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Saxonberg, S., Sirovátka, T. & Csudai, E. (2024). Crisis? What crisis? Social policy when crises are and are not crises in Czechia, Hungary and Slovakia. Social Policy & Administration
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Crisis? What crisis? Social policy when crises are and are not crises in Czechia, Hungary and Slovakia
2024 (English)In: Social Policy & Administration, ISSN 0144-5596, E-ISSN 1467-9515Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In this article, we analyse how different governments have dealt with situations, labelled as ‘crises’ in the international and national discourses. More specifically, we analyse how the Czech, Hungarian and Slovak governments framed and dealt with their social policies during the 2008 ‘financial crisis’, the 2015 ‘refugee crisis’, and the 2020 ‘Covid crisis’. We argue that sometimes governments and the mass media frame the situation as a crisis, when objectively it would be hard to argue empirically that there really was a crisis. At other times, according to objective criteria, there is ample evidence that there is indeed a crisis, but the government tries to deny it for political reasons. Despite differences in objective conditions and differences in political constellations, none of the policymakers in the three countries took advantage of the windows of opportunity that the alleged crises presented to carry out path-changing social policy? changes. Instead, the changes we rather small and usually only temporary; thus, showing the importance of path dependency even during crisis situations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2024
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-53419 (URN)10.1111/spol.13004 (DOI)001152390600001 ()2-s2.0-85183935391 (Scopus ID)
Note

This study was supported by The Czech Science Foundation, GACR grant GA22-18316S for the project ‘Threat or Opportunity for the Welfare State? Social Policy in Central Europe under the Shadow of COVID-19’.

