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  • Ahlstrand Einar, Vanja
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Åkerblom, Kajsa
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    “Vem som helst, kan skriva vad som helst”: En kvalitativ studie om recensioners påverkan på konsumenten och informationssökningsprocessen inom hotellbokningar online2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The authors have found a common interest to investigate how the use and impact of reviews online can be applied within the subject of tourism. The purpose of the study is to investigate how consumers use reviews in their information search process. The purpose is also to investigate how and if consumers are influenced by online reviews regarding hotel stays.

    Method: The study is based on a qualitative method in the form of ten semi structured interviews as primary collection. The study has a support from secondary data consisting of a literature review in the chapter of previous research.

    Theory: The theoretical background is based on three theories. The theories are The PrePurchase-Information process, The Major Influences On Individual Travel Behaviour and the theory From Word-Of-Mouth to Electronic Word-Of-Mouth.

    Empiricism: The empiricism consists of a presentation of ten semi structured interviews with anonymous respondents regarding their own experiences and beliefs about the topic of the study. The chapter also includes an overview of the previous research about the topic to support and enhance the primary empirical interview material.

    Findings: The digital society has led to an increased online presence, critical thinking and interest on how consumers travel and what hotels they choose. Impact is constantly present in their contact with reviews and surroundings. The individuals own interpretation and perception of reality is based primarily on how they use and are influenced by reviews. In combination with critical thinking there is an insight that anyone, can write anything.

  • Osmanov, Ozman
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Yildiz, Casimir
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Faktorer som påverkar företags frivilliga informationsdelning: En studie av årsredovisningar hos svenska företag noterade på Nordic Large Cap2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The demand for corporate information sharing and increased transparency in financial reporting is something that has grown lately. Due to the growing demand, the voluntary disclosure field has become very interesting to study. By finding explanations for what causes variations in corporate voluntary disclosure, there is an increased understanding of information gap and transparency.This study investigates how the company’s size, profitability, debt to equity ratio and Swedish ownership structure affect companies’ voluntary disclosure through the annual report. Swedish ownership structure is of interest as it is dominated by control ownership and the use of differentiated voting rights, which has not been examined earlier. All Swedish companies listed on the Nordic Large Cap in 2016 are included in the study. The study is quantitative, and the method used for evaluating voluntary disclosure is valuation index. Regression analyzes examine the relationships between the factors and voluntary disclosure. Theories that support the outcome of the study are principal-agency theory and insider-outsider systems.The study’s results highlight a strong positive correlation between the company’s size and voluntary disclosure. The larger the company, the more voluntary disclosure. A negative correlation between control ownership and voluntary disclosure is discovered. Companies with control ownership disclose less voluntary information through the annual report. At the same time companies with dispersed ownership voluntary disclose more.The results of the study are of interest to researchers and stakeholders. For stakeholders, it is important to know that the size and ownership structure affect the company’s voluntary disclosure. The ownership structure, which is measured through different ownership models, is a contribution from a new aspect to the field of research for voluntary disclosure.

  • Janjon, Yasmin
    Södertörn University.
    Implementeringen av ICT-direktivet i den svenska rätten: En europarättslig studie om företagsintern förflyttning med hänsyn till principen om god förvaltning och den processuella samt institutionella autonomin2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis examines Directive 2014/66/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on the conditions of entry and residence of third-country nationals in the framework of an intra-corporate transfer, the so-called ICT-directive and its corresponding rules in the Swedish legal framework with a main point on the principles of good administration. This issue is deliberated in relation to the direct effect of the European Union and the national procedural and institutional autonomy to determine whether the Directive’s procedural safeguards have been implemented satisfactorily. The principle of good administration has a wide comprehension and therefore, in this thesis, the focus is on the right to have his or her affairs handled impartially and fairly, an obligation of the administration to give reasons for its decisions and a right to be heard in the Directive and the corresponding rules of the Swedish utlänningslagen (2005:716) and utlänningsförordningen (2006:97) also with consideration to the Swedish förvaltningslagen (1986:223) and the new förvaltningslagen (2017:900). This master thesis is based on the legal-judicial and comparative law approaches to solve the legal problems that arise after the national implementation of this Directive. Finally, criticism has been directed towards the principle of good administration in the Union law and Swedish law.

