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  • Wärmegård, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Fredagsunderhållning i i SVT 1 och P3 - public service eller inte?: En kvantitativ och kvalitativ innehållsanalys av SVT:s Alla för en och SR:s Helgen i P32018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att undersöka underhållningsprogram som sänds på svenska public service-kanaler för att se om de lever upp till public service idealet samt vilken kvalitet denna typ av program har. Undersökningen görs på två underhållningsprogram. Ett radioprogram, Helgen i P3, och ett tv program, Alla för en. Frågeställningarna ska svara på hur väl hela Sverige är representerat i dessa program, hur många aktuella händelser som tas upp i programmen, till vilken grad programmen uppnår satta kvalitetskrav och om det man kan senågon skillnad mellan underhållningsprogrammeni radio och tv.

    Studien bygger dels på en kvantitativ innehållsanalys av totalt 19 avsnitt från de två olika underhållningsprogrammen, 10 avsnitt av Alla för en och 9 program av Helgen i P3. För att komplettera resultatet från den kvantitativa undersökningen görs också en kvalitativ innehållsanalys av fyra avsnitt, två från vardera program. Resultatet diskuteras sedan utifrån McQuails och Syvertsens definitioner av public service samt ställs mot von Rimscha el als krav på public service-underhållning.

    De båda innehållsanalyserna visar att Alla fören representerar hela Sverige bättreän vad Helgen i P3görmen att Helgen i P3 är mycket bättre på att ta upp aktuella händelser. När det kom till kvaliteten av programmen var Alla för en bättre än Helgen i P3 på vissa kriterier, på andra kriterier var dettvärtom. Slog man ihop alla kriterier var programmen lika bra. Public service idealet uppehålls med dessa två program i tablån, men för attuppnåhela public service idealet behövs även andra program som bidrar med till exempel speciellt innehåll för minoriteter och spegla de delar av landet som är orepresenterade i dessa två program. En av de tydligaste punkterna som underhållningsprogram kan bli bättre på, när de har kultur som fokus, är att få in mer kultur som inte kommer från västvärlden.

  • Runsten, Viktor
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Sirén, Bille
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    (O)jämställd rapportering i allmänhetens tjänst?: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av rapporteringen i SVT:s Sportspegeln och Yles Sportrutan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka och belysa genus i sportrapportering i public service-medier i Sverige och Finland. Huvudspåret i undersökningen är en kvantitativ innehållsanalys av SVT:s och Yles huvudsportsändningar. Sändningarna analyseras utifrån frågeställningar som hur mycket utrymme totalt som ges åt herr- respektive damidrott och hur högt de olika könens idrott och de olika grenarna prioriteras. Vårt teoretiska ramverk utgörs av genusteori, dagordningsteori och teorier om kommersialisering. Innehållsanalysen kompletteras med kvalitativa intervjuer med centrala personer som ansvarar för innehållet i programmen.

    Underlaget för den kvantitativa innehållsanalysen är sammanlagt 74 avsnitt av SVT:s program Sportspegeln och Yles program Sportrutan, vilket ger totalt 1072 analysenheter. Vi undersöker avsnitten med fokus på idrottarnas kön, längden på inslag, typ av sport med mera.

    Undersökningen visar att SVT har en högre andel kvinnor i sin sportrapportering än Yle, men att båda bolagen prioriterar herridrott betydligt högre än damidrott. Intervjuerna visar att SVT:s redaktion har ett tydligt fokus på genustänk, medan Yle saknar en liknande jämställdhetsplan. Utifrån resultatet drar vi slutsatsen att kvinnor är underrepresenterade i sportrapporteringen och att SVT har en mer jämställd rapportering tack vare en medveten strategi.

  • van Bruggen, Malin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Cajback, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    "Alla ska få känna tillhörighet": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om fritidsgårdens arbete med barn i fattigdom2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to investigate various aspects of child poverty related to the work at youth centers. The purpose of the study is also to investigate experiences of the area in which the youth center is located. In order to investigate the purpose and questions of the study, six individual interviews have been conducted with the staff at a youth center located in a suburb in Stockholm city. The empirical material has been analyzed based on theories of class and consumer society. The study answers three questions with the first one describing the staff’s view of the area in which the youth center is located, as well as what effects these descriptions may have on their clientele. The remaining issues deals with the social consequences of child poverty which the staff identify and work counteracting. The study's conclusions show that the relative child poverty can adversely affect the social life of youths. It can cause difficulties in the maintaining of social relationships with peers and create feelings such as shame, fear and exclusion. This is explained by the demands placed on individuals to achieve a desirable class and consumer level. The study also showsthat the area’s character has an impact on the clientele. Furthermore, the study concludes that the youth center is working actively against the social consequences via inclusion, health and care.

  • Björkman, Lotta
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Intersubjektivitet och prestigelöshet, intentionalitet och oförutsägbarhet: En fenomenologisk studie av lärarstudenters upplevelse av lärarutbildares undervisning genom interkulturalitet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate education students’ experience of interculturality in their own intercultural teacher education at Södertörn University College. The intercultural policy of this education states that interculturality is something that the students shall learn about, for and through. The focus in this study is on the last aspect, through. How do students experience that teacher educator’s practice inter­culturality? The ontological and epistemological ground on which this study is based is the life-world-phenomenological way of thinking. The object of knowledge in a study guided by this perspective is people’s experiences, how the world reveals itself for them. The life-world-phenomenology has guided both the methodological decisions and actions and has been a tool in the analysis of the material. The study has been conducted as a survey with 97 students in three different teacher programs at Södertörn University College and as three focus group interviews (4-5 people in each group) with students within the same programs. The survey used open questions and the interviews were conducted using a semi-structured interview technique. The theoretical perspectives used in the analysis of the results are: the phenomenological perspective, the theory of relational pedagogy and Hanna Arendt’s idea of action as one of the fundamental categories of the human condition. The results display a red thread through the students’ statements. A thread that starts with a definition of interculturality as interaction and enriched learning through the meeting of others’ experiences continues through the sometimes monocultural reality of a university education where it also meets and is affected by the approach of the teacher. An approach that has consequences on the educational process and that can either enable the intercultural interaction and enriched learning or just the opposite. The intercultural educational process can “take off” or just crash. Qualities that seem to get the intercultural spiral going are intersubjectivity, unpredictability, intentionality and lack of prestige. They evoke contact, curiosity, security and the willingness to be with others. Teacher educators who are interested in and able to introduce these qualities into teaching are by students’ experienced as teachers who teach through interculturality.

