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Abbasian, Saeid
Publications (10 of 41) Show all publications
Abbasian, S. & Müller, D. K. (2019). Displaced diaspora second-home tourism: an explorative study of Swedish-Iranians and their second-home purchases in Turkey. Tourism, 67(3), 239-252, Article ID 225739.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Displaced diaspora second-home tourism: an explorative study of Swedish-Iranians and their second-home purchases in Turkey
2019 (English)In: Tourism, ISSN 1332-7461, Vol. 67, no 3, p. 239-252, article id 225739Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This explorative study aims to gain more insight into Swedish-Iranians' purchase of second homes in Turkey. The study is based on 22 questionnaires (19 of them from owners and buyers), field observation, and participant observation. Motives behind owners' and buyers' purchases are: other Swedish-Iranian friends/relatives bought there; cultural proximity; absence of visa restriction for Iranian citizens; geographical proximity to Iran and relatives living in Iran; economic factors, including the low prices and costs and investment for retirement; and the climate. The respondents are well-integrated into Swedish society and have access to different types of resources which facilitate the purchase, but they also show the potential to partially become integrated socioculturally into their Turkish communities. A meaningful proportion of them are seriously planning to live permanently in Turkey after retirement, but the majority stay there for longer periods or semi-permanently. Despite some limitations, this study makes an important contribution to the area of diaspora second-home tourism and to the field of diaspora studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Zagreb: Croatian National Tourist Board, 2019
Keywords
second-home tourism; diaspora tourism; migration; Turkey; Swedish-Iranian
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39129 (URN)
Available from: 2019-10-08 Created: 2019-10-08 Last updated: 2019-10-10
Abbasian, S. (2019). Solo travellers to city destinations: an exploratory study in Sweden. International Journal of Tourism Cities, 5(1), 35-50
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Solo travellers to city destinations: an exploratory study in Sweden
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Tourism Cities, ISSN 2056-5607, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 35-50Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to gain more insight into the phenomenon of solo travel to city destinations and attain more knowledge on the topic.

Design/methodology/approach

The study employed a questionnaire consisting of qualitative and quantitative items. In all, 21 individuals (12 women, 9 men) responded.

Findings

The most important reason for solo travel was their own free choice and in some cases, difficulty finding companions. Their activities at the destinations were mostly visiting attractions followed by visiting friends, shopping, walking, eating at restaurants, learning the language, working, etc. They mostly mentioned advantages but also some disadvantages with solo travelling. Their experiences, especially with the people in the host destinations, have been positive and they show overall satisfaction with their visit. A predominant share of the interviewees showed a kind of loyalty to one or more specific city destinations and wished to revisit them again and again.

Practical implications

The current study might have some implications for city tourism developers/destination developers, travel agencies, national or regional tourism boards and tour operators in major urban areas and cities. Especially, this study has a practical contribution to the city tourism practitioners and gives them more insight in what values, attitudes, perceptions, expectations and motivations the solo travellers might have before or while they visit their cities. The study also has implications for potential solo travellers seeking more knowledge and information on the issue.

Originality/value

The phenomenon of solo travel to city destinations is an unresearched topic in Sweden. This exploratory study is the first in Sweden to focus on solo travellers visiting city destinations.

Keywords
Motivation, Sweden, Experiences, City destinations, Destination loyalty, Solo travellers
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Other research area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36722 (URN)10.1108/IJTC-01-2018-0001 (DOI)2-s2.0-85055960366 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-11-08 Created: 2018-11-08 Last updated: 2019-04-23Bibliographically approved
Andersson, G. & Abbasian, S. (2018). Analysis Dimensions of City Destination Character and Image Positioning. Almatourism, 9(17), 33-54
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analysis Dimensions of City Destination Character and Image Positioning
2018 (English)In: Almatourism, ISSN 2036-5195, Vol. 9, no 17, p. 33-54Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

City tourism, with its unique character and image, has increased considerably over the last decades. At the same time, the complexity of destination development and image marketing has increased, and there is a lack of analysis tools for image positioning. The purpose is to investigate city destination image and character as prerequisites for destination mar­keting and development and how the image and character position can be analysed. City destination character, visitor destination image and visitor segments are used as the main theoretical framework.  An exploratory qualitative study approach has been chosen with an image case study of destination Stockholm. Qualitative interviews were conducted with the visitor segment international students and destination specialists. The study shows that desti­nation specialists have assessed a combination of city destination characteristic areas, which can be developed. Furthermore, visitors have a mind­set of several image aspects and holistic expressions for city destinations that can be used in destination marketing to change the current image position into the desired one. In order to determine a desired position, six analysis dimensions have been found useful: Desired positioning, Demand and supply, Visitor segmentation, Destination generalisation, Visit process and Expression type. The analysis dimensions are based on relevant dichotomous aspects. The effects of the used dimensions are called “positioning leverage effects”, and their main aim is to obtain a competitive advantage and to differentiate to other destinations.

