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Tarasova, E. (2018). (Non-) Alternative energy transitions: Examining neoliberal rationality in official nuclear energy discourses of Russia and Poland. Energy Research & Social Science, 41, 128-135
Open this publication in new window or tab >>(Non-) Alternative energy transitions: Examining neoliberal rationality in official nuclear energy discourses of Russia and Poland
2018 (English)In: Energy Research & Social Science, ISSN 2214-6296, E-ISSN 2214-6326, Vol. 41, p. 128-135Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Abstract Neoliberal trends are a part of the sociopolitical contexts that shape present-day energy transitions. Economic arguments extensively used in nuclear energy discourses regarding the Nuclear Renaissance period may indicate that neoliberal trends have penetrated discussions about energy transitions. This article examines the presence of neoliberal rationality in the official nuclear energy discourses coming from Russia and Poland. These countries are interesting in respect to their relatively recent changes towards a market economy. Neoliberal rationality is defined in the article as the combination of market rationality, limited role of state, political consensus, governance structures and securitization, following Foucault and Brown. Discourse analysis of the energy policies and speeches of politicians that contain statements about nuclear energy development is carried out. The analysis confirms the significant presence of these themes in nuclear energy discourses as well as discourses reflecting the specificities of the two countries. The combination of the defining features of neoliberal rationality in official nuclear energy discourses seem to leave limited space for challenging nuclear energy development and discussing alternative energy transitions.

Keywords
Energy transition, Nuclear energy, Neoliberalism, Market rationality
National Category
Political Science Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34911 (URN)10.1016/j.erss.2018.04.008 (DOI)000435003500014 ()2-s2.0-85046156997 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-27 Created: 2018-04-27 Last updated: 2018-07-12Bibliographically approved
Tarasova, E. (2017). Anti-nuclear Movements in Discursive and Political Contexts​: Between Expert Voices and Local Protests. (Doctoral dissertation). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anti-nuclear Movements in Discursive and Political Contexts​: Between Expert Voices and Local Protests
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Energy policies which maintain and extend nuclear energy are often opposed by anti-nuclear movements. Ambitious plans for developing nuclear energy in Russia, constructing a first nuclear plant in Poland, and lifting the ban on nuclear energy while allowing the replacement of old reactors in Sweden are examples of such energy policies. In contrast to the massive anti-nuclear movements of 1970-1990s, recent anti-nuclear movements are not organized as national protest campaigns. This thesis examines repertoires of anti-nuclear movements in the alleged “Nuclear Renaissance” period.  

Repertoires of anti-nuclear actions are analyzed from the perspective of discursive and political opportunities of anti-nuclear movements. Discursive opportunities are enabled or hindered in the ordering of nuclear energy discourses, making messages and actions of social movements legitimate or illegitimate. While discourses of anti-nuclear movements are complex, official discourses of nuclear energy featuring arguments about profitability, energy security and environmental security in connection to nuclear energy development, resonate more with broader socio-political developments. Ordering of discourses is established in such a way that expert rhetoric becomes a standard approach for discussing nuclear energy, while references to emotions and subjective matters are unacceptable.

Political contexts of anti-nuclear movements provide opportunities for environmental NGOs, one kind of actor in anti-nuclear movements, to pursue nonconfrontational strategies and engage in institutional channels, where they can contribute their expert knowledge. Concurrently, another actor in anti-nuclear movements, local anti-nuclear groups, on the one hand, share argumentative structures with environmental NGOs, and, on the other hand, attempt to mobilize local population and organize local protests. Due to limited opportunities for attention from the national media and focus on local issues, local protests are not featured in the national media, which is crucial for national protest actions.

The differences in repertoires between these two kinds of actors and absence of actors opting for mass engagement provide insight into repertoires of anti-nuclear movements as a whole. This thesis demonstrates how discursive opportunities of social movements, which result from competing discourses of movements and their counter-agents, and political opportunities structure repertoires of actions of these movements.

