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  • Barmousa, Nahir
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Beyene, Lamech Negash
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Motivationsfaktorer inom tillverkningsbranschen: En kvalitativ fallstudie inom Scania AB 2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to shed light on how employees at Scania AB are motivated to continue working in the manufacturing industry and to find out what motivation factors the employees at Scania have to continue working in the manufacturing industry. This is because more and more employees in the manufacturing industry have decreased. The authors of this study use of Scania AB as a case of investigating which motivational factors employees have in order to continue working in the manufacturing industry. To answer the question for this study, a qualitative research strategy was chosen through ten semi-structured interviews. The theoretical frame of reference chosen for the study was Vroom's expectation theory, which consists of three connection concepts, Expectation, Instrumentality and Valence. These three connection concepts should be multiplied with each other to create motivation among employees. Deci and Ryan’s theory of inner and outer motivation was chosen to study motivation among employees. The internal motivation is based on the employee's individual driven by challenges and their own will to develop, external motivation is described as external factors to create motivation among employees in the form of rewards, security and bonuses. The conclusion drawn shows that the employees at Scania AB are motivated to continue working in the manufacturing industry as they are expected to be promoted to a higher post. The employees are also motivated by internal and external motivation factors in the form of bonuses and security.

  • Gustavsson, Christoffer
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Alaniva, Jussi
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Segmentering och målgrupper inom gymbranschen: En kvalitativ studie kring gymmens kundlojalitet samt åtgärder för gymkedjor för ökad kundlojalitet i strävan mot lönsamma kundrelationer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current health trend in Sweden has created a gym industry where the competition hardens for each day. Dominant actors fight for customers and the customers are many. The basic need of being psychically active is with each individual and therefore everyone, in theory becomes potential customers for the gyms. The gyms targets the widest of target groups and invite with slogans like workout for everyone. However, there are problem with maintaining customers who refrain from training or completely leaving the membership. The purpose of this study is to investigate how gyms present segmentation strategy creates disloyal customers who abandon the gym despite their individual needs and how gym can through segmentation measures create more profitable relationships with more loyal customers.The method used for this was based on interviews with two groups, the non-loyal customers and the gyms as well as an content analysis of the gyms own communication. The result from the study shows a number of gaps when it comes to the communicated target groups versus which resources are put on the operational work from gym. The study's conclusion is that the current segmentation strategy does not justify the stated target group, but instead shows obvious deficiencies which lead to non loyal customers to an excessive extent. Instead a number of measures with a focus on inclusion and focus are presented

  • Haddad, Rama-Rebecka
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Löfgren, Tamara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    ”Kanske om man hade varit uppväxt någonstans, i en annan miljö…”: En kvalitativ studie utifrån tidigare kriminellas upplevelser av uppväxt och vändpunkt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    "Perhaps if one had been raised elsewhere, in another environment ..." is a qualitative study whose purpose is to describe and create an understanding of past criminals' experiences in their childhood and turning point. The questions are further explained how risk factors and risk behaviors affect the childhood, as well as what factors can lead to a turning point. The empiric is reached through the performance of six individual interviews with former criminals, and analyzed with theories of Social bonds by Travis Hirschi, Life Course Theory of Laub & Sampson and KASAM by Aaron Antonovsky. The result and conclusions show that previous criminals have shown a risk behavior based on the risk factors they were exposed to during their growth. Furthermore, the turning point is understood to depend on how strong and weak the previous criminals associated with their relatives during their childhood. The turning point can also be understood from the inner will that the former criminal finds, with the help of motivation and meaningfulness.

  • Sandström, Frida
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education. Frida Sandström.
    Bredvid verket i arbete: Ramens verkan i dansens estetiska autonomi2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aesthetic autonomy of dance is a blank spot in the history of aesthetics. In this study, dance is used as an umbrella for both visual art performance, live art and choreography. Different from these other notions, dance appears in early historical writings and enables a coherent reading of the history of this specific artform, where the embodiment of the artwork is central.  

         Starting from Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Judgement, in which this study unravels why dance has been given such a limited attention in the history of aesthetics. Departing from this ignorance of the artform and the lack of theories of aesthetic autonomy when it comes to dance ever since, the study proposes that the aesthetic autonomy of dance could be understood through the notion of parergon. The word is initially found in the Critique of Judgement, where Kant uses parergon to describe the infrastructural framework upon which both the piece of art and the judgment relies. With the help of Jacques Derrida’s reading of the Critique of Judgement through parergon, the notion is understood with a double meaning: as both the frame ot the artwork and the work behind the piece of art. Derrida doesn’t either mention ”dance” in his rewriting of Kant’s work, why this essay applies the parergon upon the only art form where the working body embodies the work of art: dance. For dance, the work behind the piece and the piece itself, is the same. Through this understanding of parergon, the aesthetic autonomy of dance is can be understood as the frame at work.

          With references from a western history of arts and aesthetics, the study works through literature on dance from the 16th century until today. This enables a timeline from the inauguration of the first royal ballet academies, to the enlightenment, through modernity up until postmodernity, is read. Such a consistent reading of the history of dance is still rare, but the main reason for the study is not to sketch a new history, but rather to, through its history, establish an understanding of the aesthetic autonomy of dance. 

         Through examples from philosophy, literature, art history, dance history and art criticism, the development of dance as an autonomous artwork is contextualized. Arriving at the 20th and the 21st century, three specific artworks are analysed through available documentations, writings and conversations. Through the three notions hetero-affection, immanent critique and indexical dialectics, the aesthetic autonomy of dance is written through an understanding of its dialectical negation as its positive matter; the frame (at work). This understanding is applied to the three modern and post-modern examples of dance, where the frame at work is autonomously unworked and re-worked.

  • Maraldo, Daniela
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    Att följa upp frånvaro: En kvalitativ studie om gymnasieelevers upplevelser av heltidsmentorers frånvaroarbete2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows that truancy in upper secondary school positively correlates to the student’s future level of involvement in society. As such, in order to support an individual’s positive development, it is essential to work with early interventions to increase school attendance. One such preventive initiative is to employ full-time mentors who specifically hold the responsibility to monitor and follow-up student’s absence.

    This study focuses on full-time mentors working in upper-secondary school, and aims to examine a student’s perspective on the work of the full-time mentors. Collection of material has been done through the execution of eight semi-structured interviews with eight students in an upper secondary school in Stockholm, Sweden. The student’s statements have been interpreted and analyzed from the theoretical standpoint of social constructivism. As such, in this study, the work of the mentor as well as the student’s perception of the mentor’s role, is perceived as part of a social process and consequently dependent on its context. This means that components such as the distribution of power between student and mentor have been relevant to consider, in relation to interventions meant to increase student attendance.

    The study highlights the importance of using communicative tools, and mutual conversations, as well as building and maintaining well-functioning relationships between students and mentors. The result shows that the way that full-time mentors communicate with students, could be made more explicit, so that routines and expectations leading from that communication is clear to the student. In addition, the study’s result also indicate that full-time mentors could better adapt their way of communicating, in order to avoid an unbalanced power distribution between the full-time mentor and the student.

