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  • Elman, Beatrice
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    The Coordination Mechanisms of Self-Managing Organizations: An Explorative Case-Study of Three Pioneers2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After many years of limited activity in the field of coordination research, new organizing forms with the aim to abandon managerial hierarchies have caused a renaissance in the research of new solutions to this universal organizing problem. An emerging stream of research about Self-Managing Organizations (SMOs) which eliminates formal hierarchies and managers completely, have left researchers wondering about SMOs new coordination solution as antecedent organizing forms have their coordination solution strongly dependent on managers. The aim of this thesis was to explore and identify the mechanisms that SMOs utilize to coordinate work output, how these mechanisms are configured and how they correspond to the settings of SMOs. Due to the nascent state of knowledge development within this field, the aim was operationalized with the help of coordination conceptualizations and theory from nearby fields. A multiple case-study was conducted, using deep, semi structured interviews, triangulated with internal documentation, external documentation and archival records. The study identified the mechanisms Planning based on ‘sense and respond’, Competence driven and partially fluent roles, the merged category of Familiarity peer-trust and transparency, Digital infrastructure, Cultural content and finally, Content of repeated procedures. Through a self-composed analytical approach, the study revealed that traditionally mechanistic coordination mechanisms were of less importance to SMOs and had an added organic and group-dependent dimension to their configurations, compared to similar mechanisms in hierarchies. Furthermore, the findings suggested that Digital infrastructure, Cultural content and Content of repeated procedures were configured in a way, particularly useful and important to SMOs. The reason was that the three mechanisms constituted a mechanistic but editable framing, which both aligned and encouraged organic efforts in a certain direction. They also corresponded well to SMOs settings as they could be exercised and edited by anyone, they facilitated coordination cross-teams without managers and they were scalable in theory. 

  • Henell, Ulla
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Möte, reflektion och ansvar: i arbete som sjukgymnast i neurologisk rehabilitering2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This scientific essay depicts two encounters with individuals who have suffered stroke. While reflecting about these encounters I describe dilemmas in my professional everyday work. I try to describe the importance of understanding between me as a physiotherapist working with neurological rehabilitation and the individuals I encounter. The purpose is achieving good rehabilitation. My responsibility is to make sure the individual feels invested in the rehabilitation and thus actively participate. Problems arise when the person as a result of disease do not have autonomy and consequently is unable to take responsibility.

    Philosophers’ and other authors’ thoughts and opinions about practical knowledge, encounters, responsibility and reflection as well as my own thoughts about the encounters I have had are described and analyzed.

    My conclusion is that both theoretical and practical knowledge are needed in my work. The practical knowledge is often tacit knowledge. Reflection is essential for me to be able to do my work as well as possible and to earn experience and practical knowledge. Even though I try to make ethical choices in my occupation I am not always successful. It is when reflecting and feeling disappointed about these failures that I emerge a more experienced professional in my field.

  • Kyryllova, Iuliia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Listening to Digital Media: Analysis of Music Consumption Pattern on the Example of Russian Social Networking Site VKontakte: A user-focused research based on in-depth interviews2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper represents an overview of the most popular Russian social networking site VKontakte and its role in the formation of modern music consumption pattern in post-Soviet countries. Until spring 2017, it was known as the biggest platform for free music consumption in the region. The main distinctive feature of VKontakte was that it was providing free music content for its members and, as a result, was known for problems with international copyright law.However, in 2017 drastic changes occurred in copyright policies of the network, which affected music content distribution in it. As a result, VKontakte users were experiencing new routines and rapid evolution of their daily consumption habits. This research provides extensive analysis of digital music listening practices, based on the in-depth interviews with the members of the network.

  • Käll, Agnes
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Att motvilligt tjäna en visionär stat: En studie om styrning genom omlokalisering av statlig verksamhet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie undersöks hur förhållanden mellan institutionella logiker återverkar på regeringens förmåga att styra förvaltningen. I centrum står 2017 års regeringsbeslut att flytta sju myndigheter från Stockholm. Syftet med studien var att utifrån teorier om institutionella logiker undersöka förutsättningarna för regeringen att få genomslag för denna styrningsform. Genom en dokumentanalys av beslutsunderlag och intervjuer med berörda tjänstemän studerades hur beslutet motiveras av de som styr och hur det tolkas av de som styrs. En tematisk analys av det empiriska materialet sammanställdes i två narrativ: beslutsfattar- respektive medarbetarperspektivet. I de två narrativen spårades inflytandet av fyra institutionella logiker: demokratisk, byråkratisk, professionell och organisationslogik. Beslutsfattarperspektivet visade sig starkt influerat av en demokratisk och byråkratisk logik, medan medarbetarperspektivet i högre grad influerades av en organisatorisk-professionell logik. Analysen ledde fram till slutsatserna att regeringens förutsättningar att lyckas med sin styrning är små i förhållande till angivna mål, men större i förhållande till kraften att genomdriva organisatorisk förändring. Det förra förstås som ett resultat av att beslutet tolkas under inflytande av motstridiga logiker. Det senare som ett uttryck för den demokratiska logikens dominerande position, vilken i fältet stöttas upp av en stark byråkratisk logik.

  • Odell, Frida
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Religiösa friskolor - en fråga om religionsfrihet eller ökad segregation?: En studie om attityder gentemot religiösa friskolor2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mot bakgrund av den högaktuella mediala och politiska debatten om religiösa friskolor undersöker denna studie hur debatten kring dessa gick vid införandet av friskolereformen. Genom argumentationsanalys av två lärarfackliga medlemstidningar samt proposition och efterföljande motioner undersöks hur debatten om religiösa friskolor gick perioden strax före friskolereformen, hos såväl politiker som lärare och övriga aktörer inom skolans värld. Argumentationsanalys har även utförts på artiklar som publicerats i samma tidskrifter under perioden 2016-2018, för att avläsa en eventuell skillnad i debatten. Resultatet av studien visar att debatten var livlig under perioden 1990-1992 i de två valda tidskrifterna samt även att politikernas åsikter var långt ifrån enade i frågan om friskolereform och statligt finansierade religiösa friskolor. Trots att det i Sveriges media idag råder en aktuell debatt om religiösa friskolors varande eller icke-varandra, visar mitt resultat att detta inte har lika starkt engagemang i de medlemstidningar jag undersökt under den senare undersökningsperioden. För att analysera de argument jag utläst från de lästa texterna används Maria Klasson Sundins avhandling om barnkonventionen och religionsfrihet samt Wesley Hohfelds begreppsschema i förhållande till mänskliga rättigheter.

  • Azhibayeva, Mariam
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Rutqvist, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Kartläggning av omvänd logistiks institutionella krafter på mikronivå: En komparativ fallstudie av två retursystem i Sverige2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Companies have many demands based on environmental aspects. Sweden is largely influenced by EU regulations and one of the areas covered by EU regulations is waste management and waste prevention. One way for companies to work with their waste management and waste prevention is by using Reverse Logistics. Reverse Logistics aims to retrieve the product after its use for recycling, reuse or waste. In addition to the Reverse Logistics activities of a company being largely controlled by regulations, it is also affected by key players in the network. The Reverse Logistics research and literature is limited in several areas. Among other areas, Reverse Logistics has not been studied to a greater extent based on Institutional Theory. This study therefore sees the opportunity to cover this gap by examine the Reverse Logistics field in a micro perspective.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to map and understand how institutional forces have shaped the field of Reverse Logistics and how these forces have taken shape from a micro perspective.

    Method: A comparative case study was conducted by two return systems of pallets: Svenska Retursystem (SRS) in the food industry and Retursystem Byggpall (RB) in the construction industry. The study consists of seven semistructured interviews. It also consists of literature and regulations to present the institutional forces as they have shaped the Reverse Logistics field that later created the return systems.

    Theory: The theoretical frame of reference consists of Institutional Theory and Network Theory.

