sh.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Publications (10 of 74) Show all publications
Westling, N., Stromberg, P. M. & Bali Swain, R. (2020). Can upstream ecosystems ensure safe drinking water – Insights from Sweden. Ecological Economics, 169, Article ID 106552.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Can upstream ecosystems ensure safe drinking water – Insights from Sweden
2020 (English)In: Ecological Economics, ISSN 0921-8009, E-ISSN 1873-6106, Vol. 169, article id 106552Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Clean water is not only the product of expensive treatment technology, but also of upstream ecosystems. Yet, the effect of land use on downstream water quality is poorly understood. We investigate the value of ecosystem water purification as an input to the production of drinking water in Sweden. We employ a recently modified empirical approach, complementing ex-ante modelling. We capture plant operator behaviour, rather than assuming rational individuals that value ecosystem services as a factor in the drinking water production function. The GMM technique is applied to estimate the marginal contributions of different land uses to water quality and chemical costs of treatment plants. The analysis is based on upstream land-use data, raw water quality, and chemical costs for a large share of Sweden’s municipal surface water treatment plants, for the period 2000 to 2012. Our results show that upstream forests lead to lower levels of E. coli (a pathogen associated with disease outbreaks) in downstream water and indicate the same effect on turbidity (not significant). We also find that turbidity increases treatment costs, but the effect of E. coli remains unclear. Consequently, in addition to water treatment equipment, decision-makers should consider investment in upstream ecosystems. 

Keywords
Drinking water, Ecosystems services, Forests, GIS, Pollution
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39399 (URN)10.1016/j.ecolecon.2019.106552 (DOI)2-s2.0-85075545785 (Scopus ID)
Projects
cosystem Services Accounting forDevelopment (ESAfD)
Funder
Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
Available from: 2019-11-17 Created: 2019-11-17 Last updated: 2019-12-11Bibliographically approved
Bali Swain, R. (2020). Last Night in Sweden? Using Gaussian Processes to Study Changing Demographics at the Level of Municipalities. European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 28(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Last Night in Sweden? Using Gaussian Processes to Study Changing Demographics at the Level of Municipalities
2020 (English)In: European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, ISSN 0928-9569, E-ISSN 1571-8174, Vol. 28, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

 The increased immigration in Western Europe has been linked by some political parties to increased criminality rates. We study the statistical relationship between the proportion of foreign-born to three types of reported criminality - rapes, burglary, and assault. The analysis is based on Swedish municipality level data for 2002-2014, years with signicant immigration. Using non-parametric Gaussian processes models, we find that while reported rape rates have increased, they are likely best explained by changes in reporting. The reported burglary rates have decreased, while reported assault rates are positively correlated to the proportion of foreign-born residents in the municipality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brill Nijhoff, 2020
Keywords
Criminality, Demographic shifts, Gaussian processes
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39425 (URN)
Available from: 2019-11-21 Created: 2019-11-21 Last updated: 2020-02-01
Bali Swain, R. (2020). Microfinance in the Global South: Examining Evidence on Social Efficacy. In: G. Berik and E. Kongar (Ed.), Handbook of Feminist Economics: . Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Microfinance in the Global South: Examining Evidence on Social Efficacy
2020 (English)In: Handbook of Feminist Economics / [ed] G. Berik and E. Kongar, Routledge, 2020Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2020
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39071 (URN)
Available from: 2019-09-29 Created: 2019-09-29 Last updated: 2019-11-06
Bali Swain, R. & Karimu, A. (2020). Renewable Electricity and Sustainable Development Goals in the EU. World Development, 125, Article ID 104693.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Renewable Electricity and Sustainable Development Goals in the EU
2020 (English)In: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 125, article id 104693Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Renewable energy (RE) has a strong synergy with some of the sustainable development goals (SDGs), thus its successful deployment can potentially result in an impact on these SDGs. In this study, we examine the synergy effect of renewable electricity on selected SDGs via the electricity prices for the European Union (EU) countries. Using panel data and a two-step estimation approach, our findings indicate a strong synergy effect between renewable electricity prices, SDG 7 (affordable and clean energy) and SDG 8 (decent work and economic growth). The results further reveal that SDG 12 (responsible production and consumption) accounts for most of the future renewable electricity price variation (excluding self-effect), whereas future variation in SDG 7 (affordable and clean energy) and SDG 13 (climate action) are explained mostly by SDG 8 and SDG 12, respectively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Electricity price, EU, Renewable energy, Sustainable development goals
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39070 (URN)10.1016/j.worlddev.2019.104693 (DOI)000496605200021 ()2-s2.0-85073029496 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Available from: 2019-09-29 Created: 2019-09-29 Last updated: 2019-12-09Bibliographically approved
Bali Swain, R. & Wallentin, F. Y. (2019). Achieving Sustainable Development Goals: Predicaments and Strategies. International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Achieving Sustainable Development Goals: Predicaments and Strategies
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, ISSN 1350-4509, E-ISSN 1745-2627Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The ambitious United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been criticized for being universal, broadly-framed, inconsistent and difficult to quantify, implement and monitor. We contribute by quantifying and prioritising the SDGs and their impact on sustainable development. We employ structural equation models (SEM) to investigate, which of the underlying pillars of SDGs (economic, social and environment) are the most effective in achieving sustainable development. Our results reveal that the developed countries, benefit most by focusing on social and environmental factors whereas the developing countries, benefit most by retaining their focus on the economic and the social factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Sustainable Development Goals, sustainable development incompatibility, structural equation modeling, factor analysis, UN data revolution.
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39365 (URN)10.1080/13504509.2019.1692316 (DOI)000499044900001 ()2-s2.0-85075762450 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2019-11-09 Created: 2019-11-09 Last updated: 2019-12-13Bibliographically approved
Rampal, P. & Bali Swain, R. (2019). Food Security, agriculture and malnutrition in India. In: R. Jha (Ed.), Hunger and Malnutrition as major challenges of the 21st Century: (pp. 241-265). Singapore: World Scientific
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Food Security, agriculture and malnutrition in India
2019 (English)In: Hunger and Malnutrition as major challenges of the 21st Century / [ed] R. Jha, Singapore: World Scientific, 2019, p. 241-265Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

