sh.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
Länk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
BETA
Publikationer (6 of 6) Visa alla publikationer
Rabe, L. (2017). Participation and Legitimacy: Actor Involvement for Nature Conservation. (Doctoral dissertation). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Participation and Legitimacy: Actor Involvement for Nature Conservation
2017 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This PhD thesis in environmental science aims to contribute to the theoretical and empirical understanding of the relation between participation and legitimacy in multi-level environmental governance.

It is widely assumed that actor involvement has great potential to improve the legitimacy of nature conservation through long-term acceptance and target achievement. However, local resource conflicts problematize the way a relation between participation and legitimacy is depicted on other administrative levels. Studies exploring the effect that participation has on legitimacy are relatively rare, especially in multi-level arrangements of coastal conservation.

In this thesis the relation between participation and legitimacy on the local level is examined, as well as how this relation is conditioned by multi-level governance and power. The relation is empirical studied with two local implementation processes of the Helsinki Convention’s network of marine protected areas (HELCOM MPAs). The cases are located in Sweden.

Sweden and the Baltic Sea region are in the forefront of participation in nature conservation, and therefore act as a strong case for the exploration of institutional participation. However, despite apparent political will and international support, the efficiency of actor involvement for nature conservation has been questioned, also for the HELCOM MPA and especially on the local level.

Based on the results of this study, I question the assumption that weak legitimacy predominantly is an issue of insufficient information sharing. The findings show that involving actors to legitimize the adoption of strict adherence to a pre-established model of conservation likely fails to create long term support for conservation. Instead, relocation of power to the affected actors seems essential in order to make participation establish legitimacy. It appears important to create room for local influence in the design, management and implementation of a particular conservation area in the particular place/context. In both examined cases, there are elements of participation that support legitimacy, for example the development of a shared vision. There are also elements that hamper legitimacy, such as, for example, the high expectations different actors have on participation to reach consensus on protective values. These unmet expectations seem to fuel conflicts of interests among actors on different levels.

Abstract [sv]

Världens hav är i kris. Med ett stort internationellt tryck för att skydda dem har den svenska regeringen satt ambitiösa mål för etablering av marina reservat. Beslutsfattare och forskare har höga förväntningar på att lokalt deltagande underlättar etableringen. Men utan verkliga möjligheter för lokalt deltagande att påverka besluten så verkar förväntningarna orealistiska, med allvarliga konsekvenser för legitimitet av miljöskydd.

Avhandlingen undersöker relationen mellan deltagande och legitimitet i svensk östersjöförvaltning genom att studera samrådsprocesserna för Gräsö marina naturreservat och St Anna-Missjö marina skyddsområde. Studien visar på både positiva och negativa samband mellan deltagande och legitimitet, beroende på kvalitén av deltagande.

Olika lokala aktörer är djupt engagerade i resursfrågor och vill ha möjlighet att diskutera dessa med staten. Lokala aktörer uttrycker besvikelse och frustration om samråden har en begränsad inverkan på faktiska beslut. Besvikelsen kan underminera stödet för naturskydd och försämra relationen mellan stat och lokala aktörer i längden.