    Results: The institutional powers that was examined in this study and which have influenced the field of Reverse Logistics are literature and regulations. The literature shows that Reverse Logistics mainly have been used as a way to save costs in companies, but has more and more emphasized its environmental advantage. Reverse Logistics regulations show that organizations are governed by EU directives that are translated into Swedish legislations and later on to industry-specific guidelines. The return systems and their networks are the result of these institutional forces, as shown by the requirements and practices they have. Learning and dependence were two important factors in the network relations with other key players. Finally, it has been found that sustainability is a growing trend in Reverse Logistics.

    Proposals for continued research: Examine more key players in Reverse Logistics and study them based on Stakeholder Theory.

  • Idris Nuru, Muna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Sjöbrink, Linnea
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    En organisatorisk förändring för att uppnå effektivitet eller legitimitet?: En kvalitativ studie på en av Sveriges Storbanker2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and Problems: The study examines an organizational change in one of Sweden's major banks. Organizational changes can be explained through different theories. The authors analyzes the intention and interpretation behind an organizational change from Røvik’s two perspectives, the tool and symbol perspective.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to examine the intention of the management with the organizational change in one of Sweden's major banks. The study also analyzes the employees interpretation of the management's intentions.

    Method: The study has been conducted through a qualitative research method and through a deductive approach. Data has been collected through a case study with nine semistructured interviews at three offices in Stockholm County. This study limits to an organizational change in one of Sweden's major banks from the implementation of the reform in spring 2017 until the execution of the study interviews in spring 2018.

    Result and conclusion: The management's intention of the reform was to achieve customer satisfaction and to cope with competition in the market. The bank argued the change based on a rational tool perspective. The authors explain the reform as a solution to the current problem definitions, based on norms in the institutional environment. There were different opinions among employees and managers about the employee's acceptance of the reform.

  • Peterson, Abby
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Wahlström, Mattias
    University of Gothenburg.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Pride Parades and LGBT Movements: Political Participation in an International Comparative Perspective2018 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
  • Palmström, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Flickan som räddar världen.: En undersökning av flickan och makten i Hungerspelen och Engelsforstrilogin utifrån Foucaults teorier om makt2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through Close reading of the two trilogies The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins and The Engelsfors trilogy by Sara Elf Bergsmark and Mats Strandberg this thesis aim is to examine the popular literary theme with a young girl who saves the world.  This thesis approach this through Michel Foucault’s theories of both discourse theory and analysis of power. By using discourse theory this thesis first examines what it means to be a girl, in both the literary worlds and our own. The result shows that the girls have very different approaches to what it means to be a girl. What they do have in common is that they all relate to an understanding of a concept of the right way to be a girl, as if there was a blueprint version of the true girl.

    In the second part the girls approach to power and how they find ways to show resistance is studied. Foucault argues that power is a part of all human relationships and that power always is possible to change. By exanimating everyday life experiences where power and control is exercised, different ways in which the girls lives that were shaped by this power was revealed. The analysis show that the power influences their lives in even the smallest ways and affect what they say, their dreams and their thoughts. By becoming more aware of how their societies are constructed they find ways to fight back and show resistance.

    Collaborations between people of different background and class is an important element in both trilogies and through the girls commitment they become aware of how they can be a part of and lead their societies to change. In both books, the worlds the girls live in is changed for the better.

  • Bydler, Charlotte
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art.
    Gedin, AndreasSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art.Ringarp, JohannaSödertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Pontus Hultén på Moderna Museet: Vittnesseminarium Södertörns högskola, 26 april 20172018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den 9 maj 1958 invigdes Moderna Museet i marinens gamla Exercishall på Skeppsholmen i Stockholm. Museet var inte en självständig institution utan Nationalmuseums avdelning för modern konst med Bo Wennberg som chef. Året därpå tog Pontus Hultén över.

    Under Hulténs ledning blev Moderna ett av Europas viktigaste museer för modern konst. Men det var också något av stockholmarnas kulturhus, bland annat inspirerat av Stedelijk Museum i Amsterdam, med plats för film, musik, teater, happenings och modevisningar.

    Efter de första årens framgångar möttes Hultén av ett kulturpolitiskt motstånd mot slutet av 1960-talet. Hultén kritiserades för ointresse för den svenska konsten, för bristande politiskt engagemang och för att gå den amerikanska imperialismens ärenden.

    Den 26 april 2017 anordnade Samtidshistoriska institutet tillsammans med forskningsprojektet Levande arkiv: Pontus  Hultén på Moderna Museet (1957-73), fiansierat av Vetenskapsrådet och placerat vid ämnet Konstvetenskap, Södertörns högskola, ett vittnesseminarium om Pontus Hulténs tid på Moderna Museet.

  • Annetorp, Emil
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Against modern football or a part of it?: A study of how Swedish football clubs work with their media channels and how it affects the professional role of sport´s journalists2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies have shown that football is getting more commercial and together with increased digital possibilities football clubs can bypass traditional media and attract audience via their own media channels. With strategic communication and agenda setting as a theoretic background I wanted to investigate how Swedish top football clubs used their own media channels, what affected the media strategy of the big clubs in Sweden and how sports journalists perceived the football club’s communicative development. I choose AIK as a case and I observed them and sports journalists before, during and after the local derby against Djurgården. Furthermore, I analyzed AIK´s content in their own media channels and media’s coverage of AIK-Djurgården. Finally, I conducted qualitative interviews with representatives from AIK and three sport journalists at three Swedish newspapers.

    My study revealed that the AIK significantly planned and applied strategic content and messaging across their media channels, consistent with the techniques used by more mature and traditional media organizations. When it comes to access to the club and players there are tendencies and signs of less accessibility, but in general Swedish sport journalists see the Swedish Allsvenskan as open and not as commercial and controlled as the major European football leagues. In the end journalists believe that the material which is produced by AIK and the other big Stockholm clubs (Djurgården and Hammarby) can be seen as a compliment, but also a competitor to the material that media produce.

  • Ivarsson, Sandra
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Lindgren, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    ”Betalt samarbete med…”: En studie om attityder och åsikter till Instagrams annonseringspolicy och ekonomiskt kompenserade inlägg publicerade av influencers2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Influencer marketing is an effective method, rather than traditional advertising strategy, due to that the method is perceived more authentic and trustworthy. During autumn 2017 the social media platform Instagram introduced an advertising policy to distinguish personal opinions and advertising – due to this advertising is more visible than ever before on the social media platform. Further, the general advertising resistance is enhancing in Sweden, and the commercial use of influencer has increased. There’s an interesting situation in a constantly evolving marketing environment, which is relevant and valuable to investigate.

    The purpose of the study is to investigate attitudes and opinions regarding Instagram's new advertising policy and economically compensated posts labeled "Paid partnership with...". Based on the purpose, the following research question has been established:

    • What opinions and attitudes exist towards Instagram advertising policy and economically compensated posts published by influencers on Instagram with the label "Paid partnership with...”?

    The essay is based on a qualitative and quantitative research methodology, also known as mixed methods research. The empirical data was based on three semi structured interviews with key persons whom represents companies, influencers and they all are working with Influencer marketing. In addition, an online survey was implemented with 140 respondents whom use Instagram.

    Based on the results of the study, several conclusions have been identified. The match between influencers and companies has proved to be one of the primary prerequisites for economically compensated collaborations to be considered credible. Companies generally has a positive attitude towards Instagram's advertising policy, considering that it helps to label economically compensated posts as advertisements. Additionally, the policy is appreciated by the Instagram users as it helps to increase transparency for economically compensated posts, as it’s very important that such posts be advertised, by both perspectives. Continuingly, the study shows that both parts generally have a positive attitude towards posts published by influencers on Instagram with the label "Paid partnership with...". In conclusion, the design of such posts has proved to be crucial for the Instagram users attitude.

