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Bali Swain, R. & Wallentin, F. Y. (2020). Achieving Sustainable Development Goals: Predicaments and Strategies. International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, 27(2), 96-106
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Achieving Sustainable Development Goals: Predicaments and Strategies
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, ISSN 1350-4509, E-ISSN 1745-2627, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 96-106Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The ambitious United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been criticized for being universal, broadly-framed, inconsistent and difficult to quantify, implement and monitor. We contribute by quantifying and prioritising the SDGs and their impact on sustainable development. We employ structural equation models (SEM) to investigate, which of the underlying pillars of SDGs (economic, social and environment) are the most effective in achieving sustainable development. Our results reveal that the developed countries, benefit most by focusing on social and environmental factors whereas the developing countries, benefit most by retaining their focus on the economic and the social factors.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2020
Nyckelord
Sustainable Development Goals, sustainable development incompatibility, structural equation modeling, factor analysis, UN data revolution.
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39365 (URN)10.1080/13504509.2019.1692316 (DOI)000499044900001 ()2-s2.0-85075762450 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet
Tillgänglig från: 2019-11-09 Skapad: 2019-11-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-02-28Bibliografiskt granskad
Westling, N., Stromberg, P. M. & Bali Swain, R. (2020). Can upstream ecosystems ensure safe drinking water – Insights from Sweden. Ecological Economics, 169, Article ID 106552.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Can upstream ecosystems ensure safe drinking water – Insights from Sweden
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Ecological Economics, ISSN 0921-8009, E-ISSN 1873-6106, Vol. 169, artikel-id 106552Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Clean water is not only the product of expensive treatment technology, but also of upstream ecosystems. Yet, the effect of land use on downstream water quality is poorly understood. We investigate the value of ecosystem water purification as an input to the production of drinking water in Sweden. We employ a recently modified empirical approach, complementing ex-ante modelling. We capture plant operator behaviour, rather than assuming rational individuals that value ecosystem services as a factor in the drinking water production function. The GMM technique is applied to estimate the marginal contributions of different land uses to water quality and chemical costs of treatment plants. The analysis is based on upstream land-use data, raw water quality, and chemical costs for a large share of Sweden’s municipal surface water treatment plants, for the period 2000 to 2012. Our results show that upstream forests lead to lower levels of E. coli (a pathogen associated with disease outbreaks) in downstream water and indicate the same effect on turbidity (not significant). We also find that turbidity increases treatment costs, but the effect of E. coli remains unclear. Consequently, in addition to water treatment equipment, decision-makers should consider investment in upstream ecosystems. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2020
Nyckelord
Drinking water, Ecosystems services, Forests, GIS, Pollution
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39399 (URN)10.1016/j.ecolecon.2019.106552 (DOI)2-s2.0-85075545785 (Scopus ID)
Projekt
cosystem Services Accounting forDevelopment (ESAfD)
Forskningsfinansiär
Sida - Styrelsen för internationellt utvecklingssamarbete
Tillgänglig från: 2019-11-17 Skapad: 2019-11-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-30Bibliografiskt granskad
Bali Swain, R., Blomqvist, B. R. H. & Sumpter, D. J. T. (2020). Last Night in Sweden? Using Gaussian Processes to Study Changing Demographics at the Level of Municipalities. European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 28(1), 46-75
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Last Night in Sweden? Using Gaussian Processes to Study Changing Demographics at the Level of Municipalities
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, ISSN 0928-9569, E-ISSN 1571-8174, Vol. 28, nr 1, s. 46-75Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The increased immigration in Western Europe has been linked by some political parties to increased criminality rates. We study the statistical relationship between the proportion of foreign-born to three types of reported criminality - rapes, burglary, and assault. The analysis is based on Swedish municipality level data for 2002-2014, years with signicant immigration. Using non-parametric Gaussian processes models, we find that while reported rape rates have increased, they are likely best explained by changes in reporting. The reported burglary rates have decreased, while reported assault rates are positively correlated to the proportion of foreign-born residents in the municipality.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Brill Nijhoff, 2020
Nyckelord
Criminality, Demographic shifts, Gaussian processes
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39425 (URN)10.1163/15718174-02801003 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-11-21 Skapad: 2019-11-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-30Bibliografiskt granskad
Bali Swain, R. (2020). Microfinance in the Global South: Examining Evidence on Social Efficacy. In: G. Berik and E. Kongar (Ed.), Handbook of Feminist Economics: . Routledge
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Microfinance in the Global South: Examining Evidence on Social Efficacy
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Handbook of Feminist Economics / [ed] G. Berik and E. Kongar, Routledge, 2020Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Routledge, 2020
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Miljövetenskapliga studier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39071 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-09-29 Skapad: 2019-09-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-06
Bali Swain, R., Khambampati, U. & Karimu, A. (2020). Regulation, governance and the role of the informal sector in influencing environmental quality?. Ecological Economics, 173, Article ID 106649.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Regulation, governance and the role of the informal sector in influencing environmental quality?
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Ecological Economics, ISSN 0921-8009, E-ISSN 1873-6106, Vol. 173, artikel-id 106649Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

