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  • Rytkönen, Paulina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Larsson Segerlind, Tommy
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Onn, Gustaf
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Degerstedt, Lars
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Facing business challenges with the Stockholm Archipelago as a context: A comparative study of entrepreneurial responses and local development on three islands2019In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. XII, no 2, p. 74-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By conducting a comparative qualitative and systematic study of the local (island) pre-conditions for creating sustainable socio-economic development through entrepreneurship, here defined as a process of identifying, evaluating, and exploiting entrepreneurial opportunities, this study aims to shed light on entrepreneurial responses to challenges and opportunities on three islands in the Stockholm Archipelago and how context influences these responses.

  • Hasanagic, Sanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Khumkhong, Pronpimol
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Organisering av turism på destinationerna Dalarö och Utö: En studie om turismaktörerna på Dalarö och Utö samt jämförelse med Gamla Stan2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The study is based on analyzing how different organizations organize and market tourism in the Haninge archipelago. The study compares the organizations on Utö and Dalarö with a tourism organization in Gamla Stan, to see if there are any similarities and differences in the strategic planning process.

    Method: This study is based more on words than on numbers. Which means that it is a qualitative study that contains (7) pieces of semi-structured interviews and two observations of the destinations Dalarö and Utö. The interviews and observations give a greater understanding of how to plan for tourism and also emphasize how important it is for actors to plan their business, to reach out to existing customers but also to attract new customers.

    Theory: The theories used include strategic planning, strategic marketing, product differentiation and SWOT analysis. These are used to gather information about how the organizations plan their businesses, what products they offer and their goals with tourism.

    Result: The result showed that the organizations focus on various issues and the strategic planning process is not mentioned by many. The tourism organization in Gamla Stan emphasizes the importance of a clear planning process that includes the whole staff and how important it is to follow guidelines with restrictions to prevent tourism from harming the environment. The organizations on Dalarö and Utö focused more on how to deliver information and service to best meet the tourists.

  • Lövenblad, Jeanette
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Tedelund, Elin
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Att arbeta utifrån barns intresse i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie om hur barn ges inflytande och delaktighet i projektarbete2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis is to exam how preschools inspired of Reggio Emilia philosophy is practicing the involvement of children’s interest in project work. The aim of this study is to contribute with new knowledge in which way children’s interest is made use of and how children can get involved within the boundaries of project work. The study has its starting point by following issues:

    - Which methods are used by the teacher to enable children’s interest in project work?- To what extend are children given influence and participation in project work?- Which of the children’s communicative resources and expressions such as gestures, looks and speech are the ones who get the most space to influence a project work?

    This is a case study where the information has been produced, processed and analyzed by a qualitative method. To collect data, semi-structured interviews with teachers have been combined with observations. The study links with Basil Bernstein's (2000) theory of power and control as well as Fanny Davidsson (2018) and Harry Shier's (2001) perspective on influence and participation.

    The results of the study show a complex picture in which different factors interact and give children more or less influence. The study shows that the most prominent methods the teachers use to be able to work based on children's interest are through observing, listening and reflection. Furthermore, the result shows that the structure of the activity, the teachers attitude and their child perspective are important for the grade of children's influence and participation in the project work. The children's ability to express themselves verbally and stay within the framework of the project work also proves to be of importance for the grade of children's influence and participation.

  • Janzén, Therese
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Petersson, Mona
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Hammer, Monica
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Aspán, Anna
    National Veterinary Institute (SVA).
    Dinnétz, Patrik
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Equine Granulocytic Anaplasmosis in Southern Sweden: Associations with coniferous forest, water bodies and landscape heterogeneity2019In: Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, ISSN 0167-8809, E-ISSN 1873-2305, Vol. 285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Landscape characteristics influence both vector and host habitats affecting the spatial and temporal distribution of vector-borne diseases. Anaplasma phagocytophilum is one of the most widespread tick-borne diseases in Europe causing tick-borne fever (TBF) in domestic ruminants, and granulocytic anaplasmosis in humans, horses and companion animals. The aim of this study was to identify landscape factors associated with Equine Granulocytic Anaplasmosis (EGA) cases in a refined temporal and spatial analysis by combining land cover data and presence/absence disease data, using a geographical information system (GIS). This study is a retrospective analysis utilizing 1030 EGA diagnostic test results extracted from the National Veterinary Institute (SVA, Sweden). The association between EGA and different land cover types was analyzed with generalized linear models. To analyze the relation between landscape heterogeneity and EGA, we calculated the Gini-Simpson index. Our results showed a significant increase in the proportion positive EGA cases from 2002 to 2015 and marked differences in the seasonal within year distribution of EGA cases. The association with landscape configuration is shown by the positive relationship between A. phagocytophilum and coniferous forest, water bodies, and landscape heterogeneity, respectively. The information on the eco-epidemiological drivers for EGA can be central for disease control and prevention. Our method of linking land cover to disease risk may be applied to other vector-borne diseases and to other study regions.

  • Leinsalu, Mall
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Reile, Rainer
    National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Stickley, Andrew
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education. National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Tokyo, Japan.
    Economic fluctuations and long-term trends in depression: a repeated cross-sectional study in Estonia 2004-20162019In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, ISSN 0143-005X, E-ISSN 1470-2738, article id jech-2018-211939Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: In the 2000s, the Baltic countries experienced unprecedented credit-driven economic growth that was followed by a deep recession. This study examined the impact of profound macroeconomic changes on population mental health in Estonia in 2004-2016.

    METHODS: Data on 17 794 individuals in the 20-64 age group were obtained from seven nationally representative cross-sectional surveys. The prevalence of past 30-day depression was calculated for men and women further stratified by sociodemographic characteristics. Multivariable regression analysis was used to assess whether these characteristics were associated with the yearly variation in depression.

