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  • Gunica, Jasmyn
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Jankovic, Milica
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Mindre företags val av K-regelverk: En kvantitativ studie om mindre företags val av K-regelverk i fastighetsbranschen samt forsknings- och utvecklingsbranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The study examines how many small companies choose the more detailed K3 regulation versus the less detailed K2 regulation in two lines of business. Furthermore, the study also looks into three variables to see if they can explain the small companies’ choice of regulation. The variables are debt ratio, share of intangible assets and share of building and land assets. One reason of choosing the K2-regulation is that it is simpler and less expensive. A reason to choose the K3 regulation is that it is the “higher standard” preferred to be read by investors which can lead to more financing. Companies that create intangible assets also benefit from the K3 regulation.

    Purpose: The purpose of the essay is to examine and to explain which factors affect the choice between the K2 and K3 regulation of companies in the research and development industry and the real estate industry.

    Methodology: The method chosen for the study is quantitative. Information from 654 annual reports has been used firstly in a univariate analysis and then in a correlation test. Lastly a logistic regression was used to determine if and how the variables affect the choice between K2 and K3.

    Conclusions: The logistic regression proved a positive correlation between the variable share of intangible assets and choosing K3. The logistic regression did not prove a correlation between the variables debt ratio and share of building and land and choice of K- regulation. The results had a connection to the institutional theory.

     

     

  • Tasnim, Sadia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Faraj-Falie, Ronak
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Remitteringars påverkan på fattigdom iutvecklingsländer: En kvantitativ studie om remitteringsflödet i U-länder2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Remittances have become a source of income for people living in developing countries. On the other hand, it is not known if remittances has an impact on poverty in those countries that according to the World Bank is classified as developing countries. The purpose and aim of this study is to analyze if there is a relationship between remittances and poverty in countries that according to the World Bank is classified as developing countries. Our database consists of 23 countries that had available data for the time-period between 2008-2017.

    The study uses a quantitative research method and the data was collected from the World Bank and PovcalNet. In total, five variables where used to reach the aim of this study, two of them where poverty measurements and the other three variables (GDP per capita, remittances and gini index) consists relevant information to the study of analyzing if there is a correlation between remittances and reduced poverty. We have chosen to use two different migration theories and the new institutional theory in our study. Using a panel dataset, we found out that remittances reduce poverty in the developing countries.

  • Hörnquist, John
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Building (Peripheral) Capitalism: En marxistisk ideologikritik av Anders Åslunds nyliberala förståelse av den ryska chockterapins drivkrafter och aktörer2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to criticize the neoclassical and neoliberal ideological understanding of the actors and driving forces of the Russian shock therapy – expressed by Anders Åslund, political economist and adviser to President Yeltsin’s governments 1991-1993 – from a Marxist world system perspective. The sources of the study are Åslund’s various publications on the Russian development, mainly his books How Russia became a Market Economy (1995) and Building Capitalism (2002). From these sources, Åslund’s understanding of the actors and driving forces of the shock therapy are derived and summarized and his analysis is compared with the analysis of other social scientists, historians and political economists. The critique lastly focuses on and tries to explain contradictions in Åslund’s analysis. The Marxist world system analysis-perspective used in this study assumes that Åslund’s ideological interpretations, as well as the actors and driving forces of the shock therapy, need to be analyzed from a holistic perspective. Actions and beliefs are seen as the outcome of dialectical processes between subjective factors and the surrounding political economy and other social and political factors, themselves dependent on material conditions, such as the development of the productive forces and the hierarchies of the world economy. Hence Åslund’s view of these factors are also somewhat analyzed in this study. 

    Åslund initially considered the shock therapy successful if not perfect, but eventually grew more critical of the Russian development, calling Russia a ”rent-seeking” and ”semi-democratic” state. This was still an improvement, he claims, given the alternatives. Åslund gives the “liberal revolutionaries” around Yeltsin’s governments the credit for what he means was achieved, while blaming Russia’s lingering problems on the “rent-seeking” state enterprise leaders who resisted shock therapy. Much research contradicts Åslund’s interpretations. The contradictions in Åslund’s analysis can be explained by his theoretical assumptions. Åslund’s revolutionary neoliberal view of democracy sees free markets as the purpose of democracy, rather than as optional tools of it, making him underestimate the negative social effects of shock therapy, as well as its negative effects on civil society and democracy. It also makes him interpret social actors democratic legitimacy from their stance on “free markets” rather than on democracy. Åslund’s theoretical assumptions also prevents him from recognizing how underlying political, social and economic relations of power, according to many scientists, shaped the ”free markets” he imagines shock therapy created. Therefore Åslund cannot see how shock therapy strongly contributed to massive rent-seeking – as defined in classical political economy – and blocked modernization of Russian economy and society. Åslund’s theoretical perspective instead makes him see the peripherization of Russia and the compradorization of the Russian bourgeoisie as progress, since this was in line with what domestic and international markets demanded.

  • Rietz, Amanda
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Att tjafsa med sossarna brukar få några röster att trilla in liksom": Professionalisering av Liberalernas valkampanj i Södertälje kommun 20182019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker professionaliseringen i Liberalerna i Södertäljes valkampanj inför valet 2018. Syftet med undersökningen är att beskriva och analysera den strategiska kommunikationen i valkampanjen. Frågeställningarna behandlar hur kommunikation tas fram och bedrivs, hur kommunikationsstrategierna från partiledningen tillämpas i praktiken samt i vilken utsträckning valkampanjen kan beskrivas som professionaliserad. Ett professionaliseringsindex skapat för att mäta graden av professionalisering används i analysen tillsammans med en particentrerad teori om professionaliserade kampanjer. Materialet som analyseras är insamlat med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer med kampanjarbetare som hade betydande roller i planeringen och bedrivandet av kampanjen. Resultatet visar att bland annat att professionaliseringen och strategier i den undersökta valkampanjen drivs av röstmaximering som mål och hindras av för få ekonomiska resurser, men även att professionaliseringen i vidare forskning behöver ses utifrån en ny fas där sociala medier tar större plats.

  • Teiko, Emma-Sofi
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Yohanes, Yadiel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    IFRS 15 – Upplysningskravens påverkan på intäktsredovisningen: En kvantitativ studie om upplysningskravens påverkan på intäktsredovisningen inom byggbranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to perform a investigation about how the disclosure principles in IFRS 15 have been implemented by companies within the construction industry and how the companies disclosures about revenues in the financial reports have been affected.

    Research question: How have the disclosure principles in IFRS 15 impacted the disclosures of revenues within the construction industry?

