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Holmén, Janne, DocentORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2449-4888
Publications (10 of 28) Show all publications
Holmén, J. & Ringarp, J. (2023). Public, private, or in between?: Institutional isomorphism and the legal entities in Swedish and Finnish higher education. Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy (1), 57-71
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Public, private, or in between?: Institutional isomorphism and the legal entities in Swedish and Finnish higher education
2023 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy, ISSN 2002-0317, no 1, p. 57-71Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the past few centuries, an accelerating process of legalization and classification have moulded the diverse range of earlier institutions into a limited number of isomorphic organizational forms. Today, institutions of higher education, with their roots in the corporate forms of medieval universities, can also have the legal status of, for example, government agencies, associations under public law, foundations, and joint stock companies. This article investigates the types of legal entities Swedish and Finnish institutions of higher education have been organized into in the period from the 1990s until 2020, and why these particular types have been chosen. It also explores how the special characteristics, aims, and demands of the university have caused adaptations to organizational forms such as joint stock companies and foundations. Comparative studies benefit from investigating societies that are as similar to each other as possible, making it easier to identify and isolate the effects of the factors that actually differ. In this respect, Finland and Sweden are ideal for comparative studies. Both Swedish and Finnish institutions of higher education have experienced coercive, mimetic, normative, and managerial-professional isomorphic pressure. However, there are important pre-existing national differences, such as the greater reliance on public agencies in Sweden and the multiplicity of semi-private legal entities in Finland, most significantly the associations under public law. These differences made the transition of universities into independent legal entities seem natural in Finland in 2009, while it was too radical in the Swedish context. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
Keywords
associations under public law, foundations, joint stock companies, public agencies, universities
National Category
History Educational Sciences
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50466 (URN)10.1080/20020317.2022.2155348 (DOI)2-s2.0-85144237722 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 11/2018
Available from: 2023-01-02 Created: 2023-01-02 Last updated: 2023-06-13Bibliographically approved
Holmén, J. & Ringarp, J. (2023). Reforms of higher education and research in the Nordic countries: global trends and Nordic models in Academia. Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy, 9(1), 1-3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reforms of higher education and research in the Nordic countries: global trends and Nordic models in Academia
2023 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy, ISSN 2002-0317, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 1-3Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
academic freedom, higher education, Nordic model, semiperipheral states, university autonomy
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51210 (URN)10.1080/20020317.2023.2185367 (DOI)2-s2.0-85149477766 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 11/2018
Available from: 2023-03-20 Created: 2023-03-20 Last updated: 2023-06-13Bibliographically approved
Holmén, J. & Ringarp, J. (2022). Becoming universities?: Academisation and the integration of Finnish and Swedish teacher education institutions into the system of higher education. In: Jesper Eckhardt Larsen; Barbara Schulte; Fredrik W. Thue (Ed.), Schoolteachers and the Nordic Model: Comparative and Historical Perspectives (pp. 113-126). Abingdon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Becoming universities?: Academisation and the integration of Finnish and Swedish teacher education institutions into the system of higher education
2022 (English)In: Schoolteachers and the Nordic Model: Comparative and Historical Perspectives / [ed] Jesper Eckhardt Larsen; Barbara Schulte; Fredrik W. Thue, Abingdon: Routledge, 2022, p. 113-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2022
Series
Oxford Studies in Comparative Education, ISSN 0961-2149
Keywords
University, teacher education, Finland, Sweden
National Category
History of Ideas
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-47766 (URN)10.4324/9781003082514-9 (DOI)9780367535858 (ISBN)9781003082514 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 11/2018
Available from: 2021-12-10 Created: 2021-12-10 Last updated: 2022-01-31Bibliographically approved
