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Nygren, Gunnar
Publications (10 of 81) Show all publications
Johansson, K. M. & Nygren, G. (Eds.). (2019). Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (1ed.). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries
2019 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book explores the interplay between government and media drawing on unique evidence from, and in-depth analysis of, four national cases: Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden. Based on the chapters dedicated to each country, five additional chapters address the following cross-national themes: government communication, social media, formality/informality in journalist-source relations, mediatisation of politics, and political communication culture.

The book reveals what really goes on between the political executive and the media in everyday practices within these countries. First, it uncovers a process of mediated political-cultural change within media-political systems. Second, it illustrates the work- ings of prime ministerial power and communication aides at this apex of political power and the media and those who work there. Third, it examines both the struggle within governing institutions to control the flow of information and the tensions between civil servants and political aides, and takes the reader through the four media-political con- texts rooted in a deep knowledge of these relationships.

The result is an illuminating and original analysis of politics, political communication, media and journalism, and offers greater understanding of the realities of government – and democracy – and media in practice as well as the role of media within contemporary politics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019. p. 264 Edition: 1
National Category
Political Science Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37447 (URN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Local ID)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Archive number)1296/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Projects
Symbiotic leader-media relations? Exploring interaction between prime ministers and the media in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1296/3.1.1/2013
Note

Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2019-02-04Bibliographically approved
Johansson, K. M. & Nygren, G. (2019). Locked in a mutual dependency: Media and the political executive in close interplay. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 247-259). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Locked in a mutual dependency: Media and the political executive in close interplay
2019 (English)In: Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 247-259Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
National Category
Political Science Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37453 (URN)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)
Projects
Symbiotic leader-media relations? Exploring interaction between prime ministers and the media in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1296/3.1.1/2013
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2019-02-01Bibliographically approved
Johansson, K. M., Malling, M. & Nygren, G. (2019). Sweden: A professionally symbiotic relationship. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 97-123). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sweden: A professionally symbiotic relationship
2019 (English)In: Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 97-123Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter explores political executive-media relations in Sweden, with a particular focus on professional day-to-day relationships and habits. The analysis is mainly based on extensive interviews with journalists and government press secretaries, and it establishes the routinisation at work, as well as the professionalisation. The exchanges between journalists and their sources appear to be close but with recognition of each other’s professional roles. Media developments influence the relationship, and the downsizing of newsrooms, multi-platform production 24/7 and increased competition for unique news have made journalists more dependent on available sources. At the same time, professionalisation of government communication makes news management more efficient and has centralising effects on executive systems. Together these trends shift the balance between journalists and their political sources in favour of the latter. The presented findings have important implications for research on journalism, media and political executives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
Keywords
political communication, political journalism, professionalisation, mediatisation, Sweden
National Category
Political Science Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37451 (URN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Local ID)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Archive number)1296/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Projects
Symbiotic leader-media relations? Exploring interaction between prime ministers and the media in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1296/3.1.1/2013
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2019-02-01
Johansson, K. M. & Nygren, G. (2019). The interplay of media and the political executive: Introduction and framework. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 9-26). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The interplay of media and the political executive: Introduction and framework
2019 (English)In: Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 9-26Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
National Category
Political Science Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37450 (URN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Local ID)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Archive number)1296/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Projects
Symbiotic leader-media relations? Exploring interaction between prime ministers and the media in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1296/3.1.1/2013
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2019-02-01Bibliographically approved
Leckner, S., Tenor, C. & Nygren, G. (2019). What About the Hyperlocals?: The drivers, organization and economy of independent news media in Sweden. Journalism Practice, 13(1), 68-89
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What About the Hyperlocals?: The drivers, organization and economy of independent news media in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 68-89Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using a survey of a sample of hyperlocal actors in Sweden (N = 178), this article examines preconditions, motivations and sustainability for hyperlocal media operations, outside the traditional media chains, in order to provide a picture of their function in the current media landscape, and to further build on the understanding of the hyperlocal business model. This study extends the hyperlocal definition by including media platforms other than websites. The results show that the operations indeed aim to support and foster citizenship, strengthen democracy and mirror the local community. At the same time, as shown by other studies, the fact that they are not large-scale, highly profitable operations may challenge their sustainability. Nonetheless, most of them claim to be profitable, largely because of the print platform, and have a positive outlook on the future. Revenues from advertising and readership are currently less substantial for Web-based operations, which reinforces the need to broaden the definition of hyperlocal publishing platforms when talking about financial sustainability. Currently, hyperlocal media in Sweden, with small resources and a lower publishing frequency, cannot be viewed as a replacement of established media, but play important roles as complementary alternative voices and contribute to media plurality in the local community.

