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Remling, Elise
Publications (10 of 11) Show all publications
Remling, E. (2020). Migration as climate adaptation? Exploring discourses amongst development actors in the Pacific Island region. Regional Environmental Change, 20(1), Article ID 3.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Migration as climate adaptation? Exploring discourses amongst development actors in the Pacific Island region
2020 (English)In: Regional Environmental Change, ISSN 1436-3798, E-ISSN 1436-378X, Vol. 20, no 1, article id 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates the perspectives of a set of actors devoted to development in the Pacific on climate change, migration, and adaptation. While much of the debate over climate and migration is centred around the Small Island Developing States in the Pacific, little is known about how the debate is articulated at that regional level. Drawing on poststructuralist discourse theory and using semi-structured interviews with a set of development actors working in the region, the paper discerns three distinctive discourses on climate and migration. These are (1) a main discourse that promotes international labour migration as an adaptation response and two alternative discourses that challenge the main discourse’s views, by suggesting (2) that migration is of marginal importance and engagement with socio-economic factors that influence Pacific Islands' vulnerability is more pressing, and (3) that out-migration is undesirable but that communities may have to be relocated within their countries. The paper further explores why the discourse on labour migration may have emerged and why it is being perpetuated by actors that originate outside the Pacific region. The paper concludes by suggesting that significant differentials in economic and political resources exist between the main discourse and the alternative discourses. In addition to these empirical insights, the paper adds new findings to the growing literature on the politics of climate migration discourses. Unlike earlier work that identifies a shift from an alarmist to an optimist framing, it illustrates that both alarmist and optimistic imaginaries operate simultaneously in the discourse on labour migration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2020
Keywords
Climate change adaptation, Development discourse, Migration, Pacific Islands, Poststructuralist discourse theory, Qualitative discourse analysis
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-40201 (URN)10.1007/s10113-020-01583-z (DOI)000512205600001 ()2-s2.0-85078822166 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-02-14 Created: 2020-02-14 Last updated: 2020-02-28Bibliographically approved
Remling, E. (2018). Depoliticizing adaptation: a critical analysis of EU climate adaptation policy. Environmental Politics, 27(3), 477-497
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Depoliticizing adaptation: a critical analysis of EU climate adaptation policy
2018 (English)In: Environmental Politics, ISSN 0964-4016, E-ISSN 1743-8934, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 477-497Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The ways in which climate adaptation is understood in the European Union is examined via three key policy documents: the Strategy on adaptation and the Green and White Papers that preceded it. Drawing on Poststructuralist Discourse Theory, light is shed on the implicit values and assumptions that underpin this recent policy initiative. The findings demonstrate a tension between the declared ambition to act on adaptation and implicit suggestions that nothing really has to change, and the challenge can be addressed by market and technological innovations, and by mainstreaming adaptation into existing sectoral policies. The policy discourse effectively serves to depoliticize choices societies make in response to climate change, presenting adaptation as a non-political issue. Insight into European adaptation discourse enables deeper understanding of recent policy developments and opens up possible entry points for critique.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
Climate change adaptation, European Union, Poststructuralist Discourse Theory, Logics of Critical Explanation, depoliticization, policy discourse
National Category
Political Science Human Geography
Research subject
Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34443 (URN)10.1080/09644016.2018.1429207 (DOI)000427941200005 ()2-s2.0-85040980483 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-01-30 Created: 2018-01-30 Last updated: 2020-03-30Bibliographically approved
Atteridge, A. & Remling, E. (2018). Is adaptation reducing vulnerability or redistributing it?. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 9(1), Article ID e500.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is adaptation reducing vulnerability or redistributing it?