Abstract [sv]

Energipolitik som upprätthåller och utökar användandet av kärnkraft motarbetas ofta av antikärnkrafts­rörelser. Exempel på sådan energipolitik är de ambitiösa planerna på att utveckla kärnkraft i Ryssland, att bygga ett första kärnkraftverk i Polen, och att häva förbudet mot kärnkraft samt möjliggöra utbyte av gamla reaktorer i Sverige. I motsats till de massiva antikärnkraftsrörelserna under 1970-1990, är de nya rörelserna inte organiserade som nationella protestkampanjer. Denna avhandling undersöker vilka olika handlingssätt antikärnkrafts­rörelserna i den påstådda "Nuclear Renaissance"-perioden använder.

Antikärnkraftsrörelsernas olika sätt att agera analyseras ur diskursiva och politiska möjligheter. Diskurser av antikärnkraftsrörelser är komplexa, när officiella diskurser om kärnkraft möter argument om lönsamhet, energisäkerhet och miljösäkerhet i samband med kärnkraft utveckling, anknyter den mer till en bredare socio-politiska utveckling. Diskurser etableras på ett sådant sätt att expertretorik blir en standardiserad metod för att diskutera kärnkraft, medan hänvisningar till känslor och subjektiva frågor är oacceptabla.

Det politiska sammanhanget ger möjligheter till miljöorganisationer, en typ av aktör inom anti­kärnkrafts­rörelsen, att bedriva nonconfrontational strategier och engagera sig via institutionella kanaler, där de kan bidra med sin sakkunskap. Samtidigt som en annan aktör, lokal antikärnkrafts­grupper, å ena sidan dela argument med miljöorganisationer, men å andra sidan försök att mobilisera lokalbefolkningen och anordna lokala protester. Eftersom lokala protester inte visas i nationella medier får de begränsade möjligheter till medial uppmärksamhet, något som är avgörande för nationella protestaktioner. Skillnaderna i sätt att agera mellan dessa två typer av aktörer och frånvaro av aktörer som väljer massengagemang ger insikt i de olika handlingssätt som används av antikärnkraftsrörelser som helhet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017. p. 305
Series
Södertörn Doctoral Dissertations, ISSN 1652-7399 ; 131
Keywords
social movements, nuclear energy, discourse, action repertoires, protests, Nuclear Renaissance, Russia, Poland, Sweden
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31979 (URN)978-91-87843-81-5 (ISBN)978-91-87843-82-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-03-10, MB503, Alfred Nobels allé 7, Huddinge, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-02-16 Created: 2017-02-08 Last updated: 2017-09-22Bibliographically approved
Tarasova, E. (2017). Data Protection Authorities in Central and Eastern Europe: Setting the Research Agenda. In: Jonason, Patricia & Rosengren, Anna (Ed.), The Right of Access to Information and the Right to Privacy: A Democratic Balancing Act (pp. 139-149). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Data Protection Authorities in Central and Eastern Europe: Setting the Research Agenda
2017 (English)In: The Right of Access to Information and the Right to Privacy: A Democratic Balancing Act / [ed] Jonason, Patricia & Rosengren, Anna, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017, p. 139-149Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017
Series
Working Paper, ISSN 1404-1480 ; 2017:2
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33971 (URN)978-91-88663-30-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-12-22 Created: 2017-12-22 Last updated: 2017-12-22Bibliographically approved
Tarasova, E. (2017). Integration in Energy and Transport. Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Turkey [Review]. Europe-Asia Studies, 69(10), 1662-1663
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integration in Energy and Transport. Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Turkey
2017 (English)In: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 69, no 10, p. 1662-1663Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34571 (URN)10.1080/09668136.2017.1401808 (DOI)000423279400007 ()
Available from: 2018-02-09 Created: 2018-02-09 Last updated: 2018-02-09Bibliographically approved
Edberg, K. & Tarasova, E. (2016). Phasing out or phasing in: Framing the role of nuclear power in the Swedish energy transition. Energy Research & Social Science, 13, 170-179
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Phasing out or phasing in: Framing the role of nuclear power in the Swedish energy transition
2016 (English)In: Energy Research & Social Science, ISSN 2214-6296, E-ISSN 2214-6326, Vol. 13, p. 170-179Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines how members of the Swedish Parliament framed nuclear energy in the 2010 debate on the future of nuclear power in Sweden in order to understand how politicians construct and contextualize their views on the role of nuclear energy in energy transitions. Our findings suggest that four themes could be identified in the debate and that these were formative for politicians in framing nuclear energy. Even though all political actors anticipate an energy transition towards a more sustainable system, different paths to advancing in this process were brought up in the debate, both with and without prolongation of the nuclear energy program. Our analysis suggests that framings of nuclear energy are closely related to the political ideologies of the parties in the Parliament because the two framings of nuclear energy correspond with the division of the Swedish Parliament into two political blocs. However, views on nuclear energy are not inherent to political ideologies but are constructed. This article thus integrates the politics of nuclear energy within the research on energy transitions.

