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Carlson, Per, Professor of social workORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2899-3839
Publications (10 of 34) Show all publications
Gerdner, A. & Carlson, P. (2020). Health and living conditions of Samis compared with other citizens based on representative surveys in three Swedish regions. International Journal of Social Welfare, 29(3), 255-269
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health and living conditions of Samis compared with other citizens based on representative surveys in three Swedish regions
2020 (English)In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 255-269Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This is the first general health survey of Samis compared with other Swedes to be based on randomised samples. In three regions, Samis were compared with respondents to the Public Health Investigation (n = 613 Samis and 6,309 respondents). Samis were also compared as to gender and membership in reindeer‐herding Sami villages (SVs). The survey shows that Samis of today have better education, work situation and health, and a healthier lifestyle than other Swedish citizens living in the same regions. There are, however, great differences among the Samis themselves. Members of SVs have weaker finances, and they report having less societal trust and worse health than non‐members do. Male members have lower education, are less involved in social activities and report worse overall health, but do not have a higher incidence of psychiatric problems, than other Samis. Samis, in general, have similar or better health and social situation than non‐Samis, but male SV‐members face greater problems and higher risks than other Samis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2020
Keywords
indigenous mental health, Samis in Sweden, social situation, social capital, alcohol and tobacco use, epidemiology, quantitative research
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-40534 (URN)10.1111/ijsw.12419 (DOI)000541674200006 ()2-s2.0-85082948587 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-04-14 Created: 2020-04-14 Last updated: 2020-07-10Bibliographically approved
Carlson, P. (2019). Declining alcohol consumption among adolescents and schools in Stockholm, 2010–2016. Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 36(4), 344-356
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Declining alcohol consumption among adolescents and schools in Stockholm, 2010–2016
2019 (English)In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 344-356Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims:

The principle aim of this study was to investigate changes in alcohol consumption among adolescents in Stockholm from 2010 to 2016. A further aim was to investigate whether there are divergent or similar trends in alcohol consumption among elementary schools in Stockholm from 2010 to 2016 and, if there are diverging trends, to examine how the differences might be explained.

Methods:

Data were analysed using multilevel mixed effects linear regression, in which individual students represented one level and schools the second level.

Data:

Student-level data were derived from the Stockholm School Survey for the years 2010, 2012, 2014 and 2016 (n = 15481). School-level data (n = 132) were derived from registries of the Swedish National Agency for Education.

Results:

The results showed that there was an almost 45% decline in total alcohol consumption among ninth-grade students in Stockholm between 2010 and 2016. The decline was similar among all analysed consumption groups. Two factors were found to statistically explain some of the general decline: more restrictive parental attitudes towards alcohol and, more importantly, decreasing alcohol consumption among the students’ peers. The downward trends among schools between 2010 and 2016 were universal but not identical, but when parental attitudes towards alcohol and peers’ alcohol behaviour were controlled for, the diverging school trends in alcohol consumption were considerably more equal.

Conclusions:

