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Gustavsson Tingvall, PatrikORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9542-9106
Publications (10 of 23) Show all publications
Gustavsson Tingvall, P. & Videnord, J. (2018). Regional differences in effects of publicly sponsored R&D grants on SME performance. Small Business Economics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regional differences in effects of publicly sponsored R&D grants on SME performance
2018 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper explores regional variation in the effects of publicly sponsored R&D grants on SME performance. The results suggest that there is no guarantee that the grants will impact firm growth, either positive or negative. Positive growth effects are most likely to be found for publicly sponsored R&D grants targeting SMEs located in regions abundant with skilled labor, whereas the opposite is found for SMEs located in regions with a limited supply of skilled labor.

Keywords
Economic growth, R&D grants, Regional growth, Selective policies, SME
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36381 (URN)10.1007/s11187-018-0085-6 (DOI)2-s2.0-85052624187 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Retail and Wholesale Development CouncilSwedish Competition AuthorityThe Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Available from: 2018-09-14 Created: 2018-09-14 Last updated: 2018-11-19Bibliographically approved
Söderlund, B. & Gustavsson Tingvall, P. (2017). Capital Freedom, Financial Development and Provincial Economic Growth in China. The World Economy, 40(4), 764-787
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Capital Freedom, Financial Development and Provincial Economic Growth in China
2017 (English)In: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 40, no 4, p. 764-787Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

For more than three decades, China has managed to combine rapid economic growth with a strictly regulated financial sector. The discrepancy between economic and financial development has raised the question of whether China might be an exception to the so-called finance-growth nexus. This study examines the relationship between finance and growth at the provincial level in China using a new set of measures of capital freedom and financial development. The results indicate that capital freedom and financial development are associated with both higher income and growth rates. In particular, we find that the marketisation of financial institutions and strengthening of legal and government institutions have a particularly strong impact on income and growth in low-income provinces.

National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-30635 (URN)10.1111/twec.12391 (DOI)000400643900006 ()2-s2.0-84963642297 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-07-19 Created: 2016-07-18 Last updated: 2018-04-05Bibliographically approved
Daunfeldt, S.-O., Gustavsson Tingvall, P. & Halvarsson, D. (2016). Statliga innovationsstöd till små och medelstora företag: har de någon effekt?. Ekonomisk Debatt, 44(1), 6-19
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Statliga innovationsstöd till små och medelstora företag: har de någon effekt?
2016 (Swedish)In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 6-19Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Vi har under de senaste åren sett ett allt större intresse för innovationsdriven tillväxt. Några exempel på denna trend utgörs av EU:s tillväxtstrategi för perioden 2012-2020 (the Europe 2020 Strategy) där innovationer identifieras som nyckeln till framtida hållbar tillväxt. Ökade insatser på FoU förväntas leda till fler innovationer, stärkt konkurrenskraft, grönare tillväxt och även stärkt tålighet mot problemen som orsakats av finanskrisen (European Commission, 2013).

 Tanken på innovationsdriven tillväxt finns även i Sverige och det blir alltmer vanligt att beslutsfattare och forskare föreslår en mer aktiv roll för staten när det gäller att stimulera innovationer och företagstillväxt och ett vanligt förekoomande instrument är olika typer av direkt stöd riktat mot innovativ verksamhet.

I syfte att studera om denna inriktning har ett empiriskt stöd analyserar vi effekterna av två selektiva företagsstöd, VINN NU och Forska & Väx, som båda riktas mot innovativa små och medelstora företag i Sverige. Den kontrafaktiska effektutvärderingen är möjlig genom tillgång till en unik mikrodatabas över utbetalda företagsstöd. Resultaten indikerar inga statistiskt säkerställda effekter av stöden på antal anställda, arbetskraftsproduktiviteten, omsättningstillväxten, andelen högutbildade arbetstagare eller andelen forskare efter det att stödperioden upphört. Vi finner således inget stöd för att riktade stöd till innovationsbenägna små – och mellanstora företag är en effektiv politik för att få fler växande företag.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nationalekonomiska föreningen, 2016
Keywords
Företagsstöd; Ekonomisk Tillväxt
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28412 (URN)
Available from: 2015-09-28 Created: 2015-09-28 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Ljungwall, C. & Gustavsson Tingvall, P. (2015). Is China Different? A Meta-Analysis of the Growth-enhancing Effect from R&D Spending in China. China economic review, 36, 272-278
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is China Different? A Meta-Analysis of the Growth-enhancing Effect from R&D Spending in China
2015 (English)In: China economic review, ISSN 1043-951X, E-ISSN 1873-7781, Vol. 36, p. 11p. 272-278Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper we examine whether China has benefited more from spending on R&D than other countries by conducting a meta-analysis of the relevant literature on a large number of countries at different stages of economic development. The results suggest that the growth-enhancing effect of R&D spending in China has been significantly weaker than that of other countries. It is thus unlikely that R&D spending has been successful as a key contributing factor to economic growth in China.