It is widely recognized that combating malnutrition for women is central not only for their own health but also for the attainment of nutritional adequacy for future generations, including infants, children and adolescents. Attaining adequate nutrition for women is necessary throughout their life, but particularly so before, during and after pregnancy, if intergenerational nutritional adequacy is to be attained. Adequacy of nutrition also helps an individual become more productive and saves medical treatment costs that may otherwise have occurred. However, India’s less than satisfactory record of female, infant and child nutrition underscores the need to take urgent steps, particularly if the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are to be attained. With this as the background the present chapter focuses on the role of agriculture in providing adequate nutrition for women and the methods through which women in the rural sector can leverage existing institutions and programs to ameliorate nutritional inadequacy. This would require the design of informative indices of nutritional attainment and close cooperation in policy between governments, civil society organizations and international advisory groups. The chapter reviews some ways in which these can be attained.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Singapore: World Scientific, 2019
Series
World Scientific series in grand public policy challenges of the 21st century ; 3
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33423 (URN)10.1142/9789813239913_0008 (DOI)978-981-3239-90-6 (ISBN)978-981-3239-92-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-09-18 Created: 2017-09-18 Last updated: 2019-02-28Bibliographically approved
Nsabimana, A., Bali Swain, R., Surry, Y. & Ngabitsinze, J. (2019). Income and food Engel curves in Rwanda: A household microdata analysis. Agricultural and Food Economics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Income and food Engel curves in Rwanda: A household microdata analysis
2019 (English)In: Agricultural and Food Economics, ISSN 2193-7532Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

Food insecurity and malnutrition are still major challenges for large proportions of households in Sab-Saharan Africa. The empirical literature on food demand, however, suggest mixed evidence on the roles of income and other socio-economic attributes on food demand. This study analyses the food demand amongst households in Rwanda, based on nationally representative household expenditure and demographic (EICV4, 2013/14) survey data. The results show that poor households consume food containing higher carbohydrates and starches. Further, the study finds that majority of rural households spend sparingly on micronutrients from animal products, suggesting that effective targeted food policy interventions for poor and rural households may play important role in reducing incidence of malnutrition through improving food diets.… Read more