    Method: The method that is used in this study is a quantitative content analysis and the research design is a cross section examination. The data derives from the financial reports from year 2017 and 2018 of companies in the construction industry. All listed companies at Nasdaq Nordic within the industry of construction and materials has been included in the study, therefore the whole population was examined. There were 17 companies in this industry but one company was not included, so as of a total there was 16 companies that were examined. Variables have been designed from an operationalization from the research question and the company's financial reports has been read through to be able to provide values connected to the variables.

    Conclusions: The results of this study show that the companies have made changes in the disclosures of revenue. Between the years of 2017 and 2018 the division of revenues have increased with a average rate of 0,625 and 50% of the companies have increased the number of categories used for dividing the revenues. The number of companies that made disclosures about their contracts performance commitments and payment conditions has also increased but there is no shown difference about the disclosures about when their revenues are recognized and booked, in the year of 2017 all companies had already made disclosures about this. The conclusion that is made from the study is that there has been a change in the disclosures and the financial reportage since the implementation of IFRS 15 within the Swedish listed construction companies.

  • Saunders, Fred
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Gilek, Michael
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Ikauniece, Anda
    Latvian Institute of Aquatic Ecology, Riga, Latvia.
    Tafon, Ralph Voma
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Gee, Kira
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies. Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Germany.
    Zaucha, Jacek
    University of Gdańsk, Sopot, Poland / Maritime Institute in Gdańsk, Gdynia Maritime University, Gdańsk, Poland.
    Theorizing Social Sustainability and Justice in Marine Spatial Planning: Democracy, Diversity, and Equity2020In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 6, article id 2560Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article elaborates a conceptual framework to examine social sustainability in marinespatial planning (MSP). Based on a critical literature review of key texts on social sustainabilityin MSP and the broader sustainable development literature we show the need to elaborate acogent and comprehensive approach for the analysis and pursuit of social sustainability linkedto the sea. We then theorize social sustainability by developing a conceptual framework throughintegrating three dimensions: Recognition, Representation and Distribution. While these three socialsustainability/justice features clearly overlap and are interdependent in practice, the conceptualthinking underpinning each of them is distinctive and when taken together they contributetowards conceiving social sustainability as a pillar of sustainability. Our approach can support ananalysis/evaluation of MSP in that, first, its broad scope and adaptability makes it suitable to examinethe wide range of claims, demands, and concerns that are likely to be encountered across dierentpractical MSP settings. Second, it acknowledges the opportunities and challenges of assessing,implementing, and achieving social justice within a broader sustainability framework.

  • Alveryd, Viktoria
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Att vara eller inte vara en språkbrukare av engelska – ett andraspråkssocialisationsperspektiv på engelskämnet i styrdokumenten: En diskursanalytisk studie av styrdokumenten som berör engelskundervisningen för årskurserna 4-62019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As globalization becomes a more and more recognized phenomenon with an increased flow of goods, people and information across nations’ boarders, the way we communicate is influenced. The act of communication has turned from more traditional means of communicating correctly between mostly native speakers to newer ways where the main goal is to achieve understanding between participants, whether they have the same origin or not. One language that is specifically affected by this is the English language, which is taught in Swedish schools as a major school subject. In regard to this, the aim of this degree project was to investigate how the Swedish policy documents governing the English subject education contributes to the language socialization of students in becoming a certain type of language user. The questions which were posed in order to reach an understanding of this were the following:

    • Which conceptions of the students’ communicative competence could be seen in Lgr 11 and other policy documents governing the English subject education in compulsory school between the students’ fifth and seventh year of school?
    • Which language practices were presented for the students’ language usage in Lgr 11 and other policy documents governing the English subject education in compulsory school between the students’ fifth and seventh year of school?
    • Which contexts were presented for the students’ language usage in Lgr 11 and other policy documents governing the English subject education in compulsory school between the students’ fifth and seventh year of school?  

    These questions were answered in accordance with a second language socialization perspective and theories about communicative competence, functions of English and context, through a discourse analysis focused on the positioning of the subject.

    The results of this study were that the student was positioned both as a novice and an advanced language user of the English language without any direct connection between the two. This could be seen based on how the students were expected to make initial contacts with the English language whilst the policy documents at the same time present an abstractedly formulated communicative competence with an emphasis on the students’ ability to use aspects of it in relation to the whole of it. Furthermore could be deduced that the teacher’s competence and ability to scaffold the students’ learning were determinant for the language user shaped by the English teaching as the policy documents only covers certain functions of the English language and aspects of contexts.    

  • Makdisi, Emelie
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Matematiska begrepp som förekommer i geometriundervisningen för årskurs 4 och 6: En kvalitativ studie kring lärares och elevers uttrycksformer2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate how teachers for grades 4 and 6 introduce geometric concepts based on Van Hiele´s levels for understanding geometry. The purpose of the study is also to investigate pupils´ use of geometric concepts in conversations based on central concepts in geometry teaching. The purpose is broken down with the following issues:

    • Which of Van Hiele´s levels can be identified when introducing geometric concepts?

    • How do pupils use geometric concepts in conversations during the introduction?

    These are explored through observations that are supplemented with interviews. The data collection will be based on an interview guide and an observation schedule. This study is based on the theories of Van Hiele´s different levels of understanding geometry and central geometric concepts in teaching. There will also be Vygotsky´s sociocultural perspective regarding the nearest development zone for possible dialogue between scientific- and everyday concepts. The result shows that teacher 1 uses visualization, while teacher 2 and 3 use visualization and analysis to introduce geometric concepts to the pupils. Teacher 1 uses images and explanations and combines these with concrete material, while teacher 2 and 3 use laboratory exercises to promote pupils’ analytical skills. The mathematical language is linked to the pupils´ well-known phenomenon in the teaching of teacher 2 and 3, but not teacher 1. It shows that the teaching of geometry of teacher 2 and 3 is permeated by linguistic support to reach the interaction and to understand the meaning of the geometric concepts.

  • Dilek, Mehmet
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Tillväxt och korruption i Asien: En tvärsnittsstudie om korruptionens effekt på ekonomisk tillväxt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Asia is a continent where countries are in different states of economic growth. The purpose of this study is to gain an in-depth understanding of the significance of corruption for economic growth in Asia and what effects different levels of corruption contributes to.

    The analysis covers a total of 46 countries from Asia between the time period of 2000 to 2017. The study's dependent variable is GDP growth/capita and the independent variable in focus is Corruption perception index (CPI). Furthermore, the study uses explanatory variables that have a bearing on growth; capital, population, trade openness, state consumption, education, political stability and initial GDP growth/capita.

