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Bali Swain, R. (2020). Microfinance in the Global South: Examining Evidence on Social Efficacy. In: G. Berik and E. Kongar (Ed.), Handbook of Feminist Economics: . Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Microfinance in the Global South: Examining Evidence on Social Efficacy
2020 (English)In: Handbook of Feminist Economics / [ed] G. Berik and E. Kongar, Routledge, 2020Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2020
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39071 (URN)
Available from: 2019-09-29 Created: 2019-09-29 Last updated: 2019-11-06
Bali Swain, R. & Karimu, A. (2020). Renewable Electricity and Sustainable Development Goals in the EU. World Development, 125, Article ID 104693.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Renewable Electricity and Sustainable Development Goals in the EU
2020 (English)In: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 125, article id 104693Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Renewable energy (RE) has a strong synergy with some of the sustainable development goals (SDGs), thus its successful deployment can potentially result in an impact on these SDGs. In this study, we examine the synergy effect of renewable electricity on selected SDGs via the electricity prices for the European Union (EU) countries. Using panel data and a two-step estimation approach, our findings indicate a strong synergy effect between renewable electricity prices, SDG 7 (affordable and clean energy) and SDG 8 (decent work and economic growth). The results further reveal that SDG 12 (responsible production and consumption) accounts for most of the future renewable electricity price variation (excluding self-effect), whereas future variation in SDG 7 (affordable and clean energy) and SDG 13 (climate action) are explained mostly by SDG 8 and SDG 12, respectively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Electricity price, EU, Renewable energy, Sustainable development goals
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39070 (URN)10.1016/j.worlddev.2019.104693 (DOI)000496605200021 ()2-s2.0-85073029496 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Available from: 2019-09-29 Created: 2019-09-29 Last updated: 2019-12-09Bibliographically approved
Rampal, P. & Bali Swain, R. (2019). Food Security, agriculture and malnutrition in India. In: R. Jha (Ed.), Hunger and Malnutrition as major challenges of the 21st Century: (pp. 241-265). Singapore: World Scientific
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Food Security, agriculture and malnutrition in India
2019 (English)In: Hunger and Malnutrition as major challenges of the 21st Century / [ed] R. Jha, Singapore: World Scientific, 2019, p. 241-265Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

It is widely recognized that combating malnutrition for women is central not only for their own health but also for the attainment of nutritional adequacy for future generations, including infants, children and adolescents. Attaining adequate nutrition for women is necessary throughout their life, but particularly so before, during and after pregnancy, if intergenerational nutritional adequacy is to be attained. Adequacy of nutrition also helps an individual become more productive and saves medical treatment costs that may otherwise have occurred. However, India’s less than satisfactory record of female, infant and child nutrition underscores the need to take urgent steps, particularly if the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are to be attained. With this as the background the present chapter focuses on the role of agriculture in providing adequate nutrition for women and the methods through which women in the rural sector can leverage existing institutions and programs to ameliorate nutritional inadequacy. This would require the design of informative indices of nutritional attainment and close cooperation in policy between governments, civil society organizations and international advisory groups. The chapter reviews some ways in which these can be attained.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Singapore: World Scientific, 2019
Series
World Scientific series in grand public policy challenges of the 21st century ; 3
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33423 (URN)10.1142/9789813239913_0008 (DOI)978-981-3239-90-6 (ISBN)978-981-3239-92-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-09-18 Created: 2017-09-18 Last updated: 2019-02-28Bibliographically approved
Nsabimana, A., Bali Swain, R., Surry, Y. & Ngabitsinze, J. (2019). Income and food Engel curves in Rwanda: A household microdata analysis. Agricultural and Food Economics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Income and food Engel curves in Rwanda: A household microdata analysis
2019 (English)In: Agricultural and Food Economics, ISSN 2193-7532Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

Food insecurity and malnutrition are still major challenges for large proportions of households in Sab-Saharan Africa. The empirical literature on food demand, however, suggest mixed evidence on the roles of income and other socio-economic attributes on food demand. This study analyses the food demand amongst households in Rwanda, based on nationally representative household expenditure and demographic (EICV4, 2013/14) survey data. The results show that poor households consume food containing higher carbohydrates and starches. Further, the study finds that majority of rural households spend sparingly on micronutrients from animal products, suggesting that effective targeted food policy interventions for poor and rural households may play important role in reducing incidence of malnutrition through improving food diets.… Read more

