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Nygren, Gunnar
Publications (10 of 84) Show all publications
Johansson, K. M. & Nygren, G. (Eds.). (2019). Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (1ed.). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries
2019 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book explores the interplay between government and media drawing on unique evidence from, and in-depth analysis of, four national cases: Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden. Based on the chapters dedicated to each country, five additional chapters address the following cross-national themes: government communication, social media, formality/informality in journalist-source relations, mediatisation of politics, and political communication culture.

The book reveals what really goes on between the political executive and the media in everyday practices within these countries. First, it uncovers a process of mediated political-cultural change within media-political systems. Second, it illustrates the work- ings of prime ministerial power and communication aides at this apex of political power and the media and those who work there. Third, it examines both the struggle within governing institutions to control the flow of information and the tensions between civil servants and political aides, and takes the reader through the four media-political con- texts rooted in a deep knowledge of these relationships.

The result is an illuminating and original analysis of politics, political communication, media and journalism, and offers greater understanding of the realities of government – and democracy – and media in practice as well as the role of media within contemporary politics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019. p. 264 Edition: 1
National Category
Political Science Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37447 (URN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Local ID)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Archive number)1296/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Projects
Symbiotic leader-media relations? Exploring interaction between prime ministers and the media in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1296/3.1.1/2013
Note

Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2019-02-04Bibliographically approved
Appelgren, E. & Nygren, G. (2019). HiPPOs (Highest Paid Person’s Opinion) in the Swedish media industry on innovation: A study of news media leaders’ attitudes towards innovation. Journal of Media Innovations, 5(1), 45-60
Open this publication in new window or tab >>HiPPOs (Highest Paid Person’s Opinion) in the Swedish media industry on innovation: A study of news media leaders’ attitudes towards innovation
2019 (English)In: Journal of Media Innovations, ISSN 1812-7592, E-ISSN 1894-5562, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 45-60Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Decades of change in the media landscape and technological innovation have brought several uncertainties to media leadership. In this study, we build on the upper echelons theory to discuss the possible isomorphic behaviour of media leaders. Based on a survey of 372 Swedish media leaders, our results indicate that while innovation is considered to be a strength at media companies, innovation work may still stand in contrast to the institutional perspective. We found that Swedish media leaders perceive innovation as highly important and something they are good at. The perceived ability to work with innovation inside the organizations (rather than introducing knowledge from outside expertise) is undermined by the fact that, during the average work week, the majority of leaders set aside very little time for developing their own competences, individual talks with their employees, and time to reflect on their own work. Thus, in line with upper echelons theory, we find a paradox of trust in in-house innovative strength and, at the same time, media leaders fall back on their own experiences, limiting the inflow of new ideas into their strategic work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: University of Oslo, 2019
Keywords
media management; leadership; innovation; skill development; leadership roles; change
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Other research area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38146 (URN)10.5617/jomi.6503 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-05-20 Created: 2019-05-20 Last updated: 2019-08-08Bibliographically approved
Johansson, K. M. & Nygren, G. (2019). Locked in a mutual dependency: Media and the political executive in close interplay. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 247-259). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Locked in a mutual dependency: Media and the political executive in close interplay
2019 (English)In: Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 247-259Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
National Category
Political Science Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37453 (URN)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)
Projects
Symbiotic leader-media relations? Exploring interaction between prime ministers and the media in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1296/3.1.1/2013
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2019-02-01Bibliographically approved
Nygren, G. & Niemikari, R. (2019). Media logics as parts of the political toolkit: A critical discussion on theories of mediatisation of politics. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 197-220). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Media logics as parts of the political toolkit: A critical discussion on theories of mediatisation of politics
2019 (English)In: Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 197-220Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In research on mediatisation, the political system is often described as a victim of media logics. According to this theory, the logics of politics are overruled by media logics, and the political institutions become dependent on the media. This chapter questions this dichotomy between the two logics and asks to what extent media logics are used by political actors to achieve political goals. Based on the results from interviews in four countries, the relationship between politics and the media is discussed from both perspectives. The chapter also discusses different logics and functions of the media and describes a complex picture of interdependency and mutual interests. It concludes that new types of political instrumentalisation of the media are developed in the close relationship between the news media and their sources in government.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
Keywords
mediatisation, political journalism, media management, media logic, political logic
National Category
Media and Communications Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38478 (URN)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-06-25Bibliographically approved
Nord, L., Nygren, G. & Volny, S. (2019). Medierna och lokalvalen 2018: Gamla aktörer på nya digitala arenor. Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Medierna och lokalvalen 2018: Gamla aktörer på nya digitala arenor
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

De lokala valen blir allt viktigare. Allt fler väljare delar sina röster mellan olika partier samtidigt som många lokala partier tillkommit som ritar om den politiska kartan.

