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Malling, Milda, DoktorandORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5439-0839
Publikationer (6 of 6) Visa alla publikationer
Malling, M. (2023). Reconstructing the Informal and Invisible: Interactions Between Journalists and Political Sources in Two Countries. Journalism Practice, 17(4), 683-703
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Reconstructing the Informal and Invisible: Interactions Between Journalists and Political Sources in Two Countries
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 17, nr 4, s. 683-703Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

A significant part of the interaction between journalists and their sources in political journalism is informal or not mentioned in the media content. Visibility/invisibility and formality/informality are tactical choices applied by journalists and sources. They influence agenda building in the short term and shared interpretations that dominate the public sphere in the long term.However, the extent to which informal and/or invisible sources participate, what their role is, and why have not been consistently measured. This paper offers a matrix model to map and compare the usage of formal/informal and visible/invisible interactions between journalists and their sources. The data consists of 475 journalist-source interactions in Lithuania and Sweden reconstructed by 33 political journalists.The results demonstrate how different interactions presuppose different source roles in the news process. Formal invisible sources act as gatekeepers, and informal invisible sources act as agenda setters.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Nyckelord
Agenda building, informal interaction, journalist-source relationships, news sources, political journalism, reconstruction interviews, unattributed sources
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-45475 (URN)10.1080/17512786.2021.1930571 (DOI)000654766700001 ()2-s2.0-85106470056 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen, 19/2013
Tillgänglig från: 2021-05-31 Skapad: 2021-05-31 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-06-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Malling, M. (2021). Sources that Trigger the News: Multiplexity of Social Ties in News Discovery. Journalism Studies, 22(10), 1298-1316
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Sources that Trigger the News: Multiplexity of Social Ties in News Discovery
2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 22, nr 10, s. 1298-1316Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The study explores how the content of the social ties between journalists and their sources, and the multiplexity of the ties in particular, is reflected in the news discovery practices in the political beat. Some of the news ideas come from publicly available channels while others derive from journalists' unique networks of social contacts (often to some degree informal). The sources connected to journalists via single vs. multiplex social ties achieve a discursive power (Jungerr et al. 2019) in different ways. The study is based on reconstructed news discovery situations (n = 162) from two different political journalism environments: Lithuania and Sweden, and combines quantitative and qualitative questions. First, it measures the prevalence of the multiplex social ties between journalists and the sources. Second, it analyzes how the multiplexity of these ties is reflected in the process of the news discovery and, third, the outcome-the news content. The results show that the prevalence of multiplex social ties, and the social network behind them, is reflected in what news journalists can access and select as newsworthy. Process-wise, multiplex social ties work as a shortcut but require a balance between maintaining the access to the network and distance to the source.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2021
Nationell ämneskategori
Medievetenskap
Forskningsämne
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-46216 (URN)10.1080/1461670X.2021.1951331 (DOI)000674075300001 ()2-s2.0-85110905985 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen, 19/2013
Tillgänglig från: 2021-08-18 Skapad: 2021-08-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-11-03Bibliografiskt granskad
Malling, M. (2020). Walk Not Only Under the Street Light: Episodes of PhD Supervision froma Student’s Perspective. In: Ester Appelgren & Andreas Widholm (Ed.), Mellan det hyperlokala och globala: Journalistikens förändringar och utmaningar i en digital tid: Vänbok till Gunnar Nygren (pp. 157-162). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Walk Not Only Under the Street Light: Episodes of PhD Supervision froma Student’s Perspective
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Mellan det hyperlokala och globala: Journalistikens förändringar och utmaningar i en digital tid: Vänbok till Gunnar Nygren / [ed] Ester Appelgren & Andreas Widholm, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, s. 157-162Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-41004 (URN)978-91-88663-96-2 (ISBN)978-91-88663-97-9 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-06-15 Skapad: 2020-06-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-05-28Bibliografiskt granskad
Balčytienė, A. & Malling, M. (2019). Lithuania: Media-politics interaction shaped by benefits-oriented reasoning. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 5-74). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Lithuania: Media-politics interaction shaped by benefits-oriented reasoning
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, s. 5-74Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This chapter discusses how media and political information sources navigate change and adjust their needs-oriented behaviour to changing conditions. The results presented are based on 20 qualitative interviews with leading political journalists as well as government advisors and spokespersons in Lithuania. Although media and political sources gain power in different situations, both sides function in reciprocal interconnectedness. Formal contacts are quite consistent and professionalised, but they continue to work in the shadow of informal social networks, which create their own power relationships, dynamics and hierarchical structures. Though the findings are contextually fashioned, the views regarding the interaction indicate broader trends of communication professionalisation identified also in other cultures and political conditions.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