  • Asplund Klingstedt, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Carlsson, Kajsa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    En studie av individers interaktion med företag på Instagram2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media is today a large and important part of most people's everyday lives. The combination of the high user frequency, ready availability and cost efficiency makes social media an attractive marketing channel. Instagram is one of the largest players on the Swedish market and it is based on visual content. Because of the focus on visual content, Instagram is a more complex service to analyze and therefore research on this service is still limited.

    We have chosen to examine the service Instagram from a marketing perspective in order to identify which factors make individuals choose to follow and interact with companies on Instagram. This was done through a combination of quantitative- and qualitative data in the form of a questionnaire and semi-structured interviews. The study showed that it is common that individuals follow companies on Instagram but that they are selective regarding which companies they choose to follow. They need to gain some sort of value from the account in order to continue to follow and interact with the company on Instagram. For a company to be interesting to follow and interact with on Instagram it is required that the company meet a number of parameters which are presented in the study. Most common was a continually updated stream of visually appealing and inspiring images and videos. The study also shows that there is a majority who feel they have a better relationship with companies they follow on Instagram compared to the companies that they don’t follow on Instagram but do follow on other social media.

    Based on the conclusions of this study companies that are active on Instagram and therefore communicate mainly through visual content have a lot to gain. By using this study companies can develop a strategy to optimize their presence on the Instagram in order to get people to interact with them, to expand the knowledge of the company on the market, strengthen relationships and to increase the company's sales.

  • Eriksson, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Giacomello, Giampiero
    Universita` di Bologna.
    Who controls the Internet?: Beyond the obstinacy or obsolescence of the state2009In: International Studies Review, ISSN 1521-9488, E-ISSN 1468-2486, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 206-230Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the Internet being a truly global phenomenon, understanding how this is controlled should yield observations of relevance for the study of global governance more generally. The Internet, and how it is controlled, should therefore be a concern for all students of world politics, and not only for the smaller albeit multidisciplinary community of scholars engaging in ‘‘Internet studies.’’ A first step is to acknowledge that Internet control varies across time, space, and issue-areas. To better understand such complex patterns of governance, we need to go beyond universal generalizations. In an attempt to support the middle-range theorizing, which arguably is needed, this essay introduces and briefly unpacks three analytical questions: What are the key aspects of Internet control? What actors might control what aspects of the Internet? And, finally, under what conditions are different types of actors likely to control various aspects of the Internet?

  • Granström, Therese
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Vad är äkta mode på gatorna?: En semiotisk bildanalys av maktstrukturer inom street style fashion photography2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idén om fotografigenren street style fashion photography är att den visar upp den vanliga människan, i vanliga kläder i en vardaglig kontext. Idén bakom fotografiet i sig går i samma linje om att visa upp det äkta, och i liknande stil skapades de sociala medieplattformen Instagram – för att publicera äkta bilder ”on-the-go”. Tidigare forskning visar dock på att fotografi, Instagram och street style fashion photography inte är lika vanligt och äkta som idéerna om dem. Fotografi handlar om att sätta sig själv i relation till världen och på så sätt skapas en typ av makt.

    Denna uppsats syftar till att blottlägga maktstrukturer i street style fashion photography bilder publicerade av influensers på plattformen Instagram. Metoden som används för att analysera materialet är Roland Barthes semiotiska denotation och konnotationsmodell, de fynd som hittas i analysen diskuteras därefter i relation till Pierre Bourdieus fältteori för att, på en relationell nivå, förstå hur maktstrukturerna placerar ut influenserna på det svenska modefältet online.

    Analysen visar att bilderna i materialet är högst uppstyrda och planerade, det konnoterar olika idéer om kommersiellt mode och kulturproducerat ”högmode”, lyxiga miljöer och ”vanliga” gator, allt detta i förhållande till Instagram estetik och vad som är vinnande visualiteter. De tre influenserna, vars bilder analyseras i studien, placeras i olika positioner på modefältet online men delar samtidigt på positionen som nykomlingar eftersom de kapital de visar upp skiljer sig mellan dem, samtidigt som strategierna för att ta sig an fältet är likande.

  • Åström, Ida
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Drömkandidaten: En kritisk diskursanalys om hur den ideale sökande konstrueras i platsannonser inom bygg- och fastighetssektorn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to investigate how an ideal job applicant is described when searching real estate janitors and real estate managers in job advertising using a Swedish linguistic perspective. This is achieved by looking at how the model reader is constructed i.e. if the ways to describe the two occupational groups differ, if the descriptions tend to include or exclude groups of applicants, and if and how a relationship is created between the employer and the recipient and if so what kind of relationship.

    The material consists of ten job advertisements where the employer is looking for real estate janitors and ten job advertisements where the employer is looking for real estate managers. The choice of method for the study is systemic functional grammar, critical discourse analysis and gender coding. Theoretically I also start from the systemic functional grammar and the critical discourse analysis, though with an emancipatory approach.

