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  • Varela, Daniela
    et al.
    Kaun, Anne
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    The Netflix Experience: A User-Focused Approach to the Netflix Recommendation Algorithm2019Inngår i: Netflix at the Nexus: Content, Practice, and Production in the Age of Streaming Television / [ed] Theo Plothe, Amber M. Buck, New York: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2019, s. 197-211Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Kjellsdotter, Mira
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Erfarenheter i dialog: En vetenskaplig essä om boendestödjarens lärande2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna vetenskapliga essä utgår från författarens personliga erfarenhet som boendestödjare i form av en gestaltning. Syftet med essän är att formulera boendestödjarens praktik utifrån gestaltningen samt med hjälp av Aristoteles Den Nikomachiska etiken samt Donald A. Schöns Educating the Reflective Practitioner reflektera över vilken kunskap som boendestödjare använder samt hur det är möjligt att lära sig densamma. Metoderna består av skrivande, fenomenologiskt tillvägagångssätt gällande gestaltningen och hermeneutiskt utforskande.

    I essän presenteras en personlig och historisk bakgrund samt ett forskningsurval rörande boendestöd. Därefter diskuterar författaren, utifrån Aristoteles teorier, kring syftet med boendestöd och de kunskapsformer som återfinns i den inledande gestaltningen. Författaren diskuterar vidare hur boendestödjaren lär sig dessa kunskaper med utgångspunkt ur Schöns teorier. Därefter diskuteras instruktioner i ett annat sammanhang, utifrån den konceptuella konstnären Sol LeWitt. Essän avslutas med att författaren bland annat konstaterar att den praktiska kunskapen är centrala inom boendestödsarbetet även om instruktioner kan uppmärksamma författaren om medelvägen.  

  • Flytström, Jesper
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Huliganism i media: En kritisk diskursanalys över Aftonbladets och Expressens skildring av fotbollsrelaterat våld och hur diskursen förändrats över tid2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate two Swedish, national newspapers and their depiction of football related violence. Through a critical discourse analysis this essay aims to illuminate the discourse practices that are being reproduced in media and also how the discourses have changed over time. The essay analysis articles around two casualties in Sweden (2002 & 2014) that are a direct result of football violence.

    The material contains of twenty-four analyzed articles from Aftonbladet and Expressen.

    A critical discourse analysis has been used for both the theoretical framework and method, with Fairclough’s three-dimensional model as analytical tool.


    The result shows that both Aftonbladet and Expressen depict football violence through a wide perspective and describes the problem with the help of multiple agents that have varied experience on the subject. The main discourses that have been distinguished have been named; The discourse of responsibility, The discourse of amendment and The discourse of security. Another less recurrent discourse that have been distinguished is the discourse of the victim. In the analysis it is manifested that the order of discourses has changed over time and that some discourses have been more or less established.

  • Paraskevas, Caroline
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Våld mot äldre kvinnor i nära relationer: En kvalitativ studie om socialtjänstens arbete med äldre kvinnor som utsatts för våld i nära relationer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how social workers, within the social services, supports and helps older women who have been/are victims to violence in close relationships. The purpose is also to gain understanding of the social workers experiences with this group. Interviews with social workers within this area, relationship violence unit in Stockholm, has been a method to collect information for the purpose of this study. The material has been analyzed from several points of view: organizational, grass- roots bureaucracy, discretionand intersectionality. As a result, to this study, some lacking in discretion are shown. The results shows lacking in discretion in forms of e.g resources, and interactivity among different units regarding this group. In conclusion, improving arrangement concerning elderly violence victims are being discussed.

  • Syeda, Masuda
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Barn och pedagogens reflektion: En kvalitativ studie om barns lärande och reflektionens betydelse2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Reflection is nowadays often used as a learning tool in preschool. In order to learn more about reflection as a tool, more research is needed. The first purpose of my study is to show what reflection is and why it is important for children’s learning. Another purpose is to investigate how educators use reflection in preschools in Sweden. In addition, this study aims to find out which factors affect the quality of reflection. To achieve these aims,  three research questions have been selected: ‘What is the significance of reflection for children and educators and how does it affect the children's learning?’, ‘How do educators use reflection with the children?’ and ‘Which factors have an influence on reflection as a tool?’. The method used in this study is tree observations and nine interviews. These were analyzed to produce the results. The theoretical framework used is Vygotsky's socio-cultural learning theory and the study focuses on two central concepts, namely scaffolding and cultural tools. The results show that children's and educator's reflection is of great importance to children's learning. In addition, they indicate that the teachers work differently to reflect with the children. They use reflection when children gather as a group, with open questions, when doing small group work and with digital tools. The results also show that if the learning environment is inappropriate, reflection cannot be used. An additional result is that a deep reflection is time-consuming and therefore requires a sufficient amount of educators. Finally, the educators own will and understanding play a major role in the effectiveness of reflection as a tool.

