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Velkova, J. & Kaun, A. (2019). Algorithmic resistance: Media practices and the politics of repair. Information, Communication and Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Algorithmic resistance: Media practices and the politics of repair
2019 (English)In: Information, Communication and Society, ISSN 1369-118X, E-ISSN 1468-4462Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The article constitutes a critical intervention in the current, dramatic debate on the consequences of algorithms and automation for society. While most research has focused on negative outcomes, including ethical problems of machine bias and accountability, little has been said about the possibilities of users to resist algorithmic power. The article draws on Raymond Williams’ work on media as practice to advance a framework for studying algorithms with a focus on user agency. We illustrate this framework with the example of the media activist campaign World White Web by the Swedish artist and visual designer Johanna Burai. We suggest that user agency in relation to algorithms can emerge from alternative uses of platforms, in the aftermath of algorithmic logics, and give birth to complicit forms of resistance that work through ‘repair’ politics oriented towards correcting the work of algorithms. We conclude with a discussion of the ways in which the proposed framework helps us rethink debates on algorithmic power.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
User agency, algorithms, algorithmic cultures, media practices, algorithmic resistance, racism
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38803 (URN)10.1080/1369118X.2019.1657162 (DOI)000482997200001 ()2-s2.0-85071180362 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-28 Created: 2019-08-28 Last updated: 2019-09-25Bibliographically approved
Polanska, D., Valenzuela-Fuentes, K. & Kaun, A. (2019). Housing activism: overlooked forms, practices and implications. Housing Studies, 34(10), 1585-1587
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Housing activism: overlooked forms, practices and implications
2019 (English)In: Housing Studies, ISSN 0267-3037, E-ISSN 1466-1810, Vol. 34, no 10, p. 1585-1587Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory; Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39044 (URN)10.1080/02673037.2019.1658721 (DOI)000487747900001 ()
Available from: 2019-09-24 Created: 2019-09-24 Last updated: 2019-10-10Bibliographically approved
Kaun, A. & Uldam, J. (2019). 'It only takes two minutes': The so-called migration crisis and Facebook as civic infrastructure. In: Thomas, Tanja; Kruse, Merle-Marie; Stehling, Miriam (Ed.), Media and participation in post-migrant societes: (pp. 117-131). London: Rowman & Littlefield International
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'It only takes two minutes': The so-called migration crisis and Facebook as civic infrastructure
2019 (English)In: Media and participation in post-migrant societes / [ed] Thomas, Tanja; Kruse, Merle-Marie; Stehling, Miriam, London: Rowman & Littlefield International, 2019, p. 117-131Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Rowman & Littlefield International, 2019
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38313 (URN)9781786607256 (ISBN)9781786607263 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-06-12 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2019-06-12Bibliographically approved
Kaun, A. & Uldam, J. (2018). Digital Activism: After the Hype. New Media and Society, 20(6), 2099-2106
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital Activism: After the Hype
2018 (English)In: New Media and Society, ISSN 1461-4448, E-ISSN 1461-7315, Vol. 20, no 6, p. 2099-2106Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research on digital activism has gained traction in recent years. At the same time, it remains a diverse and open field that lacks a coherent mode of inquiry. For the better or worse, digital activism remains a fuzzy term. In this introduction to a special issue on digital activism, we review current attempts to periodize and historicize digital activism. Although there is growing body of research on digitial activism, many contributions remain limited through their ahistorical approach and the digital universalism that they imply. Based on the contributions to the special issue, we argue for studying digital activisms in a way that traverses a two-dimensional axis of digital technologies and activist practices, striking the balance between context and media-specificity.