 

Keywords
Destination Image; Destination Characteristics; Visitor Segments; Image Position; City Destination
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Other research area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36047 (URN)10.6092/issn.2036-5195/8134 (DOI)000439489600004 ()
Available from: 2018-08-14 Created: 2018-08-14 Last updated: 2018-08-20Bibliographically approved
Abbasian, S. (2018). City, Ethnicity, Diversity and the origin of Fire Festival in Swedish major cities: A research idea. In: Tourism Implications and Dilemmas: Book of Abstract. Paper presented at 27th Nordic Symposium in Tourism and Hospitality Research, 24-26 September 2018, UIT The Arctic University of Norway, Alta: Norway.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>City, Ethnicity, Diversity and the origin of Fire Festival in Swedish major cities: A research idea
2018 (English)In: Tourism Implications and Dilemmas: Book of Abstract, 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Urban Ethnic festivals have positive impacts on the image of cities and countries (McClinchey, 2008) and create a sense of belonging among immigrant groups (Chacko, 2013). Every year, a Tuesday in the middle of March and after 17:00, Iranian Fire Festival is held outdoors in the center of Stockholm and Göteborg. It is financed and organized by Riksteatern (The Swedish National Theatre). In Stockholm it is held in the King’s Garden park, 500 meters from the parliament, and it is used to be opened either by some Swedish ministers or by the Prime minister. This is not a big event in international comparison; it can be classified as local event and it is held when it is still very cold in Sweden. The event lasts in 4-5 hours but draws thousands of audiences (mostly from the same city region) to these two simultaneous arrangements. The audiences as well as the artists are mostly of Middle Eastern background (mostly Iranians, Kurds, Afghans) and there has been no report on ethnic Swedes among them over the years. This event, however, gets a huge attention from the Swedish media but also from some international media (Like Voice of America, Persian section) and Iranian diaspora media worldwide. In accordance with Getz et al (2007), many stakeholders are involved in this event; the Swedish governments, the event organization, municipality offices, many ethnic associations in Sweden, media, invited artists from Sweden and other countries, participants, sellers and volunteers.

The aim of this research is to get insight into this event, incentives behind it and the expected outcome of it from different stakeholders. Especially it is important to find out what interest different Swedish governments have since they support the event financially regardless of ideological belonging while the event’s own preconditions are not the best one.

Keywords
Ethnic festivals, Fire Festival, Stockholm City, Sweden, Diversity
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36512 (URN)
Conference
27th Nordic Symposium in Tourism and Hospitality Research, 24-26 September 2018, UIT The Arctic University of Norway, Alta: Norway
Note

Session 3: City tourism: Dilemmas and implications in destination development

Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2018-10-11Bibliographically approved
Abbasian, S. (2018). Participants’ perception of training programmes in the tourism industry: A Swedish pilot study. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights, 1(4), 309-324
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Participants’ perception of training programmes in the tourism industry: A Swedish pilot study
2018 (English)In: Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights, ISSN 2514-9792, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 309-324Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to deal mainly with the participants’ perception of their attendance in publicly funded training programmes in the tourism industry.

Design/methodology/approach

The investigation is based on e-mail interviews with 12 employees in the Swedish tourism industry who have actively participated in such courses as well as some courses offered by private organisations.

Findings

The results show that the interviewees have a positive perception of their participation and they believe that their attendance has had an overall positive impact on them or on their businesses. Nevertheless, it is unclear whether their participation has had an extraordinarily positive impact on business outcomes in terms of subsequent increased turnover, greater productivity or sales, or an expanded customer base. Lack of time and money and the prevalence of unsuitable courses prevent business owners and their employees from attending such courses.

Originality/value

This research is the first Swedish qualitative investigation on the issue.