    An regression analysis, model 1, that includes countries in Asia has been done, in order to get a holistic picture of the importance of corruption for growth. In order to gain a more in-depth understanding of the significance of corruption, three additional analyzes have been made. These three analyzes focus on different levels of corruption in Asian countries and what effect these levels contribute to.

    The study finds that corruption has a significant negative effect on economic growth in Asia and that different levels of corruption generates different effects on growth.

  • Asklöf, Anders
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Arbinge, Jonas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hållbarhet, lönsamhet och det eventuella sambandet däremellan: En kvantitativ studie om hållbarhetsredovisningens effekt på lönsamhet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose was to examine the correlation between public companies registered CSP and CFP. This was examined through the use of a Correlation matrix and the use of multiple regression analysis. These were then used to answer the studies specific subquestions which in combination with one another related to the main topic which is correlation between CSP and CFP. The data was provided by Folksam from their sustainability index from 2013. 

    The study’s results are discussed from the theoretical framework, consisted of stakeholder theory, agency theory and legitimacy theory. The data was ambiguous and therefore no conclusion can be drawn as to whether these factors correlating to one another. 

  • Dementeeva, Tatiana
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Kulvietyte, Justina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Nedskrivningsprövning av goodwill enligt IAS 36 punkt 134: En jämförande studie om svenska Mid Cap och tyska MDAX/TecDAX företag år 20182019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problem: Since most of European companies have changed from goodwill write-offs to yearly impairment tests, goodwill has been the most complex and problematic financial post. Accounting in accordance with IAS 36 paragraph 134 is still lacking and goodwill takes up a big part of the companies’ total assets and equity.

    Research issue: How much does the accounting in accordance with IAS 36 paragraph 134 differ in middle-sized listed Swedish and German companies? Is there a connection between goodwill size relative to total assets and equity and compliance with IAS 36 paragraph 134?

    Purpose: The purpose is to find if any difference between Swedish and German companies when it comes to accounting for goodwill impairment tests in accordance with IAS 36 paragraph 134. Also, if a connection between goodwill size and the level of compliance with the standard can be found.

    Method: The study takes on a deductive approach. Hypotheses are developed on the ground of the study's framework. The data that is gathered from financial reports are processed with statistical methods to answer the developed research issues.

    Results and conclusions: No significant differences are found between the compliance of Swedish and German companies. The significant connection between goodwill size and compliances is only found in Swedish companies, however not in German, so the connection cannot be assumed.

  • Fräki Martins, Joaquim
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Pluralitet enligt Hannah Arendt: En undersökning av pluralitetsbegreppet i Arendts verk Människans villkor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work reconstructs Hannah Arendt’s own analyses of the different human activities: work, labour and action in her influential work The Human Condition. Using Arendt’s concept of plurality, not only as mere means for political and/or human diversity, but as a paradigm, the first part further examines to what extent plurality unfolds through the particular activities. Whilst Arendt’s famous conception about ”the rise of the social” is certainly hard to ignore, it is here argued that, there are different ways to adress this notion.

    The second part is a comparative analysis with Arendt and Sophie Loidolts book Phenomenology of Plurality: Hannah Arendt on Political Intersubjectivity. In that regard this essay also seeks to perceive plurality not only as a paradigm, but through a phenomenological lens, something Loidolt states has been overlooked prior. Loidolts essential argument here is that Arendt uses a phenomenological vocabulary, and its mainly the thematic concepts which she uses thats been analysed and defined - they don’t leave any proper phenomenological traces. However, since Arendt uses a phenomenological vocabulary, operative concepts are also present in her political thought, which clearly have a phenomenological background. According to Loidolt, they are usually left undefined and un-analysed. The second part undertakes such an assignment, that is, applying the phenomenological tools containing in the The Human Condition. What this means is that by analysing and defining the operative concepts, they become tools to understand the thematic concepts.

    But, what happens with Arendt’s political virtue when exercising the phenomenological tools presented by Loidolt? In this second part, I argue that there is a risk we are drifting away from the political in Arendt’s thought when focusing too much on her evident phenomenological background.

  • Poulsen, Erik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    Konstens fyra element: Att läsa Döden i Venedig i en antropocen tidsepok2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to examine the interconnections between art and nature in the context of recent scientific findings which show that planet Earth, due to human enterprises, has transitioned into a new geological epoch called the Anthropocene. The relevance of the German philosopher and music theoretician Theodor W. Adorno has already been emphasized by other scholars in this regard. However, few scholars have investigated how Adorno’s concept of nature, in light of the contemporary climate crisis, can enable new understandings and interpretations of art and aesthetics. In a close reading of the novella Death in Venice (1912) by the German author Thomas Mann, the thesis scrutinizes Adorno’s claim that the modern artwork can be interpreted as an expression of suppressed nature, both inner human nature and external nature. By relating Adorno’s philosophical works to a literary art piece, the thesis argues that the concrete literary text is an utterance that is rendered possible by a set of interactions between human subjects and natural objects.

  • Tunón, Håkan
    et al.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Bele, Bolette
    Norsk institutt for bioøkonomi (NIBIO), Ås, Norge.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Meal Sciences. Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Biologiskt kulturarv som som hållbar värdeskapare - slutrapport2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is the final report from the interreg project with the same name (Interreg project 20200961 / IR2016.04). The project was carried out between March 2016 and September 2019. The intention was to investigate how natural and cultural values ​​and especially biological cultural heritage can be used to create value through economic business development in the enterprise for livestock farmers and others who utilize resources from the outlying land. The aim has thus been to show ways to create better financial conditions for the farmer to continue to practice customary use without influencing the contribution of transhumance to biodiversity, cultural heritage and other aspects of biological heritage in a negative way. During the course of the project, we have consequently focused on concepts such as biodiversity, biological cultural heritage, intangible cultural heritage, terroir and sensory evaluation in order to show values ​​that are maintained through continued use of the outfield, which is now largely a growing resource for the future. The project has mostly been participatory and with elements of recurring workshops with farmers to help them develop their companies.

  • Hersi, Mohammed
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Collateral Damage: En studie om representationen av drönarattacker i amerikanska nyhetsinslag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Drönare är ett relativt nytt och kontroversiellt krigsverktyg som har skördat många oskyldiga liv. Trots det har dess användning inte problematiserats mycket inom media. Denna uppsats behandlar instanser där civila har omkommit och undersöker hur nyheten byggs upp visuellt och narrativt kring dessa event. Syftet med denna uppsats har varit att undersöka ifall det finns en avsaknad av lidande när det kommer till USA-baserad rapportering av dessa instanser då civila dör på grund av drönare. Med hjälp av Chouliarakis teorier om hyper-medialisering, ”tid-rum” och agens har jag kunnat bygga en egen analysmodell som sedan har använts för att analysera tre orelaterade attacker. Resultatet visar att det finns en avsaknad av lidande i vissa former av rapporteringar beroende på vilken relevans händelsen har för åskådarna. Med det menas att ju närmare offren är åskådarna kulturellt och geografiskt, desto mer fokus läggs på att skapa närhet mellan åskådare och offer. 

