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Eriksson, Johan, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1526-0521
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Eriksson, J. & Newlove-Eriksson, L. (2023). Conceptualizing the European military-civilian-industrial complex: The need for a helicopter perspective. Defence Studies, 3(4), 561-588
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Conceptualizing the European military-civilian-industrial complex: The need for a helicopter perspective
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 3, nr 4, s. 561-588Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

In his 1961 farewell address, US President Eisenhower coined the term “military-industrial complex,” referring to the coalescing of military, industrial, and political interest groups. In contemporary Europe, the military-industrial complex is arguably transforming into a complex with a noteworthy commercial civilian dimension, blurring traditional military and arms-focused understandings of European defence and security. Our emphasis on an added corporate civilian component captures the expansion of defence and security beyond the traditional military domain. Coalescing of industry and politics is observed in Europe, blurring the military-civilian divide, technologically as well as in organization and governance, particularly through public-private partnerships. Eisenhower, himself a decorated WWII general, warned of how the US military-industrial complex could lead to “disastrous use of misplaced power.” Rather than reiterating such a conclusion in the European context, our paper examines how the European military-civilian-industrial complex is emerging, looking at how elite participants shape the public-private structure of the complex, and specifically how policies on dual-use and emerging technologies influence developments in Europe. The focus herein is on novel actors, characteristics, and the European Union and charts out defining conceptual features of the defence and security industry in Europe

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis Group, 2023
Nyckelord
defence industry, military-civilian, emerging technologies, public-private partnerships
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering; Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52809 (URN)10.1080/14702436.2023.2277434 (DOI)2-s2.0-85178922753 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

Funding: EIBURS (European Investment Bank University Research Sponsorship)

Research Project: “JEDI” (Joint Effort for the Defence Industry).

Tillgänglig från: 2023-12-04 Skapad: 2023-12-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-12-21Bibliografiskt granskad
Eriksson, J. (2023). Den nya rymdkapplöpningen: Diktaturer och entreprenörer på frammarsch. Ikaros - Tidskrift om människan och vetenskapen, 9(2), 36-40
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Den nya rymdkapplöpningen: Diktaturer och entreprenörer på frammarsch
2023 (Svenska)Ingår i: Ikaros - Tidskrift om människan och vetenskapen, ISSN 1796-1998, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 36-40Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm)) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Åbo: Ikaros, 2023
Nyckelord
Rymden, USA, Kina, SpaceX, diktaturer, entreprenörer, månen, Mars
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering; Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52025 (URN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen, 65/2017
Tillgänglig från: 2023-07-30 Skapad: 2023-07-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-09-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Eriksson, J. & Newlove-Eriksson, L. M. (2023). Outsourcing the American Space Dream: SpaceX and the Race to the Stars. Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics and Policy, 21(1), 46-62
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Outsourcing the American Space Dream: SpaceX and the Race to the Stars
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics and Policy, ISSN 1477-7622, E-ISSN 1557-2943, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 46-62Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Whereas the rise of private space entrepreneurship is indisputable, we contend that contrary to the “NewSpace” narrative, the development of privately owned and operated human spacefaring does not dispel or fundamentally alter the American space dream, but rather implies continuity of the narrative of America as the dominant global space power, specifically regarding a return to the Moon and with the explicit aim of colonizing Mars. Herein, we analyze the continuity of the American space dream and how it is expressed by public and private space actors, as well as being supported by popular culture, entertainment, and an active space enthusiast community. We maintain that the continuity of the American space dream as a unifying national narrative is facilitated by how private spacefaring is dependent on the U.S. Government’s emphasis on the pivotal role of private space industry for space exploration. This dependent relationship provides incentives for private space entrepreneurs to share and leverage the established American space dream. The continuity of the American space dream is achieved through a prevailing, yet reconfigured, government-industrial complex.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis Group, 2023
Nyckelord
NASA, Space, SpaceX, Musk, American Dream, NewSpace, Public-Private Partnership
Nationell ämneskategori
Studier av offentlig förvaltning
Forskningsämne
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51288 (URN)10.1080/14777622.2023.2196017 (DOI)2-s2.0-85152453643 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen, 65/2017
Tillgänglig från: 2023-04-06 Skapad: 2023-04-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-05-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Giacomello, G. & Eriksson, J. (2023). Rise of the Nerd: Knowledge, Power and International Relations in a Digital World. In: Corneliu Bjola; Markus Kornprobst (Ed.), Digital International Relations: Technology, Agency and Order. London: Routledge
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Rise of the Nerd: Knowledge, Power and International Relations in a Digital World
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Digital International Relations: Technology, Agency and Order / [ed] Corneliu Bjola; Markus Kornprobst, London: Routledge, 2023Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This chapter addresses the rise of the ‘computer nerd’ – a powerful yet under-researched actor in International Relations (IR). Software programmers, algorithm writers, Artificial Intelligence (AI) designers, digital network engineers, computer system administrators and other ‘computer nerds’ have tremendous power in the global information society. These types of experts and epistemic communities design, build, develop, monitor, augment and analyse computer networks, algorithms and ‘Big Data’ upon which contemporary politics, civil society and economies depend. We contend that the computer nerd stereotype – variously anchored to some degree in empirics, reputation and celebration as stereotypes typically are – has significant power in shaping global information society, something which begs scrutiny of this type of actor in IR. The type of expert power maintained by computer nerds is primarily of a system-shaping rather than relational kind. This system-shaping power consists of three subsets of nerd power: ‘design power’ that shapes the digital platforms and applications used by individuals and organisations; ‘connecting power’ that shapes the networks which allow real-time communication and digitalisation of infrastructure; and ‘analytical power’ which controls and produces knowledge of the digital world, including the increasing use of ‘Big Data’.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
London: Routledge, 2023
Serie
Routledge Studies in Conflict, Security and Technology
Nyckelord
Computers, Experts, Nerds, Individual, Agency, Power, Technology, Cyber, Hackers
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52368 (URN)10.4324/9781003437963-5 (DOI)2-s2.0-85174144567 (Scopus ID)9781003437963 (ISBN)9781032571324 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-09-21 Skapad: 2023-09-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-10-26Bibliografiskt granskad
Eriksson, J. & Privalov, R. (2023). Ryssland i rymden: Nostalgi, futurism och stormaktspolitik. Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 125(1), 99-120
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Ryssland i rymden: Nostalgi, futurism och stormaktspolitik
2023 (Svenska)Ingår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 125, nr 1, s. 99-120Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

