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Hök, J. (2020). Tre starka skäl att hylla vår vän Professorn. In: Ester Appelgren & Andreas Widholm (Ed.), Mellan det hyperlokala och globala: Journalistikens förändringar och utmaningar i en digital tid: Vänbok till Gunnar Nygren (pp. 177-180). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tre starka skäl att hylla vår vän Professorn
2020 (Swedish)In: Mellan det hyperlokala och globala: Journalistikens förändringar och utmaningar i en digital tid: Vänbok till Gunnar Nygren / [ed] Ester Appelgren & Andreas Widholm, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 177-180Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-41006 (URN)978-91-88663-96-2 (ISBN)978-91-88663-97-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-06-15 Created: 2020-06-15 Last updated: 2020-06-15Bibliographically approved
Nygren, G., Glowacki, M., Hök, J., Kiria, I., Orlova, D. & Taradai, D. (2018). Journalism in the Crossfire: Media coverage of the war in Ukraine in 2014. Journalism Studies, 19(7), 1059-1078
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Journalism in the Crossfire: Media coverage of the war in Ukraine in 2014
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2018 (English)In: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 19, no 7, p. 1059-1078Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

War reporting has mostly been analyzed as a struggle between political and military control over information and journalistic professionalism. An analysis of reporting in mainstream media from the conflict in eastern Ukraine in 2014 shows that many other aspects must also be considered. In a comparative study, mainstream media coverage in four countries, Ukraine, Russia, Poland, and Sweden, was analyzed and interviews were held with journalists in the media included in the content analysis. Findings revealed significant variations in the framing of the conflict, portrayal of actors involved, and word choice across national settings. Interviews with journalists also highlighted crucial differences in approaches and perceptions. Results show that the specific journalistic culture in each country, self-censorship, and the degree of activist approach among journalists similarly play an important role in war reporting. Researchers from all four countries participated in the project.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
journalistic culture, professional values, Russia, self-censorship, Ukraine, war reporting
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31331 (URN)10.1080/1461670X.2016.1251332 (DOI)000430723500009 ()2-s2.0-84996554564 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-12-12 Created: 2016-12-09 Last updated: 2020-04-03Bibliographically approved
Gullö, J.-O. & Hök, J. (2018). Journalism Students, Vocational Training And The Professional Ethics Of Mass Media. In: Chova, LG Martinez, AL Torres, IC (Ed.), 12Th International Technology, Education And Development Conference (Inted): . Paper presented at 12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference (INTED), Valencia, Spain, March 5-7, 2018. (pp. 5030-5035). Valencia: International Association for Technology, Education and Development
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Journalism Students, Vocational Training And The Professional Ethics Of Mass Media
2018 (English)In: 12Th International Technology, Education And Development Conference (Inted) / [ed] Chova, LG Martinez, AL Torres, IC, Valencia: International Association for Technology, Education and Development, 2018, p. 5030-5035Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

How are journalism students' basic perceptions of their future occupation influenced and changed during their education? This research question is the starting point for a survey based on current internship reports at Sodertorn University, the largest University journalist education Center in Sweden. At the heart of the Anglo-Saxon mass media tradition is the common normative concept of journalism as first and foremost a third estate; an independent professional reviewer of society's power groups and central institutions. As a pilot project we have chosen to focus on reflections on this basic value and how it is perceived during the first period of education in relation to the internship semester at the end of three years of education. Two research hypotheses are tested; H1: Students are influenced by a strong normative perception of the role of journalism prior to long-term practice. H2: Most of the students revise the perception of journalism's emphasis on critical inquiries during the three-year program foremost in connection to their internship during the last semester The survey is based on reading of student's internship reports from 2012 and 2013. In their reports nearly all pointed out that they were strongly influenced by an normative image of the profession as relatively free and focused on investigative journalism. Which suggests that hypothesis H1 is correct. During their courses and in connection to their internship during the last semester, the reports show that images of the profession have changed. In their reports students says that freedom within the profession is more limited, the financial framework tight and the scope for investigative work limited. The observations indicate that the hypothesis H2 is correct. As the observations are based on a limited number of reports, the project will continue with interviews of the students who got their degree five years ago, as well as interviews with teachers and supervisors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Valencia: International Association for Technology, Education and Development, 2018
Series
INTED Proceedings, ISSN 2340-1079
Keywords
journalistic internship, journalism ethics, social role of journalism
National Category
Media and Communications Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39892 (URN)10.21125/inted.2018.0989 (DOI)000447408805011 ()978-84-697-9480-7 (ISBN)
Conference
12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference (INTED), Valencia, Spain, March 5-7, 2018.
Available from: 2020-01-15 Created: 2020-01-15 Last updated: 2020-01-15Bibliographically approved
Hök, J. (2016). Konfliktjournalistik i demokratiskaoch auktoritära stater. In: Gunnar Nygren, Jöran Hök (Ed.), Ukraina och informationskriget: Journalistik mellan ideal och självcensur (pp. 33-58). Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Konfliktjournalistik i demokratiskaoch auktoritära stater
2016 (Swedish)In: Ukraina och informationskriget: Journalistik mellan ideal och självcensur / [ed] Gunnar Nygren, Jöran Hök, Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB) , 2016, p. 33-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB), 2016
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31681 (URN)978-91-7383-667-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2017-01-12Bibliographically approved
Nygren, G. & Hök, J. (Eds.). (2016). Ukraina och informationskriget: Journalistik mellan ideal och självcensur. Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ukraina och informationskriget: Journalistik mellan ideal och självcensur
2016 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Konflikten mellan Ryssland och Ukraina har beskrivits som ett ”informationskrig”. Annekteringen av Krim och kriget i östra Ukraina sommaren 2014 var högst påtagliga händelser, men beskrivningen av vad som egentligen hände skiljer sig beroende på vilken sida som stå bakom berättelsen. Är de ryska rebellerna ”terrorister” eller en ”folkmilis” som bara försvarar ryssar? Var det en rysk invasion eller bara humanitärt och frivilligt stöd till befolkningen i Donetsk och Luhansk? Vem sköt ned det malaysiska passagerarplanet MH17?

