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Wennerhag, Magnus, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3886-0298
Publications (10 of 75) Show all publications
Emilsson, K., Johansson, H. & Wennerhag, M. (2020). Frame Disputes or Frame Consensus?: "Environment" or "Welfare" First Amongst Climate Strike Protesters. Sustainability, 12(3), Article ID 882.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Frame Disputes or Frame Consensus?: "Environment" or "Welfare" First Amongst Climate Strike Protesters
2020 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 3, article id 882Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Present debates suppose a close linkage between economic, social, and environmental sustainability and suggest that individual wellbeing and living standards need to be understood as directly linked to environmental concerns. Because social movements are often seen as an avant-garde in pushing for change, this article analyzes climate protesters’ support for three key frames in current periods of social transformation, i.e., an "environmental", an "economic growth", and a "welfare" frame. The analyzed data material consists of survey responses from over 900 participants in six Global Climate Strikes held in Sweden during 2019. The article investigates the explanatory relevance of three factors: (a) political and ideological orientation, (b) movement involvement, and (c) social characteristics. The results indicate that climate protesters to a large degree support an environmental frame before an economic growth-oriented frame, whereas the situation is more complex regarding support for a welfare frame vis-á-vis an environmental frame. The strongest factors explaining frame support include social characteristics (gender) and protestors’ political and ideological orientation. Movement involvement has limited significance. The article shows how these frames form a fragment of the complexity of these issues, and instances of frame distinctions, hierarchies, and disputes emerge within the most current forms of climate change demonstrations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020
Keywords
global climate strike, demonstrations, environmental movement, frame support, frames, protest surveys, sustainability, sustainable welfare, Greta Thunberg, Fridays For Future
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-40087 (URN)10.3390/su12030882 (DOI)
Projects
The new urban challenge: Models of Sustainable Welfare in Swedish metropolitan citiesThe necessary and the possible: How social movements articulate, convey and negotiate visions of a fossil‐free and just future
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2016-00340Swedish Research Council Formas, 2019-01961
Available from: 2020-02-03 Created: 2020-02-03 Last updated: 2020-02-04Bibliographically approved
de Moor, J., Uba, K., Wahlström, M., Wennerhag, M. & De Vydt, M. (Eds.). (2020). Protest for a future II: Composition, mobilization and motives of the participants in Fridays For Future climate protests on 20-27 September, 2019, in 19 cities around the world.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Protest for a future II: Composition, mobilization and motives of the participants in Fridays For Future climate protests on 20-27 September, 2019, in 19 cities around the world
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2020 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In September 2019, the third Global Climate Strike organized by the Fridays For Future (FFF) protest campaign mobilized 6000 protest events in 185 countries and brought 7.6 million participants out onto the streets. This report analyses survey data about participants from 19 cities around the world and compares it to data from an international survey conducted in 13 European cities in March 2019. Both surveys collected data following the well-established “Caught in the Act of Protest” survey methodology in order to generate representative samples.  What makes FFF new and particularly interesting is the involvement of schoolchildren and students as initiators, organizers and participants in climate activism on a large scale. The September mobilizations differed from the March events in the explicit call for adults to join the movement. Although older age cohorts were more strongly represented in September, young people continued to make up a substantial portion of the protestors – almost one third of demonstrators were aged 19 or under. Additionally, there was a high proportion of female FFF protestors. In both surveys nearly 60% of participants identified as female – with the largest share among the youngest demonstrators. Overwhelming majorities of adult participants were well educated and had a university degree. Moreover, a large proportion of young people participating in the September strikes had parents who had studied at university level.  Despite the young age of the participants, interpersonal mobilization was the predominant method of recruitment to the strikes, particularly among friends and schoolmates. However, the growth in the size and popularity of the movement also includes a growing share of people who participate alone. Around a quarter of adults fit this category, as well as an initially small but growing number of young people. When expressing their emotions concerning climate change and global warming, the majority of protesters felt worried, frustrated and angered, as well as anxious about the future, although they did not often express a feeling of hopelessness. Therefore, despite a general tendency of decreasing hopefulness that important environmental issues can be addressed through policies, FFF participants show that their action is driven by feelings, awareness of the issues and a willingness to engage in finding solutions. In answer to a series of questions concerning solutions to environmental problems, respondents were divided over whether modern science could be relied on to solve environmental problems. Agreement varied between cities and age-groups on the degree to which they thought stopping climate change could be accomplished through voluntary individual lifestyle changes. However, there was more unity in skepticism towards relying on companies and the market to solve these problems.  In conclusion, surveys of the strikes in March and September indicate important elements of continuity, as well as a small degree of change. Female participants and people with higher education predominate, interpersonal mobilization – particularly among friends – remains a central factor in recruiting support, and protesters are mostly driven by feelings of frustration, anger and anxiety. However, the age of protestors is becoming more diverse, protesters’ hopefulness seems to be in decline, and the “Greta effect” is becoming less influential. The report findings suggest that the movement is becoming more established although its emotional basis for mobilization may be changing.