  • Sherlock, Steve
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Testing the Adaptive Markets Hypothesis: An examination of the variability of the risk-return trade-off over time and in different market environments2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A new hypothesis, The Adaptive Markets Hypothesis (AMH), is applied to the Swedish stockmarket context by testing the variability of the risk-return trade-off over different investment horizons and market environments. Yearly returns and volatility are measured on OMXS30 index between1986 and 2017 over a variety of different investment horizons. Through the sample observations, a number of distinct market environments become apparent. A regression analysis is then used to test the statistical significance of the risk-return relationship. The results show a weak – and varying – statistical relationship between risk and return, implying that risk is not a reliable explanatory variable for average returns. The length of the investment horizon and the market environment the investment is being made in are shown to be influential factors on changes to the risk-return relationship. These findings from the OMXS30 index support the AMH, showing that the risk-return relationship is dynamic and subject to changes over different investment horizons and in different market environments.

  • Mekidiche, Lina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Movafagh, Sandra
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Intressebaserad annonsering - hot eller möjlighet?: En kvalitativ studie om konsumenters uppfattning om "online behavioural adverting"(OBA) på Facebook2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the fact that the majority of people today are connected to the Internet, it has contributed to more and more people joining social media, where Facebook is the largest social network. This has resulted in companies increasing their investments in Facebook and changing their marketing activities by individually targeting their advertisements based on consumers online behaviour. This phenomenon is called Online Behavioral Advertising (OBA), where researchers have discussed existing problems concerning the area. There is a lack of knowledge about OBA among consumers and they also feel concerned about their privacy. Therefore, it is of interest to investigate if such a lack of knowledge is a potential risk to consumers' perceived concern.

    This study aims to provide with a better understanding of the relevance of knowledge about Online Behavioral Advertising and its effects on perceived concerns regarding OBA. Primarily, the idea is to highlight the role of knowledge in the perceived concerns that OBA creates regarding personal integrity on Facebook. Based on the purpose, the following research questions have been formulated:

    • What and how much knowledge do consumers have on Facebook about how Online Behavioral Advertising works?
    • How are consumer’s privacy concerns about Online Behavioral Advertising affected by their knowledge?

    These questions have been answered by a qualitative research methodology where empirical findings have been collected based on 16 individual interviews. The empirical data was analyzed by comparing previous research and theories.

    The results indicate that consumers' perceived concerns may be due to their knowledge regarding OBA. The respondents who possessed a higher degree of knowledge about OBA were not concerned and respondents who possessed little knowledge about OBA felt more concerned in general.

  • Altinisik, Celina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Gargovic, Kerim
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning: En studie om hur övergången till G4 har påverkat hållbarhetsrapporter i bygg- och fordonsbranschen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problem: Global Reporting Initiative has come up with new guidelines for how companies should report sustainability. GRI is at the front regarding sustainability reports. The new G4 standard has meant that companies should only report what is considered essential to their business. The problem in the study is that it is criticized for GRI, as it is based on the triple bottom line, which is considered a misunderstood concept. Some research even shows problems with the indicators that GRI use. Furthermore, there is research showing that the automotive and construction industry is among the largest environmentalists in the world, while various scandals characterized the automotive industry.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to highlight what construction and vehicle companies consider to be important in their sustainability reports according to GRI's latest guideline G4.

    Method: This study has used a quantitative method. A content analysis has been the basis for the study where the sustainability reports have been in focus. Furthermore, the data collected has been transferred to a coding schedule and a coding manual. This has since been derived from an analysis of the collected data.