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39069 (URN)
Available from: 2019-09-29 Created: 2019-09-29 Last updated: 2019-10-02Bibliographically approved
Bali Swain, R. (2018). A Critical Analysis of the Sustainable Development Goals. In: Leal Filho, Walter (Ed.), Handbook of Sustainability Science and Research: (pp. 341-356). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Critical Analysis of the Sustainable Development Goals
2018 (English)In: Handbook of Sustainability Science and Research / [ed] Leal Filho, Walter, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 341-356Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The ambitious UN-adopted sustainable development goals (SDGs) have been criticized for being inconsistent, difficult to quantify, implement and monitor. Disparaging analysis suggests that there exists a potential inconsistency in the SDGs, particularly between the socio-economic development and the environmental sustainability goals. Critiques also raise questions on the measurability and monitoring of the broadly framed SDGs. The goals are non-binding, with each country being expected to create their own national or regional plans. Moreover, the source(s) and the extent of the financial resources and investments for the SDGs are ambiguous. This chapter quantifies and examines the inconsistencies of the SDGs. It further inspects which of the underlying social, economic or environmental pillars are that most effective for achieving sustainable development. Analyses of the data reveal that the developed countries need to remain focused on their social and environmental policies. The developing countries, on the other hand, are better off being focused on their economics and social policies in the short run, even though environmental policies remain significant for sustainable development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018
Series
World Sustainability Series, ISSN 2199-7373
Keywords
Sustainable development goals, Sustainable development incompatibility, Structural equation modelling, Factor analysis, UN data revolution
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32405 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-63007-6_20 (DOI)978-3-319-63007-6 (ISBN)978-3-319-63006-9 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2017-04-16 Created: 2017-04-16 Last updated: 2019-02-13Bibliographically approved
Kar, A. K. & Bali Swain, R. (2018). Are microfinance markets monopolistic?. Applied Economics, 58(1), 1-14
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are microfinance markets monopolistic?
2018 (English)In: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Do microfinance institutions (MFIs) operate in a monopoly, monopolistic competition environment or are their revenues derived under perfect competition markets? We employ the Panzar–Rosse revenue test on a global panel data to assess the competitive environment in which MFIs of five selected countries operate: Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Peru and Philippines, over the period 2005–2009. We estimate the static and the dynamic revenue tests, with analyses of the interest rate and the return on assets. We control for microfinance-specific variables such as capital-assets-ratio, loans-assets and the size of the MFI. The analyses also account for the endogeneity problem by employing the fixed-effects two-stage least squares and the fixed-effects system generalized method of moments. Our results suggest that MFIs in Peru and India operate in a monopolistic environment. We also find weak evidence that the microfinance industry in Ecuador, Indonesia and Philippines may operate under perfect competition.

Keywords
Microfinance, Competition, market structure, dynamic panel estimation, GMM estimation, Panzar-Rosse revenue tests
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Other research area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32401 (URN)10.1080/00036846.2017.1310999 (DOI)000418735000001 ()2-s2.0-85017441725 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-04-16 Created: 2017-04-16 Last updated: 2019-02-13Bibliographically approved
Ranganathan, S. & Bali Swain, R. (2018). Sustainable Development and global emission targets: A dynamical systems approach to aid evidence-based policy making. Sustainable Development, 26(6), 812-821
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable Development and global emission targets: A dynamical systems approach to aid evidence-based policy making
2018 (English)In: Sustainable Development, ISSN 0968-0802, E-ISSN 1099-1719, Vol. 26, no 6, p. 812-821Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is broad scientific consensus that increasing global emissions at current rates will result irreversible climate change. The global commitment to the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris agreement tries to address this concern with policy changes. But top-down approaches including voluntary emission cuts do not seem politically feasible in all countries. In this paper, we show that moderate voluntary emission cuts (policy) supplemented by technological developments and changes in consumption tastes and preferences induced by educating individuals (stakeholder engagement) could help achieve emission targets. We use a novel dynamical systems modeling approach based on economic theory to show the quantitative tradeoffs between these different approaches. Using this model, we also show how economic development may be balanced by global emissions reductions so that, initially, developing economies can continue along their current growth trajectories and eliminate poverty, and eventually bear more of the emissions reduction burden.

Keywords
Green Solow, emission targets, Sustainable Development Goals, dynamical systems, environment policy, greenhouse gases
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34852 (URN)10.1002/sd.1850 (DOI)000454305300027 ()2-s2.0-85050486573 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-16 Created: 2018-04-16 Last updated: 2019-02-13Bibliographically approved
Pädam, S. & Bali Swain, R. (2017). Attitudes Towards Paying for Environmental Protection in the Baltic Sea Region (1ed.). In: Bali Swain, Ranjula (Ed.), Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region: A Perspective from Economics (pp. 201-220). London: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Attitudes Towards Paying for Environmental Protection in the Baltic Sea Region
2017 (English)In: Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region: A Perspective from Economics / [ed] Bali Swain, Ranjula, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, 1, p. 201-220Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter compares public attitudes to environmental protection in Estonia with those in neighbouring Baltic states. Data from the Estonian Environmental Survey (The Chair of Environmental Economics. Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, 2010) and ISSP Environment III are compared and analysed using an ordered logit. Support for environmental protection is measured in the form of willingness of individuals to make financial sacrifices through higher prices and higher taxes or accepting a cut in their standard of living, in order to protect the environment. Results show that the demand for the protection of the environment tends to increase with income. There are some differences between public attitudes in terms of willingness to accept cuts in the standard of living and willingness to pay higher taxes and prices. Higher education is another determinant of support for environmental protection, particularly in Estonia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017 Edition: 1
Keywords
Environmental protection, Public attitudes, Estonia
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32404 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-56007-6_9 (DOI)2-s2.0-85034842800 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-56006-9 (ISBN)978-3-319-56007-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-04-16 Created: 2017-04-16 Last updated: 2019-02-13Bibliographically approved
Bali Swain, R. (Ed.). (2017). Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region: A Perspective from Economics (1ed.). London: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region: A Perspective from Economics
2017 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. p. 320 Edition: 1
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32402 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-56007-6 (DOI)2-s2.0-85034857541 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-56006-9 (ISBN)978-3-319-56007-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-04-16 Created: 2017-04-16 Last updated: 2019-02-13Bibliographically approved
Bali Swain, R. (2017). Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region: An Introduction. In: Bali Swain, Ranjula (Ed.), Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region: A Perspective from Economics (pp. 1-3). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region: An Introduction
2017 (English)In: Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region: A Perspective from Economics / [ed] Bali Swain, Ranjula, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, p. 1-3Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32403 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-56007-6_1 (DOI)2-s2.0-85034861246 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-56006-9 (ISBN)978-3-319-56007-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-04-16 Created: 2017-04-16 Last updated: 2019-02-13Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0573-5287

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