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Bellander, T. & Landqvist, M. (2018). Becoming the expert constructing health knowledge in epistemic communities online. Information, Communication and Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Becoming the expert constructing health knowledge in epistemic communities online
2018 (English)In: Information, Communication and Society, ISSN 1369-118X, E-ISSN 1468-4462Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

From a discourse analytic framework, the article analyses health blogs and patient’s forum discussions in which parents to children with congenital heart defects recontextualize medical professional knowledge and share their own experiences. The study show how the two types of online media may serve as a means for parents to attain expert status in their own case by sharing lay knowledge expressed as an amalgamation of the two key perspectives–professional and experienced–as an indivisible unit. Monological discourses, such as narrating, in blogs and more direct and immediate responses in forum discussions are noted as examples of differences in how medical facts are explained and negotiated, how advice is provided and how patient expertise is created. The study also show how blogs and especially forum discussions are used to problematize the validity of actions and opinions of medical staff. The role of developing patient expertise in epistemic communities online may therefore come with a risk of spreading misrepresentation of medical cases. 

Keywords
Blogs, epistemic communities, knowledge building, online forums, patient expertise
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36506 (URN)10.1080/1369118X.2018.1518474 (DOI)2-s2.0-85053294395 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1328-111223-36
Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2018-10-09Bibliographically approved
Landqvist, M. & Karlsson, A.-M. (2018). "Dom tar emot det, tar tag i det och sen så går man vidare": Semantiskt arbete för gemensamt kunskapsbyggande i konsultationer om medfödda hjärtfel hos foster. Språk och interaktion, 4, 145-171, Article ID 6.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Dom tar emot det, tar tag i det och sen så går man vidare": Semantiskt arbete för gemensamt kunskapsbyggande i konsultationer om medfödda hjärtfel hos foster
2018 (Swedish)In: Språk och interaktion, ISSN 2242-2277, E-ISSN 2242-2285, Vol. 4, p. 145-171, article id 6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Studies in the Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36545 (URN)
Projects
Hälsolitteracitet och kunskapsbyggande i informationssamhället
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-01959
Available from: 2018-10-12 Created: 2018-10-12 Last updated: 2018-10-15Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, A.-M. & Landqvist, M. (2018). Gränsöverskridande meningsskapande: Om relevansen hos begrepp som text och sakprosa för förståelsen av hälsokommunikation. Sakprosa, 10(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gränsöverskridande meningsskapande: Om relevansen hos begrepp som text och sakprosa för förståelsen av hälsokommunikation
2018 (Swedish)In: Sakprosa, ISSN 1502-6000, E-ISSN 1891-5108, Vol. 10, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
sakprosa; text; interaktion; hälsokommunikation
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Studies in the Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36544 (URN)10.5617/sakprosa.5725 (DOI)
Projects
Hälsolitteracitet och kunskapsbyggande i informationssamhället
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-01959
Available from: 2018-10-12 Created: 2018-10-12 Last updated: 2018-10-15Bibliographically approved
Carlsson, T., Landqvist, M. & Mattsson, E. (2016). Communication of support and critique in Swedish virtual community threads about prenatal diagnoses of fetal anomalies. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 16(1), Article ID 199.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Communication of support and critique in Swedish virtual community threads about prenatal diagnoses of fetal anomalies
2016 (English)In: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, ISSN 1471-2393, E-ISSN 1471-2393, Vol. 16, no 1, article id 199Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: A prenatal diagnosis of a fetal anomaly involves acute grief and psychological distress. The Internet has the potential to provide virtual support following the diagnosis. The overall aim was to explore communication of support and critique in Swedish virtual community threads about prenatal diagnoses of fetal anomalies.

METHODS: Systematic searches in Google resulted in 117 eligible threads. Fifteen of these were purposefully selected and subjected to deductive content analysis.

RESULTS: The virtual support involved mainly emotional support (meaning units n = 1,992/3,688, 54 %) and was described as comforting and empowering. Posters with experience of a prenatal diagnosis appreciated the virtual support, including the opportunity to gain insight into other cases and to write about one's own experience. Critique of the decision to continue or terminate the pregnancy occurred, primarily against termination of pregnancy. However, it was met with defense.