  • Bayzeed, Lukas George
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    FDI, Economics Freedom, and Growth in the devevloping countreiss2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the relationship among economic freedom, foreign direct investment and real per capita growth. We first study the relationship between economic freedom and FDI. Then investigate the effects on the growth with foreign direct investment and four indicators from the Heritage Foundation index, government spending, monetary freedom, business freedom, and trade freedom. The panel data of 91developing countries in the period of 2000-2017 are used. The fixed effect least squared dummy variable model is employed. First, we find that overall score of economic freedom has the positive and the significant sign of the impact on FDI. In more details, only the government spending, monetary freedom, and trade freedom seems to be the most relevant. Second, we find that the FDI insignificantly affects the growth in the countries of consideration. However, economic freedom such as trade freedom and monetary freedom are important to the growth. The policy implication is that enhancing the economic freedoms rather than the foreign direct investment might be beneficial to economic growth in the developing countries.

  • Mourad, Nicole
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Rasoul, Alice
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Hur kan expansion inom sociala organisationer se ut?: En kvalitativ studie om expansionsprocesser2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Together, the state and business community have contributed to the development of society. However, from a global perspective there are still problems with, among others, poverty, injustice and environmental degradation. This has in turn contributed to the growth of NGOs (non-governmental organizations) and, above all, both social enterprises and social entrepreneurs have become important players to counteract these trends.

    Objective: The overall purpose of this study was to map out the patterns that may prevail during the process of expansion within social enterprises. The study also sought to analyze the similarities and differences between the start and the maturation phases of such expansion. Finally, the study aimed to analyze whether expansion may be a strategy that can enable social enterprises to survive.

    Method: This study is based on a qualitative approach. Seven organizations were selected to participate in the study and the empirical data collection consisted of interviews and document analysis. The empirical data was analyzed using content analysis.

    Conclusion: The conclusion that can be drawn from this study is that all of the enterprises expanded in order to be able to pursue their social objectives. Furthermore, all of the enterprises reinvested their surpluses back into the enterprises. The patterns that could be mapped out during the expansion process were networking, needs analysis, strategy and planning, external help and innovation.

  • Mackenbach, J. P.
    et al.
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Rubio Valverde, J.
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Bopp, M.
    University of Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Brønnum-Hansen, H.
    Copenhagen University, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Costa, G.
    University of Turin, Turin, Italy.
    Deboosere, P.
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.
    Kalediene, R.
    Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Kovács, K.
    Demographic Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary.
    Leinsalu, Mall
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Sociologi. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Martikainen, P.
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Menvielle, G.
    Sorbonne Universités, Paris, France.
    Rodriguez-Sanz, M.
    Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain / CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain.
    Nusselder, W. J.
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Progress against inequalities in mortality: register-based study of 15 European countries between 1990 and 20152019Inngår i: European Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0393-2990, E-ISSN 1573-7284Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Socioeconomic inequalities in mortality are a challenge for public health around the world, but appear to be resistant to policy-making. We aimed to identify European countries which have been more successful than others in narrowing inequalities in mortality, and the factors associated with narrowing inequalities. We collected and harmonised mortality data by educational level in 15 European countries over the last 25 years, and quantified changes in inequalities in mortality using a range of measures capturing different perspectives on inequality (e.g., ‘relative’ and ‘absolute’ inequalities, inequalities in ‘attainment’ and ‘shortfall’). We determined which causes of death contributed to narrowing of inequalities, and conducted country- and period-fixed effects analyses to assess which country-level factors were associated with narrowing of inequalities in mortality. Mortality among the low educated has declined rapidly in all European countries, and a narrowing of absolute, but not relative inequalities was seen in many countries. Best performers were Austria, Italy (Turin) and Switzerland among men, and Spain (Barcelona), England and Wales, and Austria among women. Ischemic heart disease, smoking-related causes (men) and amenable causes often contributed to narrowing inequalities. Trends in income inequality, level of democracy and smoking were associated with widening inequalities, but rising health care expenditure was associated with narrowing inequalities. Trends in inequalities in mortality have not been as unfavourable as often claimed. Our results suggest that health care expansion has counteracted the inequalities widening effect of other influences. © 2019, The Author(s).

  • Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Local Media Ecologies Social media taking the lead2019Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 40, nr S2, s. 51-68Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Legacy media and social media are intertwined in a complicated relationship in local media ecologies. The recent national Swedish SOM survey on media use shows that people use Facebook more than local newspapers (both paper and online) to stay up to date with local events. In contrast, though, users still regard legacy media like subscription newspapers and the regional public service as more important sources than social media. Local newspapers are experiencing a decline in their number of users, but new hyperlocals are showing more stable numbers. Nevertheless, newspapers produce most of the original news reporting, and the public service and hyperlocals have more complementary positions in local media ecologies. They are all meeting the audience in the expanding public sphere of Facebook.

  • Tenor, Carina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Logic of an Effectuating Hyperlocal Entrepreneurial processes and passions of online news start-ups2019Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 40, nr S2, s. 129-143Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines motivations, rewards and strategies in hyperlocal news entrepreneurship. The material is an interview study with eight entrepreneurs who independently own and manage hyperlocal news sites in Sweden. The conclusion is that the means of the hyperlocal entrepreneur both motivate and create an obstacle for growth. The findings of struggling business models, self-exploitation and civic motivations correspond with previous research in different countries, but alternative perspectives are suggested drawing from theories of entrepreneurial passion and processes. Civic motivations can be viewed as part of entrepreneurial passion, and the precarious nature as a low-risk effectuation process. The effectuator explores possible outcomes of given means and builds the business by controlling the affordable loss rather than calculating the possible return. Along with the obvious difficulty in finding a profitable business model when operating in a very small market, this implies a new perspective on failure and success in hyperlocal entrepreneurship, but also underlines that any measures of support for the sector need to be easily accessible for the individual entrepreneur.

  • Kahlin, Linda
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Svenska.
    Tykesson, Ingela
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Svenska.
    Romanitan, Mihaela Oana
    Karolinska institutet.
    Reparationssekvenser i nyanlända läkares samtal med kolleger och patienter2019Inngår i: Språk och interaktion, ISSN 2242-2277, E-ISSN 2242-2285, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 27-44Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Weigelt, Charlotta
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Filosofi.
    Nussbaum, Aristotle, and the Problem of Anthropocentrism2019Inngår i: Martha Nussbaum: Ancient Philosophy, Civic Education and Liberal Humanism / [ed] Anders Burman & Synne Myreböe, Stockholm: Södertörns högskola, 2019, s. 49-68Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Elander, Astrid
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Filosofi.
    Meningens vara: En undersökning av meningsbegreppet i Heideggers Vara och Tid2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the concept of meaning in Sein und Zeit. By identifying a paradox in the question constituting the outset of Heidegger’s ontology, i.e. the question of the meaning of Being, the need of a clarification of the concept of meaning unfolds. According to Heidegger, namely, we have been asking the question of Being without even knowing what we mean; we have forgotten to ask the question of the meaning of Being. At the same time, since the actual question of Being necessarily is a question of the meaning of Being, i.e. since we, as human beings and as the sole origin of the question of Being, necessarily mean something with the questions we ask, we have been asking exactly the question we have forgotten to ask. What then, I ask, is this element, that we have been asking for but forgotten to address? What is meaning? Asking this question on the basis of Sein und Zeit, I argue, is necessarily to explore the Being of meaning, since meaning is something found in the constitution of Dasein, the human being, and since the explication of Dasein evolving in Sein und Zeit concerns exactly its Being. After clarifying this question, the study proceeds in three chapters, the first concerning the basic structure of Dasein, the second the understanding, as the knowing of this structure, and the third the explication, in which we finally find the constitutive elements of meaning, i.e. it’s Being. In dialogue with secondary sources, I then aim to discuss the implication of this Being, epistemic as well as political and ethical. Subsequently, I ask what this Being implies for the paradox initially noted.