Publisher
p. 256
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-40271 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2019-01961Swedish Research Council Formas, 2019-00261
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2020-02-28
Jämte, J. & Wennerhag, M. (2019). Brottsförebyggande åtgärder mot radikala vänsterrörelser: effekter och erfarenheter. Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Brottsförebyggande åtgärder mot radikala vänsterrörelser: effekter och erfarenheter
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Under senare år har lokala myndigheter utvecklat brottsförebyggande åtgärder för att motverka politiskt motiverad våldsanvändning och ”våldsbejakande extremism”. I detta projekt undersöks hur lärare, socialarbetare och poliser på lokal nivå tolkar och utför sitt uppdrag inom det specifika arbetet mot ”vänsterextremism” samt hur vänsterradikala aktivister uppfattar och påverkas av dessa åtgärder.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap, 2019. p. 32
Series
MSB ; 1370
Keywords
Extremism, Vänsterextremism, Brottsförebyggande åtgärder, Sociala rörelser, Radikalisering
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38036 (URN)978-91-7383-934-1 (ISBN)
Projects
Radikalisering och motradikalisering
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Available from: 2019-04-24 Created: 2019-04-24 Last updated: 2019-05-22Bibliographically approved
de Moor, J., Uba, K., Wahlström, M., Wennerhag, M., Emilsson, K. & Johansson, H. (2019). Country reports: Sweden. In: Mattias Wahlström, Piotr Kocyba, Michiel De Vydtand & Joost de Moor (Ed.), Protest for a future: Composition, mobilization and motives of the participants in Fridays For Future climate protests on 15 March, 2019 in 13 European cities (pp. 19-31).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Country reports: Sweden
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2019 (English)In: Protest for a future: Composition, mobilization and motives of the participants in Fridays For Future climate protests on 15 March, 2019 in 13 European cities / [ed] Mattias Wahlström, Piotr Kocyba, Michiel De Vydtand & Joost de Moor, 2019, p. 19-31Chapter in book (Other academic)
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-40142 (URN)
Projects
Skolstrejk för klimatet - en undersökning om skolelevernas klimataktivism
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2019-00261
Available from: 2020-02-06 Created: 2020-02-06 Last updated: 2020-02-14Bibliographically approved
Wahlström, M., Sommer, M., Kocyba, P., De Vydt, M., de Moor, J., Davies, S., . . . Buzogany, A. (2019). Fridays For Future: a new generation of climate activism: Introduction to contry reports. In: Mattias Wahlström, Piotr Kocyba, Michiel De Vydtand & Joost de Moor (Ed.), Protest for a future: Composition, mobilization and motives of the participants in Fridays For Future climate protests on 15 March, 2019 in 13 European cities (pp. 6-18).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fridays For Future: a new generation of climate activism: Introduction to contry reports
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2019 (English)In: Protest for a future: Composition, mobilization and motives of the participants in Fridays For Future climate protests on 15 March, 2019 in 13 European cities / [ed] Mattias Wahlström, Piotr Kocyba, Michiel De Vydtand & Joost de Moor, 2019, p. 6-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-40217 (URN)
Projects
Skolstrejk för klimatet - en undersökning om skolelevernas klimataktivism
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2019-00261
Available from: 2020-02-14 Created: 2020-02-14 Last updated: 2020-02-14Bibliographically approved
Johansson, H., Scaramuzzino, R. & Wennerhag, M. (2019). Social Movements and Interest Groups Compared: How organisational type matters for explaining Swedish organisations’ advocacy strategies. Partecipazione e conflitto, 12(2), 353-381
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Movements and Interest Groups Compared: How organisational type matters for explaining Swedish organisations’ advocacy strategies