    Conclusion: The transition from G3 to G4 has led companies to take into account the essentiality requirement, which means that we see major differences between the different regulatory frameworks. Even though research shows that building and automotive industries pose a threat to the environment, our study shows that these companies still choose to take into account their stakeholders' views primarily. The stakeholders' demands via the materiality analyzes diverge any studies that criticize the construction and automotive industry regarding environmental aspects.

  • Immanuel, Jenling
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Mugisha, Hafsa
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Bergsgorillorna i Rwandas Volcanoes National Park: Turism under extrema förhållanden - en studie om ekoturism & hållbar utveckling2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the impact mountain gorillas has on the sustainable and developmental life of the Volcanoes National Park (VNP) in Rwanda. The study is equally based on the on psychosocial perspectives as it concerns the behavior of the population. It emphases on how ecotourism works and how it affects the mountain gorillas on the nature reserve. The study also investigates the impact of ecotourism with regards to the locals, society and the country using research that has been previously carried out.

     

    The study's findings show that the revenue-sharing system from mountain gorilla tourism activities has changed local communities view on ecotourism both positively and negatively through opportunities and weaknesses in sustainable development. In addition, the study shows the government's ongoing commitment to improving and maintaining the eco-tourism sector by diversifying its activities. It shows that the government of Rwanda has included conferences, ceremonies, and tours in its ecotourism efforts that further provides variation for visitors so that tourism develops throughout the country.

     

  • Josephson, Peter
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    "Those who cannot rememeber the past...": Utkast till en historielöshetens historia2018In: Arche - tidskrift för psykoanalys, humaniora och arkitektur, ISSN 2000-7817, no 64-65, p. 138-145Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Hildeman Togner, Theodor
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Konstens arete: Techne som dygd hos Platon i Den Mindre Hippias och Gorgias2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The most common question that scholars ask regarding the concept of techne in the Plato dialogues is if it is possible to understand arete, morale or the good, as a techne, that is, if arete kan be viewed as a knowledge, an ability or a skill. Is arete something that can be taught? In this essay I will explore this question from a reversed viewpoint, and try the claim that techne always in itself is an excercise of arete, inasmuch as the goal of a techne has to be the good, or ”what is best”, in order for it to be a techne for Plato at all.

  • Eriksson, Fabian
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Individualisering för professionalisering: En idéanalys av den inomfackliga diskussionen kring lärarlegitimation, karriärtjänster och lönesättning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to research how the discussion within the two big teacher unions in Sweden has looked in three different issues. The researched issues are the question of individual and differentiated wages, the question of teacher certification and the question of career opportunities for teachers. Previous research has shown that the teacher profession has been individualized in some aspects, and through an idea analysis I investigate how this is shown in the discussion within the unions. From my material – protocols from four different congresses – I draw the conclusion that the idea of individualisation is strong from the union boards and more mixed from the members. The question of individual and differentiated wages is the issue with the biggest spread of ideas and opinions in the union discussion, while the question of teacher certification is the closest to consensus.

  • Hachichou, Julia Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    How has technical progress contributed to the economic development of countries? - Are these countries converging or diverging away from each other, economically?: Global economic growth: A study on how technical progress contributes to economic growth2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The question of economic growth is one of the most fascinating concepts the development economics department is experiencing.

    It has been proven that some theories of economic growth can explain the course of development at an accumulated degree in this paper I’m going to investigate if the countries technical progress contributes to its economic growth.

    Another interesting thing to look at is how growth emerges in different places at different times. This big change in GDP first started to appear in Britain and then in the United States. In countries like Brazil and Japan the standards of living started to rise in the past century and in China GDP growth started just a few decades ago. 

    GDP have exploded in the most recent two or three centuries. Standard of living has been very low thru most of history.

    This thesis investigates the relationship between economic growth and the level of technology, and how ever the countries are converging or diverging away from each other.

    With the help of secondary collected data and a cross country regression model.