  • Johansson, Johanna
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Ranius, Thomas
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala.
    Biomass outtake and bioenergy development in Sweden: the role of policy and economic presumptions2019Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we review and analyse the policy design of biomass residue outtake in Sweden, focusing in particular on how public authorities specify and motivate rules and guidelines for the extraction of slash and stumps. The results show that the Swedish regulations are built on a mixed approach, including both voluntary, procedural and substantive requirements. The recommendations emphasize many merits of residue extraction, particularly climate change mitigation, new employment opportunities and reduced dependency on energy supplies from abroad. We identify a strong focus on precaution, evident in the risks for undesirable effects on nutritional balance and heavy metals in the soil, on biological diversity and on water quality in lakes and watercourses. The recommendations have remained relatively stable during the last 10 years, but the harvest of forest biomass for energy has varied. The annual harvest rate was positively related with energy prices. Harvest was much more extensive in the south, which is closer to the market. We conclude that economic presumptions have influenced the extent of slash harvest while environmental concerns seem to have limited the extraction of whole stumps. We expect that current levels of residue outtake can quickly change if the energy prices change.

  • Rytkönen, Paulina
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, ENTER forum. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Företagsekonomi.
    Tunón, Håkan
    Centrum för Biologisk Mångfald, Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Bele, Bolette
    Norskt Institut för Bioekonomi.
    Affärsutvecklingsmanual för fäbodbrukare och mathantverkare2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Affärsutvecklingsmanual för fäbodbrukare och mathantverkare kan användas av alla företagare som har en verksamhet som är baserad på natur- och kulturvärden, men särskilt livsmedelsproducenter av olika slag. Den beskriver affärsutveckling utgående från koncept som sensoriska egenskaper, terroir, koppling till natur- och kulturvärden, historia och tradition samt frågor om lokala allianser. Målet är att trycka på konsten att värdera en vara utifrån dess unika egenskaper och att föra den insikten vidare till konsumenten. Denna manual har tillkommit inom ramen för interregprojektet Biologiskt kulturarv som hållbar värdeskapare (2016–2019) som hade som mål att gynna företagande baserat på traditionellt nyttjande av utmarken, främst i form av utmarksbete av olika slag.

  • Petkovic, Jelena
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Valenzuela Hansen, Pablo
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning: En fallstudie om kommunikation och anställdas insikt i hållbarhetsarbete2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of our study is to understand how companies communicate sustainability internally. Furthermore, the study also aims to contribute with increased knowledge of employees’ insight into corporate sustainability reporting.

    Research questions: ❖How is sustainability communicated internally?❖To what extent are employees aware of corporate sustainability work?

    Method: In order to achieve the purpose and answer the study's questions, we have chosen to carry out a case study with two types of data collection. The empirical material for the study has been collected using both qualitative and quantitative methods. The qualitative material comes from structured interviews with the sustainability managerand three employees, while the quantitative data is based on a collection of 219 questionnaires that have been answered by employees at Spendrups.

    Conclusion: The study's results have shown that communication of sustainability work can take place in different ways and that different departments may prefer to absorb information by different sources of information. Knowledge of the sustainability work has been influenced by the employees' attitude towards sustainability. In addition, there are patterns that different departments have relatively more knowledge of sustainability issues related to their daily routines and tasks.

  • Burman, Anders
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Idéhistoria.
    Myrebøe, SynneSödertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier.
    Martha Nussbaum: Ancient Philosophy, Civic Education and Liberal Humanism2019Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    From texts first published in 1972 up to her most recent work, this volume consists of seven articles that discuss Martha Nussbaum’s work focusing on her treatments of ancient philosophy, civic education and liberal humanism. The volume provides a general overview of these three aspects of Nussbaum’s philosophy and raises some concerns and critical questions about specific parts of her work. In addition, the volume is thematically organized; some articles deal with Nussbaum’s readings and uses of ancient philosophers—specifically, Heraclitus, Plato and Aristotle, respectively—while the others examine her views on liberal education, cosmopolitanism, human rights and aging.

    As one of our time’s most influential philosophers, Martha Nussbaum displays the relevance of philosophy for contemporary political and ethical concerns. Engaging with her philosophical work brings to light some of the most pressing questions of our time.