Keywords
Digital Activism, Social Media, Civic Engagement, Activism
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33458 (URN)10.1177/1461444817731924 (DOI)000433917100001 ()2-s2.0-85041343413 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-09-22 Created: 2017-09-22 Last updated: 2018-06-20Bibliographically approved
Kaun, A. & Murru, M. F. (2018). Narrative mediation of the Occupy movement: A case study of Stockholm and Latvia. In: Laura Basu ; Steve Schifferes ; Sophie Knowles (Ed.), Media and austerity: Comparative perspectives (pp. 226-236). Abingdon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Narrative mediation of the Occupy movement: A case study of Stockholm and Latvia
2018 (English)In: Media and austerity: Comparative perspectives / [ed] Laura Basu ; Steve Schifferes ; Sophie Knowles, Abingdon: Routledge, 2018, p. 226-236Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The economic crisis of 2007/2008 constitutes a moment of rupture not only for the financial markets, but also in terms of political engagement. In reaction to the crisis thousands took to the streets and squares in order to express their critique of the current political and economic system. The critical juncture also highlighted the role of media technologies for political organization and participation, which is reflected in comments on protests related to the financial crisis often over-emphasizing digital social media. This chapter provides an alternative way of engaging with crisis-related protest that moves beyond notions such as networked protests and connected action. Instead the chapter suggests reinvigorating more traditional methods of narrative analysis and critical hermeneutics in order to make sense of representations of protest mobilizations in reaction to the financial crisis. The financial crisis and protest that emerged in response serve as backdrop in order to further the theoretical argument about what role narrative mediation plays in the construction of social reality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2018
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34873 (URN)2-s2.0-85049985962 (Scopus ID)1552/42/2011 (Local ID)9781138897311 (ISBN)9781138897304 (ISBN)1552/42/2011 (Archive number)1552/42/2011 (OAI)
Projects
Narratives of Europe
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Available from: 2018-04-23 Created: 2018-04-23 Last updated: 2018-08-29Bibliographically approved
Kaun, A., Stiernstedt, F. & Jakobsson, P. (2018). Politisera, sociologisera, historisera AI! (1ed.). In: Daniel Akenine & Jonas Stier (Ed.), Människor och AI: En bok om artificiell intelligens och oss själva (pp. 48-56). Stockholm: Books on Demand
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Politisera, sociologisera, historisera AI!
2018 (Swedish)In: Människor och AI: En bok om artificiell intelligens och oss själva / [ed] Daniel Akenine & Jonas Stier, Stockholm: Books on Demand , 2018, 1, p. 48-56Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Books on Demand, 2018 Edition: 1
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36934 (URN)9789178517213 (ISBN)
Note

Specialutgåva för Internetdagarna 2018

Available from: 2018-12-11 Created: 2018-12-11 Last updated: 2018-12-12Bibliographically approved
Kaun, A. & Treré, E. (2018). Repression, resistance and lifestyle: charting (dis)connection and activism in times of accelerated capitalism. Social Movement Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Repression, resistance and lifestyle: charting (dis)connection and activism in times of accelerated capitalism
2018 (English)In: Social Movement Studies, ISSN 1474-2837, E-ISSN 1474-2829Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Studying the nexus of media and social movements is a growing subfield in both media and social movement studies. Although there is an increasing number of studies that criticize the overemphasis of the importance of media technologies for social movements, questions of non-use, technology push-back and media refusal as explicit political practice have received comparatively little attention. The article charts a typology of digital disconnection as political practice and site of struggle bringing emerging literatures on disconnection, i.e. forms of media technology non-use to the field of social movement studies and studies of civic engagement. Based on a theoretical matrix combining questions of power, collectivity and temporality, we distinguish between digital disconnection as repression, digital disconnection as resistance and digital disconnection as performance and life-style politics. The article discusses the three types of digital disconnection using current examples of protest and social movements that engage with practices of disconnection.

