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Johansson, Karl Magnus
Publications (10 of 98) Show all publications
Johansson, K. M. & Nygren, G. (Eds.). (2019). Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (1ed.). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries
2019 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book explores the interplay between government and media drawing on unique evidence from, and in-depth analysis of, four national cases: Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden. Based on the chapters dedicated to each country, five additional chapters address the following cross-national themes: government communication, social media, formality/informality in journalist-source relations, mediatisation of politics, and political communication culture.

The book reveals what really goes on between the political executive and the media in everyday practices within these countries. First, it uncovers a process of mediated political-cultural change within media-political systems. Second, it illustrates the work- ings of prime ministerial power and communication aides at this apex of political power and the media and those who work there. Third, it examines both the struggle within governing institutions to control the flow of information and the tensions between civil servants and political aides, and takes the reader through the four media-political con- texts rooted in a deep knowledge of these relationships.

The result is an illuminating and original analysis of politics, political communication, media and journalism, and offers greater understanding of the realities of government – and democracy – and media in practice as well as the role of media within contemporary politics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019. p. 264 Edition: 1
National Category
Political Science Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37447 (URN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Local ID)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Archive number)1296/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Projects
Symbiotic leader-media relations? Exploring interaction between prime ministers and the media in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1296/3.1.1/2013
Note

Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2019-02-04Bibliographically approved
Johansson, K. M. & Raunio, T. (2019). Government communication in a comparative perspective. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 127-148). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Government communication in a comparative perspective
2019 (English)In: Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 127-148Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter hypothesises that there is a trend of centralisation in government communication – a move upwards in the political executive towards central coordination and control. We test this argument empirically through an inventory of elite interview evidence and a four-country comparison including two case studies – Finland and Sweden – as well as two case illustrations – Lithuania and Poland. Based on, altogether, over 80 interviews with political journalists and political/media advisors or press secretaries in the four countries, the chapter analyses how government communication is structured. The cases of Finland and Sweden offer support for the centralisation hypothesis while those of Lithuania and Poland point out its limitations. We thus conclude that the extent to which government communication is centralised varies across contexts and that the variation is patterned.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
Keywords
centralisation, coordination, executive, government communication, professionalisation
National Category
Political Science Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37452 (URN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Local ID)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Archive number)1296/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Projects
Symbiotic leader-media relations? Exploring interaction between prime ministers and the media in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1296/3.1.1/2013
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2019-02-01Bibliographically approved
Johansson, K. M. & Nygren, G. (2019). Locked in a mutual dependency: Media and the political executive in close interplay. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 247-259). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Locked in a mutual dependency: Media and the political executive in close interplay
2019 (English)In: Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 247-259Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
National Category
Political Science Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37453 (URN)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)
Projects
Symbiotic leader-media relations? Exploring interaction between prime ministers and the media in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1296/3.1.1/2013
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2019-02-01Bibliographically approved
Johansson, K. M., Malling, M. & Nygren, G. (2019). Sweden: A professionally symbiotic relationship. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 97-123). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sweden: A professionally symbiotic relationship
2019 (English)In: Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 97-123Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter explores political executive-media relations in Sweden, with a particular focus on professional day-to-day relationships and habits. The analysis is mainly based on extensive interviews with journalists and government press secretaries, and it establishes the routinisation at work, as well as the professionalisation. The exchanges between journalists and their sources appear to be close but with recognition of each other’s professional roles. Media developments influence the relationship, and the downsizing of newsrooms, multi-platform production 24/7 and increased competition for unique news have made journalists more dependent on available sources. At the same time, professionalisation of government communication makes news management more efficient and has centralising effects on executive systems. Together these trends shift the balance between journalists and their political sources in favour of the latter. The presented findings have important implications for research on journalism, media and political executives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
Keywords
political communication, political journalism, professionalisation, mediatisation, Sweden
National Category
Political Science Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37451 (URN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Local ID)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Archive number)1296/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Projects
Symbiotic leader-media relations? Exploring interaction between prime ministers and the media in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1296/3.1.1/2013
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2019-02-01
Johansson, K. M. & Nygren, G. (2019). The interplay of media and the political executive: Introduction and framework. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 9-26). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The interplay of media and the political executive: Introduction and framework
2019 (English)In: Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 9-26Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
National Category
Political Science Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37450 (URN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Local ID)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Archive number)1296/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Projects
Symbiotic leader-media relations? Exploring interaction between prime ministers and the media in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1296/3.1.1/2013
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2019-02-01Bibliographically approved
Johansson, K. M. (2018). Behovet av psykologi i statsvetenskaplig analys: Palme i centrum. In: Björn Badersten, Jakob Gustavsson & Maria Strömvik (Ed.), Det gränslösa samtalet: vänbok till Magnus Jerneck (pp. 163-170). Lund: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Behovet av psykologi i statsvetenskaplig analys: Palme i centrum
2018 (Swedish)In: Det gränslösa samtalet: vänbok till Magnus Jerneck / [ed] Björn Badersten, Jakob Gustavsson & Maria Strömvik, Lund: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift , 2018, p. 163-170Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift, 2018
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-35376 (URN)978-91-639-7499-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-05-29 Created: 2018-05-29 Last updated: 2018-07-24Bibliographically approved
Van Hecke, S., Andrione-Moylan, A., Brack, N., de Coninck, I., Day, S., Gagatek, W., . . . Wolfs, W. (2018). Reconnecting European Political Parties with European Union Citizens. Stockholm: International IDEA
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reconnecting European Political Parties with European Union Citizens
Show others...
2018 (English)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Democracy involves popular control over decision-making, and political equality among those exercising that control. In parliamentary democracies, day-to-day control is delegated to elected politicians, who organize themselves in political parties. Globally, political parties have become an important interface between government and the people.