    RESULTS: In 2006, the adjusted prevalence ratio for depression was 0.77 (95% CI 0.64 to 0.93) for men and 0.85 (95% CI 0.74 to 0.97) for women as compared with 2004; in 2010, the prevalence ratio as compared with 2008 for both men and women was 1.22 (95% CIs 1.04 to 1.43 and 1.09 to 1.37, respectively). Among men, the increase in the prevalence of depression in 2008-2010 was statistically significant for 35-64 year olds, ethnic Estonians, those who were married, mid-educated or were employed, whereas among women, a significant increase was observed in 50-64 year olds, Estonians and non-Estonians, those who were not-married, were highly educated or mid-educated, in the mid-income group or were employed.

    CONCLUSIONS: Population mental health is responsive to macroeconomic changes. In less wealthy high-income countries, the greater impact of recession on depression among advantaged groups may relate to a higher debt burden coupled with job insecurity.

  • Paradzik, Ivona
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Lappalainen, Jasmin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Utvecklingen av destination Gotland: en kvalitativ studie om destinationsutveckling av Gotlands lågsäsongsturism2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study has been to research how the low season affects tourism and how destination development is taken care of on the island of Gotland in Sweden. Gotland is a very popular travel destination during the busy summer months June, July and August, but the authors of this study felt that it would be interesting to investigate what happens with the tourism business during the rest of the year on the island.

    With the help of qualitative methods such as interviews with the local people, stakeholders, and observations made in the capital of Gotland Visby, the authors have gathered data to be analyzed and presented in this paper. The authors had the privilege to interview two tourism managers from Destination Gotland and Region Gotland, who provided important information for the study.

    To be able to find out how different aspects of destination development of low season tourism are taken to account, the authors prepared an interview guide for every specific interview, to match the topics discussed with the informants. It was important to the authors to fully engage to this study, so travelling to Visby and observe the island was a natural choice. This excursion gave the authors the possibility to discover the island not only from an academic perspective but also from a touristic one.

  • Andersson, Sofie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Hägglund, Sandra
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Björninen, Evelina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    “Det är ju underhållning att gå på en mässa för mig i alla fall”: En studie kring besökares motiv vid deltagande av mässor i privat-, utbildnings- och företagssyfte2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The MICE-industry is a relatively new phenomenon that is currently in a strong growth period, fairs are included in this industry. There is a great deal of interest and a variety of motives for people to visit fairs for various reasons. The exhibitors' and visitors' motives differ according to several studies, which shows the problems that exists about what the visitors' actual motives are. This study investigates why visitors in private, educational and business purposes choose to participate in fairs, and identifies what the influencing motive is behind the visitor's decision to participate in a fair. This is examined through a quantitative and qualitative research method. The result shows that there are similarities, but also significant differences between the three visitor purposes.

  • Hatami, Arina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Chowdhury, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Handlingar talar starkare än ord: En kvalitativ undersökning om konsumenters attityd och beteende inom Fast Fashion2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study is to search for a deeper understanding of Gen-Z’s consumer loyalty in the form of their attitudes and behaviour towards Fast Fashion and how the relationship between these factors can look like. Furthermore this study aims to identify the consequences of the the different perceptions in the form of Word of Mouth.

    Research questions:

    • What does consumers brand image look like when it comes to a Fast Fashion brand and what does it depend on?
    • What are the differences between consumers attitudes and behaviour towards a Fast Fashion brand?
    • What does consumers loyalty look like in its whole to a Fast Fashion brand based off attitudinal and behavioural factors?

    Method: This study is based on a qualitative approach and the data has been collected through semi-structured interviews. Both focus groups and individual interviews have been conducted.

    Theoretical framework: The theories that have been applied are Brand Image, Brand Attitude, Brand Loyalty, Loyalty Model and Loyalty Classification by Dick & Basu (1994), Loyaltypyramid (Aaker 1991) and finally Word of Mouth.

    Conclusions: The conclusions are that the respondents has got a negative image of H&M as a brand. A contradiction was also identified between the respondents attitudes and behaviour considering they were very different. The loyalty towards the brand was not very strong. The negative attitudes of the respondents had an significant influence on the brands Word of Mouth.

  • Bekele, Mesfin Negash
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Political Parallelism in Diaspora-based Transnational Media: The case of Ethiopian Satellite Television and Radio (ESAT)2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores political parallelism in the context of diaspora-based transnational media through the experience of the Ethiopian Satellite Television and Radio (ESAT). The station is conceived as a party media outlet and transformed into a diaspora-based, non-profit and mainly diaspora funded institution. It has been operating from its three studios in Amsterdam, London and Washington, D.C., until recently. ESAT has emerged as one of the most influential media outlets in the political landscape of Ethiopia in the last ten years. The research, through qualitative and in-depth case study interviews, examines the underlying ideological, political and organizational affiliations that defined ESAT’s position in the media landscape. The study concluded that political parallelism, as an indicator of the dynamics between media and politics, can be used in the diaspora-based transnational media context. However, the study also validated critics on the inapplicability of the two preconditions of political parallelism, namely the existence of competitive system and patterns. The analysis confirms a high level of political parallelism in ESAT in all the five indicators selected for the study. The indicators considered are Ownership, Organizational connections, Party or ideological loyalty, Media personnel’s political involvement, and Journalists’ role orientation. Each of them demonstrated a level of parallelism in ideological orientations or party connection with Ginbot 7 Movement for Democracy and Justice. The study concluded that the salient features of political parallelism should further be studied in the context of the transnational media space of diaspora-based media.