  • Hanna, Maryam
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Bilden av kvinnor i kristendom: En textanalys av fyra läroböcker i religionskunskap i kristendom ur ett genusperspektiv för grundskolans mellanår2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate how men and women are produced in religious knowledge books for grades 4-6 in Christianity from a gender perspective. The four chosen textbooks are Upptäck Religion (2008), PULS Religion (2011), SO-Serien Religion 6 (2014) and Utkik Religion (2015). The theoretical part consists of Yvonne Hirdman and Jeanette Sky which are used to support my investigation. Previous research has shown that the male perspective dominates and that there is no focus on the role of women in religion. This thesis uses the genre staircase as an analytical tool and the texts in the teaching materials have been categorized into different levels based on a modified genre staircase.

    The study shows that two textbooks in religious knowledge show Christianity as human religion. The other two textbooks do the same but the difference is that the authors draw attention to why it looked like this. One of these books highlights the occasion at the beginning of the book, telling about all religions generally and the other book at the end of the book but only about Christianity. These books tells that the reason why women are not visible in history is because they took care of the children, so the man seemed more important in the stories. In addition, the survey shows that there is a clear gap between textbooks and the school's assignment in the form of Lgr11.

  • Bjuvgård, Amanda
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "Huru Sverige danats": En analys av bilder av djur, naturlandskap och mannen/kvinnan i landskapsbilden i Läsebok för folkskolan från åren 1868, 1899 samt 19222018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay was to look at and compare the imagery in three editions of the Läsebok för folkskolans second department from the years 1868, 1899 and 1922 with a special focus on images of animals, nature scenery and the man / woman in the landscape image to see if and in that case how the images communicate a special kind of citizen image / patriot image in collaboration with the texts. It also aims to investigate whether there was any educational reason for using images in the Läsebok för folkskolan.

    In order to answer the essays aim a theoretical point of departure has been Benedict Anderson's theory about imagined community, but also Eric Kaufmann & Oliver Zimmer's theory of nationalization of nature versus naturalization of the nation. The method used is an image analysis attempting to understand what the image expresses by looking at the different meaning levels of the image along with the text to which the images belongs.

    The results show that you can see a shift in the images themes, from tradition 1868 to a romanticization of the same themes 1899 until it in 1922 became more important for the authors and the image setters to give the students a picture of a modern Sweden. Furthermore the results show that you can categorize the images in different kinds of Swedishness. This has been illustrated as a circle with a center, outer edge and periphery which contains different kinds of Swedishness. Together these images gives a picture of an imagined community of what Swedishness means. It has also been possible to see a clear nationalization of nature in the images of animals and nature scenery that occur in the second department. Finally it is hard to say how big the role the image had as an educational tool but it is still possible to say that the pictures must have had a certain influence on how the image of Sweden was produced to the students.

  • Rudén, Mathilda
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    HIV-knowledge and Attitudes in Swedish Nursing Homes: A collective case study of three nursing homes in Stockholm2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Due to the effective antiretrovirals are people living with HIV expected live up to 70 years of age. Approximately half of the people living with HIV in Sweden are above 50 years old and estimated to become enrolled into the Swedish elderly care system. Concern about the Swedish elderly care preparedness for greeting people living with HIV is growing, based on previous experiences of stigma in the general society, many are feeling anxious that they will become victims of stigmatization and discrimination in the Swedish elderly care system.  

    Method: A collective case study was conducted of three nursing homes with different organizational background in Nacka municipality, Stockholm. Interviews with superintendents from each nursing home was performed and 95 health care workers at the nursing homes completed a questionnaire. Collected data was entered to Excel for descriptive analysis and all statistical analysis was performed in R: The R project for statistical computing. Pearson´s Chi-squared test was used to analyze categorial data, e.g., to find potential statistical significance between the variables and Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used to examine if the variables fluctuate together.

    Result: The general knowledge about HIV was not more than average among the participating health care workers and many stated concern towards HIV, which might impact on their attitudes and their practical performance when attending a person living with HIV. One of the nursing homes had experience of attending a person living with HIV and showed less feelings of concern compared to the other participating nursing homes. This support the idea that experience of attending a person living with HIV minimizes feelings of concern and negative attitudes to HIV. Like previous studies, this study highlights the relationship between higher degree of education and less negative attitudes towards HIV. However, none of the mentioned results showed a statistically significance outcome possibly due to the small sample size. To reduce risk of HIV stigma and feelings of concern among health care workers must HIV be discussed and prioritized in the Swedish elderly care system, as well as in municipalities.

  • Rudén, Mathilda
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Dependence of HIV drug resistance on the early warning indicator drug stock out, especially in middle-income countries2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: HIV drug resistance is presumed to be inevitable due to the error-prone nature of the virus. However, poor adherence to the antiretroviral drugs is proven to be an impending factor for HIV drug resistance development. Of these two explanations, which is the most common reason for HIV drug resistance?Method: A total of 40 published studies about HIV drug resistance, were retrospectively collected in Pubmed (May 2017), from 36 different countries for this paper. From each study was participants, percentage of HIV drug resistance and HIV-1 subtype extracted for analysis. All studies were than classified by either high-income, middle-income or low-income, based on a country income status, defined by the World Bank. HIV drug resistance was tested against: continents, HIV-1 subtypes, number of study participants, income levels, GDP per capita and EWI’s. All statistical analysis was performed in R: The R project for statistical computing.Result: This paper show, that HIV drug resistance primarily is caused by poor adherence which is closely associated with drug stock out. Highest HIV drug resistance levels was found in middle-income countries. However, number of participants enrolled per study was important for the outcome and this indicates that HIV drug resistance would be higher in low-income countries if larger studied had been carried out in these settings. This means that there is a large unrecorded prevalence of HIV drug resistance in low-income countries.

  • Syk Zackrisson, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Utan tvivel är man inte klok: Praktisk klokhet vid en sjukgymnasts professionella möen2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By using the scientific essay as a method, I explore what facts affect the roles of me, the professional, and the patient during our first interaction. I also explore in which way the interaction could be affected by its location. My own professional experience as a physiotherapist is portrayed by two examples of patient-therapist interaction where the dialogue is “slow” and a sense of consensus, which is my goal, does not occur. Philosophers, authors and scientists help me to explore and reflect about my practical knowledge and how it can be developed. The essay shows different aspects on what losing health is about and how it influences the inequality in the interaction between the patient and the healthcare provider. Dialogue is a part of the treatment and when establishing a plan of rehabilitation it is important to get the relatives involved. By using different aspects of interpersonal meetings between me and the patient in this essay I want to develop the art of acting wisely in the moment, phronesis, which is the term philosopher Aristoteles created.

  • Holmberg, Elias
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Vickgren, Tony
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Differentiering och identitet i konkurrenskraftiga ö-områden: En studie om öar i Thailand och deras varumärkesidentitet utifrån ett besökarperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the spring semester of 2018 the authors of this bachelor thesis, in tourism sciences, have studied the subject of destination brand identity. In order to study the matter, two highly competitve island destinations in Thailand (Koh Tao & Phi Phi) were identified as subjects for further research. Contributing factors in the context of brand identity were then applied and studied separately on both destinations, in order to identify the factors of importance. 

    The aim of this study is to identify competitive island destinations in the competitive tourism region of Thailand and, from a visitor perspective, determine what factors in destination branding that are important to differentiate and create an identity on the market.

    To conduct the study several methodological approaches were carefully chosen to collect empirical data. The collected data were then analyzed based on a theoretical framework. The primary method used in this study has it’s origins in a quantitative approach, where most of the data got collected from two surveys. Purpose of this study suggests it derives from a visitor perspective, thus respondents of the surveys have all visited the chosen subject(s) and/or at least one other island destination in Thailand.

    Results of the study highlights Koh Tao and Phi Phi as competitive island destinations in a busy tourism region and that factors, within the concept of destination brand identity, is necessary to differentiate destinations and their unique characteristics. The results have also contributed to increased understanding of visitors and their views on the destinations seperate brand identities.