2019 (English)In: Partecipazione e conflitto, ISSN 1972-7623, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 353-381Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The divide between interest groups and social movement studies runs deep, but present developments call for a renewed focus on the relevance of these analytical categories. Both of these two forms of collective action relate to organisations that are assumed to follow distinctive logics and strategies for political influence. This article aims to contribute to the debates on the analytical difference between interest groups and social movements by comparing their political strategies and addressing the relevance of the typology for explaining organisations’ use of political strat-egies. The paper draws on a dataset resulting from a large survey among Swedish civil society organisations among which clear cases of interest group organisations and “old” and “new” social movement organisations (SMOs) were identified. The results show that the distinction between interest groups and social movement organisations has some analytical value when it comes to explaining the use of different types of strategies: e.g. direct lobbying and media-based and protest-based strategies. Also, the distinction between old and new SMOs is shown to be relevant because old SMOs seem to be in a way “in between” interest groups and new SMOs suggesting that social movements tend to develop over time and to become more similar to interest groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Salento, 2019
Keywords
Advocacy strategies, Civil society organisations, Interest groups, Organisational types, Social movements, Sweden
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39201 (URN)10.1285/i20356609v12i2p353 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-10-21 Created: 2019-10-21 Last updated: 2019-10-21Bibliographically approved
Wahlström, M., Peterson, A. & Wennerhag, M. (2018). "Conscience Adherents" Revisited: Non-Lgbt Pride Parade Participants. Mobilization, 23(1), 83-100
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Conscience Adherents" Revisited: Non-Lgbt Pride Parade Participants
2018 (English)In: Mobilization, ISSN 1086-671X, E-ISSN 1938-1514, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 83-100Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Foundation stones in the resource mobilization theory of social movements are the notions of "conscience adherents" and "conscience constituents," first introduced by McCarthy and Zald in 1977. In this article, we revisit the concept of conscience adherent, by applying it to individuals and groups that are direct supporters of an LGBT movement, but who do not stand to directly benefit from the success should the movement accomplish its goals. Using quantitative data collected during Pride parades in Stockholm, Haarlem, London, and Warsaw, we analyze the group of participants who reported that they were lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender and compare them to heterosexual and gender-conforming participants, identifying factors that explain why people in the latter category participate in Pride parades. We argue that experiences of discrimination, knowing people from the beneficiary group, and/or subscribing to general principles of justice, contribute to conscience adherent participation. Furthermore, based on interviews with Pride parade organizers, we argue that mobilizations based on a more inclusive political strategy will attract more non-LGBT participants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
San Diego State Universty, 2018
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34901 (URN)10.17813/1086-671X-23-1-83 (DOI)000429408400005 ()2-s2.0-85054783829 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P2013-0861:1Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2008-1799European Social Fund (ESF), ESF-08-ECRP-001
Available from: 2018-04-26 Created: 2018-04-26 Last updated: 2020-03-27Bibliographically approved
Scaramuzzino, R. & Wennerhag, M. (2018). Europeanization of Swedish civil society: Motives, activities, and perceived consequences. In: Anna Meeuwisse & Roberto Scaramuzzino (Ed.), Europeanization in Sweden: opportunities and challenges for civil society (pp. 75-107). Oxford: Berghahn Books
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Europeanization of Swedish civil society: Motives, activities, and perceived consequences
2018 (English)In: Europeanization in Sweden: opportunities and challenges for civil society / [ed] Anna Meeuwisse & Roberto Scaramuzzino, Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2018, p. 75-107Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2018
Series
Studies on civil society ; 10
Keywords
Europeanization; Civil society; Advocacy; Protests; Social movements; Interest organizations
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37233 (URN)978-1-78920-034-8 (ISBN)978-1-78920-035-5 (ISBN)
Projects
Beyond the Welfare State: The Europeanization of Swedish Civil Society Organizations
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2010-1678
Available from: 2019-01-10 Created: 2019-01-10 Last updated: 2019-01-10Bibliographically approved