Här studeras de lokala valrörelserna i fem kommuner och tre regioner. Några av de centrala frågeställningarna är:

  • Vilken betydelse har sociala medier som Facebook i jämförelse med traditionella medier? Vilken roll spelar de lokala och regionala medierna i de lokala valrörelserna?
  • Vilka skillnader finns mellan olika kommuner/landsting/regioner, mellan storstädernas förorter, medietäta regionala centra och glesbygd med och utan lokalredaktioner?
  • Hur rör sig olika typer av innehåll mellan de traditionella medierna, lokala partiorganisationer och de sociala mediernas plattformar?
  • Var hämtar medborgarna underlaget inför sina röstbeslut i de lokala valen?

Den här rapporten är ett resultat av ett forskningsprojekt som koordinerats av forsknings- och innovationsprogrammet Medier och demokrati vid Lindholmen Science Park i Göteborg. Projektet har genomförts vid Mittuniversitetet i Sundsvall och Södertörns högskola i Huddinge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019. p. 145
Series
Journalistikstudier vid Södertörns högskola ; 11
Series
DEMICOM-rapport ; 40
National Category
Media Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38103 (URN)978-91-88663-69-6 (ISBN)
Note

Ingår även i serien: Medier & demokrati (Rapport 2019:2).

Available from: 2019-05-20 Created: 2019-05-20 Last updated: 2019-05-21
Johansson, K. M., Malling, M. & Nygren, G. (2019). Sweden: A professionally symbiotic relationship. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 97-123). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sweden: A professionally symbiotic relationship
2019 (English)In: Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 97-123Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter explores political executive-media relations in Sweden, with a particular focus on professional day-to-day relationships and habits. The analysis is mainly based on extensive interviews with journalists and government press secretaries, and it establishes the routinisation at work, as well as the professionalisation. The exchanges between journalists and their sources appear to be close but with recognition of each other’s professional roles. Media developments influence the relationship, and the downsizing of newsrooms, multi-platform production 24/7 and increased competition for unique news have made journalists more dependent on available sources. At the same time, professionalisation of government communication makes news management more efficient and has centralising effects on executive systems. Together these trends shift the balance between journalists and their political sources in favour of the latter. The presented findings have important implications for research on journalism, media and political executives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
Keywords
political communication, political journalism, professionalisation, mediatisation, Sweden
National Category
Political Science Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37451 (URN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Local ID)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Archive number)1296/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Projects
Symbiotic leader-media relations? Exploring interaction between prime ministers and the media in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1296/3.1.1/2013
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2019-02-01
Johansson, K. M. & Nygren, G. (2019). The interplay of media and the political executive: Introduction and framework. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 9-26). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The interplay of media and the political executive: Introduction and framework
2019 (English)In: Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 9-26Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
National Category
Political Science Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37450 (URN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Local ID)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Archive number)1296/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Projects
Symbiotic leader-media relations? Exploring interaction between prime ministers and the media in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1296/3.1.1/2013
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2019-02-01Bibliographically approved
Leckner, S., Tenor, C. & Nygren, G. (2019). What About the Hyperlocals?: The drivers, organization and economy of independent news media in Sweden. Journalism Practice, 13(1), 68-89
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What About the Hyperlocals?: The drivers, organization and economy of independent news media in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 68-89Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using a survey of a sample of hyperlocal actors in Sweden (N = 178), this article examines preconditions, motivations and sustainability for hyperlocal media operations, outside the traditional media chains, in order to provide a picture of their function in the current media landscape, and to further build on the understanding of the hyperlocal business model. This study extends the hyperlocal definition by including media platforms other than websites. The results show that the operations indeed aim to support and foster citizenship, strengthen democracy and mirror the local community. At the same time, as shown by other studies, the fact that they are not large-scale, highly profitable operations may challenge their sustainability. Nonetheless, most of them claim to be profitable, largely because of the print platform, and have a positive outlook on the future. Revenues from advertising and readership are currently less substantial for Web-based operations, which reinforces the need to broaden the definition of hyperlocal publishing platforms when talking about financial sustainability. Currently, hyperlocal media in Sweden, with small resources and a lower publishing frequency, cannot be viewed as a replacement of established media, but play important roles as complementary alternative voices and contribute to media plurality in the local community.

