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Karlsson, Mikael
Publications (10 of 36) Show all publications
Gilek, M., Karlsson, M., Linke, S. & Smolarz, K. (2016). Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea (1ed.). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea
2016 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This edited volume presents a comprehensive and coherent interdisciplinary analysis of

challenges and possibilities for sustainable governance of the Baltic Sea ecosystem by

combining knowledge and approaches from natural and social sciences. Focusing on

the Ecosystem Approach to Management (EAM) and associated multi-level, multi-sector

and multi-actor challenges, the book provides up-to-date descriptions and analyses of

environmental governance structures and processes at the macro-regional Baltic Sea

level. Organised in two parts, Part 1 presents in-depth case studies of environmental

governance practices and challenges linked to five key environmental problems -

eutrophication, chemical pollution, overfishing, oil discharges and invasive species.

Part 2 analyses and compares governance challenges and opportunities across the five

case studies, focusing on governance structures and EAM implementation, knowledge

integration and science support, as well as stakeholder communication and participation.

Based on these cross-case comparisons, this book also draws a set of general conclusions

on possible ways of improving the governance of the Baltic Sea by promoting what are

identified as vital functions of environmental governance: coordination, integration,

interdisciplinarity, precaution, deliberation, communication and adaptability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016. p. 253 Edition: 1
Series
MARE Publication Series, ISSN 2212-6260 ; 10
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29774 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-27006-7 (DOI)1748/42/2008 (Local ID)978-3-319-27005-0 (ISBN)978-3-319-27006-7 (ISBN)1748/42/2008 (Archive number)1748/42/2008 (OAI)
Projects
Environmental Risk Governance of the Baltic Sea (RISKGOV)Cooperating for Sustainable Regional Marine Governance
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, 08/371EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, BONUSThe Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A032-08
Available from: 2016-03-23 Created: 2016-03-23 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Gilek, M., Karlsson, M., Linke, S. & Smolarz, K. (2016). Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea: Identifying Key Challenges, Research Topics and Analytical Approaches (1ed.). In: Michael Gilek, Mikael Karlsson, Sebastian Linke, Katarzyna Smolarz (Ed.), Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea: (pp. 1-17). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea: Identifying Key Challenges, Research Topics and Analytical Approaches
2016 (English)In: Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea / [ed] Michael Gilek, Mikael Karlsson, Sebastian Linke, Katarzyna Smolarz, Springer, 2016, 1, p. 1-17Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Baltic Sea ecosystem is subject to a wide array of societal pressures and associated environmental risks (e.g. eutrophication, oil discharges, chemical pollution, overfishing and invasive alien species). Despite several years of substantial efforts by state and non-state actors, it is still highly unlikely that the regionally agreed environmental objectives of reaching “good environmental status” by 2021 in the HELCOM BSAP (Baltic Sea Action Plan) and by 2020 in the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) will be met. This chapter identifies key research topics, as well as presents analytical perspectives for analysing the gap between knowledge and action in Baltic Sea environmental governance. It does so by outlining important trends and key challenges associated with Baltic Sea environmental governance, as well as by summarising the scope and results of individual chapters of this interdisciplinary volume. The analysis reveals the development of increasingly complex governance arrangements and the ongoing implementation of the holistic Ecosystem Approach to Management, as two general trends that together contribute to three key challenges associated with (1) regional and cross - sectoral coordination and collaboration, (2) coping with complexity and uncertainty in science-policy interactions and (3) developing communication and knowledge sharing among stakeholder groups. Furthermore, to facilitate analysis of environmental governance opportunities and obstacles both within and across specific environmental issues, this chapter reviews the scientific literature to pinpoint key research issues and questions linked to the identified governance challenges.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016 Edition: 1
Series
MARE Publication Series, ISSN 2212-6260 ; 10
Keywords
Marine governance, Ecosystem approach to management, Institutional fit, Stakeholder participation, Science-policy interactions
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Environmental Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29778 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-27006-7_1 (DOI)1748/42/2008 (Local ID)978-3-319-27005-0 (ISBN)978-3-319-27006-7 (ISBN)1748/42/2008 (Archive number)1748/42/2008 (OAI)
Projects
Environmental Risk Governance of the Baltic Sea (RISKGOV)Cooperating for sustainable regional marine governance (COOP)
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, 08/371EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, BONUSThe Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A032/08
Available from: 2016-03-23 Created: 2016-03-23 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, M., Gilek, M. & Lundberg, C. (2016). Eutrophication and the Ecosystem Approach to Management: A Case Study of Baltic Sea Environmental Governance (1ed.). In: Michael Gilek, Mikael Karlsson, Sebastian Linke, Katarzyna Smolarz (Ed.), Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea: (pp. 21-44). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Eutrophication and the Ecosystem Approach to Management: A Case Study of Baltic Sea Environmental Governance