How is outer space perceived in contemporary Russian politics and popular cul-ture? This question is addressed through an analysis of post-Soviet Russian space policy and Russian popular culture, the latter concerning e.g. space museums, movies and literature. By looking both at Russian space policy (operated mainly through the Russian state corporation Roscosmos) and at expressions in popular culture, a wide plethora of ideas and visions of cosmos and Russia’s place in space is observed. Patterns of continuity and change are observed in both realms, and link-ages between politics and popular culture are noted. Expressions of Soviet nostal-gia exists, but there is also a widespread perception of Russia as a weakened space power, seeking to maintain space exploration capacity rather than to take a global lead. In contemporary popular culture, there is also a new diversity of space visions, ranging from postcolonial critique of Soviet and contemporary Russian space policy to global liberal notions and new imperial visions.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Fahlbeckska stiftelsen, 2023
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning; Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51100 (URN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen, 65/2017
Tillgänglig från: 2023-02-27 Skapad: 2023-02-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-07-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Giacomello, G., Eriksson, J. & Giumelli, F. (2023). Sources of strength: the European defence industry in a disorderly world. Defence Studies, 23(4), 527-530
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Sources of strength: the European defence industry in a disorderly world
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 23, nr 4, s. 527-530Artikel i tidskrift, Editorial material (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm)) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Routledge, 2023
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)
Forskningsämne
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52922 (URN)10.1080/14702436.2023.2285303 (DOI)2-s2.0-85178900643 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

This work was supported by the European Investment Bank [EIBURS-JEDI grant].

Tillgänglig från: 2023-12-22 Skapad: 2023-12-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-12-22Bibliografiskt granskad
Eriksson, J. & Giacomello, G. (2022). Cyberspace in Space: Fragmentation, Vulnerability, and Uncertainty. In: Myriam Dunn Cavelty; Andreas Wenger (Ed.), Cyber Security Politics: Socio-Technological Transformations and Political Fragmentation (pp. 95-107). London: Routledge
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Cyberspace in Space: Fragmentation, Vulnerability, and Uncertainty
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Cyber Security Politics: Socio-Technological Transformations and Political Fragmentation / [ed] Myriam Dunn Cavelty; Andreas Wenger, London: Routledge, 2022, s. 95-107Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