I denna rapport analyserar medieforskare i fyra länder hur konflikten beskrivs i ledande medier. Forskarna kommer från både Ukraina och Ryssland, men också från två grannländer som berörs indirekt – Polen och Sverige. I resultatet av detta samarbete framträder mediebilder som till stor del sluter upp bakom de politiska/militära eliterna och lämnar dem som vill kunna se flera perspektiv i sticket. Konflikten pågår också i medierna med ett ständigt flöde av desinformation och propaganda.

Författarna som har varit med och bidragit till denna boken är:

Gunnar Nygren, professor i journalistik vid Södertörns högskola

Jöran Hök, lektor i journalistik vid Södertörns högskola

Andreas Widholm, lektor i journalistik vid Södertörns högskola

Ilja Kiria, professor i journalistik vid Higher School of Economics i Moskva

Anna Shpyntova, journalistikforskare vid Higher School of Economics i Moskva

Daria Taradai, PhD vid Kyiv-Mohyla akademin, School of journalism i Kiev

Dariya Orlova, PhD vid Kyiv-Mohyla akademin, School of journalism i Kiev

Michal Glowacki, PhD vid University of Warzaw

Roza Smolak, doktorand vid University of Wroclaw

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB), 2016. p. 279
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31599 (URN)978-91-7383-667-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-06 Created: 2017-01-06 Last updated: 2020-12-21Bibliographically approved
Nygren, G. & Hök, J. (2016). Vänner och fiender i mediebilder av Ukrainakriget. In: Gunnar Nygren, Jöran Hök (Ed.), Ukraina och informationskriget: Journalistik mellan ideal och självcensur (pp. 243-267). Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vänner och fiender i mediebilder av Ukrainakriget
2016 (Swedish)In: Ukraina och informationskriget: Journalistik mellan ideal och självcensur / [ed] Gunnar Nygren, Jöran Hök, Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB) , 2016, p. 243-267Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB), 2016
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31680 (URN)978-91-7383-667-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2017-01-12Bibliographically approved
Hök, J. (2015). Changing working conditions. In: Gunnar Nygren, Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska (Ed.), Journalism in change: Professional journalistic culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden (pp. 97-117). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Changing working conditions
2015 (English)In: Journalism in change: Professional journalistic culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden / [ed] Gunnar Nygren, Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2015, p. 97-117Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2015
Series
Studies in Communication and Politics, ISSN 2197-1625 ; 3
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-30663 (URN)2-s2.0-84967185979 (Scopus ID)978-3-653-03989-4 (ISBN)978-3-631-64921-3 (ISBN)978-3-653-99006-5 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A006-2010
Available from: 2016-07-21 Created: 2016-07-21 Last updated: 2022-07-04Bibliographically approved
Hök, J. (2015). The Role of External and Internal Actors in the Future of Mass Media in Afghanistan [Review]. Asian Politics & Policy, 7(4), 675-680
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Role of External and Internal Actors in the Future of Mass Media in Afghanistan
2015 (English)In: Asian Politics & Policy, ISSN 1943-0779, E-ISSN 1943-0787, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 675-680Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36760 (URN)000363869200017 ()
Note

Media Review

Available from: 2018-11-16 Created: 2018-11-16 Last updated: 2018-11-16Bibliographically approved
Hök, J. (2013). Impartiality and autonomy: Preconditions for journalism in weak states. In: Leon Barkho (Ed.), From theory to practice: How to assess and apply impartiality in news and current affairs (pp. 169-184). Bristol: Intellect Ltd.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Impartiality and autonomy: Preconditions for journalism in weak states
2013 (English)In: From theory to practice: How to assess and apply impartiality in news and current affairs / [ed] Leon Barkho, Bristol: Intellect Ltd., 2013, p. 169-184Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The autonomous role of Swedish journalists has been won after centuries of bitter struggle since the first laws on liberties for the printed press was legislated in 1766. Sweden is well repudiated for this professional culture, which implies an independent and impartial social role for mass media, free from state censorship, open to investigative reporting and critical debate; in other words autonomous media able to sustain impartial reporting.