    The descriptions of the dream candidates that is created in the ads differ between the two occupations. Real estate janitor is a job which requires more practical skills, while the job as a manager requires more theoretical skills. The ideal real estate janitor has equal numbers of masculine and feminine qualities. The dream candidate is self-propelled, service-oriented and is able to plan the working day in an efficient way. Since the employer seems to have a dominant attitude towards the janitor their relationship tends to not be very close.

    The ideal dream candidate created for real estate managers is also very self-sufficient, but he or she also has a strong internal drive and likes to run projects in combination with a strong sense of responsibility. The ideal real estate manager has a little more feminine than masculine qualities. The relationship between the employer and the ideal real estate manager is more symmetrical than the relationship that is constructed with the ideal real estate manager.

  • Wengström, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    “On My Volcano Grows the Grass”: Towards a Phenomenology of Desire in Autobiography of Red2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis establishes a phenomenology of desire in Anne Carson’s novel-in-verse Autobiography of Red. It examines how desire constructs the self in the text and how it positions it in relation to its surrounding world. The self’s status in the text is read through Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari’s understanding of desire and their concepts becoming and deterritorialisation as explicated in Anti-Oedipus and A Thousand Plateaus.

    These concepts are used to map the transformative power of desire in Autobiography of Red and provide an approach through which to understand the tenuous nature of self in the text. It reveals desire not as located solely in the relation between the text’s protagonist Geryon and Herakles, but as a movement that animates and constructs the text. It reads the “red” of the title, the presence of the volcano, of lava, as essential to the text, mapping how the force of desire positions the self and undoes the notion of a phenomenal “background”.

    Deleuzian desire has linguistic implications and the thesis further extends the use of becoming and deterritorialisation to understand Carson’s poetics and the text as the site that gives rise to a phenomenology of desire. The text is deterritorialised and Carson articulates a way of relaying experience beyond the representative mode.

    The thesis offers a reading of Autobiography of Red with a Deleuzian theory of desire, which is a new approach in Carson scholarship. As such it hopes to open up both the poetic text and theoretic text to new understandings and create points of departure for further research.

  • Gustafsson, Ingrid
    Internrevisionen och det paradoxala oberoendet2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Begreppet ”oberoende” används allt mer frekvent i samband med olika former av granskning. Ofta menas då att granskaren är oberoende från den granskade, till exempel genom att de tillhör olika organisationer. Men vad händer när oberoendeidealet ska praktiseras inom en organisation? Med internrevision inom Polisen som utgångspunkt studerar Ingrid Gustafsson hur och vad som ska skiljas åt för att berättelsen om oberoende ska bli trovärdig. Det är alltså inte en värdering av oberoendet som står i fokus, utan arbetet för att skapa det.

    Med hjälp av begreppet ”gränsarbete” studerar hon hur oberoende granskning hanteras och skapas generellt och bidrar samtidigt, mer specifikt, till en större förståelse för internrevisionens praktik och villkor.

  • Nigren, Rebecca
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Risberg, Tina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Vem får arbeta med reklam?: En kvalitativ studie om skapandet och reproduktion av homogenitet i reklambranschen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate underlying factors that create and maintain homogeneity in the advertising industry, and how those who produce advertising relate to this. The study is based on an intersectional perspective in order to reach a deeper understanding of how inequality is created in the advertising industry. The study's empirical data has been collected based on six qualitative interviews with women who work at different advertising agencies in Stockholm. Our results show that high financial, social and cultural capital affects the work opportunities favourably, and contributes to the industry's homogeneity. The term habitus has been used to locate and create an understanding of how homogeneity is created and reproduced. Furthermore, current norms and values ​​within the industry have been identified and have created an understanding for the appearance of the homogenity. The result also shows that the advertising as a product, and the informants' experiences of their own workplace are affected by the industry's homogeneity, which has led to the argumention for a greater diversity among the employees. Advertising has a position of power in today's consumer society where they have influence over people's self-identities, which has led to the argument for a greater diversity among employees would had been favorable for everyone in order to be to feel represented, but also that the homosocial reproduction where men currently possess positions with more power should be broken in order to create a more equal industry which in turn can be a step towards a more equal society.

  • Kling, Nicole
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Människan bakom diagnosen: En studie om hur föräldrar till barn med Downs syndrom upplever det samhälleliga bemötandet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The person behind the diagnosis is a qualitative interview study by Nicole Kling. The study examines how parents of children with Down syndrome experience the social treatment in a time when prenatal diagnosis is on the rise. Foucault’s biopolitical and Rose’s ethopolitical perspectives serve as theoretical frameworks for the analysis of how the parents experience and relate to the social treatment of them and their children. The study’s results show that society’s strong norms of normality play a crucial role for the interviewed parents’ experiences of being regarded as “deviating”. Ignorance, undemandingness and carelessness lead to discrimination of the children, and the lack of expectations of society on them is often seen by the parents as more disabling than the diagnosis itself. In such a society children born with Down syndrome can be seen as pathological elements in a population that strives for normality. Therefore, this study wishes to contribute to the body of research dedicated to explore the impact of biopolitical strategies on the plurality of society.

  • Karlsson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Den identitetslösa anställningen: En kvalitativ undersökning om konsulter inom ekonomibranschen och deras arbetssituation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this study, is to examine how consultants within the finance industry perceive their working role and their opportunities to influence their work situation. Furthermore, this study concerns whether the consultants experience any differences in how they are treated compared to permanent employees at the client company. The study has qualitative focus, where semi-structed interviews have been conducted with six consultants in the financial industry. Theoretical concepts from Herzberg (1993) and Elias and Scotson (2010) have been used to analyze the results. The result shows that the consultants in general are satisfied in their work roles, but deficiencies also became clear with reason in their form of employment as consultants. This is mainly evident in practical differences compared to permanent employees, where the consultants need to be more flexible to their colleagues and their staffing company. It also becomes clear how the consulting role is divided, where long-term missions are desirable for a better work situation. Shorter assignments often implicate that consultants get a lower autonomy in their work and faces a more socially exposed position, while longer assignments tend to lead consultants to be better integrated with the client company.