I ett av de undersökta fallen var de lokala aktörerna engagerade i att formulera en gemensam vision för området tillsammans med myndigheterna, något som annars är ovanligt. Det visade sig ha en mycket positiv effekt på samrådsprocessen och legitimiteten av naturskyddet.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017. 284 s.
Serie
Södertörn Doctoral Dissertations, ISSN 1652-7399 ; 128
Nyckelord
Participation, legitimacy, multi-level, governance, actor involvement, marine protected areas, coastal management, public consultation, locals, nature resource conflict, public-private relations, HELCOM, Baltic Sea, Sweden, Deltagande, samråd, naturvård, miljöskydd, samhällsstyrning, länsstyrelse, naturreservat, marin förvaltning
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap Tvärvetenskapliga studier
Forskningsämne
Miljövetenskapliga studier; Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31809 (URN)978-91-87843-74-7 (ISBN)978-91-87843-75-4 (ISBN)
Disputation
2017-02-24, MA624, Alfred Nobels Allé 7, Huddinge, 13:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen
Tillgänglig från: 2017-01-30 Skapad: 2017-01-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-05-16Bibliografiskt granskad
Petrogiannis, V. & Rabe, L. (2016). What Is It That Holds A Region Together?. Baltic Worlds In-house edition, 5-9.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>What Is It That Holds A Region Together?
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Baltic Worlds In-house edition, 5-9 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Published
Nyckelord
region, Baltic
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan samhällsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-29753 (URN)660/42/2013 (Lokalt ID)660/42/2013 (Arkivnummer)660/42/2013 (OAI)
Projekt
Spaces of expectations
Anmärkning

ISBN 978-91-87843-44-0

Tillgänglig från: 2016-03-17 Skapad: 2016-03-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-30Bibliografiskt granskad
Boström, M., Rabe, L. & Rodela, R. (2015). Environmental non-governmental organizations and transnational collaboration: The Baltic Sea and Adriatic-Ionian Sea regions. Environmental Politics, 24(5), 762-787.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Environmental non-governmental organizations and transnational collaboration: The Baltic Sea and Adriatic-Ionian Sea regions
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Environmental Politics, ISSN 0964-4016, E-ISSN 1743-8934, Vol. 24, nr 5, 762-787 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous studies of environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGO) have primarily taken place within a nation-state perspective without considering multiple levels of politics and governance. Because environmental problems are usually cross-border phenomena, environmental movements must develop transnational features to play constructive roles in politics and governance. This study contributes to the theorizing and study of transnationalization of ENGOs by illuminating the different regional conditions for this process. The conditions for ENGOs to develop transnational collaboration are explored by comparing ENGOs from six countries in two macro-regions: Sweden, Germany, and Poland in the Baltic Sea region, and Italy, Slovenia, and Croatia in the Adriatic-Ionian Sea region. Grounded in the literatures on social movement theory and ENGO transnationalization, the study identifies how different national, macro-regional, and European institutional structures shape the conditions under which ENGOs develop cross-border collaborations, and demonstrate the importance of long-term and dynamic interplay between processes that occur at the domestic and transnational levels.

Nyckelord
environmental non-governmental organizations, environmental movement, macro-region, EU, transnational, collaboration, Adriatic Sea, Baltic Sea
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)
Forskningsämne
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-27158 (URN)10.1080/09644016.2015.1027057 (DOI)000358414000007 ()2-s2.0-84937253302 (Scopus ID)192/3.1.1/2013 (Lokalt ID)192/3.1.1/2013 (Arkivnummer)192/3.1.1/2013 (OAI)
Projekt
Conditions for Participatory Environmental Governance in a Regional Context: The Baltic and Adriatic Sea RegionsEnvironmental governance in context: a study of process dynamics, contextual features and outcomes in four empirical cases
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen, 33044601
Tillgänglig från: 2015-05-01 Skapad: 2015-05-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-04Bibliografiskt granskad
Rabe, L. & Saunders, F. (2013). Community-based Natural Resource Management of the Jozani-Pete Mangrove Forest: Do They Have a Voice?. Western Indian Ocean journal of marine science, 12(2), 133-150.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Community-based Natural Resource Management of the Jozani-Pete Mangrove Forest: Do They Have a Voice?
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Western Indian Ocean journal of marine science, ISSN 0856-860X, Vol. 12, nr 2, 133-150 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Local participation, especially in natural resource management, has been promoted as a key strategy in the quest for sustainable development. Community-based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) is an approach that has generally been promoted as an institution that genuinely includes and empowers ‘local people' in natural resource use and management. This paper examines how local participation in conservation projects works in practice by drawing on concepts from institutional and actor-oriented theories and applying a case study approach to examine community-based mangrove management at Jozani-Pete, Zanzibar. Here CBNRM became embedded within a conservation agenda that resulted in conflict, resistance, frustration and uncertainty amongst community members. The paper offers insight into how exogenously initiated CBNRM projects have difficulty gaining traction unless they both address existing power relations and deliver on promises of material benefits. If they fail to do so the experience of the Jozani-Pete case study suggests that CBNRM may work to further marginalize already marginalized people.