    The conclusion of the study is that communicative tools, such as relationship-creating and mutual conversations, when thoughtfully applied, can increase participation in school and as such, reduce absence.

     

     

  • Dache, Cristian
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Nödtvedt, Tor Adrian
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hur upplever individer med funktionshinder rekryteringsprocessen?: En kvalitativ studie om funktionshindrade individers upplevelser i rekryteringsprocessen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to create a deeper understanding of how the recruitment process is perceived by disabled individuals. The study is limited to individuals with invisible disabilities in the Stockholm area. To investigate this, a main question and two sub-questions were formulated. These questions regard how the individuals experience the recruitment process, what obstacles they experience and how they choose to handle these obstacles. The study has used a description of a normative recruitment process to describe what each individual needs to go through on the way to his/her future employment. Furthermore, the study has also used theories of affective states to discuss why individuals can experience things in a certain way. In this study, ten semi-structured interviews were conducted to collect empirical data. The result that emerged was that disabled individuals experience the recruitment process as problematic and difficult. The study concluded that disabled individuals can experience different dilemmas in their search for employment. These dilemmas are regarding when and how it is best to inform their employer about their disability. Furthermore, the study shows that the experience in the recruitment process differs depending on the age of the disabled individual. Disabled individuals with longer work experience have developed an understanding of the questions surrounding the disability. People with disabilities with less work experience experienced the same questions as shocking and offensive. In addition, the study concludes that the wage contribution can be used as a strategy for managing a refusal in the recruitment process. Finally, it describes how loyal disabled individuals can be against the company that offers them employment.

  • Kalhitmrawe, Malek
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Malcolm X's Different Identities2017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will discuss Malcolm X and the multiple identities that he had during his short life. Malcolm X managed to achieve a lot during his short life and for some, he will always be remembered as a hero fighting social injustices and to others, he will be remembered as a radical leader. In order to evaluate Malcolm’s different identities, I will look at his autobiography which was written together with the author Alex Haley. I want to take a look at Malcolm’s different identities and to see what led him to change his identity multiple times. In order to help me to evaluate Malcolm’s different identities, I will use Peter Burke and Jan Stets book, Identity Theory.

  • Ericsson, Lina
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    En studie av barns lekval på förskolegården som kultursociologisk arena: Med utgångspunkt i Bordieus teorier om Habitus, Kapital och Fält2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses what children choose to play with in the preschool yard without active involvement on the part of the preschool teacher. With Bourdieus' concepts of habitus, capital, and fields as theoretical frameworks, the following questions are examined: 1) How does the habitus reflect in a child's choice of play? 2) How can a child's choice of what to play be understood from the perspective of their preschool's culture?

    The empirical data consists of observations of the child at play, the pedagogical material they use, the place in which they choose to play, the placement of the teachers, and the range of the pedagogical material made available to the child in the preschool yard.

    This study argues that the choices a child makes, in terms of what to play, is influenced by the culture of the preschool. This is strengthened based on the survey of comparing two different preschools with two different cultures. By discovering patterns in a child's choice of what to play and comparing the results with each other, it becomes possible to analyze how the differences and similarities between playtime at two different preschools can be linked to habitus, capital and fields.

    This study shows that there are differences about what the children chose to play, how many they play together and how much they talk and move around.

  • Castillo, Daniel
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Academy of Public Administration.
    Ivarsson Westerberg, Anders
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Academy of Public Administration. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Ängsliga byråkrater eller professionella pragmatiker?: Administrativa effekter av statens indirekta styrning av kommunerna2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapportens syfte är att undersöka och diskutera vilka administrativa effekter den indirekta statliga styrningen ger i den kommunala verksamheten. Kommunernas verksamheter styrs av en mängd olika styrsignaler, där styrningen sker i form av direkt, indirekt och efterhandsstyrning. Statliga myndigheter har i detta en roll som uttolkare, översättare och förmedlare av styrning. Studien visar att den komplexa styrbilden, mängden aktörer som är involverade i den indirekta styrningen, hörsammandet av efterhandsstyrningen och dominansen av ängsliga byråkrater och duktiga administratörer tillsammans bidrar till en överproduktion av administration inom skola, förskola och primärvård.

  • Adolfsson, Emma
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Weaver, Stephanie
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    ”Gamla datorer, det är det vi jobbar med”: En interaktionsstudie av vård- och omsorgspersonalens användning av digitala artefakter på ett vård- och omsorgsboende2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need to create efficiency through digital technology within the elder care, as the elderly population of society is increasing. Existing IT-systems are considered incompatible with healthcare work, despite of Swedish investments in digital development in healthcare. Practices and the use of digital artefacts within an elder care home was therefore studied. Through an ethnographic qualitative method (consisting of field studies, video ethnography and interviews), the empirically driven study identified the healthcare workers existing interactions with- and use of digital technology, as well as the consequences that the use entailed. The study showed that the healthcare workers used the workplace’s existing digital technology as well as personal digital artefacts to solve daily tasks. Furthermore, the results showed that the healthcare workers interactions with personal digital artefacts mediated new work situations, and the healthcare workers desire for new digital work tools.

  • Hassan, Zahra
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Digitalisering inom en bank: En kvalitativ fallstudie om digitaliseringens påverkan på rollen som banktjänsteman och hens arbetstillfredsställelse2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study will fill out the research gap that exists by conducting a study that investigates, based on the employees’ viewpoint, how the role of bank employee has been affected and how the digitization has affected the bank employee's job satisfaction. This, by doing a qualitative case study with semi-structured interviews where the researcher has interviewed 10 employees at Nordea. Bank employees are aware that the professional role has changed, as the increased digitalization in society has increased. The employer has been clear with the organization’s changes in digitalization, which has let to an approval and an acceptance by the employee. This study shows that the bank somehow needs to be adapted and also develop the digitization within the bank, by describing and explaining bank employees' views on the digital changes within the role of bank employee.

  • Mina, Vahedi
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Sara, Vahedi
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Aktiebaserad crowdfunding: Vägen till framgång2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During recent years, many researchist have tried to analyze the financing gap that arises in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Due to the difficult situation of financing its operations for start-ups, new market solutions have developed, including the idea of collecting capital through crowdfunding. Crowdfunding is a financing method that involves financing a project using small contributions from a large group of individuals / investors. Instead of the traditional way of raising capital from a smaller group of sophisticated investors, the focus would instead be on a large "audience", where each individual contributed to a smaller amount.

    Crowdfunding is still a new phenomenon, which means that not as much research has been done in comparison with the more established funding alternatives. The problem for this form of funding mostly occurs in the information gap that exists between the potential investors and entrepreneurs. By discovering which factors that contribute to a successful campaign, investors and crowdfunding platforms can gain more knowledge that increases their chances of successfully closing a campaign. 

