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Sanyal, A., Larsson, J., van Wirdum, F., Andrén, T., Moros, M., Lönn, M. & Andrén, E. (2022). Not dead yet: Diatom resting spores can survive in nature for several millennia. American Journal of Botany, 67-82
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Not dead yet: Diatom resting spores can survive in nature for several millennia
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2022 (engelsk)Inngår i: American Journal of Botany, ISSN 0002-9122, E-ISSN 1537-2197, s. 67-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

PREMISE: Understanding the adaptive capacities of species over long timescales lies in examining the revived recent and millennia old resting spores buried in sediments. We show for the first time the revival, viability and germination rate of resting spores of the diatom Chaetoceros deposited in sub-seafloor sediments from three ages (recent: 0-80 years; ancient: ~1250 (Medieval Climate Anomaly) and ~6600 (Holocene Thermal Maximum) calendar year before present.

METHODS: Recent and ancient Chaetoceros spores were revived to examine their viability and germination rate. Light and scanning electron microscopy and Sanger sequencing was done to identify the species.

KEY RESULTS: We show that ~6600 cal. year BP old Chaetoceros resting spores are still viable and the vegetative reproduction in recent and ancient resting spores vary. The time taken to germinate is three hours to 2-3 days in both recent and ancient spores, but the germination rate of the spores decreased with increasing age. The germination rate of the recent spores was ~41% while that of the ancient spores were ~31% and ~12% for the ~1250 and ~6600 cal. year BP old resting spores. Based on the morphology of the germinated vegetative cells we identified the species as Chaetoceros muelleri var. subsalsum. Sanger sequences of nuclear and chloroplast markers identified the species as Chaetoceros muelleri.

CONCLUSIONS: We identify a unique model system, Chaetoceros muelleri var. subsalsum and show that recent and ancient resting spores of the species buried in sediments in the Baltic Sea can be revived and used for long-term evolutionary studies.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Botanical Society of America, 2022
Emneord
Baltic Sea, Chaetoceros muelleri var. subsalsum, Germination rate, Resting spore concentration, Resurrection ecology
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-46593 (URN)10.1002/ajb2.1780 (DOI)000739921100001 ()34648178 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85122424760 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 75/2014
Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-10-20 Laget: 2021-10-20 Sist oppdatert: 2022-03-02bibliografisk kontrollert
Andrén, E., van Wirdum, F., Norbäck Ivarsson, L., Lönn, M., Moros, M. & Andrén, T. (2020). Medieval versus recent environmental conditions in the Baltic Proper, what was different a thousand years ago?. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 555, Article ID 109878.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Medieval versus recent environmental conditions in the Baltic Proper, what was different a thousand years ago?
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2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, ISSN 0031-0182, E-ISSN 1872-616X, Vol. 555, artikkel-id 109878Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