  • Linnala, Laura
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap. Laura Linnala.
    Frames of climate change skepticism: A comparative framing analysis of climate change skeptics in Sweden and the world.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    We live in a time of changing climate and global warming, creating an urgency for policy- and societal ameliorative action. Increasing climate change skepticism in the Anglo-Saxon parts of the world as well as in Europe risks delaying urgent actions needed. This thesis studies a climate skeptical blog site and network in Sweden, Klimatupplysningen, and analyzes strategies used. A comparative framing analysis is conducted where frames compiled from previous research is searched for and analyzed in a randomly selected material of 150 blog posts.

    The results from the research show that strategies and frames from previous research to a large extent match those in Klimatupplysningen. Two new frames appeared from the material; Media & Debate and Humor. The new frames are indicative of a contextuality of online social media as main platform for communication and networking. More research is needed on effects on audiences from blogs and other social media.

  • Mohammadi, Fereshteh
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Framing Kurdish Female Fighters: A qualitative content analysis of media representations of female fighters of Kobane in Arabic, Kurdish and Russian Media2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    With the uprising of the Arab Spring in Syria in 2011, a myriad of news articles covering Syrian people' protests were published in the international media. However, it was after the Islamic State’s (IS) attacks on Syria and accordingly, Rojava region ​– the ​Democratic Federation of Northern Syria, de facto Autonomous Region ​– in 2014, that the region became the attention center of the international media. A considerable number of academic articles have analyzed the representations of the Kurdish female fighters in the Western media in different angles, such as the framing of the female fighters, their motivations, their roles in the war etc. There may exist a limited number of academic papers analyzing the Kurdish female fighters from the non-Western media perspective which might present a different picture from that of Western media analysis. Applying framing theory in combination with a qualitative content analysis approach, this study is intended to explore the Kurdish female fighters’ framing in Arabic, Kurdish and Russian media, namely Al-Jazeera, ANF and RT, respectively. Moreover, orientalism theory, feminist theory on militarization and war, and war and peace journalism theory are implied to investigate the framing of the kurdish female fighters in the three media.

  • Runefelt, Leif
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Idéhistoria.
    Små och stora rörelser: Mekaniska konstkabinett och utbudet och efterfrågan på förundran, 1780-18802019Inngår i: Kungl. vitterhets historie och antikvitets akademien Årsbok 2019: , Stockholm: Kungl. vitterhets historie och antikvitets akademien , 2019, s. 177-188Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Hall, Mikael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Idéhistoria.
    Sedlighetens återkomst: Axel Honneths aktualisering av Hegels sedlighetsbegrepp2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis I argue that the concept of actualization is a useful point of entry for understanding what the German philosopher Axel Honneth does in regard to the concept of ethical life [Sittlichkeit] from Hegel’s Philosophy of Right. Actualization can be understood as an a historical contextualization, which in this case entails using Hegel’s concept of ethical life to cast light on contemporary political and philosophical issues. Using a notion of social freedom, where individual freedom is understood in such a manner where it only can be realized in cooperation with others, Honneth actualizes ethical life as a society where institutions contain the norms and customs that make possible the realization of social freedom. With this understanding of ethical life Honneth uses his actualization for the purpose of critiquing the social order from a more sound and immanent perspective than those critiques based on abstract notions of right or morality. His actualization makes it possible to take the Hegelian notion of ethical life and turn it into a tool for critiquing current institution for not realizing the norms and customs that they immanently should. He can argue for a moral notion of the market where exchanges must be so that everyone benefits, and that strong trade unions and consumer cooperatives are necessary for this to be the case. Regarding the political situation his actualized notion of ethical life isused to expand upon the theory of deliberative democracy strengthening it through showing that social freedom is a requirement for it and that it cannot be realized only in the political sphere and must be realized throughout the entire ethical society. He thus compliments the theory of deliberative democracy with a broader notion including both the family and the market as necessary components. Concluding I argue that Honneth’s actualizations shows that it’s possible and a worthwhile endeavour to return to Hegel’s political philosophy and the notion of ethical life

  • Disputas: 2019-12-13 10:00 MA 636, Huddinge
    Karlberg, Eva
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Sociologi. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Organizing the Voice of Women: A study of the Polish and Swedish women's movements' adaptation to international structures2019Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union has become an important arena for international politics. Various actors try to influence the European-level executive and legislative authorities. Lobbyists in Brussels are not the only type of actors promoting the interests of others. Today, national-level social movement actors too are present at the European level, pushing the interests of various citizen groups and social issues. To do so, however, they need to adapt to the European Union’s multilevel governance system by speaking with one voice. As this thesis demonstrates, at the national level this adaptation may entail a number of organizational challenges for movements.

