003 ()2-s2.0-84892152445 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-11-28 Created: 2017-11-28 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Bogren, A. (2014). Mellan risk och njutning: Genus, sexualitet och alkoholkultur vid början av 2000-talet. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 91(6), 574-586
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mellan risk och njutning: Genus, sexualitet och alkoholkultur vid början av 2000-talet
2014 (Swedish)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 91, no 6, p. 574-586Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

De senaste 20-30 åren kännetecknas av samhällsomvandlingar som framväxten av ett konsumtionssamhälle, den tredje vågens feminism och ett hälsopolitiskt intresse för riskgrupper. Här diskuteras några av dessa i relation till svensk alkoholkultur, med särskilt fokus på forskning om ungdomar, genus och sexualitet. Sammanfattningsvis visar forskningen att normer och meningsskapande kring alkohol varierar bland olika grupper kvinnor och män (t.ex. utifrån ålder och sexualitet). Samtidigt existerar föreställningen att det är mer problematiskt för kvinnor att dricka sida vid sida med föreställningen att kvinnor idag ”dricker som män” och föreställningen om alkoholkonsumtion som ett kvinnligt frigörelse- och valfrihetsprojekt. Även maskulinitetsskapande tycks äga rum i spänningsfältet mellan ett ”grabbigt” ideal där alkohol associeras med ”tuffhet” och ideal som betonar faderskap, kreativitet och svaghet.

Keywords
genus; femininitet; maskulinitet; alkohol; kultur; normer; media
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33758 (URN)
Available from: 2017-11-28 Created: 2017-11-28 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Bogren, A. (2014). Sign of the times? Gender, sexuality, and drinking stories. International journal on drug policy, 25(3), 359-60
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sign of the times? Gender, sexuality, and drinking stories
2014 (English)In: International journal on drug policy, ISSN 0955-3959, E-ISSN 1873-4758, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 359-60Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33756 (URN)10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.04.003 (DOI)000338811200012 ()24793662 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84902802997 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-11-28 Created: 2017-11-28 Last updated: 2018-07-09Bibliographically approved
Bogren, A. & Winter, K. (2013). Knowledge production, communication, and utilization: studying biomedical alcohol research. Drugs and alcohol today, 13(1), 28-35
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowledge production, communication, and utilization: studying biomedical alcohol research
2013 (English)In: Drugs and alcohol today, ISSN 1745-9265, E-ISSN 2042-8359, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 28-35Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: A growing body of social research analyzes how the biomedical interest in detailed molecular aspects of people's bodies (genes, biomarkers, DNA) affect everyday notions of health, risk, and responsibility for health problems. However, this research focus has been largely neglected in social alcohol research. The purpose of this paper is to report on some early findings from a study of media portrayals of biomedical alcohol research and to present a rationale for studying biomedical alcohol research more broadly. Design/methodology/approach: The empirical discussion is based on textual analysis of 90 newspaper articles published in Swedish newspapers between 1995 and 2010 and one-on-one semi-structured interviews with 24 newspaper readers about their interpretation of the newspaper portrayals. The motives for studying biomedical alcohol research more broadly are discussed in relation to existing research and theories of biomedicalization. Findings: It is found that a large majority of the newspapers cite biomedical researchers to explain the mechanisms of addiction, and that biomedical research is often presented as revolutionary in scope. However, journalists also act as storytellers who explain the biomedical research results to readers. The reward system proved to be a central notion among the interviewees, who had their own, different and varying definitions of the concept. The authors suggest a framework for analyzing how biomedical knowledge is produced, communicated and utilized by three types of key actors. Originality/value: The study presents a novel framework for studying biomedical alcohol research.

Keywords
Addiction, Alcohol, Biomedicine, Culture, Personal health, Risk analysis, Science studies, Sweden
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33762 (URN)10.1108/17459261311310826 (DOI)2-s2.0-84874813129 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-11-28 Created: 2017-11-28 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Bogren, A. (2013). Symbolic gender boundaries in news discourse on psychotropics use and drinking: An analysis of the Swedish press debate 2000–2009. NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, 21(1), 57-73
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Symbolic gender boundaries in news discourse on psychotropics use and drinking: An analysis of the Swedish press debate 2000–2009
2013 (English)In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 57-73Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Psychotropics and alcohol are psychoactive substances with different cultural meanings and opposing gender associations. This paper examines the Swedish press debate on gender and psychotropics and compares it with the press debate on gender and alcohol, aiming to identify the conditions under which gendered moral boundaries of acceptable/unacceptable consumption are defended. The study shows that boundaries acquire a heightened moral status in news stories (1) that deal with a topic related to cultural ideas about essential gender difference, (2) where the cultural status of the psychoactive substance is linked to selfish and/or hedonistic motives, and (3) where innocent victims of consumption can be identified. Moreover, it shows that the "bad" characters constructed through this moral boundary are portrayed as exhibiting "excessive masculinity" and "insufficient femininity". On the basis of these findings, it is argued that newspaper discourse on psychotropics and alcohol still relies quite heavily on gendered and heteronormative ideas.

National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33763 (URN)10.1080/08038740.2012.694908 (DOI)2-s2.0-84876042994 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-11-28 Created: 2017-11-28 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Winter, K. & Bogren, A. (2013). The realization of sexed bodies: Stable and fragile gender dichotomies in Swedish media representations of biomedical alcohol research. Women's Studies: International Forum, 37, 53-63
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The realization of sexed bodies: Stable and fragile gender dichotomies in Swedish media representations of biomedical alcohol research
2013 (English)In: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 37, p. 53-63Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33761 (URN)10.1016/j.wsif.2013.01.009 (DOI)000316534800006 ()2-s2.0-84874565405 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-11-28 Created: 2017-11-28 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Bernhardsson, J. & Bogren, A. (2012). Drink sluts, brats and immigrants as others: An analysis of Swedish media discourse on gender, alcohol, and rape. Feminist Media Studies, 11(2), 1-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Drink sluts, brats and immigrants as others: An analysis of Swedish media discourse on gender, alcohol, and rape
2012 (English)In: Feminist Media Studies, ISSN 1468-0777, E-ISSN 1471-5902, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Drawing on an analysis of the media debate on two Swedish rape cases involving alcohol, the present article argues that social norms and power structures are made visible both when debaters ascribe explanatory power to alcohol and when they do not. Using feminist intersectional theory, we argue that when debaters employ the concepts of “foreign culture” and “jet-set drinking culture,” respectively, to explain the rapes, they simultaneously (re)produce stereotypical discourses on gender, sexuality, class and ethnicity/nationality. The troublesome positions of the Immigrant, the Drink Slut and the Brat symbolize how these discourses intersect in the specific cases. To understand why alcohol is central in explaining rape in a fashionable area, but not in a socially disadvantaged area, we suggest that the official image of Sweden as a gender-equal, sexually liberal and multicultural society with small class differences blocks discussion of existing inequalities within the country. When rape happens in a place constructed as a “Swedish middle- and upper-class area,” alcohol and intoxication are used to symbolize the “uncivilized,” unpleasant and malicious among Swedish men. When rape happens in “socially disadvantaged neighbourhoods” populated by “immigrants,” the unpleasant instead resides in the “foreign culture.”

Keywords
gender; alcohol; discourse analysis; sexuality; rape; intersectionality
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33764 (URN)10.1080/14680777.2011.558344 (DOI)2-s2.0-84857283444 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-11-28 Created: 2017-11-28 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0136-1962

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