School constitutes a social context for the student of which both parents and peers are important parts, and the diverging changes may be due to the norms and behaviours, influenced by parents and peers, characterising these schools.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
adolescents, alcohol consumption, friends, parents, schools
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37886 (URN)10.1177/1455072519835710 (DOI)000476500400004 ()32934572 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85069462804 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-03-22 Created: 2019-03-22 Last updated: 2020-09-23Bibliographically approved
Behtoui, A., Carlson, P., Ferlander, S., Heber, A., Jukkala, T. & Lindström, J. (2019). Politiskt färgad undersökning med dålig representativitet: Replik DN Debatt 19/2. Dagens Nyheter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Politiskt färgad undersökning med dålig representativitet: Replik DN Debatt 19/2
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2019 (Swedish)In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37819 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018-02173
Available from: 2019-03-05 Created: 2019-03-05 Last updated: 2022-01-13Bibliographically approved
Carlson, P. & Berggren, E. (2019). Skolor måste engagera sig mot alkoholmissbruket. Dagens Samhälle (no 16 April)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skolor måste engagera sig mot alkoholmissbruket
2019 (Swedish)In: Dagens Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511, no no 16 AprilArticle in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38012 (URN)
Available from: 2019-04-17 Created: 2019-04-17 Last updated: 2019-11-06Bibliographically approved
Carlson, P. (2019). Ungas alkoholvanor påverkas av relationer och allmänna attityder. Helsingfors: Nordens välfärdscenter / Nordic Welfare Centre
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ungas alkoholvanor påverkas av relationer och allmänna attityder
2019 (Swedish)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, pages
Helsingfors: Nordens välfärdscenter / Nordic Welfare Centre, 2019
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37734 (URN)
Available from: 2019-02-23 Created: 2019-02-23 Last updated: 2019-02-26Bibliographically approved
Bergman, A.-S., Sandahl, C., Mellberg, C., Engwall, K. & Carlson, P. (2018). Bedömningsstöd för familjehemsplacerade barns umgänge: En utvärdering ur socialarbetares perspektiv. Tullinge: FOU Södertörn
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bedömningsstöd för familjehemsplacerade barns umgänge: En utvärdering ur socialarbetares perspektiv
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2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I denna rapport presenteras resultaten av en utvärdering av ett bedömningsstöd för familjehemsplacerade barns umgänge med föräldrar, syskon, andra anhöriga och närstående. Bedömningsstödet har utvecklats av FoU Södertörn i samarbete med barn- och familjehemssekreterare från nio Södertörnskommuner. Stödet utgår från erfarenhetskunskap hos personal inom familjehemsvården. Erfarenheter från placerade barn har också funnits med som en grund. Utvärderingen har genomförts av FoU Södertörn och Södertörns högskola på uppdrag av Socialstyrelsen. Utvärderingen bygger på en enkätundersökning och på fokusgruppsintervjuer med barn- och familjehemssekreterare som under en avgränsad period har prövat att använda bedömningsstödet i sitt arbete med att göra bedömningar av barnets bästa i umgängesfrågan.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tullinge: FOU Södertörn, 2018. p. 69
Series
FoU Södertörns skriftserie, ISSN 1403-8358 ; 160
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34212 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-16 Created: 2018-01-16 Last updated: 2018-01-18Bibliographically approved
Carlson, P. (2018). Binge drinking in adolescence: Social stratification and the collectivity of drinking cultures. European Journal of Social Work, 21(1), 74-85
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Binge drinking in adolescence: Social stratification and the collectivity of drinking cultures
2018 (English)In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 74-85Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research investigating what shapes young people’s drinking habits is of great importance. This study aimed to analyse the relation between close social networks and adolescents’ drinking habits and the extent to which close social networks may explain differences in binge drinking among social groups. Data from the ‘Stockholm Survey 2012’ were analysed. The Stockholm Survey was a census survey administered to students in academic years 9 and 11, with a response rate of 76%. Ordered logit models were used to estimate relations between the frequency of binge drinking and the independent variables. Parental educational level is associated with adolescent binge drinking, as students with more highly educated parents are more frequent binge drinkers. Parents’ willingness to offer their teenagers alcohol and peers’ drinking habits are also associated with adolescent binge drinking, with a more permissive parental attitude and a prevalence of drinking among peers increasing the risk. Both parents’ willingness to provide alcohol and peers’ drinking habits may statistically explain a large portion of the observed differences in adolescent drinking by parental education. Close social networks are an important factor influencing adolescent binge drinking, and they may explain a large portion of the differences between social groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
adolescence, Binge drinking, social networks, social stratification
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-30301 (URN)10.1080/13691457.2016.1255928 (DOI)000417767400007 ()2-s2.0-85038015881 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-06-13 Created: 2016-06-13 Last updated: 2020-03-30Bibliographically approved
Carlson, P. (2018). Nya böcker: Edling, Christofer & Rostami, Amir (red.) (2016) Våldets sociala dimensioner: individ, relation, organisation. 1. uppl.Lund: Studentlitteratur [Review]. Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, 25(1), 87-89
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nya böcker: Edling, Christofer & Rostami, Amir (red.) (2016) Våldets sociala dimensioner: individ, relation, organisation. 1. uppl.Lund: Studentlitteratur
2018 (Swedish)In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 87-89Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lunds universitet: Förbundet för forskning i socialt arbete, 2018
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36218 (URN)
Available from: 2018-09-03 Created: 2018-09-03 Last updated: 2022-05-10Bibliographically approved
Carlson, P. & Almquist, Y. B. (2016). Are area-level effects just a proxy for school-level effects?: Socioeconomic differences in alcohol consumption patterns among Swedish adolescents.. Drug And Alcohol Dependence, 166, 243-248
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are area-level effects just a proxy for school-level effects?: Socioeconomic differences in alcohol consumption patterns among Swedish adolescents.
2016 (English)In: Drug And Alcohol Dependence, ISSN 0376-8716, E-ISSN 1879-0046, Vol. 166, p. 243-248Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-30300 (URN)10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.05.031 (DOI)000382339400032 ()27388759 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84977155362 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-06-13 Created: 2016-06-13 Last updated: 2021-11-30Bibliographically approved
Ferlander, S., Stickley, A., Kislitsyna, O., Jukkala, T., Carlson, P. & Mäkinen, I. H. (2016). Social capital - a mixed blessing for women? A cross-sectional study of different forms of social relations and self-rated depression in Moscow. BMC Psychology, 4(1), Article ID 37.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social capital - a mixed blessing for women? A cross-sectional study of different forms of social relations and self-rated depression in Moscow
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2016 (English)In: BMC Psychology, E-ISSN 2050-7283, Vol. 4, no 1, article id 37Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Depression is a major health problem worldwide, especially among women. The condition has been related to a number of factors, such as alcohol consumption, economic situation and, more recently, to social capital. However, there have been relatively few studies about the social capital-depression relationship in Eastern Europe. This paper aims to fill this gap by examining the association between different forms of social capital and self-rated depression in Moscow. Differences between men and women will also be examined, with a special focus on women.