    Organizing the Voice of Women regards national-level social movements adapting to international structures. Taking the cases of the Swedish and the Polish women’s movements and their relation to the European Union as examples, the analysis follows two separate, yet similar, processes of forming and maintaining nationwide meta-organizations – that is, organizations of organizations – that can speak for the two respective movements. Through the cases of the two women’s movements’ adaptation to international structures, the study explores the challenges involved when a new layer of organization is added to a social movement.

    The results show that organizing the voice of the Swedish and the Polish women’s movements has been particularly challenging when conditions such as a tradition of umbrella organizing and stable financial resources are absent at national level. The results also show that competition and conflicts are apparent in both cases and inherent in meta-organizations, and that they have been possible to deal with differently depending on the two movements’ national settings. With an organizational perspective on social movement coalitions, this study contributes to the classic question of institutionalization, formalization and bureaucratization of social movements. It ultimately asks what it means to organize a field of social movement actors and what happens at the junction of organization and social movement, at the intersection of national and international interests. A wider implication of the study is that the issues it highlights are to be expected whenever the internationalization of national movement activities takes the form of meta-organization.

  • Tsioki, Anita
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Borg, Karolina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Engaging, Inhibitive or an Organizational Chaos?: A Phenomenological Study on Employees’ Perception of the Activity-based Flexible Office2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study discusses employees’ perception of a rather new and progressive office type, namely the Activity-based Flexible Office, the A-FO. Within this office type, the employee does not have a personal desk, but instead changes workspace depending on the task at hand. The aim of the study was to examine how employees perceive this type of office and their experiences of working within it. In previous research, a model has been created within this field as an attempt towards a theoretical framework, the A-FO-M. Whereas studying this model, we saw some notions not being thoroughly explored, although mentioned in other preceding research. Thus, the need of exploring these aspects further felt vital and therefore, we combined the A-FO-M with other preceding research and created a synthesis with a set off our themes. A qualitative method was chosen and furthermore, a phenomenological approach. This approach suggests examining a certain phenomena, the A-FO in this case, based on the experiences and perceptions of an individual, the employee. Interviews were implemented on a specific company to succeed in reaching our aim. The six interviews completed gave us the empirical results we needed to attain an analysis and thereafter, conclusions.

    Overall, our findings correspond with the presumptions of the A-FO-M. However, due to Klarna having a certain structure, somewhat differing from the traditional A-FO, the results were contradicting in some cases. The majority of the respondents felt they were able to perform their task without major problems. Some respondents felt that the office made them more open, while others did not feel any impact on their persona in relation to the A-FOs features. Our findings support that the A-FO is a very sociable office type, whereas you constantly meet and interact with people, both known and unknown to you. The respondents appreciate that there is little distance between them and their managers. Additionally, it is found that managers within A-FOs need to have high trust in their employees. Conclusively, some results may be somewhat dependent on the individual and their preferences.

  • Rehnberg, Hanna Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Svenska.
    PISA-press: Svenska och finländska mediekonstruktioner av ”världens största elevstudie”2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    PISA-chock, PISA-kris, Pisa-effekt. En typ av ord som blivit så etablerade i medierna att vi knappt höjer på ögonbrynen längre. Möjligen är detta anledning nog att skärskåda dem?

    Den ekonomiska samarbetsorganisationen OECD, som står bakom den internationella elevstudien PISA, är beroende av medierna för att nå ut med sitt budskap. Samtidigt är medierna beroende av PISA som nyhetskälla. Och på en mer grundläggande nivå är både OECD och medierna beroende av språket.

    I denna rapport undersöks mediekonstruktioner av PISA i artiklar publicerade under ett års tid i två svenska och två finländska tidningar. De vägledande frågorna är: På vilka sätt framställs och används PISA – och hur görs det rent språkligt?