Nyckelord
political journalism, government relations, political culture, democratisation, professionalisation, Lithuania
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38477 (URN)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-06-25 Skapad: 2019-06-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-05-28Bibliografiskt granskad
Malling, M. (2019). Power and exchange in formal and informal interaction between journalists and their sources. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 175-195). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Power and exchange in formal and informal interaction between journalists and their sources
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, s. 175-195Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This chapter sets out to answer a number of questions concerning the relationship between media and political executives in political communication, centring on how the exchange and power balance between journalists and their political sources differ depending on whether the interaction is formal or informal. The results are based on 43 qualitative interviews with journalists who cover national politics and governmental press advisors in Lithuania and Sweden. The findings indicate that formal interaction is advantageous for professional sources in agenda-based news. In non-agenda news and in times of political conflict, journalists as well as some political sources prefer informal interaction. While top political leaders and their press advisors are most often isolated from informal interactions, other political sources might gain from communicating informally. Finally, the results show that media–source exchange in informal relationships reaches beyond “information in exchange for publicity” and that informal relationships allow participants to step outside their traditional professional roles.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
Nyckelord
journalist-source relations, interaction, informality, professionalisation, political communication, exchange
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap Statsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38475 (URN)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-06-25 Skapad: 2019-06-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-05-28Bibliografiskt granskad
Johansson, K. M., Malling, M. & Nygren, G. (2019). Sweden: A professionally symbiotic relationship. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 97-123). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Sweden: A professionally symbiotic relationship
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, s. 97-123Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This chapter explores political executive-media relations in Sweden, with a particular focus on professional day-to-day relationships and habits. The analysis is mainly based on extensive interviews with journalists and government press secretaries, and it establishes the routinisation at work, as well as the professionalisation. The exchanges between journalists and their sources appear to be close but with recognition of each other’s professional roles. Media developments influence the relationship, and the downsizing of newsrooms, multi-platform production 24/7 and increased competition for unique news have made journalists more dependent on available sources. At the same time, professionalisation of government communication makes news management more efficient and has centralising effects on executive systems. Together these trends shift the balance between journalists and their political sources in favour of the latter. The presented findings have important implications for research on journalism, media and political executives.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019
Nyckelord
political communication, political journalism, professionalisation, mediatisation, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37451 (URN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Lokalt ID)978-91-88855-06-0 (ISBN)978-91-88855-07-7 (ISBN)1296/3.1.1/2013 (Arkivnummer)1296/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen, 19/2013
Tillgänglig från: 2019-01-28 Skapad: 2019-01-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-05-28Bibliografiskt granskad
Projekt
Symbiotic leader-media relations? Exploring interaction between prime ministers and the media in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden [19/2013_OSS]; Södertörns högskola; Publikationer
Johansson, K. M. & Raunio, T. (2023). Government Communication in Finland and Sweden. Baltic Rim Economies (3), 7-7Malling, M. (2023). Reconstructing the Informal and Invisible: Interactions Between Journalists and Political Sources in Two Countries. Journalism Practice, 17(4), 683-703Johansson, E. & Johansson, K. M. (2022). Along the government–media frontier: Press secretaries offline/online. Journal of Public Affairs, 22(S1), Article ID e2759. Johansson, K. M. (2022). The Prime Minister–Media Nexus: Centralization Logic and Application (1ed.). Cham: Palgrave MacmillanMalling, M. (2021). Sources that Trigger the News: Multiplexity of Social Ties in News Discovery. Journalism Studies, 22(10), 1298-1316Johansson, K. M. (2021). Stärker mediemakten regeringsmakten?. Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 123(1), 5-25Johansson, K. M. & Raunio, T. (2020). Centralizing Government Communication? Evidence from Finland and Sweden. Politics and Policy, 48(6), 1138-1160Johansson, K. M. & Nygren, G. (Eds.). (2019). Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (1ed.). Gothenburg: NordicomJohansson, K. M. & Raunio, T. (2019). Government communication in a comparative perspective. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 127-148). Gothenburg: NordicomBalčytienė, A. & Malling, M. (2019). Lithuania: Media-politics interaction shaped by benefits-oriented reasoning. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 5-74). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5439-0839

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