  • Björnegren, Linnea
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Beväpnade missionärer: islam och fransk imperialism i en revolutionär dagstidning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Redin, Staffan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art.
    Danska guldåldrar: Iscensättningar av en konstepok på Nationalmuseum 1964 och 20192019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Danish Golden Age was the title of two exhibitions at Nationalmuseum in Stockholm 1964 and 2019, that exhibited art from the early 19thcentury Denmark. To a large extent the same artworks were included in both exhibitions, but their display and the general presentation were in many respects different. My paper researches how the objects of art were installed and by what means exhibition architecture, wallpaint, scenography and lighting was utilized in the designing of the exhibitions. Apart from the creation of a spatial and scenographic context for the objects of art, the 2019 version presented a lot of informative text within the exhibition. According to the cultural theorist Mieke Bal there is no neutral context for a work of art but an exhibition is always also an argument and a statement. Every single part of the exhibition is a demonstrative utterance. In both exhibitions colour was utilized in order to create both a sentiment and a narrative. Colour evokes emotions and associations founded in both individual and cultural experiences. By using colours that resembled those found in the paintings, the viewer moving through the rooms, was intended to have the experience to be surrounded by ”Golden Age colours”.

  • Ghebresus, Lwam
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Tesfayohannes, Lidia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Bostadsrättsföreningars sparande för framtida underhållsåtgärder: Vem ska betala för underhållet?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The housing associations' transition from progressive to linear depreciation (K2 and K3) has led to increased costs for depreciation, which has resulted in many housing cooperatives reporting large accounting deficits. These new regulations are not adapted for the housing associations, hence there is an ongoing discussion if a new regulatory framework that is adapted for tenant-owner associations is required or if the existing regulations that are in practise are to be regulated. Far, HSB, Bostadsrätterna, Sveriges Bostadsrätts Centrum and Riksbyggen investigate the consequences of a housing association reporting a deficit in the income statement and came to the conclusion that a tenant-owner association may go into deficit, as long as they have good liquidity and have savings to respond to future maintenance procedures.

    Purpose: Though great emphasis has been placed on tenant-owner associations requiring enough savings for future maintenance procedures, this study intends to investigate the housing cooperative's savings for future maintenance procedures. The study also aims to illustrate whether the selected factors of the study have a connection with housing cooperatives' savings.

    Method: In this study, a quantitative method has been applied and the sample size is 208 tenant-owner associations. Data has been collected in the form of published annual reports and with the support of key figures, the study has calculated relevant results. To answer the study's second research question, the relationship for the collected data has been analyzed with a correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. The empirical result has thereafter been analyzed with accepted theories.

    Result: The study's results show that 50 percent of tenant-owner associations save over SEK 215 per square meter, 25 percent save between SEK 150 - 215 per square meter and that 25 percent save less than SEK 150 per square meter. This means associations that are around SEK 150 per square meter or lower need to review their savings and consider a possible increase in the annual fee. The multiple regression analysis demonstrated a statistical significance on the variables; annual fee and debt. However, the study could not find any significant correlation between the variables depreciation and the age with savings for future maintenance procedures.

  • Skotte, Amanda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Gref, Lisa
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "De pratar med fröknar och blablabla": En livsvärldsfenomenenologisk studie om barnens upplevelser av de vuxnas olika roller i förhållande till leken.2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to look at the children's experience of the teacher's different rolls in relation to play. We found this subject interesting because we feel insecure about what our role is in children's play. We had three questions that we wanted to get an answer to: What is the children's experience of the adults in relation to their play? What is the children's experience of the adults outside the play? and Which rolls do the children want the adults to take in their play? We used a qualitative study where we interviewed 33 children in small group interviews. All the children that participated where approximately five years old. We did the interviews on five different preschools. After our first round of interviews we wanted to collect more data. We decided to go back to some of the preschools to supplement our data with some movies that would put the light on different teachers behavior: The teacher that participate in children's play on there on terms, The teacher that confirms and acts as a resource to the play and The teacher that rules the play through rules. We chose a life - world phenomenology perspective for our study, which means that we want to take the children's subjective perspective of their lifeworld. In our study we found that the children had several variations of experience of the teacher's involvement. The children experience that the teachers often talked to each other instead of participating in the play. Another found was that the children wanted the teachers to listen to them and do what the children asked them to. One of the subjects that the children had a lot to talk about was the forbidden plays where the teachers were excluded. We could see that this was because they didn’t want to be corrected in their play.

  • Eriksson, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Muslimer och hedersmord: En innehållsanalys av muslimska hemsidors framställningar av hedersmord2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Nygren, Josefine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Scheffer, Kevin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Persuasive design som redskap för beteendeförändring: En studie om studenters motivation till inlärning på MOOC-plattformar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate which design principles on a MOOC-platform that can be considered to have a positive impact on the motivation for students' behavioral changes within a learning environment. This is done by comparing features of the MOOC-platform Sololearn with design principles from the framework Persuasive Systems Design Model (PSD). A qualitative research approach was carried out consisting of a diary method where eight informants interacted with and evaluated the platform's functionality. The diaries then formed the basis for a semi-structured interview based on the theoretical framework’s PSD, Fogg's behavior model and gamification theories. The results showed that the design princples reduction, self-monitoring, rehearsal, social comparison, reward, competition, liking, tunneling, verifiability, trustworthiness, social learning and normative influence had a positive impact on students' motivation for behavior change. These design principles are based on individual, social and functional needs.

  • Svanefjord, Natasha
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    "Allt detta är Platons fel!": Nietzsches presentation av Sokrates och Platon i Tragedins födelse2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores Nietzsche’s presentation of both Socrates and Plato in his earliest work The Birth of Tragedy with no regard to personal letters or notes. It argues that Nietzsche had great knowledge of both these ancient philosophers and presents a very nuanced understanding of both of them through the picture of the dying Socrates from Plato’s dialogue Phaedo, not a caricature of any sort as has been generally argued for. The dying Socrates includes the Socrates filled with contempt for and who only negates and takes from life but also the Socrates who practices music before his suicide. By analysing Socrates and Plato in The Birth of Tragedy through the concepts of truth and lie I explore Nietzsche’s aesthetics and concepts of the dionysian and the apollonian, the difference he makes between Socrates and Plato, how Socrates functions as both a fictional character and a living person stuck in the crossroads of fiction, reality, history and literature, the beginning of his linguistic critique, how Nietzsche views myth, what humankind must do as not to fall into nihilism and how Nietzsche by criticizing and problematizing Socrates and Plato presents his own version of what truth is and brings forward art as that which has ensnared western culture in an apollonian veil and that which can help it from falling into nihilism.