  • Ekebrink, Hampus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Högye, Josefine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Ser du det jag ser?: En kvalitativ studie om hur uppmärksammandet av produktplacering skiljer sig mellan män och kvinnor2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to identify possible differences regarding how men and women pay attention to product placement. The overall issue underlying the study is as follows:

    ● How does the attention of product placement differ between men and women?

    In this study, the authors have chosen to use a multimethod research, which combines qualitative and quantitative methods. In order to fulfil the purpose and answer the main question, quantitative data was initially collected in the form of questionnaires. The data from the surveys were compiled and then mapped to provide a basis for the qualitative focus groups held with ten people, five women and five men. The choice of methodology fell naturally since the aim of the study was to identify possible differences regarding how men and women pay attention to product placements. The result shows that there are similarities as well as differences between the sexes within product placements dimensions, attitude, memory and brand recognition.

  • Holovko, Iryna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Volunteering for the nation: Volunteering as a tool of nation branding during the Eurovision Song Contest 2017 in Ukraine2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There have been a lot of studies dedicated to investigating nation branding as a set of political discourses and practices deploying analysis of objects of symbolic nature: logotypes, brand books, slogans and commercials. The present thesis aims to study nation branding as a form of communicative labour through investigating volunteering as a form of media work that is used as a tool of the nation branding campaign in Ukraine during the Eurovision Song Contest in 2017. By using the theoretical concepts of nation branding, values and motivations of free labour in media industries, the thesis analyses the role of volunteers in the nation branding campaign during ESC 2017, volunteering as a specific form of media work and the motivation tools employed by the organisers and volunteers themselves to make sense of their involvement in the event. The analysis suggests that the roles assigned to volunteers as bearers of the nation brand are of great importance but the volunteers’ understanding of this process is rather confused and blurred. Another point highlighted in the thesis is how is volunteering was organised in terms of training and motivation on the side of organisers and what kind of motivations were of the crucial significance to volunteers themselves.

  • Izgi, Hilda
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Elevers upplevelser av bedömning och hur det påverkar tilliten till lärare2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis takes an interest in pupils’ knowledge on grading and their trust in the grading process. The thesis relies on both quantitative and qualitative data: survey with 46 students was carried out and group interviews were held with 11 students. The results from quantitative survey are visualized in the form of tables and the results from both survey and group interviews are later presented as categorized thematic chapters. The analysis has been conducted using communication theory, power theory and trust theory. The results show that students feel that they have little knowledge on grading and one of the reasons named seems to be a communication gap between teachers and students. Furthermore, students also have low trust in teachers fair grading.

  • Nilsson, Martin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Sjöblom, John-Philip
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Outsourcing av digitala marknadsföringsaktiviteter: En lämplig strategi för ett globalt tjänsteföretag?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Globalization has created more choices for companies in recent decades. It is not uncommon for companies to increasingly choose to help external companies become more competitive and efficient. Outsourcing is a strategy where a company can outsource parts of its business to focus on the core competencies the company has. Lower costs and access to a more specialized workforce are examples of drivers for why companies choose this strategy. For example, the strategy can involve communicative, cultural and strategic challenges that can lead to financial and resource loss for companies. The study has been limited to investigating the outsourcing process of digital marketing activities and not other activities that a company may outsource.

    In this study, challenges and opportunities as well as how a company can ensure the quality of outsourcing of digital marketing activities has been investigated. To study these questions, the study has used a qualitative case study. Interviews have been conducted with a company that has chosen to outsource parts of its digital marketing activities, as well as to the company that produces and supplies outsourced digital marketing activities. The result shows similar opportunities and challenges identified in the theoretical frame of reference. The study identified cultural and communication challenges as the prime ones, but that they are affordable and can be solved through a well-functioning cooperation between the companies.

    The study recommends that companies put out their digital marketing activities if the possibilities overlook the challenges. The study also highlights the importance of carefully examining different strategies. If the election is to be issued, the company should carefully evaluate the outsourcing agent before initiating collaborations to avoid pitfalls and unexpected costs. Furthermore, it is considered important for companies to maintain open and transparent dialogue between each other in order for the cooperation to be as effective and successful as possible. It is also important to design the contract so that the parties know what is expected of each other.

  • Hedbäck, Martina
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    ”Religionen gör nog bara att vi skiljer oss åt mera på ett bra sätt alltså”: En kvalitativ forskningsstudie om hur barn på lågstadiet talar om religionsbegreppet och religionsundervisningen i skolan2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The mission with this essay is to find out how children talk about religion and what they associate the concept to. The purpose is also to investigate how children resonate about  religion as a subject in school. Do they think the education is important or would they rather be without it? And what do they actually know about differences within religion and cultures? It is important in today´s society that children have knowledge about different religions as it can contribute to mutual understanding between each others different religions and cultures. Such mutual understanding can counteract religious conflicts. Eighteen children have been interviewed and the method that I used for the interviews is called focus-groups. It's a kind of group interview where focus is based on the children’s interaction with each other and to find out how they in group talk about religion and religion as a subject in school. The results show that most of the children have a positive view of religion. They think it's an important subject in school. Some think it's so important that they could not live without it.  It was a few children who didn't have as big enthusiasms about the subject as others. The results also show that the religion that was primarily conveyed in school was Christianity. And the survey also shows that teachers use varied methodology in religious education, such as through ICT and aesthetic learning processes

  • Kindvall, Linnea
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Snijder, Laila
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Metoo - en samhällsförändrande kraft eller ett nyhetens behag?: En kvalitativ studie av hur Metoo har påverkat teaterbranschen i Sverige2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is an attempt to make an understanding of how Metoo has effected the Swedish theater business. With background in what happened in Sweden and mostly in the theater business in the late fall of 2017, the aim of the study is to know how Metoo have affected people working in this business. The theories start with Michel Foucaults discussion about power and sexuality and continues with a relational perspective on power and leadership. The theories moves on to a discussion about sexuality and sexual harassments in organizations and the cultural industry. The method to collect data was semi-structured interviews and questionnaires with actors and other people working in the theater business.

    The respondents stories and answers confirmed that sexual harassments is common when working in theaters but most respondents were surprised about the extent. It turned out to be many specific reasons why sexual harassment is a problem in the theatre world, for instance art has the highest value therefore work environment problems is put aside. There is also a culture of silence which prevents sexual harassment from being reported. But many respondents believe that Metoo has given the theatre business a way to speak about problems with sexual harassments. The theatre business are already operating through laws and regulations which prohibits sexual harassments but it needs to work differently for them to be maintained. All the respondents believe that Metoo have influenced them and some of them think that the business will change. But a few respondents have a more critical view on the future impact of #Metoo because they believe that structures are hard to change.

  • Kronman, Celie
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Diagnosens kraft: En vetenskaplig essä om normalitet och avvikelse i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this scientific essay is to illuminate perceptions and interpretations about children's deviant behavior and how it affects the educators attitudes towards these children. The starting point for the essay is two different self-perceived situations where I experienced that "deviant" behavior and behaviors that causes trouble, referred to as “trouble-making” behaviors, quickly and carelessly identifies as consequences of the neuropsychiatric disability ADHD. The “diagnosis-label” creates a feeling of uncertainty for me because I know from experience that it provides more support and understanding of children's behaviors. At the same time, the instant association to ADHD leads to disregarding of other factors that generate "trouble-making" behaviors. The "problems" are not always connected to a disability, but a diagnosis of a disability provides, in reality, faster, more structured and well-designed support for the child compared to a child who shows "trouble-making" behaviors without a diagnosis. Therefore, it is interesting to investigate other circumstances that can create "trouble-making" behaviors and question function of the diagnosis as a creator of greater understanding of these behaviors.

    I would like to highlight different perspectives of behaviors that are perceived as deviating and negative, to create opportunities for educators to provide children support without the need of a disability to explain the reason why the child needs support. Greater knowledge of children's "trouble-making" behaviors can lead to more personalized support actions for the child, and to an understanding of how interpretations and prejudices influence children's ability to develop advantageous strategies for managing individual difficulties.