  • Grönvik Möller, Ida
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Gustafsson, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Vägen till lojala medarbetare: En kvantitativ studie om intern employer branding2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate the attitudes towards the employer brand of an individualcompany from an employee perspective. By applying the Employer Attractiveness scale(EmpAt) (Berthon et al. 2005), it is investigated how the employees perception ofattractiveness of the employer varies depending on selected demographic components.Furthermore, the purpose is to establish whether a statistically significant relationship existsbetween employees loyalty and perception of the employer attractiveness. A quantitativeresearch method in terms of an online survey is used when collecting the data of the study,which is later analyzed using the statistical computer program SPSS. The results indicate thatthere are no significant demographic differences regarding the perceived attractiveness of theemployer. A strong positive correlation has been identified between the attractiveness of thestudied company and its employees loyalty. The results of the study are only applicable to theparticipating population, and cannot be generalized to a different population than the studyparticipatory.

  • Felicia, Davidsson
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Olivia, Förberg
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Den agila trenden: En organisationsstudie om hur och varför agila metoder implementeras och vilken påverkan det får på de anställda2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims through a qualitative approach to study how agile methods are practised in a Swedish bank. The aim of the study is to understand the motives behind the choice to implement the agile methods, how the change process has been practised and finally what effects it gives to the employees in the company. Interviews with both the employees and the management of the bank has led to an understanding of their different views on the agile way of working through their individual experiences. Observations has visualised how the method is practiced, which contributed to a wider perspective. As analytical tools, theoretical concepts such as organizational recipes, the stakeholder model, process change, resistance, cynefin, human relations and efficiency are used. The result of the study shows that there has been both internal and external factors as the basis for the implementation of agile methods. The bank has intended for the change process to be agile with constant improvement as a goal. Uncertainty is an effect of the agile methods and is explained by a difficulty in applying the method throughout the business. The primary effect is increased efficiency, which is the management's main goal. How it affects the employees positively is through increased well-being for those motivated by the agile way of working and negative for those who is not. The study's conclusion is that it is difficult to implement a working method that generates positive effects for all employees.

  • Davidsson, Cecilia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Tillitens stratifiering: En sociologisk studie om kapitalsammansättningens betydelse för unga vuxnas tillit till och krav på myndigheter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine which mechanisms affect young adults' trust in authorities, with a focus on capital composition, and specifically cultural capital (education). Through this focus on capital, the study examines the underlying factors that affect what requirements that young adults feel that they can demand of/put on authorities. The data material has been collected through six interviews with young adults aged 20–30 who are, or during the past year have been, registered at the Public Employment Service (Arbetsförmedlingen) in Stockholm, Sweden. The reference framework that formed the basis for the analysis consists of Pierre Bourdieu's capital theory and the concept of habitus, in addition to Max Weber's theories on status and accumulation of opportunities.

    The results of the study shows that capital composition correlates with trust level, but that the level of trust also relates to which extent an authority meets the expectations that exist around their services. Moreover, the results show that the level of trust correlates with the level of risk the young adult must take to trust authority. 

  • Johansson, Linnea
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Snecker, Elvira
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    "För min egen vinning och för organisationens vinning”: En sociologisk studie av hur medarbetarsamtal kan påverka individers upplevelser av motivation, tillfredsställelse och välmående2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze how the employee interview affects the employees’ motivation, work satisfaction, psychosocial work environment and the opportunity to develop. To find out how the employees experience this, the study is of a qualitative nature. The employees’ experience of employee interviews is investigated through semi- structured interviews with consultant managers at various companies. The theoretical framework used to analyze the results is Karasek and Theorell's (1990) theory of stress in working life, Herzberg's (1993) theory of hygiene factors and motivational factors at work, and finally Maslow's (Maslow och Frager 1987) hierarchy of needs. The result shows that the employee interview increases motivation by discussing the employees result, offer support and talk about the opportunity to develop. It also leads to an improved relationship with the boss which increases the work satisfaction. The psychosocial work environment is indirectly affected, since the interview makes room to talk about the employees’ mood, the colleagues and the workplace. Development opportunities are also affected in a positive sense, as the employee can lift his or her long-term goals during the employee interview. The consultant managers in this study have a positive picture of the employee interview and believe that it is necessary to do feel good and do a good job.

  • Kulbay, Fatih
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Sütcü, Robin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    "Du hade tur att du var reko": En studie om identitet, territoriell stigmatisering och organisatoriskt deltagande2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper’s written by Fatih Kulbay and Robin Sütcü, which aim has been to explore how living in a territorially stigmatized place affects one's identity and self-image, but also of the impact that civil society have on the individuals sense of belonging. The aim has also been to exteriorize coping-strategies from the stigmatization. This field study is comprised of semi- structured interviews which have taken place in Fryshuset Husby and Reactor in Husby. Our theoretical framework has been Erving Goffman's concept of stigma which have made operationalized by Bruce G. Link and Jo C. Phelan. The thesis regarding grouping in Norbert Elias and John L. Scotsons The Established and the Outsiders have also been utilized in our analysis as well as previous research. The result has been varying overall on the individuals’ identity and self-image, which have in some cases been strengthened, in other cases lead to further insecurities or frustration, which in turn gave rise to different strategies. Furthermore, a correlation between one’s identity and sense of belonging to Husby and society at large respectively exists, which relates to Goffman's final phase of maturity where these organizations have had a positive impact on the individuals’ identity, self- image and belonging.