Keywords
Training, Tourism, Human resource management, Sweden, Skills, Effectiveness, Perceptions, Competence development
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36539 (URN)10.1108/JHTI-04-2018-0024 (DOI)000446849300002 ()
Available from: 2018-10-10 Created: 2018-10-10 Last updated: 2018-11-13Bibliographically approved
Abbasian, S. (2018). Political crises and destination choice: An exploratory study of Swedish-Iranian second-home buyers. Tourism, Culture & Communication, 18(3), 205-218
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Political crises and destination choice: An exploratory study of Swedish-Iranian second-home buyers
2018 (English)In: Tourism, Culture & Communication, ISSN 1098-304X, E-ISSN 1943-4146, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 205-218Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Political crises, which have a known impact on the choice of tourism destination, can also negatively affect the choice of second-home destination and purchase. The purpose of this study is to investigate why some Swedish-Iranian second-home buyers prefer Spain to Turkey for political reasons. More than 30 short dialogues were conducted with Swedish-Iranian buyers at the exhibition "Buying Properties Abroad" in Kista, September 2015, following the start of a series of political crises in Turkey. A simple question was asked: Why are you choosing Spain rather than Turkey? The most important category of reasons were political factors, followed by cultural reasons. Political anxiety, instability, and insecurity in Turkey, the risk of civil war, a police society, lack of democratic order, the fact that Turkey is not a member of the European Union, the government's negative attitudes towards Kurds, and the emergence of Islamic State were the political reasons most mentioned. One conclusion that can be drawn is that political crises affect second-home tourism/tourists in the same way that they do ordinary tourism/tourists. The research has some important implications for Turkish policymakers, tourism stakeholders at a macrolevel, their competitors, especially in Spain, and potential buyers. Based on this research, some suggestions for future studies are also given. 

Keywords
Political crises, Second homes, Spain, Swedish-Iranians, Turkey
National Category
Human Geography Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36507 (URN)10.3727/109830418X15319363084481 (DOI)2-s2.0-85053250361 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2018-10-09Bibliographically approved
Abbasian, S. (2018). Swedish solo travellers to city destinations: an exploratory study. In: : . Paper presented at Advances in Destination Management, St.Gallen, Switzerland June 13-15.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish solo travellers to city destinations: an exploratory study
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

People travel solo to a destination due to different push–pull pre-travel motivators (Yoon and Uysal, 2005). Travel to a city destination brings a series of positive or negative experiences (Walls et al., 2011) and creates a sense of overall satisfaction or dissatisfaction with the destination and the travel itself. Also, several functional and psychosocial characteristics of a destination such as hosts, locals, services, prices (Echtner and Brent Ritchie, 1991; Philip, 2005), contribute to satisfaction with a trip, but also create destination loyalty among visitors (Chi and Qu, 2008; Zhang et al., 2014) and this loyalty in its turn leads to a return to the same destination. The phenomenon of solo travel to city destinations is an un-researched topic in Sweden. This exploratory study is the first in Sweden to focus on solo travellers visiting city destinations. The study aims to gain more insight into the phenomenon and attain more knowledge on the topic. The study employed a questionnaire consisting of qualitative and quantitative items. In all, 21 individuals (12 women, 9 men) responded. They were mostly well-educated, the majority were younger than 35, more than half were single and more than half reported travelling alone once or twice a year. The majority had a travel budget of SEK 10–20,000 per trip and the rest had a budget below SEK 10,000. They normally took flights and the majority went away for more than one week up to several weeks. The most important reason for solo travel was own free choice and in some cases difficulty finding companions. This result is coherent with earlier studies (e.g. Heimtun and Morgan, 2012; Mehmetoglu, 2004). Their loneliness gave rise to forced but positive socialization (e.g. Chiang and Jogaratnam, 2006; Laesser et al., 2009). Their activities at the destinations were mostly visiting attractions and they mostly mentioned advantages with solo travelling. They showed overall satisfaction with their travels, destination loyalty to one or several city destinations and wished to revisit them again and again. This finding is also partly or fully coherent with many earlier studies (e.g. Walls et al., 2011; Echtner and Brent Ritchie, 1991; Philip, 2005; Baloglu and McCleary, 1999; Beerli and Martin, 2004).

National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Other research area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36039 (URN)
Conference
Advances in Destination Management, St.Gallen, Switzerland June 13-15
Available from: 2018-08-13 Created: 2018-08-13 Last updated: 2018-08-17Bibliographically approved
Andersson, G. & Abbasian, S. (2017). City destination image- How destination characteristics can be interconnected with visitors' destination image. In: Ioanna Farsari, PhD (Ed.), 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden: BOOK OF ABSTRACTS. Paper presented at 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research 2017 (pp. 29-30). Dalarna, Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>City destination image- How destination characteristics can be interconnected with visitors' destination image
2017 (English)In: 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden: BOOK OF ABSTRACTS / [ed] Ioanna Farsari, PhD, Dalarna, Sweden, 2017, p. 29-30Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Abstract from the presentation of:

 

City destination image

- How destination characteristics can be interconnected with visitors' destination image

 

Göran Andersson & Saeid Abbasian

Tourism Studies, Södertörn University, Sweden

Email: goran.andersson@sh.se

 

Destination Management Organisations (DMO) package the city image into a clear brand in order to attract foreign visitors (Eringa & Zhou, 2015). Still it is a complex task to analyse visitor segments' image experiences (Stepchenkova & Mills, 2010). Unique characteristics of tourism destinations are exploited by DMO:s and tourism companies, such as their identity (Valls et al., 2012), in planning and marketing products for different visitor segments. Besides, big cities are typically more well-known and organised destinations which opens for new forms of image marketing (Lucarelli & Berg, 2011).

