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Björklund, FredrikaORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9081-7302
Publications (10 of 23) Show all publications
Svenonius, O. & Björklund, F. (2018). Explaining attitudes to secret surveillance in post-communist societies. East European Politics, 34(2), 123-151
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Explaining attitudes to secret surveillance in post-communist societies
2018 (English)In: East European Politics, ISSN 2159-9165, E-ISSN 2159-9173, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 123-151Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article seeks to explain public attitudes to secret surveillance. Secret surveillance, for example wiretapping by intelligence agencies, is a controversial activity that affects fundamental civil liberties in any democratic system. Several large research projects have recently attempted to explain how people form opinions about surveillance in general. Thereby privacy concerns and institutional trust are often highlighted. In this article, we argue that earlier research uses a too narrow definition of attitudes to surveillance and that secret surveillance is particularly sensitive due to its opaque character. We introduce a two-dimensional concept that focuses on rationalistic and emotional responses to surveillance. Drawing on new data from three post-communist societies – Estonia, Poland, and Serbia – we show how institutional trust is mainly responsible for explaining acceptance of secret surveillance, but not how one feels about it. Instead, it is the level of ontological insecurity and privacy concerns that explains this second dimension. The results are theorised and implications for future research are discussed. © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

Keywords
Central and Eastern Europe, post-communism, privacy, security, Surveillance, trust
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34837 (URN)10.1080/21599165.2018.1454314 (DOI)000433053300001 ()2-s2.0-85044391889 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A051-12
Available from: 2018-04-12 Created: 2018-04-12 Last updated: 2018-10-01Bibliographically approved
Svenonius, O. & Björklund, F. (2018). Surveillance from a Post-Communist Perspective. Surveillance & Society, 16(3), 269-276
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Surveillance from a Post-Communist Perspective
2018 (English)In: Surveillance & Society, ISSN 1477-7487, E-ISSN 1477-7487, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 269-276Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

This special issue is the result of a research initiative that began in 2013, just before the annexation of Crimea by Russia. We, the guest editors, together with Pawel Waszkiewicz at the University in Warsaw, wanted to fill a gap in research on surveillance, which had at that time not yet addressed post-communist societies to any great extent. Today the situation is slightly different, but the need for further research is still pressing. It is therefore with great pleasure that we present a collection of five research articles by both senior and early-stage researchers, as well as a postscript by Professor Emeritus Maria Los, who is one of the few researchers who has written extensively on surveillance-related issues from a post-communist perspective. Below we introduce the special issue with a conceptual overview of post-communist research and its connections to surveillance studies.

National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36750 (URN)10.24908/ss.v16i3.12684 (DOI)000447196700001 ()2-s2.0-85057152491 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Available from: 2018-11-19 Created: 2018-11-19 Last updated: 2018-12-06Bibliographically approved
Björklund, F. (2016). E-government and moral citizenship: the case of Estonia. Citizenship Studies, 20(6-7), 914-931
Open this publication in new window or tab >>E-government and moral citizenship: the case of Estonia
2016 (English)In: Citizenship Studies, ISSN 1362-1025, E-ISSN 1469-3593, Vol. 20, no 6-7, p. 914-931Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present article concerns Estonian e-government, that is, the digitalization of government and public administration, and the way e-government produces a moral citizen. Although several case studies on e-government exist, they have seldom been sensitive to the local conditions shaping the functions and social meaning of digitalization. E-government involves producing knowledge, and the present article draws on a theoretical perspective that stresses the tight relationship between knowledge and power. In Estonia, the power–knowledge regime is characterized by centralization. Centralization is the condition for a firm national e-government policy, and within this policy, an image of the unique Estonian citizenry is produced. The Estonian moral citizen who emerges out of e-government is de-politicized and detached from a social context, on the one hand, and strongly politicized and attached to a specific ethno-national community, on the other.

