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Nygren, Gunnar
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Nygren, G. & Widholm, A. (2024). Ukraina och informationskrigets nya vägar: Sociala medier, krigsrapportering och desinformation (1ed.). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Ukraina och informationskrigets nya vägar: Sociala medier, krigsrapportering och desinformation
Vise andre…
2024 (svensk)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [sv]

Sociala medier spelar en central roll i nyhetsflödet från kriget i Ukraina. Både som källor och som plattformar för distribution och cirkulation av innehåll. I de sociala medieflödena finns viktiga vittnesskildringar från människor som befinner sig i krigets centrum, men också desinformation och konspirationsteorier. I Ukraina har den sociala medieplattformen Telegram blivit den viktigaste källan till information för många människor, trots att den har ryska rötter. 

Den här boken undersöker nyhetsflödet från kriget i Ukraina, men också människors medieanvändning och förtroende för den information de möter genom olika typer av medier. Den är resultatet av ett samarbete mellan svenska och ukrainska forskare som analyserat tusentals artiklar och uppdateringar på sociala medier, gjort intervjuer med medieanvändare i Ukraina, och analyserat svenska folkets nyhetskonsumtion. Allt detta lägger grunden för en analys av ett nytt och framväxande hybridmediesystem, där traditionella, alternativa, och sociala medier konkurrerar om människors uppmärksamhet, men också ger olika bilder av krigets orsaker och konsekvenser. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2024. s. 183 Opplag: 1
Serie
Journalistikstudier vid Södertörns högskola ; 13
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-53583 (URN)978-91-89504-74-5 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-03-05 Laget: 2024-03-05 Sist oppdatert: 2024-04-03bibliografisk kontrollert
Nygren, G. (2023). Local Journalism With State Support [Letter to the editor]. Media and Communication, 11(3), 401-403
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Local Journalism With State Support
2023 (engelsk)Inngår i: Media and Communication, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 401-403Artikkel i tidsskrift, Letter (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, the system of press subsidies was expanded in 2019 to give special support for “weakly covered areas.” This new support has had positive effects, but changes in the system also introduced new demands on the content concerning democratic values etc. If state support should be used for saving local journalism, how far can state influence on the content be acceptable for independent local media? The commentary describes the system of support and discusses this crucial question.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Cogitatio Press, 2023
Emneord
local journalism, news deserts, political influence, press subsidies, state support, Sweden
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52408 (URN)10.17645/mac.v11i3.7503 (DOI)001157265900013 ()2-s2.0-85173211634 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-09-29 Laget: 2023-09-29 Sist oppdatert: 2024-03-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Nygren, G. (2023). Rysk journalistik mellan makt och professionalism. Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 125(1), 173-195
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Rysk journalistik mellan makt och professionalism
2023 (svensk)Inngår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 125, nr 1, s. 173-195Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Russian journalism has always existed in the tension between political power and a more or less independent intelligentia. This was the case during the old czar regime as well as during different periods of the Soviet Union era. At the end of the Cold War liberalization followed, which offered Russian journalism a kind of freedom it had never known. However, despite an increased indepen-dence, journalism continued to be used as a political tool and what autonomy that had been achieved by journalists as a professional group remained limited. At the same time and despite exposing themselves to great risks there were Russian journalists who maintained their autonomy and continued to challenge the regime. Since Putin came to power, the room of maneuver for independent journalism has gradually diminished. As a result, Russian journalism and independent media institutions develop and carry out their work in exile mimicking a pattern of a 19th century tradition. The regime tries to control various information flows but finds it increasingly difficult to do so with global digital networks and VPN-services that circumvent any blocking.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Fahlbeckska stiftelsen, 2023
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51101 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-02-27 Laget: 2023-02-27 Sist oppdatert: 2023-02-27bibliografisk kontrollert
Springer, N., Nygren, G., Orlova, D., Taradai, D. & Widholm, A. (2023). Sourcing Dis/Information: How Swedish and Ukrainian Journalists Source, Verify, and Mediate Journalistic Truth During the Russian-Ukrainian Conflict. Journalism Studies, 24(9), 1111-1130
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Sourcing Dis/Information: How Swedish and Ukrainian Journalists Source, Verify, and Mediate Journalistic Truth During the Russian-Ukrainian Conflict
Vise andre…
2023 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 24, nr 9, s. 1111-1130Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Journalists form the middle links of global information chains, playing a decisive role in detecting and dismantling or amplifying problematic information. Information sourcing, verification, and transparency are important tools for journalists when they transmit their sense-making of events, i.e., the journalistic truth, to the audiences. This mixed-methods study of the disinformation-prone conflict between Russia and Ukraine investigates how journalists at different positions on the information chain-i.e., on the ground (Ukraine) and at a distance (Sweden)-source, verify, and narrate their journalistic truth to audiences. We found that, even in high-pressure situations created by hot conflicts, sourcing and verification remain mostly individualized practices that are shaped by internalized unwritten, professional rules of an oral newsroom culture. Verification protocols or specialized tools are largely absent. Sources were sometimes hard to detect in the journalistic content; claims about their verification status even harder. There was a fear that being overtly transparent about sources would jeopardize journalists' authority. Especially problematic are the precarious working and living conditions for journalists on the ground. These conditions make them vulnerable sources for journalists abroad.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Routledge, 2023
Emneord
Sourcing, verification, journalistic truth, transparency, disinformation, conflict coverage, >
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52138 (URN)10.1080/1461670X.2023.2196586 (DOI)001028348000001 ()2-s2.0-85165261205 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-08-24 Laget: 2023-08-24 Sist oppdatert: 2023-08-25bibliografisk kontrollert
Picha Edwardsson, M., Al-Saqaf, W. & Nygren, G. (2023). Verification of Digital Sources in Swedish Newsrooms — A Technical Issue or a Question of Newsroom Culture?. Journalism Practice, 17(8), 1678-1695
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Verification of Digital Sources in Swedish Newsrooms — A Technical Issue or a Question of Newsroom Culture?
2023 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 17, nr 8, s. 1678-1695Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses and discusses attitudes and practices concerning verification among Swedish journalists. The research results are based on a survey of more than 800 Swedish journalists about their attitudes towards verification (Journalist 2018) and a design project where a prototype for verification in newsrooms – the Fact Check Assistant (FCA) – was developed and evaluated. The results of the survey show a lack of routines when it comes to verifying content from social media and blogs and considerable uncertainty among journalists about whether this kind of verification is possible.