Publisher
p. 11
Keywords
meta-analysis; R&D; economic growth; China
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28460 (URN)10.1016/j.chieco.2015.10.001 (DOI)000366342500017 ()2-s2.0-84945313093 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-10-08 Created: 2015-10-08 Last updated: 2018-04-05Bibliographically approved
Karpaty, P. & Gustavsson Tingvall, P. (2015). Offshoring and Home Country R&D. The World Economy, 38(4), 655-676
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Offshoring and Home Country R&D
2015 (English)In: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 655-676Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

National concerns are sometimes raised against offshoring of economic activities to other countries. While most of the existing literature has focused on the effects on labor demand and productivity the effects on domestic R&D have been neglected. This is unfortunate since the decision to offshore activities also includes R&D. We use unique and rich firm level data for the Swedish manufacturing sector to analyze how offshoring impacts domestic R&D and how these effects vary with respect to target region and type of firm. The results suggest that offshoring of production alter a firm’s investments in R&D in Sweden and that a negative impact on home country R&D is confined to offshoring by non-multinationals and offshoring to Europe and EU15 countries.

Keywords
Offshoring; R&D; Manufacturing sector; EU15
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-24603 (URN)10.1111/twec.12226 (DOI)2-s2.0-84927783851 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-09-17 Created: 2014-09-17 Last updated: 2018-07-05Bibliographically approved
Karpaty, P. & Gustavsson Tingvall, P. (2015). Service offshoring and corruption: Do Firms Escape Corrupt Countries?. Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, 15(4), 363-381
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Service offshoring and corruption: Do Firms Escape Corrupt Countries?
2015 (English)In: Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, ISSN 1566-1679, E-ISSN 1573-7012, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 363-381Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We analyze how service offshoring by Swedish firms is affected by corruption in source countries. The results suggest that firms avoid corrupt countries and that corruption reduces the volume of service offshoring. Analyzing firm heterogeneity, we find that large and internationalized firms are the ones that are the most sensitive to corruption. In addition, sensitivity to corruption tends to increase with falling income in source countries. These results suggest that the gains from reduced corruption may be the greatest for poor countries. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer: , 2015
Keywords
Corruption; Services; Offshoring; Gravity model; Firm level data
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28411 (URN)10.1007/s10842-015-0197-5 (DOI)000442796600004 ()2-s2.0-84957940732 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-09-28 Created: 2015-09-28 Last updated: 2018-09-25Bibliographically approved
Heyman, F. & Gustavsson Tingvall, P. (2015). The Dynamics of Offshoring and Institutions. The B.E. Journals in Economic Analysis & Policy, 15(4), 1975-2016
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Dynamics of Offshoring and Institutions
2015 (English)In: The B.E. Journals in Economic Analysis & Policy, ISSN 1935-1682, E-ISSN 1935-1682, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 1975-2016Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research has found that weak institutions can hamper investment and alter patterns of trade. However, little is known about the impact of institutional quality on offshoring. This lack of knowledge is surprising, given that offshoring has become an important part of many firms’ internationalization strategies. This study uses detailed firm-level data for the period 1997-2005 to examine the relationship between institutional quality in 113 source countries and offshoring by Swedish firms. The results suggest that weak institutions are negatively related to offshoring in general and to offshoring of R&D- and relationship specificity-intensive inputs in particular. Analysis of learning effects suggests that the impact of weak institutions on offshoring of relationship specificity-intensive inputs vanish when firms return to countries from which they have previous market experience. Our results are robust to various measures of institutional quality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
De Gruyter: , 2015
Keywords
Offshoring; Institutions; Firm-level data
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28408 (URN)10.1515/bejeap-2014-0073 (DOI)000368087600016 ()2-s2.0-84943768230 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-09-28 Created: 2015-09-28 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Kokko, A., Gustavsson Tingvall, P. & Videnord, J. (2015). The Growth Effects of R&D Spending in the EU: A Meta-Analysis. Stockholm: Ratio instiute
