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Abbasian, Saeid
Publications (10 of 45) Show all publications
Abbasian, S. & Müller, D. K. (2019). Displaced diaspora second-home tourism: an explorative study of Swedish-Iranians and their second-home purchases in Turkey. Tourism, 67(3), 239-252, Article ID 225739.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Displaced diaspora second-home tourism: an explorative study of Swedish-Iranians and their second-home purchases in Turkey
2019 (English)In: Tourism, ISSN 1332-7461, Vol. 67, no 3, p. 239-252, article id 225739Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This explorative study aims to gain more insight into Swedish-Iranians' purchase of second homes in Turkey. The study is based on 22 questionnaires (19 of them from owners and buyers), field observation, and participant observation. Motives behind owners' and buyers' purchases are: other Swedish-Iranian friends/relatives bought there; cultural proximity; absence of visa restriction for Iranian citizens; geographical proximity to Iran and relatives living in Iran; economic factors, including the low prices and costs and investment for retirement; and the climate. The respondents are well-integrated into Swedish society and have access to different types of resources which facilitate the purchase, but they also show the potential to partially become integrated socioculturally into their Turkish communities. A meaningful proportion of them are seriously planning to live permanently in Turkey after retirement, but the majority stay there for longer periods or semi-permanently. Despite some limitations, this study makes an important contribution to the area of diaspora second-home tourism and to the field of diaspora studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Zagreb: Croatian National Tourist Board, 2019
Keywords
second-home tourism; diaspora tourism; migration; Turkey; Swedish-Iranian
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39129 (URN)
Available from: 2019-10-08 Created: 2019-10-08 Last updated: 2019-11-06Bibliographically approved
Abbasian, S., Onn, G. & Arnautovic, D. (2019). Does Over-tourism really exist in Dubrovnik?: A perception study of local tourism employees. In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019: . Paper presented at 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, october 23-25, 2019. (pp. 48). Roskilde, Denmark
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does Over-tourism really exist in Dubrovnik?: A perception study of local tourism employees
2019 (English)In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019, Roskilde, Denmark, 2019, p. 48-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Over-tourism has become a frequently used term in Urban Tourism research, during last years. By it means over-saturation of tourists (e.g. Stanchev, 2017) i.e. when the number of tourists at a certain time and at a certain place exceeds powerfully the number of locals in the place (see e.g. Artal-Tur et al, 2018). Such situation creates a series of problems for the host destinations (Postma and Schmuecker, 2017) because of the limited service facilities available (Butler, 2018). The pressure on the host destination results in conflict and tension among hosts and tourists, and in long term antagonism, and tourism phobia among locals (Alexis, 2017). The overall aim of this research is to get a deeper understanding of Dubrovnik’s tourism employees’ perception of Over-tourism in their town. The chosen method has been field observation during peak season (July 2018) and 18 email- interviews with local tourism employees between 2018-2019.   Results  The employees who answered to 14 questions have positions such as manager, receptionist, owner, and represent different tourism and hospitality sectors like hotels and restaurants, tourist bureaus, etc. They have been working within tourism industry between 3 and 30 years. They show small difference in their views on low- respectively high season of tourism in the town. They define Over- tourism in general, believe it exists in Dubrovnik in some short periods, and describe in detail how and when it happens there. The reason behind Over-tourism in Dubrovnik is summarized by them in big demand that exceeds the supply side i.e. too many tourists by ships, aircrafts, cars and buses arriving at the same time in peak season. They claim that the Over-tourism creates a series of problems such as traffic, damage and pollution, and confirm that the local authorities are aware of the problems. A powerful reduction of number of cruisers, better management, organization and schedule of arrivals, better information to tourists, reduction of taxis from rest of the country, forbid foreigners come by car to the city, etc. are among their own suggestions to solutions for the problems. Some of them talk about attracting quality/luxury/elite tourists instead of mass tourists. Several of them also confirm that the local tourism industry firstly tries to reduce the number of cruisers and partly flights, and then find a better coordination of activities, and other regulations for people coming by cars. The interviewees prefer mostly tourists coming by charter flights, then cruise tourists specially luxury such, and they believe that Dubrovnik and its surrounding region is not at all suitable for car transport and cartourists.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Roskilde, Denmark: , 2019
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39227 (URN)
Conference
28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, october 23-25, 2019.
Available from: 2019-10-26 Created: 2019-10-26 Last updated: 2019-10-31Bibliographically approved
Abbasian, S. & Lundberg, A. (2019). How the Iranian Fire Festival in Stockholm is perceived by the visitors?. In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019: . Paper presented at 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, October 23-25, 2019. (pp. 45). Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How the Iranian Fire Festival in Stockholm is perceived by the visitors?
