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Stiernstedt, F. & Kaun, A. (2024). The Messenger is the Medium: Newspaper carriers, union struggles, and newspaper development in Sweden during the 20th century. Media History, 30(1), 31-45
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Messenger is the Medium: Newspaper carriers, union struggles, and newspaper development in Sweden during the 20th century
2024 (English)In: Media History, ISSN 1368-8804, E-ISSN 1469-9729, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 31-45Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we explore the history of Swedish newspaper carriers through the lens of the union struggles within the Swedish Transport Workers’ Union. This focus allows us to make visible the influence of a profession that has largely been overlooked in media history. Mobilizing around working conditions, the workers put pressure on the newspapers in terms of the size and weight of the papers with consequences for the editorial work. There was also a strong stance against commercial advertising and additional supplements that had consequences for the financial situation of newspapers. Hence, through their union struggles newspaper carriers directly influenced the outlook of newspapers in Sweden in the post-war era. In extension, we consider newspaper carriers as soft media infrastructures that had a crucial role and influence on the formation of the Swedish public.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Taylor & Francis, 2024
Keywords
newspapers, labour movement, distribution, media work, Sweden
National Category
Economic History Media Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-53289 (URN)10.1080/13688804.2024.2305897 (DOI)001144089100001 ()2-s2.0-85182427570 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2024-01-19 Created: 2024-01-19 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Lomborg, S., Kaun, A. & Scott Hansen, S. (2023). Automated decision-making: Toward a people-centred approach. Sociology Compass, 17(8), Article ID e13097.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Automated decision-making: Toward a people-centred approach
2023 (English)In: Sociology Compass, E-ISSN 1751-9020, Vol. 17, no 8, article id e13097Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recently, automated decision-making (ADM) has been increasingly introduced in for example, the public sector potentially ensuring efficiency and more just decision-making. The increasing use of ADM has been reflected by a growing interest by scholarly research. While initially mainly researchers within law and computer sciences engaged with ADM, there has also been a growing engagement by social science and humanities-oriented researchers. This article traces the emergence and evolution of ADM research beyond computer sciences and engineering with a specific focus on social sciences and humanities by identifying central concerns and methods while outlining a stable baseline for future research. Based on a systematic mapping of publications, we outline the contours of ADM as an area of research engaging with an emerging empirical phenomenon. Drawing on findings from the mapping, we discuss ways ahead for ADM research as part of the subfield of digital sociology and suggest that sociological media and communication studies have a crucial role to play in developing future research avenues. Drawing on advances made in audience research, we suggest a radically contextualized and people-centered approach to ADM. Such an approach would help to develop ADM and ground it alongside people's divergent capabilities and contextual arrangements. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
ADM and communication, AI ethics, automated decision-making, conceptual approaches to ADM, datafication, literature review, people-centric ADM
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51434 (URN)10.1111/soc4.13097 (DOI)000970747600001 ()2-s2.0-85152895374 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, S2‐20‐0007_OSEU, European Research Council, 947735
Note

Funder: Independent Research Fund Denmark Grant No. 9055‐00060B

Available from: 2023-05-08 Created: 2023-05-08 Last updated: 2023-10-27Bibliographically approved
Kaun, A., Larsson, A. O. & Masso, A. (2023). Automating public administration: Citizens’ attitudes towards automated decision-making across Estonia, Sweden, and Germany. Information, Communication and Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Automating public administration: Citizens’ attitudes towards automated decision-making across Estonia, Sweden, and Germany
2023 (English)In: Information, Communication and Society, ISSN 1369-118X, E-ISSN 1468-4462Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Although algorithms are increasingly used for enabling the automation of tasks in public administration of welfare states, the citizens’ knowledge of, experiences with and attitudes towards automated decision-making (ADM) in public administration are still less known. This article strives to reveal the perspectives of citizens who are increasingly exposed to ADM systems, relying on a comparative analysis of a representative survey conducted in Estonia, Germany, and Sweden. The findings show that there are important differences between the three countries when it comes to awareness, trust, and perceived suitability of ADM in public administration, which map onto historical differences in welfare provisions or so-called welfare regimes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