  • Karlsson, Therese
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Är du omtänksam eller tävlingslysten?: Betydelsen av kommunalt och agentiskt språk i rekryteringsannonser2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sveriges har en könssegregerade arbetsmarknad där kvinnor och män arbetar inom olika yrken och branscher. Enligt tidigare studier innehåller jobbannonser flera agentiska (manliga) adjektiv och färre kommunala (kvinnliga) vilket påverkar kvinnors uppfattning av organisationer negativt och delvis bidrar till att kvinnor fortsätter söka sig till kvinnodominerade yrken. Kvinnor har dessutom tidigare visat lägre tilltro till sin förmåga (self- efficacy) generellt, i karriären och för stereotypiskt manliga yrken, jämfört med stereotypiskt kvinnliga. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur könsstereotypiskt språk (agentiskt och kommunalt) påverkar kvinnor och mäns uppfattning av en organisation vad gäller attraktivitet och samhörighet. Studien syftade även till att jämföra nivåer av self-efficacy i ett försök att förstå varför effekterna av språk tidigare varit större för kvinnor än män. Deltagarna (n=170, varav 155 identifierade sig som ’hon’ och 55 som ’han’) randomiserades att läsa en av två betingelser i form av organisationsbeskrivningar via en webbenkät. Huvudfynden i studien visade att kommunalt språk hade positiva effekter och att agentiskt språk hade negativa effekter vad gäller organisationens attraktivitet och förväntad samhörighet, både för kvinnor och män. För mäns del motsäger det tidigare studiers resultat. Ytterligare huvudfynd visade att kvinnor hade lägre self- efficacy för stereotypiskt manliga yrken (STEM) jämfört med män. Resultaten i studien belyser språkets betydelse för att attrahera kvinnor till stereotypiskt manliga yrken och vikten av att stärka kvinnors self-efficacy för stereotypiskt manliga yrken för att motverka en könssegregerad arbetsmarknad. Framtida studier föreslås inkludera icke-binära samt queerpersoner för ytterligare inkludering samt undersöka self-efficacy som medierande variabel för attraktivitet och samhörighet.

  • Celepli, Dilan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Zaito, Jessica
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Är först alltid bäst?: En studie om alfabetisk bias2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today it is common for shares to be listed in alphabetical order in newspapers, indexes, databases, watch lists and statements. Investors often face a search problem because of the thousands of available shares. It causes investors to make use of a ready-made stock list to make a financial decision. In this study, we have investigated whether there is alphabetical bias on the Swedish stock exchange and whether it has any impact on the investment decision. Previous research shows evidence that alphabetical bias occurs in the selection of shares based on alphabetically arranged lists on the US stock exchange. In this study, a quantitative method was used for data collection, later data were processed using univariate analysis, bivariate analysis, and multivariate analysis. Using the data collected, the different variables could be calculated, Tobin's Q, Market value, Name flow, Stock turnover rate, Stock price, and Age. The result cannot ensure whether alphabetical bias occurs in the Swedish stock market, however, we can with 99% certainty determine that early placed shares receive higher Tobin's Q than late placed.

  • Turesson Blackman, Siri
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Race and whiteness: A critical discourse analysis of teachers' understanding and attitudes concerning race2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to examine secondary school teachers understanding concerning the terms race and whiteness, and how perceptions of the terms interrelates with the democratic values and duties assigned to the teachers of the Swedish educational system. Semi-structured qualitative research interviews were used to gather data and critical discourse analysis to process it. Results show that the terms race and whiteness respectively are intertwined with historical context, adding dimensions of utility and shortcomings when used. These dimensions are taking into consideration among the interviewed teachers and reflected upon. The thesis concludes that although the terms have given functions to explaining racism and structural injustice, consideration has to be made in respect to the Swedish historical context when used.  

  • Rickle, Kimberly
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Hej? Hejdå? Eller vad menar du?: En kvalitativ studie om hur gester och kroppsspråk kan standardiseras för att skapa trovärdiga Non Player Characters2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study is aimed to map the gestures of Non Player Characters to make it easier for developers in the future to find fitting gestures for their characters to make sure they retain their believability. By making a survey with open questions and animations of the different gestures, the respondents were asked what they thought the characters in the animation wanted to convey. By counting how many times the respondents used the same, or similar words, each question were summarized into a table. The results were that many of the gestures that were used to convey a feeling, were better suited to another type of gesture, and by mapping these the goal is to create a lexikon with gestures that makes it easier for future developers to apply the correct gesture in the right situation.

  • Kjellström, Camilla
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Motverkan eller Samverkan: En jämförande kvalitativ studie om äldreomsorgens och vuxenenheters samverkan kring äldre med missbruk2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The life expectancy in Sweden is higher than ever, and the share of the population that is over 65 years old is steadily increasing. Also on the rise in Sweden is the number of persons over 65 years old that abuse alcohol. To handle this growing problem the authorities of Sweden need to cooperate efficiently.

    This paper aims to study how social workers within the social services and the elder care in the two municipalities Botkyrka and Haninge experience cooperation inbetween their organisations, and what they experience to be the key elements to succesful cooperation. Axelsson and Axelssons theoretical model of cooperation, coupled with previous studies are used to formulate themes which in turn are used for a thematic analysis of the gathered empirical data consisting of 12 interviews.

    The results indicate that Botkyrkas social workers experience a lower amount of cooperation than Haninges and that communication, information, distinct rules and a sufficient, common budget are the key elements to succesful cooperation.

  • Lidbrink Landberg, Disa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    ”Det kanske inte bara var att vifta bort det”: Hur attityder gentemot sexuella övergrepp upplevs ha förändrats efter metoo-uppropet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare studier har visat att det finns köns- och generationsskillnader gällande attityder till sexuella övergrepp. De har också visat att flera andra faktorer påverkar, bland annat viljan att se världen som rättvis och våldtäktsmyter. Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka hur attityder gentemot sexuella övergrepp upplevs ha förändrats efter #metoo. Frågeställningen är: Upplevs attityder gentemot sexuella övergrepp ha förändrats efter metoo, och i så fall hur? Sexuella övergrepp är ett utbrett problem som tidigare varit tabu att prata om och det är därför intressant att se om uppropet har gjort en skillnad. Ämnet ansågs särskilt intressant eftersom det är viktigt att veta hur uppropet har fått för reaktioner för att kunna lägga upp fortsatt arbete med att upplysa om sexuella övergrepp. Eftersom ämnet tidigare är outforskat är studien explorativ. En kvalitativ studie med 11 semistrukturerade intervjuer har genomförts och intervjusvaren har sedan analyserats med hjälp av tematisk analys. Deltagarna bestod av fem män, fem kvinnor och en icke-binär person och var mellan 20 och 70 år. Fyra teman framkom, ökad kunskap och förståelse, distansering, förflyttande av skam och omdefiniering av tidigare upplevelser. Resultatet visade att det finns en större medvetenhet hos deltagarna om sexuella övergrepp och att deras syn på problemet har förändrats. Åsikterna hos deltagarna var polariserade och det fanns köns- och generationsskillnader. En svaghet för studien var att den endast bygger på de 11 deltagarnas egna teorier om sina egna och andras attitydförändringar. För framtida studier föreslås att göra en kvantitativ undersökning för att se om resultaten från denna studie går att generalisera.