  • Bozkurt, Enise
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Axelson, Mikaela
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Ensamkommande barn - En egen grupp: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om socialarbetares upplevelser av arbetet med ensamkommande barn2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study was to investigate the experiences of social workers working with unaccompanied children within municipal social service in Sweden. In particular, this study seeked better understanding of the possibilities and challenges social workers experience in their work and also highlight the differences and similarities in the work with unaccompanied children and children who are not unaccompanied. An abductive approach was used, moving between empirics and theories. The empirical data was collected through qualitative interviews with ten social workers with experience of working with both unaccompanied and children who are not accompanied. The results showed that the social workers working with the target group unaccompanied children felt that the work was more rewarding, in comparison to those who didnt work with the target group. Further, the social workers experienced that the unaccompanied children were not as prioritised as other children and that the language within the social services categorized the unaccompanied children as an own group. Accordingly the social workers felt there were more challenges in working with unaccompanied children. The hope is that this study will be an eye opener for the social work, and stop the separation of unaccompanied children into its own group.

  • Jahnke, Marlene
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg / University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Gullström, Martin
    Stockholm University / University of Gothenburg.
    Larsson, Josefine
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Asplund, Maria E.
    Stockholm University / University of Gothenburg.
    Mgeleka, Said
    Stockholm University / Tanzania Fisheries Research Institute (TAFIRI), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
    Silas, Mathew Ogalo
    Stockholm University / Tanzania Fisheries Research Institute (TAFIRI), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
    Hoamby, Arielle
    Institut Halieutique et des Science Marine Toliara (IH.SM), Toliara, Madagascar.
    Mahafina, Jamal
    Institut Halieutique et des Science Marine Toliara (IH.SM), Toliara, Madagascar.
    Nordlund, Lina Mtwana
    Stockholm University / Uppsala University.
    Population genetic structure and connectivity of the seagrass Thalassia hemprichii in the Western Indian Ocean is influenced by predominant ocean currents2019In: Ecology and Evolution, ISSN 2045-7758, E-ISSN 2045-7758Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is the first large-scale genetic population study of a widespread climax species of seagrass, Thalassia hemprichii, in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO). The aim was to understand genetic population structure and connectivity of T. hemprichii in relation to hydrodynamic features. We genotyped 205 individual seagrass shoots from 11 sites across the WIO, spanning over a distance of similar to 2,700 km, with twelve microsatellite markers. Seagrass shoots were sampled in Kenya, Tanzania (mainland and Zanzibar), Mozambique, and Madagascar: 4-26 degrees S and 33-48 degrees E. We assessed clonality and visualized genetic diversity and genetic population differentiation. We used Bayesian clustering approaches (TESS) to trace spatial ancestry of populations and used directional migration rates (DivMigrate) to identify sources of gene flow. We identified four genetically differentiated groups: (a) samples from the Zanzibar channel; (b) Mozambique; (c) Madagascar; and (d) the east coast of Zanzibar and Kenya. Significant pairwise population genetic differentiation was found among many sites. Isolation by distance was detected for the estimated magnitude of divergence (D-EST), but the three predominant ocean current systems (i.e., East African Coastal Current, North East Madagascar Current, and the South Equatorial Current) also determine genetic connectivity and genetic structure. Directional migration rates indicate that Madagascar acts as an important source population. Overall, clonality was moderate to high with large differences among sampling sites, indicating relatively low, but spatially variable sexual reproduction rates. The strongest genetic break was identified for three sites in the Zanzibar channel. Although isolation by distance is present, this study suggests that the three regionally predominant ocean current systems (i.e., East African Coastal Current, North East Madagascar Current, and the South Equatorial Current) rather than distance determine genetic connectivity and structure of T. hemprichii in the WIO. If the goal is to maintain genetic connectivity of T. hemprichii within the WIO, conservation planning and implementation of marine protection should be considered at the regional scale-across national borders.

  • Jonestrand, Mathias
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Grönwall, Jimmy
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    En pinne i tinningen eller hämmat lärande?: Hur skall fritidshemslärare förhålla sig till barns riskfyllda lekar?2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a scientific essay that examines the relationship between risk and responsibility when it comes to children's play. The work consists of two dilemma texts based on what we authors ourselves experienced and it is based on these stories from which the reflection is based. The purpose of the work is to broaden our understanding horizon when we end up in similar situations. Through the scientific essay we will reflect on our self-perceived dilemmas with the help of different theories and literature. Through our reflections, we realized that our values govern how we act when we end up in a situation where we need to take a stand on the children's risk-taking versus our responsibility to ensure that they are safe and secure at school.

  • Åfors, Signe
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Unethical Conduct & Stock Prices: A case study on the wealth effects of unethical corporate behavior2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the last decade Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has become increasingly important and multiple corporations that have been exposed for unethical behavior have been harshly penalized by the market. This study aims at evaluating wealth effects of unethical corporate behavior by doing a case study, in which an in-depth analysis is conducted on four infamous corporate scandals; Wells Fargo, HSBC, Danske Bank, and Volkswagen. Share prices are compared to an approximation of what the prices could have been, had the scandals not been revealed, to give an indication on abnormal returns around the announcement of the corporate scandals. The approximation is based on the share’s previous correlation with market returns. Results of the study are then contrasted to and analyzed with regard to findings of previously conducted event studies on the wealth loss suffered due to exposed unethical behavior. It is found that the corporate scandals resulted in substantial direct wealth losses in terms of market cap value and shareholder wealth for two of our cases, Wells Fargo and Volkswagen. The value decrease that Danske Bank suffered was also substantial, but had a lag in discernible market reactions in comparison to Wells Fargo and Volkswagen. HSBC has in recent years been lagging behind our price approximation, but any direct negative effect from the scandal announcement cannot be observed.

  • Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Salaverría, Ramón
    Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.
    Interacting, but not contributing: fruitless news crowdsourcing in Spain2019In: Estudios sobre el Mensaje Periodí­stico, ISSN 1134-1629, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 639-655Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Trusting the audience to contribute data, a practice called crowdsourcing, is one of several procedures of contemporary data journalism. While previous research has embraced the idea of crowdsourcing as a transparent way of engaging the audience, the journalistic practice of crowdsourcing is currently still limited. The Spanish case is particularly illuminating of the gap between theoretical expectations and reality. Although online news media in Spain stands out because of its commitment to exploring interactive possibilities, and its audience is especially prone to comment on news, this qualitative study presents evidence that Spanish data journalists remain quite reluctant to embrace crowdsourcing as a research method. Based on semi-structured interviews with five Spanish data journalists, this paper explains the motivations behind this reluctance as well as the challenges of activating the audience.

  • Ceylan, Elif
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Befann sig Stockholm i en bostadsbubbla år 2017?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Persson, Martina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Yakhyaev, Rashid
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Autenticitet inom backpacking: En studie som undersöker autenticitet och hedonism inom backpacking2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores authenticity and hedonism in backpacking. Postmodernism has led to a homogenization in regards to the destinations that backpackers visit and the activities they perform. Authentic experiences are thus much more difficult to find and discern due to the prevailing mass tourism. This study measures Swedish backpacker's perceptions and behaviors regarding authenticity, using a questionnaire survey that is answered by 203 participants. Data collection is presented in the form of tables and descriptive text that is analyzed using a theoretical framework which includes authenticity, backpacking, hedonism and well-being. The result shows that Swedish backpacker's perceptions and behaviors are most closely linked to existential authenticity and that hedonistic enjoyment is part of the modern backpacker.

  • Vakulenko, Yulia
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hellström, Daniel
    Lund University.
    Innovative framework for self-service kiosks: Integrating customer value knowledge2019In: Journal of Innovation & Knowledge, ISSN 2444-569XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reveals different types of self-service kiosk customer value and synthesizes the self-service kiosk customer value framework, which includes four value groups and three types of customer value elements. The study also reveals gaps which stem from the inconsistency and fragmented nature of previous research on customer value in self-service kiosks. Based on the review of relevant literature and analysis of the systematically selected articles, the findings provide a basis for future investigations into service science and support manager decision making during the stages of consideration, implementation, and improvement of self-service kiosk networks. This study provides a comprehensive inventory of self-service kiosk customer value and its elements.

  • Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    A Defense of the Phenomenological Account of Health and Illness2019In: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, ISSN 0360-5310, E-ISSN 1744-5019, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 459-478Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A large slice of contemporary phenomenology of medicine has been devoted to developing an account of health and illness that proceeds from the first-person perspective when attempting to understand the ill person in contrast and connection to the third-person perspective on his/her diseased body. A proof that this phenomenological account of health and illness, represented by philosophers, such as Drew Leder, Kay Toombs, Havi Carel, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Kevin Aho, and Fredrik Svenaeus, is becoming increasingly influential in philosophy of medicine and medical ethics is the criticism of it that has been voiced in some recent studies. In this article, two such critical contributions, proceeding from radically different premises and backgrounds, are discussed: Jonathan Sholl's naturalistic critique and Talia Welsh's Nietzschean critique. The aim is to defend the phenomenological account and clear up misunderstandings about what it amounts to and what we should be able to expect from it.

  • Kohtamäki, M.
    et al.
    University of Vaasa, Vaasa, Finland / University of South-Eastern Norway, Norway.
    Parida, V.
    Luleå University of Technology / University of Vaasa, Vaasa, Finland.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Gebauer, H.
    Fraunhofer IMW, Leipzig, Germany / Linköping University / University St. Gallen, Switzerland .
    Baines, T.
    Aston University, Birmingham, UK.
    Digital servitization business models in ecosystems: A theory of the firm2019In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study extends the discussion of digital servitization business models by adopting the perspective of the theory of the firm. We use four theories of the firm (industrial organization, the resource-based view, organizational identity, and the transaction cost approach) to understand digital servitization business models of firms in the context of ecosystems. Digitalization transforms the business models of solution providers and shapes their firm boundary decisions as they develop digital solutions across organizational boundaries within ecosystems such as harbors, mines, and airports. Thus, digitalization not only affects individual firms' business models but also requires the alignment of the business models of other firms within the ecosystem. Hence, business models in digital servitization should be viewed from an ecosystem perspective. Based on a rigorous literature review, we provide suggestions for future research on digital servitization business models within ecosystems.

  • Brockwell, Erik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Elofsson, Katarina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    The role of water quality for local environmental policy implementation2019In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study is to examine the role of surface water quality for the decisions by Swedish municipalities to adopt environmental targets and action plans, as well as allocating these decisions to a responsible authority. To this end, we assess how environmental, socioeconomic, and political factors, as well as the availability of environmental expertise, affect these municipal decisions. Questionnaire data from the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions, in combination with environmental monitoring data and official statistics, are used for the econometric analysis. Results show that: (i) municipalities with bad water quality, greater coastal length, and higher income are more inclined to adopt local policies; (ii) collaboration with interest groups increases the likelihood of adopting local policies; and (iii) municipalities with high Center Party representation tend to set responsibility for environmental policy with the municipal council board.