    The results showed similar results according to previous studies, that technical progress contribute to economic growth, some evidence indicating economic convergence were also found.

  • Leijonhielm, Anders
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    De omutbara?: En studie om korruption i svensk kommunal förvaltning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    From an international comparative viewpoint, Sweden is generally regarded as a low-corruption country. Nonetheless, instances of corruption in the public sector can be observed, with high profile cases often involving local elected officials or employees within the Swedish municipalities. This paper explores instances of potential corruption cases in the Swedish municipalities with the purpose of mapping in which ways, and partly why, corruption appears in the municipalities.

    First, a quantitative approach is deployed in order to survey the municipal corruption that has been highlighted by various Swedish media sources over a ten year period. Following this data collection, a qualitative approach is deployed in order to further analyze the generated data, offering an explanation to significant patterns in the generated data. The theoretical framwork for analysis is primarily based on a collective action approach regarding the corruption prevalence in the observed context.

    The paper finds that a significant share of the observed corruption cases could be traced to public procurement processes where decision-makers within the municipality is at risk of undue influence from potential contractors, although every type of corruption is found in the collected data.

  • Abbaszadeh, Sepideh
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    The Sunshine Necklace: A design inquiry study about digital jewellery and wearable technology for empowerment in sexual harassment situations2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses a design exploration focusing on interactive jewellery and wearable computing that could affect sexual harassment in social contexts in everyday life. Drawing on a design inquiry study that lead to the creation of an interactive and digital necklace named Sunshine, which is a personal alarm connected to an emergency center, this paper focuses on how a piece of digital jewellery can contribute to women’s empowerment in relation to sexual harassment. The functionality of Sunshine is based on a device that will be activated when the user presses a button on the necklace and an alert with the location of the user will be sent to an alarm center. The users press the button when in danger or exposed to violence and/or abuse. This study so forth addresses a design exploration of a piece of jewellery that can be seen as a symbol for women’s safety, unity and equality. The combination of digital technology and fashion design demonstrate that people can be brought together and especially be empowering in social contexts where sexual harassment might be a part of women’s everyday life.

  • Stenholm, Eva
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Att mötas och förstå: Varför är det svårt?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this scientific essay I have focus on parental work in preschool and the difficulties that might arise. The empirical part is based on two meetings with parents and both of them are about how to understand each other. These meetings are linked to literature and helps me research the term reflection. What am I reflecting and how do I reflect? I also explore the practical knowledge in my work and try to understand the role of the multicultural environment in this work. I try to se possibilites in cooperation at the preschool. With the essay I want to understand why it can be challenging to build trustworthy relations with the parents, which seems important, in order to make the children at the preschool feel safe. I am also interested in researching how the multicultural environment affects the intercultural standpoint of the preschool and what this could mean for my work. The end discussion shows that I am not satisfied to which extend the preschool teachers discuss the difficulties and possibilities of parenting cooperation.

  • Rodela, Romina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Gerger Swartling, Åsa
    Stockholm Environment Institute .
    Environmental governance in an increasingly complex world: An Interdisciplinary Exchange on Adaptation, Collaborative Learning and Knowledge Integration2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this event was to bring together scholars and practitioners in order to create opportunities for an exchange of ideas, methodologies and experience. Participants  with expertise in different areas i.e., adaptation research, resource management, policy studies, and adult learning, were invited to share latest research outcomes and engage in a collaborative reflection around the challenges of environmental governance in an increasingly complex world. Adaptation, collaborative learning and knowledge integration were the topics on which the event has focused. 