    The survey is based on the questions:

    1. What is “abnormal behavior” in preschool children?
    2. Can there be other causes of "trouble-making" behaviors than consequences of a neuropsychiatric disfunction?
    3. What significance does a formal diagnosis have for preschool children?
  • Tahvilzadeh, Nazem
    et al.
    Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.
    Kings, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Att göra kaos: Om förortspolitiken som urban styrregim och demokratiskt spel2018In: ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys, ISSN 2000-6225, E-ISSN 2000-6217, no 9, p. 103-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Nazem Tahvilzadeh och Lisa Kings artikel diskuteras orsakerna till den uppståndelse, eller ”kaos” för att använda aktivisternas egna ord, som organisationen Megafonen skapade inom ramen för stadsutvecklingsprojektet Järvalyftet i Husby. Med inspiration från teorier om hur samtycke till ojämlikhet grundläggs på fabriksgolvet utvecklas två begrepp för att synliggöra den politiska ordningen i förorten och dess konkreta aktiviteter: urbana styrregimer och demokratiska spel. Studien visar hur Megafonens avhopp och sedermera kritik av Järvalyftet och förortspolitiken bröt mot den etablerade politiska ordningen i relationerna mellan stat och civilsamhälle i den urbana periferin. Aktivisternas handlingar kom därför att betraktas som ”skandalösa” av delar av det politiska etablissemanget. Megafonen vägrade att spela enligt spelets regler och synliggjorde således ojämlikheterna i förortspolitikens demokratiska spel med medborgarna. Underlaget för studien baseras på processpårande och etnografisk metod som empiriskt återskapar den förortspolitiska satsningen Järvalyftet och dess logiker samt Megafonens roll 2006–2013.

  • Dahlstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Kings, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Tahvilzadeh, Nazem
    Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.
    Platskamp: inledande reflektioner2018In: ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys, ISSN 2000-6225, E-ISSN 2000-6217, no 9, p. 7-25Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Kings, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Betydelsen av brobyggare: Det etablerade civilsamhället och förortsrörelsen2018In: ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys, ISSN 2000-6225, E-ISSN 2000-6217, no 9, p. 77-102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Lisa Kings artikel studerar individer som fungerat som så kallade brobyggare mellan äldre civilsamhällesorganisationer och en ny förortsrörelse i Sverige. Materialet utgörs primärt av intervjuer med professionellt verksamma i tre etablerade civilsamhällesorganisationer. Analysen visar att brobyggarnas roll och position har använts för att stödja förortsrörelsens uppstart, men att brobyggarnas kamp i förlängningen handlat om att förändra och (re)vitalisera den egna organisationen. I ljuset av detta illustrerar behovet av brobyggare den distans och asymmetriska relation som finns mellan civilsamhällets centrum och periferi. Avslutningsvis diskuteras det om betydelsen av brobyggare kan ses som en övergripande trend som bottnar i ett alltmer uppdelat civilsamhälle i Sverige.

  • Aronsson, André
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Jiman, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Integration av underentreprenörer vid outsourcing: En fallstudie på projektet Skanska Slussen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: The construction industry is one of the major industrial sectors that has created the least integration. The industry's project-based character and high fragmentation contributes to a significant challenge for involving stakeholders. The researchers in this study believe there is a shortage in literature of how organizations in the construction industry manages to integrate their subcontractors.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study has been to create a clear understanding of the needs and implications of outsourcing in practice and how these are optimized to utilize the full potential of outsourcing. By studying a major actor's approach to integrate its subcontractors in a projectbased industry, the study aims to provide increased knowledge of how integration can be successful when an organization chooses to outsource parts of its production.

    Method: This study has used semi-structured interviews and one of the researcher’s observations as part of the empirical basis. The interviews took place with three of Skanska's employees: purchasing manager, logistics manager and block manager for SN81. Following interviews were conducted with two subcontractors and one sub-subcontractor: VSM, Bellmans and Olderin.

    Conclusion: Integration takes place through contracts, strategic partnerships and information sharing. Through contracting and agreements with specific requirements, Skanska tries to maintain the standards and approaches that they consider to be significant. As a result of the strategic partnerships and long-term relationships Skanska has created an interdependence to the subcontractors. Outsourcing of business areas contributes to reduced knowledge, insight and control of operations. As a result of Skanska's creation of self-contained tasks and creation of lateral relations, uncertainty is reduced. With the help of control tools, Skanska reduces the risk of opportunistic behaviour among subcontractors.

  • Bakken, Michael
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Lättläst mellan raderna: En jämförande transitivitetsanalys mellan skönlitterär text och dess lättlästa version utifrån ett läsförståelseperspektiv2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to analyze, investigate and compare the eventual differences within the aspects of the ideational metafunction, of the systemic functional linguistics, between two fictional novels and their respective easy-Swedish versions, looking at chosen variables within the theory. The study also investigates how the eventual differences, effects the potential reader by setting the results of the analysis against contemporary research in reading comprehension. The method of use is transitvity analysis based within the ideational metafunction and its variables: processes, participants, circumstances, grammatical metaphors and register. The material that has been analyzed is Sodomsäpplet (Martin, 2016) and Mina drömmars stad (Fogelström, 2009) and their respective easy-Swedish versions.

    The result of the analysis proved that a lot of the material processes had been replaced by relational processes. This contributed to making the easy-Swedish versions more concrete but also static and impersonal, which effected the voice of the author as well as the register and the perspective of telling. The result is discussed with a reading comprehension perspective telling that the easy-Swedish versions not in every way is particularly easy as they displace the register and the authors voice. They also limit the abilities of interpretation for a potential reader.

  • Petersson, Alice
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Digitala apparater i skolan: En studie om högstadielärares egna resonemang om digitala internetuppkopplade medieapparater i undervisningen2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Digitaliseringen i samhället går framåt, och skolan blir allt mer digitaliserad. Idag äger de flesta elever en mobiltelefon, samt en dator och/eller en Ipad som de blivit tilldelade av skolan.

    Syftet med studien är att ta reda på hur högstadielärare resonerar kring den växande digitaliseringen i skolan. Jag undrar om lärare tror att studieresultaten i skolan har förändrats sedan man började använda digitala apparater i skolan, om digitala apparater påverkar undervisningen i skolan samt vilket digitaliserat hjälpmedel som högstadielärare anser är det mest effektiva för elevernas studier.

    Studien utgår från en kvalitativ metod, där sju stycken oberoende högstadielärare har intervjuats. Den genomförda studien visar påfallande positiva attityder och resonemang hos lärarna till digitaliseringstillväxten i skolan. Fördelar som struktur och kontroll på undervisningen dominerar, samt digitala apparaters förmåga att vara snabba, smidiga och breda. En utmärkande nackdel med de digitala apparaterna visar sig vara distraktion från elevernas sociala liv och underhållning. 

  • Wallbom, Erika
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "Man ska låta barnen leka!": En studie av vårdnadshavares konstruktioner av förskolebarnet2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A number of studies have been published concerning preschool teachers’ child perspectives. Over the past 50 years the construction of the preschool child in Swedish preschool policy documents have deve­loped from mainly depicting a dependent, immature, becoming child to a more rational, competent, being child. But what about the guardians’ child perspectives? Have they changed in a similar way?

    The aim of this study is to add to the understanding of the preschool-home cooperation, through exami­ning guardians’ constructions of the preschool child and how the constructions may influence their needs and expectations of what preschools have to offer.

    The method used to obtain data for analysis was qualitative interviews. Five guardians were interviewed and the audiotapes transcribed verbatim. Both audio and text were studied multiple times to discern pat-terns, expressions that could be interpreted as representing specific constructions of the preschool child. The theoretical framework for the study is social constructionism. In short, social constructionism is part of the post modern movement that unites in its’ critique of universal truths. Instead, knowledge is looked upon as constructed in a specific context, such as time and culture. In this study this means a belief in that there is no one, universal child but a number of views of what children are. The data was analyzed through different accepted constructions of children.