Keywords
alternative news, business models, community news, hyperlocal, independent news, local news, news media
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33739 (URN)10.1080/17512786.2017.1392254 (DOI)000470292600005 ()2-s2.0-85033384060 (Scopus ID)
Note

This work was supported by Jenz and Olof Hamrin’s Foundation, Sweden.

Available from: 2017-11-24 Created: 2017-11-24 Last updated: 2019-06-20Bibliographically approved
Nygren, G. & Widholm, A. (2018). Changing Norms Concerning Verification. In: Otto, Kim; Köhler, Andreas (Ed.), Trust in Media and Journalism: Empirical Perspectives on Ethics, Norms, Impacts and Populism in Europe (pp. 39-59). Wiesbaden: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Changing Norms Concerning Verification
2018 (English)In: Trust in Media and Journalism: Empirical Perspectives on Ethics, Norms, Impacts and Populism in Europe / [ed] Otto, Kim; Köhler, Andreas, Wiesbaden: Springer, 2018, p. 39-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Over the past decade, journalism has undergone dramatic changes as a result of digitalization and multi-platform news production. Online, news is no longer a static product, but a flow of liquid news packages under constant alteration. This chapter discusses how the digital news environment has influenced attitudes towards verification among journalists in Poland, Russia and Sweden. The analysis builds on a survey to 1500 journalists in these countries. Results show a strong support for verification in general, but the new liquid news environment has also created softer attitudes towards verification. Between 30–40 per cent of the journalists believe that the audience has lower demands on news published online. As many hold the view that verification of facts can be done during rather than before publication. The analysis also reveals important differences between organizational cultures and between countries. Broadcast journalists keep their old values of verification to a larger extent, and newspaper journalists seem to accept a higher amount of inaccuracy in online news. Journalists in Poland and Russia have softer attitudes towards verification than journalists in Sweden, reflecting a journalistic culture oriented towards opinions, in contrast to the Anglo-Saxon fact-oriented tradition that characterizes Swedish journalism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiesbaden: Springer, 2018
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36945 (URN)10.1007/978-3-658-20765-6_3 (DOI)978-3-658-20764-9 (ISBN)978-3-658-20765-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-12-12 Created: 2018-12-12 Last updated: 2018-12-12Bibliographically approved
Nygren, G. (2018). En komplicerad lokal medieekologi: Facebook den nya lokala offentligheten?. In: Ulrika Andersson, Anders Carlander, Elina Lindgren & Maria Oskarson (Ed.), Sprickor i fasaden: SOM-undersökningen 2017 (pp. 195-212). Göteborg: SOM-institutet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>En komplicerad lokal medieekologi: Facebook den nya lokala offentligheten?
2018 (Swedish)In: Sprickor i fasaden: SOM-undersökningen 2017 / [ed] Ulrika Andersson, Anders Carlander, Elina Lindgren & Maria Oskarson, Göteborg: SOM-institutet , 2018, p. 195-212Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Detta kapitel visar att användning av lokala medier förändras i snabb takt. Facebook har sedan 2015 gått förbi lokaltidningen som den mest använda plattformen för att hålla sig uppdaterad om vad som händer i det lokala samhället. Men de traditionella lokalmedierna – SVTs och Sveriges Radios lokala och regionala nyheter och den prenumererade lokaltidningen anses av publiken fortfarande vara viktigast. Mer lokala medier som gratistidningar och lokala nyhetssajter fyller upp där dagstidningar saknar lokalredaktioner. Resultatet blir ett komplext system där olika typer av lokala medier och plattformar kompletterar varandra, ett hybridsystem där gamla och nya lokala medier lever sida vid sida.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: SOM-institutet, 2018
Series
SOM-rapport, ISSN 0284-4788 ; 72
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36971 (URN)
Note

Felaktigt ISBN i rapporten: 978-91-89673-42-5

Available from: 2018-12-14 Created: 2018-12-14 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved
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