Scaramuzzino, R. & Wennerhag, M. (2018). Factors Explaining Swedish Civil Society Organizations’ Europeanization. In: Anna Meeuwisse & Roberto Scaramuzzino (Ed.), Europeanization in Sweden: opportunities and challenges for civil society (pp. 108-120). Oxford: Berghahn Books
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors Explaining Swedish Civil Society Organizations’ Europeanization
2018 (English)In: Europeanization in Sweden: opportunities and challenges for civil society / [ed] Anna Meeuwisse & Roberto Scaramuzzino, Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2018, p. 108-120Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2018
Series
Studies on civil society ; 10
Keywords
Europeanization; Civil society; Advocacy; Protests; Social movements; Interest organizations
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37234 (URN)978-1-78920-034-8 (ISBN)978-1-78920-035-5 (ISBN)
Projects
Beyond the Welfare State: The Europeanization of Swedish Civil Society Organizations
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2010-1678
Available from: 2019-01-10 Created: 2019-01-10 Last updated: 2019-01-10Bibliographically approved
Wennerhag, M. & Lindgren, J. (2018). Från sammanhållning till solidaritet. Fronesis (58-59), 8-15
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Från sammanhållning till solidaritet
2018 (Swedish)In: Fronesis, ISSN 1404-2614, no 58-59, p. 8-15Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Både vetenskapliga teorier om hur samhället hålls samman och politiska förslag syftande till att öka sammanhållningen kretsar ofta kring begreppet solidaritet. Vad innebär samhällssolidaritet i en tid präglad avojämlikhet, ekonomisk globalisering och framväxande nationalism? Vilka former tar sig solidariteten inom välfärdsstaten – och vilka är vi egentligen solidariska med?

Keywords
Solidaritet, Durkheim, Social sammanhållning
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34702 (URN)
Available from: 2018-03-02 Created: 2018-03-02 Last updated: 2018-04-09Bibliographically approved
Projects
National mobilization strategies and transnational networking: Social movements in East and West. [A006-2008_OSS]; Södertörn UniversityAnarchists in Eastern and Western Europe - a Comparative Study [A068-2011_OSS]; Södertörn University; Publications
Wennerhag, M., Fröhlich, C. & Piotrowski, G. (Eds.). (2017). Radical left movements in Europe. Abingdon, Oxon: RoutledgeWennerhag, M. (2017). Radical left movements in Europe: An introduction. In: Magnus Wennerhag; Christian Fröhlich; Grzegorz Piotrowski (Ed.), Radical Left Movements in Europe: (pp. 1-21). Abingdon, Oxon: RoutledgeSörbom, A. & Wennerhag, M. (2016). Begreppet extremism - en kritisk introduktion. ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys (5), 15-37Piotrowski, G. (2016). Od post-anarchizmu do pop-anarchizmu. In: Skrycki Radosław and Michał Przyborowski (Ed.), Radosława Skryckiego (Ed.), Studia z dziejów anarchizmu (2): w dwusetlecie urodzin Michaiła Bakunina. Paper presented at Szczecin, May 29-31, 2014.. Szczecin: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu SzczecińskiegoPolanska, D. V. & Piotrowski, G. (2016). Poland: Local differences and the importence of cohesion. Baltic Worlds, IX(1-2), 46-56Piotrowski, G. & Polanska, D. V. (2016). Radical Urban Movements in Poland: the case of squatting. Miscellanea Anthropologica et Sociologica, 17(1), 53-69Jämte, J. & Sörbom, A. (2016). Why Did It Not Happen Here?: The Gradual Radicalization of the Anarchist Movement in Sweden 1980–90. In: Bart van der Steen and Knud Andresen (Ed.), A European Youth Revolt: European Perspectives on Youth Protest and Social Movements in the 1980s (pp. 97-111). Basingstoke: Palgrave MacmillanPiotrowski, G. & Wennerhag, M. (2015). Always against the state?: An analysis of Polish and Swedish radical left-libertarian activists’ interaction with institutionalized politics. PArticipation and COnflict, 8(3), 845-875Polanska Vergara, D. & Piotrowski, G. (2015). The transformative power of cooperation between social movements: squatting and tenants’ movements in Poland. City, 19(2-3), 274-296Piotrowski, G. (2014). Squatting in the East – Rozbrat in Poland. In: van Hoogenhuijze, Leendert and Van Der Steen, Bart (Ed.), The City Is Ours: Squatting and Autonomous Movements in Europe from the 1970s to the Present (pp. 233-253). Oakland CA: PM Press
Anti-racist contentions in the Baltic Sea region – a study of anti-racist activists' interplay with politicians and civil servants [57/2016_OSS]; Södertörn University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3886-0298

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