    The results showed four different constructions of the preschool child that could be interpreted from the interviews; the unchangeable, the curious knowledger, the social and the playing. In terms of needs and expectations, the guardians are likely to have very different views of what preschools should offer de­pending on which construction they express. Many of the quotes depict the child as a primarily social being, which is coherent with previous research on guardians’ views of preschool.

    The results of the study implicates that guardians come to the preschool context with a wide range of different constructions of what a preschool child is and what it needs. There is, at least in theory, often a gap between the perceived child that preschool is made for by policy documents and teachers and the percieved child by the guardians. To ensure that the cooperation between preschool and families works as good as possible, professionals in preschool need to be humble to this fact and understand that the different expectations and demands we experience from guardians are rooted in more than plain opinions and whimsicality. Namely, a firm belief in what is best for the children.

  • Helander, Agnes
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Selin, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Redovisningens värderelevans innan och efter införandet av IFRS 13: En kvantitativ undersökning inom skogsindustrin2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fair value has been discussed since its introduction in accounting in 2005. The accounting standard IAS 41 forced the companies in agriculture, such as forest industry companies, to value their biological assets at fair value. Earlier studies have shown that this increased the value relevance. In order for the information to be value relevant the accounting amount should have an association with the stock price. IFRS 13 was introduced to complement IAS 41 and provide a more unitary consensus on what fair value is. It also provides a guide on how the value is determined and additional disclosures requirements. Should this supplementary standard IFRS 13 increase the value relevance of the accounting for the forest industry? This was investigated through a study of listed companies in the forest industry located in Sweden and Finland. The relationship was studied through correlation and regression analyzes, where the variables share price, equity per share and earnings per share were examined. The explanatory power showed that equity per share and earnings per share were not able to explain share price at a higher level after the introduction; IFRS 13 did not increase value relevance for all the variables together. On the other hand, it was found that the variable earnings per share individually gave an increase in value relevance, which imply that investors care more about the income statement than the balance sheet.

  • Johansson, Louise
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Hellström, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Is the menstrual cup filled with capabilities?: A qualitative case study of a menstrual hygiene program in the North West province of South Africa with focus on female students.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    School attendance is an important part of socio-economic development. In South Africa school girls miss 25% of their education due to menstrual related issues. The menstrual cup is increasingly considered as a sustainable menstrual hygiene product for girls, and is included in programs for improving menstrual health. This study deals with menstruation in school environments focusing on a menstrual cup program in the North West province of South Africa. Twenty school girls have been interviewed about their thoughts and feelings of menstruation. Also investigated is how the menstrual cup relates to girls’ capabilities to attend school and what obstacles there are for girls’ school attendance. An intersectional phenomenological approach is used together with theories of stigmatization, capabilities and sexualization. The menstrual cup is shown as a way of avoiding the stigma as female students are teased about their menstruation when leaking due to insufficient menstrual hygiene products. Even though menstruation is considered normal, it should kept a secret, especially from boys. Girls’ capabilities improved as they were using the menstrual cup because they did not have to face the embarrassment of leakage. Economic capabilities are enhanced as the menstrual cup is distributed free of charge. Stigmatization and sexualization of menstruation and the female body is presented to affect how girls feel about their menstruation. Concludingly, the cup is not reducing the stigma but reducing the encountering of it. Social change regarding sexualization of women and stigmatization of female attributes must be done for the girls to have full human capabilities.

  • Engvall, Therese
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Snees, Johanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Revisionspliktens avskaffande: En studie om hur revisorns roll har förändrats efter avskaffandet av revisionsplikten i små aktiebolag.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to investigate how the audit profession has changed since the abolition of audit obligation and how the auditors have adapted to the change. Through qualitative interviews with auditors, the auditor's role and duties has been analyzed since the abolition of audit obligation and the reduced demand for auditing. This in order to determine whether the abolition of the audit obligation has resulted in a change in the auditor's offer of services and if this has affected independence. Continuingly, the role of the auditor has been analyzed by the importance of the relationship with the customer as well as the expectation gap that exists. The collected material will be explained by an objective approach.

    The empirical evidence shows that there is a difference for the auditor's role as well as duties following the abolition of audit obligation where the service offer has been expanded while there is a reduced demand for auditing, which has been replaced by other services.

     

  • Johansson, Jessica
    ”Den bekväma jungfrutypen är död”: Gestaltningen av hembiträden och hembiträdesfrågan i Idun 1920-19382018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I början av 1900-talet växte borgerliga yrken och allt fler ville ha hembiträden. Fram tills 1930 ökade även antalet hembiträden, sedan tog det stopp. Unga kvinnor från landet sökte sig allt mer till andra yrken med mer frihet. Uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka tidningen Iduns diskussion om hembiträden mellan 1920 och 1938 utifrån frågeställningarna: Hur gestaltades gruppen hembiträden i Idun? Hur förklarade Idun problematiken i ”hembiträdesfrågan” för sina läsare? Och kan man se att diskursen förändrades mellan de olika undersökta perioderna och i så fall på vilket sätt? Jag har använt kritisk diskursanalys med utgångspunkt i Fairclough och applicerat gestaltningsteori. Kortfattat blev mina slutsatser att den bästa sortens hembiträde enligt Idun under 1920 och 1930 var lojal, självuppoffrande, glad och arbetsvillig. År 1938 var de bästa hembiträdena kunniga och systematiska. Hembiträdesfrågan förknippades främst med svårigheter att få tag på bra hembiträden. Problemets orsaker förklarades 1920 med bristande intresse för hemmet från husmödrarna, 1930 med besvärliga hembiträden och dålig kommunikation, och 1938 med husmödrar som inte rättade sig efter den nya samhällsordningen. Hembiträdesutbildning var en populär lösning. 1930 trodde Idun på funktionalismen och 1938 skulle hembiträden och attityder förbättras.

  • Söderberg, Adam
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    "Po-tay-to Po-tah-to": En studie om skillnader och likheter mellan Sveriges Radios program Så funkar det och Naturmorgon samt deras angränsande poddar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Poddar är idag en självklar del av Sveriges Radio. Deras program går att ladda ner och lyssna på i efterhand och i dagsläget finns ett antal poddar som är exklusivt producerade för Sveriges Radio. Denna studie har haft som syfte att undersöka vad som särskiljer programmen Så funkar det och Naturmorgon som sänds i reguljär radio jämfört med deras angränsande poddversioner, Så funkar dets inför- och efterpoddar och podden Livet enligt Naturmorgon. Genom att utgå ifrån teorierna medielogik och dialogism samt använda metoderna segmentering och samtalsanalys har dessa program och poddar analyserats. Studiens forskningsfrågor har fokuserat på att ta reda på vilket innehåll som finns och vad dess tidsfördelning är, hur lyssnare inkluderas i samtalet som förs och vad som kännetecknar programledarnas framtoning.

    Slutsatserna som presenteras i denna uppsats är att poddarna har ett friare upplägg; de följer inte samma strukturer och format som programmen i reguljär radio. Till exempel saknar de ofta återkommande inslag vilket är något som kännetecknar programmen i reguljär radio. I poddarna tar programledarna mer plats, samtalen är mer personliga medan lyssnarna hörs mindre och tilltalas färre gånger. Poddarna innebär ofta en fördjupning i ett specifikt ämne och lyssnaren måste aktivt välja att ta till sig innehållet i poddarna vilket, i jämförelse med programmen i reguljär radio, kräver tydligare interaktion från lyssnarens sida för att denne ska inkluderas.

  • Pihlblad, Tobias
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Musikmaskiner och döda fruar: En vetenskaplig essä om musiskt-filosofiskt tänkande och musikcentrerad undervisning i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With this scientific essay I examine, what I choose to phrase as, music-centered educational practices in contemporary Swedish preschool. Using two personal experiences of these practices as empirical data, I aim to discern what types of philosophical and musicological ideas have helped shape their formation.