2016 (English)In: Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea / [ed] Michael Gilek, Mikael Karlsson, Sebastian Linke, Katarzyna Smolarz, Springer, 2016, 1, p. 21-44Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study investigates if and how present institutional structures and interactions between scientific assessment and environmental management are sufficient for implementing the ecosystem approach to management (EAM) in the case of Baltic Sea eutrophication. Concerning governance structures, a number of institutions and policies focus on issues relating to eutrophication. In many cases, the policies are mutually supportive rather than contradictory, as seen, for example, in the case of the mutually supportive BSAP and MSFD. The opposite is true, however, when it comes to the linkages with some other policy areas, in particular regarding agricultural policy, where the EU CAP subsidises intensive agriculture with at best minor consideration of environmental objectives, thereby undermining EAM. Enhanced policy coherence and stricter policies on concrete measures to combat eutrophication seem well needed in order to reach stated environmental objectives.  When it comes to assessment-management interactions, the science- policy interface has worked well in periods, but the more specific that policies have become, for example, in the BSAP case, the more question marks have been raised about science by affected stakeholders. At present, outright controversies exist, and EAM is far from realised in eutrophication policy in the Baltic Sea region. Besides coping with remaining uncertainties by improving the knowledge on problems and solutions– not least in terms of the socio-economic impacts of eutrophication – it may therefore be valuable to develop venues for improved stakeholder participation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016 Edition: 1
Series
MARE Publication Series, ISSN 2212-6260 ; 10
Keywords
Institutions, Science-policy studies, Marine strategy framework directive, Baltic Sea action plan, Common agricultural policy
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Environmental Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29776 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-27006-7_2 (DOI)1748/42/2008 (Local ID)978-3-319-27005-0 (ISBN)978-3-319-27006-7 (ISBN)1748/42/2008 (Archive number)1748/42/2008 (OAI)
Projects
Environmental Risk Governance of the Baltic Sea (RISKGOV)Cooperating for sustainable regional marine governance (COOP)
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, 08/371EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, BONUSThe Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A032-08
Available from: 2016-03-23 Created: 2016-03-23 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, M. & Gilek, M. (2016). Governance of Chemicals in the Baltic Sea Region: A Study of Three Generations of Hazardous Substances (1ed.). In: Michael Gilek, Mikael Karlsson, Sebastian Linke, Katarzyna Smolarz (Ed.), Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea: (pp. 97-123). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Governance of Chemicals in the Baltic Sea Region: A Study of Three Generations of Hazardous Substances
2016 (English)In: Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea / [ed] Michael Gilek, Mikael Karlsson, Sebastian Linke, Katarzyna Smolarz, Springer, 2016, 1, p. 97-123Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study zooms in on public governance in the Baltic Sea region of three generations of notorious hazardous substances, namely, PCBs, PBDEs and PFOS/PFOA. Following regulation, PCB concentrations in the Baltic Sea have decreased substantially although they are still above pre-industrial levels. PBDE levels have also decreased in some places, but they too are well above targeted levels, whereas the situation for PFOS and in particular for PFOA has hardly improved at all. In the case of PCBs, while comprehensive measures took long to implement, initial preventive measures were taken early based on the precautionary principle. This contrasts with the cases of PBDEs, PFOS and PFOA, where the burden of proof on policy-makers has been high and hence caused severe delays in policymaking. There has, however, generally been a positive interplay in all three cases between the EU, which has legislated, and HELCOM, which has taken the role of concept and agenda setting. While environment-oriented policies, such as the Ecosystem Approach to Management under MSFD and BSAP, have grown in importance over time, polluter-oriented chemical legislation has been more important when it comes to final decision-making. Nevertheless, the general response has been reactive rather than proactive, and there is no indication that society responds faster today than in the past, at least not given the fact that awareness, experience and knowledge are greater today than a few decades back. Based on that insight, the article discusses various options for improving governance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016 Edition: 1
Series
MARE Publication Series, ISSN 2212-6260 ; 10
Keywords
PCB, Brominated flame retardants, Fluorinated substances, Ecosystem approach to management, Precaution
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Environmental Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29779 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-27006-7_5 (DOI)1748/42/2008 (Local ID)978-3-319-27005-0 (ISBN)978-3-319-27006-7 (ISBN)1748/42/2008 (Archive number)1748/42/2008 (OAI)
Projects
Environmental Risk Governance of the Baltic Sea (RISKGOV)Cooperating for sustainable regional marine governance (COOP)
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, 08/371EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, BONUSThe Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A032/08
Available from: 2016-03-23 Created: 2016-03-23 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Linke, S., Gilek, M. & Karlsson, M. (2016). Science-Policy Interfaces in Baltic Sea Environmental Governance: Towards Regional Cooperation and Management of Uncertainty? (1ed.). In: Gilek et al. (Ed.), Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea: (pp. 173-203). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science-Policy Interfaces in Baltic Sea Environmental Governance: Towards Regional Cooperation and Management of Uncertainty?
2016 (English)In: Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea / [ed] Gilek et al., Springer, 2016, 1, p. 173-203Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter investigates and compares the interactions between science and policy (risk assessments and risk management) in five cases of environmental governance of the Baltic Sea: eutrophication, fisheries, invasive alien species, chemical pollution and oil discharges. An efficient interplay between science and policy is important for successful environmental governance, which applies particularly to the Baltic Sea where all five risks pose serious threats to environmental, social and economic aspects of sustainability. We use science-policy theory and an analytical framework based on a categorisation of relevant management responses linked to different states of incomplete knowledge (risk, uncertainty, ambiguity, ignorance) to investigate two main characteristics of science-policy interfaces: (1) organisational structures and (2) procedural aspects of managing scientific uncertainties and stakeholder disagreements. The analyses reveal differences and similarities in institutional and organisational designs of the respective assessment-management interactions, as well as in terms of how scientific uncertainties, stakeholder disagreements and socio-political ambiguities are addressed. All the five science-policy interfaces expose science-based management approaches that commonly are not able to cope sufficiently well with the complexities, uncertainties and ambiguities at hand. Based on our cross-case analyses, we conclude by recommending five key aspects that need to be addressed to improve science-policy interactions in Baltic Sea environmental governance: (1) more adaptive organisational structures in terms of time, context and place dependency, (2) increased knowledge integrations, (3) a more careful consideration of stakeholder participation and deliberation, (4) better management of uncertainty and disagreements and (5) increased transparency and reflection in the communication of science-policy processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016 Edition: 1