  • Abbasi, Tara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Bostadsmiljöns påverkan på unga kvinnors identitetsutveckling: En studie om sex unga kvinnor och deras upplevelser av identitet och stigmatisering2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative and empirical study was to study a group of young women and how they shaped their identites through their experiences and selfrealisation in the suburb Tensta. The main focus of the study was to find what significance and impact the environment had and how much it effetct the individuals’ self image and place in society. Further more the study was done through semi-structured interviews. The different kinds of theories used in this study were mainly Goffman's theory on stigma, Link and Phelan’s explanation model for the process of stigmatization, Skegg’s theory on effeminately as a norm, and the author Sobring etc. as the source to understand the different identity concepts. With the help of these explanation models we learned to comprehend and get a better view of what these young women felt in their stigmitized area called Tensta and how it affected their identity and behaviour. Also, in how they saw themselves and their self image we could draw real life conclusions and what we found out was that these women had ambitious feelings about the future with a general positivity despite their location. Even though they have been and are still being discriminated and stigmitized against, they still keept a postive outlook on life.

  • Berg, Josefin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Börjeson, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    "Vad jobbar du med?": En kvalitativ studie av hur identitet och status är förankrat i yrkestitlar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate if and how job titles come with status for individuals. It is also of interest to study whether job titles can be linked to the identity of the individual. To reach an answer to these questions, we have conducted eight semi-structured interviews with nine respondents who work within eight organizations with offices in the Stockholm region. All respondents belong to their respective organizations’ Human Resource department. The study is based on theories including Goffman (2009), Hinton (2003), Jenkins (2014) and as well as Ulfsdotter Eriksson and Flisbäck (2011) that touches upon identity, categorizing and status. Results show that job titles have a considerable impact on the individual’s identity and status. However we see tendencies of attempts to distance oneself which might cause the work title to become less significant in the identity and status process. All interviews clearly show that social structures are strongly connected with the individual’s identity and status.

  • Amsih, Sandra
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Juurikka Montonen, Jasmine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    "Dom tror alla i förorten är kriminella": En kvalitativ studie om relationen mellan ungdomar och polis i Flemingsberg2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine the relationship between youths and the police in Flemingsberg, by studying how the parties perceive each other. The empirical data has been collected with qualitative interviews with three youths living in Flemingsberg and three police officers who works in Flemingsberg. The study's theoretical starting points are based on Goffman's theory of stigma, Bauman and May’s theory of "we" and "them", as well as Weber's theory of authority. Furthermore, the conceptual starting point of the study is also presented, where the concepts segregation and suburb are described.

    The study's results show a poor relationship between youths and police, which is partly based on a substandard understanding and communication between them. The interviews have also shown different perceptions when the police want to be in place to create good relations with the youths, but the youths feel that they do not live up to this when they are only visible in the area when problems arise. The youths also feel that they are discriminated in meeting with the police because of their ethnicity and that they believe that the police are abusing their authority. The police believe that they are being treated with hostility in a meeting with youths in Flemingsberg, especially when they are gathered in a group. This, in turn, has led to the creation of two separate groups. The study's conclusion shows that both the youth and the police believe that the relationship between them could be better, however, the young people consider that it is too late to build a relationship and the police experience obstacles to create a better relationship because of low police density.

  • Vega Piñones, Andrea
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Vad innebär det att förskolans verksamhet ska vila på vetenskaplig grund?: En kvalitativ studie om förskollärares upplevelser och reflektioner2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: What is meant by the need for education to rest on a scientific basis? According to Skolverket is at the heart of successful school development in education on scientific basis and proven experience.

    Theoretical starting points: In this section I will highlight the theoretical concepts that include in the work on the scientific basis. The theoretical concepts are: research-based approach, scientific basis, evidence, knowledge, systematic quality work, collegial learning, lifelong learning.

    Previous research: In this section I will explain what the research says that education should rest on a scientific basis. Then describe what the research says about school development. Then summarize Fröbels pedagogical philosophy and finally summarize the curriculum theory of the preschool. Forskningen säger att

    Purpose and issues: The purpose of this essay is to seek answers to what it means to preschool shall rest on a scientific basis and how to apply this to the business.

    Methods: The study is based on a qualitative data collection. The choice is based on the qualitative method is more appropriate for my study because the research question is about examining how preschool teachers perceive meaning with a scientific basis and how they understand their activities in relation to school laws and curriculum.

    Results: The result showed that preschool teachers experienced a lack of time, support from preschool managers and too little training. Also, the difficulty of transturning research into practice.

    Discussion: In the discussion section I discuss what came up in the results linked to previous research. I am debating that the results showed that in preschool It becomes more focus on the organizational, that the business will go around and work, instead of focusing on pedagogical issues and how to work research-based. Keywords: research-based approach, scientific basis, evidence, knowledge, systematic quality work, collegial learning, lifelong learning

  • Tan, Busra
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Etnisk boendesegregation: - En kvalitativ forskningsstudie om unga vuxnas erfarenheter och upplevelser av att bo i förorten Fittja2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kvalitativa studie fokuserar på den etniska boendesegregationen i bostadsområdet Fittja, beläget i Botkyrka kommun. Botkyrka kommun är ett så kallat miljonprogramsområde där de flesta invånarna har utländsk bakgrund och anses vara ett område där arbetslösheten är hög och villkoren är såsom hyran, mat, kläder är billiga. De flesta väljer att bo tillsammans med sina nära anhöriga som i sin tur samlar dessa på ett och samma område, ett segregerat område. Dagligen påträffar man fördomar och negativa kommentarer om utlänningarna i de segregerade områdena utifrån media, vilket vidare försvårar integreringen för dessa människor.