  • Jalal, Barwa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Ahmed, Bawar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Att vandra mellan två kulturella världar: En kvalitativ studie om andra generationens invandrares etniska identitet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate and gain an understanding of the second-generation immigrant's ethnic identity. To carry out our survey, we used the qualitative approach, more specifically interrogations. In total, 6 people were interviewed between the ages of 18–29 years. All participants were born and raised in Sweden with one or both of the parents born abroad. The theoretical basis of the essay is socialbehaviorism and social constructivism. Previous research, also our results show that the mother tongue, parents, residential area and social circle are recurring aspects that are important for the design of the ethnic identity. Our result, unlike previous research, shows that the appearance is also an important factor for the design of the ethnic identity. Our conclusion is that there is an ambivalence and rootlessness among the respondents, which is due to the lack of being part of a larger whole.

  • Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Stockholms univeristet.
    "She" and "He" in news media messages: Pronoun use reflects gender stereotypes2015In: Könskonstruktioner och språkförändringar: Rapport från den åttonde nordiska konferensen om språk och kön / [ed] Magnusson, Jenny; Milles, Karin; Nikolaidou, Zoe, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2015, p. 91-102Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Bäck, Emma A.
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Lindqvist, Anna
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Stockholms univeristet.
    Hen can do it!: Effects of using a gender-neutral pronoun in recruitment2015In: Könskonstruktioner och språkförändringar: Rapport från den åttonde nordiska konferensen om språk och kön / [ed] Magnusson, Jenny; Milles, Karin; Nikolaidou, Zoe, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2015, p. 71-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Borgström, María
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    Goldstein-Kyaga, Katrin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    Graviz, Ana
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    Ungdomar och den nya kosmopolitismen – Identitet, lärande och fred: En undersökning i Sverige, Polen och Tjeckien2019 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi lever i en tid av ökande globalisering och intensifierade kontakter över gränserna. Idag är världen sammanflätad på ett helt annat sätt än någonsin tidigare.

    Här presenteras en undersökning om hur ungdomar i Sverige, Polen och Tjeckien ser på andra kulturer och folkgrupper än den egna, om deras konstruktioner av identitet, utvecklandet av kosmopolitiskt lärande och om hur deras vänner, familjer och skolor påverkar deras inställningar. Många ungdomar i Polen och Tjeckien tar upp hur de fasor som deras familjer upplevt under andra världskriget fått dem att inse hur viktigt det är att upprätthålla freden medan de svenska ungdomarnas syn påverkats av den långa perioden av fred.

    Den här boken är ett resultat av ett forskningsprojekt vars syfte varit att undersöka vilken betydelse nya identitetskonstruktioner och kosmopolitiska, interkulturella lärandeprocesser har för fredliga kontra fientliga etniska relationer i det mångkulturella, globaliserade samhället.

  • Celik, Zekeriya
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Dalkurd: Ett fotbollslag mellan det lokala och transnationella2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate how the football team Dalkurd act locally and transnationally through their identifications, relationships and activities with other actors with whom the footballsteam interacts. The study has also focused on the tensions that arise between the local Dalkurd and transnational Dalkurd. Theoretical starting points are based on the transnational perspective, which is important in order to understand how a football team like Dalkurd act through his activities, identifications and relationships. The second theoretical perspective is based on the social networks 'importance for the football clubs' culture and local identity, which is important for understanding the local identity based on Swedish club culture. The methodological approach of the study is based on case studies with qualitative focus. The empirical material consists of a large number of media texts in the form of existing interviews and reports published in newspapers, radio and television. Also materials from web-based websites, and other social media. The result shows that Dalkurd has, through his activities, social relations and belongings and also symbols created transnational identity, and the association has also created local identifications even that these are relatively limited. The study's results showed that the football team has created a triadic relationship in the form of "transnational social space" between a football association in the form of Dalkurd, the country of hostland Sweden and the home country Kurdistan.

  • Stenberg, Felicia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    A Liminal Existence, Literally: A Deconstruction of Identity in Diana Wynne Jones’ Howl’s Moving Castle2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the inherent instability present in Diana Wynne Jones’ 1986 novel Howl’s Moving Castle. I suggest that in relying on the ambiguity of the story and the setting, Jones creates not only a more complex universe, but allows the characters to be multidimensional -- both literally and figuratively -- without having any stable selves. Using deconstruction as a (non-existent) foundation for my analysis, I contend that the strength of the story is in the looseness of it. Thus, by using a Derridean approach with added Cixousian feminist elements and a heap of Kristevian intertextuality, I further argue that Jones invites the reader to embrace the ambiguity of identity by closely analyzing the conflicting behaviours of the two main characters in the novel, Sophie Hatter and Wizard Howl. In conclusion, I argue that Diana Wynne Jones through subverting classic fairy tale tropes in an ingenious way, suggests that there is no such thing as a final finished growing person and that there is comfort to be found in embracing this incompleteness. 

  • Sparrenhök, Unni
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "Det blir liksom inte så roligt för barnen när det bara ska vara lärande och lärande hela tiden": En vetenskaplig essä om pedagogens roll i barns lärande och synen på undervisning i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This scientific essay begins with three stories that portrays situations where different ways to view and understand the learning process of children in preschool. In the first two stories The Cakegame and Still life the aim is to describe how me, and my colleagues can have different perceptions on our role as preschool teachers. The purpose of the third story Have you done something fun today? is to present how daily interactions with the children’s guardians can create difficulties describing the process of teaching. Considering these differing views, I have, by reflecting, tried to figure out what it is that has brought on these individual perspectives. I have also looked at how the lacking of a common approach in how the teaching is carried out affects the children in questions. In the essay there is a common thread that to a great part is about the practical knowledge but also about the too varying view on children's learning in preschool, things that was revealed to me through my stories. The essay is also about how to compare between how I and other educators choose to support children in their learning through theoretical and practical knowledge but also through our own experiences and approaches. In this essay I will approach the concept of teaching and I will try to unravel what it means especially for myself, but also for other people that will in some way come in contact with the education system. I will compare the forthcoming pre-school curriculum with the current one to see if that will bring any answers to my questions. The theoretical perspectives I have analysed in relation to my own stories is based on concepts on preschool educators competencies described by researches Sonja Sheridan, Anette Sandberg and Pia Williams. A brief analysis about the concept of scaffold play has also been done, which refers to the supportive education while playing. The reflection is divided into two parts and are based on these two questions: How can the educator understand and interpret the learning assignment? as well as How can the educator describe and mediate the learning assignment?

  • Sparrentoft, Marika
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Matematiken i förskolan: Hur arbetetar förskollärare med matematik i förskolan?2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The work in preschool is based on the curriculum for preschool. When revised in 2010, the goals of mathematics were strengthened so that preschools will offer more educational incentives for the children to develop mathematically and prepare for school.

    The study is based on curriculum theory. Previous research that is included in the study shows that preschool teachers often work with mathematics in everyday situations. It happens through communication and interaction. Mathematics is cultural and can be divided into six different universal activities. Different ways of working with math are visualized. The importance of good didactic and mathematical knowledge to support the children in their mathematical development is noted.

    The aim of this study is to find out how preschool teachers interpret the mathematical curriculum goals and how they work with mathematics in preschool. The survey consists of interviews with four preschool teachers, telling how they work with mathematics together with children 3-5 years old, based on mathematical goals in preschool´s curriculum.

