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Aylott, Nicholas, lektor, docentORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9346-2324
Publications (10 of 66) Show all publications
Aylott, N. & Bolin, N. (2024). The reality of representation in Europe: the mode of leader selection in political parties. Political Research Exchange, 6(1), Article ID 2353718.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The reality of representation in Europe: the mode of leader selection in political parties
2024 (English)In: Political Research Exchange, E-ISSN 2474-736X, Vol. 6, no 1, article id 2353718Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Political parties's choices of who leads them can have a major bearing on politics. Recent research shows that selection procedures exhibit considerable variation, even among parties in broadly comparable European parliamentary democracies. The most common analytical approach is to focus on the ‘official story’–that is, what the parties’ statutes say that they do when selecting a leader. This, in turn, implies a heavy emphasis on the final stage of the selection procedure, in which the decision about who will lead the party is made by the ‘selectorate’. Yet this, the ‘official story’, is only a part of the process, and quite often not even the most important part. In this article, we seek to make the classification of selection processes more manageable and meaningful. We propose a typology of the ‘mode’ of selection, in which the emphasis is on the management of competition for the leader's position before the decision reaches the selectorate. We identify five modes of competition: open, enclosed, filtered, enclosed and filtered, and managed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2024
Keywords
Europe, leadership selection, Political party, sets, steering agent
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-54204 (URN)10.1080/2474736X.2024.2353718 (DOI)2-s2.0-85194843054 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 19/2018
Available from: 2024-06-12 Created: 2024-06-12 Last updated: 2024-06-12Bibliographically approved
Aylott, N. & Bolin, N. (2023). A new right: the Swedish parliamentary election of September 2022. West European Politics, 46(5), 1049-1062
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A new right: the Swedish parliamentary election of September 2022
2023 (English)In: West European Politics, ISSN 0140-2382, E-ISSN 1743-9655, Vol. 46, no 5, p. 1049-1062Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Swedish parliamentary election of 11 September 2022 led to the removal of a Social Democratic government and the installation of a right-of-centre coalition. The change was made possible by the mainstream right's abandonment of the previous cordon sanitaire around the radical-right Sweden Democrats (SD). The new government, consisting of the Moderates, the Christian Democrats and the Liberals, concluded a comprehensive agreement with SD. In this article, we sketch the background to the election; describe how the campaign unfolded; and interpret the results and outcome.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
Keywords
Sweden, election, parties, party system, government formation
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51002 (URN)10.1080/01402382.2022.2156199 (DOI)000911456600001 ()
Available from: 2023-02-14 Created: 2023-02-14 Last updated: 2023-06-13Bibliographically approved
Andersson, S. & Aylott, N. (2023). An Exceptional Case: Sweden and the Pandemic. In: Alan W. Cafruny; Leila Simona Talani (Ed.), The Political Economy of Global Responses to COVID-19: (pp. 75-101). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Exceptional Case: Sweden and the Pandemic
2023 (English)In: The Political Economy of Global Responses to COVID-19 / [ed] Alan W. Cafruny; Leila Simona Talani, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2023, p. 75-101Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter has two aims. First, we describe the Swedish authorities’ management of the pandemic in 2020. Their approach deviated markedly from policies pursued in neighbouring countries, with respect to the authorities’ understanding of the virus; the measures adopted to counter the spread of the virus; the reliance on recommendations to citizens rather than legally binding instructions; and, most notably, the extensive delegation of policy-making by the government to a technocratic authority, the Public Health Agency. Second, we try to explain this policy deviation. We show that Swedish constitutional arrangements, with relatively autonomous, policy-delivering agencies, are a necessary but insufficient condition for explaining the outcome. Three additional conditions are needed: assertive leadership within the Public Health Agency; a weak and passive government; and citizens’ trust in public institutions, reflected in rallying around the flag and in supportive media coverage, all which cemented initial policy choices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2023
Series
International Political Economy Series, ISSN 2662-2483, E-ISSN 2662-2491
Keywords
Covid-19, Crisis, Delegation, Democratic governance, Pandemic, Policy-making, Sweden
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51370 (URN)10.1007/978-3-031-23914-4_5 (DOI)2-s2.0-85152082032 (Scopus ID)978-3-031-23913-7 (ISBN)978-3-031-23916-8 (ISBN)978-3-031-23914-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-04-21 Created: 2023-04-21 Last updated: 2023-04-21Bibliographically approved
Bolin, N. & Aylott, N. (2023). Analysing intra-party power: Swedish selection committees over five decades. Politics, 43(3), 387-403
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analysing intra-party power: Swedish selection committees over five decades
2023 (English)In: Politics, ISSN 0263-3957, E-ISSN 1467-9256, Vol. 43, no 3, p. 387-403Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Unlike political parties in many other countries, Swedish ones have not adopted more inclusive methods for choosing their election candidates and party leaders. While the party congress formally selects important party offices, the process is managed, prior to the formal vote, by a selection committee vested with the task of filtering the pool of potential leaders and proposing one of them as the new leader. In this article, we survey the composition of these selection committees over time to investigate the extent to which change has taken place. Specifically, we investigate whether the composition of these powerful committees, which decide who joins the ranks of the country's political leaders, has developed over time in relation to what prominent theories of intra-party power might lead us to expect. We derive testable expectations from prominent conceptualisations of intra-party power and apply these empirically. Specifically, we study the composition of party selection committees in Sweden over 50 years, 1969-2019. In total, this includes 40 different selection committees and almost 400 individuals. Contrary to conventional wisdom on intra-party power relations, the empirical analysis reveals a surprising degree of stability, raising questions about common claims of general power shifts within parties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023