CONCLUSIONS: Peer support, mainly emotional, is provided and highly appreciated in threads about prenatal diagnoses of a fetal anomaly. Critique of the decision to terminate the pregnancy occurs in virtual community threads about prenatal diagnoses, but the norm is to not question the decision. Future studies need to investigate if virtual peer support promotes psychosocial function following a prenatal diagnosis and what medium would be most suitable for these types of supportive structures.

National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-30690 (URN)10.1186/s12884-016-0989-6 (DOI)000380788300006 ()27473303 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84979657051 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-08-04 Created: 2016-08-04 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Landqvist, M. (2016). Rec. av Westberg, Gustav: Legitimerade föräldraskap 1870–2010: en diskurshistorisk undersökning. (Stockholm Studies in Scandinavian philology 61.) Stockholm 2016. Diss. ISBN 978-91-76494-10-0. [Review]. Språk & Stil, 26, 260-263
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rec. av Westberg, Gustav: Legitimerade föräldraskap 1870–2010: en diskurshistorisk undersökning. (Stockholm Studies in Scandinavian philology 61.) Stockholm 2016. Diss. ISBN 978-91-76494-10-0.
2016 (Swedish)In: Språk & Stil, ISSN 1101-1165, Vol. 26, p. 260-263Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Adolf Noreen-sällskapet för svensk språk- och stilforskning, 2016
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Other research area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31632 (URN)
Available from: 2017-01-10 Created: 2017-01-10 Last updated: 2018-10-09Bibliographically approved
Landqvist, M. (2016). Sense and sensibility - Online forums as epistemic arenas. Discourse, Context & Media, 13(Part B), 98-105
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sense and sensibility - Online forums as epistemic arenas
2016 (English)In: Discourse, Context & Media, ISSN 2211-6958, E-ISSN 2211-6966, Vol. 13, no Part B, p. 98-105Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

From a discourse analytic framework, this article analyses an online forum in which users give each other support in relation to a medical problem. The article relates sequences of dialogue between active users in this health forum from the perspective of digital literacy, informational support giving and rapport building. Taking into account previous studies on communication via medical forums, support giving and identity construction, this study develops and proposes some key strategies of explication of how knowledge plays a key role and is assigned to establishing contact as well as adapting themselves to other users of the forum. The role of epistemic parts in the forums is displayed through (1) encouraging further interaction, (2) bonding, and (3) attracting eligible dialogue partners. Skilful users are shown to share knowledge with each other in an informal, yet specific and substantial way. Posters are authored in flexible ways through a balance between knowledge input and emotional support giving. Knowledge is thus framed by the effects of the entanglement of epistemic and affective stances - not only by information exchanges.

Keywords
Digital literacy, Epistemic discourse, Medical forum, Online forums, Peer support
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-30645 (URN)10.1016/j.dcm.2016.05.007 (DOI)000386318900004 ()2-s2.0-84977524089 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-07-20 Created: 2016-07-19 Last updated: 2018-04-05Bibliographically approved
Landqvist, M. (2015). A professional–cultural approach to discrimination – constructions of police discrimination in two European countries. Journal of Multicultural Discourses, 10(3), 313-331
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A professional–cultural approach to discrimination – constructions of police discrimination in two European countries
2015 (English)In: Journal of Multicultural Discourses, ISSN 1744-7143, E-ISSN 1747-6615, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 313-331Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

