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Lembke, M., Lalander, R. & Galindo, J. F. (2020). Objectivities and Trust in Ethnographic Research On and With Latin American Indigenous Peoples. In: Gloria L. Gallardo Fernández, Fred Saunders, Tatiana Sokolova (Ed.), Co-creating Actionable Science: Reflections from the Global North and South (pp. 13-33). Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Objectivities and Trust in Ethnographic Research On and With Latin American Indigenous Peoples
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Co-creating Actionable Science: Reflections from the Global North and South / [ed] Gloria L. Gallardo Fernández, Fred Saunders, Tatiana Sokolova, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2020, s. 13-33Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

This chapter deals with an inevitable form of subjectivity in field-oriented research on and with ethnically defined peoples in Latin America. It asks whether ethnographers can enter a research field marked by historical injustices and highly asymmetric power struggles without losing the standpoint of value-free outsiders. We argue that scholars in the field are not disconnected from local cultural and institutional settings, they cannot expect to conduct fieldwork without a substantial degree of subjectivity. Theoretically, a distinction is made between fieldwork and work in the field, emphasizing the often-dual position of researchers: as scholars and activists. We argue that an activist stance is sometimes necessary, though stressing that the primary position must always be that of the scholar, particularly in those highly conflictive fields which often characterise the societal periphery of the Global South. Ethnographers are not merely spectators. Interpretations and conclusions will be affected by the passions and ideological positions encountered in the field. Moreover, ethnographers frequently enter the field with worldviews determined beforehand, a predisposition that may generate misunderstandings, exaggerations or even prejudice. Methodologically, the text draws on decades of fieldwork on indigenous peoples´ struggles and conflicts in Bolivia, Ecuador and Guatemala. The text problematizes the intricate intersection between objectivity and research, on the one side, and trust and subjectivity, on the other. The authors conclude by stressing the importance of upholding an “objectivity” that does not clash with the basic premises of a communal narrative rooted in historical experiences and structural perceptions of the world. Situational and relational subjectivity is thus inevitable, but that does not imply that the ambition of academic objectivity must be sacrificed. Such objectivity should not be conflated with “neutrality”, lexically speaking. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2020
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Miljövetenskapliga studier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-40777 (URN)978-1-5275-4847-3 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-05-27 Laget: 2020-05-27 Sist oppdatert: 2020-05-28
Lalander, R., Lembke, M. & Ospina Peralta, P. (2019). Political economy of state-indigenous liaisons: Ecuador in times of Alianza PAIS. Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe / European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies (108), 193-220
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Political economy of state-indigenous liaisons: Ecuador in times of Alianza PAIS
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe / European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, ISSN 0924-0608, E-ISSN 1879-4750, nr 108, s. 193-220Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses the contentious liaisons between the indigenous movement and the state in Ecuador during the government of Alianza PAIS under the presidency of Rafael Correa (2007-2017). The research question examines to which measure, how and why the shift from neoliberal to leftist administrations could have affected the principal strategic repertoire of the indigenous movement. Leaning on a political economy approach and social movement theorizing, and accentuating the relative power balance between the indigenous movement and the state, it focuses on indigenous oppositional strategies and the ambivalent attitude of the state regarding participatory democracy and the rights of the indigenous peoples. By contrasting this period with the neoliberal 1990s – considered the heyday of the indigenous struggle – we examine contemporary strategic responses of the movement amidst the new political setting characterized by hyper-presidentialism and a systematic effort to de-corporatize the state. A central finding is that, while retaining its powerful organizational network which could be reactivated during critical situations, the indigenous movement weakened in relation to the 1990s. This relative decline is manifested in three types of social movement relationships: between leaders and grassroots (mobilizing capacity); between the movement and its alliance partners (alliance politics); and between the movement and the legal institutional terrain of the state (institutional participation).