Keywords
Disconnection activism; media refusal; push-back activism; media activism; typology of disconnection
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36956 (URN)10.1080/14742837.2018.1555752 (DOI)2-s2.0-85058493446 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2019-01-02Bibliographically approved
Kaun, A. (2018). Review: Ulla Carlsson & Lennart Weibull (2018). Freedom of Expression in the Digital Media Culture. A Study of Public Opinion in Sweden. Göteborg: Nordicom. [Review]. Medien & Kommunikationswissenschaft, 66(3), 338-339
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Review: Ulla Carlsson & Lennart Weibull (2018). Freedom of Expression in the Digital Media Culture. A Study of Public Opinion in Sweden. Göteborg: Nordicom.
2018 (German)In: Medien & Kommunikationswissenschaft, ISSN 1615-634X, Vol. 66, no 3, p. 338-339Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Keywords
Public Opinion, Freedom of Expression, Sweden
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36155 (URN)
Available from: 2018-08-28 Created: 2018-08-28 Last updated: 2018-08-29Bibliographically approved
Kaun, A. & Uldam, J. (2018). “Volunteering is like any other business”: Civic participation and social media. New Media and Society, 20(6), 2186-2207
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“Volunteering is like any other business”: Civic participation and social media
2018 (English)In: New Media and Society, ISSN 1461-4448, E-ISSN 1461-7315, Vol. 20, no 6, p. 2186-2207Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The increased influx of refugees in 2015 has led to challenges in transition and destination countries such as Germany, Sweden and Denmark. Volunteer-led initiatives providing urgent relief played a crucial role in meeting the needs of arriving refugees. The work of the volunteers in central stations and transition shelters was mainly organised with the help of Facebook, both in terms of inward and outward communication. This article examines the role of social media for civic participation drawing on Swedish volunteer initiatives that emerged in the context of the migration crisis in 2015 as a case study. Theoretically the article provides an analytical framework including power relations, technological affordances, practices, and discourses that helps to shed light on the interrelation between social media and civic participation.

Keywords
civic engagement, refugee crisis, social media, Facebook, volunteering
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33457 (URN)10.1177/1461444817731920 (DOI)000433917100006 ()2-s2.0-85041533633 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-09-22 Created: 2017-09-22 Last updated: 2018-06-20Bibliographically approved
Guyard, C. & Kaun, A. (2018). Workfulness: governing the disobedient brain. Journal of Cultural Economy, 11(6), 535-548
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Workfulness: governing the disobedient brain
2018 (English)In: Journal of Cultural Economy, ISSN 1753-0350, E-ISSN 1753-0369, Vol. 11, no 6, p. 535-548Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Scandinavian telecommunication company Telenor recently introduced the notion of Workfulness by adapting digital detox to the workplace. Workfulness is a management program aimed at technology-intensive companies that rely strongly on digital media. The program encompasses strategies of disconnection for employees, including mobile and email-free work hours and technology-free meetings, in order to enhance focus and efficiency. This article investigates Workfulness as one prominent example of managerial approaches that are based on neuroscientific assumptions about human decision-making. Drawing on textual materials and interviews, the analysis shows that Workfulness manages digital distractions in the workplace by establishing a form of stimulus-control rather than appealing to rational self-control. Workfulness alludes to the necessity of making choices, but it considers unconscious behavior, which is explained with reference to preconscious workings of the brain. The human brain becomes a battleground between rational and impulsive decisions, and it is the disobedient brain that needs to be governed in order to become an efficient employee. We situate the Workfulness program as part of and at the same time extending the biopolitical economy by incorporating advances in neurosciences into modes of governance.

Keywords
Mindfulness, digital detox, time management, governmentality, biopolitics, neurosciences
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-35481 (URN)10.1080/17530350.2018.1481877 (DOI)000456800700003 ()2-s2.0-85048058358 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-06-06 Created: 2018-06-06 Last updated: 2019-02-26Bibliographically approved
Projects
Narratives of Europe: Perspectives from its North- [A004-2011_OSS]; Södertörn UniversityCrisis and Critique - Critical media practices in troubling times. [2012-06651_VR]; Södertörn University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5879-2130

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