  • Garcia Pettersson, Elena
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Det är faktiskt bara snoppen: När okunskap och rädsla sätter stopp för barnens sexuella utveckling2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    I have written an essay about children's sexuality, a sensitive topic that can be difficult to deal with and talk about. It is based on three stories and dilemmas that I have encountered in my work experience. The first deals with a situation where children want to know more about their sex, the second is about a girl exploring her sexuality and the last one is about two children exploring each other. The purpose of this essay is to gain knowledge of the problems concerning children's sexuality and how I can relate to this controversial topic in preschool. I have based my essay on the questions: What does children’s sexuality mean? How should I as an educator relate to the topic? What can be the consequences if we do not raise the topic already at preschool? and What are some materials for us at preschool to work with?

    I present various theoretical concepts of sexuality to distinguish between adults and children. Then I illustrate the theoretical background for analyzing and reflecting from an encouraging and social constructivist perspective on what children’s play mean and whether sexual play can be indicative of possible abuse followed by the impact of language and what the consequences can be if we are not working encouraging. I analyze and concretise how the perspectives can be used in the educators' work at the preschool to finally present material helpful for myself but hopefully also for other educators and adults.

    The more knowledge and tools we get in preschool concerning the topic, the easier we can meet each individual and there is a need for both literature and policy documents from the National Agency for Education and the management. Educators and other adults have an important role to play regarding children’s sexuality, which if seen from an adult perspective can be problematic. It is therefore important to respond to the children in an encouraging manner together with a developed language that leaves room for their own interpretations, values and thoughts. It is important that we continue with a neutral aspect to normalize this taboo topic so as not to risk inhibiting, shaming or destroying children's sexual development.

  • Sjöberg, Samuel
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.
    Homofiljakt, humlegårdsherrar och homosexuellt frimureri: En komparativ studie av tidningarnas bevakning av rättsaffärerna Kejne och Haijby under 50-talet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on public attitudes towards homosexuality in Sweden during the 1950s. It analyses four newspapers’ coverage of the conspiracy theories and the accusations aimed at government officials concerning homosexual freemasons, government corruption, and the authorities’ protection of those who were suspected of sexually abusing young men. Throughout the thesis, queer theory is used to understand the different ways in which homosexuality was stigmatized and how heterosexuality was upheld. The media discussion was sparked by two scandals, known as the “Kejne scandal” and the ”Haijby scandal”. The first one concerned a priest named Kejne that claimed that he was the victim of harassment from homosexual “freemasons”. The Haijby scandal concerned a man named Kurt Haijby that blackmailed the Swedish court by threatening to publicize a homosexual relationship he claimed to have had with King Gustav V. 

    The four newspapers that I have examined are Dagen (conservative Christian), Stockholms-tidningen, Expressen (both liberal) and Arbetaren (syndicalist). My result shows that the newspapers view of homosexuality aligned with their political bias, although in unexpected ways. When it concerned the Kejne scandal the syndicalist newspaper Arbetaren, tended to link homosexuality to upper-class elites, painting a picture of a dangerous homosexual group deeply embedded in corrupt government power. Both liberal newspapers agreed on the existence of an elite group of homosexual “freemasons”, but saw the solution as laying in government action. The Christian Dagen was least paranoid about homosexuality per se, portraying the majority of homosexuals not as part of a conspiracy but as individuals that were victims of a disease. Homosexual relationships were, in the newspapers’ coverage of the Kejne scandal bluntly portrayed. When it came to the Haijby scandal, all four of the newspapers suddenly became, in comparison, more careful. Suspicions about homosexual relationships in the coverage of the Haijby scandal were implied, but rarely explicitly mentioned. 

  • Zakaidze, Lasha
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Lärares upplevelser om sekularisering i religionsundervisningen: En studie om sekulariseringens upplevda påverkan i religionsundervisningen i den svenska gymnasieskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    I have studied my research with the help of a qualitative method of data collection that I have analyzed with the phenomenographic approach; the purpose was to investigate how teachers experience the influence of secularization in religious education. The interviewed teachers perceive that the students previously had a reasonable knowledge of what Christianity was, but that this knowledge have disappeared because of secularization. This has caused complications in religious education for both students and teachers. Among other things is the absence of a religious identity the reason for a division between non-believers and believers, there is a greater relationship between the students who have a religious background than those who do not have a religious background. There is a greater interest in the teaching of Christianity today among pupils than it was earlier in the 1980-90 century because the secularization has made Christianity as exotic as other religions, students know as much about Christianity as other religions.

  • Sellfors, Sandra
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Rektorn, rastverksamheten och fritidslärarens profession: En kvalitativ studie av rektorns syn på fritidlärarens roll vid planering och genomförande av en strukturerad och meningsfull rastverksamhet2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to their profession, school-age educare teachers are often assigned responsibility and planning of recess time in today’s school. The background and former research for this study emphasizes the importance of school recess as an established part of the school day. The background as well as the research also illustrates the need for planning time for recess activities and how this planning is adjusted to the educational mission.

    With this essay I want to try and contribute new knowledge for the mission of school-age educare and how this relates to recess activity in today’s context. In choosing my research method I concluded that qualitative interviews would work best to examine how principals deal with and their reasoning regarding the school-age educare teachers’ room for action and responsibility concerning recess activity. Five in-depth interviews were conducted with principals at four schools in the Greater Stockholm area as well as one school in the northern part of the province of Dalacarlia. 

    The results of the study show that the principals’ view on recess is that it is a meaningful and important part of the school day. Principals also feel that recess activity is the responsibility of the school-age educare teacher. At the same time the results show that the principals give different pre-conditions when it concerns time for planning and to follow up recess activity. Those principals that give the school-age educare teacher planning time do not allocate any extra time but the planning is meant to take place within the planning time for the educare center.

  • Efraimsson, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Karlqvist, Ebba
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Digitaliseringens påverkan på effektivitet och teknologiska risker inom revisionsbranschen: En kvalitativ studie om effektivitet och digitala risker ur ett revisionsperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to show that digitalization not only lead to more efficient work, but also that risks in technology and information security in the audit industry as a result of an increasingly digitized work process has occurred. The study's research question reads: "How is efficiency affected and what technological risks have arisen in the audit industry as a result of an increasingly digitized work process?". The documentation consists of a comprehensive literature study and interviews with professional accountants at the four largest accounting firms. The study shows that the efficiency of the work has been positively affected by digitization, but that there is also an increased risk of confidential information leaking out and an increased vulnerability in the work process due to technical complications.