The development of the prototype initially created reactions of interest and curiosity from the newsroom staff. Gradually, however, the degree of scepticism about its usability increased. A lack of time and a lack of knowledge were two of the obstacles to introducing new verification routines. It is not enough to introduce new digital tools, according to the journalists. Management must also allocate time for training. The paper’s ultimate conclusion is that changing journalists’ and editors’ attitudes towards verification in this digital age appears to be guided by newsroom culture rather than technical solutions.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Oxfordshire, England, UK: Taylor & Francis, 2023
Emneord
Fact-checking, digital sources, goal-directed design, newsroom culture, values-based journalism, verification, disinformation, fake news
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Annat forskningsområde
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-46772 (URN)10.1080/17512786.2021.2004200 (DOI)000721201700001 ()2-s2.0-85119660068 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-11-22 Laget: 2021-11-22 Sist oppdatert: 2023-11-24bibliografisk kontrollert
Lagercrantz, A., Laurén, A.-L., Nilsson, M., Nygren, G., Taradai, D., Wangsson, C. & Widholm, A. (2022). Källkritik och krig: propaganda, desinformation och lögner. Stockholm: Institutet för mediestudier
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Källkritik och krig: propaganda, desinformation och lögner
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2022 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Alternativ tittel[sv]
Källkritik & Krig : Propaganda, desinformation och lögner
Abstract [sv]

Krigsrapporteringen från Ukraina utmanar redaktionernas resurser för att kontrollera vad som är sant och falskt. I rapporten Källkritik och krig presenteras en granskning av hur redaktionerna hanterar desinformation och säkerställer trovärdighet i svenska mediers rapportering under krigets sex första veckor. Slutsatsen är att det är ovanligt att redaktionerna verifierar den egna rapporteringen, vilket istället överlåts på utländska nyhetsbyråer och medier. Den övervägande delen av den svenska bevakningen görs på distans.

Rapporten visar också hur Ryssland sedan flera år systematiskt skadar, smädar och styr bilden av Sverige. En direktrapport från Ukraina ger en inblick i hur oklar strategin är för den inhemska bevakningen av kriget.