METHODS: Data was obtained from the Moscow Health Survey, which was conducted in 2004 with 1190 Muscovites aged 18 years or above. For depression, a single-item self-reported measure was used. Social capital was operationalised through five questions about different forms of social relations. Logistic regression analysis was undertaken to estimate the association between social capital and self-rated depression, separately for men and women.

RESULTS: More women (48 %) than men (36 %) reported that they had felt depressed during the last year. An association was found between social capital and reported depression only among women. Women who were divorced or widowed or who had little contact with relatives had higher odds of reporting depression than those with more family contact. Women who regularly engaged with people from different age groups outside of their families were also more likely to report depression than those with less regular contact.

CONCLUSIONS: Social capital can be a mixed blessing for women. Different forms of social relations can lead to different health outcomes, both positive and negative. Although the family is important for women's mental health in Moscow, extra-familial relations across age groups can be mentally distressing. This suggests that even though social capital can be a valuable resource for mental health, some of its forms can be mentally deleterious to maintain, especially for women. More research is needed on both sides to social capital. A special focus should be placed on bridging social relations among women in order to better understand the complex association between social capital and depression in Russia and elsewhere.

National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-30673 (URN)10.1186/s40359-016-0144-1 (DOI)27449106 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85008505378 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Note

ERRATUM: Ferlander, S., Stickley, A., Kislitsyna, O., Jukkala, T., Carlson, P., Mäkinen, I.H. (2017) Erratum: Social capital-a mixed blessing for women? A cross-sectional study of different forms of social relations and self-rated depression in Moscow. [BMC Psychology, 4, (2016) (37) DOI: 10.1186/s40359-016-0144-1 ] BMC Psychology, 5 (1), art. no. 20. DOI: 10.1186/s40359-017-0190-3

Available from: 2016-07-28 Created: 2016-07-28 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2899-3839

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