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Lindell, J. & Sartoretto, P. (2017). Young People, Class and the News: Distinction, socialization and moral sentiments. Journalism Studies, 1-20
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young People, Class and the News: Distinction, socialization and moral sentiments
2017 (English)In: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Journalism studies almost exclusively rely on a “sociology of integration” perspective when theorizing the social function of journalism. Focus is put on if and how journalism facilitates democratic processes, encourages civic engagement and strengthens the sense of community. In providing an alternative view, this study mobilizes the cultural sociology of Pierre Bourdieu—a “sociologist of conflict”—in order to study how young people’s conditions of existence have given rise to vastly different orientations towards news and the normative order surrounding journalism. Based on focus group interviews with young people in Brazil and Sweden, the study shows that socialization into the world of news in the family and in school generates class-distinctive news orientations. The world of news is a site where social groups draw moral and cultural boundaries against each other. Since different social groups monopolize completely different news practices and preferences, they work to legitimate social differences. As such, the findings challenge common notions of news as creating the “healthy citizen”, and that news media provide spaces for the practice of civility and citizenship.

Keywords
audience fragmentation, Bourdieu, class, comparative study, focus groups, news consumption, young people
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Other research area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32369 (URN)10.1080/1461670X.2017.1310628 (DOI)2-s2.0-85017425567 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-04-11 Created: 2017-04-11 Last updated: 2018-07-06Bibliographically approved
Sartoretto, P. M. (2016). Ativismo mídiatico circunstancial – uma análise da relação entre representações mídiáticas e políticas. Animus: Revista Interamericana de Comunicação Midiática, 15(30), 118-129
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ativismo mídiatico circunstancial – uma análise da relação entre representações mídiáticas e políticas
2016 (Portuguese)In: Animus: Revista Interamericana de Comunicação Midiática, ISSN 1677-907X, E-ISSN 2175-4977, Vol. 15, no 30, p. 118-129Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [pt]

Mídia alternativa radical (Downing, 2000) é um tipo de produção midiática comum entre movimentos sociais cujos membros não veem suas causas representadas na mídia dominante. Esse é o caso do Movimento Sem-Terra (MST), que desde 1984 tem criado meios de comunicação próprios e produzido conteúdo para plataformas variadas, tornando-se mais tarde ativo na área da democratização da comunicação. Baseado em trabalho de campo realizado em 2013 e 2014, esse artigo propõe uma perspectiva de direito à comunicação que aborde a configuração estrutural do setor de comunicação e não apenas a provisão de tecnologias e habilidades de produção. O estudo demonstra que ação coletiva e promoção de mudanças estruturais ainda são relevantes, aliadas às novas tecnologias de comunicação.

Abstract [en]

The circumstantial media activist – an analysis of the relation between media and political representation

Alternative or radical media (Downing, 2000) are kinds of media production common among social movements whose members do not see their causes represented in mainstream media. This is the case of the Brazilian Landless Workers Movement (MST), which since 1984 has created media outlets and produced content for different platforms, becoming later active in the area of media and communication rights in Brazil. Based on fieldwork carried out in 2013 and 2014 this article proposes a perspective to communication rights is attentive to the structural configuration of media landscape and not only to the provision of technology and production skills. This study shows that collective action and promotion of structural change are still relevant alongside new technologies.