  • Marklund, Carl
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Double Loyalties?: Small-State Solidarity and the Debates on New International Economic Order in Sweden During the Long 1970s2019In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As North-South conflict appeared to overshadow Cold War tensions in the early 1970s, minor powers as well as non-aligned states across the world faced new challenges. The oil crisis, the rise of environmentalism, and the calls for a New International Economic Order (NIEO) propelled a wide-ranging debate within the Nordic countries regarding their complex position vis-a-vis international development and global environment. In Sweden, these debates reflect the emergence of (inter)national knowledge production about economic inequalities, ecological imbalances, and sustainable development. While these debates can be followed in both media and public debate, they also resulted in a specific body of governmental reports, research projects, and future long-term planning for the 1980s. By analysing a series of such studies from Sweden, this article problematizes the fusing of ecology and economy, the grand strategy of small states, and the local intellectual history of global solidarity during a key moment in the global Cold War. It is argued that the NIEO agenda/ideology played a significant but understudied role in shaping the debate on the balance between development and environment as well as the idea of Sweden's 'double loyalties' as a solidaristic small state and as a competitive advanced economy.

  • Norgren, Amanda
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Hur kan en kvinna vara dekadent?: En studie av möjliga uttryck för kvinnlig dekadens i Stella Kleves Berta Funcke2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines possible subject positions offered to a female in relations to the decadence genre in the novel Berta Funcke (1885) by Stella Kleve, pseudonym for Mathilda Malling. The aim is to study how a female can be decadent. I analyze subject positions and examine how they enable decadent expressions of the female character.

    To understand subject positions in relations to the historical context I use Chris Weedon’s approach to feminist poststructuralism. I define decadence as a relative concept and understand it as a wider experience of decadence and dissolution in society. The methodological framework is based on hermeneutic reading.

    The result shows that the female protagonist is under the influence of many subjectivities simultaneously. Her decadence can be seen as both a source of emancipation and of constraint. From the analysis, I’ve been able to distinguish four characteristic subject positions: The Erotic, The Hermaphrodite, The Actress and The Hothouse Plant. The subject positions are bound to stereotypes of the time but also permits the female protagonist to transcend gender definitions. The result shows that the decadent aesthetics, expressions and vocabulary open up new ways of being for the female character.

  • Flink, Josefin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Kossmann Lindström, Linnea
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    "Alla vinner på en inkluderande arbetsplats": En kvalitativ studie om kvinnan i den mansdominerade byggbranschen ur ett bransch- och medarbetarperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyse and develop a deeper understanding of how the construction industry analyse and describes the gender segregation within the construction industry.

    Method: To answer the study's research questions, two qualitative methods were used. The first method was a qualitative text analysis and was used to find information and analyze what the male dominance means for the construction industry, what more women can mean to the industry and why the companies want to bring more women into the industry. The second method was phenomenography and was used as semi-structured interviews to create an understanding of what motivates women to work in a male dominated industry. 

    Empiricism and Analysis: The basis used for this study’s text analysis is 25 industry related texts from various companies and organisations in the construction industry. In addition to these, five semi structured interviews with female craftsmen in the construction industry have been made and used as supplementary documentation for the text analysis.

    Conclusions: The conclusions that could be made is that the male dominance contributes with a macho culture in the workplaces. This is usually seen as something negative but not always. More women in the construction industry have contributed with a better balance and a better atmospheare at the workplaces. If women in young ages are encouraged to start construction related education or to start working in the construction industry, the norm about the "masculine" industry will begin to disappear. The existing women in the industry are motivated, among other things, by different and challenging tasks, good colleagues and the safety of having a steady income.

  • Westergren, Nathalie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Viberg, Andrea
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    En ny typ av betalningslojalitet i ett digitalt paradigmskifte2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Consumer behaviour when shopping online differs from their behavior when shopping in a physical store. One contributory reason is the increasing level of consumption and range of goods online. When online shopping increases it demands the payment methods to work as expected. This paper aims to evaluate and analyse the payment methods when shopping online. The paper aims to increase the knowledge of how consumers are affected by these method when shopping online. This has lead us in to our issue: In what way will consumers be affected when it comes to payment methods within shopping online. The study is based on a qualitative and quantitative research design. The empirical data is collected through focus group interviews with subsequent surveys from Swedish consumers. The study combines the theories, Technology Acceptance Model, TAM, with Task Technology Fit, TTF. TAM is based on the theory of individuals' actual reception and acceptance of a technical solution. With the help of TTF you can describe and measure how technology helps users to perform. The conclusion indicates that the payment method is crucial for the consumer, if the payment method does not meet the requirements set by the consumer, the purchase will thus be canceled. There is strong competition between different players and it is easy for the consumer to choose the online store that offers the exact payment method that is best adapted to their needs. The conclusion further shows that there is a payment method that is preferred over others, this method is Klarnas. The study also shows that safety and simplicity are issues that the consumer sees as decisive based on how they make their purchases online. Loyalty is also a factor being dealt with, a customer is not always loyal to a website if it proves to be difficult to complete the purchase. Customers prefer to make a purchase on a website that offers a payment method that another operator does not. 

  • Lazauskaite, Julija
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Elmohtaj, Hafsa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Påverkar ägandeformen utformningen av hållbarhetsredovisning?: En komparativ studie mellan privat- och statligt ägda företag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine how eight private and state-owned Swedish companies report their CSR-work, to then compare and analyze how the form of ownership can affect the shape of the annual sustainability reports. 

    Method:  This study uses a qualitative method based on a deductive research approach. The study implements a comparative research design and applies a text analysis to analyze and identify specific differences among the company’s sustainability reports.  

    Empiricism and Analysis: The empirical part presents a brief description of the selected companies and a description of the identifying themes that are repeated in all of the company’s sustainability reports. Then, a deeper analysis is carried out that combines the study's reference frameworks with help of the study’s analysis model that is based on the selected theories. 

    Conclusions: The conclusion that can be drawn is that the form of ownership is not the deciding factor in the shape of the sustainability reports. What has mainly affected the outcome is the companies branch of industry, which has affected both the reporting of the environmental activities and financial incentives in the form of investment. For the remaining aspects, no specific differences have existed from the ownership perspective. The form of ownership has affected the company’s insight of CSR and sustainability work with influence from the stakeholders. The study's results also show that the government for the state-owned companies was the most important player while customers and suppliers were more central to the privately-owned companies. 