Series
MARE Publication Series, ISSN 2212-6260 ; 10
Keywords
Science-policy interactions, Marine policy, Post-normal science, Uncertainty management, Stakeholder participation
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29781 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-27006-7_8 (DOI)1748/42/2008 (Local ID)978-3-319-27005-0 (ISBN)978-3-319-27006-7 (ISBN)1748/42/2008 (Archive number)1748/42/2008 (OAI)
Projects
Environmental Risk Governance of the Baltic Sea (RISKGOV)Cooperating for sustainable regional marine governance (COOP)
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, 08/371EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, BONUSThe Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A032/08Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Available from: 2016-03-23 Created: 2016-03-23 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Gilek, M. & Karlsson, M. (2016). Seeking Pathways Towards Improved Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea (1ed.). In: Michael Gilek, Mikael Karlsson, Sebastian Linke, Katarzyna Smolarz (Ed.), Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea: (pp. 229-246). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Seeking Pathways Towards Improved Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea
2016 (English)In: Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea / [ed] Michael Gilek, Mikael Karlsson, Sebastian Linke, Katarzyna Smolarz, Springer, 2016, 1, p. 229-246Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Governing marine environments is a highly complex and challenging enterprise. This applies particularly to the heavily exploited Baltic Sea for which despite extensive governance arrangements and a substantial scientific knowledge base, it is unlikely that the policy objective of ‘good environmental status’ is reached. Based on a review of governance arrangements linked to five large-scale environmental issues (eutrophication, overfishing, invasive alien species, chemical pollution and oil spills from shipping), this chapter aims to identify pathways and concrete ideas for institutional reform that may improve goal fulfilment. The results show that governance challenges differ substantially between environmental issues, implying a need for case-specific management reforms. For example, coping with extreme uncertainty is a key challenge in the chemical pollution case, whereas it seems more pertinent in the eutrophication case to address the complexity of nutrient pollution sources by adapting objectives and measures amongst sectoral policies to be in line with environmental ones. Furthermore, cross-case comparisons reveal a set of common vital functions (i.e. coordination, integration, interdisciplinarity, precaution, deliberation, communication and adaptability) that are needed in order to facilitate effective and efficient environmental governance in the long term. To promote these functions in Baltic Sea environmental governance, the chapter suggests pathways and institutional reforms aimed at improving multilevel and multisectoral integration, science-policy interactions and stakeholder participation. To further develop these ideas, it is proposed amongst other things that priority is given to setting up an international ‘Baltic Sea Policy Review Mechanism’, formed by cross-body and cross-stakeholder participation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016 Edition: 1
Series
MARE Publication Series, ISSN 2212-6260 ; 10
Keywords
Ecosystem approach to management, Marine policy, Environmental policy integration, Science-policy interactions, Stakeholder participation
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Environmental Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29782 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-27006-7_10 (DOI)1748/42/2008 (Local ID)978-3-319-27005-0 (ISBN)978-3-319-27006-7 (ISBN)1748/42/2008 (Archive number)1748/42/2008 (OAI)
Projects
Environmental Risk Governance of the Baltic Sea (RISKGOV)Cooperating for sustainable regional marine governance (COOP)
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, 08/371EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, BONUSThe Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A032/08
Available from: 2016-03-23 Created: 2016-03-23 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Börjeson, N., Gilek, M. & Karlsson, M. (2015). Knowledge challenges for responsible supply chain management of chemicals in textiles - as experienced by procuring organisations. Journal of Cleaner Production, 107, 130-136
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowledge challenges for responsible supply chain management of chemicals in textiles - as experienced by procuring organisations
2015 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 107, p. 130-136Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A great number of chemicals - many of which are hazardous to human health and the environment - are used along the complex supply chains of textiles. These complexities and hazards make knowledge for understanding chemical properties and management practices at multiple nodes central to the responsible management of textile supply chains. This study investigates the knowledge requirements of, and the knowledge strategies used by, textile procuring organisations in response to both external stakeholders and internal pressure. Based on a qualitative study of small and medium-sized Swedish textile procuring organisations, the paper describes these knowledge challenges and analyses how efforts to meet them relate to expressed commitments and capabilities for responsible supply chain management (RSCM), as well as to organisational characteristics (i.e. whether the organisation is private or public, small or large, and whether textiles is a core or peripheral activity). It was found that several textile procuring organisations expressed commitment towards achieving RSCM. However, most organisations felt that they lacked capacity to rise to the challenge. There was a poor state of knowledge regarding many chemical substances and inherent difficulties in gaining knowledge of chemical risks and how to manage these. Moreover, the input of knowledge was limited and based on only a few key sources. Such factors proved to be obstacles for procuring organisations when attempting to facilitate responsible management upstream in complex supply chains.