Keywords
e-government, Estonia, Moral citizenship, post-communist conditions, power–knowledge regime
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-30811 (URN)10.1080/13621025.2016.1213222 (DOI)000381500300015 ()2-s2.0-84980350907 (Scopus ID)584/42/2012 (Local ID)584/42/2012 (Archive number)584/42/2012 (OAI)
Projects
Like Fish in Water? Surveillance in Post-Communist Societies
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 584/42/2012
Available from: 2016-09-01 Created: 2016-09-01 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved
Svenonius, O., Björklund, F. & Waszkiewicz, P. (2014). Surveillance, lustration and the open society: Poland and Eastern Europe. In: Kees Boersma, Rosamunde van Brakel, Chiara Fonio, Pieter Wagenaar (Ed.), Histories of State Surveillance in Europe and Beyond: (pp. 95-117). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Surveillance, lustration and the open society: Poland and Eastern Europe
2014 (English)In: Histories of State Surveillance in Europe and Beyond / [ed] Kees Boersma, Rosamunde van Brakel, Chiara Fonio, Pieter Wagenaar, London: Routledge, 2014, p. 95-117Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2014
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-35897 (URN)2-s2.0-84956565233 (Scopus ID)9780203366134 (ISBN)9780415829465 (ISBN)9781134104864 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-07-10 Created: 2018-07-10 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Björklund, F. (2013). Art of Balancing Utilities: Privacy and Video Surveillance in Sweden. In: Flammini, Francesco; Setola, Robert; Franceschetti, Giorgio (Ed.), Effective Surveillance for Homeland Security: Balancing Technology for Social Issues (pp. 51-70). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Art of Balancing Utilities: Privacy and Video Surveillance in Sweden
2013 (English)In: Effective Surveillance for Homeland Security: Balancing Technology for Social Issues / [ed] Flammini, Francesco; Setola, Robert; Franceschetti, Giorgio, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2013, p. 51-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2013
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-21358 (URN)978-1-4398-8324-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-01-15 Created: 2014-01-15 Last updated: 2017-06-21Bibliographically approved
Björklund, F. (2013). Hur kan kameraövervakning på allmän plats vara ett hot mot den personliga integriteten?. Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 115(2), 113-130
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hur kan kameraövervakning på allmän plats vara ett hot mot den personliga integriteten?
2013 (Swedish)In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 115, no 2, p. 113-130Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-21354 (URN)
Available from: 2014-01-15 Created: 2014-01-15 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Björklund, F. (2013). Modernisation, Balancing Interests, and Citizens' Rights: Public Video Surveillance in Poland, Germany and Sweden. In: Björklund, Fredrika; Svenonius, Ola (Ed.), Video Surveillance and Social Control in a Comparative Perspective: (pp. 19-68). New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modernisation, Balancing Interests, and Citizens' Rights: Public Video Surveillance in Poland, Germany and Sweden
2013 (English)In: Video Surveillance and Social Control in a Comparative Perspective / [ed] Björklund, Fredrika; Svenonius, Ola, New York: Routledge, 2013, p. 19-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2013
Series
Routledge studies in science, technology and society ; 19
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-21356 (URN)2-s2.0-84917063131 (Scopus ID)978-0-415-62860-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-01-15 Created: 2014-01-15 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Björklund, F. & Svenonius, O. (Eds.). (2013). Video Surveillance and Social Control in a Comparative Perspective. New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Video Surveillance and Social Control in a Comparative Perspective
2013 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This edited collection reports the results of a comparative study of video surveillance/CCTV in Germany, Poland, and Sweden. It investigates how video surveillance as technologically mediated social control is affected by national characteristics, with a specific concern for recent political history. The book is motivated by asking what makes video surveillance "tick" in three very different cultural settings, two of which (Poland and Sweden) are virtually unexplored in the literature on surveillance. The selection of countries is motivated by an interest in societies with recent experiences of authoritarianism, and how they respond to the global trend towards intensified technical means of control. With thorough empirical studies, the book constitutes an important contribution to security studies, surveillance studies, and post-communist area studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2013. p. 218
Series
Routledge studies in science, technology and society ; 19
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-17198 (URN)10.4324/9780203082904 (DOI)2-s2.0-84916973092 (Scopus ID)978-0-415-62860-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-10-15 Created: 2012-10-15 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Björklund, F. & Svenonius, O. (2013). Video Surveillance in Theory and as Institutional Practice: Introduction. In: Björklund, Fredrika & Svenonius, Ola (Ed.), Video Surveillance and Social Control in a Comparative Perspective: (pp. 1-18). New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Video Surveillance in Theory and as Institutional Practice: Introduction
2013 (English)In: Video Surveillance and Social Control in a Comparative Perspective / [ed] Björklund, Fredrika & Svenonius, Ola, New York: Routledge, 2013, p. 1-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2013
Series
Routledge studies in science, technology and society ; 19
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-17199 (URN)2-s2.0-84916982456 (Scopus ID)978-0-415-62860-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-10-15 Created: 2012-10-15 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Björklund, F. (2012). Pure flour in your bag: Governmental rationalities of camera surveillance in Sweden. In: C. William R. Webster, Eric Töpfer, Francisco R. Klauser, and Charles D. Raab. (Ed.), Video surveillance: practices and policies in Europe (pp. 52-65). Amsterdam: IOS Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pure flour in your bag: Governmental rationalities of camera surveillance in Sweden
2012 (English)In: Video surveillance: practices and policies in Europe / [ed] C. William R. Webster, Eric Töpfer, Francisco R. Klauser, and Charles D. Raab., Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2012, p. 52-65Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Surveillance is an important governance technique of modern societies and is linked to particular governmental rationalities. This article examines the Swedish policy on camera surveillance, using the analytical framework of governmentality, the art of government, in advanced liberal societies as its theoretical framework. The focus is on three features that characterise current developments in the Swedish policy. These are labelled situational prevention, generalisation of distrust and the significance of the informed citizen. The study shows how prevention, i.e. situational prevention, was successfully introduced as a main rationale for monitoring only after the technology had been in place for some years. Monitoring as a form of general situational prevention, the congruent generalised distrust that affects the public and the Swedish requirement to inform citizens about cameras are viewed as elements of a governmental rationality based on the notion of the autonomous, free and self-responsible subject. Accordingly, the popular idea that camera surveillance is an indicator of an expanding security state must be modified.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2012
Series
Innovation and the Public Sector, ISSN 1871-1073 ; 18
Keywords
Advanced liberalism, Camera surveillance, Situational crime prevention, Sweden
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-20622 (URN)10.3233/978-1-61499-113-7-52 (DOI)2-s2.0-84888100856 (Scopus ID)9781614991120 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-01-13 Created: 2013-12-17 Last updated: 2017-06-21Bibliographically approved
Projects
Balancing Integrity and Legal Security: A Comparison of Popular Surveillance in Germany, Sweden and Poland [A076-2007_OSS]; Södertörn UniversityLike Fish in Water? Surveillance in Post-Communist Sociteies [A051-2012_OSS]; Södertörn University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9081-7302

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