Abstract [es]

Este artículo analiza las relaciones conflictivas entre el movimiento indígena y el Estado en Ecuador durante el gobierno de Alianza PAIS cuando ejercía la presidencia Rafael Correa, (2007-2017). La pregunta de investigación es la medida en la cual, cómo y por qué el desplazamiento desde el neoliberalismo hacia la izquierda pudo afectar los principales repertorios de estrategias del movimiento indígena. Desde un enfoque de economía política y de las teorías de los movimientos sociales y considerando los cambios en el balance de poder entre el movimiento indígena y el Estado, el artículo se enfoca en las estrategias de oposición de los indígenas y en la actitud ambivalente del Estado respecto a la democracia participativa y a los derechos de los pueblos indígenas. En contraste con los años neoliberales (1990s) que fueron considerados los de mayor influencia de la lucha indígena, examinamos las estrategias contemporáneas del movimiento en medio de las nuevas circunstancias políticas caracterizadas por el hiper-presidencialismo y un sistemático esfuerzo de descorporativización del Estado. Un hallazgo central del trabajo es que, aunque conserva la potencia de su poderosa red organizativa, que le permite reactivarse en coyunturas críticas, el movimiento indígena se debilitó en comparación con los años 1990. Este declive relativo se manifiesta en tres campos: la relación entre los líderes y las bases (capacidad de movilización); la relación entre el movimiento y sus aliados (la política de alianzas); y la relación entre el movimiento y el terreno institucional del Estado (participación institucional).

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Amsterdam: Centre for Latin American Research and Documentation/CEDLA, 2019
Emneord
Alianza PAIS, Citizens’ Revolution, CONAIE, de-corporatization, Indigenous movement, Indigenous societal corporatism, Alianza PAIS, CONAIE, corporativismo social indígena, descorporativización, movimiento indígena, Revolución Ciudadana.
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Miljövetenskapliga studier; Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering; Annat forskningsområde
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39630 (URN)10.32992/erlacs.10541 (DOI)2-s2.0-85084324152 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2012-01828
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-12-19 Laget: 2019-12-19 Sist oppdatert: 2020-05-20bibliografisk kontrollert
Lalander, R. & Cuestas-Caza, J. (2018). El Sumak Kawsay y el Buen-Vivir. Trayectorias Humanas Trascontinentales/ TraHs (3), 3-5
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>El Sumak Kawsay y el Buen-Vivir
2018 (spansk)Inngår i: Trayectorias Humanas Trascontinentales/ TraHs, ISSN 2557-0633, nr 3, s. 3-5Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Université de Limoges, 2018
Emneord
Development studies, Buen-vivir, Sumak Kawsay, Ecuador, Constitucionalismo, ontologías-epistemologías, pueblos indígenas, post-desarrollismo, ecologismo, ecosocialismo
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Miljövetenskapliga studier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36635 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-10-22 Laget: 2018-10-22 Sist oppdatert: 2020-03-24bibliografisk kontrollert
Lalander, R. (2018). Indigeneidad y diálogos interculturales en la política local: Una etnografía del Estado sobre los Kichwas de Cotacachi y Otavalo. In: Albert Arnavat (Ed.), Imbabura Étnica: (pp. 73-113). Ibarra, Ecuador: Editorial UTN/ Universidad Técnica del Norte
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Indigeneidad y diálogos interculturales en la política local: Una etnografía del Estado sobre los Kichwas de Cotacachi y Otavalo
2018 (spansk)Inngår i: Imbabura Étnica / [ed] Albert Arnavat, Ibarra, Ecuador: Editorial UTN/ Universidad Técnica del Norte , 2018, s. 73-113Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [es]