We investigate the effect of the informal sector and a range of governance indicators on both global and local pollutants for a panel of 58 countries during 1996-2011. The analysis employs a fixed effects-instrumental variable generalized method of moments approach. We find that the size of the informal sector has a significant impact on environmental quality, which is conditional on the level of economic development. For developing countries, the informal sector has a significant positive impact on local pollutants, whereas for the developed countries the informal sector has a significantly negative effect on global pollutants. The findings also reveal that the impact of governance depends on the type of governance measure, the level of economic development and type of pollutant. Control of corruption emerges as the single most important factor especially in the non-OECD countries in improving environmental quality. We argue that the efficacy of an environmental policy for a country with a large informal sector will be low if the policy measures do not address governance, size of the informal sector and environmental policy targets.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2020
Nyckelord
Environmental quality, Informal sector, Governance
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-40303 (URN)10.1016/j.ecolecon.2020.106649 (DOI)2-s2.0-85081324254 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Forskningsrådet Formas
Tillgänglig från: 2020-03-04 Skapad: 2020-03-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-31Bibliografiskt granskad
Bali Swain, R. & Karimu, A. (2020). Renewable Electricity and Sustainable Development Goals in the EU. World Development, 125, Article ID 104693.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Renewable Electricity and Sustainable Development Goals in the EU
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 125, artikel-id 104693Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Renewable energy (RE) has a strong synergy with some of the sustainable development goals (SDGs), thus its successful deployment can potentially result in an impact on these SDGs. In this study, we examine the synergy effect of renewable electricity on selected SDGs via the electricity prices for the European Union (EU) countries. Using panel data and a two-step estimation approach, our findings indicate a strong synergy effect between renewable electricity prices, SDG 7 (affordable and clean energy) and SDG 8 (decent work and economic growth). The results further reveal that SDG 12 (responsible production and consumption) accounts for most of the future renewable electricity price variation (excluding self-effect), whereas future variation in SDG 7 (affordable and clean energy) and SDG 13 (climate action) are explained mostly by SDG 8 and SDG 12, respectively.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2020
Nyckelord
Electricity price, EU, Renewable energy, Sustainable development goals
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Miljövetenskapliga studier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39070 (URN)10.1016/j.worlddev.2019.104693 (DOI)000496605200021 ()2-s2.0-85073029496 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Energimyndigheten
Tillgänglig från: 2019-09-29 Skapad: 2019-09-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-12-09Bibliografiskt granskad
Rampal, P. & Bali Swain, R. (2019). Food Security, agriculture and malnutrition in India. In: R. Jha (Ed.), Hunger and Malnutrition as major challenges of the 21st Century: (pp. 241-265). Singapore: World Scientific
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Food Security, agriculture and malnutrition in India
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Hunger and Malnutrition as major challenges of the 21st Century / [ed] R. Jha, Singapore: World Scientific, 2019, s. 241-265Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

It is widely recognized that combating malnutrition for women is central not only for their own health but also for the attainment of nutritional adequacy for future generations, including infants, children and adolescents. Attaining adequate nutrition for women is necessary throughout their life, but particularly so before, during and after pregnancy, if intergenerational nutritional adequacy is to be attained. Adequacy of nutrition also helps an individual become more productive and saves medical treatment costs that may otherwise have occurred. However, India’s less than satisfactory record of female, infant and child nutrition underscores the need to take urgent steps, particularly if the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are to be attained. With this as the background the present chapter focuses on the role of agriculture in providing adequate nutrition for women and the methods through which women in the rural sector can leverage existing institutions and programs to ameliorate nutritional inadequacy. This would require the design of informative indices of nutritional attainment and close cooperation in policy between governments, civil society organizations and international advisory groups. The chapter reviews some ways in which these can be attained.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Singapore: World Scientific, 2019
Serie
World Scientific series in grand public policy challenges of the 21st century ; 3
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33423 (URN)10.1142/9789813239913_0008 (DOI)978-981-3239-90-6 (ISBN)978-981-3239-92-0 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2017-09-18 Skapad: 2017-09-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-02-28Bibliografiskt granskad
Nsabimana, A., Bali Swain, R., Surry, Y. & Ngabitsinze, J. (2019). Income and food Engel curves in Rwanda: A household microdata analysis. Agricultural and Food Economics
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Income and food Engel curves in Rwanda: A household microdata analysis
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Agricultural and Food Economics, ISSN 2193-7532Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Accepted
Abstract [en]