Furuhagen, B. & Holmén, J. (2022). Teachers as a political force: Teacher unions, teacher cultures, and teacher education in Sweden and Finland, 1970–2020. In: Jesper Eckhardt Larsen; Barbara Schulte; Fredrik W. Thue (Ed.), Schoolteachers and the Nordic Model: Comparative and Historical Perspectives (pp. 157-170). Abingdon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Teachers as a political force: Teacher unions, teacher cultures, and teacher education in Sweden and Finland, 1970–2020
2022 (English)In: Schoolteachers and the Nordic Model: Comparative and Historical Perspectives / [ed] Jesper Eckhardt Larsen; Barbara Schulte; Fredrik W. Thue, Abingdon: Routledge, 2022, p. 157-170Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter investigates the differing roles of teacher unions in Sweden and Finland. In Sweden, there are separate teacher unions for subject teachers, with their roots in the grammar-school tradition, and for class teachers, rooted in the folk-school tradition. In Finland, these two teacher categories were merged into one union in the early 1970s. The Swedish teacher unions have different views on the organisation and content of teacher education, with disagreements focused on lower secondary school, where both subject and class teachers claim the right to teach. This has been connected to ideological arguments, where subject teachers have defended the role of subject knowledge in teacher education, supported by the political centre-right, and class teachers have argued for the importance of general pedagogical skills, supported by the Social Democrats. This has led to new reforms of teacher education at every change of government since the 1970s. During this entire period, no new reforms of teacher education have taken place in Finland where the united teacher union has, in order to please both categories of teachers, emphasised flexibility and the importance of in-service training as a means of adapting teachers’ competencies for different student age groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2022
Series
Oxford Studies in Comparative Education, ISSN 0961-2149
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-48289 (URN)10.4324/9781003082514-12 (DOI)9780367535858 (ISBN)9781003082514 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-01-31 Created: 2022-01-31 Last updated: 2022-01-31Bibliographically approved
Holmén, J. (2022). The autonomy of higher education in Finland and Sweden: global management trends meet national political culture and governance models. Comparative Education, 58(2), 147-163
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The autonomy of higher education in Finland and Sweden: global management trends meet national political culture and governance models
2022 (English)In: Comparative Education, ISSN 0305-0068, E-ISSN 1360-0486, Vol. 58, no 2, p. 147-163Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Due to their common history, Finland and Sweden share many similarities. However, important differences have also developed in constitutional law, political culture and governance models. These differences have affected the implementation of international trends in the governance of higher education in the two countries. Both the Finnish and Swedish governments have strived to give institutions of higher education more formal autonomy through legislative and constitutional measures while increasing the external representations in their governing boards. However, in Finland, strong constitutional safeguards for university autonomy have counteracted the growth of external influence. The differences between the countries in this regard have their roots in political culture. There is a stronger emphasis on the division of power in Finland, as in other states that have experienced periods of political turmoil, while in Sweden, long dominated by strong social democracy, checks and balances have been considered undemocratic obstacles to the will of the people.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2022
National Category
History of Ideas
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-48055 (URN)10.1080/03050068.2021.2018826 (DOI)000739179700001 ()2-s2.0-85122304669 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 11/2018
Available from: 2022-01-14 Created: 2022-01-14 Last updated: 2023-06-13Bibliographically approved
Koivunen, A., Ojala, J. & Holmén, J. (2021). Always in crisis, always a solution?: The Nordic model as a political and scholarly concept. In: Anu Koivunen; Jari Ojala; Janne Holmén (Ed.), The Nordic Economic, Social and Political Model: (pp. 1-19). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Always in crisis, always a solution?: The Nordic model as a political and scholarly concept