 

Efforts to create a similar position for the media in post-conflict or transition states are countered by strong political and economic forces, by a path dependency of older rules and norms and also by lack of professionalism and investigative resources. In these statesthere is limited or legal protection ofcriticaljournalismandlack ofacivil society thatplaces demands onthose in powerand constitutesa counter-forceagainst oppression andarbitrarinessin the community.

 

In several states, especially those who previously lacked democratic mass media, there has emerged a plethora of new media which are independent in form but not in content. They are not functioning as correctives to power and offer no room for impartial journalism. Instead, they have become a megaphone for special interests. The question is why this development has taken place and which strategies internal and external actors apply to change the situation. Currently there are extensive studies of journalism in war, conflict and change phases. But there is very limited research on the development of journalism in subsequent periods. The chapter addresses the points of departure for future research on the conditions for journalism in states after crisis, open conflict and substantial social transitions. Studies in states such as Afghanistan and Kosovo demonstrate that international actors, companies and aid agencies have acted inconsistent and ended up in the role-conflicts which frustrated efforts to create autonomous and impartial journalism.

.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bristol: Intellect Ltd., 2013
Keywords
mass media autonomy, impartial reporting, journalistic independence, media and democracy, media development support
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-27205 (URN)2-s2.0-84947782766 (Scopus ID)978-1-84150-726-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-05-04 Created: 2015-05-04 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Hök, J. (2012). Swedish journalism: a long struggle for autonomy. In: Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Journalism in Russia, Poland and Sweden: traditions, cultures and research (pp. 53-72). Huddinge: Journalistik, Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish journalism: a long struggle for autonomy
2012 (English)In: Journalism in Russia, Poland and Sweden: traditions, cultures and research / [ed] Gunnar Nygren, Huddinge: Journalistik, Södertörns högskola , 2012, p. 53-72Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Journalistik, Södertörns högskola, 2012
Series
Journalistikstudier vid Södertörns högskola ; 4
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-16157 (URN)1333/42/2010 (Local ID)978-91-979140-3-1 (ISBN)1333/42/2010 (Archive number)1333/42/2010 (OAI)
Available from: 2012-05-04 Created: 2012-05-04 Last updated: 2022-07-04Bibliographically approved
Projects
Journalism in change - professional journalistic cultures in Russia, Poland and Sweden. [A006-2010_OSS]; Södertörn University; Publications
Hök, J. (2015). Changing working conditions. In: Gunnar Nygren, Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska (Ed.), Journalism in change: Professional journalistic culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden (pp. 97-117). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing GroupNygren, G. & Dobek-Ostrowska, B. (2015). Introduction: Journalism, professionalization and juournalistic culture as a matter of research. In: Gunnar Nygren and Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska (Ed.), Journalism in change: Professional journalistic culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden (pp. 9-18). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing GroupNygren, G. & Dobek-Ostrowska, B. (Eds.). (2015). Journalism in change: Professional journalistic culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing GroupNygren, G. & Dobek-Ostrowska, B. (2015). Journalistic cultures between national traditions and global trends. In: Gunnar Nygren and Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska (Ed.), Journalism in change: Professional journalistic cultures in Poland, Russia and Sweden (pp. 259-278). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing GroupNygren, G. (2015). Media development and professional autonomy. In: Gunnar Nygren and Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska (Ed.), Journalism in change: Professional journalistic culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden (pp. 119-152). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing GroupJohansson, E. (2015). New tools for old practices?: The journalistic profession in the context of interactive participation. In: Gunnar Nygren, Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska (Ed.), Journalism in change: Professional journalistic culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden (pp. 233-257). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing GroupNygren, G., Dobek-Ostrowska, B. & Johansson, E. (2015). Professional journalistic cultures: Design and methods in the research. In: Gunnar Nygren and Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska (Ed.), Journalism in change: Professional journalistic cultures in Poland, Russia and Sweden (pp. 41-62). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing GroupNygren, G. (2015). Professionalization, media development and comparative journalism studies. In: Gunnar Nygren and Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska (Ed.), Journalism in change: Professional journalistic culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden (pp. 19-40). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing GroupJohansson, E. (2014). Blogging in Russia: The blog platform LiveJournal as a professional tool for Russian journalists. Baltic Worlds, VII(2-3), 27-36Nygren, G. (2014). Multiskilling in the newsroom: De-skilling or re-skilling of journalistic work?. The Journal of Media Innovations, 1(2), 75-96
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4866-8400

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