    One of the experiences used as empirical data is centered around a traditional educational practice, the song-gathering, and the other around an experimental practice of my own devising, the music-machine.

    Using my own term, music-centric educational practice, I explore different views on why music ought to be seen as a productive and valuable tool in regards to children’s education and development.

    I also compare the two main views, music as means to gain general knowledge and music as means to handle existential questions, only to find that they have more in common than one might think. The crucial factor is whether or not the teacher is aware of, and is able to handle, the philosophical implications.

    The essay is aimed to explore three main questions: What constitutes as the existential dimensions of music and what impact they might have on music-centric teaching, which criteria needs to be met in order to facilitate meaningful music-centric teaching and lastly what separates the idea of an existentially inclined music-centric teaching from the ideas of teaching-practice in a traditional sense.

    The essay, in its entirety, is an example of musico-philosophical thinking.

    I examine these questions with a view on music as a living organism, deriving philosophical ideas from new materialism and try to pin-point moments, where it could be argued that the impact of music is effecting and altering a persons state of mind. These instances I identify, using Roland Barthes terminology, as being in a state of jouissance.

  • Al Hajderi, Dahlia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences. daaahlia@live.com.
    Produktplacering i fillm: ur konsumentens perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To get an insight into consumer attitudes toward product placement and how product placement influences the consumer based on two factors, brand awareness and exposure.

    Method: This study has been conducted through a quantitative method. A survey has been in support of the gathering of empire where a movie clip has been the focus of the survey.

    Conclusion: The conclusion of this study is that product placement is perceived positively and depending on the exposure method or previous brand awareness the consumer has, it may affect consumers, which means that it can either lead to a purchase or not depending on the attitude of the consumer.

  • Boquist, Emelie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Britz, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Förvärvad goodwill och rörelseförvärv: En kvantitativ studie om företagens redovisade goodwill, investerarnas värdering samt dess koppling till lönsamhet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Regelverk för redovisning utvecklas och harmoniseras ständigt, men den komplexa värderingen av goodwill samt rörelseförvärv består. Förvärvad goodwill är ofta en betydande komponent och förväntas generera framtida ekonomiska fördelar. Tidigare studier som utifrån redovisning- eller kapitalmarknadssyn uträtt förvärv och dess lönsamhet har fått tvetydiga svar. Studien ämnar till att belysa värderingsproblematiken vid rörelseförvärv med fokus på goodwill då den förväntas generera framtida ekonomiska fördelar. Syftet är att avgöra huruvida den redovisningsmässiga och marknadsmässiga värderingen av ett rörelseförvärv samverkar samt se hur väl de kan förklara företagskombinationens framtida lönsamhet. Studien utfördes genom en kvantitativ metod där data samlades in från databaserna Zephyr, Retriever Business samt Nasdaq Nordic. För att undersöka marknadens värdering tillämpades eventstudiemetodik. Data analyserades med hjälp av en korrelationsanalys samt multipel regressionsanalys. Korrelationsanalysen visade att det förelåg ett negativt samband mellan förvärvad goodwill samt investerarnas värdering vid förväntad ekonomisk förlust. Studien visade att lönsamhet efter förvärv påverkades av variablerna goodwill samt immateriella övervärden. Investerarnas värdering kan hjälpa till att förklara lönsamhet bättre vid förväntad ekonomisk förlust.

  • Roth, Linda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Said, Pamela
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Auktoriserade revisorers vanligaste brister vid revisionsmisslyckande.: En kvalitativ studie med kvantitativa inslag av disciplinärenden som Revisorsinspektionen granskat2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Revisorer har en viktig funktion i samhället där de med professionell skepticism ska säkerställa att företagets räkenskaper sköts utefter de lagar och regler som fastställts. Därför är det viktigt att se till att revisorer inte förfar oredligt genom tillsyn och kvalitetskontroller av bland annat Revisorsinspektionen. Trots denna tillsyn förekommer brister i revisionsberättelsen och när bristerna är av allvarlig beskaffenhet är den disciplinära verksamheten av Revisorsinspektionen betydelsefull genom verkställandet av påföljder. Under året 2017 avgjorde Revisorsinspektionen 44 ärenden där revisorn fick en påföljd, antingen varning, erinran eller upphävande av godkännande eller auktorisation.

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilka de mest frekventa bristerna som förekommer i de svenska disciplinärendena är, för att förstå vilka brister som kan leda till revisionsmisslyckanden.

    Metoden har i grunden en kvalitativ forskningsdesign där Revisorsinspektionens disciplinärenden avgjorda år 2017 har studerats. Urvalet ledde till 44 ärenden, varav 4 ärenden var bortfall. Framtagningen av kategorierna samt underkategorier av specifika brister gjordes, utöver disciplinärenden, med hjälp av tidigare forskning och stöd av Weberprotokollet.

    Sex kategorier med underliggande brister identifierades i den framtagna empirin. De kategorierna som förekom mest frekvent visade sig vara granskning och underlåtit något, där framförallt underkategorierna ospecificerade intäkter och underlåtenhet att rapportera i revisionsberättelsen innehöll de mest frekventa bristerna.

  • Grundell, Filippa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Näslund, Emma
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Konsumentens påverkan av Personal Brand: En kvalitativ studie som undersöker hur Personal Brands influerar konsumentbeteende2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As a result of the expansion of digitalization, the Personal Branding phenomena has emerged as changing the dynamics of the consumer's relationship with brands. The intent of this paper is to form an understanding of how consumers behavior are influenced by Personal Branding. The study is built on a qualitative research method in which five unstructured focus groups were participating, with a total of 18 individuals all within the selection group Digital naturals. Using previously established brand theory, four dimensions; knowledge, attitude, associations and identification have been selected. The analysis in this study is based on these four dimensions. The study concludes that Personal Brands, to a certain extent, affects consumer behavior. The behavior of the consumer will be influenced differently depending on the extent to which these four dimensions are present or satisfied. 

  • Blomstervall, Hanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Nygren, Denim
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Terrordådet som förändrade Sverige: En jämförande studie av svenska dags- och kvällstidningars bild- och rubriksättning av terrordådet på Drottninggatan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Terrordåd blir allt vanligare i Europa, men Sverige har under lång tid varit skonade från den typen av brottslighet. Det kom att ändras den 7 april 2017 då IS-anhängaren Rakhmat Akilov stal en lastbil med målet att döda så många som möjligt. Den här studien analyserar bildrapporteringen kopplat till terrordådet som kom till att rubba den svenska befolkningens syn på terror.

    Den här studien jämför rapporteringen i fyra av Sveriges största nyhetstidningar. Två dagstidningar och två kvällstidningar, varav alla har sitt huvudkontor i Stockholm där terrordådet genomfördes. Totalt har vi analyserat 170 bilder, med rubrik och bildtext, tillhörande 170 artiklar genom kvantitativa metoder. För att göra detta har vi tagit stöd av gestaltningsteorin, nyhetsvärdering, semiotik, retorisk analys och teorier för att analysera sambandet mellan bild och rubrik.

    Resultatet av studien visar att artiklar med etisk inramning var mest representerat när det kommer till alla fyra tidningar sammanslaget. Mellan dagstidningarna och kvällstidningarna visar det sig att det finns skillnader i hur tidningsredaktionerna har valt att rama in händelsen. Kvällstidningarna har en högre representation av opinionsartiklar jämfört med dagstidningarna i anslutning till attentatet. Studien visar även att kvällstidningarna i större utsträckning gjorde känslomässiga anknytningar för att locka läsare.