  • Dvorak, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Native Multilingualism and Stroop Effect: a Pilot Study Examining the Relationships Between the Two Variables2020In: INTED2020 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, Valencia: The International Academy of Technology, Education and Development, 2020, p. 8533-8541Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Multiple studies point out a positive relationship between bilingualism (multilingualism), cognitive development of children and their academic performance at the early age. The Stroop Test is often used as one of the methods of assessing subjects’ executive function of inhibition (the ability to suppress dominant responses), which appears to be enhanced in bilingual/multilingual individuals compared to their monolingual counterparts. The better executive control in bilinguals/multilinguals that the function of inhibition represents only a part of (besides shifting, i.e. the ability to switch over between tasks, and monitoring, i.e. the ability to update information in the working memory) is believed to stem from these individuals switching over between their languages as well as their need to suppress the other language-related information irrelevant in the given language context.This paper describes a pilot experiment preceding a study of a larger scale whose main objective is to obtain data to be used to assess a possible relationship between the number of mother tongues Swedish university students have a command of and their performance at the Stroop Test.

  • Jourabji, Patrik
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Att vägleda flerspråkiga elever inför läsning: En kvalitativ undersökningsstudie av arbetet inför läsning av skönlitterära texter i årskurs 4–62019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research shows that there are more multilingual pupils in Swedish classrooms than ever before. Therefore, it is important that teachers guide the pupils on reading comprehension as this has a crucial role in pupils' development in reading. The purpose of this study is to examine and get a better understanding of how primary school teachers guide multilingual pupils in pre reading fiction books in the grades 4-6. To achieve the purpose of the study, the study answers the following questions:

    • How do multilingual pupils in year 4-6 use the reading strategy ‘predict’ before reading fiction texts?
    • How do teachers reason about book choices for multilingual pupils before reading fiction texts in grades 4-6?

    The questions in this study are answered by two qualitative methods: interviews and classroom observations. The results showed that elementary school teachers use challenging vocabulary and concepts, open questions, the choice of a book, the teaching model “think-pair sharing”, pupil interest and visual support. This is to guide and develop multilingual pupils reading comprehension before reading. The results show that this is consistent with Lev Vygotsky's theory that learning occurs in interaction with others.

  • Jansson, Amanda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hassel, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Storytelling vid ett generationsskifte: En kvalitativ studie om hur storytelling kan bistå ledningens arbete med förändringar i samband med ett generationsskifte2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Interest in storytelling has grown over the 20th century while society has evolved in a direction where myths, rituals and stories are seen as valuable. The myths and stories serve as guidelines in society and organizations and make sense to organizations and its identity. It is important to make use of the stories of organizational changes, because they are such a central part of the organization's identity. A generational shift is a normal stage in a company's development and survival; however, a change of CEO is often associated with organizational changes, which can lead to the momentum of the organization being broken. It is important that the younger generation understands organizational culture in the event of a generational change, otherwise employees can oppose management's future organizational changes as they can be seen as a threat to culture. Lack of communication is a common reason why change fails; it is thus an important tool for management and managers in an organization. Storytelling is a useful communication tool that can strengthen the culture of an organization. Thus, the study finds interest in examining, from a management perspective, how the communication tool storytelling can assist work on changes in the context of a generational change in an organization with strong organizational culture. To investigate this, a qualitative case study has been carried out, where a combination of a goal-driven selection and a snowball selection has been used. Empirin is collected at Hyreslandslaget through semi-structured interviews. The theoretical frame of reference contains storytelling and the factors linked to organizational change from a management perspective; communication, organizational culture and leadership. The results show that management, using storytelling, can create legitimacy for organizational changes among its employees. The tool can also help spread information and create security for both employees and the new management in the event of a generational change. However, the tool needs to be used in a planned and structured way to be most efficient.

  • Bergh Edenborg, Aurora
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art.
    Politisk rörelse och grotesk femininitet: En semiotisk studie av det fantastiska Paradiset på Skeppsholmen2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The monumental sculpture group The Fantastic Paradise (Le Paradis Fantastique, 1967), a collaboration between the artists Niki de Saint Phalle and Jean Tinguely, was donated to Moderna Museet in Stockholm, Sweden and installed by the water on the island Skeppsholmen in 1971. This was followed by a conflict that lasted 16 years centered around the relationship between the sculptures and the surroundings, in which The Fantastic Paradise was perceived by some as both grotesque and obscene, as well as highly unsuitable in relation to the historical environment. As a result, the sculpture group was moved to a less visible location in 1987.

    This thesis aims firstly to examine the historical context of the donation of The Fantastic Paradise to Moderna Museet. The study shows that the donation was the lucky result of a series of events shaped by circumstances such as personal relationships. The artists were life-long friends of the director of the museum at the time, Pontus Hultén, who aimed to incorporate avantgardist ideas into the museum's activities in the 1960’s. The Fantastic Paradise, located in front of the entrance of the museum, continues to function as a reminder of that era, which has come to be seen as the institution's formative years.

    Secondly, this thesis aims to contextualise and interpret the meaning of the art work through the use of semiotic theory and the concept of the implicit beholder. This interpretive part of the study is divided into two chapters, in accordance with the dualistic structure of the sculpture group itself. It follows two separate but linked theoretical directions: movement in Jean Tinguely’s machines, and corporeality and femininity in the Nanas, fantasy creatures and vegetation motifs of Niki de Saint Phalle. The interpretation shows that The Fantastic Paradise through both of these aspects can be read as an anti-classicistic comment in an art historical perspective. The concept of movement can be found not only in the actual movements of the kinetic sculptures, but also, in the case of The Fantastic Paradise, implies an idea of an activated, embodied beholder that is constructed as a political subject.