automated decision-making; welfare state; welfare regimes; comparative welfare research; cross-country comparison
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51395 (URN)10.1080/1369118X.2023.2205493 (DOI)000976069500001 ()2-s2.0-85158105426 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Available from: 2023-04-28 Created: 2023-04-28 Last updated: 2023-05-22Bibliographically approved
Masso, A., Kaun, A. & van Noordt, C. (2023). Basic values in artificial intelligence: comparative factor analysis in Estonia, Germany, and Sweden. AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Basic values in artificial intelligence: comparative factor analysis in Estonia, Germany, and Sweden
2023 (English)In: AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence, ISSN 0951-5666, E-ISSN 1435-5655Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Increasing attention is paid to ethical issues and values when designing and deploying artificial intelligence (AI). However, we do not know how those values are embedded in artificial artefacts or how relevant they are to the population exposed to and interacting with AI applications. Based on literature engaging with ethical principles and moral values in AI, we designed an original survey instrument, including 15 value components, to estimate the importance of these values to people in the general population. The article is based on representative surveys conducted in Estonia, Germany, and Sweden (n = 4501), which have varying experiences with implementing AI. The factor analysis showed four underlying dimensions of values embedded in the design and use of AI: (1) protection of personal interests to ensure social benefit, (2) general monitoring to ensure universal solidarity, (3) ensuring social diversity and social sustainability, and (4) efficiency. We found that value types can be ordered along the two dimensions of resources and change. The comparison between countries revealed that some dimensions, like social diversity and sustainability evaluations, are more universally valued among individuals, countries, and domains. Based on our analysis, we suggest a need and a framework for developing basic values in AI.

Keywords
Artifcial intelligence, Automation, Values, Norms, Public sector, Survey
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52253 (URN)10.1007/s00146-023-01750-w (DOI)001060166600001 ()2-s2.0-85169005819 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 3782-3.1.1-2020NordForsk, 100786
Available from: 2023-08-31 Created: 2023-08-31 Last updated: 2023-10-24Bibliographically approved
Kaun, A. & Åker, P. (Eds.). (2023). Centering the Margins of Digital Culture: Data Centers in Sápmi, Climate Change Denial, and the New Space Race (1ed.). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Centering the Margins of Digital Culture: Data Centers in Sápmi, Climate Change Denial, and the New Space Race
2023 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This volume contains adaptions of three excellent master theses that were written and defended within the international master’s programme Media, communication, and cultural analysis at Södertörn University in 2022. Running since 2009, the programme has more than 100 alumni who are employed in the media, academic and education. In 2020, the programme coordinator together with the programme council and the department council, chose to distinguish the best theses in a printed volume. This is the third volume in the series. 

The contributions cover a broad range of topics: how the Sami community is implicated and affected by the data center industry that is increasingly being established in the Northern parts of Sweden, Finland and Norway directly impacting Sápmi; how the NIPCC (The Non-Governmental International Panel on Climate Change) can be understood as a cultural industry producing social meaning, not knowledge, in its dissemination of climate disinformation; how what has been coined the contemporary space race has very little to do with its precursor in the 1960s, today it stands for a particular vision for humanity envisioned by tech billionaires such as Elon Musk and Jeff Bezos. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2023. p. 97 Edition: 1
Series
Mediestudier vid Södertörns högskola, ISSN 1650-6162 ; 2023:1
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50987 (URN)978-91-89504-23-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-02-16 Created: 2023-02-16 Last updated: 2023-02-16Bibliographically approved
Kaun, A., Lomborg, S., Pentzold, C., Sztandar-Sztanderska, K. & Allhutter, D. (2023). Crosscurrents: Welfare. Media Culture and Society, 45(4), 877-883
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Crosscurrents: Welfare
Show others...