    Resultatet av studien är baserade intervjuer med sex Fittjabor, där deras upplevelser och erfarenheter av att bo i det etniskt boendesegregerade Fittja läggs i fokus. Studiens övergripande kunskapsmål är att förstå etnisk boendesegregationen ur de boendes egna perspektiv egna upplevelser, erfarenheter och förhållningssätt till sitt bostadsområde. Syftet är att studera segregationens grunder i människors aktiva val och strategier och analysera hur sex personer som flyttat till Fittja berättar om sin flytt.

  • Ohlsson, Jakob
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Husserl, Heidegger och intersubjektivitet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The discussion about Husserl's intersubjectivity theory is well established, the discussion about the same from Heidegger is not as extensive. Above all, there is little discussion about Heidegger as a critic of Husserl's intersubjectivity theory. Thus, the present paper describes Husserl's and Heidegger’s intersubjectivity theories in order to be able to account for Heidegger's criticism of Husserl's theory.

    The paper shows that Husserl bases his theory on empathy, while Heidegger bases it on the care of the equipment world, the They, everyday existence and the public. Heidegger criticizes Husserl for assuming the subject with an inner authentic core on which social and cultural life is incorporated. According to Heidegger, the most primary condition for humans is that we live in a shared world with other people.

  • Jirek, Therése
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Att vara eller inte vara på rätt plats: Om statushierarkier bland skådespelare2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis Att vara eller inte vara på rätt plats – Om statushierarkier bland skådespelare is a qualitative study, conducted by me, Therése Jirek, with the purpose of investigating the status hierarchies between actors educated at the public Swedish theater universities and actors educated at private/non public/other theater schools. The study also investigates how the hierarchies affect the work, social relations and dynamics between the actors. The study also looks at the professional pride and identity in relation to this.  The information was gathered using semi-structured interviews with six Swedish actors of different age groups and with different educational backgrounds. The theoretical framework with which the information was interpreted is the theories of the field and habitus by Pierre Bourdieu. The results and analysis are presented in three different parts (chapters): Part 1 – about production and reproduction of status, part 2 – about practices that preserve status and part 3 – about professional pride and identity. The study shows that the actors status is determined for the most part by his or her educational background and if and where he or she works. The status preserving practices are largely performed through silent agreements and self-regulatory behavior. The professional title is characterized by a strong sense of pride and is often rooted deep in the personal identity.

  • Gallardo Fernández, Gloria L.
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Saunders, Fred
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Ávila, Marcela
    Isakson, Alberto
    Greco, Iván
    Moscoso, Patricia
    Rodríguez, Daniel
    Granjeras del Mar: Luchas y Sueños en Coliumo2018Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the book is to make visible the history and aspirations of the Union of Independent Workers of Artisanal Fishermen, Shore Harvesters and Seaweed collectors, Caleta Coliumo − which in spite of its masculine name is composed only of women. In doing so the authors hope to contribute to supporting the Union’s ongoing struggle to secure productive livelihoods and contribute more widely to coastal sustainability in the region. These are goals that we think should involve partnerships between scientists, fishing organizations and local, regional and national authorities. The book is also a contribution to the general discussion on the Áreas de Manejo y Explotación de Recursos Bentónicos (AMERB) and especially to the entry of women into fishing in Chile.

    More particularly, this book focuses on the experience of women in Coliumo, in southern Chile (Bío-Bío region), who in the heat of the struggle for coastal resources with fishermen from an adjacent fishing cove, organized themselves and were successful in applying for and obtaining exclusive use rights in coastal marine areas under the system of Territorial Rights of Use for Fishing (TURFs). Gaining entitlements to TURFs soon evolved into a new struggle for resources, this time among women aligned with different fishing unions in Coliumo. The outcome of this struggle was the creation of a second TURFs, again governed only by an all-women fishing union. This demonstrated once again, that in addition to the women’s role as seaweed collectors, they were able to effectively exercise their recently acquired negotiation and managerial skills. These were capacities that even local fishermen came to admire. What began as a conflict with fishermen from another cove, became an avenue where two all-women fishing unions became managers of two TURFs entitlements in the village.  The women’s capacities to effectively manage their TURFs entitlements and related resources has resulted in increases in income and enhanced standing in their communities. The fishing union examined in the study will soon be moving up the value chain from seaweed collectors to producers. With the support of the State, there are also plans to develop small-scale algae aquaculture. Through the collective exercise of their own agency the women of Coliumo have empowered themselves not only as fishers and workers but also as resource managers, entrepreneurs and community leaders.

  • Roxell, Josefine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Strandberg, Olivia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    ”Det är ju inte direkt så att man kan ta ett jobb i kassan på ICA.”: -En sociologisk studie om hur arbetsmarknaden upplevs av akademiskt utbildade personer med funktionsnedsättning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine the description of experiences in the field of employment for people with disabilities who hold academic qualifications. The collection of empirical data has been prepared through semi-structured qualitative interviews conducted with five people working in the same industry with various occupational categories. 

    The report is based on Pierre Bourdieu's theory of capital, field and habitus.

    According to the study, the majority of those interviewed said that a well-established professional network can be a decisive factor in the search for work and equally important an academic qualification can open up the door to more opportunities in the labor market. Furthermore, a considerable proportion of the interviewees also outlined that due to their disability they do not have the ability to perform all type of work, such as a physical demanding job and they therefore said that to hold an academic qualification facilitates by the fact that the public sector often is less physically demanding. Moreover, the result outlines that the interviewees habitus is very much characterized by the right to be like "everyone else". Social capital also play a significant part in the decision  making regarding higher academic qualifications.

