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Kõll, Anu Mai
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 29) Show all publications
Kõll, A. M. (2019). Andra världskriget – ett fullständigare perspektiv. Historisk Tidskrift (S), 139(1), 171-174
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Andra världskriget – ett fullständigare perspektiv
2019 (English)In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 139, no 1, p. 171-174Article in journal (Other academic) Published
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38049 (URN)000462100100029 ()
Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved
Kõll, A. M. (2016). The One Who Has Arrived Has A Long Way To Go Estonian Refugees In Sweden In 1944-53. In: Joesalu, K Kannike, A (Ed.), Cultural Patterns And Life Stories: . Paper presented at Conference Cultural Patterns and Life Stories in Memory of Aili Aarelaid-Tart, Talinn, ESTONIA, August 27, 2014. (pp. 161-182). Tallin: Tallinn University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The One Who Has Arrived Has A Long Way To Go Estonian Refugees In Sweden In 1944-53
2016 (English)In: Cultural Patterns And Life Stories / [ed] Joesalu, K Kannike, A, Tallin: Tallinn University Press, 2016, p. 161-182Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

What happened to Estonian refugees in Sweden aft er the Second World War, how did their lives continue? Professional identities have been documented in a random sample of 2000 refugees nine years aft er arrival. From this sample, refugees aged 30-40 at arrival have been selected, to investigate the consequences of rupture. Trajectories differed widely. Educated men, i.e. high school (gumnaasium) or university graduates with culturally specific skills seldom reached high positions in Sweden, whereas refugees with medical and technical skills oft en continued good careers. Other "winners" were educated women who found skilled work in a rapidly growing public sector in Sweden. Less educated men and women could find opportunities to top up their education, but the majority ended up as factory workers. Socially, a close and organised exile community developed, oft en led by men with political and cultural skills but thwarted careers. It was dedicated to the task of informing the world about injustices suffered by the Estonian people, and to the fight against communism. Matters such as the social problems of refugee life were not a high priority. The children brought to or born in Sweden were to be raised as true Estonians, to avoid adaptation to Swedish norms. Despite an initially warm welcome, the exile community remained at the margins of Swedish society due to mutual political distrust. As their influence on social majority continued to be weak, the community opted to strengthen minority rights. In this way they contributed to the emergence of a multicultural society in Sweden. However, the struggle to raise children as 'pure' Estonians seems unsuccessful.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tallin: Tallinn University Press, 2016
Series
Acta Universitatis Tallinnensis-Socialia, ISSN 1736-941X
Keywords
refugees, professional identities, gender, exile community, Swedish society
National Category
Cultural Studies
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39905 (URN)000471165400007 ()978-9985-58-819-2 (ISBN)
Conference
Conference Cultural Patterns and Life Stories in Memory of Aili Aarelaid-Tart, Talinn, ESTONIA, August 27, 2014.
Available from: 2020-01-15 Created: 2020-01-15 Last updated: 2020-01-15Bibliographically approved
Köll, A. M. (2015). Baltic Refugees and Policy Formation in Sweden 1940-1950. Journal of Baltic Studies, 46(4), 427-434
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Baltic Refugees and Policy Formation in Sweden 1940-1950
2015 (English)In: Journal of Baltic Studies, ISSN 0162-9778, E-ISSN 1751-7877, Vol. 46, no 4, p. 427-434Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Baltic refugees of the Second World War, in Sweden, were part of the opening up of Sweden to immigration. New research, after the turn of the century, has shown how this change of policy was part of the emerging welfare state, embracing a wider geographical area. Still, the opening was conditioned by degrees of Nordicness and the conditions of neutrality toward Germany and not least the Soviet Union. This review article highlights some of the new insights of Swedish historiography.