2023 (English)In: Media Culture and Society, ISSN 0163-4437, E-ISSN 1460-3675, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 877-883Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this crosscurrent contribution, we approach the notion of welfare through the lens of the data welfare state. We, further, suggest that datafied welfare can be fruitfully studied with the capabilities approach to better understand how ideas and values of data welfare intersect with and may allow for the ‘good’ life and human flourishing. The main aim is to highlight the deep-seated changes of the welfare state that emerge with the delegation of care and control tasks to algorithmic systems and the automation based on datafication practices. Welfare provision is undergoing major shifts that imply fundamentally rethinking the role of technology that supports and enhances welfare with the help of data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Sage Publications, 2023
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51041 (URN)10.1177/01634437231154777 (DOI)000934603500001 ()2-s2.0-85148498508 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Automating Welfare
Available from: 2023-02-17 Created: 2023-02-17 Last updated: 2023-06-13Bibliographically approved
Kaun, A., Männiste, M. & Liminga, A. (2023). Mapping the automated decision-making landscape in Swedish and Estonian welfarestate. Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mapping the automated decision-making landscape in Swedish and Estonian welfarestate
2023 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This report summarizes the findings from desk research in Sweden and Estonia mapping and documenting automated decision-making tools and support systems in use in the public sector of both countries. The report provides a general overview over governance and implementation principles as well as several shorter descriptions of specific case studies in both countries. The findings indicate that there are several ADM applications in use in both the Swedish and Estonian public sector that range from administrative backend automation to front end automation of communication channels including chatbots. The landscape is however fast changing partly because of the fast-evolving technology but also and especially due to the primarily pilot character of many ADM projects in both countries. The report ends by outlining methodological challenges and provides future directions for further research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2023. p. 26
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52120 (URN)
Available from: 2023-08-21 Created: 2023-08-21 Last updated: 2023-08-23Bibliographically approved
Kaun, A., Logsdon, A., Seuferling, P. & Stiernstedt, F. (2023). Serving Machines and Heterotopias: Data Entry Work in Prisons and Refugee Camps in the US and Uganda. In: Lisa Parks; Julia Velkova; Sander de Ridder (Ed.), Media Backends: Digital Infrastructures and Sociotechnical Relations (pp. 144-161). Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Serving Machines and Heterotopias: Data Entry Work in Prisons and Refugee Camps in the US and Uganda
2023 (English)In: Media Backends: Digital Infrastructures and Sociotechnical Relations / [ed] Lisa Parks; Julia Velkova; Sander de Ridder, Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2023, p. 144-161Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2023
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52674 (URN)9780252045349 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-11-12 Created: 2023-11-12 Last updated: 2023-12-21Bibliographically approved
Kaun, A. (2023). The End of Media?: From Mediatisation to Datafication (1ed.). In: Katarzyna Kopecka-Piech; Göran Bolin (Ed.), Contemporary Challenges in Mediatisation Research: (pp. 161-174). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The End of Media?: From Mediatisation to Datafication
2023 (English)In: Contemporary Challenges in Mediatisation Research / [ed] Katarzyna Kopecka-Piech; Göran Bolin, London: Routledge, 2023, 1, p. 161-174Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2023 Edition: 1
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50983 (URN)10.4324/9781003324591-14 (DOI)9781003324591 (ISBN)9781032346816 (ISBN)9781032349428 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-02-12 Created: 2023-02-12 Last updated: 2023-04-04Bibliographically approved