Institutet för mediestudier vill med den här rapporten fördjupa diskussionen om källkritik och faktagranskning i krigs- och konfliktapportering.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: Institutet för mediestudier, 2022. s. 125
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50154 (URN)978-91-987098-4-1 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2022-10-28 Laget: 2022-10-28 Sist oppdatert: 2022-10-28bibliografisk kontrollert
Springer, N., Orlova, D., Nygren, G., Taradai, D. & Widholm, A. (2022). Narrating “Their War” and “Our War”: the Patriotic Journalism Paradigm in the Context of Swedish and Ukrainian Conflict Coverage. Central European Journal of Communication, 15(2), 178-201
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Narrating “Their War” and “Our War”: the Patriotic Journalism Paradigm in the Context of Swedish and Ukrainian Conflict Coverage
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2022 (engelsk)Inngår i: Central European Journal of Communication, ISSN 1899-5101, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 178-201Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

“Patriotic journalism, ” a deviation from objectivity, has become an important paradigm and well-documented phenomenon in the analysis of conflict coverage. However, studies rarely focus on the link between journalists' perceptions and narratives. We investigated how journalists from two countries, one involved in a conflict (Ukraine) and the other observing it from a distance (Sweden) relate to the objectivity norm in sourcing and narrating seven conflictive news cases in Ukraine (2017 to 2018). We found pragmatic commitment to objectivity in both countries, which was not always reflected in the content produced. For Swedish journalists, our results hint toward a value-based ally loyalty, which seems less stable than a tribe-based bond. In Ukraine, official Ukrainian perspectives were undisputedly disseminated; however, we did not find that they were generally positively laden, as one would expect for patriotic journalists. Trust in public institutions might be a deciding factor over the extent of patriotism.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Polish Communication Association, 2022
Emneord
conflict coverage, Patriotic journalism, reconstructive interviews, Sweden, Ukraine
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50323 (URN)10.51480/1899-5101.15.2(31).1 (DOI)000898052800002 ()2-s2.0-85142472267 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2022-12-02 Laget: 2022-12-02 Sist oppdatert: 2023-01-05bibliografisk kontrollert
Nygren, G. (2021). Freedom of Expression in Russia’s New Mediasphere [Review]. Nordisk Østforum, 35, 24-25
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Freedom of Expression in Russia’s New Mediasphere
2021 (svensk)Inngår i: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 35, s. 24-25Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing (NOASP), 2021
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52730 (URN)10.23865/noros.v35.2807 (DOI)
Merknad

Mariëlle Wijermars & Katja Lehtisaari (red.) (2019). Freedom of Expression in Russia’s New Mediasphere. London/New York: Routledge. ISBN: 9781138346659

Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-11-20 Laget: 2023-11-20 Sist oppdatert: 2023-11-20bibliografisk kontrollert
Lindén, C.-G., Morlandstø, L. & Nygren, G. (2021). Local political communication in a hybrid media system. In: Skogerbø, E.; Ihlen, Ø., Kristensen, N. N.; Nord, L (Ed.), Power, Communication, and Politics in the Nordic Countries: (pp. 155-176). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Local political communication in a hybrid media system
2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: Power, Communication, and Politics in the Nordic Countries / [ed] Skogerbø, E.; Ihlen, Ø., Kristensen, N. N.; Nord, L, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2021, s. 155-176Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