Keywords
alternative news, business models, community news, hyperlocal, independent news, local news, news media
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33739 (URN)10.1080/17512786.2017.1392254 (DOI)2-s2.0-85033384060 (Scopus ID)
Note

This work was supported by Jenz and Olof Hamrin’s Foundation, Sweden.

Available from: 2017-11-24 Created: 2017-11-24 Last updated: 2019-01-11Bibliographically approved
Nygren, G. & Widholm, A. (2018). Changing Norms Concerning Verification. In: Otto, Kim; Köhler, Andreas (Ed.), Trust in Media and Journalism: Empirical Perspectives on Ethics, Norms, Impacts and Populism in Europe (pp. 39-59). Wiesbaden: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Changing Norms Concerning Verification
2018 (English)In: Trust in Media and Journalism: Empirical Perspectives on Ethics, Norms, Impacts and Populism in Europe / [ed] Otto, Kim; Köhler, Andreas, Wiesbaden: Springer, 2018, p. 39-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Over the past decade, journalism has undergone dramatic changes as a result of digitalization and multi-platform news production. Online, news is no longer a static product, but a flow of liquid news packages under constant alteration. This chapter discusses how the digital news environment has influenced attitudes towards verification among journalists in Poland, Russia and Sweden. The analysis builds on a survey to 1500 journalists in these countries. Results show a strong support for verification in general, but the new liquid news environment has also created softer attitudes towards verification. Between 30–40 per cent of the journalists believe that the audience has lower demands on news published online. As many hold the view that verification of facts can be done during rather than before publication. The analysis also reveals important differences between organizational cultures and between countries. Broadcast journalists keep their old values of verification to a larger extent, and newspaper journalists seem to accept a higher amount of inaccuracy in online news. Journalists in Poland and Russia have softer attitudes towards verification than journalists in Sweden, reflecting a journalistic culture oriented towards opinions, in contrast to the Anglo-Saxon fact-oriented tradition that characterizes Swedish journalism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiesbaden: Springer, 2018
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36945 (URN)10.1007/978-3-658-20765-6_3 (DOI)978-3-658-20764-9 (ISBN)978-3-658-20765-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-12-12 Created: 2018-12-12 Last updated: 2018-12-12Bibliographically approved
Nygren, G. (2018). En komplicerad lokal medieekologi: Facebook den nya lokala offentligheten?. In: Ulrika Andersson, Anders Carlander, Elina Lindgren & Maria Oskarson (Ed.), Sprickor i fasaden: SOM-undersökningen 2017 (pp. 195-212). Göteborg: SOM-institutet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>En komplicerad lokal medieekologi: Facebook den nya lokala offentligheten?
2018 (Swedish)In: Sprickor i fasaden: SOM-undersökningen 2017 / [ed] Ulrika Andersson, Anders Carlander, Elina Lindgren & Maria Oskarson, Göteborg: SOM-institutet , 2018, p. 195-212Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Detta kapitel visar att användning av lokala medier förändras i snabb takt. Facebook har sedan 2015 gått förbi lokaltidningen som den mest använda plattformen för att hålla sig uppdaterad om vad som händer i det lokala samhället. Men de traditionella lokalmedierna – SVTs och Sveriges Radios lokala och regionala nyheter och den prenumererade lokaltidningen anses av publiken fortfarande vara viktigast. Mer lokala medier som gratistidningar och lokala nyhetssajter fyller upp där dagstidningar saknar lokalredaktioner. Resultatet blir ett komplext system där olika typer av lokala medier och plattformar kompletterar varandra, ett hybridsystem där gamla och nya lokala medier lever sida vid sida.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: SOM-institutet, 2018
Series
SOM-rapport, ISSN 0284-4788 ; 72
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36971 (URN)
Note

Felaktigt ISBN i rapporten: 978-91-89673-42-5

Available from: 2018-12-14 Created: 2018-12-14 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved
Nygren, G., Leckner, S. & Tenor, C. (2018). Hyperlocals and Legacy Media: Media Ecologies in Transition. Nordicom Review, 39(1), 33-49
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hyperlocals and Legacy Media: Media Ecologies in Transition
2018 (English)In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 33-49Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Declining legacy media seriously affects local journalism in Sweden. Since 2004, nearly every second local office for local newspapers has been closed, and local coverage is diminishing. In a parallel development, new types of hyperlocal media are growing, according to a national mapping of local media ecologies. The study presented here is based on two surveys: one of local municipalities and one of independent hyperlocals. The key question is: are hyperlocals filling the gap? In many cases, the motivation behind new hyperlocal media has been discontent with declining media coverage from legacy media. In general, however, the pattern is more complicated; most hyperlocals grow in places where legacy media is also present. The main conclusion is that hyperlocals are only partly filling the gaps from declining legacy media, while parts of Sweden are becoming “news deserts.” Another important result is that hyperlocals are developing both in print and online, often in combination, to create a sustainable business model. 

