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Eriksson, Johan, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1526-0521
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 81) Show all publications
Eriksson, J. & Newlove-Eriksson, L. (2023). Conceptualizing the European military-civilian-industrial complex: The need for a helicopter perspective. Defence Studies, 3(4), 561-588
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conceptualizing the European military-civilian-industrial complex: The need for a helicopter perspective
2023 (English)In: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 561-588Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In his 1961 farewell address, US President Eisenhower coined the term “military-industrial complex,” referring to the coalescing of military, industrial, and political interest groups. In contemporary Europe, the military-industrial complex is arguably transforming into a complex with a noteworthy commercial civilian dimension, blurring traditional military and arms-focused understandings of European defence and security. Our emphasis on an added corporate civilian component captures the expansion of defence and security beyond the traditional military domain. Coalescing of industry and politics is observed in Europe, blurring the military-civilian divide, technologically as well as in organization and governance, particularly through public-private partnerships. Eisenhower, himself a decorated WWII general, warned of how the US military-industrial complex could lead to “disastrous use of misplaced power.” Rather than reiterating such a conclusion in the European context, our paper examines how the European military-civilian-industrial complex is emerging, looking at how elite participants shape the public-private structure of the complex, and specifically how policies on dual-use and emerging technologies influence developments in Europe. The focus herein is on novel actors, characteristics, and the European Union and charts out defining conceptual features of the defence and security industry in Europe

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2023
Keywords
defence industry, military-civilian, emerging technologies, public-private partnerships
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52809 (URN)10.1080/14702436.2023.2277434 (DOI)2-s2.0-85178922753 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding: EIBURS (European Investment Bank University Research Sponsorship)

Research Project: “JEDI” (Joint Effort for the Defence Industry).

Available from: 2023-12-04 Created: 2023-12-04 Last updated: 2023-12-21Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, J. (2023). Den nya rymdkapplöpningen: Diktaturer och entreprenörer på frammarsch. Ikaros - Tidskrift om människan och vetenskapen, 9(2), 36-40
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den nya rymdkapplöpningen: Diktaturer och entreprenörer på frammarsch
2023 (Swedish)In: Ikaros - Tidskrift om människan och vetenskapen, ISSN 1796-1998, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 36-40Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Åbo: Ikaros, 2023
Keywords
Rymden, USA, Kina, SpaceX, diktaturer, entreprenörer, månen, Mars
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52025 (URN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 65/2017
Available from: 2023-07-30 Created: 2023-07-30 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, J. & Newlove-Eriksson, L. M. (2023). Outsourcing the American Space Dream: SpaceX and the Race to the Stars. Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics and Policy, 21(1), 46-62
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Outsourcing the American Space Dream: SpaceX and the Race to the Stars
2023 (English)In: Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics and Policy, ISSN 1477-7622, E-ISSN 1557-2943, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 46-62Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Whereas the rise of private space entrepreneurship is indisputable, we contend that contrary to the “NewSpace” narrative, the development of privately owned and operated human spacefaring does not dispel or fundamentally alter the American space dream, but rather implies continuity of the narrative of America as the dominant global space power, specifically regarding a return to the Moon and with the explicit aim of colonizing Mars. Herein, we analyze the continuity of the American space dream and how it is expressed by public and private space actors, as well as being supported by popular culture, entertainment, and an active space enthusiast community. We maintain that the continuity of the American space dream as a unifying national narrative is facilitated by how private spacefaring is dependent on the U.S. Government’s emphasis on the pivotal role of private space industry for space exploration. This dependent relationship provides incentives for private space entrepreneurs to share and leverage the established American space dream. The continuity of the American space dream is achieved through a prevailing, yet reconfigured, government-industrial complex.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2023
Keywords
NASA, Space, SpaceX, Musk, American Dream, NewSpace, Public-Private Partnership
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51288 (URN)10.1080/14777622.2023.2196017 (DOI)2-s2.0-85152453643 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 65/2017
Available from: 2023-04-06 Created: 2023-04-06 Last updated: 2023-05-08Bibliographically approved
Giacomello, G. & Eriksson, J. (2023). Rise of the Nerd: Knowledge, Power and International Relations in a Digital World. In: Corneliu Bjola; Markus Kornprobst (Ed.), Digital International Relations: Technology, Agency and Order. London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rise of the Nerd: Knowledge, Power and International Relations in a Digital World
2023 (English)In: Digital International Relations: Technology, Agency and Order / [ed] Corneliu Bjola; Markus Kornprobst, London: Routledge, 2023Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter addresses the rise of the ‘computer nerd’ – a powerful yet under-researched actor in International Relations (IR). Software programmers, algorithm writers, Artificial Intelligence (AI) designers, digital network engineers, computer system administrators and other ‘computer nerds’ have tremendous power in the global information society. These types of experts and epistemic communities design, build, develop, monitor, augment and analyse computer networks, algorithms and ‘Big Data’ upon which contemporary politics, civil society and economies depend. We contend that the computer nerd stereotype – variously anchored to some degree in empirics, reputation and celebration as stereotypes typically are – has significant power in shaping global information society, something which begs scrutiny of this type of actor in IR. The type of expert power maintained by computer nerds is primarily of a system-shaping rather than relational kind. This system-shaping power consists of three subsets of nerd power: ‘design power’ that shapes the digital platforms and applications used by individuals and organisations; ‘connecting power’ that shapes the networks which allow real-time communication and digitalisation of infrastructure; and ‘analytical power’ which controls and produces knowledge of the digital world, including the increasing use of ‘Big Data’.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2023
Series
Routledge Studies in Conflict, Security and Technology
Keywords
Computers, Experts, Nerds, Individual, Agency, Power, Technology, Cyber, Hackers
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52368 (URN)10.4324/9781003437963-5 (DOI)2-s2.0-85174144567 (Scopus ID)9781003437963 (ISBN)9781032571324 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-09-21 Created: 2023-09-21 Last updated: 2023-10-26Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, J. & Privalov, R. (2023). Ryssland i rymden: Nostalgi, futurism och stormaktspolitik. Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 125(1), 99-120
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ryssland i rymden: Nostalgi, futurism och stormaktspolitik
2023 (Swedish)In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 125, no 1, p. 99-120Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