From a critical analytical framework, this article analyses survey responses conveying Swedish and German police officers' understanding of discriminatory behaviour in the workplace. The article relates discursive constructions of discrimination made in respondents' accounts of potential factors behind discrimination, and in positioning oneself. Taking into account previous studies on constructions of discrimination, this study develops and proposes some key strategies of explication of the cultural meanings assigned to forms of discrimination as well as justification of or resistance to discriminatory behaviour in professional contexts. Resistance to discrimination is displayed through (1) exposition of reasons behind discrimination, (2) display of a critical self-image and (3) strategic choice of mode of report. Differences to be found between Swedish and German respondents are attention to detail, to underlying factors in discrimination and to typical communicative practices regarding discriminatory behaviour. Sexism is acknowledged as a violation to a comparatively high degree, whereas racism is reported much less.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2015
Keywords
Discrimination, cultural critical discourse analysis, police, racism, sexism
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Other research area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28210 (URN)10.1080/17447143.2015.1071822 (DOI)000214180000003 ()2-s2.0-84945450796 (Scopus ID)1298/42/2009 (Local ID)1298/42/2009 (Archive number)1298/42/2009 (OAI)
Projects
Hur uppstår rasism?
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1298/42/2009
Available from: 2015-09-07 Created: 2015-09-07 Last updated: 2018-11-13Bibliographically approved
Landqvist, M. (2015). En vit man, stor och stark: positioneringar inom polisen. In: Magnusson, Jenny; Milles, Karin; Nikolaidou, Zoe (Ed.), Könskonstruktioner och språkförändringar: Rapport från den åttonde nordiska konferensen om språk och kön (pp. 129-144). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>En vit man, stor och stark: positioneringar inom polisen
2015 (Swedish)In: Könskonstruktioner och språkförändringar: Rapport från den åttonde nordiska konferensen om språk och kön / [ed] Magnusson, Jenny; Milles, Karin; Nikolaidou, Zoe, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2015, p. 129-144Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2015
Series
Text- och samtalsstudier från Södertörns högskola ; 3
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-27791 (URN)978-91-87843-23-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-06-18 Created: 2015-06-18 Last updated: 2015-07-01Bibliographically approved
Landqvist, M. (Ed.). (2015). Från social kategorisering till diskriminering: Fyra studier av språk och diskriminering och ett modellförslag. Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Från social kategorisering till diskriminering: Fyra studier av språk och diskriminering och ett modellförslag
2015 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Språkbruk ligger till grund för många av de föreställningar och tolkningar som vi dagligen gör av oss själva och andra. Kategoriseringar ingår därmed som byggstenar i de kunskapsdiskurser som styr hur vi agerar med och mot varandra, t.ex. när någon blir diskriminerad. Både social kategorisering och diskrimninering är tätt förknippade med vårt sökande efter identitet, åt oss själva eller andra, med tillhörande värderingar. Sambandet mellan social kategorisering och språkbruk är därmed på flera olika sätt nära sammankopplat och värt en nämrare granskning.

Alla bidrag i den här antologin har ambitionen att närma sig en sådan granskning, och de syftar till att visa på vilket sätt språk är en oundgänglig faktor i den sociala analysen av diskriminering. De medverkande författarna har gjort sina undersökningar utifrån olika material, olika analysmetoder och delvis olika teorier.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2015. p. 153
Series
Text- och samtalsstudier från Södertörns högskola ; 4
National Category
Specific Languages
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-27942 (URN)978-91-87843-26-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-07-14 Created: 2015-07-14 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Kahlin, L., Landqvist, M. & Tykesson, I. (Eds.). (2015). Språk och identitet: Rapport från ASLA:s symposium, Södertörns högskola 8–9 maj 2014 (1ed.). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola / Association Suédoise de Linguistique Appliquée (ASLA)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Språk och identitet: Rapport från ASLA:s symposium, Södertörns högskola 8–9 maj 2014
2015 (Swedish)Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Språk och identitet var temat för ASLA:s symposium som hölls på Södertörns högskola under två dagar i maj 2014. Under symposiet kunde vi ta del av ett fyrtiotal bidrag av föreläsare som rapporterade från forskning inom ett stort antal områden. I flertalet bidrag låg fokus på språkets roll för identitetsskapande processer i arbetsliv, utbildning eller medier. Sammantaget visade bidragen att det språkvetenskapliga fältet erbjuder en rad olika metoder för att analysera språkets roll i konstruktionen och förhandlingen av identitet.

I flera bidrag kopplas identitet till flerspråkighet och lärande, medan andra rör identitet och flerspråkighet i arbetslivet, till exempel de nya krav på litteracitet som förändrade organisationsformer för med sig.

Tretton av symposiebidragen presenteras i den här volymen. De flesta undersökningarna är gjorda på svenskt språkområde, men till symposiet kom glädjande nog även föredragshållare från en rad andra länder.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola / Association Suédoise de Linguistique Appliquée (ASLA), 2015. p. 194 Edition: 1
Series
Text- och samtalsstudier från Södertörns högskola ; 5
Series
ASLA:s skriftserie, ISSN 1100-5629 ; 25
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28399 (URN)978-91-87843-28-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-09-25 Created: 2015-09-25 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1538-7095

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