2019 (English)In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019, Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University , 2019, p. 45-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Every year, a Tuesday in the middle of March and after 5:00 pm the Iranian Fire Festival (Eldfesten in Swedish, Chaharshanbe Suri in Persian) is celebrated outdoors in the center of Stockholm and ends before 10:00 pm. This event has its roots in ancient Persia, but now it is celebrated by several nations in the Middle East, Caucasus, and Central Asia. The Stockholm festival is arranged and financed by The Swedish National Theatre and several times earlier it has been opened by Swedish ministers. The event visitors are mostly of Middle Eastern background coming from Stockholm area. Since 2016 it can also be watched live through Swedish and foreign TV stations and through Social media. During the earlier years the event was held in Kungsträdgården (The Royal Garden) but this year it was arranged in the amusement park of Skansen.  Ethnic cultural events in major urban areas create good images for cities and countries but also for immigrants and their neighborhoods in the city of issue (McClinchey, 2008; Loukaitou-Sideris and Soureli, 2012), and a sense of belonging among immigrants (Chacko, 2013). Many stakeholders are involved in such events (Getz et al 2007; Getz And Andersson, 2010) but perhaps the most important stakeholder is the visitors of the event. Therefore, it is of high relevance to study the visitors’ visit motivations, their perceived experience in terms of satisfaction level and their level of loyalty i.e. if they intend to visit the event next year (Savinovic et al, 2012). The aim of this research is to get insights on the visitors of the Fire Festival, their motives behind participation and how they perceive their participation afterwards. The main methods chosen in this research is participant observation and 257 completed surveys online until April 11th, 2019.  Preliminary results The respondents are 63% men and 37% women, and they are mostly older than 40 (44% are older than 50). More than half of them have been living in Sweden less than 21 years of which 17% less than 5 years. 83% of the respondents call themselves Swedish-Iranians. More than 80% of the respondents have academic education (of which 7% with PhD education) and most of them are employed either by public or private sector. A considerable number of them are also either self- employed, students or retirees. They have come from different districts of Greater Stockholm while a minor part has come from municipalities outside the county. A pre-dominant majority of them have come there with friends and family members, and most of them have been participating in the festival for third times or more. Also, more than half of them have visited the Skansen park three or more times earlier. The main reasons why they celebrate the festival is to keep the old tradition and culture alive. The celebration creates feelings like happiness, pride, community, belonging, nostalgia, childhood, the Spring. Concerning the question what the place or arena means to you they either like Skansen or prefer other places in Greater Stockholm or do not care about the place but the festival and other issues such as security and safety. To the question “what do you think about celebrating the festival at Skansen” they give positive answers and to the question “are your expectations on the festival fulfilled” the majority are totally or partly agreed. They also believe that this event must be celebrated every year and give many improvement suggestions and additional critical comments such as more food trucks, better and cheaper food, more professional artists and happy songs and music.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University, 2019
Keywords
ChaharShanbeh Souri; Eldfesten, Fire Festival
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39226 (URN)
Conference
28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, October 23-25, 2019.
Available from: 2019-10-26 Created: 2019-10-26 Last updated: 2019-10-31Bibliographically approved
Abbasian, S., Onn, G. & Strömberg, P. (2019). Perspectives of Over-tourism in four Pre-Industrial Historical City Centers: A research idea. In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019: . Paper presented at 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, October 23-25, 2019. (pp. 46). Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perspectives of Over-tourism in four Pre-Industrial Historical City Centers: A research idea
2019 (English)In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019, Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University , 2019, p. 46-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Over-tourism has become a new subject for research, particularly on urban sustainable tourism, during recent years (Novy, 2018). The term refers to when the number of tourists at a certain time in an extreme way exceeds the number of locals in the destination (Goodwin, 2017). This phenomenon creates a series of problems for the host destinations and puts pressure on them and their attractions, on the local service facilities and the genuine urban culture (Postma and Schmuecker, 2017; Trancoso Gonzalez, 2018; Weber et al, 2017; Montanari & Staniscias, 2010). Earlier research has shown how this phenomenon results in tension/conflict between locals and tourists and creates phobia among host people towards tourists(Postma and Schmuecker,2017; Martins, 2018; Milano et al, 2018). Recent research (Koens et al, 2018) shows that tourism stakeholders in many European cities show great awareness on the issue in their cities. Earlier research has mostly focused on locals while a focus on the visitors has beenlacking.  The purpose of the research is to get more empirical insights in over-tourism in four European city centers, Dubrovnik, Visby, Stockholm, and Riga, from both perspectives of locals and visitors/tourists, and thereby get knowledge through the challenges to, and opportunities for, both constituencies that are created in this learning process. This is in consistence with earlier research with same purpose (Costa et al, 2018). The research is justified by the fact that the topic is still new, and there are not too many studies published as of now. The first common characteristic between these four cities is that they all are cruising ports. The two first cities are rather towns than cities, almost of same size and natural preconditions, while the latters are much larger, capital cities in the Baltic Sea region with almost similar preconditions i.e. Over-tourism in the downtown area during peakseason.  The overall methodological approach in this project will be qualitative consisting of triangulation (mixed methods) based on comparative case studies. The data collection methods will consist of: field observations during the peak season in July-August in the four cities, face to face interviews and email interviews