What are the consequences of making cyberspace increasingly reliant on satellites and other types of space infrastructure? And what is the meaning and significance of an interplanetary cyberspace? The chapter addresses these developments specifically concerning infrastructure, militarization, and privatization. The consequences observed are summed up as fragmentation, vulnerability, and uncertainty. Cyberspace in space implies fragmentation in terms of stakeholders and governance, and ultimately in terms of power and accountability. Vulnerability increases as cyberspace becomes satellite-based (space is certainly not a safe environment, and satellites can be attacked by anti-satellite weapons as well as new forms of hacking and denial of service. Uncertainty of is tremendous particularly both in terms of what norms and principles will apply (compare the debate on Internet freedom vs. Internet sovereignty), and whether militarization or civilian and even utopian ideas will prevail.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
London: Routledge, 2022
Serie
CSS Studies in Security and International Relations
Nyckelord
Cyber, Space, Satellites, Internet, Security, Governance
Nationell ämneskategori
Globaliseringsstudier
Forskningsämne
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering; Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-48136 (URN)10.4324/9781003110224-8 (DOI)2-s2.0-85133548425 (Scopus ID)9780367626747 (ISBN)9781003110224 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen, 3011102
Tillgänglig från: 2022-01-17 Skapad: 2022-01-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-11-03Bibliografiskt granskad
Andersson, S., Aylott, N. & Eriksson, J. (2022). Democracy and technocracy in Sweden's Experience of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Frontiers in Political Science, 4, 1-13, Article ID 832518.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Democracy and technocracy in Sweden's Experience of the COVID-19 Pandemic
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Frontiers in Political Science, E-ISSN 2673-3145, Vol. 4, s. 1-13, artikel-id 832518Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Sweden’s management of the coronavirus pandemic, beginning in early 2020, hasbeen much discussed because it deviated from other countries’ equivalents. Set inthe context of scholarly debate about the balance between politicians and experts inpolitical decision-making, we argue that a necessary condition for this case of Swedishexceptionalism was the manner of policy-making adopted by the Swedish authorities. Inthis article, we describe this policy-making procedure, which involved a radical form ofdelegation by elected politicians to appointed experts, and seek to explain how it cameabout. We focus on the 1st year of the pandemic, and use media reports and other publicdocuments, including parts of a public inquiry, as our empirical material.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Frontiers Media S.A., 2022
Nyckelord
Covid-19, Democracy, Expert, Pandemic, Sweden, Policy, Politics
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering; Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-49004 (URN)10.3389/fpos.2022.832518 (DOI)000994948400001 ()2-s2.0-85130699843 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-05-09 Skapad: 2022-05-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Eriksson, J. & Newlove-Eriksson, L. (2022). Outsourcing the American Space Dream?: SpaceX and the Race to the Stars. In: : . Paper presented at International Studies Association, annual conference, Nashville, Tennessee, March 28 - April 2, 2022..
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Outsourcing the American Space Dream?: SpaceX and the Race to the Stars
2022 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Whereas the rise of private space entrepreneurship is indisputable, this paper contends that contrary to the “NewSpace” narrative, the development of privately owned and operated human spacefaring  does not dispel or fundamentally alter the American space dream but rather implies continuity of the narrative of America as the dominant global space power, specifically regarding a return to the Moon and with the explicit aim of colonizing Mars. The present paper analyzes the continuity of the American space dream and how it is expressed by public and private space actors as well as being supported by popular culture, entertainment, and an active space enthusiast community. The paper maintains that the continuity of the American space dream as a unifying national narrative is facilitated by how private spacefaring is heavily dependent on the US government’s emphasis on the pivotal role of private space industry for US-led space exploration. This dependent relationship provides incentives for private space entrepreneurs to share and tap into the established American space dream. The continuity of the American space dream is achieved through a prevailing yet reconfigured government-industrial complex.

Nyckelord
American dream; Artemis; Elon Musk; NASA; Privatization; Public-Private Partnerships; SpaceX
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50567 (URN)
Konferens
International Studies Association, annual conference, Nashville, Tennessee, March 28 - April 2, 2022.
Tillgänglig från: 2023-01-12 Skapad: 2023-01-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-01-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Eriksson, J. & Giacomello, G. (2022). Space and the New Iron Curtain. Crisis Response Journal, 7(3), 84-85
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Space and the New Iron Curtain
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Crisis Response Journal, ISSN 1745-8633, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 84-85Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm)) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Crisis Management Limited, 2022
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan samhällsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering; Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-49868 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-09-08 Skapad: 2022-09-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-09-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Projekt
Russia in Space: Continuity and Change in Russian Space Policy [65/2017_OSS]; Södertörns högskola; Publikationer
Privalov, R. (2023). After Space Utopia: Post-Soviet Russia and Futures in Space. (Doctoral dissertation). Huddinge: Södertörns högskolaEriksson, J. (2023). Den nya rymdkapplöpningen: Diktaturer och entreprenörer på frammarsch. Ikaros - Tidskrift om människan och vetenskapen, 9(2), 36-40Privalov, R. (2023). “It Will Develop With or Without Us”: The NewSpace Politics of Expertise and Advocacy in Post-Soviet Russia. Privalov, R. (2023). Lines of Flight from Space Empire: Political Futures of Global Space Expansionism through Russian Imperial Space Fiction. Eriksson, J. & Newlove-Eriksson, L. M. (2023). Outsourcing the American Space Dream: SpaceX and the Race to the Stars. Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics and Policy, 21(1), 46-62Eriksson, J. & Privalov, R. (2023). Ryssland i rymden: Nostalgi, futurism och stormaktspolitik. Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 125(1), 99-120Eriksson, J. & Giacomello, G. (2022). Cyberspace in Space: Fragmentation, Vulnerability, and Uncertainty. In: Myriam Dunn Cavelty; Andreas Wenger (Ed.), Cyber Security Politics: Socio-Technological Transformations and Political Fragmentation (pp. 95-107). London: RoutledgeEriksson, J. & Newlove-Eriksson, L. (2022). Outsourcing the American Space Dream?: SpaceX and the Race to the Stars. In: : . Paper presented at International Studies Association, annual conference, Nashville, Tennessee, March 28 - April 2, 2022.. Eriksson, J. & Giacomello, G. (2022). Space and the New Iron Curtain. Crisis Response Journal, 7(3), 84-85Privalov, R. (2022). Space nostalgia: the future that is only possible in the past: Why has the Day of Cosmonautics, April 12, never becomea national holiday in Russia?. Baltic Worlds (1-2), 52-56
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1526-0521

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