A sediment record from the western Gotland Basin, northwestern Baltic Proper, covering the last 1200 years, was investigated for past changes in climate and the environment using diatoms as a proxy. The aim is to compare the environmental conditions reconstructed during Medieval times with settings occurring the last century under influence of environmental stressors like eutrophication and climate change. The study core records more marine conditions in the western Gotland Basin surface waters during the Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA; 950–1250C.E.), with a salinity of at least 8 psu compared to the present 6.5 psu. The higher salinity together with a strong summer-autumn stratification caused by warmer climate resulted in extensive long-lasting diatom blooms of Pseudosolenia calcar-avis, effectively enhancing the vertical export of organic carbon to the sediment and contributing to benthic hypoxia. Accordingly, our data support that a warm and dry climate induced the extensive hypoxic areas in the open Baltic Sea during the MCA. During the Little ice Age (LIA; 1400–1700C.E.), the study core records oxic bottom water conditions, decreasing salinity and less primary production. This was succeeded during the 20th century, about 1940, by environmental changes caused by human-induced eutrophication. Impact of climate change is visible in the diatom composition data starting about 1975C.E. and becoming more pronounced 2000C.E., visible as an increase of taxa that thrived in stratified waters during autumn blooms typically due to climate warming.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2020
Emneord
Baltic Sea, Diatoms, Phytoplankton seasonality, Medieval Climate Anomaly, Hypoxia
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Miljövetenskapliga studier; Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-41235 (URN)10.1016/j.palaeo.2020.109878 (DOI)000552137900020 ()2-s2.0-85086659693 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 34/2013The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 75/2014
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-06-24 Laget: 2020-06-24 Sist oppdatert: 2020-08-13bibliografisk kontrollert
Norbäck Ivarsson, L., Andrén, T., Moros, M., Andersen, T. J., Lönn, M. & Andrén, E. (2019). Baltic Sea Coastal Eutrophication in a Thousand Year Perspective. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 7, Article ID 88.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Baltic Sea Coastal Eutrophication in a Thousand Year Perspective
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2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Frontiers in Environmental Science, E-ISSN 2296-665X, Vol. 7, artikkel-id 88Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Sediment cores from three sites along the east-coast of Sweden, north-western Baltic Proper, have been studied with respect to lithologies, geochemistry and diatom assemblages to trace and date early human impact with emphasis on nutrient discharge. The three sites Bråviken, Himmerfjärden and Ådfjärden, have been impacted to various degree during the last millennia by multiple stressors like excessive nutrient discharge and hazardous substances, leading to coastal hypoxia, eutrophication and pollution. These stressors are mainly caused by drivers in the drainage area as increased human population, changed land use and point sources as industries and a sewage treatment plant. Even though their detailed history differs, the results show similar general patterns for all three sites. We find no evidence in our data from the coastal zone supporting the hypothesis that the extensive areal distribution of hypoxia in the open Baltic Sea during the Medieval Climate Anomaly was caused by human impact. Timing of the onset of man-made eutrophication, as identified from d15N and changes in diatom composition, differs between the three sites, reflecting the site specific geography and local environmental histories of these areas. The onset of eutrophication dates to 1800 CE in Bråviken and Himmerfjärden areas, and to 1900 CE in the less urban area of Ådfjärden. We conclude that the recorded environmental changes during the last centuries are unique in a thousand year perspective.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Frontiers Media S.A., 2019
Emneord
diatom stratigraphy, stable nitrogen isotopes, hypoxia, Medieval Climate Anomaly, NW Baltic proper, nutrient discharge
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Miljövetenskapliga studier; Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38479 (URN)10.3389/fenvs.2019.00088 (DOI)000471701600001 ()2-s2.0-85068480167 (Scopus ID)1562/3.1.1/2013 (Lokal ID)1562/3.1.1/2013 (Arkivnummer)1562/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Forskningsfinansiär
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 34/2013Stockholm County CouncilThe Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 75/2014
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-06-25 Laget: 2019-06-25 Sist oppdatert: 2022-03-02bibliografisk kontrollert
Mattsson, J.-E., Lönn, M. & Mutvei, A. (2017). Art studies as tools for understanding observations in science. In: Conference proceedings New perspectives in science education: 6th Conference Edition: Florence, Italy: 16-17 March 2017. Paper presented at 6th New perspectives in science education, Florence, March 16-17, 2017. (pp. 513-516). Limena: Libreriauniversitaria.it
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Art studies as tools for understanding observations in science
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Conference proceedings New perspectives in science education: 6th Conference Edition: Florence, Italy: 16-17 March 2017, Limena: Libreriauniversitaria.it , 2017, s. 513-516Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Observations are fundamental in science as they has to include cognitive activities based on the perceived sensations. These activities have to be transformed to written or spoken language. In order to practice and visualize these processes we present a method based on Roland Barthes concepts studium and punctum. About 60 students aiming at becoming primary school teachers (years 4–6) were followed during a period of the first two years of their education. The results on all course examinations during these years (n=17) were compared to the quality of two reflective texts. One from the end of the first year on the impression of art works by David Hockney or Bill Viola, another of experiences from field sites used at the beginning of their studies. They wrote reflections on their experiences including observations and their personal and professional development during their teacher training. The texts where analysed by using the 4 R’s of Doll’s. Results of VARK tests assessing the learning style of the students from the beginning of their education were used. The choice of science courses can be shown to be correlated to different factors depending of the selection of these but there was no general pattern behind the choice of science. Training of observation in different contexts and reflections on these in relation to personal development seem to promote better professional understanding.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Limena: Libreriauniversitaria.it, 2017