Keywords
intra-party politics, intra-party power, political parties, selection, Sweden
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-46675 (URN)10.1177/02633957211051638 (DOI)000710519300001 ()2-s2.0-85117348282 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 19/18
Available from: 2021-11-04 Created: 2021-11-04 Last updated: 2023-08-29Bibliographically approved
Aylott, N. & Bolin, N. (2023). Editorial: Party leader selection in Europe: concepts, processes and outcomes. Frontiers in Political Science, 5, Article ID 1279488.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Editorial: Party leader selection in Europe: concepts, processes and outcomes
2023 (English)In: Frontiers in Political Science, E-ISSN 2673-3145, Vol. 5, article id 1279488Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2023
Keywords
case study, leader, political party, process, selection
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52790 (URN)10.3389/fpos.2023.1279488 (DOI)001105731500001 ()2-s2.0-85177071928 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-11-29 Created: 2023-11-29 Last updated: 2024-01-08Bibliographically approved
Aylott, N. & Bolin, N. (2023). Locating power in party leader selection. Scandinavian Political Studies, 46(1-2), 1-22
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Locating power in party leader selection
2023 (English)In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, Vol. 46, no 1-2, p. 1-22Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, the aim is to enhance our understanding of who has power over leader selection in political parties. To this end, we apply an analytical framework in which the selection process is divided into three phases: gatekeeping, preparation and decision. The focus is on determining the extent to which each of these phases is influential for the outcome and thereby locating the distribution of intra-party power. Underpinning the analysis is the conviction that the comparison of leader selection is too limited if it relies solely on information about formal procedures, including the composition of the selectorate. We should also take the preselection phase of leader selection into account. Empirically, we examine a sample of recent selection processes in European parliamentary democracies. In contrast to previous research on intra-party politics, which has suggested an ascendancy of the party in public office, our results suggest an enduring strength of the party on the ground and the party in the central office.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50578 (URN)10.1111/1467-9477.12243 (DOI)000899305300001 ()2-s2.0-85144397912 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-01-10 Created: 2023-01-10 Last updated: 2023-06-13Bibliographically approved
Aylott, N. & Bolin, N. (2023). Shifting perceptions of intra-party democracy: Leader selection in the Swedish Liberal Party. Frontiers in Political Science, 5, Article ID 1070269.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Shifting perceptions of intra-party democracy: Leader selection in the Swedish Liberal Party
2023 (English)In: Frontiers in Political Science, E-ISSN 2673-3145, Vol. 5, article id 1070269Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Swedish Liberal Party chose a new leader in 2019. It was, in some ways, typical of leader selection in Sweden. It featured an elaborate, institutionalised and yet only semi-public form of “precursory delegation,” in which aspiring leaders are filtered by a “steering agent” on behalf of the party’s main power centres. In other ways, though, the process was unusually conflictual and produced an unexpected result, which had considerable consequences for the party and for Swedish politics. Moreover, the selection involved the breakdown of a long-established procedure for leader selection in the party. We seek to explain this deviant case. We emphasise an unexpected cascade of decisions by regional party branches to hold membership ballots on the leadership candidates. This event, we argue, was critical for the outcome. We also suggest a causal mechanism, a shifting perception of procedural legitimacy, that facilitated the outcome—a mechanism that could be useful in understanding leader selection and moments of party change more generally. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2023
Keywords
democracy, leader, Liberals, party, selection, Sweden
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51103 (URN)10.3389/fpos.2023.1070269 (DOI)000994962900001 ()2-s2.0-85147749337 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 18/19
Available from: 2023-02-27 Created: 2023-02-27 Last updated: 2023-06-15Bibliographically approved
Andersson, S., Aylott, N. & Eriksson, J. (2022). Democracy and technocracy in Sweden's Experience of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Frontiers in Political Science, 4, 1-13, Article ID 832518.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Democracy and technocracy in Sweden's Experience of the COVID-19 Pandemic
2022 (English)In: Frontiers in Political Science, E-ISSN 2673-3145, Vol. 4, p. 1-13, article id 832518Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sweden’s management of the coronavirus pandemic, beginning in early 2020, hasbeen much discussed because it deviated from other countries’ equivalents. Set inthe context of scholarly debate about the balance between politicians and experts inpolitical decision-making, we argue that a necessary condition for this case of Swedishexceptionalism was the manner of policy-making adopted by the Swedish authorities. Inthis article, we describe this policy-making procedure, which involved a radical form ofdelegation by elected politicians to appointed experts, and seek to explain how it cameabout. We focus on the 1st year of the pandemic, and use media reports and other publicdocuments, including parts of a public inquiry, as our empirical material.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2022
Keywords
Covid-19, Democracy, Expert, Pandemic, Sweden, Policy, Politics
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-49004 (URN)10.3389/fpos.2022.832518 (DOI)000994948400001 ()2-s2.0-85130699843 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-05-09 Created: 2022-05-09 Last updated: 2024-01-08Bibliographically approved
Aylott, N. (2021). Book review of: Cartelisation, Convergence or Increasing Similarities?: Lessons from Parties in Parliament and Democracy and the Cartelization of Political Parties [Review]. Party Politics, 27(3), 597-598
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Book review of: Cartelisation, Convergence or Increasing Similarities?: Lessons from Parties in Parliament and Democracy and the Cartelization of Political Parties
2021 (English)In: Party Politics, ISSN 1354-0688, E-ISSN 1460-3683, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 597-598Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2021
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-45447 (URN)10.1177/13540688211011782 (DOI)000648625700017 ()
Note

