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Landqvist, M. (2019). Semiotic spaces in antidiscriminatory political discourse: Naming practices as indexes. Language in society (London. Print)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Semiotic spaces in antidiscriminatory political discourse: Naming practices as indexes
2019 (English)In: Language in society (London. Print), ISSN 0047-4045, E-ISSN 1469-8013Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This article explores the semiotic spaces occupied by organizations working against discrimination in Sweden. Expressions of identity, norm critique, and political goals are studied in relation to word production and language policy and planning. The study departs from interviews with representatives from three organizations within the hbtqi, antiracist, and disability movements. Other resources connected to them have also been analyzed, such as glossaries. Theoretically, this study draws on Yuri Lotman's concept of semiospheres, allowing the analysis to weigh in the whole semiotic process, including meaning production, policy work, and concrete word production. This approach completes an analysis of indexical orders. The results show that (a) organizations are aware of the importance of linguistic choices, (b) when new concepts and words are spread to the public, tension can arise and sometimes objections, and (c) word meanings change when used in public discourse. (Language policy and planning, semiosphere, indexical order, hbtqi, antiracism, disability, discrimination). 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2019
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38739 (URN)10.1017/S0047404519000459 (DOI)2-s2.0-85070098150 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-16 Created: 2019-08-16 Last updated: 2019-08-16Bibliographically approved
Bellander, T. & Landqvist, M. (2018). Becoming the expert constructing health knowledge in epistemic communities online. Information, Communication and Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Becoming the expert constructing health knowledge in epistemic communities online
2018 (English)In: Information, Communication and Society, ISSN 1369-118X, E-ISSN 1468-4462Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

From a discourse analytic framework, the article analyses health blogs and patient’s forum discussions in which parents to children with congenital heart defects recontextualize medical professional knowledge and share their own experiences. The study show how the two types of online media may serve as a means for parents to attain expert status in their own case by sharing lay knowledge expressed as an amalgamation of the two key perspectives–professional and experienced–as an indivisible unit. Monological discourses, such as narrating, in blogs and more direct and immediate responses in forum discussions are noted as examples of differences in how medical facts are explained and negotiated, how advice is provided and how patient expertise is created. The study also show how blogs and especially forum discussions are used to problematize the validity of actions and opinions of medical staff. The role of developing patient expertise in epistemic communities online may therefore come with a risk of spreading misrepresentation of medical cases. 