  • Fredricson Flodin, Fia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetic Learning Processes.
    Interkulturalitet och improvisation: att genom dansimprovisation synliggöra ochundersöka interkulturella spänningsfält2020In: Perspektiv på interkulturalitet / [ed] Helena Hill, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 69-83Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Nilsson, Staffan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Majoritetskulturella föreställningar om religion: en interkulturell utmaning i ett mångreligiöst Sverige2020In: Perspektiv på interkulturalitet / [ed] Helena Hill, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 11-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Langmann, Elisabet
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    Läraryrkets interkulturella dimensioner: en pedagogisk reflektion2020In: Perspektiv på interkulturalitet / [ed] Helena Hill, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 21-35Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Hill, Helena
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Inledning: Interkulturalitet och undervisning2020In: Perspektiv på interkulturalitet / [ed] Helena Hill, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 11-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Asplund, Viktor
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Konsten att vara homosexuell på Grindr: En intersektionell studie om begärlighet och gränsdragningar inom queera män digitala dejtingkultur2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur queera män praktiserar och förhåller sig till gränsdragningar kopplade till genusuttryck, etnicitet och ålder i sin digitala dejtingkultur, främst på Grindr. Tidigare forskning visar att olika kroppsliga egenskaper ofta leder till gränsdragningar och vad som anses som begärligt och inte på Grindr, att ha preferenser och att fördöma andra män som inte faller inom dessa. Med teorier om maskuliniteter, hegemonisk maskulinitet och cybercarnality ger jag en bakgrund till dessa gränsdragningar för att försöka förstå varför de finns och vilken betydelse de har. Utifrån en kvalitativ forskningsintervju med inslag av media-go.along gjorde det möjligt att genomföra intervjuer med fyra queera män om deras vanor och uppfattningar om Grindr. Intervjuerna visade att de hade mycket att berätta om sina upplevelser av andra queera män på Grindr. De intervjuade männen berättade om hur de presenterar sig själva, hur de hittar andra och på vilka sätt de kommunicerar/interagerar på Grindr. Det vill säga, deras självpresentation, matchningar och interaktioner, som är de centrala delarna i studiens analys. Intervjuerna och analysen visade att hegemonisk maskulinitet återfinns inom gaycommunityt på samma sätt som bland heterosexuella män. Studien har även gett upphov till nya frågor kring sexuell position och transpersoner, något som jag hävdar borde prägla framtida forskning. 


  • Artinian, Garo
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Sluta vara så politiskt korrekt!: En etnologisk studie om unga stockholmare och deras åsikter om politisk korrekthet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Political correctness is a difficult term to explain. This essay will explore how opinions about this term is expressed and how it affects the social interactions in the lives of 10 younger Stockholmers with different kinds of social background. The material consists of in-depth interviews with a total of ten informants with different living backgrounds.

    Is political correctness furthermore a problem or a non-problem in our social lives? It is a question that seems to give life to many strong feelings. Moreover, in all directions and opinions. I had a clear idea of what political correctness meant and had the idea that it was just the view that existed. How can people think in any other way?

    Languages are contrary to my previous view, something that we are all involved in and create. It is a process that is one of the most significant capabilities we as humans have. What role does political correctness have in this? What political correctness means is one of the questions that this essay will address, but what we can say is that the word choice in a social conversation is most important. How we talk to and about each other is more significant than many may think. Our ability to choose one term over another contributes to our perception of other people and, of course, ourselves and our role in society.

    Adding to this is that my results have shown how ten young Stockholmers from different backgrounds perceived the concept of political correctness. What has been demonstrated is how the concept/phenomenon of political correctness has been described by these young people and how their social interaction has been affected by others when they use a politically correct or incorrect language.

  • Kerem, Elias
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Bergdahl, Daniel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Fysisk aktivitet i en stillasittande arbetsmiljö: Medarbetarnas upplevelser av hälsofrämjande aktiviteter på Thule Group AB & Försvarsmaktens logistik2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to previous research there is no doubt that it is very important for us human beings to regularly train and be physical active. The physical activity has shown that it increases our physical well being but also our mental health. It is stated that physical activity is crucial in order to avoid different kinds of diseases such as heart disease and diabetes but also reduce the risk of suffer from anxiety and depression. Previous research has at the same time shown that we are becoming less and less physical active in our daily life. After reading about this topic an interest arose to research what companies can do to promote the health of their employees. This study aims to examine and compare two organizations that have introduced physical activity during working hours and how these activities affect employees both positively and negatively. This study is based on the theories; The salutogenesis perspective & Sense of coherence and Self- determination theory. The study is conducted on the basis of a qualitative research strategy with a comparative design. The study’s empirical data are collected through semi-structured interviews at Thule Group and FMLOG. The result and conclusions from this study is that physical activity during working hours in fact has a positive impact on employees and on the entire organization. Respondents in this research said that physical activity during working hours is something more organizations should introduce.

  • Kareem, Isabelle
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Textsamtalets betydelse för elevers läsförståelse i årskurs 4: En kvalitativ studie om fyra lärares arbete med lässtöttning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers argue that systematic reading instructions is required to develop students reading comprehension even after they have learned to master the elementary skills. The purpose of this study is to investigate how four Swedish teachers in fourth grade work with text talks to improve their students understanding of texts. The study answers following questions:

    - How do the teachers describe their work with teacher-led text talks to improve their students’ understanding of texts?

    - How does these teachers verbal scaffolding take place during the text talks?

    The questions are answered by two qualitative methods, both interviews and classroom observations. The interviews focus on how the teachers describe their work with text talks while the observations show how the teachers verbal scaffolding takes place during the text talks. The theoretical framework is based on Lev Vygotsky's sociocultural perspective that assumes that learning is a social and communicative process. The result of the study shows that all the teachers felt that the text talks had a good impact on their students' reading comprehension. The students learn from each other’s strategies, prior knowledge and paths of thinking when talking about different texts. The teachers describe that their role is to maintain the dialogue between the students but also to support them to become active readers. The result also showed that the teachers used various types of verbal scaffolding to support their students though the processes of understanding a text.

  • Halvarsson Hård, Katarina
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Professionalismen i förskolan: Den praktiska kunskapens möjligheter i spåren av New Public management2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate the possibilities for professionalism in today’s preschool when measurable documentation and rules demands more and mroe time and effort. Through two self-experienced stories, the essay shows the tension between the spheres of interest that meet in todays preschool. The stories manifests how the measurements of quality and the fulfilment of goals are opposed to the educator’s faith in the form of practical knowledge, which doesn't show in these measurements. The essay examines how the Swedish preschool has been formed throughout history and the possibilities, which the contemporary conditions provide when it comes to professionalism in preschool practice. In the analysis literature, which provides a historical perspective on the development and political directives during the last 20 years is used to analyse the stories. Furthermore the professionalization and nationalization of preschool and its effects on the practical knowledge in preschools gets scrutinized through research political, pedagogical and philosophical points of view. The result of the investigation shows a lack of trust in the professional capability of preschool teachers to use their autonomy for the the benefit of citizens, in this case the children in preschool.