Available from: 2024-02-01 Created: 2024-02-01 Last updated: 2024-02-13Bibliographically approved
Sirovátka, T., Saxonberg, S. & Csudai, E. (2024). Emergency welfare states in action: Social policy adaptations to COVID‐19 in the Czechia, Hungary and Slovakia. Social Policy & Administration, 58(1), 93-107
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Emergency welfare states in action: Social policy adaptations to COVID‐19 in the Czechia, Hungary and Slovakia
2024 (English)In: Social Policy & Administration, ISSN 0144-5596, E-ISSN 1467-9515, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 93-107Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses the developments of the welfare state's reaction to the pandemic in Czechia, Hungary and Slovakia during 2020–2022, asking whether the changes in social policy represent only temporary responses to the challenges of the pandemic, or if the changes will likely lead to long-run transformative changes in social policies. All three countries applied emergency adaptive changes to some extent except for job protection, as the short-time work schemes represent a permanent change in Czechia and Slovakia. Furthermore, the absorption capacity of the welfare state was relatively good, which enabled the countries to avoid the negative social impacts of the crisis in terms of increased unemployment, poverty, and social exclusion. We argue the governments did not introduce permanent third-order change because they already introduced such changes during the transition to the market economy in which they introduced a low-expenditure welfare state trajectory. During the pandemic, this trajectory limited their fiscal space for introducing reforms that could radically expand the welfare state. Policy learning and political constellations also had some influence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2024
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51927 (URN)10.1111/spol.12945 (DOI)001023375500001 ()2-s2.0-85164369641 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-07-06 Created: 2023-07-06 Last updated: 2024-01-08Bibliographically approved
Sirovátka, T., Novotná, L. & Saxonberg, S. (2024). Populism and Growing Welfare State Agenda: Elections of 2013 and 2017 in Czechia. Sociologický asopis, 59(6), 567-591
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Populism and Growing Welfare State Agenda: Elections of 2013 and 2017 in Czechia
2024 (English)In: Sociologický asopis, ISSN 0038-0288, E-ISSN 2336-128X, Vol. 59, no 6, p. 567-591Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although previous studies show that welfare policies are important for populist voters, few studies have analysed in depth the social policy proposals of different types of populist parties. Since the Czech Republic is one of the few countries with a strong centrist-populist party that has been in power, this article concentrates on the Czech case and compares this centrist-populist party to the largest right-wing populist party and the main non-populist parties. We argue that the centrist and rightist Czech populist parties have developed different types of welfare agendas. The centrist-populist party supports encompassing and universalist policies (which it links to economic efficiency and administrative improvements); in contrast, the right-wing populist party supports the protection of those in need while preserving the principles of merit and economic incentives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Prague: Institute of Sociology of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 2024
Keywords
Czech Republic, centrist populism, right-wing populism, welfare state, election programmes
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Public Administration Studies
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-53420 (URN)10.13060/csr.2023.026 (DOI)
Available from: 2024-02-01 Created: 2024-02-01 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved
Saxonberg, S., Frič, P. & Gyárfášová, O. (2023). Fear, Anger, Hope, and Pride: Negative and Positive Emotions in Electoral Behaviour. Sociológia (Bratislava), 55(2), 153-176
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fear, Anger, Hope, and Pride: Negative and Positive Emotions in Electoral Behaviour
2023 (English)In: Sociológia (Bratislava), ISSN 0049-1225, E-ISSN 1336-8613, Vol. 55, no 2, p. 153-176Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is becoming increasingly clear that emotions play a crucial role in voting decisions. This is especially true when it comes to choosing populist parties. This article uses a unique dataset to analyse the interplay between emotions and support for various types of populist parties in Slovakia. It contributes to the discourse by testing the competing hypotheses on what kinds of emotions matter in a post-communist country with multiple types of populist parties. Our results show that although previous studies have tended to concentrate on emotions toward the political or economic situation, feelings toward political leaders actually have greater importance, at least in the Slovak, post-communist context. Our study also indicates that the types of emotions differ depending on whether the populist party has already been in power or not. Contrary to expectations, fear has played a more important role than anger and in general, emotions are more important for rightwing and leftwing populist parties than for non-populist or centrist populist parties. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sociologicky Ustav SAV / Institute for Sociology of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, 2023
Keywords
Emotions, leaders, political parties, populism, voting
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51518 (URN)10.31577/sociologia.2023.55.2.5 (DOI)000979960400001 ()2-s2.0-85158152288 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-05-23 Created: 2023-05-23 Last updated: 2023-05-23Bibliographically approved
Saxonberg, S. & Gyarfasova, O. (2023). Guest Editors' Introduction to the Thematic Issue. Sociológia (Bratislava), 55(2), 151-152
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Guest Editors' Introduction to the Thematic Issue
2023 (English)In: Sociológia (Bratislava), ISSN 0049-1225, E-ISSN 1336-8613, Vol. 55, no 2, p. 151-152Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frankfurt am Main: Central and Eastern European Online Library, 2023
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51614 (URN)
Available from: 2023-06-08 Created: 2023-06-08 Last updated: 2024-01-04Bibliographically approved
Saxonberg, S., Szelewa, D. & Formankova, L. (2023). Introduction to the special issue on "The role of experts in developing social policies: Social scientists reflect on their experiences in government". International Journal of Social Welfare, 32(1), 55-57
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction to the special issue on "The role of experts in developing social policies: Social scientists reflect on their experiences in government"
2023 (English)In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 55-57Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50385 (URN)10.1111/ijsw.12574 (DOI)000889506400001 ()2-s2.0-85142662263 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-12-16 Created: 2022-12-16 Last updated: 2022-12-23Bibliographically approved
Saxonberg, S. & Maříková, H. (2023). The central European world of fatherhood policies: how individual attitudes mediate the norm of threeness in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Journal of Family Studies, 29(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The central European world of fatherhood policies: how individual attitudes mediate the norm of threeness in the Czech Republic and Slovakia
2023 (English)In: Journal of Family Studies, ISSN 1322-9400, E-ISSN 1839-3543, Vol. 29, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Here is the shorter abstract: Following Rush's suggestion to explore differences across cultures, our study compares the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Appyling Rush's discussion of how individual attitudes function as mediators, we analyse how attitudes mediate the norm of threeness. We interviewed 79 parents in both countries and our results show that despite the cultural differences between the countries, there is great support for the norm of threeness. Nevertheless, individual attitudes mediate between culture differently among men than women. About 1/3 of fathers would ideally want to share part of the leave time while no mothers support this. Furthermore, most men would prefer to share the leave time if there were no economic loss, while few mothers support the idea. Apparently, mothers do not trust fathers. Our interviews give reason to believe that if well-paid father quotas were introduced and more fathers went on leave, mothers would start to trust fathers. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
Keywords
Czech Republic, Fathers, paternity leave, post-communism, Slovakia
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51142 (URN)10.1080/13229400.2023.2179525 (DOI)000936296200001 ()2-s2.0-85148589013 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-03-06 Created: 2023-03-06 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Saxonberg, S., Formankova, L. & Haskova, H. (2023). The role of experts in forming family policy under an adversarial subsystem in the Czech Republic. International Journal of Social Welfare, 32(1), 101-112
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of experts in forming family policy under an adversarial subsystem in the Czech Republic
2023 (English)In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 101-112Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyzes the interplay between policymakers and scientists in developing the Family Policy Plan for the Czech Republic in 2017. As former members of the government commission that developed the plan, we base the article on participatory observation. When we joined the commission, a 'window of opportunity' had opened as the country for the first time ever had feminist-friendly minister and vice-minister of labour and social affairs. We explain why due to the inter- and intra-party dynamics, the parental leave reform to introduce 'daddy months' failed. We argue an adversarial subsystem existed in that the three coalition partners disagreed on the reform. According to Ingold and Gschwend (2014), under such circumstances, scientists play a strategic role, especially if there is unity among them. However, although there was basic unity among the scientists in the commission, the coalition partners at the governing level were able to block or water down the reform proposal under the study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
Czech Republic, expert commission, family policy, father leaves, gender, participatory observation
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-49634 (URN)10.1111/ijsw.12550 (DOI)000827281900001 ()2-s2.0-85134224070 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-07-28 Created: 2022-07-28 Last updated: 2022-12-23Bibliographically approved
Saxonberg, S. (2023). Vormoderne, Totalitarismus und die Nicht-Banalität des Bösen: Ein Vergleich zwischen Deutschland, Spanien, Schweden und Frankreich (1ed.). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vormoderne, Totalitarismus und die Nicht-Banalität des Bösen: Ein Vergleich zwischen Deutschland, Spanien, Schweden und Frankreich
2023 (German)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023. p. 330 Edition: 1
Keywords
Totalitarismus in Spanien, Totalitarismus in Deutschland, Totalitarismus in Schweden, Totalitarismus in Frankreich, Das Böse, Hannah Arendt, Banalität des Bösen, Spanische Inquisition, Französische Inquisition, Nazi-Deutschland, Holocaust, Bösartigkeit, Antisemitismus, soziale Ausgrenzung, Nationalismus, Rassismus, vormoderner Totalitarismus, totalitäre Regime, autoritäre Regime
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51615 (URN)10.1007/978-3-031-24064-5 (DOI)9783031240645 (ISBN)9783031240638 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-06-08 Created: 2023-06-08 Last updated: 2023-06-08Bibliographically approved
Saxonberg, S. & Gyárfášová, O. (Eds.). (2022). Europe from a political sociological perspective: Jean Monnet Chair Online Textbook 2022. Institute of European Studies and International Relations, Comenius University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Europe from a political sociological perspective: Jean Monnet Chair Online Textbook 2022
2022 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This is intended to be a textbook that students can use to study the EU and Europe from a comparative, political sociological perspective. The book contains different chapters that each take up different topics and perspectives, showing students how one can apply political-sociological theories to understand developments in European politics and society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of European Studies and International Relations, Comenius University, 2022
Series
Jean Monnet Chair Working Papers in Political Sociology, ISSN 2644-6596
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52382 (URN)
Note