  • Gwiazdowska, Aneta
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Barn som utpekas som syndabockar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate what norms and discourses exist at my preschool and how they contribute to create different constructions of children from a discourse perspective. Furthermore, I want to investigate the causes of my and my colleagues' patterns of action as well as the possibilities for action that exist in the emerging situations from two ethical perspectives, duty ethics and virtues. The essay is about the difficulty to cater to the best of the whole group and to take care of each child’s unique needs at the same time. The idea behind this essay was raised when I noted in my department that one child was blamed for all that went wrong. The essay begins with the description of some situations where my colleagues, through both their verbal and physical actions, express how difficult it is to meet children that behave in a way that makes them worried and puzzled. I do not raise my own concerns about the boy’s behavior or how the teachers react to his needs. When I finally dare to speak up during a meeting with the special pedagogue I risk destroying their chances to get an extra teacher for this child. My colleagues focus on his shortcomings and express a desire to correct his behaviour. My focus is on changing and adapting the environment, activities, routines and our approach to meeting the individual child’s specific needs. I reflect on the causes of my and my colleagues' actions as well as our possibilities of action using two ethical perspectives, duty ethics and virtues. These perspectives open up for an in-depth understanding of the dilemma through an insider perspective. Using this perspective, I can express my personal thoughts and speculations. An outsider's perspective comprises of a discourse perspective that helps me to see the discourses and the norms that contribute to the constructions of the children that are being created at my preschool. I even reflect over my own practical knowledge that has helpt me to learn from my own and other peoples experience, so I can develop my abilities and act wisely in different situations.

  • Spolén, Ida
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Rosenberg, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Digital nudging: En studie om hur nudging påverkar konsumentbeteende vid köp av dagligvaror online2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nudging is a relatively new phenomenon that has become increasingly popular at both corporate and social levels. A nudge can affect people to make better decisions that benefit both themselves and society as a whole. Previous research has focused on how nudging should be used in physical environments, however, how nudging should be designed digitally is comparatively unexplored. As society is becoming more reliant on digital formats, more online decisions are taking place and some of the most common decisions online are the ones when consumers are choosing groceries. Efficiently designing digital nudging to groceries could potentially lead to improved public health and environment. The study therefore aims at creating an understanding of how consumers are affected by digital nudging when purchasing groceries online. The study also aims at investigating whether the traditional theories of nudging can be applied within a digital context. In this study, a qualitative method was used with a deductive approach. Data collection has taken place through observations where twelve respondents conducted a simulated purchase in a prototype where digital nudging was used. In addition, data collection has been carried out with interviews, which enabled an analysis of the extent to which digital nudging affected respondents at the time of purchase.

    One of the study’s conclusions is that consumer purchasing behaviour was affected in 12 out of 48 cases, in contact with digital nudging when buying groceries online. In these cases, digital nudging resulted in consumers were making healthier and more environmentally friendly choices. Another conclusion is that the traditional nudging theories can be applied to digital environments. However, it is harder to apply digital nudging on groceries, rather than other parts of the grocery shopping process, as habits and price perceptions are established factors when purchasing groceries. The study is of interest to system designers who develop and build IT systems, for the public who get an increased understanding of the impact of digital nudging, but also for government agencies such as the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and the Public Health Agency, for an improved environment and public health.

  • Eklöf, Åsa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Den upplysta projektorn: Analog film i förändring2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As we speak, analogue film is being phased out of the international film industry. The medium that once reigned in capturing and projecting our world's light and the flow of time, has now been rendered obsolete and replaced by digital media technology. However, analogue film remains, and has come to be increasingly used and investigated in contemporary art. In my essay, I examine how our aesthetic perception of analogue film is changing with this shift to digital film technology. How do we experience analogue film – now that it is both on the verge of disappearing from society and is put in contrast to its digital successor? My investigation is based on the thesis that analogue film is now in a state of change. By analyzing three contemporary artists I attempt to discern how this change is aesthetically articulated, and trace alternative forms of continued existence for analogue film. The British artist Tacita Dean, the Italian artist Rosa Barba and the Swedish artist Alexander Gutke all work with film in their own way, and also in the context of the changed status of analogue film today. Furthermore, I examine the possibility that these artists form an active part of a continuous reshaping of analogue film, which is taking place in the fracture created in this shift to digital media technologies.

  • Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism. Naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik.
    Commentary: Openness and Transparency in the Data Journalism Practice2018In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 76-77Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    [Book review:] Mirko Tobias Schäfer and Karin van Es (Eds.), The Datafied Society: Reviewed by Ester Appelgren2018In: International Journal of Communication, ISSN 1932-8036, E-ISSN 1932-8036, Vol. 12, p. 433-435Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Will the current practice of data and digital analysis harm humanities scholarship? Or will increasing access to data and easy-to-use tools for digital analysis instead strengthen the ability to critically interpret culture and contemporary life? These two perspectives permeate The Datafied Society: Studying Culture through Data, edited by Mirko Tobias Schäfer and Karin van Es.

  • Yakoub, Majckel
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Religiösa friskolor i Sverige: En kvalitativ argumentationsanalytisk undersökning av argumenten som presenterats av partipolitiska aktörer i debatten om religiösa friskolor efter Socialdemokraternas uttalande om att förbjuda religiösa friskolor2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande uppsats har i syfte att lista de argument som presenterats av partipolitiker i debattartiklar där de debatterat för eller emot religiösa friskolor efter Socialdemokraternas uttalande om att förbjuda religiösa friskolor den 13 mars 2018. Undersökningen avgränsas till debattartiklar skrivna av partipolitiker under perioden 13 mars 2018 fram till den 24 april 2018 och med hjälp av sannolikhetsurval avgränsas analysen till totalt fyra debattartiklar, två för- respektive emot religiösa friskolor. Tesen och argumenten i varje artikel identifieras och argumenten kategoriseras sedan med hjälp av argumentationsanalys och verktyget pro et contra som pro(för)-argument med uppgift att stärka den identifierade tesen, eller contra(mot)-argument med uppgift att undergräva tesen. Argumenten analyseras sedan för att avgöra hur hög beviskraft de har baserat på graden av tilltro till argumenten (hållbarhet) och hur väl argumenten relaterar till bestämda ståndpunkter/teser i debatten (relevans). Detta för att på ett objektivt sätt analysera en del av debatten som pågått efter Socialdemokraternas uttalande för att avgöra vilka argument som har högst beviskraft samt om dessa argument används för att debattera för- eller emot religiösa friskolor.

    Med intertextualitet som teoretisk utgångspunkt har argumenten i artiklarna ställts mot varandra och resultatet av analysen visar att samtliga argument i alla fyra debattartiklar brister i sin beviskraft då de för olika anledningar inte är hållbara eller relevanta. Analysen visar på att det finns flera argument både för och emot religiösa friskolor som går ihop, för att sen gå isär. Analysen visar också att debatten om religiösa friskolors plats i det svenska samhället har olika åsikter och är en debatt som är värd att debatteras, dock görs bedömningen att det i den fortsatta debatten behövs argument med högre beviskraft för att argumenten ska vara hållbara och relevanta och kunna påverka debatten.

  • Ramkloo, Jesper
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Sätermo, Cecilia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Skivbolagens död och återuppståndelse: En studie om svenska skivbolags verksamhet och självupplevda relevans efter digitaliseringen av skivindustrin2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The record industry has been around for just over 100 years and it’s an industry that mostly has been growing and growing ever since its inception. New technology has always pushed the industry forwards and helped it grow bigger and bigger with almost each year. But when the internet came in the early 2000’s it changed everything. It caused a stir in the industry when the music consumers now had the possibility to rip CD's, download music files illegally and share them with the world for free. In desperate actions to try to save the record labels from going bankrupt they did all in their power to fight the change. What eventually happened was that other actors came in and saved the business with services that embraced the change from a physical way of consuming music, to a new digital one.

     

    This is a study of how that change has been perceived and affected the record labels and their ways of working. By using Paul Hirschs modell charting the organization of the pop music industry and the four processes that Tschmuck describes as the core activities of a record label, we’ve interviewed six record labels in the Stockholm area in an attempt to describe the new core activities and organization of the industry now that the digitization has changed the way the customers consume music.

     

    Our findings show that the value added chain that Hirsch modelled has changed drastically, with several actors losing importance in it, while others actors has traded places. The core activities that Tschmuck described remains the same, but the ways they are executed has become more effective thanks to the new technology.