Food insecurity and malnutrition are still major challenges for large proportions of households in Sab-Saharan Africa. The empirical literature on food demand, however, suggest mixed evidence on the roles of income and other socio-economic attributes on food demand. This study analyses the food demand amongst households in Rwanda, based on nationally representative household expenditure and demographic (EICV4, 2013/14) survey data. The results show that poor households consume food containing higher carbohydrates and starches. Further, the study finds that majority of rural households spend sparingly on micronutrients from animal products, suggesting that effective targeted food policy interventions for poor and rural households may play important role in reducing incidence of malnutrition through improving food diets.… Read more

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2019
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Miljövetenskapliga studier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39069 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-09-29 Skapad: 2019-09-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-10-02Bibliografiskt granskad
Bali Swain, R. (2018). A Critical Analysis of the Sustainable Development Goals. In: Leal Filho, Walter (Ed.), Handbook of Sustainability Science and Research: (pp. 341-356). Cham: Springer
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A Critical Analysis of the Sustainable Development Goals
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Handbook of Sustainability Science and Research / [ed] Leal Filho, Walter, Cham: Springer, 2018, s. 341-356Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

The ambitious UN-adopted sustainable development goals (SDGs) have been criticized for being inconsistent, difficult to quantify, implement and monitor. Disparaging analysis suggests that there exists a potential inconsistency in the SDGs, particularly between the socio-economic development and the environmental sustainability goals. Critiques also raise questions on the measurability and monitoring of the broadly framed SDGs. The goals are non-binding, with each country being expected to create their own national or regional plans. Moreover, the source(s) and the extent of the financial resources and investments for the SDGs are ambiguous. This chapter quantifies and examines the inconsistencies of the SDGs. It further inspects which of the underlying social, economic or environmental pillars are that most effective for achieving sustainable development. Analyses of the data reveal that the developed countries need to remain focused on their social and environmental policies. The developing countries, on the other hand, are better off being focused on their economics and social policies in the short run, even though environmental policies remain significant for sustainable development.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Cham: Springer, 2018
Serie
World Sustainability Series, ISSN 2199-7373
Nyckelord
Sustainable development goals, Sustainable development incompatibility, Structural equation modelling, Factor analysis, UN data revolution
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32405 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-63007-6_20 (DOI)978-3-319-63007-6 (ISBN)978-3-319-63006-9 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
VetenskapsrådetForskningsrådet Formas
Tillgänglig från: 2017-04-16 Skapad: 2017-04-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-02-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Kar, A. K. & Bali Swain, R. (2018). Are microfinance markets monopolistic?. Applied Economics, 58(1), 1-14
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Are microfinance markets monopolistic?
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 58, nr 1, s. 1-14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Do microfinance institutions (MFIs) operate in a monopoly, monopolistic competition environment or are their revenues derived under perfect competition markets? We employ the Panzar–Rosse revenue test on a global panel data to assess the competitive environment in which MFIs of five selected countries operate: Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Peru and Philippines, over the period 2005–2009. We estimate the static and the dynamic revenue tests, with analyses of the interest rate and the return on assets. We control for microfinance-specific variables such as capital-assets-ratio, loans-assets and the size of the MFI. The analyses also account for the endogeneity problem by employing the fixed-effects two-stage least squares and the fixed-effects system generalized method of moments. Our results suggest that MFIs in Peru and India operate in a monopolistic environment. We also find weak evidence that the microfinance industry in Ecuador, Indonesia and Philippines may operate under perfect competition.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Routledge, 2018
Nyckelord
Microfinance, Competition, market structure, dynamic panel estimation, GMM estimation, Panzar-Rosse revenue tests
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Annat forskningsområde
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32401 (URN)10.1080/00036846.2017.1310999 (DOI)000418735000001 ()2-s2.0-85017441725 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2017-04-16 Skapad: 2017-04-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-24Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0573-5287

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