Keywords
Blogs, epistemic communities, knowledge building, online forums, patient expertise
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36506 (URN)10.1080/1369118X.2018.1518474 (DOI)2-s2.0-85053294395 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1328-111223-36
Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2018-10-09Bibliographically approved
Landqvist, M. & Karlsson, A.-M. (2018). "Dom tar emot det, tar tag i det och sen så går man vidare": Semantiskt arbete för gemensamt kunskapsbyggande i konsultationer om medfödda hjärtfel hos foster. Språk och interaktion, 4, 145-171, Article ID 6.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Dom tar emot det, tar tag i det och sen så går man vidare": Semantiskt arbete för gemensamt kunskapsbyggande i konsultationer om medfödda hjärtfel hos foster
2018 (Swedish)In: Språk och interaktion, ISSN 2242-2277, E-ISSN 2242-2285, Vol. 4, p. 145-171, article id 6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Studies in the Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36545 (URN)
Projects
Hälsolitteracitet och kunskapsbyggande i informationssamhället
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-01959
Available from: 2018-10-12 Created: 2018-10-12 Last updated: 2018-10-15Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, A.-M. & Landqvist, M. (2018). Gränsöverskridande meningsskapande: Om relevansen hos begrepp som text och sakprosa för förståelsen av hälsokommunikation. Sakprosa, 10(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gränsöverskridande meningsskapande: Om relevansen hos begrepp som text och sakprosa för förståelsen av hälsokommunikation
2018 (Swedish)In: Sakprosa, ISSN 1502-6000, E-ISSN 1891-5108, Vol. 10, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
sakprosa; text; interaktion; hälsokommunikation
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Studies in the Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36544 (URN)10.5617/sakprosa.5725 (DOI)
Projects
Hälsolitteracitet och kunskapsbyggande i informationssamhället
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-01959
Available from: 2018-10-12 Created: 2018-10-12 Last updated: 2018-10-15Bibliographically approved
Landqvist, M. (2018). Språkpolitiska inslag i kampen mot diskriminering. Språk och stil, 28, 176-202
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Språkpolitiska inslag i kampen mot diskriminering
2018 (Swedish)In: Språk och stil, ISSN 1101-1165, E-ISSN 2002-4010, Vol. 28, p. 176-202Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article takes an interest in words and expressions evolving as part of the fight against discrimination, derogatory attitudes and oppression. A point of departure is that linguistic changes relating to increased diversity sometimes become the object of public criticism, which in turn may produce challenges to writers and journalists, as well as to language-planning activities. The aim is to investigate new naming practices within a framework of political justice agendas of people facing discrimination, and to relate this type of language development to the work of languageplanning institutions. This study is mainly based on interviews with representatives of three Swedish organizations whose members are engaged in activism or education: the disability movement, the LGBTQ movement, and an antiracist organization. It is also based on text examples from Mediearkivet and Korp (Språkbanken) relating public discourse. Analytical results indicate that different ideological standpoints (such as tolerance policies or norm critique) generate different types of naming practices and word meanings that often exist in parallel. Suggested language-planning activities to enable viable recommendations could involve an update of ideological points of view and the identification of meaning variation regarding potentially useful expressions. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Adolf Noreen-sällskapet för Svensk Språk- och Stilforskning, 2018
Keywords
Afroswede, Anti-racism, Disability rights, Discrimination, Language policy, LGBTQ, Norm critique, Political language, Swedish language planning, Tolerance policy
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38299 (URN)10.33063/diva-376239 (DOI)2-s2.0-85065512782 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-06-11 Created: 2019-06-11 Last updated: 2019-06-11Bibliographically approved
Carlsson, T., Landqvist, M. & Mattsson, E. (2016). Communication of support and critique in Swedish virtual community threads about prenatal diagnoses of fetal anomalies. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 16(1), Article ID 199.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Communication of support and critique in Swedish virtual community threads about prenatal diagnoses of fetal anomalies
2016 (English)In: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, ISSN 1471-2393, E-ISSN 1471-2393, Vol. 16, no 1, article id 199Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: A prenatal diagnosis of a fetal anomaly involves acute grief and psychological distress. The Internet has the potential to provide virtual support following the diagnosis. The overall aim was to explore communication of support and critique in Swedish virtual community threads about prenatal diagnoses of fetal anomalies.

METHODS: Systematic searches in Google resulted in 117 eligible threads. Fifteen of these were purposefully selected and subjected to deductive content analysis.

RESULTS: The virtual support involved mainly emotional support (meaning units n = 1,992/3,688, 54 %) and was described as comforting and empowering. Posters with experience of a prenatal diagnosis appreciated the virtual support, including the opportunity to gain insight into other cases and to write about one's own experience. Critique of the decision to continue or terminate the pregnancy occurred, primarily against termination of pregnancy. However, it was met with defense.

CONCLUSIONS: Peer support, mainly emotional, is provided and highly appreciated in threads about prenatal diagnoses of a fetal anomaly. Critique of the decision to terminate the pregnancy occurs in virtual community threads about prenatal diagnoses, but the norm is to not question the decision. Future studies need to investigate if virtual peer support promotes psychosocial function following a prenatal diagnosis and what medium would be most suitable for these types of supportive structures.

National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-30690 (URN)10.1186/s12884-016-0989-6 (DOI)000380788300006 ()27473303 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84979657051 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-08-04 Created: 2016-08-04 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Landqvist, M. (2016). Rec. av Westberg, Gustav: Legitimerade föräldraskap 1870–2010: en diskurshistorisk undersökning. (Stockholm Studies in Scandinavian philology 61.) Stockholm 2016. Diss. ISBN 978-91-76494-10-0. [Review]. Språk & Stil, 26, 260-263
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rec. av Westberg, Gustav: Legitimerade föräldraskap 1870–2010: en diskurshistorisk undersökning. (Stockholm Studies in Scandinavian philology 61.) Stockholm 2016. Diss. ISBN 978-91-76494-10-0.
2016 (Swedish)In: Språk & Stil, ISSN 1101-1165, Vol. 26, p. 260-263Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Adolf Noreen-sällskapet för svensk språk- och stilforskning, 2016
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Other research area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31632 (URN)
Available from: 2017-01-10 Created: 2017-01-10 Last updated: 2018-10-09Bibliographically approved
Landqvist, M. (2016). Sense and sensibility - Online forums as epistemic arenas. Discourse, Context & Media, 13(Part B), 98-105
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sense and sensibility - Online forums as epistemic arenas
2016 (English)In: Discourse, Context & Media, ISSN 2211-6958, E-ISSN 2211-6966, Vol. 13, no Part B, p. 98-105Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