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University, 2019
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39228 (URN)
Conference
28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, October 23-25, 2019.
Available from: 2019-10-26 Created: 2019-10-26 Last updated: 2019-10-31Bibliographically approved
Abbasian, S. (2019). Solo travellers to city destinations: an exploratory study in Sweden. International Journal of Tourism Cities, 5(1), 35-50
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Solo travellers to city destinations: an exploratory study in Sweden
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Tourism Cities, ISSN 2056-5607, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 35-50Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to gain more insight into the phenomenon of solo travel to city destinations and attain more knowledge on the topic.

Design/methodology/approach

The study employed a questionnaire consisting of qualitative and quantitative items. In all, 21 individuals (12 women, 9 men) responded.

Findings

The most important reason for solo travel was their own free choice and in some cases, difficulty finding companions. Their activities at the destinations were mostly visiting attractions followed by visiting friends, shopping, walking, eating at restaurants, learning the language, working, etc. They mostly mentioned advantages but also some disadvantages with solo travelling. Their experiences, especially with the people in the host destinations, have been positive and they show overall satisfaction with their visit. A predominant share of the interviewees showed a kind of loyalty to one or more specific city destinations and wished to revisit them again and again.

Practical implications

The current study might have some implications for city tourism developers/destination developers, travel agencies, national or regional tourism boards and tour operators in major urban areas and cities. Especially, this study has a practical contribution to the city tourism practitioners and gives them more insight in what values, attitudes, perceptions, expectations and motivations the solo travellers might have before or while they visit their cities. The study also has implications for potential solo travellers seeking more knowledge and information on the issue.

Originality/value

The phenomenon of solo travel to city destinations is an unresearched topic in Sweden. This exploratory study is the first in Sweden to focus on solo travellers visiting city destinations.