Book revies of Enroth H and Hagevi M (eds), Cartelisation, Convergence orIncreasing Similarities? Lessons from Parties in Parliament

and

Katz RS and Mair P, Democracy and the Cartelization of Political Parties

Available from: 2021-05-27 Created: 2021-05-27 Last updated: 2021-06-03Bibliographically approved
Aylott, N. (2020). Brexit - skilsmässan som splittrat Storbritannien. Världspolitikens Dagsfrågor (6), 1-32
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Brexit - skilsmässan som splittrat Storbritannien
2020 (Swedish)In: Världspolitikens Dagsfrågor, ISSN 0042-2754, no 6, p. 1-32Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Beslutet att lämna EU har inte bara förändrat Storbritanniens plats i världen utan också skakat om den brittiska inrikespolitiken och förstärkt polariseringen mellan brexitanhängare och EU-vänner. På sikt kan brexit hota sammanhållningen i landet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Utrikespolitiska institutet, 2020
Keywords
Brexit, Britain, UK, EU, Boris Johnson, Brexit, Storbritannien, EU, Boris Johnson
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-42261 (URN)
Available from: 2020-11-24 Created: 2020-11-24 Last updated: 2020-11-24Bibliographically approved
Projects
Political Parties and their Leaders: Power and Selection in Comparative Perspective [19/2018_OSS]; Södertörn University; Publications
Aylott, N. & Bolin, N. (2024). The reality of representation in Europe: the mode of leader selection in political parties. Political Research Exchange, 6(1), Article ID 2353718. Bolin, N. & Aylott, N. (2023). Analysing intra-party power: Swedish selection committees over five decades. Politics, 43(3), 387-403Aylott, N. & Bolin, N. (2020). Conflicts and Coronations: Analysing Leader Selection in European Political Parties. In: Nicholas Aylott; Niklas Bolin (Ed.), Managing Leader Selection in European Political Parties: (pp. 1-28). London: Palgrave MacmillanAylott, N. & Bolin, N. (Eds.). (2020). Managing Leader Selection in European Political Parties. London: Palgrave MacmillanBolin, N. & Aylott, N. (2020). Patterns in Leader Selection: Where Does Power Lie?. In: Nicholas Aylott; Niklas Bolin (Ed.), Managing Leader Selection in European Political Parties: (pp. 217-243). London: Palgrave MacmillanAylott, N. & Bolin, N. (2020). The Rule of the Valberedning? Party Leader Selection in Sweden. In: Nicholas Aylott; Niklas Bolin (Ed.), Managing Leader Selection in European Political Parties: (pp. 175-195). London: Palgrave Macmillan
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9346-2324

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