  • Aagah, Awa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Baydono, Sibel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Does openness affect economic growth?: A panel data on developing and developed countries2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the impact of trade openness on economic growth through a panel analysis containing a set of 61 countries over 15 years. The method we use is the fixed effect regression model in Stata, to see whether openness to trade has explanatory power over GDP per capita growth. We use secondary data taken from World bank and Worldwide Governance Indicators. The data used is a panel data containing 61 countries and the period we are studying starts at 2002 and ends in 2016, a 15 years' time interval. Our empirical results suggest that openness during these years have had a small negative impact on growth, but although this, the variable does not seem to have a statistical significance upon per capita growth within this period of time. Therefore, with reference to this study we cannot see any significance of openness upon growth.

  • Akboga, Dilan
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Förstår vi varandra?: En studie om hur fyra lärare i grundskolans mellanår beskriver och arbetar i läsförståelse med lässvaga elever2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to study how four different Swedish teachers in elementary school are teaching pupils reading comprehension to develop the low-performing pupils. To investigate and find out this I intend to try to answer the following questions:

    • What strategies / methods / support structures do the teachers consider to help the lowperforming pupils understand the content of texts?
    • How does the teacher reflect on the support the pupils receive?
    • What types of questions do the teachers use in the text talks to support the pupils in developing their reading skills?

    The research questions are answered by qualitative methods in forms of interviews and observations. The theoretical point of view of the study is Lev Vygotsky's socio-cultural perspective, where Vygotsky describes how children develop when interacting with other people. Because teachers are the ones helping pupils develop, I will investigate how the interviewed teachers are working with those pupils and whether they believe this theory helps and guides the low-performing pupils forward in the learning process.

    The results of the study show that all the interviewed teachers agree on that pupils develop their reading skills when interacting with more competent classmates because it increases their ability to absorb information.

  • Public defence: 2018-09-28 13:00 MB503, Huddinge
    Tudor, Matilda
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Desire Lines: Towards a Queer Digital Media Phenomenology2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation explores ways in which “queer digital media use” co-produces senses of space, time, and queer being in contemporary Russia. Considering the particular implications of (in)visibility for queer living, and the importance of compartmentalizing conflicting spheres, the study provides a grounded account of queer life lived with and through digital media in a context currently characterized by “anti-gay” sentiments. Empirically, it draws on fieldwork and in-depth interviews with queer male informants in Saint Petersburg from 2013–2015 in accordance with a “non-digital-centric” digital ethnography. Taking a distinct phenomenological perspective, the study asks how digital media is implicated within the informants’ queer orientation towards the world. How does digital media affect perceptions of the here and now, the proximate and the distant, and spaces of belonging? In what way is it entwined with the directions they take and how they perceive of the future? And how do the different mobilities of flesh and code relate to one another? Aiming to answer such questions, the study outlines a “queer digital media phenomenology”, combining Sara Ahmed’s queer phenomenology and Shaun Moores’s media phenomenology. While Ahmed provides a deep understanding of queer habituation, Moores adds a consideration of the multiply positioned digital media user, as a fundamental pre-requisite for contemporary social experience. Rather than echoing commonly accepted ideas of speedup and instantaneousness within digital culture, the results show that digital media is often used among the informants to help produce slowness and to postpone further action. By producing spaces understood as “safe” and private, digital media provides sites where the work of generating a queer orientation can be done, and where the larger geography of everyday living may be negotiated. The study thus explores how the informants travel across multiple sites, particularly articulating the dynamics between online and offline spaces, and the discontinuities of queer digital media use. Challenging the idea of constant connectivity and an online/offline collapse, the dissertation follows recent studies in suggesting that digital media use exposes unorthodox ways of imagining relationality, why we need to critically consider inbuilt normative assumptions about the embodied subjects anticipated to live “seamless medialives”.

  • Widholm, Christian
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Kulturarv och imaginära barndomslandskap: Reflektioner kring historiebruk och turismentreprenörers drivkrafter2018In: Turismhistoria i Norden / [ed] Wiebke Kolbe, Uppsala: Kungliga Gustav Adolfs Akademien, 2018, p. 283-294Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Abbas, Najat
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Happier Childrens etableringsprocess: En studie om socialt entreprenörskap vid etablering utomlands2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of the study is to describe how social entrepreneurs' establishment process and then identify the challenges and factors that social entrepreneurs should take into account when establishing abroad and what resources that have been used to tackle the various challenges.