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Growth Effects of R&D Spending in the EU: A Meta-Analysis
2015 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this paper we conduct a meta-analysis to examine the link between R&D spending and economic growth in the EU and other regions. The results suggest that the growth-enhancing effect of R&D in the EU15 countries does not differ from that in other countries in general, but it is less significant than that for other industrialized countries. A closer inspection of the data reveals that the weak results for the EU15 stem from comparisons with the US – the US has been able to generate a stronger growth response from its R&D spending. Possible explanations for the US advantage include higher private sector investment in R&D and stronger public-private sector linkages than in the EU. Hence, to reduce the “innovation gap” vis-à-vis the US, it may not be enough for the EU to raise the share of R&D expenditures in GDP: continuous improvements in the European innovation system will also be needed, with focus on areas like private sector R&D and public-private sector linkages.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Ratio instiute, 2015. p. 25
Series
Ratio Working Paper ; 254
Keywords
meta-analysis; R&D; European Union; EU15; USA; Economic Growth
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-27348 (URN)
Available from: 2015-05-06 Created: 2015-05-06 Last updated: 2017-05-31Bibliographically approved
Kokko, A., Gustavsson Tingvall, P. & Videnord, J. (2015). The Growth Effects of R&D Spending in the EU: A Meta-Analysis. Economics, 9, Article ID 2015-40.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Growth Effects of R&D Spending in the EU: A Meta-Analysis
2015 (English)In: Economics, ISSN 1864-6042, E-ISSN 1864-6042, Vol. 9, article id 2015-40Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper the authors conduct a meta-analysis to examine the link between R&D spending and economic growth in the EU and other regions. The results suggest that the growth-enhancing effect of R&D in the EU15 countries does not differ from that in other countries in general, but it is less significant than that for other industrialized countries. A closer inspection of the data reveals that the weak results for the EU15 stem from comparisons with the US – the US has been able to generate a stronger growth response from its R&D spending. Possible explanations for the US advantage include higher private sector investment in R&D and stronger public-private sector linkages than in the EU. Hence, to reduce the “innovation gap” vis-à-vis the US, it may not be enough for the EU to raise the share of R&D expenditures in GDP: continuous improvements in the European innovation system will also be needed, with focus on areas like private sector R&D and public-private sector linkages.

Keywords
meta-analysis; R&D; European Union; EU15; USA; Economic Growth
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28685 (URN)10.5018/economics-ejournal.ja.2015-40 (DOI)000366557400001 ()2-s2.0-84952837973 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-11-06 Created: 2015-11-06 Last updated: 2018-04-05Bibliographically approved
Kokko, A. & Gustavsson Tingvall, P. (2014). Distance, Transaction Costs, and Preferences in European Trade. The international trade journal, 28(2), 87-120
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Distance, Transaction Costs, and Preferences in European Trade
2014 (English)In: The international trade journal, ISSN 0885-3908, E-ISSN 1521-0545, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 87-120Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Beckerman (1956) and Linder (1961) have suggested that international trade is not determined by supply-side factors alone—perceptions about foreign countries and country preferences matter. We explore the relation between exports, cultural distance, and country preferences in Europe. The results show that several distance and preference-related variables, based on Hofstede’s cultural dimensions, income gaps, and voting patterns in the Eurovision Song Contest, are significantly related to bilateral trade. We conclude that cultural distance and preferences influence trade through several channels, both indirectly through transaction costs and more directly, as countries seem to prefer some trade partners before others.

National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-24604 (URN)10.1080/08853908.2013.830941 (DOI)2-s2.0-84897976245 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-09-17 Created: 2014-09-17 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9542-9106

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