Keywords
Motivation, Sweden, Experiences, City destinations, Destination loyalty, Solo travellers
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Other research area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36722 (URN)10.1108/IJTC-01-2018-0001 (DOI)2-s2.0-85055960366 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-11-08 Created: 2018-11-08 Last updated: 2019-04-23Bibliographically approved
Onn, G. & Abbasian, S. (2019). Supply side perception of Halal tourism: A Swedish pilot study. In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019: . Paper presented at 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, October 23-25, 2019. (pp. 40). Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Supply side perception of Halal tourism: A Swedish pilot study
2019 (English)In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research 23rd to 25th October 2019, Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University , 2019, p. 40-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Halal tourism – where tourists with Muslim norms are considered in that there is no alcohol, no gambling, food adheres to Muslim religious requirements, and that there is a separation of men and women in public spaces – is considered a growing market, especially when considering the wealthier populations, e.g. in Saudi and United Arab Emirates. However, some of these requirements may seem at odds with some western norms, and may hence require both investments, and dealing with ethical issues if one would cater to this demand. Nevertheless, Halal tourism can also be provided by non- Muslim countries to Muslim tourists. This justifies a research (e.g. Henderson, 2016; Yasuda, 2017; Razzaq et al, 2016) for the multicultural Sweden as well.  A pilot study with 15 questions to assess perception of Halal tourism is being carried out with an open- ended questionnaire been sent out with 4 reminders to 250 persons working in government, organisations and enterprises linked to tourism in Sweden from four e-mail lists between June 2018 and January 2019. As of now, 22 have returned forms. The responses will be broadly thematically analysed as it is a survey of opinions. Possibly the investigation may turn to deep interviews and in that case a deep thematic analysis may show useful.  Only a minor part of the interviewees has a good grip on which exact dimensions are considered in definition of Halal tourism and have some knowledge of the adaptations required to it. Most of them have mentioned oral sources and Internet as their information source. A majority thinks Halal tourism may be of significance in Swedish tourism, if Muslims are targeted, while the rest are either doubtful or sceptic. Concerning pros of going after this target group, the majority report diversification of demand, general increase in demand, cultural exchange and general benefits to consumers, while a minority report having too little knowledge, or do not see any advantages or in a couple of cases have unclear answers. On the cons they point to the association between the concept of Halal to slaughter specifically, to the inability to deliver appropriate hospitality, to the possible detrimental effects on other target groups, point out the organisational adaptations necessary, put forth economic costs as well as cultural hinderances, or saw no downsides. A minority had either no ideas nor answers atall.  Whether one should go ahead and pursue this target audience or not, the answers totally varied. Some did agree, while others thought more thorough analysis of the target group was needed, or thought that all customers should be catered to as long as it does not adversely affect other target markets, or believed that this should not be a public responsibility, that invest is not on the proper level, or that at present no investments should be made, but if it turned out to be a high demand, it may be profitable. A minor part found it economically not defensible. When it comes to marketing Sweden as a Halal destination, several of them either mentioned Muslim nations or Muslim VFR tourists or specific geographic regions, while the rest either emphasizes need of more analysis, or claimed that they knew too little, answered irrelevant or gave no answer. On problems that may arise from marketing Sweden as a Halal destination, a majority either mentioned cultural difficulties or feared confused identity, leading to blurred destination image. Several of the interviewees found no problem while the rest either thought further analysis was needed or had no idea or answer. To the question if they were willing to pursue the target group, most of the interviewees was positive while several of the interviewees had negative opinion on it and few persons either did not know, answered unclear or gave no answer. As to under which conditions they could see Halal tourism being undertaken in Sweden, the answers are very varying. Nine persons either gave no answer or did not know while the rest either were against the idea or any necessary adaptions or required respect to equal value of people, to sustainability and fairtrade.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University, 2019
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39225 (URN)
Conference
28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Roskilde University, October 23-25, 2019.
Available from: 2019-10-26 Created: 2019-10-26 Last updated: 2019-10-31Bibliographically approved
Andersson, G. & Abbasian, S. (2018). Analysis Dimensions of City Destination Character and Image Positioning. Almatourism, 9(17), 33-54
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analysis Dimensions of City Destination Character and Image Positioning
2018 (English)In: Almatourism, ISSN 2036-5195, Vol. 9, no 17, p. 33-54Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

City tourism, with its unique character and image, has increased considerably over the last decades. At the same time, the complexity of destination development and image marketing has increased, and there is a lack of analysis tools for image positioning. The purpose is to investigate city destination image and character as prerequisites for destination mar­keting and development and how the image and character position can be analysed. City destination character, visitor destination image and visitor segments are used as the main theoretical framework.  An exploratory qualitative study approach has been chosen with an image case study of destination Stockholm. Qualitative interviews were conducted with the visitor segment international students and destination specialists. The study shows that desti­nation specialists have assessed a combination of city destination characteristic areas, which can be developed. Furthermore, visitors have a mind­set of several image aspects and holistic expressions for city destinations that can be used in destination marketing to change the current image position into the desired one. In order to determine a desired position, six analysis dimensions have been found useful: Desired positioning, Demand and supply, Visitor segmentation, Destination generalisation, Visit process and Expression type. The analysis dimensions are based on relevant dichotomous aspects. The effects of the used dimensions are called “positioning leverage effects”, and their main aim is to obtain a competitive advantage and to differentiate to other destinations.

 

Keywords
Destination Image; Destination Characteristics; Visitor Segments; Image Position; City Destination
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Other research area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36047 (URN)10.6092/issn.2036-5195/8134 (DOI)000439489600004 ()
Available from: 2018-08-14 Created: 2018-08-14 Last updated: 2018-08-20Bibliographically approved
Abbasian, S. (2018). City, Ethnicity, Diversity and the origin of Fire Festival in Swedish major cities: A research idea. In: Tourism Implications and Dilemmas: Book of Abstract. Paper presented at 27th Nordic Symposium in Tourism and Hospitality Research, 24-26 September 2018, UIT The Arctic University of Norway, Alta: Norway.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>City, Ethnicity, Diversity and the origin of Fire Festival in Swedish major cities: A research idea
2018 (English)In: Tourism Implications and Dilemmas: Book of Abstract, 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Urban Ethnic festivals have positive impacts on the image of cities and countries (McClinchey, 2008) and create a sense of belonging among immigrant groups (Chacko, 2013). Every year, a Tuesday in the middle of March and after 17:00, Iranian Fire Festival is held outdoors in the center of Stockholm and Göteborg. It is financed and organized by Riksteatern (The Swedish National Theatre). In Stockholm it is held in the King’s Garden park, 500 meters from the parliament, and it is used to be opened either by some Swedish ministers or by the Prime minister. This is not a big event in international comparison; it can be classified as local event and it is held when it is still very cold in Sweden. The event lasts in 4-5 hours but draws thousands of audiences (mostly from the same city region) to these two simultaneous arrangements. The audiences as well as the artists are mostly of Middle Eastern background (mostly Iranians, Kurds, Afghans) and there has been no report on ethnic Swedes among them over the years. This event, however, gets a huge attention from the Swedish media but also from some international media (Like Voice of America, Persian section) and Iranian diaspora media worldwide. In accordance with Getz et al (2007), many stakeholders are involved in this event; the Swedish governments, the event organization, municipality offices, many ethnic associations in Sweden, media, invited artists from Sweden and other countries, participants, sellers and volunteers.