2021 (English)In: The Nordic Economic, Social and Political Model / [ed] Anu Koivunen; Jari Ojala; Janne Holmén, London: Routledge, 2021, p. 1-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter analyses the Nordic model as an empirical, policy-based phenomenon and as a political idea and a trope for the imagination through the lenses of social scientists and historians. The emergence and development of the Nordic model as a concept in international discussion can be roughly outlined by a quantitative bibliometric analysis using Google Books Ngrams. The notion of a distinctive Nordic social model began to attract international attention during the Great Depression of the 1930s. The prime minister of Denmark, Anker Jørgensen, answered by defining the common core of the Nordic model as democracy, welfare state, peace, solidarity with the Third World and, despite the differences between the Nordic countries, a strong cultural affiliation. In the Nordic context, scholarship on the Nordic model is a vast and lively field – impossible to subsume in a way that accurately mirrors its diversity and complexity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2021
Series
Perspectives in Economic and Social History
National Category
History Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-46519 (URN)10.4324/9780429026690-1 (DOI)2-s2.0-85109653587 (Scopus ID)9780367134754 (ISBN)9780429026690 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-10-01 Created: 2021-10-01 Last updated: 2021-11-25Bibliographically approved
Holmén, J. (2021). Education 4.0.: Nordic long-term planning and educational policies in the fourth industrial revolution. In: Anu Koivunen; Jari Ojala; Janne Holmén (Ed.), The Nordic Economic, Social and Political Model: (pp. 242-256). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Education 4.0.: Nordic long-term planning and educational policies in the fourth industrial revolution
2021 (English)In: The Nordic Economic, Social and Political Model / [ed] Anu Koivunen; Jari Ojala; Janne Holmén, London: Routledge, 2021, p. 242-256Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter analyzes how government planning in Sweden, Finland, and Norway perceives the challenges caused by rapid technological and societal change, and its recommendations for how the educational system should adapt to these challenges. Long-term forecasts and plans for economic and social development will be investigated to determine whether they predict a future in which technological advancement will continue at the current pace, or whether they foresee an imminent dramatic increase in the pace of innovation and technological advancement. Wolfgang Streeck bases his prediction that the current interregnum will continue indefinitely on the absence of a practically possible vision of a progressive future. A common explanation for the rise of income inequalities since the 1970s is skill-biased technological change. The most visible advocate of the idea that people are approaching a fourth industrial revolution is Klaus Schwab, executive chairman of the World Economic Forum (WEF).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2021
Series
Perspectives in Economic and Social History
National Category
History Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-46521 (URN)10.4324/9780429026690-13 (DOI)2-s2.0-85109658904 (Scopus ID)9780367134754 (ISBN)9780429026690 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-10-01 Created: 2021-10-01 Last updated: 2021-11-25Bibliographically approved
Koivunen, A., Ojala, J. & Holmén, J. (Eds.). (2021). The Nordic Economic, Social and Political Model. London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Nordic Economic, Social and Political Model
2021 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Nordic Model is the 20th-century Scandinavian recipe for combining stable democracies, individual freedom, economic growth and comprehensive systems for social security. But what happens when Sweden and Finland – two countries topping global indexes for competitiveness, productivity, growth, quality of life, prosperity, and equality – start doubting themselves and their future? Is the Nordic Model at a crossroads?

Historically, consensus, continuity, social cohesion, and broad social trust have been hailed as key components for the success and for the self-images of Sweden and Finland. In the contemporary, however, political debates in both countries are increasingly focused on risks, threats, and worry. Social disintegration, political polarization, geopolitical anxieties, and threat of terrorism are often dominant themes. This book focuses on what appears to be a paradox: countries with low income differences, high faith in social institutions, and relatively high cultural homogeneity becoming fixated on the fear of polarization, disintegration, and diminished social trust. Unpacking the presentist discourse of "worry" and a sense of interregnum at the face of geopolitical tensions, digitalization, and globalization, as well as challenges to democracy, the chapters take steps back in time and explore the current conjecture through the eyes of historians and social scientists, addressing key aspects of and challenges to both the contemporary and future Nordic Model. In addition, the functioning and efficacy of the participatory democracy and current protocols of decision-making are debated.