Keywords
Communication rights, Representation, Participation, direito à comunicação, representação, participação
National Category
Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32391 (URN)10.5902/2175497721613 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-04-12 Created: 2017-04-12 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Sartoretto, P. M. (2016). Between opportunities and threats – an analysis of Brazilian Landless Workers’ movement experiences with new media technologies. OBS - Observatorio (SI), 035-053
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Between opportunities and threats – an analysis of Brazilian Landless Workers’ movement experiences with new media technologies
2016 (English)In: OBS - Observatorio, ISSN 1646-5954, E-ISSN 1646-5954, no SI, p. 035-053Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent discussions and research about the uses of digital social media platforms by social movements and protest organizations have raised questions about threats and challenges represented by these technologies. There is also a debate on whether digital social media platforms can contribute to establish and strengthen long-standing oppositional groups and structural change. In this context, this article analyses how the Brazilian Landless Workers Movement (MST) experiences and views the use of digital social media platforms in its communicative processes. Based on interviews and observations, the article shows how MST militants present ambivalent views towards platforms such as Facebook and Twitter and towards the dynamics of digital communication. Conclusions point that the main concern is threat to the organic collective character of the movement posed by individualistic digital social media platforms. Different from contemporary protest organisations, MST sees a clear separation between the movement and its media. The goal is to appropriate of and control media technologies, which brings many difficulties when dealing with digital social media platforms.

Keywords
digital social media platforms, communicative processes, media practices, mobilisation, Brazil
National Category
Media Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32390 (URN)2-s2.0-84989828145 (Scopus ID)
Note

Special Issue. 'Media, Internet and Social Movements in the context of asymmetries' (Edited by Ana Cristina Suzina & Geoffrey Pleyers).

Available from: 2017-04-12 Created: 2017-04-12 Last updated: 2018-07-06Bibliographically approved
Sartoretto, P. (2016). Between opportunities and threats: an analysis of the Brazilian Landless Workers’ movement experiences with new media technologies. In: IAMCR 2016: Participatory Communication Research Section: Abstracts of papers presented at the annual conference of the International Association for Media and Communication Research. Paper presented at International Association for Media and Communication Research Annual Conference, Leicester, UK, July 27-31, 2016 (pp. 66-67).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Between opportunities and threats: an analysis of the Brazilian Landless Workers’ movement experiences with new media technologies
2016 (English)In: IAMCR 2016: Participatory Communication Research Section: Abstracts of papers presented at the annual conference of the International Association for Media and Communication Research, 2016, p. 66-67Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Recent discussions and research about the uses of digital social media platforms by social movements and protest organizations have raised questions about threats and challenges represented by these technologies. There is also a debate on whether digital social media platforms can contribute to establish and strengthen long-standing oppositional groups and structural change. In this context, this article analyses how the Brazilian Landless Workers Movement (MST) experiences and views the use of digital social media platforms in its communicative processes. Based on interviews and observations, the article shows how MST militants present ambivalent views towards platforms such as Facebook and Twitter and towards the dynamics of digital communication. Conclusions point that the main concern is threat to the organic collective character of the movement posed by individualistic digital social media platforms. Different from contemporary protest organisations, MST sees a clear separation between the movement and its media. The goal is to appropriate of and control media technologies, which brings many difficulties when dealing with digital social media platforms.

Keywords
digital social media platforms, communicative processes, media practices, mobilisation, Brazil
National Category
Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32376 (URN)
Conference
International Association for Media and Communication Research Annual Conference, Leicester, UK, July 27-31, 2016
Available from: 2016-09-02 Created: 2017-04-13Bibliographically approved
Sartoretto, P. (2016). Exploring Inclusive Ethnography as a Methodology to Account for Multiple Experiences. In: Sebastian Kubitschko, Anne Kaun (Ed.), Innovative methods in media and communication research: (pp. 189-205). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring Inclusive Ethnography as a Methodology to Account for Multiple Experiences
2016 (English)In: Innovative methods in media and communication research / [ed] Sebastian Kubitschko, Anne Kaun, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 189-205Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Sartoretto shows the necessity of ethnography inspired methodologies that are attentive to communication as an open-ended process to better understand media related practices. The chapter highlights the ways multimedia ethnographic fieldwork is useful to inform research that seeks to understand realities in transitional and unequal societies outside the Euro-American context. Sartoretto also explicates that a too strong focus on analyzing the significances for social action of new technologies that are unequally available across different groups tends to give an eschewed view of the democratizing potentials of these technologies. By focusing on the experiences of a marginalized group in Brazil that is geographically distant from urban centers and does not have access to the most advanced technologies, the chapter broadens the horizons of analysis of the interplay between social action and media.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016
Keywords
ethnography, media ethnography
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32379 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-40700-5_10 (DOI)9783319406992 (ISBN)9783319407005 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-01 Created: 2017-04-12Bibliographically approved
Sartoretto, P. (2016). Mobilization as Communication: A Latin American contribution to the study of social movements. Commons: revista de comunicación y ciudadanía digital, 5(2), 93-117
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mobilization as Communication: A Latin American contribution to the study of social movements
2016 (English)In: Commons: revista de comunicación y ciudadanía digital, ISSN 2255-3401, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 93-117Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many scholars have noted the lack of interdisciplinary dialogue and research between the areas of social movements studies and that of media and communications. While social movement studies fail to fully analyse media practices and communicative processes in relation to mobilization, in media and communication the social and political aspects of mobilization are seldom taken into account when analysing communication in social movements. This apparent lack of dialogue is presented in the paper as a consequence of north-centred theorization in the fields of social movement studies and media and communication, which is addressed by spelling out the contribution of Latin American communication scholarship and a view of mobilization as anchored in communication.