The research was co-funded by the Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union, project number 611572-EPP-1-201 9-1-SK-EPPJ MO-CHAIR 

Available from: 2023-09-25 Created: 2023-09-25 Last updated: 2023-09-26Bibliographically approved
Projects
National mobilization strategies and transnational networking: Social movements in East and West. [A006-2008_OSS]; Södertörn University; Publications
Jacobsson, K. & Lindblom, J. (2016). Animal Rights Activism: A Moral-Sociological Perspective on Social Movements (1ed.). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University PressJacobsson, K. & Saxonberg, S. (Eds.). (2015). Social Movements in Post-Communist Europe and Russia. London: RoutledgeLindblom, J. & Jacobsson, K. (2014). A deviance perspective on social movements: The case of animal rights activism. Deviant behavior, 35(2), 133-151Korolczuk, E. (2014). Promoting civil society in contemporary Poland: Gendered results of institutional changes. VOLUNTAS - International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 25(4), 949-967Hryciuk, R. E. & Korolczuk, E. (2013). At the intersection of gender and class: social mobilization around mothers’ rights in Poland. In: Kerstin Jacobsson and Steven Saxonberg (Ed.), Beyond NGO‐ization?: The Development of Social Movements in Central and Eastern Europe (pp. 49-70). Farnham: AshgateJacobsson, K. (2013). Channeling and enrollment: The institutional shaping of animal rights activism in Poland. In: Jacobsson Kerstin & Saxonberg Steven (Ed.), Beyond NGO-ization: The Development of Social Movements in Central and Eastern Europe (pp. 27-48). Farnham: AshgateKorolczuk, E. (2013). Gendered boundaries between the state, family and civil society: the case of Poland after 1989. In: J. Nautz, P. Ginsborg and T. Nijhuis (Ed.), The Golden Chain: Family, Civil Society and the State (pp. 240-258). New York: Berghahn BooksSörbom, A. & Wennerhag, M. (2013). Individualization, Life Politics, and the Reformulation of Social Critique: an Analysis of the Global Justice Movement. Critical Sociology, 39(3), 453-478Jacobsson, K. (2012). Fragmentation of the collective action space: The animal rights movement in Poland. East European Politics, 28(4), 353-370Korolczuk, E. (2011). Kłopot z NGOizacją: Debata na temat społeczeństwa obywatelskiego w Polsce / The Problem with NGO-ization. The Debate on Civil Society in Poland. Polityka Społeczna, 5-6, 37-43
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6057-2762

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