This work is essential reading for students and scholars of the welfare state, social reforms, and populism, as well as Nordic and Scandinavian studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2021. p. 272
Series
Perspectives in Economic and Social History
National Category
History Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-46518 (URN)10.4324/9780429026690 (DOI)2-s2.0-85109727831 (Scopus ID)9780367134754 (ISBN)9780429026690 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-10-01 Created: 2021-10-01 Last updated: 2021-11-25Bibliographically approved
Holmén, J. (2021). Åländsk högre utbildning: Styrning och autonomi. In: Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark (Ed.), Styr ålänningarna sitt öde?: demokratiperspektiv på Åland (pp. 75-96). Mariehamn: Cavannus
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Åländsk högre utbildning: Styrning och autonomi
2021 (Swedish)In: Styr ålänningarna sitt öde?: demokratiperspektiv på Åland / [ed] Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark, Mariehamn: Cavannus , 2021, p. 75-96Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mariehamn: Cavannus, 2021
National Category
History of Ideas
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51663 (URN)9789526947310 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 11/2018
Available from: 2023-06-13 Created: 2023-06-13 Last updated: 2023-06-13Bibliographically approved
Holmén, J. & Ringarp, J. (2020). 1968 och reformer av högre utbildning i Finland och Sverige. In: Anders Burman & Joakim Landahl (Ed.), 1968 och pedagogiken: (pp. 49-69). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>1968 och reformer av högre utbildning i Finland och Sverige
2020 (Swedish)In: 1968 och pedagogiken / [ed] Anders Burman & Joakim Landahl, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 49-69Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020
Series
Södertörn Academic Studies, ISSN 1650-433X ; 81Södertörn Studies in Intellectual and Cultural History ; 4
Keywords
Högre utbildning, Finland, Sverige, reformer, 1968
National Category
History of Ideas
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-41563 (URN)978-91-89109-17-9 (ISBN)978-91-89109-18-6 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 11/2018
Available from: 2020-07-13 Created: 2020-07-13 Last updated: 2020-12-14Bibliographically approved
Projects
Islands of Identity: Identity Building on Bornholm, Gotland, Åland, Saaremaa and Hiiumaa, 1800–2000 [A041-2008_OSS]; Södertörn University; Publications
Edquist, S. & Holmén, J. (2015). Islands of Identity: History-writing and identity formation in five island regions in the Baltic Sea (1ed.). Huddinge: Södertörns högskolaHolmén, J. (2014). A small separate fatherland of our own: regional history writing and regional identity on islands in the Baltic Sea. Island Studies Journal, 9(1), 135-154Holmén, J. (2014). Fluctuating Dynastic and National Affiliation: The Impact of War and Unrest on Bornholm, Åland, and Saaremaa. In: Götz, Norbert (Ed.), The Sea of Identities: A Century of Baltic and East European Experiences with Nationality, Class, and Gender (pp. 31-52). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Spaces of Expectation: Mental Mapping and Historical Imagination in the Baltic Sea and Mediterranean Region [41/2013_OSS]; Södertörn University; Publications
Petrogiannis, V. (2020). European Mobility and Spatial Belongings: Greek and Latvian migrants in Sweden. (Doctoral dissertation). Huddinge: Södertörns högskolaHolmén, J. (2020). Perception of the Baltic Sea and Mediterranean regions among secondary school students. Journal of Baltic Studies, 51(4), 513-531Holmén, J. (2020). Time and Space in Time and Space: Mapping the Conceptual History of Mental Maps and Historical Consciousness. Contributions to the History of Concepts, 15(2), 105-129Holmén, J. (2018). Changing mental maps of the Baltic Sea and Mediterranean regions. Journal of Cultural Geography, 35(2), 230-250Götz, N. & Holmén, J. (2018). Introduction to the theme issue: “Mental maps: geographical and historical perspectives”. Journal of Cultural Geography, 25(2), 157-161Kurunmäki, J., Heyberger, B., Dialla, A., Zanou, K. & Isabella, M. (2018). Mediterranean