    Research questions:

    • How do social entrepreneurs establish operations abroad?
    • What factors are important to consider for social entrepreneurs when establishing abroad?
    • Witch resources can be used by social entrepreneurs to tackle the challenges that comes along when establishing abroad?

    Method: This is a case study and is investigating the case with social entrepreneurs' establishment process of the non-profit organization Happier Children in Morocco. Introspective method and qualitative research strategy were used to gather the empirical material. The study is based on an inductive approach. The study's choice of respondents consists of Swedish social entrepreneurs who established an orphanage in Morocco.

    Theory: The theories used in this study are Barriers during establishment abroad and Resources used during establishment abroad.

    Conclusions and results: This study showed that social entrepreneurs established a business/ projects in Morocco by first having a preparatory work. The preparatory work included planning, material collection and procurement, information retrieval, administrative applications and the establishment of a new wider network. Thereafter, the social entrepreneurs established their projects in Morocco. The periods for the social entrepreneur’s establishment process of the various projects and programs varied between three months to two years. During the establishment process of Happier Children, all of the social entrepreneurs experienced various challenges. These challenges caused stress, frustration, disappointment, lack of trust and cooperation, limited information availability and constant 7 barriers. It is therefore important that social entrepreneurs when establishing abroad should take into account factors such as differences in language, culture, business ethics, administrative support, the occurrence of corruption, inadequate access to information and the importance of a broad network and social capital

  • Azzazi, Amira
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Modersmål i förskolan: En kvalitativ fallstudie om förskolans arbete med modersmål för att stärka barns identitet2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mother tongue in preschool   

    This study seeks to create an understanding of how preschool educators can participate in promoting and encouraging children's mother tongue in their activities to strengthen the children's identity. It explores the ways in which educators actively promote the children's mother tongue in their work approach and how they perceive the importance of cooperation between preschool and home regarding the children's mother tongue.

    The study investigates using the case study method, specifically conducted through qualitative interviews and observations. Survey sampled was of two preschools where two educators of varying job positions and length of work experience which have been interviewed and observed. The study analyzes from a sociocultural perspective, which takes into account how learning takes place through interactions among individuals and the social and cultural factors surrounding them. 

    Based on the reported results of the interviews and observations, it appears that the educators are positively related to mother tongue in preschool and use mother tongue support in the activities in a deliberate way to promote the child's identity. There were spontaneous situations in which mother tongue was included in the activity, and there were situations where the educators deliberately used mother tongue to clarify concepts that the children do not understand in swedish. In instances where the identity expresses characteristics of children's mother tongue, the educators sees that these register on the child's posture and facial expressions. The educators note that children feel a sense of accomplishment and ownership when they claim competence to express “my language”, indicating self-awareness of their individuality and unique language. The educators use conversations and planned singing and reading lessons in different mother tongue as part of the daily activities and tools such as digital learning tablets, the computer and the smart board facilitate mother tongue support in preschool activities. Educators believe that, through the various available tools in preschool, cooperation with parents, and the educators’ multilingual abilities are contributory factors of great importance, that support mother tongue development and encourages a multilingual environment in preschool.  

  • Bhogal, Ramandeep
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    El Azzouzi, Mohamed
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Digital kompetens i det offentliga Sverige: En studie om digitalisering och dess påverkan på kompetens och kompetensförsörjning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis has been to study how digitalization has affected competency and competency management within Swedish authorities. This regards to the sixteenth sustainable goal developed by the UN which purpose is to promote peaceful, equitable and inclusive societies for a sustainable development. E-governance and its effect on the society is being studied to achieve the vision of a sustainable development. Collection of data has included primary data in the form of semi-structured interviews. Further on, secondary data have been applied in form of statistics for varying contexts.