  • Asplin, Amanda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Schou, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Influencers trovärdighet vid samarbeten: En kvalitativ studie om följares förtroende gentemot influencers2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Before digitization, it was increasingly difficult to reach new target groups. However, during the early 2000s, this changed when the web 2.0 emerged with the "dot-com" bubble. This paved the way for a new phenomenon, social media that is a way for users to share their views and thoughts. Using social media as a marketing strategy has contributed to an increasing number of companies being able to reach a wider audience. This has led to a new concept which is influencers, where they can influence their followers via their social media, which companies have started to use. By implementing this in their marketing strategies, it allows them to reach new target groups and markets. However, it can be difficult for the followers to decide what is genuine or not when marketing is via influencers.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate how the relationship of the followers to influencers is affected by different collaborations between companies and influencers.

    Method: This study implements a qualitative research strategy where semi-structured interviews and observations have been applied to collect the empirical material. To get a variation in the result, 12 respondents of different ages and genders have been interviewed.

    Conclusion: Based on the results of the study, it has proved important that an influencer shows authenticity, in order for the followers to trust them and that values should be consistent with the image they want to convey. The conclusions also show that previous relationships to an influencer and how often they make a collaboration can play a crucial role in how the followers receive it.

  • Yusof-Ioannidis, Darren Constantine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Nilfouroushan, Shayan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Tillit och beslutsprocesser i en digitaliserad värld: Hur resebyråernas hemsidor påverkar kunders tillit i deras beslutsprocesser2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Customers today use travel agencies that exist on the internet more frequently. However, what makes the customer trust a specific website? The purpose of this study is to examine if a customers’ trust towards a travel agency is affected by the agency’s website and the role trust plays in customers’ decision-making process. To examine this purpose a web survey and interviews were carried out. The web survey totals 110 responses and 15 people were selected through snowball sampling for the interviews. Results demonstrate that customers are affected by the design of the website in a way that it decides whether or not the customer will invest time and use the website. Furthermore, after getting past the first stage customers then decide whether or not a website is trustworthy depending on a set of factors including but not limited to security, information and navigation. The customers’ decision-making process is affected by trust in a later stage when the customer evaluates the possible alternatives. However when it comes to choosing a website, a customer might choose to buy a product from a website he/she has previously used due to already having built a trust towards the website and therefore refrains from using an unknown website. In that sense, trust is present from previous experiences and affects the customer in an earlier stage of the decision-making process.

  • Lindgren, Ida
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Magnusson, Linnea
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Influencer marketing i ett modeföretag: En studie om rollen av influencer marketing i ett modeföretags varumärkeskommunikation utifrån ett företags- och konsumentperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of the social media platform Instagram has increased the fastest and has given the opportunity for the phenomenon of influencer marketing to grow in the fashion industry. The increase of influencer marketing has led marketers to understand that a change of focus is needed. Much of the previous research done in the field has focused on what distinguishes or does not distinguish effective use of influencer marketing for a company. Therefore, it is interesting to study the actual role of influencers in a fashion company’s brand communication and this by studying the fashion companies’ choice of influencers and the way consumers perceive the role of influencers in a fashion company.

    To operationalize the study, a semiotic analysis has been applied where images have been analyzed to answer the purpose of the study from a business perspective. The results from this are the basis for the design of a qualitative method which is then followed up by a quantitative method for answering the purpose from a consumer perspective. The data was collected through the themes formulated with the support of previous research and theories. These were consumption, the consumer’s approach to influencers and belonging to a group and identity. Within the framework of these themes, the study’s findings showed that influencer marketing is beneficial to use for a company in some areas and in others not. The semiotic analysis showed with certain deficits in the match that the companies choose influencers based on the respondents’ preferences and wishes. 

  • Kambourian, Kambourian
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Andersson, Emma
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Förtroende i samband med influencer marketing: En kvalitativ studie om konsumenters förtroende gentemot influencers och företag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this study is to increase the understanding behind consumers trust towards influencers and companies while these two collaborate with each other. Two questions were developed to investigate the purpose. The first question investigates how different factors, developed in purpose of the study, affects the trust towards a company and an influencer. The second question focuses on the difference between the company and the influencer considering the effect of the consumers trust. In order to gather empirical material, eleven semi-structured interviews were conducted with consumers between the age of 18 to 30 and who followed some influencers. The respondents were selected through a non-probability sample. From the collected material, conclusions could be drawn about the various factors and the company versus the influencer. As for the factors, the trust seemed to be affected both in positive and negative manners considering the situation and the specific factor. When it comes to the factor paid collaborations, the trust seems to decrease, but increase when the involvement of money is announced. The influencer falling into a scandal has a negative impact on the trust, depending on the specific situation. When the influencer is advertising something unexpected, the trust is most likely going to decrease. In the case of continuous advertising of a product, consumers suspect surreptitious advertising if they are highly involved and this affects the trust negatively due to dishonesty. It can be stated that how the trust is affected differs between the company and the influencer in conjunction with influencer marketing. This seems partly due to the fact that the expectations towards a company is not as high as for an influencer, which means that the trust is not affected to the same extent. An influencer on the other hand, is perceived to be more relatable which has a positive effect on the trust. 

  • Almqvist, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Holmgren, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Inget förtroende, Inget köp: En studie hur förtroendet för influencers påverkar konsumtionsvanor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within today's society, social media has grown to become a more common thing than most. In Sweden, almost 83 % of the population use social media. With this marketing growth, a role that have become more common is the term ‘influencer’. Whereas an influencer is someone who inspires people in any sort of way by using social media platforms, such as Instagram. The marketing strategy that has evolved through influencers is called ‘influencers marketing’ and is a commonly used marketing strategy in today’s reality. However, the question that companies must ask themselves is - How will this affect consumers?