2018 (English)In: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, ISSN 1757-7780, E-ISSN 1757-7799, Vol. 9, no 1, article id e500Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As globalization and other pressures intensify the economic, social and biophysical connections between people and places, it seems likely that adaptation responses intended to ameliorate the impacts of climate change might end up shifting risks and vulnerability between people and places. Building on earlier conceptual work in maladaptation and other literature, this article explores the extent to which concerns about vulnerability redistribution have influenced different realms of adaptation practice. The review leads us to conclude that the potential for adaptation to redistribute risk or vulnerability is being given only sparse—and typically superficial—attention by practitioners. Concerns about ‘maladaptation’, and occasionally vulnerability redistribution specifically, are mentioned on the margins but do not significantly influence the way adaptation choices are made or evaluated by policy makers, project planners or international funds. In research, the conceptual work on maladaptation is yet to translate into a significant body of empirical literature on the distributional impacts of real-world adaptation activities, which we argue calls into question our current knowledge base about adaptation. These gaps are troubling, because a process of cascading adaptation endeavors globally seems likely to eventually re-distribute risks or vulnerabilities to communities that are already marginalized and vulnerable. We conclude by discussing the implications that the potential for vulnerability redistribution might have for the governance of adaptation processes, and offer some reflections on how research might contribute to addressing gaps in knowledge and in practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
National Category
Human Geography Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33637 (URN)10.1002/wcc.500 (DOI)000418557000008 ()2-s2.0-85032284826 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-10-26 Created: 2017-10-26 Last updated: 2020-03-23Bibliographically approved
Remling, E. (2017). Logics, assumptions and genre chains: a framework for poststructuralist policy analysis. Critical Discourse Studies, 5(1), 1-18
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Logics, assumptions and genre chains: a framework for poststructuralist policy analysis
2017 (English)In: Critical Discourse Studies, ISSN 1740-5904, E-ISSN 1740-5912, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An unresolved aspect of the Logics Approach within Poststructuralist Discourse Theory (PDT) is how to operationalize its abstract theoretical concepts – of social, political and fantasmatic logics – for concrete textual analysis, especially of policy documents. Policies often institute new understandings, procedures or practices, something the logics, as originally articulated, fall somewhat short of capturing. To overcome these methodological challenges this article constructs a framework for poststructuralist policy analysis that brings together the Logics Approach with more textually oriented tools developed within Critical Discourse Analysis, namely assumptions and genre chains. For empirical illustration it draws on a case study of the European Union's adaptation policy in response to climate change. The resulting framework offers a means through which more implicit social and political logics can be examined, and contributes new insights to methodological debates around the use of the Logics Approach (and PDT more broadly), specifically in relation to critical policy analysis. The article concludes with seven observations of relevance for future studies and suggests avenues for further empirical and conceptual exploration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Discursive policy analysis, policy discourse, poststructuralist discourse theory, logics of critical explanation, critical discourse analysis, discourse analysis methodology, climate change adaptation, European Union
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Human Geography Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Environmental Studies; Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33531 (URN)10.1080/17405904.2017.1382382 (DOI)000428760900002 ()2-s2.0-85030154368 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-10-03 Created: 2017-10-03 Last updated: 2020-04-06Bibliographically approved
Remling, E. & Veitayaki, J. (2016). Community-based action in Fiji’s Gau Island: a model for the Pacific?. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, 8(3), 375-398
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Community-based action in Fiji’s Gau Island: a model for the Pacific?
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, ISSN 1756-8692, E-ISSN 1756-8706, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 375-398Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – Drawing on qualitative fieldwork on a remote outer island in Fiji, this paper aims to address a shortcoming in the literature on climate adaptation in the Pacific. Internationally community-based adaptation (CBA) is recognised as a promising approach to help vulnerable populations adjust to climate change. However, with pilot projects in their infancy documented experience for Pacific Islands remains scarce. This limits the ability of the region – faced with persisting development challenges and predicted significant climate impacts – to learn from and build on previous experiences and develop robust responses to climate change.

Design/methodology/approach – By using a community-based initiative in response to environmental challenges and unsustainable development as a proxy, the paper interrogates the potential usefulness of the CBA framework for the Pacific and identifies potential strengths and weaknesses. Sketching out the process and its outcomes, it shows how the initiative has resulted in a diversity of strategies, ranging from pollution control measures, to improved governance of resources and community participation in decision making, to livelihood and income diversification.