    The result of the study shows that mathematics in preschool is rarely planned. The preschool teachers mostly work with mathematics by paying attention to and naming the mathematics that occur in the day-to-day activities at the preschool. Through communication and interaction, the children in preschool get many opportunities to develop mathematically. The study shows that preschool teachers work according to the curriculum, which states that care and learning should go into each other. The results of this study points in the same direction as previous research. As further research, it is proposed to investigate how preschool teachers work with mathematics together with the youngest children in order to make a comparison and also to investigate the work with mathematics together with digitalization.

  • Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Country Case Study Sweden2018In: Triumph of the women?: The Female Face of the Populist & Far Right in Europe / [ed] Elisa Gutsche, Berlin: Forum Politik und Gesellschaft, Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung , 2018, , p. 95-104p. 94-105Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Rolandsdotter, Sofia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Stern, Josefin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    "Det ska mötas med kvinnor": Om arbete med kvinnors deltagande i offentliga rum i Vårberg2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim for this study is to investigate the significance of location as well as which strategies and values the organizations used in the study strive for in relation to women’s participation inpublic spaces in the district of Vårberg. The sample consists of a total of eight respondents: one individual and seven representatives from six different organizations. The study has a qualitative approach with case study as a research method. The empirical data has been collected through semi-structured one-on-one interviews and analyzed using a thematic analysis. The study's results have been analyzed through previous research on safer cities as well as sociological theories of social exclusion, intersectionality and trust. The results show that prejudices surrounding the place contribute to social exclusion, and that women have a particularly vulnerable position in Vårberg. Women are both a target group and a tool for both increasing general social inclusion as well as safety-work in the district. The work of social inclusion seeks to affect women’s participation in public spaces and to broaden their participation in a more ab-stract social community.

  • Söderberg, Frida
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Engesvik, Line
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    En anonym kvinna har inget kön: En kvalitativ studie om varför kvinnor väljer att vara anonyma på sociala medier Av:2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes what causes women to want to be anonymous on social media. Anonymity causes both negative and positive effects online, which we believe makes the topic interesting to examine from a specific user group’s perspective. Through interviews and a web-based questionnaire, this study provides insight into why women choose to remain anonymous, and which strategies they apply to preserve a hidden identity on social media. As the study aims to provide a qualitative answer, a discourse analysis was carried out in combination with a smaller content analysis when interpreting the material. The study shows that women are primarily anonymous to protect themselves against possible threats, as a tool for preserving their self-representation and as a means of releasing themselves from power structures. We see this as an indication that anonymity is an important function to make available for users, to achieve inclusive design.

  • Johansson, Daniel
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Karlberg, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    AP-fonderna och de smutsiga investeringarna: En studie om målkonflikter och hur AP-fonderna legitimerar investeringar i fossila bolag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Klimatkrisen är ett faktum. Sverige har, genom egna initiativ och internationella konventioner, gjort åtaganden mot att bli ett fossilfritt land med delmålet att minska utsläpp av koldioxid med minst 60 procent fram till 2030, för att ge kommande generationer och pensionärer möjligheten till en hållbar framtid. Samtidigt investeras miljardbelopp, genom svenska pensionsmyndigheter, i de allra smutsigaste fossila bolagen som genom sin verksamhet är en stor del av orsaken till den globala uppvärmningen. Att våra gemensamma pensionsmedel som ska säkra framtida pensioner är med och finansierar klimatkrisen är en paradox.

    Undersökningen syftar till att ta reda på vilka eventuella målkonflikter som finns i AP-fondernas uppdrag, hur de ser ut samt hur de använder sig av kommunikationsstrategier för att legitimera investeringar i fossila bolag. För att förstå och analysera fallet används framförallt legitimitetsteorin och intressentteorin, vilka bygger på det nyinstitutionella perspektivet. Metoden som används är en kvalitativ innehållsanalys av årsredovisningar och hållbarhetsrapporter samt observationer under en hållbarhetspresentation och paneldebatt arrangerad av AP-fonderna.

    Resultatet pekar på att det finns en betydande målkonflikt mellan uppdraget att förränta kapital, med hänsyn till etik och miljö, och investeringar i fossila bolag. I analys och slutsats diskuteras vilka kommunikationsstrategier, motiv och metoder som används för att legitimera agerandet. Huvudstrategin för att behålla legitimitet är att argumentera för, samt påvisa, möjligheter till påverkan genom aktiv ägardialog genom att driva, eller åtminstone påstå att man driver, hållbarhetsfrågor framgångsrikt. AP-fonderna och Etikrådet verkar systematiskt använda CSR- arbete och olika kommunikationsstrategier för att behålla legitimitet och resultatet pekar på att greenwashing används för att legitimera investeringar och finansiering av fossila bolag. 

  • Malmberg, Charles
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Nyberg, John
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Taylorregeln och negativa styrräntor: En empirisk analys av Taylorregelns relevans i Danmark, Schweiz och Sverige åren 2000-20182018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rate of inflation has been low in many countries since the financial crisis in 2008. In attempts to increase the inflation rate, central banks have lowered their interest rates to historically low levels. In Denmark, Switzerland and Sweden, the central banks key interest rates have been negative. In 1993, John B Taylor proposed a macroeconomic rule with the aim of providing a forecast for the key interest rate. According to the Taylor rule, the policy rate can be explained by the inflation rate and gross domestic product of previous periods.

    This paper aims to investigate the empirical relevance of the Taylor rule in Denmark, Switzerland and Sweden during the period 2000 to 2018. To do this, two tests are performed. The first is that, with a linear regression model, investigate the relationship between the key interest rate, the inflation gap and the GDP gap. The second is a Granger causality test to see if the implicit causality of the Taylor rule is correct. The Granger test is based on the results of a vector autoregression. The results of this paper show that there is a correlation between the rate of inflation and the key interest rate, but not between the GDP gap and the key interest rate in the selected countries during the investigation period. Furthermore, the results show that causality goes from the inflation gap and the GDP gap towards the key interest rate, as the Taylor rule suggests. The result does not suggest that negative key interest rates would affect the relevance of the Taylor rule.

  • Thörne, Camilla
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Olsson, Felicia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Hur vi flyger mot en hållbar framtid: En studie om vad kommersiella flygbolag hållbarhetsrapporterar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här kandidatuppsatsens syfte är att undersöka och analysera vad kommersiella flygbolag hållbarhetsrapporterar och varför de belyser vissa områden. Flygbranschen står idag för en stor del av världens utsläpp och vi människor förbrukar jordens resurser genom att leva över våra tillgångar. Undersökningen har gjorts med hjälp av en dokumentär forskning där åtta av Europas största flygbolags rapporterade hållbarhet- och CSR arbete undersökts. Studiens referensram består av tidigare forskning om corporate social responsibility,hållbarhetsredovisning, nyinstitutionell teori, intressentteorin och legitimitetsteorin. I studiens resultat presenteras flygbolagen var och en för sig. Informationen har sammanställts utifrån delarna allmän information, ekonomiskt, miljömässigt, socialt och övrigt ansvarstagande samt flygbolagens mål och visioner. Slutsatser som kan dras av denna studie är att förändringar för att klara FN:s globala mål och för att upprätthålla en hållbar utveckling ligger på flygbolagen och inte på passagerarna. Inte bara på vad de redovisar i sina hållbarhetsrapporter utan på hur de agerar. Flygbolagens hållbarhetsrapporteringar tenderar att likna varandra vilket tyder på att samtliga flygbolag tar till sig av intressenters krav och önskningar.