Keywords
Nuclear energy policy; Energy transitions; Political ideologies; Sustainable development; Sweden
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29563 (URN)10.1016/j.erss.2015.12.008 (DOI)000379433700016 ()2-s2.0-84957434303 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-02-19 Created: 2016-02-19 Last updated: 2018-04-05Bibliographically approved
Tarasova, E. (2015). Energy projects from the perspective of society: Analyzing responses and actions of environmental organizations. In: : . Paper presented at 12th Conference of the European Sociological Association 2015, 25-28.08.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy projects from the perspective of society: Analyzing responses and actions of environmental organizations
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Sociology Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28151 (URN)
Conference
12th Conference of the European Sociological Association 2015, 25-28.08
Available from: 2015-08-31 Created: 2015-08-31 Last updated: 2015-08-31Bibliographically approved
Tarasova, E. (2015). [Review of:] Russian Energy and Security up to 2030 [Review]. Europe-Asia Studies, 67(6), 995-996
Open this publication in new window or tab >>[Review of:] Russian Energy and Security up to 2030
2015 (English)In: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 67, no 6, p. 995-996Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28150 (URN)10.1080/09668136.2015.1051879 (DOI)000359636500011 ()
Available from: 2015-08-31 Created: 2015-08-31 Last updated: 2017-10-30Bibliographically approved
Tarasova, E. (2014). Anti-nuclear movement discourse in the countries of so called "Nuclear Renaissance”. In: Facing an Unequal World: Challenges for Global Sociology: XVIII ISA World Congress of Sociology, Yokohama, Japan, 13-19 July, 2014: Book of Abstacts. Paper presented at XVIII ISA World Congress of Sociology, Yokohama, Japan, 13-19 July, 2014 (pp. 967). International Sociological Association
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anti-nuclear movement discourse in the countries of so called "Nuclear Renaissance”
2014 (English)In: Facing an Unequal World: Challenges for Global Sociology: XVIII ISA World Congress of Sociology, Yokohama, Japan, 13-19 July, 2014: Book of Abstacts, International Sociological Association , 2014, p. 967-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Sociological Association, 2014
Keywords
social movements, discourse studies, nuclear energy
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-25592 (URN)
Conference
XVIII ISA World Congress of Sociology, Yokohama, Japan, 13-19 July, 2014
Available from: 2014-12-19 Created: 2014-12-19 Last updated: 2014-12-22Bibliographically approved
Tarasova, E. (2014). Book Review: Russia's Arctic Strategies and the Future of the Far North [Review]. Europe-Asia Studies, 66(10), 1737-1738
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Book Review: Russia's Arctic Strategies and the Future of the Far North
2014 (English)In: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 66, no 10, p. 1737-1738Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-25419 (URN)10.1080/09668136.2014.970016 (DOI)000344554500008 ()
Available from: 2014-12-22 Created: 2014-12-08 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Tarasova, E. (2014). Comparing social movements in democratic and hybrid regimes: the methodological contribution of discursive opportunities. In: On conference website: . Paper presented at 11th ISTR International Conference, Munster, July 22-25, 2014.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparing social movements in democratic and hybrid regimes: the methodological contribution of discursive opportunities
2014 (English)In: On conference website, 2014Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-25590 (URN)
Conference
11th ISTR International Conference, Munster, July 22-25, 2014
Available from: 2014-12-19 Created: 2014-12-19 Last updated: 2014-12-22Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3095-0790

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