El objetivo principal del presente texto es examinar y problematizar la politización de la indigeneidad mediante el enfoque analítico en los encuentros y diálogos interculturales, y más específicamente de los Kichwas de Cotacachi y Otavalo, localidades tradicionalmente marcadas por las estructuras sociales excluyentes y racistas. Dentro del marco de la democracia deliberativa intercultural y las estructuras de oportunidades políticas, se analizarán las alianzas sociopolíticas de diferentes agrupaciones de ciudadanos y colectivos indígenas, que anteriormente estuvieron excluidas de las esferas públicas, y que confrontan nuevos desafíos y dilemas una vez que emergen como autoridades políticas a nivel local. ¿Cómo se reflejan las complejidades identitarias y de las alianzas interculturales en los procesos político-electorales locales de Cotacachi y Otavalo desde las perspectivas de los actores indígenas? Teóricamente y metodológicamente, la presente etnografía del Estado enfoca concretamente en el las transformaciones de los vínculos entre las poblaciones indígenas de Cotacachi y Otavalo y el Estado, asimismo considerando los diálogos y alianzas interculturales del movimiento indígena en las dos localidades. Estos procesos asimismo conllevan modificaciones de la indigeneidad, considerando que el grupo étnicamente definido siempre se autoidentifica en relación con otra categoría étnica, es decir: ¿Qué pasa con la identidad étnicamente definida cuando el movimiento colectivo llega a la posición de autoridad del Estado? Esta aproximación se sostiene metodológicamente en trabajo etnográfico en el campo, con una gran cantidad de entrevistas, conversaciones informales y observaciones participativas durante períodos en Cotacachi y Otavalo entre 2004 y 2018, así como una lectura crítica de publicaciones de los temas. Asimismo, hasta cierto grado se utiliza una aproximación metodológica comparativa, pero hay que aclarar que no se ofrecerá una comparación completamente sistemática entre los dos casos, más bien se destacarán las características y complejidades particulares de los dos contextos.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Ibarra, Ecuador: Editorial UTN/ Universidad Técnica del Norte, 2018
Emneord
Development studies, Interculturalidad, pueblos indígenas, gobiernos locales, Otavalo, Cotacachi
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Miljövetenskapliga studier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37278 (URN)978-9942-784-33-9 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-01-15 Laget: 2019-01-15 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-07bibliografisk kontrollert
Lalander, R. (2018). Política identitaria e interseccionalidad en la Venezuela Bolivariana: Reflexiones sobre el protagonismo de las mujeres de los sectores populares (2006-2013). Ontosemiótica, 7(3), 35-59
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Política identitaria e interseccionalidad en la Venezuela Bolivariana: Reflexiones sobre el protagonismo de las mujeres de los sectores populares (2006-2013)
2018 (spansk)Inngår i: Ontosemiótica, ISSN 2477-9482, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 35-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This article problematizes the empowerment of Venezuelan women of the popular sec­tors, who previously were marginalized in terms of gender, ethnicity and class. More specifically, the study focuses on the protagonist role of women in the Community Cou­ncils during 2006-2013. An additional interrelated aim of the study is to question the myth of Venezuela as the least racist country of Latin America. Theoretically, the study connects to an old debate of Leftist academia, namely on how to deal with the identi­tarian elements of class, ethnicity and gender in a broader socio-political setting. This viewpoint is contrasted with the theoretical-methodological framing of intersectionality, which considers the relationships between different identitarian elements at individual and collective level. The article shows that gender, class and ethnicity are intimately and complexly intertwined among the protagonists, and that these identity bases cross each other in local political situations. A further argument is that, generally, class-based identity appears to be superior to those of gender and ethnicity in socio-political settings. Methodologically, the study is based on critical reading of previous literature and, above all, ethnographic fieldwork in Venezuela between 1996 and 2013, including participa­tory observation and hundreds of interviews with actors involved in these political and socio-cultural processes.