From a discourse analytic framework, this article analyses an online forum in which users give each other support in relation to a medical problem. The article relates sequences of dialogue between active users in this health forum from the perspective of digital literacy, informational support giving and rapport building. Taking into account previous studies on communication via medical forums, support giving and identity construction, this study develops and proposes some key strategies of explication of how knowledge plays a key role and is assigned to establishing contact as well as adapting themselves to other users of the forum. The role of epistemic parts in the forums is displayed through (1) encouraging further interaction, (2) bonding, and (3) attracting eligible dialogue partners. Skilful users are shown to share knowledge with each other in an informal, yet specific and substantial way. Posters are authored in flexible ways through a balance between knowledge input and emotional support giving. Knowledge is thus framed by the effects of the entanglement of epistemic and affective stances - not only by information exchanges.

Keywords
Digital literacy, Epistemic discourse, Medical forum, Online forums, Peer support
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-30645 (URN)10.1016/j.dcm.2016.05.007 (DOI)000386318900004 ()2-s2.0-84977524089 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-07-20 Created: 2016-07-19 Last updated: 2018-04-05Bibliographically approved
Landqvist, M. (2015). A professional–cultural approach to discrimination – constructions of police discrimination in two European countries. Journal of Multicultural Discourses, 10(3), 313-331
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A professional–cultural approach to discrimination – constructions of police discrimination in two European countries
2015 (English)In: Journal of Multicultural Discourses, ISSN 1744-7143, E-ISSN 1747-6615, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 313-331Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

From a critical analytical framework, this article analyses survey responses conveying Swedish and German police officers' understanding of discriminatory behaviour in the workplace. The article relates discursive constructions of discrimination made in respondents' accounts of potential factors behind discrimination, and in positioning oneself. Taking into account previous studies on constructions of discrimination, this study develops and proposes some key strategies of explication of the cultural meanings assigned to forms of discrimination as well as justification of or resistance to discriminatory behaviour in professional contexts. Resistance to discrimination is displayed through (1) exposition of reasons behind discrimination, (2) display of a critical self-image and (3) strategic choice of mode of report. Differences to be found between Swedish and German respondents are attention to detail, to underlying factors in discrimination and to typical communicative practices regarding discriminatory behaviour. Sexism is acknowledged as a violation to a comparatively high degree, whereas racism is reported much less.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2015
Keywords
Discrimination, cultural critical discourse analysis, police, racism, sexism
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Other research area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28210 (URN)10.1080/17447143.2015.1071822 (DOI)000214180000003 ()2-s2.0-84945450796 (Scopus ID)1298/42/2009 (Local ID)1298/42/2009 (Archive number)1298/42/2009 (OAI)
Projects
Hur uppstår rasism?
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1298/42/2009
Available from: 2015-09-07 Created: 2015-09-07 Last updated: 2018-11-13Bibliographically approved
Landqvist, M. (2015). En vit man, stor och stark: positioneringar inom polisen. In: Magnusson, Jenny; Milles, Karin; Nikolaidou, Zoe (Ed.), Könskonstruktioner och språkförändringar: Rapport från den åttonde nordiska konferensen om språk och kön (pp. 129-144). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>En vit man, stor och stark: positioneringar inom polisen
2015 (Swedish)In: Könskonstruktioner och språkförändringar: Rapport från den åttonde nordiska konferensen om språk och kön / [ed] Magnusson, Jenny; Milles, Karin; Nikolaidou, Zoe, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2015, p. 129-144Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2015
Series
Text- och samtalsstudier från Södertörns högskola ; 3
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-27791 (URN)978-91-87843-23-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-06-18 Created: 2015-06-18 Last updated: 2015-07-01Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1538-7095

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