diasporas: politics and ideas in the long 19th century. Global Intellectual History, 3(3), 331-349Götz, N. & Holmén, J. (Eds.). (2018). Mental Maps: Geographical and Historical Perspectives. Abingdon: RoutledgeHolmén, J. (2017). Mapping Historical Consciousness: Mental Maps of Time and Space among Secondary School Students from Ten Locations around the Baltic and Mediterranean Seas. Journal of Autonomy and Security Studies, 1(1), 46-75Kurunmäki, J. (2016). Challenges of Transnational Regional Democracy: Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference, 1991-2015. Comparativ. Zeitschrift für Globalgeschichte und vergleichende Gesellschaftsforschung, 26(5), 43-57Götz, N. (2016). Mapping the oeuvre of Larry Wolff. In: Mental Mapping and Eastern Europe: (pp. 5-10). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Driving forces of democracy. Context and characteristics in the democratization of Finland and Sweden 1890-2020 [40/2014_OSS]; Södertörn University; Publications
Nilsson, T. (2021). Conservatives at the Crossroads: Cooperating or resisting extremism and populism?. In: Anu Koivunen; Jari Ojala; Janne Holmén (Ed.), The Nordic Economic, Social and Political Model: Challenges in the 21st Century (pp. 138-152). London & New York: RoutledgeÖstberg, K. (2021). The decline of Nordic social democracy. In: Anu Koivunen; Jari Ojala; Janne Holmén (Ed.), The Nordic Economic, Social and Political Model: Challenges in the 21st Century (pp. 124-137). London: RoutledgeHolmén, J. (2020). Nordic Models for a Democratic School: Educational Reform and Political Culture in Sweden and Finland 1960–2020. Independently publishedBlomberg, E. (2018). Att söka rättvisa: könsdiskriminering och jämställdhet i Finland och Sverige. In: Henrik Meinander, Petri Karonen & Kjell Östberg (Ed.), Demokratins drivkrafter: kontext och särdrag i Sveriges och Finlands demokratier 1890–2020 (pp. 325-358). Stockholm: Appell förlagMeinander, H., Karonen, P. & Östberg, K. (Eds.). (2018). Demokratins drivkrafter: kontext och särdrag i Sveriges och Finlands demokratier 1890–2020. Stockholm: Appell förlagÖstberg, K. (2018). När ingen längre kokar kaffe – eller vad har hänt med folkrörelsepartierna?. In: Henrik Meinander, Petri Karonen & Kjell Östberg (Ed.), Demokratins drivkrafter: kontext och särdrag i Sveriges och Finlands demokratier 1890–2020 (pp. 391-422). Stockholm: Appell förlag
Meritocracy, democracy or market? Governance of higher education in Finland and Sweden, 1965-2018 [11/2018_OSS]; Södertörn University; Publications
Holmén, J. & Ringarp, J. (2023). Public, private, or in between?: Institutional isomorphism and the legal entities in Swedish and Finnish higher education. Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy (1), 57-71Holmén, J. & Ringarp, J. (2023). Reforms of higher education and research in the Nordic countries: global trends and Nordic models in Academia. Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy, 9(1), 1-3Holmén, J. & Ringarp, J. (2022). Becoming universities?: Academisation and the integration of Finnish and Swedish teacher education institutions into the system of higher education. In: Jesper Eckhardt Larsen; Barbara Schulte; Fredrik W. Thue (Ed.), Schoolteachers and the Nordic Model: Comparative and Historical Perspectives (pp. 113-126). Abingdon: RoutledgeHolmén, J. (2022). The autonomy of higher education in Finland and Sweden: global management trends meet national political culture and governance models. Comparative Education, 58(2), 147-163Holmén, J. (2021). Åländsk högre utbildning: Styrning och autonomi. In: Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark (Ed.), Styr ålänningarna sitt öde?: demokratiperspektiv på Åland (pp. 75-96). Mariehamn: CavannusHolmén, J. & Ringarp, J. (2020). 1968 och reformer av högre utbildning i Finland och Sverige. In: Anders Burman & Joakim Landahl (Ed.), 1968 och pedagogiken: (pp. 49-69). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Figuring Politics – Spatial Diagrams of the Political System in Global Upper Secondary School Civics Textbooks (1900–) [2020-03124_VR]; Uppsala University
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2449-4888

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