  • Frykbo, Lucas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Thenstedt, Michaela
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Företagens finansiella rapporter efter införandet av IFRS 16: En kvantitativ studie på svenska börsnoterade företag efter den nya leasingstandarden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund och problemformulering: I januari 2019 infördes den nya redovisningsstandarden för leasingavtal, IFRS 16. Standarden ersätter den tidigare standarden IAS 17 och innebär att leasingavtal vilka redovisats som operationella numera redovisas som finansiella, förutsatt att avtalen är längre än ett år och inte av ringa värde. Leasingstandarden förväntas nu påverka företagens balans- och resultaträkning samt kassaflödesanalys.

    Forskningsfråga: I vilken utsträckning påverkas börsnoterade företags finansiella rapporter till följd av IFRS 16?

    Denna frågeställning kommer att besvaras med följande underfrågor:

    • Hur påverkas nyckeltalen skuldsättningsgrad, ROA, EBIT och EBITDA?
    • Hur skiljer sig påverkan åt mellan olika branscher?

    Syfte: Syftet med denna undersökning är att bidra med en förståelse för hur företagens finansiella rapporter har påverkats till följd av IFRS 16. Undersökningen syftar vidare till att skildra huruvida leasingstandarden har påverkat respektive bransch på Nasdaq Stockholm.

    Forskningsmetod: Uppsatsens består av en kvantitativ forskningsstrategi där en innehållsanalys av andrahandsdata har tillämpats för att kunna besvara studiens forskningsfråga. Kvartalsrapporter har studerats med syftet att samla in relevant information vilken kan hänföras till studiens valda nyckeltal. Avgränsningar har gjorts till att studera förändringar i finansiella nyckeltal hos företag noterade på Nasdaq Stockholms Large Cap. Studiens valda nyckeltal lyder skuldsättningsgrad, ROA, EBIT och EBITDA. Totalt antal undersökta företag i studien är 100, inklusive undersökningens bortfall.

    Resultat och slutsats: Förändringar i företagens finansiella rapporter har skett till följd av IFRS 16. Återkommande påtagliga effekter av standarden återfinns inom Consumer services, Telecom och Technology medan de minst påverkade branscherna är Financials och Basic material. Resultat för de resterande tre branscherna Industrials, Consumer goods och Health care utgör studiens mellanskikt med varken lägst eller högst påverkan. 

  • Horbyk, Roman
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies. Umeå universitet.
    Prymachenko, Yana
    Institute of history of Ukraine, National Academy of Science of Ukraine.
    Yurchuk, Yuliya
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.
    Shared history in shattered spaces: Mediatisation of historical scholarship in Ukraine and broader Eastern Europe2019In: Ideologies and Politics, ISSN 2227-6068, Vol. 3, no 14, p. 129-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article focuses on the increasing adoption of media logic and the corresponding change of habitus in the field of academic history in Eastern Europe, with a particular focus on Ukraine. Departing from both mediatisation theory and memory studies, authors consider a range of relevant phenomena from across the region, before considering in more depth the case of LikBez, a grassroot initiative of Ukrainian historians, aimed at debunking historical myths spread both inside and outside Ukraine. The amalgamation of historical knowledge and multiple media platforms to convey it, it is argued, ushers in the era of mediatisation of history. 

  • Bethiso, Johannes
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Dalbudak, Hasan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Småföretags investeringsbeslut inom dagligvaruhandeln: En studie om hur småföretag inom dagligvaruhandeln investerar och hanterar risker2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose is to create an understanding of the approaches that small business decision makers implement and what reasoning they use for investment projects. Furthermore, it should also provide an insight into how the companies' risk management that is associated with it goes to.

    Method: The method used in this essay is a method combination of both a qualitative and a quantitative character with a deductive approach. The study is based on both primary and secondary data, where the data collected is from the databases SöderScholar, Google Scholar and Jstor.

    Empiri: The study is based on four small businesses in the grocery trade that were interviewed as well as an additional 82 small companies that participated in a survey.

    Conclusion: The study showed that gender, age and experience had an impact on investment propensity, while education level had no impact on investment propensity. The study further showed that all four companies interviewed had an investment process that they followed. The survey showed that 75 of 82 respondents had an investment process that they followed. In addition, all interviewed companies had a risk management plan.

  • David, Aydin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Amanda, Sarkis
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Aktiekursutveckling i samband med införandet av amorteringskraven: En kvantitativ studie om bostadsfastighetsbolagens aktiekurser2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis intends to examine returns of residential real estate companies and if their share price has developed in connection with implementations of amortizations.

    Method: The study has issued from a quantitative research method where historical data have been collected for share prices and returns for all residential real estate companies. The study included 15 residential real estate companies. The research was delimited to listed residential real estate companies during the period 2014-06-01 to 2019-10-01.

    Conclusion: The results of the study have shown a development in the residential real estate companies share prices after the implementation of amortizations. The result has not shown a connection between the residential real estate companies share prices and different cyclical cycles.

  • Selander Lukic, Bianca
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Lund, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hur uppfattas det virtuella ledarskapet?: En studie om hur ledarskap i virtuella team uppfattas av ledare respektive medarbetare med avseende på feedback, inkludering samt delegering av ansvar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Along with digitalization more and more organizations move beyond traditional work to a more flexible and virtual environment, for example by working in virtual teams. The aim of this study therefore led to the desire to establish a deeper understanding of how leaders respectively employees perceive the leadership in virtual teams regarding feedback, inclusion and delegation of responsibility. To analyze how the leadership could be perceived within virtual teams, the used theories were; E-leadership, transformational, transactional leadership and LMX-theory. Attention to the aspects trust and culture were also analyzed because of its importance in virtual teams. The methodology used for this study was qualitative and ten semi-structured interviews were held. The study found that feedback was perceived as more important in virtual teams and a tool to build relationships, that virtual leaders should encourage other team members to include each other and delegation as a corporate responsibility. Meanwhile, feedback was connected to trust, that employees are responsible for inclusion as well as leaders. Delegation for virtual leaders was best communicated through clear visions, goals and a corporate responsibility.  

  • Olsson, Daniel
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art.
    Vad är sosaku hanga?: En studie av den japanska träsnittsrörelsens ankomst till Sverige under 1950- och 1960-talen2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sosaku hanga was a Japanese woodblock print movement active during the first half of the 20th century. Described by many as ”modern japanese prints”, the movement introduced radical changes to the woodblock printmaking of the Edo era, many of which were the result of its influences from European modernism. During the 1950s and 1960s it received international success and reached several countries across the world, including Sweden. This thesis examines how sosaku hanga was received and treated by various Swedish art institutions during this time. The study looks at, among other things, how these institutions relate themselves to the movement’s different elements, and in a broader sense how Sweden as a western country relates itself to the woodblock prints as non-western objects. The driving issue revolves around what sosaku hanga becomes at a certain place, depending on the qualities of the place as well as itself.