  • Ahmed, Ladan
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Constructing identities in a segregated society in Nella Larsen’s Passing: The importance of teaching literature in an EFL classroom2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Olsson Panzar, Kajsa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Nordén Ejderstav, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Yrkesverksammas upplevelser av sina förutsättningar för arbetet med våldsutsatta kvinnor i missbruk inom ideell sektor: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att försöka förstå vilka förutsättningar yrkesverksamma inom ideella organisationer upplever sig ha i arbetet med målgruppen - våldsutsatta kvinnor i missbruk. Vilka kontexter de yrkesverksamma upplever att deras ideella organisationer verkar inom samt hur de agerar i förhållande till samma kontexter i arbetet med målgruppen. Studiens resultat och analys bygger på upplevelser från nio respondenter som är yrkesverksamma inom ideella organisationer och som arbetar med nämnd målgrupp. Analysmetoden som använts är av kategorin, innehållsanalys. Studiens teoretiska referensram innefattar ett politiskt processperspektiv men också ett intersektionellt perspektiv, vilket används för att skapa djupare förståelse av insamlat material. Det visar sig att de ideella organisationerna själva har en intersektionell förståelse av sin målgrupp, en förståelse som utgör grunden för dess funktion som komplement till det offentliga. De ideella verkar inom kontexter där viktiga faktorer utgör det offentligas olika krav och syn på målgruppen och dess behov, vilket styr finansiellt. Andra faktorer är avsaknaden av allierade och hur det påverkar samarbete, genom kunskapsutbyte och målgruppens synlighet. Det här har gjort att de har utvecklat organisationen som flexibelt kan anpassa sig till behoven samtidigt som de bedriver opinionsbildning i syfte att långsiktigt förändra bilden av målgruppen och därmed även förutsättningarna för sin verksamhet.

  • Sten, Ulrika
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    De Basso, Gabriel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Samspelet mellan varumärke och medarbetarnas föreställningar: En uppsats om hur Hemköps medarbetare ser på den interna varumärkeshanteringen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper observes intern branding and the relation between coworker and brand. It is a mapping study that investigates relations, variables and other factors that affect the integration between coworkers and brand, how they relate to each other. In terms of doing the study, the food chain Hemköp has participated for interviews. Store managers and team managers have been interviewed in different stores around Stockholm. The idea of the study comes from the lack of intern branding and that most literature and research focus on the external perspective, aimed at the costumer. Some researchers mean that it's time to rethink, it's time to look at the corporate brand as the main integrated factor that bring customer, coworker and corporate together. These researchers suppose that the future for an organization is based on how the corporate brand is integrated within the organization. If the corporate doesn’t work on the inside, it will not, in the long term, work on the outside. It requires loyal employees, a distinct communication and an integrated link between the corporate vision, coworker’s culture and customer’s image of the brand. Hemköps’s coworkers indicate within several areas that the intern brand is well operated, and their strategies can be straightened by the researcher’s theories. Hemköp has several loyal employees, excellent tools and planning for a well-functioning internal communication. There are some gaps that needs to be restructured, including how to get employees to stay and develop within the company.

  • Andersson, Jesper
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Sundqvist, Linn
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    The effects of the EU-Mexico Free Trade Agreement on trade flows2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis examines the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between Mexico and the countries that resembles the European Union(EU) prior to the expansion in 2004, hereafter(EU15). The purpose is to analyze the effects of the FTA between the trading parties and investigate whether the FTA has resulted in positive effects on export volumes. The model includes 16 countries and is estimated with panel data between the years 1997-2016. We apply a gravity model as econometric framework and perform two regressions, one with fixed effects and one with random effects. Our results suggest that export volumes from Mexico to the EU on an aggregated level have increased for Mexico and the EU has increased. However, in contrast to previous estimates, our results show that the FTA have generated negative effects on trade creation between the trading parties.

  • Banhart, Simon
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Varför används pollenanalys?: En studie av hur pollenanalys tillämpas i arkeologiska rapporter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Why is pollen analysis used?

    This thesis has critically reviewed and examined archaeologist’s view and usage of pollen analysis, or palynology. Two research questions have been used and they are both directed towards archaeology reports and wants, together with the purpose, study how archaeologist have been using pollen analysis. In this thesis nine archaeology reports have been studied and analysed, and they have been compared with what archaeology literature have to say about pollen analysists abilities and limitations.

    The results presented in this thesis show that archaeologists are aware of how pollen analysis function, as well as the analysis methods abilities and limitations. Exceptions exists, but for the most parts archaeologists use pollen analysis for similar purposes namely, to examine vegetation history or to landscaping prehistoric mapping. In the exceptions, pollen analysis has shown to be a difficult method. But indications occur that pollen analysis, as a study method, can be used in more research questions than only vegetation history and landscape mapping.

  • Eriksson, Filip
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Henriksson, Frans
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Spelar andelen roll?: En kvantitativ studie om kvinnlig styrelserepresentation och aktieavkastning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of gender equality has been relevant for many decades, but in spite of this, in the corporate boards there is a strong inequality in many of Europe's countries. In Sweden, the proportion of women in listed companies' boards increased from 6.1 percent in 2002 to 33.9 percent in 2018, which is an increase of 27.8 percentage points. Although Sweden is more equitable than many other countries, there is still a lot of work to do before the boardroom can be considered equal. Whether gender equality is desirable can be argued from several different perspectives. Researchers within the subject usually divide the question into what is morally correct and what is economically most beneficial. This study explores the issue from an economic perspective and has therefore studied similar earlier research. Existing research does not succeed in showing an unambiguous result whether increased female representation in corporate boards leads to increased financial gain or not. We have chosen to address this problem from an investor perspective by designing four different share portfolios based on Kanters (1977) theory of the critical mass. The study is based on companies on the OMX Stockholm Large Cap during the period from 2010 to 2017 where we compare the companies' total stock returns with a comparable index. The companies have been divided into different portfolios depending on the gender composition of its board. A hypothesis has then been set for each portfolio where we test at a 5% significance level if it is possible to determine the portfolio's return compared to the market. The most as well as the least equal portfolio exceeds the 5% significance level, which means that the portfolio's results are not statistically significant. However, the result shows that the higher the proportion of women represented in the corporate boards, the lower the average return.