    By studying how ‘influencer marketing’ affect consumers whom all follow influencers on Instagram - this study presents which factors have a more deciding role when it comes to being affected by influencer marketing. Whereof we have had several semi-qualitative interviews regarding questions such as; how trustworthy a person finds influencers and if influencer marketing affects a person's consumer behaviour.

    The results of this study show that consumers feel a certain trust to influencers whereof this study presents 4 factors that affects an individual's ‘trust’. The result showed for example that a person value, genuity and personal connection to an influencer. The trust that an individual has towards influencers showed to have a direct connection to consumer behaviour.

  • Alasalmi, Emmy
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Mattsson, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hockeyspelare - kombinerar nytta med nöje: - En kvalitativ studie om proferssionella ishockeyspelares engagemang i CSR-arbete2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) within the industry of sports and more precisely in regards to professional ice hockey players. The purpose of this study is to achieve a deeper understanding of how professional ice hockey players organize themselves through philanthropic CSR and why these engage in this CSR-work and in turn how it affects their brand. To attain this purpose the study need to answer the following three questions: how do ice hockey players organize themselves using philanthropic CSR, what motivates them to do philanthropic CSR-work and lastly how is their brand affected by doing philanthropic CSR.To achieve this deeper knowledge eleven interviews were carried out to collect the empirical data for the study. The interviews were conducted with a deductive viewpoint which gradually turned into a inductive one. With this in mind the study has been carried out with previous studies being taken in consideration and after the conclusion of the interviews into the position of the individual hockey players. After analysing the results a strong connection between the empirical data and the theoretical framework could be confirmed and it became clear that the players did not use CSR for their own gain or benefits. The motives behind the players engagement with CSR-activities could be connected to their unique prerequisites, but also through the encourage they received from their surroundings. The motivation for CSR seemed to come from the will to transcend into the life after sports.

  • Samin, Sava
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Ahmed, Ferha
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Understanding the royalties of social media: En kvalitativ studie om hur konsumenter upplever varumärkeskommunikationen på sociala medier2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media is dependent on society, and society is dependent on social media. The internetbased platforms have today taken the world by storm. Words like "comment", "like" and "post" are central concepts on social media that have come to be new communication tools. In the development of social media, the social network has been strengthened in such a way that people turn to these platforms in order to create relationships with others. The increased popularity has resulted in several binding to the social network, which the companies have also noticed. As the consumer is constantly in focus for the companies, it becomes important to find the needs of consumers. Research shows that relationships and close contact are highly valued by the consumer, which the companies also try to live up to. Brand communication on social media has also come to be developed, as the companies use influencers as an intermediary, which has led to the new concept of influencer marketing being expanded. However, there are disagreements about how consumers perceive the companies' direct brand communication and influencing marketing. Hence, the study finds relevance in examining how consumers perceive the different brand communications on social media.

    Based on the theories, three variables are regarded as a basic explanation for how consumer experience may be unfolded. The three variables explain the study as attitudes, credibility and purchase intentions. In order to investigate this, the study has used a qualitative approach with focus group interviews as a relevant tool. The study is limited to the social platform Instagram, with respondents consisting of women. A further demarcation of the study was to examine only the fashion related brands.

    The study concluded that influencers are perceived as more real, also defined as sources of inspiration. While companies, with their direct brand communication, may be perceived as more commercial and less real. Also defined as artificial. However, it is important that the consumer can identify with the influencer and value his/her opinions highly, in order for the brand communication to be perceived as real and credible. In addition, the result showed that consumers may experience influencers as sources of inspiration, while companies' direct brand communication can instead be perceived as a source of information. Furthermore, the study also concluded that the three variables attitudes, credibility and purchase intention were related to each other. Consumers first turn out to create an attitude that builds the credibility, which finally gave a purchase intention.

    A common conclusion in the study was that influencer marketing and the companies' direct brand communication came to be experienced in different ways. But regardless of the outcome, both sources of information were considered vital. The conclusion is that both of these brand communications should complement each other instead of excluding each other.

  • Widholm, Christian
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Entrepreneurship in the Stockholm Archipelago: A Historical Perspective2019In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 57-60Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Agebro, Jennifer
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Karat, Lilian
    #Sponsrat inlägg: En kvantitativ studie om konsumenters påverkan av influencer marketing på Instagram2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has, with the digital world development, grown hugely and is now a well integrated part of our daily life. A strategy that has grown widely and strong in conjunction with this, is the marketing phenomenon influencer marketing. Where the businesses use social media, like Instagram, to market their products and services, and to communicate their brand to the customers. It is all about a relationship between the business, the influencer and the customer. To succeed with this, it takes that the influencer is a trustworthy person, with a loyal following-crowd. The power has, with this development of the digital world, moved from the businesses to the customer and also the influencer. With this said, we can see a purpose in examining the consumer perspective, where the power really lies.

    After examining previous research, we discovered a gap where they had not researched enough regarding the consumer perspective. Previous research has focused on the business perspective. This study therefore aims to examine the consumer's attitudes regarding influencer marketing. With the aim to understand, to what extent they are affected by this marketing method. To help with this we have decided to use research questions regarding how consumers considers that their purchasing behavior is affected by influencer marketing, what the consumers attitude towards influencer marketing is, in the terms of trust and confidence, and what helps to increase their willingness to buy. To get a wide perspective, we choose a quantitative research method where 155 survey were distributed online, on Facebook and LinkedIn. Beyond this, secondary data has been used, with support in previous research regarding the subject influencer marketing.