Kaun, A. & Liminga, A. (2023). Welfare service centers: Maintenance, repair, and care at the analog interfaces of the digital welfare state. New Media and Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Welfare service centers: Maintenance, repair, and care at the analog interfaces of the digital welfare state
2023 (English)In: New Media and Society, ISSN 1461-4448, E-ISSN 1461-7315Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Many public administrations advocate digital services that allow for the deployment of algorithmic automation and the use of artificial intelligence. This shift has been discussed as the expansion of the digital welfare state. However, numerous citizens remain excluded from digital services provided by the state. In this context, welfare service centers have emerged as important interfaces of the digital welfare state. These service centers undergird many of the operations of digitalization as a large-scale, societal infrastructure project. In this article, we elaborate the specific characteristics of welfare service centers in Sweden, relying theoretically on interface theory and broken world thinking. Methodologically, we rely on ethnographic methods including in-depth interviews and observations. The article ultimately argues that the digital welfare state continues to be based on material inequalities and exclusions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023
Keywords
Artificial intelligence, automated decision-making, care work, digital welfare, digitalization
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52944 (URN)10.1177/14614448231220362 (DOI)2-s2.0-85180653405 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, S2-20-0007
Available from: 2023-12-29 Created: 2023-12-29 Last updated: 2024-01-10Bibliographically approved
Projects
Narratives of Europe: Perspectives from its North-East Periphery [A004-2011_OSS]; Södertörn University; Publications
Kaun, A. & Murru, M. F. (2018). Narrative mediation of the Occupy movement: A case study of Stockholm and Latvia. In: Laura Basu ; Steve Schifferes ; Sophie Knowles (Ed.), Media and austerity: Comparative perspectives (pp. 226-236). Abingdon: RoutledgeFornäs, J. (2017). A cultural perspective on European borders. In: Mats Andrén, Thomas Lindkvist, Ingmar Söhrman, Katharina Vajta (Ed.), Cultural Identities, National Borders: (pp. 7-20). Göteborg: Centrum för EuropaforskningCederberg, C. (2017). Europe as identity and ideal: Reading Barroso’s ‘New Narrative’ heretically alongside Hegel, Husserl and Patočka. In: Johan Fornäs (Ed.), Europe Faces Europe: Narratives From Its Eastern Half (pp. 35-61). Bristol: Intellect Ltd.Fornäs, J. (2017). Europe faces Europe: An introduction. In: Johan Fornäs (Ed.), Europe Faces Europe: Narratives From Its Eastern Half (pp. 1-34). Bristol: Intellect Ltd.Fornäs, J. (Ed.). (2017). Europe Faces Europe: Narratives From Its Eastern Half. Bristol: Intellect Ltd.Fornäs, J. (2017). Euro-visions: East European narratives in televised popular music. In: Johan Fornäs (Ed.), Europe Faces Europe: Narratives From Its Eastern Half (pp. 179-235). Bristol: Intellect Ltd.Kaun, A. (2017). Narrating protest: Silenced stories of Europe in Occupy Stockholm and Occupy Latvia. In: Johan Fornäs (Ed.), Europe Faces Europe: Narratives From Its Eastern Half (pp. 133-151). Bristol: Intellect Ltd.Horbyk, R. (2017). Narratives at war: Representations of Europe in news media of Ukraine, Russia and Poland during Euromaidan. In: Johan Fornäs (Ed.), Europe Faces Europe: Narratives From Its Eastern Half (pp. 93-132). Bristol: Intellect Ltd.Wadstein MacLeod, K. (2017). The resilience of the periphery: Narrating Europe through curatorial strategies. In: Johan Fornäs (Ed.), Europe Faces Europe: Narratives From Its Eastern Half (pp. 153-177). Bristol: Intellect Ltd.Kaun, A. & Jurkane-Hobein, I. (2016). Occupy Narratives in Sweden and Latvia: How Mainstream Media tell the Story of a Movement. Interactions: Studies in Communication & Culture, 7(1), 23-39
Crisis and Critique - Critical media practices in troubling times. [2012-06651_VR]; Södertörn University; Publications