Keywords
Social movements, mobilization, communication, Latin America.
National Category
Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32389 (URN)
Available from: 2017-04-12 Created: 2017-04-12 Last updated: 2017-04-12Bibliographically approved
Sartoretto, P. (2016). Mobilization as communication: A Latin American Perspective to the Study of Social Movements. In: Social Movements Around the World: . Paper presented at 66th ICA Annual Conference: Communicating With Power, Fukuoka, Japan, June 9-13, 2016..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mobilization as communication: A Latin American Perspective to the Study of Social Movements
2016 (English)In: Social Movements Around the World, 2016Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper presents a critique to dominant social movement theories problematising their North-centrism and the lack of an in-depth analysis of media and communication's role for social movements. Drawing on Downing’s (2008) argument that there is very little dialogue between the areas of social movement studies and media and communication, a link between social mobilization and communication is identified in Latin American scholarship. The argument advanced is that concepts such as hybridization and conscientization, developed by Latin American scholars to explain social mobilization in the region, can be the missing analytical connection between social movement studies and media and communication. Furthermore, as these concepts were developed to explain social mobilization in post-colonial, underdeveloped and unequal societies, they are presented as a theoretical alternative to the Euro-American universalism of the dominant theories.

Keywords
social movements, mobilization, communication, Latin America
National Category
Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32378 (URN)
Conference
66th ICA Annual Conference: Communicating With Power, Fukuoka, Japan, June 9-13, 2016.
Available from: 2016-09-02 Created: 2017-04-18Bibliographically approved
Uppal, C., Sartoretto, P. & Cheruiyot, D. (2016). The Case for Communication Rights: A Rights Based Approach for Media Development. In: Communicating with Power: 66th Annual International Communication Association Conference, Japan, Fukuoka, June 9-13, 2016. Paper presented at 66th ICA Annual Conference: Communicating With Power, Fukuoka, Japan, June 9-13, 2016..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Case for Communication Rights: A Rights Based Approach for Media Development
2016 (English)In: Communicating with Power: 66th Annual International Communication Association Conference, Japan, Fukuoka, June 9-13, 2016, 2016Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

From the 1980s international organizations have devised strategies to develop national media systems to make them more diverse and inclusive, and preserve local cultures. In many countries these strategies have been unsuccessful and information has become a commodity as the interests of private actors prevent many groups from full access to communication rights. This paper attempts to provide a new view on media development from a rights-based approach, derived from a critique to dominant perspectives from international organizations with a too strong focus on technology provision. The paper argues for media development based on the right to communication as an alternative to commodification of information. Through examples from Brazil and Kenya the paper illustrates that viewing communication as a basic right can lead to the inclusion of more voices in the public discourse. Furthermore, a model for media development is proposed that suggests states’ involvement in preserving local cultures.