Since their establishment, European political parties have enhanced their role(s) within the polity of the European Union. Within the context of multiple challenges to democracy worldwide, and in view of the 2019 European Parliament elections, European political parties are increasingly called upon to represent EU citizens in their work, and ensure an effective connection with people.

This Discussion Paper takes a comprehensive approach to understanding the role(s) of European political parties within the polity of the EU. It focuses on how European political parties can (re)connect with EU citizens, and emphasizes the regulatory framework in which European political parties operate. It also provides insights into European political parties’ linkage with national political parties, and outreach in relation to EU political actors and citizens. It includes a set of recommendations to advance the broadening, deepening and diversification of avenues and tools for European political parties to connect with citizens.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: International IDEA, 2018. p. 71
Series
International IDEA Discussion Paper ; 6/2018
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36968 (URN)10.31752/idea.2018.71 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved
Johansson, K. M. (2018). Statsministern och medierna. In: Lars Nord, Marie Grusell, Niklas Bolin & Kajsa Falasca (Ed.), Snabbtänkt: Reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare (pp. 101). Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet, Demicom.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Statsministern och medierna
2018 (Swedish)In: Snabbtänkt: Reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare / [ed] Lars Nord, Marie Grusell, Niklas Bolin & Kajsa Falasca, Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet, Demicom. , 2018, p. 101-Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet, Demicom., 2018
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36768 (URN)978-91-88025-99-9 (ISBN)
Note

S. 91 i elektronsiks version.

Available from: 2018-11-14 Created: 2018-11-14 Last updated: 2018-11-16Bibliographically approved
Johansson, J., Johansson, K. M. & Mellbourn, A. (2017). Parlament i världen: Riksdagen och Interparlamentariska unionen. Stockholm: Sveriges riksdag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parlament i världen: Riksdagen och Interparlamentariska unionen
2017 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Under mer än hundra år har världens parlament och folkvalda haft en återkommande mötesplats för tankeutbyte och gemensamma aktioner i Interparlamentariska unionen, IPU.

Från början var IPU en del av förra sekelskiftets framväxande rörelse för demokrati och fred i Europa. Samarbete mellan världens parlamentariker skulle demokratisera utrikespolitiken och skapa förutsättningar för en hållbar fred. Inom loppet av ett drygt kvartssekel hedrades hela åtta företrädare för IPU med Nobels fredspris.

Trots två förödande världskrig på 1900-talet och hotet om kärnvapenkrig sedan dess har IPU behållit sin roll som mötesplats och samtalsforum. Arbetet med utvecklings- och biståndsarbete har vuxit kring frågor om hållbar utveckling och mänskliga rättigheter. Att främja kvinnors deltagande i politiken har blivit en profilfråga. Sedan millennieskiftet betonar IPU särskilt sin roll som parlamentarisk partner till FN.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Sveriges riksdag, 2017. p. 128
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33833 (URN)978-91-88607-23-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-12-07 Created: 2017-12-07 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Johansson, K. M. (2017). Sweden and the European Union. In: William R Thompson (Ed.), Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics: . Oxford University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sweden and the European Union
2017 (English)In: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics / [ed] William R Thompson, Oxford University Press, 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Membership in the European Union (EU) entails adjustments or changes in national democracies. Sweden joined the EU in 1995, and EU membership has given rise to controversies in the public debate as well as in the academic community. Four main scholarly and related themes are addressed here.

First is the discursive construction of the question of democracy in relation to European integration. In an effort to legitimize membership in the public debate, the consequences in terms of sovereignty were summarized in the official Swedish discourse on EU membership as a loss in formal sovereignty but an increase in real sovereignty. The conclusions became known as the calculus of sovereignty. This conceptual innovation entailed a reinterpretation of popular sovereignty, as stipulated by the Swedish constitution, as well as of democracy, implying that efficiency or problem-solving capacity was emphasized more than procedural democracy. Increased economic and political interdependence had created a situation where independent political decisions were seen as ineffective.

Second is the controversy surrounding the question of influence and the extent to which Sweden is exerting influence in the EU. This issue came to the fore in connection with the euro referendum in 2003. While some argued that remaining outside the euro would come with a political price—marginalization—others emphasized the lack of evidence for such effects. To some extent, this remains a moot point, not least as a result of the expansion and importance of the euro zone.

Third is the question of whether or not there is political opposition, that is, conflict rather than consensus in EU affairs. Recent research claims that (allegedly almost nonexistent) previous research had underestimated the degree of political opposition or conflict, notably in parliament. Moreover, results suggest that there is variation in EU opposition across time and policy areas. However, the key question here should be whether or not there is effective opposition, making a difference to policy outcomes. Several reforms have been initiated to strengthen the involvement of the parliament in EU policymaking, but none has really sought to challenge the balance between parliamentary scrutiny and executive discretion.

Fourth is the state and different interpretations of either decentering or centering effects. Whereas some claim that fragmentation or decentralization is the central feature of the Europeanization of the Swedish state, other researchers submit that the predominant tendency is rather centralization, as the demands of EU decision making—not least EU summitry—on national policy coordination have been a principal driving factor in this process.

These are the main themes in the debate over the EU and EU membership in Sweden. Included here are a series of analytical narratives and counternarratives, as well as a discussion of important implications for the national democracy and for the distribution or redistribution of power among domestic political actors therein. In sum, any interpretation of modern-day politics must now take into account the significance of the EU, operating through Europeanizing impacts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2017
Keywords
consensus, coordination, democracy, European Union, influence, institution, opposition, sovereignty, state
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32647 (URN)10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.013.506 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-05-30 Created: 2017-05-30 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
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