Emneord
art studies, observation, studium and punctum, primary school teacher students
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Annat forskningsområde
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33914 (URN)978-88-6292-847-2 (ISBN)
Konferanse
6th New perspectives in science education, Florence, March 16-17, 2017.
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-12-16 Laget: 2017-12-16 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-18bibliografisk kontrollert
Mutvei, A., Lönn, M. & Mattsson, J.-E. (2017). Digestion as an example of integrated teaching of chemistry and biology. Paper presented at XVII IOSTE SYMPOSIUM Science and Technology Education, Braga, July 11-16, 2016.. Conexão Ciencia, 12(2), 89-95
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Digestion as an example of integrated teaching of chemistry and biology
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Conexão Ciencia, ISSN 1980-7058, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 89-95Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Most people are uncertain about how nutrients enter and are distributed in the body. They may be capable of naming the different parts of the digestive system on a torso but have vague ideas of the relation between these organs and the chemical processes they govern. Reasons for this are poor understanding of gas exchange, the role of the circulatory system, and that most processes are intracellular. In order to create a more holistic view of the biology and chemistry of digestion these subjects may be taught simultaneously and integrated. Here practical exercises and lectures about digestion and nutrients for pre-service primary school teachers are presented. The practical work included food preparation in order to investigate the change of the properties of the macromolecules of nutrients. A simple drawing of a body was used in order to visualize the routes of nutrients and the role of gas exchange in digestion. An evolutionary perspective on digestion was used in order to explain the ancient origin of most chemical processes in the digestive system and in the whole body. The material produced by the students at their final examinations was used for assessing their use and understanding of concepts, the quality based on Doll’s 4R’s and the degree of holistic understanding of the digestive system. The findings show that the pedagogic design used gives a general picture of digestion and energy transfer usable for teaching in primary school.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Formiga/MG, open access, 2017
Emneord
Nutrition; digestion system; evolution teacher training; concepts biology education, chemistry education
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Annat forskningsområde
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33917 (URN)
Konferanse
XVII IOSTE SYMPOSIUM Science and Technology Education, Braga, July 11-16, 2016.
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-12-17 Laget: 2017-12-17 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-18bibliografisk kontrollert
Larsson, J., Lind, E. E., Corell, H., Grahn, M., Smolarz, K. & Lönn, M. (2017). Regional genetic differentiation in the blue mussel from the Baltic Sea area. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 98-109
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Regional genetic differentiation in the blue mussel from the Baltic Sea area
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2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, ISSN 0272-7714, E-ISSN 1096-0015, s. 98-109Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Connectivity plays an important role in shaping the genetic structure and in evolution of local adaptation. In the marine environment barriers to gene flow are in most cases caused by gradients in environmental factors, ocean circulation and/or larval behavior. Despite the long pelagic larval stages, with high potential for dispersal many marine organisms have been shown to have a fine scale genetic structuring. In this study, by using a combination of high-resolution genetic markers, species hybridization data and biophysical modeling we can present a comprehensive picture of the evolutionary landscape for a keystone species in the Baltic Sea, the blue mussel. We identified distinct genetic differentiation between the West Coast, Baltic Proper and Bothnian Sea regions, with lower gene diversity in the Bothnian Sea. Oceanographic connectivity together with salinity and to some extent species identity provides explanations for the genetic differentiation between the West Coast and the Baltic Sea (Baltic Proper and Bothnian Sea). The genetic differentiation between the Baltic Proper and Bothnian Sea cannot be directly explained by oceanographic connectivity, species identity or salinity, while the lower connectivity to the Bothnian Sea may explain the lower gene diversity. © 2016.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Academic Press, 2017
Emneord
AFLP, Baltic Sea, Barrier, Gene flow, Oceanographic connectivity, Population genetics
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Miljövetenskapliga studier; Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-30647 (URN)10.1016/j.ecss.2016.06.016 (DOI)000408787800012 ()2-s2.0-84977120681 (Scopus ID)1328/42/2010 (Lokal ID)1328/42/2010 (Arkivnummer)1328/42/2010 (OAI)
Forskningsfinansiär
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A063-2010
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-07-20 Laget: 2016-07-19 Sist oppdatert: 2021-12-17bibliografisk kontrollert