Keywords
local journalism, media ecology, free newspapers, local online news, news deserts, hyperlocal
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34190 (URN)10.1515/nor-2017-0419 (DOI)000433247600003 ()2-s2.0-85047102032 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Hyperlokal publicering
Available from: 2018-01-15 Created: 2018-01-15 Last updated: 2018-10-01Bibliographically approved
Nygren, G., Glowacki, M., Hök, J., Kiria, I., Orlova, D. & Taradai, D. (2018). Journalism in the Crossfire: Media coverage of the war in Ukraine in 2014. Journalism Studies, 19(7), 1059-1078
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Journalism in the Crossfire: Media coverage of the war in Ukraine in 2014
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 19, no 7, p. 1059-1078Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

War reporting has mostly been analyzed as a struggle between political and military control over information and journalistic professionalism. An analysis of reporting in mainstream media from the conflict in eastern Ukraine in 2014 shows that many other aspects must also be considered. In a comparative study, mainstream media coverage in four countries, Ukraine, Russia, Poland, and Sweden, was analyzed and interviews were held with journalists in the media included in the content analysis. Findings revealed significant variations in the framing of the conflict, portrayal of actors involved, and word choice across national settings. Interviews with journalists also highlighted crucial differences in approaches and perceptions. Results show that the specific journalistic culture in each country, self-censorship, and the degree of activist approach among journalists similarly play an important role in war reporting. Researchers from all four countries participated in the project.

Keywords
journalistic culture, professional values, Russia, self-censorship, Ukraine, war reporting
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31331 (URN)10.1080/1461670X.2016.1251332 (DOI)000430723500009 ()2-s2.0-84996554564 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-12-12 Created: 2016-12-09 Last updated: 2018-05-17Bibliographically approved
Nygren, G. & Schjærff Engelbrecht, N. (2018). Vita fläckar och medieskuggor - stora skillnader i mediernas kommunbevakning. In: Lars Truedson (Ed.), Mediestudiers årsbok: Tillståndet för journalistiken 2017/2018 (pp. 22-53). Stockholm: Institutet för Mediestudier
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vita fläckar och medieskuggor - stora skillnader i mediernas kommunbevakning
2018 (Swedish)In: Mediestudiers årsbok: Tillståndet för journalistiken 2017/2018 / [ed] Lars Truedson, Stockholm: Institutet för Mediestudier , 2018, p. 22-53Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

De lokala mediernas kommunbevakning lever – men den är ojämnt fördelad. I högbevakade kommuner kan medborgarna ta del av 50-60 nyheter varje vecka som berör den lokala politiken och kommunens verksamhet. I lågbevakade kommuner stannar det på 5-10 nyheter varje vecka, varav många notiser och insändare.

Kommunbevakningen har vissa gemensamma drag i alla typer av kommuner: de dominerande källorna är kommunpolitiker och tjänstemän, den vanligaste typen av konflikter handlar om missnöjda medborgare mot kommunen. Kritik mot kommunen finns mest i opinionsmaterial, två av tre nyhetsartiklar är positiva gentemot kommunen. Men det finns också skillnader i bevakningen mellan hög- och lågbevakade kommuner. Siffrorna tyder på att det är en ”snällare” bevakning i lågbevakade kommuner – färre konflikter, mindre kritik mot kommunen och mer positiva nyheter.

Finns det då ”vita fläckar” i kommunbevakningen, delar av landet som inte bevakas alls av några lokala eller regionala nyhetsmedier? Det korta svaret är nej. Ingen av de 17 kommunerna saknade helt mediebevakning under den aktuella veckan. Men studien visar också att det finns mycket stora skillnader både i omfång på bevakningen och hur bevakningen ser ut. Medieskuggorna ligger tunga över landsbygdskommuner utan lokalredaktioner och storstädernas förorter som ofta har en gratistidning som enda nyhetskälla.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutet för Mediestudier, 2018
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36970 (URN)978-91-983566-9-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-12-14 Created: 2018-12-14 Last updated: 2018-12-14Bibliographically approved
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