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39069 (URN)
Available from: 2019-09-29 Created: 2019-09-29 Last updated: 2019-10-02Bibliographically approved
Bali Swain, R. (2018). A Critical Analysis of the Sustainable Development Goals. In: Leal Filho, Walter (Ed.), Handbook of Sustainability Science and Research: (pp. 341-356). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Critical Analysis of the Sustainable Development Goals
2018 (English)In: Handbook of Sustainability Science and Research / [ed] Leal Filho, Walter, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 341-356Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The ambitious UN-adopted sustainable development goals (SDGs) have been criticized for being inconsistent, difficult to quantify, implement and monitor. Disparaging analysis suggests that there exists a potential inconsistency in the SDGs, particularly between the socio-economic development and the environmental sustainability goals. Critiques also raise questions on the measurability and monitoring of the broadly framed SDGs. The goals are non-binding, with each country being expected to create their own national or regional plans. Moreover, the source(s) and the extent of the financial resources and investments for the SDGs are ambiguous. This chapter quantifies and examines the inconsistencies of the SDGs. It further inspects which of the underlying social, economic or environmental pillars are that most effective for achieving sustainable development. Analyses of the data reveal that the developed countries need to remain focused on their social and environmental policies. The developing countries, on the other hand, are better off being focused on their economics and social policies in the short run, even though environmental policies remain significant for sustainable development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018
Series
World Sustainability Series, ISSN 2199-7373
Keywords
Sustainable development goals, Sustainable development incompatibility, Structural equation modelling, Factor analysis, UN data revolution
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32405 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-63007-6_20 (DOI)978-3-319-63007-6 (ISBN)978-3-319-63006-9 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2017-04-16 Created: 2017-04-16 Last updated: 2019-02-13Bibliographically approved
Kar, A. K. & Bali Swain, R. (2018). Are microfinance markets monopolistic?. Applied Economics, 58(1), 1-14
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are microfinance markets monopolistic?
2018 (English)In: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Do microfinance institutions (MFIs) operate in a monopoly, monopolistic competition environment or are their revenues derived under perfect competition markets? We employ the Panzar–Rosse revenue test on a global panel data to assess the competitive environment in which MFIs of five selected countries operate: Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Peru and Philippines, over the period 2005–2009. We estimate the static and the dynamic revenue tests, with analyses of the interest rate and the return on assets. We control for microfinance-specific variables such as capital-assets-ratio, loans-assets and the size of the MFI. The analyses also account for the endogeneity problem by employing the fixed-effects two-stage least squares and the fixed-effects system generalized method of moments. Our results suggest that MFIs in Peru and India operate in a monopolistic environment. We also find weak evidence that the microfinance industry in Ecuador, Indonesia and Philippines may operate under perfect competition.

Keywords
Microfinance, Competition, market structure, dynamic panel estimation, GMM estimation, Panzar-Rosse revenue tests
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Other research area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32401 (URN)10.1080/00036846.2017.1310999 (DOI)000418735000001 ()2-s2.0-85017441725 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-04-16 Created: 2017-04-16 Last updated: 2019-02-13Bibliographically approved
Ranganathan, S. & Bali Swain, R. (2018). Sustainable Development and global emission targets: A dynamical systems approach to aid evidence-based policy making. Sustainable Development, 26(6), 812-821
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable Development and global emission targets: A dynamical systems approach to aid evidence-based policy making
2018 (English)In: Sustainable Development, ISSN 0968-0802, E-ISSN 1099-1719, Vol. 26, no 6, p. 812-821Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is broad scientific consensus that increasing global emissions at current rates will result irreversible climate change. The global commitment to the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris agreement tries to address this concern with policy changes. But top-down approaches including voluntary emission cuts do not seem politically feasible in all countries. In this paper, we show that moderate voluntary emission cuts (policy) supplemented by technological developments and changes in consumption tastes and preferences induced by educating individuals (stakeholder engagement) could help achieve emission targets. We use a novel dynamical systems modeling approach based on economic theory to show the quantitative tradeoffs between these different approaches. Using this model, we also show how economic development may be balanced by global emissions reductions so that, initially, developing economies can continue along their current growth trajectories and eliminate poverty, and eventually bear more of the emissions reduction burden.

Keywords
Green Solow, emission targets, Sustainable Development Goals, dynamical systems, environment policy, greenhouse gases
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34852 (URN)10.1002/sd.1850 (DOI)000454305300027 ()2-s2.0-85050486573 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-16 Created: 2018-04-16 Last updated: 2019-02-13Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0573-5287

Search in DiVA

Show all publications