Abstract [es]

Este artículo problematiza el empoderamiento de las mujeres venezolanas de los secto­res populares que antes eran marginadas en términos de género, etnicidad y clase. Más específicamente se enfoca el caso de la presencia y el rol de las mujeres en los Conse­jos Comunales entre 2006 y 2013. Un objetivo complementario subyacente es también cuestionar seriamente el mito sobre Venezuela como “el país menos racista” de América Latina. Teóricamente, el estudio conecta a un viejo debate teórico e ideológico de la academia global izquierdista de cómo abordar los elementos identitarios de clase, género y raza/etnicidad en un contexto político-social más amplio. Esta perspectiva se contrasta con el marco teórico-metodológico de la interseccionalidad sobre las relaciones entre diferentes elementos identitarios en los individuos y colectivos. El estudio muestra que estas bases identitarias - género, clase y etnicidad - están íntimamente y complejamente entrelazados entre los protagonistas, y estos elementos identitarios se cruzan en los nive­les locales de la política. Otro argumento es que la identidad definida por clase tiende a ser superior a la del género y la etnicidad en contextos socio-políticos. Metodológica­mente, el estudio se basa en la lectura crítica de publicaciones anteriores, y sobre todo de trabajo etnográfico en Venezuela entre 1996 y 2013, incluso observaciones participativas y centenares de entrevistas con las actoras y los actores involucrados en estos procesos políticos y socio-culturales.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Trujillo, Venezuela: Universidad de Los Andes, 2018
Emneord
Development studies, Community councils, identity politics, intersectionality, class-ethnicity-gender tensions, women´s protagonism, Venezuela., Consejos comunales, interseccionalidad, política identitaria, protagonismo femenino, tensiones clase-etnicidad-género, Venezuela.
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Miljövetenskapliga studier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37078 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-12-28 Laget: 2018-12-28 Sist oppdatert: 2020-04-02bibliografisk kontrollert
Lalander, R. & Magnus, L. (2018). Territorialidad, indigeneidad y diálogo intercultural en Ecuador: Dilemas y desafíos en el proyecto del Estado Plurinacional. In: Johannes Waldmüller & Philipp Altmann (Ed.), Territorialidades otras: Visiones alternativas de la tierra y del territorio desde Ecuador (pp. 183-212). Quito: Ediciones La Tierra
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Territorialidad, indigeneidad y diálogo intercultural en Ecuador: Dilemas y desafíos en el proyecto del Estado Plurinacional
2018 (spansk)Inngår i: Territorialidades otras: Visiones alternativas de la tierra y del territorio desde Ecuador / [ed] Johannes Waldmüller & Philipp Altmann, Quito: Ediciones La Tierra , 2018, s. 183-212Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Quito: Ediciones La Tierra, 2018
Emneord
Development studies, Ecuador, Plurinational State, Interculturalism, Indigenous Peoples, Deliberative democracy
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Miljövetenskapliga studier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36837 (URN)978-9942-751-14-0 (ISBN)978-9978-19-909-1 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-12-01 Laget: 2018-12-01 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-07bibliografisk kontrollert
Lalander, R. & Lembke, M. (2018). The Andean Catch-22: ethnicity, class and resource governance in Bolivia and Ecuador. Globalizations, 15(5), 636-654
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The Andean Catch-22: ethnicity, class and resource governance in Bolivia and Ecuador
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Globalizations, ISSN 1474-7731, E-ISSN 1474-774X, Vol. 15, nr 5, s. 636-654Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This study deals with the tensions and contradictions between resource governance, welfare policies, and the constitutionally recognized rights of nature and the indigenous peoples in Bolivia and Ecuador. We have identified a certain reductionism in current debates on these issues and propose a more systematic analytical focus on class and the class-ethnicity duality, as expressed in historical and contemporary indigenous struggles, and also confirmed via our ethnographic material. Drawing on the double bind as expressed in Joseph Heller’s Catch-22 wherein the protagonists face situations in which they do not have any choice to achieve a net gain, this article centres on how national governments have to choose between the protections of rights – in this case ethnic and environmental rights – and welfare provision financed by extractive revenues. From the perspective of ecologically concerned indigenous actors, the Catch-22 is articulated in the choice or compromise between universal welfarism on the one hand, and ethno-environmental concerns on the other hand. The article draws primarily on ecosocialist arguments and on indigenous-culturalist perspectives on Good Life (Sumak Kawsay or Vivir Bien). A central finding is the existence of awareness among involved actors – oppositional movements and government authorities – that the Catch-22 quandary and joint class-ethnic concerns are unavoidable ingredients in their discourses, struggles, and understandings of Good Life.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Routledge, 2018
Emneord
Development studies, class-ethnicity, Ecosocialism, indigenous peoples, resource governance, Sumak Kawsay/Vivir Bien