How is outer space perceived in contemporary Russian politics and popular cul-ture? This question is addressed through an analysis of post-Soviet Russian space policy and Russian popular culture, the latter concerning e.g. space museums, movies and literature. By looking both at Russian space policy (operated mainly through the Russian state corporation Roscosmos) and at expressions in popular culture, a wide plethora of ideas and visions of cosmos and Russia’s place in space is observed. Patterns of continuity and change are observed in both realms, and link-ages between politics and popular culture are noted. Expressions of Soviet nostal-gia exists, but there is also a widespread perception of Russia as a weakened space power, seeking to maintain space exploration capacity rather than to take a global lead. In contemporary popular culture, there is also a new diversity of space visions, ranging from postcolonial critique of Soviet and contemporary Russian space policy to global liberal notions and new imperial visions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Fahlbeckska stiftelsen, 2023
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51100 (URN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 65/2017
Available from: 2023-02-27 Created: 2023-02-27 Last updated: 2023-07-10Bibliographically approved
Giacomello, G., Eriksson, J. & Giumelli, F. (2023). Sources of strength: the European defence industry in a disorderly world. Defence Studies, 23(4), 527-530
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sources of strength: the European defence industry in a disorderly world
2023 (English)In: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 527-530Article in journal, Editorial material (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52922 (URN)10.1080/14702436.2023.2285303 (DOI)2-s2.0-85178900643 (Scopus ID)
Note

This work was supported by the European Investment Bank [EIBURS-JEDI grant].

Available from: 2023-12-22 Created: 2023-12-22 Last updated: 2023-12-22Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, J. & Giacomello, G. (2022). Cyberspace in Space: Fragmentation, Vulnerability, and Uncertainty. In: Myriam Dunn Cavelty; Andreas Wenger (Ed.), Cyber Security Politics: Socio-Technological Transformations and Political Fragmentation (pp. 95-107). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cyberspace in Space: Fragmentation, Vulnerability, and Uncertainty
2022 (English)In: Cyber Security Politics: Socio-Technological Transformations and Political Fragmentation / [ed] Myriam Dunn Cavelty; Andreas Wenger, London: Routledge, 2022, p. 95-107Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