  • Björk, Erik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Design as Play: lek design utbildning praktik2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay from my perspective as a furniture designer and theacher at a design college I explore the idea that design actually is (playful) play. And if not exactly play that a playfulmind is an asset when it comes to being a designer as well as an teacher. From two portrayals and throughout the essay from experience as designer I study the different concepts play, design, design-process and creativity to see what tears them apart as well what binds them together.

  • Björk, Harald
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande.
    Musikframförandets magiska rum: Ett rum för handling tillsammans bortom vardaglig verklighet2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    By using the scientific essay and modern hermeneutic understanding as method the essay Musical performance, a space of magic examines the mental and physical room for musical performance. The focus is, as the title reveals, the sense of a higher state of interconnection which can occur between the performing artist and audience. The essay examines the musical performance as a collective act; seeing both the performer and the audience's as maneuvering actors in the room. The performance is understood as an act together.

    The theoretical reflection of this scientific essay is largely based on the concept of play defined by Johan Huizinga. For an understanding of knowledge in action, practical knowledge, the essay investigate the concept of fronesis defined by Aristotle. For an understanding of collective knowledge about sensory experience, the essay search understanding in Jonna Bornemark's thoughts on a concept of judgment understood as a framework for quality built from within a practice by its actors. The essay also discusses John Dewey's thoughts on the creative process and collects experience from literature on improvisational music.

    The essay contributes from a hermeneutic understanding with an experience based reflection and offer the reader a ground for continued scientific reflection on professional knowledge in music performance.

  • Vikblad, Carl Johan
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Utveckling och internationellt samarbete.
    Lekare, Denise
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Utveckling och internationellt samarbete.
    The livelihoods of municipal solid waste workers – sustainable or a vicious cycle of debt and vulnerability?: A case study in Babati, Tanzania2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines sanitation workers who work with solid waste management and analyses their ability to create a sustainable livelihood based on livelihood assets and strategies. The study was undertaken in Babati, Tanzania and a qualitative method was applied, consisting of interviews and observations. The main findings were that sanitation workers employed four livelihood strategies, however, only two of these were sustainable and contributed towards a positive livelihood outcome. Multiple stresses were identified, such as low wages, inability to save money, unsafe work conditions, exposure to bacteria and other contaminants and no access to social services. Shocks were identified as work-related injuries resulting in extended time off work, wages being paid out late and sudden illness. This made the sanitation workers terms of employment in Babati almost equivalent to that of waste workers and waste pickers in the informal sector, despite being employed by the local government authorities. As a result, the workers were not able to attain a sustainable livelihood and the livelihood outcome appear to be a vicious cycle of debt and vulnerability. A key characteristic for this study is its examination of Tanzania’s political context and institutional framework as important factors that affect the sanitation workers’ resource base and strategies as well as their exposure to vulnerabilities.

  • Moussa Yeni, Mariam
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Özdemir, Dilan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Is corruption the sander or grease to the wheel of economic growth in Africa?: An empirical analysis examining the relationship between corruption and economic growth in Africa2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out in what magnitude corruption affects economic growth in Africa, based on 8 variables chosen; GDP per capita growth, Corruption Perception index, Capital, Education, Unemployment rate, Worldwide Governance Indicators. There is an ongoing fight against corruption world-wide. The most severe condition of corruption is centered in large parts of Africa based on data from Transparency International. For this reason, the scope is to research if the high level of corruption hasan impact on the economic growth and if so, how big of an impact it has on economic growth, based on factors implemented. A panel data analysis is conducted to econometrically estimate how corruption effects economic growth in Africa. Previous studies in this subject and literature that speak of corruption as “grease to the wheels” and “sands to the wheels” is the foundation for the study. Results show no significance when it comes to the relation between CPI and economic growth. Therefore, no conclusion can be made.

  • Avebäck, Freja
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Medieteknik.
    Pagan, Katarina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Medieteknik.
    Hur påverkas vi av interaktionen med sociala medier?: En kvalitativ undersökning på hur människors mående påverkas av interaktionen med Instagram och dess funktioner2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Skribenterna har valt att fördjupa sig kring interaktionen mellan människor och sociala medier, där de undersökt hur människors mående påverkas av interaktionen med sociala medier. Applikationen som valdes inför arbetet var Instagram. Undersökningen bestod av 40 stycken deltagare i åldersgruppen 18 - 26 år. Deltagarna valdes slumpmässigt till en skriftlig enkätundersökning som utfördes på studenter på Södertörns Högskola i Stockholm. Utöver enkätundersökningen genomfördes sex stycken samtalsintervjuer utifrån de ursprungliga deltagarna från enkäten, vilket gjordes för att samla in mer djupgående material om ämnet.       