The purpose of the research project is to investigate the characteristics and interconnected images of a city destinations; and visitor segments' experiences of city images based on image attributes. A multidisciplinary approach with an explorative purpose is used. The theoretical framework consists of city destination characteristics and images, image experiences, and visit motivators.

Typical characteristics and visitor segments were identified in the case of destination Stockholm in our pilot study. The results have been used in a qualitative investigation about the city image and its attributes, and also visitor's image expectations and experiences. Furthermore, an overall case study of Stockholm city will be conducted.

The knowledge contribution relates to new city destination characteristics connectivity to images. Furthermore, the image impact on visitor travel motivators before and after visiting the destination. A model will be developed about “visitors' image positions”, based on the visitors' assessment of destination image attributes. This knowledge will support tourism companies and DMO:s to develop image marketing tools.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dalarna, Sweden: , 2017
Keywords
Destination image, Destination characteristics, Visit motivator, Image marketing and City destination
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33853 (URN)
Conference
26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research 2017
Available from: 2017-12-11 Created: 2017-12-11 Last updated: 2017-12-15Bibliographically approved
Abbasian, S. & Müller, D. K. (2017). Second Home purchase in Turkey by Swedish Iranians: An Explorative Study. In: 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden: BOOK OF ABSTRACTS. Paper presented at 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Second Home purchase in Turkey by Swedish Iranians: An Explorative Study
2017 (English)In: 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden: BOOK OF ABSTRACTS, 2017Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Second home tourism is often discussed in the context of the western world. Other groups and their motivations, in this case people of Iranian background who are a large ethnic group in Sweden, are often neglected, although the group has shown interest in purchase of second home in Turkey.The aim of this study is to get more insight on Swedish Iranians’ purchase of second home in Turkey. 19 e-mail interviews (with Broker companies, owners, and potentially buyers) have been conducted. Also participant observation in Antalya region in June 2015 and at the exhibition of “Buying Properties Abroad” in Kista in September 2015 has been done.The interview results reveal that the Swedish Iranian second home buyers collect information through friends and relatives, various web sites, exhibitions, brokers, and real estate companies before buying apartment. Their motives have been: following other friends/relatives who bought apartments there, cultural proximity including the Turkish language and food, geographic proximity to Iran, relatives living in Iran do not need Turkish visa, economic factors including prices, the climate, and investment for the retirement. They stay in their apartments at least once a year up to 4 times a year and the duration of their stay each time is at least one week. A part of them might choose to live partly or permanently in Turkey after the retirement. Their motives are similar to many other second home owners elsewhere but there are also aspects related to the political context of this mobility.

Keywords
Swedish-Iranians, Second-homes, Turkey, Antalya, Tourism
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33749 (URN)
Conference
26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden
Available from: 2017-11-27 Created: 2017-11-27 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Abbasian, S. (2017). The impact of political crises on the choice of second-home destination: A study of Swedish-Iranian second home buyers. In: 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden: BOOK OF ABSTRACTS. Paper presented at 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden (pp. 81-82).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of political crises on the choice of second-home destination: A study of Swedish-Iranian second home buyers
2017 (English)In: 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden: BOOK OF ABSTRACTS, 2017, p. 81-82Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Political crises which have negative impact on the choice of a tourism destination can also affect the choice of a second-home destination negatively. The purpose of this study is to investigate why a part of Swedish-Iranian second home buyers prefer Spain than Turkey due to the politics. The group has shown interest in second-home purchase in the two countries during recent decade. More than 30 short dialogues were made with Swedish-Iranian buyers at the exhibition of “Buying Properties Abroad” in Kista, September 2015, after the start of a series of political crises in Turkey. A simple question was asked: Why do you choose Spain before Turkey? Most of the respondents gave more than three reasons.82The most important category of reasons were political factors followed by cultural factors. Political anxiety, instability and insecurity in Turkey, risk for civil war, police society, lack of democratic order, the fact that Turkey is not EU member, the government’s negative attitude towards Kurds, and the origin of Islamic state were the most mentioned political reasons. Cheating among some shopkeepers, negative attitudes by authorities towards Iranians, general perception of foreign women/female tourists, lack of a modern culture in Turkey, and better mentality among Spanish people have been among the cultural reasons. Among the economic reasons they mentioned lack of good infrastructure in Turkey, insecurity for invested capital, lower living costs in Spain, it is safer to buy house in Spain as EU country. Other less mentioned reasons were natural preconditions and knowledge on Spanish language.

Keywords
Political crises, Second-homes, Turkey, Spain, Swedish-Iranians
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33753 (URN)
Conference
26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden
Available from: 2017-11-27 Created: 2017-11-27 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
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