  • Sundgren, Amanda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Tjellander, Sandra
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Möjligheten att nyttja sin kompetens på riktigt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a qualitative interview study that investigates what enables motivation for publicly employed nurses and how this affects their choice to be publicly employed in front of the alternative of becoming staffing nurses. As analysis tools, the sociological concepts of valuerational and rational-purposeful actions, idealization and identity work is use in conjunction with the psychological theoretical model Self-determination theory. The results of the study shows that publicly employed nurses experience a continuity in their work situation, which they imagine that they could not experience to the same extent if they were staffing employees. Continuity enables them, through their competence, to satisfy their intrinsic interests and motivations - to meet people and make something meaningful for others.

  • Spinova, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    R&D tax incentives: Do R&D tax incentives stimulate innovations and economic growth? Evidence of OECD countries2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the impact of tax incentives on the firms’ innovative activity and economic growth by using sample of 28 OECD countries. The study using panel data analysis and applies fixed effect OLS models. The results of the econometric investigation indicate that tax incentives have significant and positive effect on the R&D expenditure. Regression analysis also shows a positive significant impact of R&D tax incentives in combination with direct funding for business R&D. The paper finds no evidence of significant relationship between tax incentives and economic growth. The research also finds a positive significant impact of direct R&D support, R&D expenditure and tax incentives on registered patents. We suggest to apply public support policy including both types of support since previous studies showed that tax incentives and direct funding are not perfect substitutes.

  • Larsson, Pontus
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Vad ska vi äta?: En etnologisk undersökning om hur mat kategoriseras2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här etnologiska uppsatsen är att undersöka hur några män och kvinnor i åldrarna 30 – 36 förklarar och förhåller sig till värderingar och faktorer som de tillskriver mat samt hur de resonerar när de måste förhandla mellan dessa värderingar och faktorer. Undersökningens material bygger på fem semistrukturerade intervjuer som transkriberats i sin helhet genom en helhetsanalys. Den teori som tillämpats på materialet är hämtad från strukturalismen och är inspirerad av binära oppositioner, ritualer och klassificeringssystem som bland andra antropologen Mary Douglas använder sig av. Uppsatsens resultat visar att det finns komplexa samband mellan vilka vi är och vad vi väljer att äta.

  • Bergvall, Emma
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Backerling, Minna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Mitt arbete blev tilldelat: En sociologisk studie av hur osäkra anställningar påverkar de anställdas vardagsliv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to investigate young adult workers' experience of having an insecure employment and whether it affects the employee's ability to establish themselves in society. The study is based on six qualitative interviews with young adults between the age of 20–30 years old. The young adult had a part time or temporary employment. These types of employment are classified as insecure employment in this study. The employee´s have harder to plan their future, privacy, working life and economics.

    The data material has been analyzed using different theoretical perspectives. These are flexible labor markets, precarious employment, shame model and self-identity theory. The results of the study show that insecure employment affects young adult workers in their daily lives and working life. The form of employment has shown in the interviewees that it affects the mental health by experience stress and concern for the future. The stress is primarily based on the planning of everyday life. We could see that well-being at the workplace was an important part of the interviewer's experience of good working conditions. Other consequences of insecure employment is that the economy becomes unpredictable as the workings days are in many case only short term planned without a promise of extended employment. There were also some positive effects of having an insecure employment. These positive consequences are not as obvious as the negative ones.

  • Möller, Josefin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Lundström, Erika
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    ”Jag förknippar Stockholm med karriär, att man vill bli något. Att man inte är nöjd med livets färdiga väg som vi är i Skellefteå.”: En kvalitativ studie om hur individens identitet och självbild påverkas av bostadsorten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur individens identitet och självbild påverkas av bostadsorten. Studiens empiri har samlats in genom kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio individer uppväxta och bosatta i Stockholms kommun samt Skellefteå kommun. Ett flertal teorier om identitetsskapande, från exempelvis Bauman (2004) och Pripp (2001), har använts för att förstå fenomenet. Resultatet av studien visar hur intervjupersonerna upplever en stolthet över att bo i respektive kommun, samt att individens identitetsskapande påverkas av förväntningarna som är kopplade till platsen. Intervjupersonerna från Stockholms kommun upplevde en förväntning på att ha en utbildning och en växande karriär, medan intervjupersonerna från Skellefteå kommun upplevde en förväntning på att bilda familj tidigt samt ha ett stabilt arbete. Den egna identiteten stärktes när intervjupersonerna talade om sig själva i relation till den andra gruppen, vilket skapar en slags maktobalans mellan de två kommunerna. 

  • Kroné, Nelly
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Gauffin, Oscar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    ”Jag jobbar inte hemma, men jag svarar ju på mail”: En kvalitativ studie om det gränslösa arbetets påverkan på arbetstagaren2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how white-collar workers are affected by working borderless, that is, work that is flexible in relation to time, space, and organizational borders. The research questions address the workers experience of the boundless work, how it affects their relationship between working life and private life, and how it affects their organizational and social work environment. The study is qualitative. Semi-structured interviews have been conducted with eight individuals working in white collar work with the possibility to work in other spatial forms than at their specific workplace. The theoretical framework chosen as a tool for analyzing the results is; Sennetts (2000) theory about flexibility, Karasek and Theorells (1990) Demand-Control-Support-model and parts of Goffmans (2014[1959]) dramaturgical perspective. The results show that the borderless work has both pros and cons for the employee, the benefits being that it can contribute to a better balance between working life and private life for the employee. The disadvantages mainly concern the prolongation of working hours and the fact that, with the new information and communication technology development, it may be difficult for the employee to distance himself from work. The results also show that within the borderless work there may be lack of clear requirements as well as control of the employee. When combined with a borderless working time, that can lead to a pressured situation for the employee.