What are the consequences of making cyberspace increasingly reliant on satellites and other types of space infrastructure? And what is the meaning and significance of an interplanetary cyberspace? The chapter addresses these developments specifically concerning infrastructure, militarization, and privatization. The consequences observed are summed up as fragmentation, vulnerability, and uncertainty. Cyberspace in space implies fragmentation in terms of stakeholders and governance, and ultimately in terms of power and accountability. Vulnerability increases as cyberspace becomes satellite-based (space is certainly not a safe environment, and satellites can be attacked by anti-satellite weapons as well as new forms of hacking and denial of service. Uncertainty of is tremendous particularly both in terms of what norms and principles will apply (compare the debate on Internet freedom vs. Internet sovereignty), and whether militarization or civilian and even utopian ideas will prevail.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2022
Series
CSS Studies in Security and International Relations
Keywords
Cyber, Space, Satellites, Internet, Security, Governance
National Category
Globalisation Studies
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-48136 (URN)10.4324/9781003110224-8 (DOI)2-s2.0-85133548425 (Scopus ID)9780367626747 (ISBN)9781003110224 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 3011102
Available from: 2022-01-17 Created: 2022-01-17 Last updated: 2022-11-03Bibliographically approved
Andersson, S., Aylott, N. & Eriksson, J. (2022). Democracy and technocracy in Sweden's Experience of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Frontiers in Political Science, 4, 1-13, Article ID 832518.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Democracy and technocracy in Sweden's Experience of the COVID-19 Pandemic
2022 (English)In: Frontiers in Political Science, E-ISSN 2673-3145, Vol. 4, p. 1-13, article id 832518Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sweden’s management of the coronavirus pandemic, beginning in early 2020, hasbeen much discussed because it deviated from other countries’ equivalents. Set inthe context of scholarly debate about the balance between politicians and experts inpolitical decision-making, we argue that a necessary condition for this case of Swedishexceptionalism was the manner of policy-making adopted by the Swedish authorities. Inthis article, we describe this policy-making procedure, which involved a radical form ofdelegation by elected politicians to appointed experts, and seek to explain how it cameabout. We focus on the 1st year of the pandemic, and use media reports and other publicdocuments, including parts of a public inquiry, as our empirical material.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2022
Keywords
Covid-19, Democracy, Expert, Pandemic, Sweden, Policy, Politics
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-49004 (URN)10.3389/fpos.2022.832518 (DOI)000994948400001 ()2-s2.0-85130699843 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-05-09 Created: 2022-05-09 Last updated: 2024-01-08Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, J. & Newlove-Eriksson, L. (2022). Outsourcing the American Space Dream?: SpaceX and the Race to the Stars. In: : . Paper presented at International Studies Association, annual conference, Nashville, Tennessee, March 28 - April 2, 2022..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Outsourcing the American Space Dream?: SpaceX and the Race to the Stars
2022 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Whereas the rise of private space entrepreneurship is indisputable, this paper contends that contrary to the “NewSpace” narrative, the development of privately owned and operated human spacefaring  does not dispel or fundamentally alter the American space dream but rather implies continuity of the narrative of America as the dominant global space power, specifically regarding a return to the Moon and with the explicit aim of colonizing Mars. The present paper analyzes the continuity of the American space dream and how it is expressed by public and private space actors as well as being supported by popular culture, entertainment, and an active space enthusiast community. The paper maintains that the continuity of the American space dream as a unifying national narrative is facilitated by how private spacefaring is heavily dependent on the US government’s emphasis on the pivotal role of private space industry for US-led space exploration. This dependent relationship provides incentives for private space entrepreneurs to share and tap into the established American space dream. The continuity of the American space dream is achieved through a prevailing yet reconfigured government-industrial complex.

Keywords
American dream; Artemis; Elon Musk; NASA; Privatization; Public-Private Partnerships; SpaceX
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50567 (URN)
Conference
International Studies Association, annual conference, Nashville, Tennessee, March 28 - April 2, 2022.
Available from: 2023-01-12 Created: 2023-01-12 Last updated: 2023-01-13Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, J. & Giacomello, G. (2022). Space and the New Iron Curtain. Crisis Response Journal, 7(3), 84-85
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Space and the New Iron Curtain
2022 (English)In: Crisis Response Journal, ISSN 1745-8633, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 84-85Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Crisis Management Limited, 2022
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-49868 (URN)
Available from: 2022-09-08 Created: 2022-09-08 Last updated: 2022-09-15Bibliographically approved
Projects
Russia in Space: Continuity and Change in Russian Space Policy [65/2017_OSS]; Södertörn University; Publications
Privalov, R. (2023). After Space Utopia: Post-Soviet Russia and Futures in Space. (Doctoral dissertation). Huddinge: Södertörns högskolaEriksson, J. (2023). Den nya rymdkapplöpningen: Diktaturer och entreprenörer på frammarsch. Ikaros - Tidskrift om människan och vetenskapen, 9(2), 36-40Privalov, R. (2023). “It Will Develop With or Without Us”: The NewSpace Politics of Expertise and Advocacy in Post-Soviet Russia. Privalov, R. (2023). Lines of Flight from Space Empire: Political Futures of Global Space Expansionism through Russian Imperial Space Fiction. Eriksson, J. & Newlove-Eriksson, L. M. (2023). Outsourcing the American Space Dream: SpaceX and the Race to the Stars. Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics and Policy, 21(1), 46-62Eriksson, J. & Privalov, R. (2023). Ryssland i rymden: Nostalgi, futurism och stormaktspolitik. Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 125(1), 99-120Eriksson, J. & Giacomello, G. (2022). Cyberspace in Space: Fragmentation, Vulnerability, and Uncertainty. In: Myriam Dunn Cavelty; Andreas Wenger (Ed.), Cyber Security Politics: Socio-Technological Transformations and Political Fragmentation (pp. 95-107). London: RoutledgeEriksson, J. & Newlove-Eriksson, L. (2022). Outsourcing the American Space Dream?: SpaceX and the Race to the Stars. In: : . Paper presented at International Studies Association, annual conference, Nashville, Tennessee, March 28 - April 2, 2022.. Eriksson, J. & Giacomello, G. (2022). Space and the New Iron Curtain. Crisis Response Journal, 7(3), 84-85Privalov, R. (2022). Space nostalgia: the future that is only possible in the past: Why has the Day of Cosmonautics, April 12, never becomea national holiday in Russia?. Baltic Worlds (1-2), 52-56
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1526-0521

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