This chapter analyses the local media and local political conditions in the Nordic countries from the perspective of power. The rapid changes in the local media system described in this chapter have led to a redistribution of this power in the local community in different directions. The starting point for our analysis is the four variables defined by Hallin and Mancini (2004) to describe different media systems and to identify change in power and power relations. We find that local media structures are changing, with downsized newspapers and decreasing use of local newspapers while social media is becoming more prominent. Norway and Sweden try to balance decreasing commercial conditions with state support, while there is a strong regional public service in all Nordic countries. Political parallelism in the old sense of political power and control of newspapers has gone. Professional journalists have become only one group among many different producers of local media content, duly losing power over local agendas.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2021
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52660 (URN)10.48335/9789188855299-8 (DOI)978-91-88855-29-9 (ISBN)978-91-88855-28-2 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-11-09 Laget: 2023-11-09 Sist oppdatert: 2023-11-09bibliografisk kontrollert
Nygren, G. (2020). Forskning om journalistik – med en demokratisk utgångspunkt. In: Elin Gardeström & Hanna Sofia Rehnberg (Ed.), Vad är journalistik?: En antologi av journalistiklärare på Södertörns högskola (pp. 41-51). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Forskning om journalistik – med en demokratisk utgångspunkt
2020 (svensk)Inngår i: Vad är journalistik?: En antologi av journalistiklärare på Södertörns högskola / [ed] Elin Gardeström & Hanna Sofia Rehnberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, s. 41-51Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020
Serie
Journalistikstudier vid Södertörns högskola ; 12
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-40493 (URN)978-91-88663-98-6 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-04-08 Laget: 2020-04-08 Sist oppdatert: 2020-04-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Prosjekter
Journalism Education – formation of professional identity in changing media systems. [A061-2009_OSS]; Södertörns högskola; Publikasjoner
Nygren, G. & Stigbrand, K. (2014). The Formation of a Professional Identity: Journalism students in different media systems. Journalism Studies, 15(6), 841-858
Journalism in change - professional journalistic cultures in Russia, Poland and Sweden. [A006-2010_OSS]; Södertörns högskola; Publikasjoner
Hök, J. (2015). Changing working conditions. In: Gunnar Nygren, Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska (Ed.), Journalism in change: Professional journalistic culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden (pp. 97-117). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing GroupNygren, G. & Dobek-Ostrowska, B. (2015). Introduction: Journalism, professionalization and juournalistic culture as a matter of research. In: Gunnar Nygren and Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska (Ed.), Journalism in change: Professional journalistic culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden (pp. 9-18). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing GroupNygren, G. & Dobek-Ostrowska, B. (Eds.). (2015). Journalism in change: Professional journalistic culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing GroupNygren, G. & Dobek-Ostrowska, B. (2015). Journalistic cultures between national traditions and global trends. In: Gunnar Nygren and Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska (Ed.), Journalism in change: Professional journalistic cultures in Poland, Russia and Sweden (pp. 259-278). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing GroupNygren, G. (2015). Media development and professional autonomy. In: Gunnar Nygren and Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska (Ed.), Journalism in change: Professional journalistic culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden (pp. 119-152). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing GroupJohansson, E. (2015). New tools for old practices?: The journalistic profession in the context of interactive participation. In: Gunnar Nygren, Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska (Ed.), Journalism in change: Professional journalistic culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden (pp. 233-257). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing GroupNygren, G., Dobek-Ostrowska, B. & Johansson, E. (2015). Professional journalistic cultures: Design and methods in the research. In: Gunnar Nygren and Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska (Ed.), Journalism in change: Professional journalistic cultures in Poland, Russia and Sweden (pp. 41-62). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing GroupNygren, G. (2015). Professionalization, media development and comparative journalism studies. In: Gunnar Nygren and Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska (Ed.), Journalism in change: Professional journalistic culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden (pp. 19-40). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing GroupJohansson, E. (2014). Blogging in Russia: The blog platform LiveJournal as a professional tool for Russian journalists. Baltic Worlds, VII(2-3), 27-36Nygren, G. (2014). Multiskilling in the newsroom: De-skilling or re-skilling of journalistic work?. The Journal of Media Innovations, 1(2), 75-96
Symbiotic leader-media relations? Exploring interaction between prime ministers and the media in Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden [19/2013_OSS]; Södertörns högskola; Publikasjoner
Johansson, K. M. & Raunio, T. (2023). Government Communication in Finland and Sweden. Baltic Rim Economies (3), 7-7Malling, M. (2023). Reconstructing the Informal and Invisible: Interactions Between Journalists and Political Sources in Two Countries. Journalism Practice, 17(4), 683-703Johansson, E. & Johansson, K. M. (2022). Along the government–media frontier: Press secretaries offline/online. Journal of Public Affairs, 22(S1), Article ID e2759. Johansson, K. M. (2022). The Prime Minister–Media Nexus: Centralization Logic and Application (1ed.). Cham: Palgrave MacmillanMalling, M. (2021). Sources that Trigger the News: Multiplexity of Social Ties in News Discovery. Journalism Studies, 22(10), 1298-1316Johansson, K. M. (2021). Stärker mediemakten regeringsmakten?. Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 123(1), 5-25Johansson, K. M. & Raunio, T. (2020). Centralizing Government Communication? Evidence from Finland and Sweden. Politics and Policy, 48(6), 1138-1160Johansson, K. M. & Nygren, G. (Eds.). (2019). Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (1ed.). Gothenburg: NordicomJohansson, K. M. & Raunio, T. (2019). Government communication in a comparative perspective. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 127-148). Gothenburg: NordicomBalčytienė, A. & Malling, M. (2019). Lithuania: Media-politics interaction shaped by benefits-oriented reasoning. In: Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren (Ed.), Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries (pp. 5-74). Gothenburg: Nordicom
Organisasjoner