    Resultaten har visat att interaktionen bland användarna sker främst via delningar, gillningar och kommentarer än genom andra funktioner som Instagram har att erbjuda (exempelvis chattfunktion och livesändning). Under intervjuerna framkom det att respondenterna använder Instagrams funktioner till stor del för att skapa en större gemenskap mellan sig och sina vänner. När det kommer till interaktionens påverkan på måendet visade det sig att detta inte genereras direkt av applikationen, utan snarare av vilka du som användare följer på din profil. Deltagarna i undersökningarna som genomförts för uppsatsen förklarar både att de påverkas, men även att de inte påverkar deras mående. Det är väldigt olika beroende på hur man som användare interagerar med applikationens olika funktioner. Studien har inte visat ett tydligt resultat på frågan om det finns en tydlig koppling mellan interaktionen med Instagram och användarens mående.

  • Grönlund, Viivi
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Företagsekonomi.
    Sasi, Sara
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Företagsekonomi.
    Vikten av visuell identitet hos varumärken: En studie om hur den visuella identiteten formar konsumentens varumärkesuppfattning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Today we live in a society that focuses more and more on the visual aspects. Visual identity is the most visible part of a company's communication with the outside world, yet it is relatively unexplored in the academic literature. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how consumers perceive brands based on their visual identity. The thesis will include a qualitative method, consisting of a semiotic image analysis and focus group interviews. The results show that the perception of the brand based on the visual identity depends on the expectations the consumer has about the industry. The visual identity of the chosen companies was considered refreshing, exciting and playful, which attracted consumers. But the more consumers became aware of their visual identity, the more skeptical they became.

  • Kaun, Anne
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Time of protest: an archaeological perspective on media practices2019Inngår i: Citizen media and practice: Currents, Connections, Challenges / [ed] Hilde Stephansen, Emiliano Treré, London: Routledge, 2019, s. 113-126Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Kaun, Anne
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Doing time / Time Done: Exploring the temporalities of datafication in the Smart Prison2019Inngår i: Mediated Time: Perspectives on Time in a Digital Age / [ed] Maren Hartmann; Elizabeth Prommer, Karin Deckner, Stephan Görland, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, s. 129-147Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Söderlind, Emilie
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Retorik.
    Toleransens Diktatur: – För att retoriken inte kan rädda oss2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is often considered to be one of the world's most tolerant countries. This is often illustrated by questions surrounding religious expression, such as if it should be tolerated to have a veil on when working in healthcare or schools? At the same time, we can see current examples of decreasing tolerance in some parts of Europe and the world. The Hungarian Government has annulled gender studies on the basis that we are born either as women or men. Meanwhile we ask ourselves in Sweden whether parties that advocate a racial war will have right to demonstrate on our streets. In this way, tolerance seems to be linked to the contradiction that exists within democracy between the will of the people and the individual. Between those which may be included, and those which cannot be included at all - the excluded. Because democracy always needs to draw a line and this line is today redrawn in the name of tolerance.

    This essay aims to investigate and problematize rhetoric’s relation to politics and democracy based on tolerance as a concept. This purpose leads to three key questions: 1. What role do the Scandinavian rhetoric researchers give the rhetoric in relation to politics and democracy? 2. How can we understand tolerance and its function for and within the democracy? 3. What could be an alternative role for rhetoric beyond tolerance?

    The essay therefore contains a survey of the Scandinavian researchers in rhetoric and their views on the role of rhetoric in politics. It also contains a problematization of tolerance extracted from the work of Wendy Brown and Slavoj Žižek. The essay concludes that rhetoric research in Scandinavia is based on the intention to create more tolerance. It also comes to the conclusion that tolerance as a political discourse works depoliticizing. The essay’s contribution to rhetorical science therefore comes in the form of another perspective providing an alternative role for rhetoric in democracy. Here it is not based on morality but on what we should call the political. That is, rhetoric may act in the intersections between the dichotomies – politics / the political, democracy / dictatorship, descriptive / normative – in order to see the various symptoms and the lack that exist in society and in the system.