Findings – Findings indicate that CBA could have a lot of potential for building more resilient communities in the face of climate change and other pressures associated with modernising Pacific societies. However, to be effective, interventions should pay attention to people’s development aspirations; immediate economic, social and environmental benefits; dynamics of village governance, social rules and protocols; and traditional forms of knowledge that can inform sustainable solutions.

Originality/value – The conclusions provide a reflection on the CBA framework in general and make concrete suggestions for practitioners on how the framework could be usefully implemented in the Pacific context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2016
Keywords
Development, Climate change adaptation, Community-based adaptation, Pacific, Fiji, Vulnerability
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Other research area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-30045 (URN)10.1108/IJCCSM-07-2015-0101 (DOI)000379773400004 ()2-s2.0-84971556239 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-05-26 Created: 2016-05-26 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Remling, E. & Persson, Å. (2015). Who is adaptation for? Vulnerability and adaptation benefits in proposals approved by the UNFCCC Adaptation Fund. Climate and Development, 7(1), 16-34
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Who is adaptation for? Vulnerability and adaptation benefits in proposals approved by the UNFCCC Adaptation Fund
2015 (English)In: Climate and Development, ISSN 1756-5529, E-ISSN 1756-5537, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 16-34Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Since the Adaptation Fund (AF) became operational in 2007, there has been a vivid discussion about equity and efficiency in how resources (predicted to be scarce) are governed and allocated. One complicating factor is that allocation is often discussed between countries rather than between sub-national causes and groups, and while this approach follows from the UNFCCC context, it is problematic because it ignores the fact that vulnerability is a locally contextualized phenomenon. This paper empirically analyses the portrayal of vulnerability and adaptation benefits in project proposals approved by the AF, and thereby comments on the normative principles of equity and efficiency when allocating funds to developing countries and their vulnerable communities. It does this by evaluating actual decisions made by the AF, which has been operating for some time. We qualitatively analyse all proposals approved as of December 2012 by the Fund's Board. First, we compare the ways that ‘particular vulnerability’ is justified or not, especially in light of the minimal guidance available. Second, we compare project proponent's statements (or lack thereof) on economic, social, and environmental benefits arising from the suggested projects, and who they would accrue to. Lessons learned with regard to allocation will also be important for the development of the Green Climate Fund, considering that resources are likely to be scarce for some time in comparison with predicted funding needs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2015
Keywords
Adaptation Fund, climate finance, allocation, equity, efficiency, vulnerability
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-24991 (URN)10.1080/17565529.2014.886992 (DOI)000346261300002 ()2-s2.0-84918812008 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-10-09 Created: 2014-10-09 Last updated: 2018-07-05Bibliographically approved
Persson, Å. & Remling, E. (2014). Equity and efficiency in adaptation finance: initial experiences of the Adaptation Fund. Climate Policy, 14(4), 488-506
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Equity and efficiency in adaptation finance: initial experiences of the Adaptation Fund
2014 (English)In: Climate Policy, ISSN 1469-3062, E-ISSN 1752-7457, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 488-506Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Adaptation Fund, established under the Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), has now been approving funding for adaptation projects for more than two years. Given its particular institutional status and specific focus on concrete adaptation, it is particularly relevant to study the initial experiences of it for any future upscaling of international adaptation finance, despite the fact that its own resources are getting scarce. Alternative rationales for allocating funds, based on equity and efficiency concerns at both international and subnational levels, are here tested against the criteria and priorities of the Fund and decisions made on project approval. It is concluded that equity concerns appear to be the primary motivation and that allocation is de facto made between states rather than by considering inequity between subnational communities. However, the currency of vulnerability for determining equitable outcomes in allocation decisions has not been formalized, despite its central importance to the Fund. Instead, uniform national caps have been introduced. Such an equality approach can be considered inequitable. Finally, it is noted that although the Adaptation Fund Board has continuously developed its proposal review practices and adopted a learning-by-doing approach, it should provide both a further specification of the evaluation criteria and a compilation of best practices from approved proposals, and moreover enhance the transparency of the review process, all of which would clarify its core priorities for current and future project proponents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2014