Mutvei, A., Lönn, M. & Mattsson, J.-E. (2017). Technology in preschool: from idea to product. In: Conference proceedings New perspectives in science education: 6th Conference Edition: Florence, Italy: 16-17 March 2017. Paper presented at 6th New perspectives in science education, Florence, March 16-17, 2017. (pp. 604-609). Limena: Libreriauniversitaria.it
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Technology in preschool: from idea to product
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Conference proceedings New perspectives in science education: 6th Conference Edition: Florence, Italy: 16-17 March 2017, Limena: Libreriauniversitaria.it , 2017, s. 604-609Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Teaching pre-service preschool teachers in technology is a challenge. Technology is a fairly new subject in school, students lack experiences and are not aware of the aim of the subject. In addition technology also include the consequences of technological choices for individuals, society and environment. The curriculum for pre-school in Sweden emphasize development of children´s knowledge in science, technology and their ability to identify technology in everyday life. The education of pre-service teachers involves visualization of their own tacit knowledge and experiences to be used in the teaching of technology. Here a course during a three weeks period with 55 pre-service teacher students is presented. They worked in groups with construction exercises, museum visit and outdoor technology walk. The students wrote summaries of the processes together with critical reflections. The written exams on the identification of technology in everyday life were analysed by using the quality markers 4R’s of Doll’s and compared with marks on their examination tasks. Our results show that many students could describe the processes of construction with high quality showing several perspectives of understanding, e.g., the advantage of group activity, their own development of understanding and how to teach children in preschool.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Limena: Libreriauniversitaria.it, 2017
Emneord
Technology, pre-service preschool teachers, construction exercises, museum visit
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Annat forskningsområde
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33915 (URN)978-88-6292-847-2 (ISBN)
Konferanse
6th New perspectives in science education, Florence, March 16-17, 2017.
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-12-16 Laget: 2017-12-16 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-18bibliografisk kontrollert
Mattsson, J.-E., Lönn, M. & Mutvei, A. (2017). To communicate the theory of evolution to all from babies to adults. Paper presented at XVII IOSTE SYMPOSIUM Science and Technology Education, Braga, July 11-16, 2016.. Conexão Ciencia, 12(2), 408-415
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>To communicate the theory of evolution to all from babies to adults
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Conexão Ciencia, ISSN 1980-7058, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 408-415Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Teaching evolution is a tricky business. Less teaching seems to give better understanding of the theory. Evolutionary processes are dialectic relations between many actors, individuals, groups, abiotic and biotic factors etc., different from mechanistic descriptions of relations between singular objects in other scientific theories. This difference, in combination with religious beliefs confuses efforts to get understanding and acceptance of the theory of evolution. With the new curriculum for Swedish compulsory school, science education has to be linked to students’ own experiences in order to promote critical thinking and skills useable in daily life. Further, biology in science teaching during the first school years is focused on general observations and fundamental concepts, not on scientific methods and evolutionary processes. Thus, students often experience biology as a subject filled with facts about simple relations and teleological explanations, making the theory of evolution superfluous. The objectives here were to design teaching in evolutionary theory adapted to the professional needs of students and to assess the learning outcome. Three different courses in evolutionary theory were included. Two pre-service teacher training programs, for nursery school and for year 4–6 in the compulsory school, and one for students in environmental studies were included. Assessments of learning outcome were made by analyses of texts written by the students. The quality of the science knowledge content and the personal and professional development were assessed by using the 4 R’s of Doll. Associations between concepts and understanding were evaluated using clustering and ordination statistical techniques. The learning outcome was good showing visible progressions in the understanding. Thus, it is important to assess the understanding of concepts rather than estimating their frequency in students texts.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Formiga/MG, open access, 2017
Emneord
Evolution, teaching, theory of evolution, teacher training, concepts, assessment
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Annat forskningsområde
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33916 (URN)
Konferanse
XVII IOSTE SYMPOSIUM Science and Technology Education, Braga, July 11-16, 2016.
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-12-17 Laget: 2017-12-17 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-18bibliografisk kontrollert
Mutvei, A., Lönn, M. & Mattsson, J.-E. (2016). Observation not only perception but also cognition. In: Conference proceedings: New perspectives in science education : 5th conference edition : Florence, Italy, 17-18 March 2016. Paper presented at New perspectives in science education, 5th ed, Florence,Italy, March 17-18, 2016. (pp. 365-369). Padova: Libreria Universitaria
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Observation not only perception but also cognition
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Conference proceedings: New perspectives in science education : 5th conference edition : Florence, Italy, 17-18 March 2016, Padova: Libreria Universitaria, 2016, s. 365-369Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