    Throughout the study, two keywords have recurred, trust and confidence. These has with the study shown to be a vital factor, when it comes to consumers attitudes regarding influencer marketing. Businesses have to create trust towards the customers, through creating genuine relationships, much with the help from the influencers.

  • Brask-Jensen, Leila
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Systematisk dokumentation av barns utveckling och lärande inom pedagogisk omsorg i Sverige och Finland: En vetenskaplig essä om två grannländers sätt att sammanställa barns lärprocesser2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The preschool curriculum obliges us working at preschool to systematically document the development and learning of children. Our premier policy document does not in detail explain how one should do the documentation. The purpose with my essay has been, starting at our neighbour country Finland and its early childhood education and care, to deepen my understanding for the intentions of the curriculum and to find new ways to document children´s learning processes at preschool. In Finland I have examined The child´s individual early childhood education and care plan which is a legislated individual development plan for children at preschool age. I have also looked at the kindergarten teacher´s practical knowledge, which I have reflected against my own experiences in my profession as a preschool teacher. My research questions are about how the child´s individual early childhood education and care plan is used in practice in Finland, the role of administration at the documentation in Sweden and Finland, how the child´s individual early childhood education and care plan effects the documentation process in Finland and vice versa how the lack of an individual plan in Sweden is effecting the documentation, the child´s individual early childhood education and care plan in relation to educational documentation and finally how Sweden and Finland relate to individual or group documentation.

    The research is written in an essay form. My self-experienced story together with field observations and theory have provoked insights and answers. The general terms in the swedish curriculum opens up space for the practical knowledge and the local cognizance in the process of documentation. Educational documentation as a method and the working team´s unity regarding to knowledge and ”child view” has shown to be important parts in documentation work. As a way of documentation, educational documentation concentrates on group documentation, in opposite to what the swedish curriculum is demanding about systematic documentation of the individual child. In Finland the child´s individual early childhood education and care plan has come to focus on the needs of support of the single solid child though these represent only a part of the plan. Finland has some years ago instituted educational documentation in preschool curriculum and my research has shown similar duration in time to change the working ways of the Finnish educators as I have experienced in Sweden. Administration that comes from documenting children´s learning processes has shown to be burdening on both sides of the Baltic sea, but mostly in Finland.

  • Temml, Annabelle
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Kerem, Gürkan
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    EURES: Arbetsförmedlingens europeiska rekryteringshemsida: – En effektivitetsstudie för rekrytering inom turistindustrin2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about EURES functionality and efficiency with a particular focus on tourism. By using a number of research methods, the efficiency of EURES is studied and compared to the Swedish public employment service website. By using the research results, EURES strengths and weaknesses have been carefully analyzed and suggestions for improvements of the network are presented. In the introduction, the company and network EURES and the Swedish public employment service are presented. Their background information and functions in society are further explained in this section.

    The purpose and the key questions are also included here. The key questions are the questions, which the researchers aim to answer to the best of their knowledge by the end of this study. The methods, which the researchers have used in this study, are described and examples of past studies are then introduced in the theory. The researchers have used information from past studies and applied it to EURES and the Swedish public employment services. After collecting and analyzing an array of empirical data the researchers finally yet most importantly, reveal the answers to the key questions in the conclusion of the essay.

    EURES= European Employment Services,Arbetsförmedlingen = The Swedish public employment service

  • Alkhlif, Shaimaa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Amartushin, Narabyar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Är den traditionella arbetstiden för alla?: - En fenomenografisk studie om hur förkortad arbetstid påverkar organisationer inom den privata och offentliga sektorn2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The issue of working time reduction has continued to be discussed in various contexts and has become a current social debate. Because of this, it was of interest to carry out research in the area by analyzing what effects a shortening of working time has on an activity from an economic perspective and also concerning productivity goals and result orientation.

    Aim: The purpose of this study is to analyze how shortening of working hours affects the organizations' finances, productivity goals and results in the private sector.

    Method: This research is focused on a phenomenografic method with its base in qualitative interviews.

    Result: The result section is presented in the following main themes: Arguments for the introduction of shortened working day; Organizational effects and disadvantages of the introduction of shorter working days.

    Conclusion: The difference between the private and public sector is in focus and the motivation for why an abbreviated working day has been introduced differs between them. While the private sector focuses on efficiency and increased profitability, the public sector focuses on well-being and thus productivity. One of the most important findings identified in this study is that the primary argument for introducing six hours working day, which also reflected the new organization after the change work, was to create a better balance between work and leisure.

  • Vichnevskaia, Larissa
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Förundrans pedagogiska potential i förskolans undervisning: En hermeneutisk studie av förundran som pedagogiskt verktyg2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the pedagogical potential of wonder as teaching tool in preschool. The focus of research is on teaching in preschool in the light of the revised preschool curriculum of 2018 and the concept of wonder in classical and contemporary philosophical texts on educational importance of wonder. The purpose of this approach is to create an understanding of wonder, its impact and positive force in the teaching process. How does wonder relate to preschool teaching? How is teaching in preschool interpreted in current preschool discourse? And how can classical philosophical ideas on wonder contribute to contemporary discussions about teaching in preschool?

    The study is based on the hermeneutic method of research inspired by Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics. The study begins with an overview of the main ancient Greek philosophers. Next, I address current research on wonder as a prerequisite for learning during teaching activities. I find that, in spite of the fact that there is a number of science educators, who recognize the value of wonder, explicit notions of wonder as a pedagogical tool a very few. Next, a historical overview of the preschool curriculum and the concepts of teaching and wonder in preschool is undertaken and reveals some controversies with regard to the concept of teaching in its current understanding.

    The conclusion of the study is that there is some promising empirical evidence in favor of “wonder pedagogy”, which, if applied in preschool, may facilitate the achievement of some of the objectives of preschool curriculum.