Kaun, A. (2017). ‘Our time to act has come’: desynchronization, social media time and protest movements. Media Culture and Society, 39(4), 469-486Kaun, A. (2016). Crisis and Critique: A History of Media Participation in Times of Crisis (1ed.). London: Zed BooksKaun, A. (2016). In the age of Trump, resistance movements must bring people together beyond the digital realm. London: Open DemocracyKaun, A. (2016). Temporal Regimes of Protest Movements: Media and the Participatory Condition. In: Denecke, Mathias; Ganzert, Anne; Otto, Isabell; Stock, Robert (Ed.), ReClaiming Participation: Technology - Mediation - Collectivity (pp. 145-155). Bielefeld: Transcript VerlagKaun, A. (2015). Regimes of time: Media practices of the dispossessed. Time & Society, 24(2), 221-243Kaun, A. (2015). “This Space Belongs to Us!”: Protest Spaces in Times of Accelerating Capitalism. In: Lina Dencik; Oliver Leistert (Ed.), Critical Perspectives on Social Media and Protest: Between Control and Emancipation (pp. 89-106). London: Rowman & Littlefield PublishersKaun, A. (2014). Mediekunnighet och medborgarskap: Publiken som mediekritiker (1ed.). In: Stiernstedt, Fredrik (Ed.), Mediekritik: (pp. 37-52). Lund Kaun, A. (2013). En forskningsplan: Kris och kritik: Kritiska mediepraktiker i turbulenta tider. Kris och kritik: Kritisk teori, strategi och estetik, 1(1), 94-97
Media, trust and information during the Corona crisis [2020-00632_Formas]; Södertörn University; Publications
Kaun, A., Jakobsson, P. & Stiernstedt, F. (2022). Medier, tillit och information. SNDStiernstedt, F. (2021). The voices we trust: Public trust in news and information about COVID-19 on Swedish Radio. Radio Journal: International Studies in Broadcast and Audio Media, 19(2)Kaun, A. (2021). Ways of seeing digital disconnection: A negative sociology of digital culture. Convergence. The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, 27(6), 1571-1583Kaun, A., Jakobsson, P. & Stiernstedt, F. (2020). Research Note 3: Användning av spårningsappar på mobiltelefonen: Medier, information och tillit under pandemin. Jakobsson, P., Kaun, A. & Stiernstedt, F. (2020). Research Note 4: Tillit och följsamhet till råd och rekommendationer.
Automating Welfare in the Baltic Sea Region: Consequences of Automated Decision-Making for Democratic Values (AUTO-WELF) [S2-20-0007_OS]; Södertörn University; Publications
Lomborg, S., Kaun, A. & Scott Hansen, S. (2023). Automated decision-making: Toward a people-centred approach. Sociology Compass, 17(8), Article ID e13097. Kaun, A., Larsson, A. O. & Masso, A. (2023). Automating public administration: Citizens’ attitudes towards automated decision-making across Estonia, Sweden, and Germany. Information, Communication and SocietyMasso, A., Kaun, A. & van Noordt, C. (2023). Basic values in artificial intelligence: comparative factor analysis in Estonia, Germany, and Sweden. AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine IntelligenceKaun, A. (2023). The End of Media?: From Mediatisation to Datafication (1ed.). In: Katarzyna Kopecka-Piech; Göran Bolin (Ed.), Contemporary Challenges in Mediatisation Research: (pp. 161-174). London: RoutledgeKaun, A. & Liminga, A. (2023). Welfare service centers: Maintenance, repair, and care at the analog interfaces of the digital welfare state. New Media and SocietyRahm, L. & Kaun, A. (2022). Imagining mundane automation: historical trajectories of meaning making around technological change. In: Sara Pink; Martin Berg; Deborah Lupton; Minna Ruckenstein (Ed.), Everyday Automation: Experiencing and Anticipating Emerging Technologies (pp. 23-43). London: RoutledgeKaun, A. (2022). Suing the algorithm: the mundanization of automated decision-making in public services through litigation. Information, Communication and Society, 2046-2062
Automating Welfare - Algorithmic Infrastructures for Human Flourishing in Europe [2021-01602_Forte]; Södertörn University; Publications
Pentzold, C., Hughes, E. & Jacob, A. (2024). Country Report AUTO-WELF GermanyAutomated Decision-Making Processes in German Core and CommunalWelfare. Leipzig UniversityAlushi, A. (2024). Overview of automated decision-making landscape in the Italian welfare system. Kaun, A., Männiste, M. & Liminga, A. (2023). Mapping the automated decision-making landscape in Swedish and Estonian welfarestate. Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Rethinking the Digital Welfare State [SAB20-0033_RJ]; Södertörn University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5879-2130

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