Keywords
refugees, Second World War, welfare state, neutrality, war criminals, labor unions, Nazism, gender
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28989 (URN)000365896000001 ()2-s2.0-84949092476 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-01-07 Created: 2016-01-07 Last updated: 2018-04-05Bibliographically approved
Kõll, A.-M. (2010). [Review of] Svanberg, Johan: Arbetets relationer och etniska dimensioner : Verkstadsföreningen, Metall och esterna vid Svenska stålpressnings AB i Olofström 1945-1952, Växjö : Linnaeus University Press, 2010, ISBN 978-91-86491-11-6 [Review]. Baltic Worlds, 3(4), 45-46
Open this publication in new window or tab >>[Review of] Svanberg, Johan: Arbetets relationer och etniska dimensioner : Verkstadsföreningen, Metall och esterna vid Svenska stålpressnings AB i Olofström 1945-1952, Växjö : Linnaeus University Press, 2010, ISBN 978-91-86491-11-6
2010 (Swedish)In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 45-46Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-13020 (URN)
Available from: 2011-11-08 Created: 2011-11-08 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved
Köll, A.-M. (2009). Eesti põgenike toimetulekust Rootsis naiste perspektiivist. In: Terje Hallik, Kristi Kukk, Janet Laidla (Ed.), Eestlaste põgenemine läände Teise maailmasõja ajal: artiklid ja elulood. Tartu: Filiae Patriae
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Eesti põgenike toimetulekust Rootsis naiste perspektiivist
2009 (Estonian)In: Eestlaste põgenemine läände Teise maailmasõja ajal: artiklid ja elulood / [ed] Terje Hallik, Kristi Kukk, Janet Laidla, Tartu: Filiae Patriae , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tartu: Filiae Patriae, 2009
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-4642 (URN)9789949182596 (ISBN)994918259X (ISBN)
Available from: 2010-11-12 Created: 2010-11-12Bibliographically approved
Köll, A.-M. (2009). The Heavy Impact of the Past: Estonian post-Soviet agriculture in the nationalist discourse. In: Priit Raudkivi, Marten Seppel (Ed.), Sõnasse püütud minevik: in honorem Enn Tarvel. Tallinn: Argo
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Heavy Impact of the Past: Estonian post-Soviet agriculture in the nationalist discourse
2009 (English)In: Sõnasse püütud minevik: in honorem Enn Tarvel / [ed] Priit Raudkivi, Marten Seppel, Tallinn: Argo , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tallinn: Argo, 2009
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-4640 (URN)9789949438600 (ISBN)9949438608 (ISBN)
Available from: 2010-11-12 Created: 2010-11-12Bibliographically approved
Köll, A.-M. (2009). The history of the Baltic States: a minefield. Baltic Rim Economies (3), 34
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The history of the Baltic States: a minefield
2009 (English)In: Baltic Rim Economies, ISSN 1459-9759, no 3, p. 34-Article in journal (Other academic) Published
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-4643 (URN)
Available from: 2010-11-12 Created: 2010-11-12 Last updated: 2014-01-30Bibliographically approved
Köll, A.-M. (2008). Recension av: David feest, Zwangskollektivierung im Baltikum. Die Sowjetisierung des estnischen Dorfes 1944–1953 [Review]. Ajalooline Ajakiri (1/2), 165-168
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Recension av: David feest, Zwangskollektivierung im Baltikum. Die Sowjetisierung des estnischen Dorfes 1944–1953
2008 (Swedish)In: Ajalooline Ajakiri, ISSN 1406-3859, no 1/2, p. 165-168Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-4638 (URN)
Available from: 2010-11-12 Created: 2010-11-12 Last updated: 2010-11-12Bibliographically approved
Kõll, A. M. (2008). The East-West Dimension of Citizenship in the Baltic Sea Area. In: Piotr Wawrzeniuk (Ed.), Societal change and ideological formation among the rural population of the Baltic area 1880-1939: (pp. 13-34). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The East-West Dimension of Citizenship in the Baltic Sea Area
2008 (English)In: Societal change and ideological formation among the rural population of the Baltic area 1880-1939 / [ed] Piotr Wawrzeniuk, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2008, p. 13-34Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2008
Series
Research Reports, ISSN 1403-5111 ; 2008:4Studia Baltica. Serie II, ISSN 1654-5400 ; 2
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-2344 (URN)978-91-85139-11-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2009-05-07 Created: 2009-05-06 Last updated: 2014-03-18Bibliographically approved
Kõll, A.-M. (2007). Ethnic Traditions and Gender Relations: Estonian Refugees in Post-war Sweden. In: Marko Lamberg (Ed.), Shaping ethnic identities: ethnic minorities in Northern and East Central European states and communities, c. 1450-2000 (pp. 241-268). Helsinki: East-West Books Helsinki
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethnic Traditions and Gender Relations: Estonian Refugees in Post-war Sweden
2007 (English)In: Shaping ethnic identities: ethnic minorities in Northern and East Central European states and communities, c. 1450-2000 / [ed] Marko Lamberg, Helsinki: East-West Books Helsinki, 2007, p. 241-268Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsinki: East-West Books Helsinki, 2007
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-4637 (URN)978-952-99592-3-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2010-11-12 Created: 2010-11-12 Last updated: 2012-06-27Bibliographically approved
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