Keywords
Development, Communication Rights
National Category
Humanities and the Arts Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32393 (URN)
Conference
66th ICA Annual Conference: Communicating With Power, Fukuoka, Japan, June 9-13, 2016.
Available from: 2016-09-10 Created: 2017-04-18 Last updated: 2017-04-12Bibliographically approved
Sartoretto, P. (2016). The Circumstantial Media Activist: An Analysis of the Relation between Media and Political Representation. Javnost - The Public, 23(3), 273-289
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Circumstantial Media Activist: An Analysis of the Relation between Media and Political Representation
2016 (English)In: Javnost - The Public, ISSN 1318-3222, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 273-289Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Alternative or radical media are kinds of media production common among social movements whose members do not see their causes represented in mainstream media. This is the case of the Brazilian Landless Workers Movement (MST), which since 1984 has created media outlets and produced content for different platforms, later becoming active in the area of media and communication rights in Brazil. Based on fieldwork carried out in 2013 and 2014, this article proposes that a perspective of communication rights is attentive to the structural configuration of the media landscape and not only to the provision of technology and production skills. This study shows that collective action and promotion of structural change are still relevant alongside new technologies.

Keywords
media activism, communication rights, representation, participation, social movement
National Category
Media Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32375 (URN)10.1080/13183222.2016.1210466 (DOI)000384424400004 ()2-s2.0-84989170573 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-04-12 Created: 2017-04-12 Last updated: 2018-07-05Bibliographically approved
Sartoretto, P. (2016). Watchdogs or influential political players? The blurring line between editorializing and informing in Argentinean and Brazilian news media. In: : . Paper presented at Pre-IAMCR Conference: Media & Governance in Latin America: Past, Present and Future of Communications in the Region, Leeds, UK, July 25-26, 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Watchdogs or influential political players? The blurring line between editorializing and informing in Argentinean and Brazilian news media
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The watchdog role of the press has been a widely accepted concept in political communication for decades. According to this view, by monitoring the conduct of governments, news media play a regulatory role that is vital to democracy, such that their independence from political actors enables them to consider different sources of information and perspectives on an issue and present a balanced coverage to the public, and the quality of their news is defined by rigorous fact-checking, a focus on information rather than infotainment, and due attention to the complexity of the issue covered (including adequate discussion of context, causes and consequences). This view, however, is challenged by the current Latin American scenario, in which the boundaries between editorial line and information are blurred in connection with the engagement of media holdings in society as commercial and political actors with their own interests.  In this paper we approach the problem by way of a comparison of the reporting by Brazilian and Argentinian printed news outlets of two recent stories involving political personalities in government in both countries. . We a) analyze the quality of their respective coverage and b) establish similarities and differences in their approaches. We then compare this coverage with that of four smaller-scale news media outlets (Página/12 daily newspaper and bimonthly magazine Acción in Argentina, and weekly newspaper Brazil de Fato and online newspaper Brasil 247 in Brazil) that are not components of media conglomerates, analyzed following the same approach. Findings of this exploratory study indicate that the coverage of dominant news media outlets fails to meet the quality standards considered a hallmark of watchdog journalism, and reveal commonalities in their approaches to framing the stories under scrutiny. These commonalities call for further comparative investigation of the production of political news by dominant media players in the region. Moreover, our findings illustrate the use of newsmaking to advance specific interests rather than inform the public, and indicate the need to rethink the location of the watchdog role in democracies affected by media concentration. If dominant media groups use their news outlets to advance specific interests and therefore play a powerful role in the democratic game other than duly informing citizens, where should the watchdog role lie?

Keywords
watchdog-journalism, quality news, Argentina, Brazil
National Category
Media Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32377 (URN)
Conference
Pre-IAMCR Conference: Media & Governance in Latin America: Past, Present and Future of Communications in the Region, Leeds, UK, July 25-26, 2016
Available from: 2016-09-02 Created: 2017-04-18Bibliographically approved
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5638-6606

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