According to the Swedish curriculum for primary school it is important in science subjects to develop skills to observe, to describe the observations and to put them into a theoretical framework already starting year 1–3.

Thus, it may be important for the teacher not only to be accustomed to the methods of observing but also to be an expert on using these observations in order to design teaching situations where these skills may be developed.

Here we present a study where 25 pre-service primary school teacher students at the beginning of a 20 weeks course established a relation to a study site focused on ecological questions. The task during the first week of that course was to observe and describe two habitats in the field and suggest what abiotic and biotic factors that had shaped the variation focussing at competition as an important ecological factor. In order to connect those ecological aspects with evolutionary aspects, specimen of the common species in the two habitats were collected and brought to the lab where the students constructed phenetic trees based on morphology but also on ecologically relevant properties like roots/no roots, expecting the set-up to awake evolutionary reflection. A main goal with this week was to give the students tools to investigate nature – to observe and describe patterns and to explain them by observing abiotic and biotic variation and evolutionary features and limitations.

Later during the course we created other, often not obviously similar, situations where the students had the opportunity to use the experiences of this first training week. We used open questions for reflections and examinations in order to get written material to assess the development of the skills.

We found notable personal development in most students and a greater awareness about the importance of personal cognitive activities in order to create better understanding and ability to use achieved knowledge in different situations.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Padova: Libreria Universitaria, 2016
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31702 (URN)978-88-6292-705-5 (ISBN)
Konferanse
New perspectives in science education, 5th ed, Florence,Italy, March 17-18, 2016.
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-01-15 Laget: 2017-01-15 Sist oppdatert: 2017-01-16bibliografisk kontrollert
Larsson, J., Lönn, M., Lind, E. E., Świeżak, J., Smolarz, K. & Grahn, M. (2016). Sewage treatment plant associated genetic differentiation in the blue mussel from the Baltic Sea and Swedish west coast. PeerJ, 4, Article ID e2628.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Sewage treatment plant associated genetic differentiation in the blue mussel from the Baltic Sea and Swedish west coast
Vise andre…
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: PeerJ, E-ISSN 2167-8359, Vol. 4, artikkel-id e2628Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Human-derived environmental pollutants and nutrients that reach the aquatic environment through sewage effluents, agricultural and industrial processes are constantly contributing to environmental changes that serve as drivers for adaptive responses and evolutionary changes in many taxa. In this study, we examined how two types of point sources of aquatic environmental pollution, harbors and sewage treatment plants, affect gene diversity and genetic differentiation in the blue mussel in the Baltic Sea area and off the Swedish west coast (Skagerrak). Reference sites (REF) were geographically paired with sites from sewage treatments plant (STP) and harbors (HAR) with a nested sampling scheme, and genetic differentiation was evaluated using a high-resolution marker amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP). This study showed that genetic composition in the Baltic Sea blue mussel was associated with exposure to sewage treatment plant effluents. In addition, mussel populations from harbors were genetically divergent, in contrast to the sewage treatment plant populations, suggesting that there is an effect of pollution from harbors but that the direction is divergent and site specific, while the pollution effect from sewage treatment plants on the genetic composition of blue mussel populations acts in the same direction in the investigated sites.

HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31135 (URN)10.7717/peerj.2628 (DOI)000387168200015 ()27812424 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84994409132 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A063-10
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-11-11 Laget: 2016-11-11 Sist oppdatert: 2023-08-28bibliografisk kontrollert
Prosjekter
Environmental Risk Governance of the Baltic Sea (RISKGOV) [A032-2008_OSS]; Södertörns högskola; Publikasjoner
Gilek, M., Karlsson, M., Linke, S. & Smolarz, K. (Eds.). (2016). Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea (1ed.). Cham: SpringerGilek, M., Karlsson, M., Linke, S. & Smolarz, K. (2016). Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea: Identifying Key Challenges, Research Topics and Analytical Approaches (1ed.). In: Michael Gilek, Mikael Karlsson, Sebastian Linke, Katarzyna Smolarz (Ed.), Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea: (pp. 1-17). SpringerKarlsson, M., Gilek, M. & Lundberg, C. (2016). Eutrophication and the Ecosystem Approach to Management: A Case Study of Baltic Sea Environmental Governance (1ed.). In: Michael Gilek, Mikael Karlsson, Sebastian Linke, Katarzyna Smolarz (Ed.), Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea: (pp. 21-44). Cham: SpringerKarlsson, M. & Gilek, M. (2016). Governance of Chemicals in the Baltic Sea Region: A Study of Three Generations of Hazardous Substances (1ed.). In: Michael Gilek, Mikael Karlsson, Sebastian Linke, Katarzyna Smolarz (Ed.), Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea: (pp. 97-123). Cham: SpringerJönsson, A.-M., Boström, M., Dreyer, M. & Söderström, S. (2016). Risk Communication and the Role of the Public: Towards Inclusive Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea? (1ed.). In: Michael Gilek Mikael Karlsson Sebastian Linke Katarzyna Smolarz (Ed.), Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea: (pp. 205-227). Cham: SpringerLinke, S., Gilek, M. & Karlsson, M. (2016). Science-Policy Interfaces in Baltic Sea Environmental Governance: Towards Regional Cooperation and Management of Uncertainty? (1ed.). In: Gilek et al. (Ed.), Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea: (pp. 173-203). Cham: SpringerGilek, M. & Karlsson, M. (2016). Seeking Pathways Towards Improved Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea (1ed.). In: Michael Gilek, Mikael Karlsson, Sebastian Linke, Katarzyna Smolarz (Ed.), Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea: (pp. 229-246). Cham: SpringerBoström, M., Grönholm, S. & Hassler, B. (2016). The Ecosystem Approach to Management in Baltic Sea Governance: Towards Increased Reflexivity? (1ed.). In: Michael Gilek, Mikael Karlsson, Sebastian Linke, Katarzyna Smolarz (Ed.), Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea: (pp. 149-172). Cham: SpringerKern, K. & Gilek, M. (2015). Governing Europe’s Marine Environment: Key Topics and Challenges. In: Michael Gilek and Kristine Kern (Ed.), Governing Europe’s Marine Environment: Europeanization of Regional Seas or Regionalization of EU Policies? (pp. 1-12). Farnham, England: AshgateGilek, M., Hassler, B. & Jentoft, S. (2015). Marine Environmental Governance in Europe: Problems and Opportunities (1ed.). In: Michael Gilek and Kristine Kern (Ed.), Governing Europe's Marine Environment: Europeanization of Regional Seas or Regionalization of EU Policies? (pp. 249-264). Farnham: Ashgate
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5013-6462