Keywords
adaptation, adaptation finance, economic efficiency, equity, vulnerability assessment
National Category
Economic Geography
Research subject
Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-24990 (URN)10.1080/14693062.2013.879514 (DOI)000338026500003 ()2-s2.0-84903463038 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-10-09 Created: 2014-10-09 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Carson, M., Johannessen, Å., Beyene, A., Remling, E., Ruben, C. & Peter, S. (2013). Institutionalising gender equality in disaster risk reduction: DRR challenges and impacts on women and men, girls and boys in the context of a changing climate. Stockholm, Sweden: Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Institutionalising gender equality in disaster risk reduction: DRR challenges and impacts on women and men, girls and boys in the context of a changing climate
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2013 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

While MSB has many years of experience of implementing environmental and gender perspectives in its humanitarian work; disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation present a different set of opportunities and challenges. Thesefurther emphasise the inclusion of a social change component that overlaps somewhat with more conventional development work. MSB commissioned the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) to prepare this report, noting that women and men (as well as girls and boys) are affected differently by: i) the impacts of climate change, ii) efforts related to climate change adaptation (CCA), and iii) disaster risk reduction (DRR).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm, Sweden: Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB), 2013. p. 110
Keywords
humanitarian work; disaster risk reduction (DRR); climate change adaptation; gender
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Gender Studies Civil Engineering
Research subject
Other research area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-26902 (URN)978-91-7383-399-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-04-16 Created: 2015-04-16 Last updated: 2015-04-16Bibliographically approved
Atteridge, A. & Remling, E. (2013). The indirect effects of adaptation: Pathways for vulnerability redistribution in the Colombian coffee sector. Stockholm: Stockholm Environment Institute
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The indirect effects of adaptation: Pathways for vulnerability redistribution in the Colombian coffee sector
2013 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the possibility that measures taken to bolster livelihoods and adapt to climate change in one place could increase vulnerability elsewhere. In a world characterized by increasingly complex economic, social and biophysical interconnections, vulnerability redistribution may in fact represent the norm rather than an exception. We examine the literature on globalization, development and adaptation to understand how adaptation interventions might create indirect effects that undermine the livelihoods of other people, and how we might predict and/or measure such indirect effects. We then propose a framework that practitioners could use to analyse planned adaptation interventions – specifically, those focused on strengthening livelihoods – in order to identify potential indirect impacts. We apply the framework to a case study of Colombia’s coffee sector, and find several examples of how, because of the connections between farmers in Colombia, and the global nature of the coffee market, adaptation actions within Colombia and abroad could redistribute vulnerability. Finally, we discuss how these insights might inform decisions by adaptation and development practitioners, and suggest areas for further research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholm Environment Institute, 2013. p. 36
Series
SEI Working Paper ; 2013-10
Keywords
vulnerability, adaptation, risk transfer, coffee, Colombia
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-24992 (URN)
Available from: 2014-10-09 Created: 2014-10-09 Last updated: 2014-10-10Bibliographically approved
Scheffran, J. & Remling, E. (2013). The social dimensions of human security under a changing climate. In: Michael R. Redclift and Marco Grasso (Ed.), Handbook on Climate Change and Human Security: (pp. 137-163). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The social dimensions of human security under a changing climate
2013 (English)In: Handbook on Climate Change and Human Security / [ed] Michael R. Redclift and Marco Grasso, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013, p. 137-163Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013
Series
Elgar original reference
Keywords
climate change, human security, vulnerability, adaptation, adaptive capacity, livelihoods
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-25014 (URN)9780857939104 (ISBN)9780857939111 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-10-14 Created: 2014-10-14 Last updated: 2014-10-24Bibliographically approved
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