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Miljövetenskapliga studier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34836 (URN)10.1080/14747731.2018.1453189 (DOI)000440045200005 ()2-s2.0-85044476585 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2012–1828
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-04-12 Laget: 2018-04-12 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-07bibliografisk kontrollert
Lalander, R. & Maija, M. (2018). The Discursive Paradox of Environmental Conflict: Between Ecologism and Economism in Ecuador. Forum for Development Studies, 45(3), 485-511
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The Discursive Paradox of Environmental Conflict: Between Ecologism and Economism in Ecuador
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Forum for Development Studies, ISSN 0803-9410, E-ISSN 1891-1765, Vol. 45, nr 3, s. 485-511Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Ecuador in times of the Rafael Correa government constitutes a prime example of the paradox of environmental conflict, in which all involved actors claim to represent the true vanguard concerning safeguarding of the environment and human conditions. The country presents the ecologically most progressive constitution in the world and also incorporates far-reaching recognition of indigenous peoples’ rights. Notwithstanding, the economy remains reliant on extractivism and the government argues that the revenues of extractive industries benefit the common good. Anchored in a distinction between environmentalism and ecologism, this article identifies and problematizes dominant narratives among the actors of the contentious discursive scenarios, and analyses how the state and its ecological-indigenous opposition aim to position themselves within the political conflict. The central questions are: How are eco-progressive politics perceived, defined and expressed in this setting of an intercultural and plurinational society economically reliant on natural resource extraction? Which values, interests and ontological assumptions are at stake and how are these expressed in the discursive struggle? The research is based on several years of ethnographic fieldwork, combined with critical reading of the previous literature and discourse analysis. The article contributes to politico-environmental debates in Ecuador and beyond and shows that environmental struggle is entangled in broader political disputes conditioned by global economic structures. It likewise communicates with debates on argumentative discourse and illustrates that the same core arguments can constitute the argumentative basis of rivalling actors in political struggles, thus emphasizing the centrality of the contextual framing amid ontological divides in contentious discursive settings.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Routledge, 2018
Emneord
Development studies, resource governance, ecologism-environmentalism, politico-environmental conflict, argumentative discourse analysis, human–nature–society ontologies, Sumak Kawsay, Ecuador
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Miljövetenskapliga studier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34880 (URN)10.1080/08039410.2018.1427622 (DOI)000445438600007 ()2-s2.0-85053538463 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2012-1828
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-04-24 Laget: 2018-04-24 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-07bibliografisk kontrollert
Lalander, R. & Lenza, C. (2018). Transmodernity and Socio-Historical Time in the Decolonization Process of the Plurinational State of Bolivia: La transmodernidad y el tiempo sociohistórico en el proceso descolonizador del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia. Revista de Estudios Sociales (65), 48-62
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Transmodernity and Socio-Historical Time in the Decolonization Process of the Plurinational State of Bolivia: La transmodernidad y el tiempo sociohistórico en el proceso descolonizador del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
2018 (spansk)Inngår i: Revista de Estudios Sociales, ISSN 0123-885X, E-ISSN 1900-5180, nr 65, s. 48-62Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyzes how transmodernity has been expressed in the Plurinational State of Bolivia since 2009. It specifically focuses on the complexities involved in the reconstruction of the State and the road towards an intercultural society based on the constitutional acknowledgment of the values and praxis of plurinationality. This historic moment —with the reconstruction of the State and society based on the beliefs, traditions, epistemologies and ontologies of the indigenous peoples— symbolizes a particular social time and is the result of the silent survival of pre-colonial cultures which, over centuries, gradually transformed themselves alongside and in interaction with modernity, thus evolving into transmodern cultures. The establishmentof the Plurinational State has also legitimized the indigenous ethical-philosophical concept of SumaQamaña-Vivir Bien (“To Live Well”), which refers to a harmonious relationship between humans and Natureand is enshrined as a socio-political-cultural guideline and alternative to the logics of eurocentrism, anthropocentrism, individualism and capitalism. Methodologically, the study is based on years of ethnographic fieldwork in Bolivia and a critical reading of previous studies of such subjects.