Nyckelord
Community-based Natural Resource Management, CBNRM, public participation, common pool, mangroves, resources, Zanzibar
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap Tvärvetenskapliga studier
Forskningsämne
Miljövetenskapliga studier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-25551 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2014-12-18 Skapad: 2014-12-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Boström, M., Rabe, L. & Rodela, R. (2013). Environmental Non-Governmental Organizations and Transnational Collaboration in Two Regional Contexts: The Baltic Sea and Adriatic Sea Region. In: : . Paper presented at ESA 11th conference: Crisis, Critique and Change, Torino, August 28-31, 2013.. .
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Environmental Non-Governmental Organizations and Transnational Collaboration in Two Regional Contexts: The Baltic Sea and Adriatic Sea Region
2013 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Enbart muntlig presentation (Refereegranskat)
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap Social och ekonomisk geografi
Forskningsämne
Politik, ekonomi och samhällets organisering; Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-25234 (URN)1335/42/2010 (Lokalt ID)1335/42/2010 (Arkivnummer)1335/42/2010 (OAI)
Konferens
ESA 11th conference: Crisis, Critique and Change, Torino, August 28-31, 2013.
Projekt
Conditions for Participatory Environmental Governance in a Regional Context: The Baltic and Adriatic Sea Regions
Forskningsfinansiär
Östersjöstiftelsen, 1335/42/2010
Tillgänglig från: 2014-11-15 Skapad: 2014-11-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-30Bibliografiskt granskad
Hassler, B., Gilek, M., Jönsson, A. M., Lockne, E. & Rabe, L. (2013). Problems and potential solutions to effective communication among stakeholders in the Baltic Sea shipping for reduced air pollution: Outcomes from a survey. Clean Shipping Currents, 2(5).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Problems and potential solutions to effective communication among stakeholders in the Baltic Sea shipping for reduced air pollution: Outcomes from a survey
Visa övriga...
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Clean Shipping Currents, ISSN 2242-9794, Vol. 2, nr 5, -33 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This report presents the results of a web survey distributed to stakeholders in the Baltic Sea marine sector regarding environmental communication on air pollution from shipping. The survey was carried out in the spring and summer of 2012. Drawing on the literature on risk communication and environmental governance, the main focus was placed on so-called communication barriers, that is, possible hindrances to effective communication among stakeholders on how to reduce air pollution without threatening sector competitiveness. The results show that although there is a dense networking among stakeholders in this sector, there is a demand for improvements in communication in (a) exploratory phases among broad groups of stakeholders and (b) operational phases among selected groups of e.g. business and research teams. To facilitate the emergence of such improved communication, regional organizations such as HELCOM and EU could play important roles. Furthermore, it is shown that there is a perceived need among many stakehold­ers to step up the involvement of certain stakeholders, for example fuel companies, in collabora­tion on how to reduce pollution from shipping in cost-efficient ways. Finally, the results show that although continuous improvements of international regulation is a vital part of the governance of the marine sector, compliance will suffer if operators’ incentives are too strong in favor of not con­tributing to reduced pollution levels. Therefore, there is a strong need for innovative thinking on how to design such incentive schemes, not the least in relation to the continued implementation of Baltic Sea SECA and NECA as well as of the Baltic Sea Action Plan.

Nyckelord
Communication barriers, Marine pollution, SECA, NECA, Marine governance
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap
Forskningsämne
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-20159 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2013-11-12 Skapad: 2013-11-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-30Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9614-5877

Sök vidare i DiVA

Visa alla publikationer