  • Rust, Daniella
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Den antroposofiska bildningshumanismen porträtterad i svensk press: En studie om den svenska pressens framställning av Kristofferskolan och dess pedagogik2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies newspaper articles from Svenska Dagbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Aftonbladet and Expressen between 1949 and 1960 to see what is written about the anthroposophical Kristofferskolan. The paper intends to investigate and answer how Kristofferskolan and the Waldorf pedagogy are presented in these articles, if there are critical voices in the articles and how these express themselves, but also to what extent life view is addressed in the articles. The survey is a qualitative discourse analytical method to see how these representations are made and what the content of the articles has for meaning. The theory that the essay has to relate to is what David Thurfjell calls the secularization hypothesis, which aims to see if society and the people in it go from the clerical to the more individualized life view.

    Kristofferskolan and its pedagogy are largely presented in all articles positively, and as an appreciated healthy pedagogical wind that could give the ordinary school advice on how it can be improved. The critical voices that were in the articles were just aimed at the ordinary school, which seemed to be stuck in the same pedagogical methods it always used. Where, according to the articles, journalists considered that the new unit school should look at the Waldorf pedagogy. Critical voices were also directed against the decisions that the state claimed not to grant Kristofferskolan state subsidies.

    Furthermore, relatively little was written about life view in connection with Kristofferskolan. In a couple of articles there was written about anthroposophy and its influence on the pedagogy used at the school. What was noted by the journalists was mainly that Kristofferskolan in some sense is a school for everyone, not a confessional school only for children whose parents belong to the Anthroposophical Society, or that it is a rich man's school for the most wealthy.

  • Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism. Stockholms universitet.
    A Narratological Investigation Of Eyewitness Reporting: how a journalistic mission affects narrative structures of the text2018In: Brazilian Journalism Research, E-ISSN 1981-9854, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 676-699Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing upon the tenets of discourse narratology, this essay identifies and discusses the various narrative and rhetorical features typical of literary journalism/reportage that have evolved from the classical tradition of first-hand observation/eyewitness reporting. I give examples of narrative patterns that have influenced literary journalism throughout the 20th century and up until today, and argue that they differ from structures found in comparable ways of narrating in fiction as well as in autobiographies. I highlight four consequences of a rhetorical “position of witnessing”: a narrative perspective directed from the outside and inward, and an illusion of simultaneity of a reporter being present on the spot and seemingly witnessing and narrating at the same time. Furthermore, the essay explores how realism, in terms of mimetic (scenic) form and scrutinized details, works differently in literary journalism than in realistic fiction. In this article, I attempt to demonstrate how narratology can open new doors to our understanding how literary journalism works in its single structures and how these structures in turn affect the reader’s experience.

  • Zetterberg, Theodor
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Döden på Tomhetens Fält: Döden, Intet och det Absoluta hos Nishitani Keiji och Nishida Kitarō2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the role played by death in the philosophy of Nishitani Keiji, through the nondual logic of contradictory identity developed by his teacher and founder of the Kyotoschool of philosophy, Nishida Kitarō. I explore Nishitani’s understanding of how Nothingness, nihility, through our awareness of death penetrates and nullifies existence itself, how the irreality of all being comes to the fore to make being itself unreal. The nullifying nothingness of nihility, however, is still nothingness represented as a something; it is a reified nothing, defined as the antithesis to being and thus still seen as a corollary of being itself. A truly absolute nothingness, what Nishitani calls Śūnyatā, emptiness, must be a nothingness so devoid of being as to not even be nothing; it must be absolutely nothing at all, and thus nothing else than being itself. The final chapter of my paper seeks to apply this nondual understanding of being and nothingness to the question of death itself; to understand the ontological meaning of death - the passage from being to non-being - when being and non-being have been one from the very beginning. The paper also seeks to blur the lines between what has traditionally been considered philosophy and religion, using the thinking of the Kyoto school to point to the deeper ties between the two in the borderland that is buddhist philosophy.

  • Ahlbäck, Marcus
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Förnybara energikällor i media2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To combat the rising global temperature Sweden have signed the Paris Agreement to limit the release of CO2 and keep the temperature to a minimum increase of 1,5 degrees. A transformation of today’s energy system towards renewable energy is paramount to this endeavour, which in part relies on public acceptance where media plays an important role inshaping public acceptance. This study aims to map acceptance of renewable energy sources and draws on framing theory, which states that the media focuses attention on certain events and gives information meaning, in a sense how something is presented to the audience influences their choices in how to process said information. As this is a qualitative study, 49 articles about bio-, geothermal, solar, water and wind energy from Sweden’s four major newspapers, Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Expressen and Svenska Dagbladet, have been gathered from the Svenska dagstidningar database and examined through frame analysis. Media framing contributing to public acceptance was bio- and solar energy while water subtracted from it. Wind energy were both contributing and subtracting from acceptance while geothermal lacked articles entirely, prohibiting it from entering public discourse altogether. Meanwhile the biggest deciding factor towards framing acceptance for renewable energy depended largely on the newspaper.

  • Torefeldt, Stina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Kärlekens skugg-gömma: om det queera begäret i Maria Gripes skuggromaner2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Maria Gripe’s shadow-series consists of four novels written in the 1980s and feature a character who present themselves as both as a girl and a boy. Carolin, also known as Carl has got a mysterious and captivating aura that leaves everybody fascinated and most people enamoured with him/her. Carolin shares many similarities with the 19th century author Carl Jonas Love Almqvist’s character Tintomara from the novel The Queen’s Tiara (Drottningens juvelsmycke). This essay examines the desire that is aimed at Carolin and explores the queer situations that arises as consequences of his/her cross dressing. I comparatively analyse the desire expressed in the shadow-series and The Queen’s Tiara to find similarities in who is affected by it and where the queer situations occur. The damaging effect of the desire is explored as well. The essay concludes that while most situations can be viewed as both heterosexual and homosexual Gripe uses genres and metaphors that amplify the queerness. Both Carolin and Tintomara are greatly affected by the desire toward them and get hurt because of it. Gripe and Almqvists charismatic androgynous characters bring desire and despair wherever they go, at least as long as they do not conform to society’s norm of gender dichotomy.

  • Fallberg Omar, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Vilken grupp tillhör jag?: En identitetspolitisk jämförelse av två skandinaviska socialistiska partier2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Identity politics is about who you identify as and which group you choose to belong to. The left is often said to be using identity politics. The purpose of this essay is to analyze two Scandinavian countries, Norway and Sweden’s, left parties and see if they use identity politics in their election manifestos. To analyze them I’ve chosen to do both a bigger qualitative idea- and ideology analysis and a smaller quantitative content analysis. I found the most common definition of identity politics and used this for my analysis. The theory I choose for my essay is Vivian A. Schmidts Discursive institutionalism where she talks about the importance of idées and discourse to explain change in institution and lawmaking. I also looked at previous research about party change and idea impact. My essay shows that both parties use identity politics, although the Swedish party uses it a little more than the Norwegian one. It also shows that it has not been a steady increase over the years, it has gone up and down for both parties.

  • Beskow, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Inställningar till våld inom den radikalnationalistiska sociala rörelsen i Sverige2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents an empirically founded description of attitudes towards violence in radical nationalist social movements and of how these are (re)constructed within organisations. The analysis has been made through a hermeneutical frame analysis of texts, podcasts, documentaries and radio programmes about and issued by radical nationalist actors.