Abstract [es]

Este artículo analiza cómo se expresa la transmodernidad en el Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia desde 2009, enfocando, de manera particular, las complejidades relacionadas con la refundación del Estado y la construcción de una sociedad intercultural, basada en el reconocimiento constitucional de los valores yprácticas de la plurinacionalidad. Este momento histórico —con la reconstrucción del Estado y la sociedad desde las creencias, tradiciones, epistemologías y ontologías de los pueblos indígenas— simboliza un tiempo social específico, producto de la silenciosa sobrevivencia de culturas precoloniales que se transformaron gradualmente a lo largo de los siglos, y en interacción con la modernidad misma, volviéndose culturas transmodernas. Con la declaración del Estado Plurinacional, asimismo, se ha establecido la conceptualización indígena ético-filosófica del Suma Qamaña-Vivir Bien, sobre las relaciones armoniosas entre seres humanos y naturaleza, como visión socio-político-cultural y una alternativa a las lógicas eurocentristas, antropocéntricas, individualistas y capitalistas. Metodológicamente, el estudio se basa en una lectura crítica de publicaciones anteriores y varios años de trabajo etnográfico en Bolivia.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Bogotá: Universidad de los Andes, 2018
Emneord
Development studies, Bolivia, decolonization, Plurinational-Intercultural State, socio-historical time, transmodernity, Vivir Bien, Bolivia; descolonización; Estado Plurinacional e Intercultural; tiempo sociohistórico; transmodernidad; Vivir Bien
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Miljövetenskapliga studier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36019 (URN)10.7440/res65.2018.05 (DOI)000436505700005 ()
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2012–1828
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-07-21 Laget: 2018-07-21 Sist oppdatert: 2020-03-25bibliografisk kontrollert
Porsani, J. & Lalander, R. (2018). Why Does Deliberative Community Consultation in Large-Scale Land Acquisitions Fail?: A Critical Analysis of Mozambican Experiences. Revista iberoamericana de estudios de desarrollo / Iberoamerican Journal of Development Studies, 7(2), 164-193
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Why Does Deliberative Community Consultation in Large-Scale Land Acquisitions Fail?: A Critical Analysis of Mozambican Experiences
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Revista iberoamericana de estudios de desarrollo / Iberoamerican Journal of Development Studies, E-ISSN 2254-2035, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 164-193Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Community consultation prior to large-scale land acquisitions (LSLA) is a cornerstone that justifies the portrayal of projects as partnerships or land grabs. This study focuses on one of the countries most targeted by LSLA in the last decade, namely, Mozambique. We examine the legal and theoretical bases that support community consultations and analyse their corresponding everyday practices in Mozambique. The article argues that, although the existence of these participatory forums is inspired by normative ideals of popular deliberation, the prevailing practices in these spaces are diametrically opposed to deliberative foundations and values. As shown in this study, this mismatch between theory that is institutionalized in legal frameworks and practice derives largely from the interplay of hierarchical relations anchored in, inter alia, formal and customary ethnically based realms, gender disparities, and livelihood orientations. A core argument of the article is that any attempt to ameliorate these practices must consider critical insights regarding the centrality of enhancing social equality and inclusion in participatory spaces —challenges that are immense in places marked by deep structural inequalities.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Prensas Universitarias Universidad de Zaragoza, 2018
Emneord
Development studies, consultation, deliberative democracy, large-scale land acquisition, land-grabbing, land rights, Mozambique, consultas, democracia deliberativa, adquisición de tierras a gran escala, apropiación de tierras, derechos a la tierra, Mozambique
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Miljövetenskapliga studier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36725 (URN)10.26754/ojs_ried/ijds.274 (DOI)2-s2.0-85056593972 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

Fieldwork supported by the Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography, and the foundation Forskraftstiftelsen Theodor Adelswärds Minne.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-11-09 Laget: 2018-11-09 Sist oppdatert: 2020-03-26bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2581-2588