  • Hempel, Carl
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Bengtsson, Jonathan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Styckmörderskan och styckmördaren: En jämförande textanalys om mediernas framställning av en kvinnlig och en manlig styckmördare2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens fokus ligger på att undersöka om det förekommer skillnader i hur svenska tidningar skildrat två gärningspersoner med olika könstillhörigheter utifrån ett genusperspektiv. För att ställa forskningsfrågan på sin spets är de valda gärningspersonerna dömda för ett av Sveriges grövsta brott, styckmord. De två gärningspersonerna är i liknande ålder, deras offer är båda unga kvinnor och brotten begicks med endast cirka ett års mellanrum. Båda fallen prövades i hovrätten. Det som skiljer dem åt är att gärningspersonerna vid brottstillfällena hade olika könstillhörigheter. Genom en kritisk diskursanalys och med hjälp av genusteori, gestaltningsteori och teorin om det ideala offret ska mediernas gestaltning av gärningspersonerna undersökas för att ge svar på uppsatsens forskningsfråga: Hur skiljer sig mediegestaltningen av Jonna Henningsson och Kristoffer Johansson i Aftonbladets och Dagens Nyheters nyhetsrapportering på webben?

    Total analyserades 16 artiklar från Dagens Nyheter och Aftonbladet där de nedslag i tiden som gjordes var gripandet, åtalet, tingsrättens dom och till sist Hovrättens dom. Genom att använda hovrättens dom som underlag för undersökningen har den fungerat som en bakgrund till det som skrivits i de båda tidningarna. Resultatet visade att det förekom fyra framträdande skillnader i hur de valda medierna gestaltade de båda gärningspersonerna. Dessa skillnader återfanns i hur gärningspersonerna benämndes, deras motiv, deras psykiska tillstånd och vilka roller de blev tilldelade. Genom att analysera detta resultat med hjälp av studiens valda teorier drogs slutsatsen att de valda tidningarna var påverkade av strukturella genusnormer i sina gestaltningar av de båda gärningspersonerna. Detta har resulterat i en skillnad i hur de rapporterade om gärningspersonerna på grund av deras könstillhörighet.

  • Ayata, Asude
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Turkisk diaspora i arbetslivet: En interaktionistisk analys av upplevelser och erfarenheter av att vara turk på arbetsplatsen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about the Turkish diaspora in Sweden and how whose thoughts about being a Turk interact with how they perceive their work environment. The purpose of the paper is to analyse how four individuals with Turkish background interact with surrounding actors at their workplaces in Sweden and when, where, and how their Turkish identity is performed.

    Following are the questions asked to fulfil the purpose of the study;

    •  How do high educated Turks in diaspora experience being Turkish in Sweden?
    •  When, where, and how is the Turkish identity performed?
    •  How do high educated Turks in diaspora interact with and perceive their surrounding actors in workplaces in Sweden?

    The results show that the participants do not have a direct experience of being a Turk. Their experiences are mostly a result of their interaction with others and of others’ perception of their Turkish identity.

    The results also show that the Turkish identity is often visible in interaction with actors outside the Turkish diaspora. However, the heterogeneous Turkish diaspora shows that perceptions of religion, politics and education can be identified as critical factors at play in interactions within the Turkish diaspora.

    Participants’ interaction with others and their perceptions of their workplaces are highlydependant on the workplace. Depending on the workplace’s heterogeneity or homogeneity the experiences differ. Some of the participants have developed strategies to eliminate conflicts associated with their Turkish identity.

  • Aguerre Falk, Ainoa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Ölund Pereira, Soleil
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Vad hände med yoga? Från heligt till fettförbränning: En kvalitativ undersökning om yoga i Stockholm2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of writing this essay has been to find out what shape yoga has been given in Stockholm, as social processes have left their mark. With a mixed method we've performed a qualitative research to figure out how people reason regarding the subject and how the discourse forms by the active community. We have interviewed people who either teach yoga or performs yoga on a daily basis. We have also analyzed webpages belonging to yoga studios which are active in Stockholm. The central theories have been Durkheim’s theory about the holy and profane, also his theory about the ritual which has been reworked by Collins who added the theory about the symbol. McLeod’s theory about postcolonialism and Said’s theories about orientalism, exotification and the positioned superiority, has together with Askegaard and Eckhardt’s theory about the shapes of yoga also been important in this thesis. We have discovered that yoga has been shaped into two forms; a holiness which the yoga performers finds within themselves and the second form: a product of consumption which modifies to fit the market.

  • Andic, Berna
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Lärares arbetssätt inom området läsförståelse, med inriktning på årskurs 4, 5 och 62018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how four teachers in grade 4, 5 and 6 choose to work with reading comprehension within the Swedish subject. In this study the focus is on the following issues:

    - How do the teachers work to get the students to understand the texts they are reading?

    - How do the teachers in the Swedish subject describe reading comprehension?

    In order to conduct the survey, I have used two methods, these are interviews and observations. After carrying out four observations and four interviews, I have analyzed the empirical material by means of three theories relating to each other. These three theories are the socio-cultural perspective, reciprocal teaching and transactional strategy instruction. The result of this study shows that the four teachers primarily choose to let the students read short texts taken from a textbook, then let them answer questions related to these texts. This was reflected in the observations and interviews.

    During the interviews, all teachers said reading comprehension is a very comprehensive concept that consists of several different parts, and that these parts together constitute the concept of reading comprehension. These include for instance, understanding the texts we read and being able to use these texts according to the teachers.