    The result shows that the radical nationalist movement has a collective world view of “their own people” as threatened by a refugee invasion from which the state is unwilling to protect said people. Nationalist actors see it as their responsibility to protect the people where the state fails to do so. Violence is not seen as an end, but as a natural means in the fight for survival, which will not be disregarded if perceived as advantageous. The movement sees itself as victim to physical and political injustice from the system and from political opponents, which in their view justifies use violence in self protecting purposes. Official guidelines encourage violence to protect oneself, one’s comrades and the honour of the organisation. A radicalized version is that violence always can be motivated with self-defence because “our people” is seen as under attack and needs to be defended.

  • Nippgen, Amanda
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Är graviditet fortfarande det bästa botemedlet?: En kritisk diskursanalys av hur kvällspressen skriver om endometrios under åren 1996–20162018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents a critical discourse analysis of how the Swedish tabloids write about endometriosis. The empirical material consists of 23 articles which focus on the disease endometriosis, published between the years of 1996–2016. The thesis’ overall aim is to examine how the disease and individuals who suffer from it are portrayed, and what power the press has to create, maintain or change discourses of endometriosis. To achieve this the thesis uses three theoretical perspectives: 1) women’s pain and diseases have not been acknowledged in the medical history, 2) the feministic perspective, that this depends on the gender order, and 3) the press’ ability to affect society. Guided by a social constructive understanding of language, the thesis analyses the situation context and the articles’ themes on a micro and macro level, which is later constructed into the critical discourse analysis. The result shows that the press mostly writes detailed, although simplified information regarding endometriosis. The pain women experience is described as severe, but endometriosis is also often portrayed mostly as a fertility problem. Discourses shown in previous articles about the pain and diseases in women could be seen in the articles. However, a change can be noted during the investigated time period, both considering the press’ description of endometriosis and the discursive perspective. The information about the disease gets more medical correct and the discursive change tends to have a more feministic approach.

  • Melander, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Malm, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Hot och våld på socialtjänsten: En kvalitativ studie om hur socialsekreterares fritid- och arbetssituation påverkas av hot och våld i arbetet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to answer how social workers conceptualize the risk of violence in their workplace. The data consisted of seven interviews with social workers working in financial aid departments in or around the Stockholm area. Semi structured interviews were used to gather the data which then were processed with a fenomenographic method. The data was analyzed with Lazarus and Folkman theory on coping and Antonovsky’s generalized resistance resources. The findings in this study shows that all respondents have experienced threats or violence in some form in their work. They use strategies to cope with both the situation at hand and the emotions connected to the event. The respondents were affected in their spare time to some extent. It will be argued that there is a form of duality between to not accept violence and at the same time have understanding for client’s vulnerable situation and for the effect social workers decision-making have on the client’s lives.

  • Eriksson, Dennis
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    70 år av judefientlighet i Palestina: En studie av antisemitismen i Hamas politik och ideologi i Israel- Palestinakonflikten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Konflikten mellan Israel och Palestina har funnits närvarande sedan en lång tid tillbaka i vår historia, närmare bestämt från 1920-talet fram till idag. 1948 utropades den judiska staten Israel vilket utlöste en rad våldsamma konflikter med andra länder i Mellanösternregionen, det har också utlöst en antisemitism som fått fäste hos extremistgrupper. En sådan grupp är den islamitiska gruppen Hamas som bildades 1987 som ett resultat av de aktioner som Israel gjort kring Gaza och Västbanken, och har gjort väpnat motstånd emot Israel med sin underjordiska armé av islamister. 

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur antisemitismen framträder i gruppen Hamas stadgar, som är en form av politiskt och ideologiskt manifest, samt hur gruppen legitimerar sin antisemitism gentemot både judar som folkgrupp men också sin politik gentemot staten Israel.

    Källmaterialet som jag har valt att utgå ifrån är Hamas politiska och ideologiska manifest kallat Hamas stadgar som utkom 1988. Stadgarna innehåller Hamas ideologiska och politiska ståndpunkter. Genom att använda mig av både en innehållsanalys och diskursanalys i undersökandet och granskandet av Hamas stadgar hoppas jag kunna se hur och på vilket sätt antisemitismen framträder hos Hamas samt hur de legitimerar sin antisemitism mot judar och Israel.

    De resultat som har erhållits påvisar flera olika aspekter som först påvisar hur antisemitismen framträder i Hamas stadgar samt hur de sedan väljer att legitimera sin antisemitism gentemot judar och Israel utefter ett flertal anledningar och aspekter som kommer att delges i senare delar av uppsatsen. 

  • Lindqvist, Linda
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Pedagogers uppfattning om inskolning i förskoleverksamhet: En kvalitativ studie om pedagogers uppfattning om olika inskolningsmodeller - traditionell inskolning och föräldraaktiv inskolning2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When children start preschool, it can be a big change for the whole family and for many children the first big separation in life. The first meeting of preschool takes place through introduction.

    In Sweden today, there are mainly two models of introduction that are being practiced - traditional introduction and parental-active introduction. Child introduction to preschool is an underdeveloped area where the views today differ among educators and researchers and a medial debate is ongoing about the pros and cons of the models. The purpose of the study was to investigate how educators perceive the different schooling models. The survey has been conducted using qualitative interviews of five educators working at different preschools. The analysis focused on the perceptions of the educators about the different education models, how they relate to them, and what the educators consider to be the most important aspect of in-school education. The result shows that the choice of education model and performance looks different at preschools. My interpretation is that the choice of education model is not based on research but on the educators' experience of the different models and that the goal of education is to be based on each child and family in order to be able to personalize the education as far as possible in the business. The study contributes to a broader understanding of how the education models are practiced in different activities, as well as the educators' perception and experience about these. 

  • Engstrand, Christine
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Har ni löst det?: En uppsats om hur pedagogers stress och kortsiktiga lösningar påverkar barnen och förskolans verksamhet.2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about how educators´ stress and short-term solutions affect the children and the preschool activities. By using a hermeneutic research approach, I have tried to get a new understanding based on the pre-understanding I already have. Most importantly, I have used Hans-Georg Gadamer's hermeneutic. The purpose of the paper is to show how preschool teachers´ stress affects the children in preschool and the function of preschool, by showing how to create an understanding of how to work differently. What do you need, as a preschool teacher, to bring into the preschool?

                          My story is about three different situations where short-term solutions and stress are factors. One situation is a meeting, the other is a regular day at preschool and the third is about communication between colleagues and communication between coworkers and boss.

                          My questions are: 

    • How do the educator´s stress and short-term solutions affect the preschool's activities?
    • In what way are the children in the preschool affected by the educator´s stress and short-term solutions?

                          As people react differently to stress and stressors, there is no miracle "cure" of the situations. In my essay, I have therefore discussed the rights of employees as well as the duties of the employer. 

                          What I have concluded is that preschool teachers´ stress and short-term solutions affect children and the preschool indirectly. Because other factors, such as meetings and staff shortages, hinder the activities, the children are indirectly affected. This is because the pedagogue is less present and more easily irritated due to social and organizational factors. This, in turn, affects the children indirectly by preventing the pedagogue from doing a satisfactory job.