Keywords
Chemical risks, Corporate social responsibility, Knowledge, Responsible procurement
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-23357 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.03.012 (DOI)000363071000014 ()2-s2.0-84942986267 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-04-23 Created: 2014-04-23 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Gilek, M., Karlsson, M., Udovyk, O. & Linke, S. (2015). Science and Policy in the Governance of Europe’s Marine Environment: The Impact of Europeanization, Regionalization and the Ecosystem Approach to Management. In: Michael Gilek and Kristine Kern (Ed.), Governing Europe’s Marine Environment: Europeanization of Regional Seas or Regionalization of EU Policies? (pp. 141-160). Farnham: Ashgate
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science and Policy in the Governance of Europe’s Marine Environment: The Impact of Europeanization, Regionalization and the Ecosystem Approach to Management
2015 (English)In: Governing Europe’s Marine Environment: Europeanization of Regional Seas or Regionalization of EU Policies? / [ed] Michael Gilek and Kristine Kern, Farnham: Ashgate, 2015, p. 141-160Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Farnham: Ashgate, 2015
Series
Corbett Centre for Maritime Policy Studies Series
Keywords
marine environment, (European) marine policy, marine management, marine governance, marine conservation
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Environmental Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-26320 (URN)1748/42/2008 (Local ID)9781409447276 (ISBN)1748/42/2008 (Archive number)1748/42/2008 (OAI)
Projects
RISKGOV
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1748/42/2008Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2015-02-05 Created: 2015-02-05 Last updated: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, M. & Gilek, M. (2015). Vägar till en friskare Östersjö. HavsUtsikt (1), 8-9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vägar till en friskare Östersjö
2015 (Swedish)In: HavsUtsikt, ISSN 1104-0513, no 1, p. 8-9Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Gapet är stort mellan miljömål och miljötillstånd i Östersjön. De omfattande insatser som görs av offentliga institutioner, näringsliv och allmänhet räcker inte. Samtidigt finns ett stort och växande engagemang från många politiker, företagare och enskilda för att stärka havsmiljöarbetet. När vi nu summerar ett större treårigt forskningsprojekt finner vi viktiga ledtrådar till vägar som kan leda till en förbättrad situation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2015
Keywords
havsmiljö förvaltning
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Environmental Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29082 (URN)1748/42/2008 (Local ID)1748/42/2008 (Archive number)1748/42/2008 (OAI)
Projects
Environmental Risk Governance of the Baltic Sea (RISKGOV)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European StudiesSwedish Research Council FormasEU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme
Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved
Linke, S., Gilek, M., Karlsson, M. & Udovyk, O. (2014). Unravelling science-policy interactions in environmental risk governance of the Baltic Sea: Comparing fisheries and eutrophication. Journal of Risk Research, 17(4), 505-523
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unravelling science-policy interactions in environmental risk governance of the Baltic Sea: Comparing fisheries and eutrophication
2014 (English)In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 505-523Article in journal (Other academic) Published
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-21677 (URN)10.1080/13669877.2013.794154 (DOI)000333871900006 ()2-s2.0-84897914415 (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 217246FormasThe Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Available from: 2014-02-10 Created: 2014-01-29 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
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