The aim of this research is to get insight into this event, incentives behind it and the expected outcome of it from different stakeholders. Especially it is important to find out what interest different Swedish governments have since they support the event financially regardless of ideological belonging while the event’s own preconditions are not the best one.

Keywords
Ethnic festivals, Fire Festival, Stockholm City, Sweden, Diversity
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36512 (URN)
Conference
27th Nordic Symposium in Tourism and Hospitality Research, 24-26 September 2018, UIT The Arctic University of Norway, Alta: Norway
Note

Session 3: City tourism: Dilemmas and implications in destination development

Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2018-10-11Bibliographically approved
Abbasian, S. (2018). Participants’ perception of training programmes in the tourism industry: A Swedish pilot study. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights, 1(4), 309-324
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Participants’ perception of training programmes in the tourism industry: A Swedish pilot study
2018 (English)In: Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights, ISSN 2514-9792, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 309-324Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to deal mainly with the participants’ perception of their attendance in publicly funded training programmes in the tourism industry.

Design/methodology/approach

The investigation is based on e-mail interviews with 12 employees in the Swedish tourism industry who have actively participated in such courses as well as some courses offered by private organisations.

Findings

The results show that the interviewees have a positive perception of their participation and they believe that their attendance has had an overall positive impact on them or on their businesses. Nevertheless, it is unclear whether their participation has had an extraordinarily positive impact on business outcomes in terms of subsequent increased turnover, greater productivity or sales, or an expanded customer base. Lack of time and money and the prevalence of unsuitable courses prevent business owners and their employees from attending such courses.

Originality/value

This research is the first Swedish qualitative investigation on the issue.

Keywords
Training, Tourism, Human resource management, Sweden, Skills, Effectiveness, Perceptions, Competence development
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36539 (URN)10.1108/JHTI-04-2018-0024 (DOI)000446849300002 ()
Available from: 2018-10-10 Created: 2018-10-10 Last updated: 2018-11-13Bibliographically approved
Abbasian, S. (2018). Political crises and destination choice: An exploratory study of Swedish-Iranian second-home buyers. Tourism, Culture & Communication, 18(3), 205-218
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Political crises and destination choice: An exploratory study of Swedish-Iranian second-home buyers
2018 (English)In: Tourism, Culture & Communication, ISSN 1098-304X, E-ISSN 1943-4146, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 205-218Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Political crises, which have a known impact on the choice of tourism destination, can also negatively affect the choice of second-home destination and purchase. The purpose of this study is to investigate why some Swedish-Iranian second-home buyers prefer Spain to Turkey for political reasons. More than 30 short dialogues were conducted with Swedish-Iranian buyers at the exhibition "Buying Properties Abroad" in Kista, September 2015, following the start of a series of political crises in Turkey. A simple question was asked: Why are you choosing Spain rather than Turkey? The most important category of reasons were political factors, followed by cultural reasons. Political anxiety, instability, and insecurity in Turkey, the risk of civil war, a police society, lack of democratic order, the fact that Turkey is not a member of the European Union, the government's negative attitudes towards Kurds, and the emergence of Islamic State were the political reasons most mentioned. One conclusion that can be drawn is that political crises affect second-home tourism/tourists in the same way that they do ordinary tourism/tourists. The research has some important implications for Turkish policymakers, tourism stakeholders at a macrolevel, their competitors, especially in Spain, and potential buyers. Based on this research, some suggestions for future studies are also given. 

Keywords
Political crises, Second homes, Spain, Swedish-Iranians, Turkey
National Category
Human Geography Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36507 (URN)10.3727/109830418X15319363084481 (DOI)2-s2.0-85053250361 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2018-10-09Bibliographically approved
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