    Based on the study’s findings it can be confirmed that the digital transformation within the examined authorities partially has contributed to replace professional tasks and partially to change the working tools used in the operation. The new professional tasks and their applied processes have contributed to higher demands of new competencies within the operation. It is mainly about an increased digital competency of employees. Depending on the digital maturity and the implementation of new technologies, the demand of digital competence varies between the authorities.

  • Lindwe, Michaela
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Linander, Felicia
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Tjänstekvalitet: En kvalitativ studie om gästers upplevelser under en hotellvistelse2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a globally enhanced and competitive hotel market, operators try to create strong brands and win guest loyalty. But what is the motivation behind the choice of accommodation and what attributes determine what makes a satisfied hotel guest? Good service quality has become an important competitive advantage, with service experience becoming a decisive factor in customer satisfaction. In this study, there was a desire to try to figure out which factors affect customer satisfaction and what attributes that hotel guests value and return to. Is there any unambiguous definition of service quality or are there as many answers as there are guests? Is there a difference between the service quality at hotel chains and independent hotels? Based on these reflections, qualitative interviews were conducted in focus groups. The questions were based on previous research and theories on the subject of service quality. The results of the study indicate that the behavior and presence of hotel staff play a greater role than previous theories emphasized. In an increasingly digital world, hotel guests find appreciation and value in the personal meeting of an committed staff who can offer personalized service.

  • Petersson Eriksson, Adam
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Främlingsfientliga åsikter bland elever: En intervjustudie om religionslärares arbetsstrategier för att motverka främlingsfientlghet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar

    Studien ämnar undersöka hur lärare i ämnet religionskunskap arbetar mot främlingsfientlighet, hur dem ser på religionskunskapen som medel i detta arbete samt att undersöka vad lärarna har för erfarenheter av främlingsfientlighet inom ramen för skolan.

    Metod

    Studien har genomförts med en kvalitativ ansats, där jag intervjuat fem gymnasielärare i ämnet religionskunskap. Intervjuerna strukturerades på samma sätt med hjälp av ett förarbetat frågeformulär. Då ett färdigställt frågeformulär ger möjligheter för tolkningar av frågorna har jag använt mig av följdfrågor för att leda in informanterna åt samma håll.

    Resultat

    Mitt resultat visar att samtliga lärare ansåg att religionskunskapen som medel var ett mycket bra verktyg för att arbeta mot främlingsfientliga åsikter. Både i förebyggande syfte då ämnet anses beröra det främlingsfientliga per automatik, men även som en arena där diskussioner och givande debatter äger rum då främlingsfientliga åsikter yttras. Religionskunskapen blev ett forum som gav eleverna en möjlighet till egna erfarenheter av det som ansågs vara främmande. De moment som lärarna ansåg vara väl fungerande i arbetet mot främlingsfientlighet var främst genom studiebesök där de fick träffa religiösa representanter som oftast gav dem en ny och verklig bild av hur de människorna är men också vad det gör. Det andra momentet lärarna menade fungerade bra var rollspel och debatter där eleverna fick leva sig in i en karaktär. Upplevelsen och själva förståelsen för hur en annan människa kan tänka blev enligt lärarna där uppenbar och gjorde avtryck på eleverna i positiv bemärkelse. De främlingsfientliga åsikterna menar lärarna ofta grundar sig i något de väljer att kalla för okunskap, en okunskap om främmande människor, kulturer, etniciteter och religioner. Okunskapen i sig menar både lärarna och min teoretiska utgångspunkt blir till kunskap då ett verkligt möte sker mellan det som är främmande och dem själva, socialisation och integration är nyckeln till en ökad förståelse och acceptans. Lärarna menade att den bästa metoden och strategin är att hantera situationerna direkt när dom uppstår och aldrig blunda eller hantera ett problem vid senare tillfälle. En viktig aspekt menar lärarna är att det är dem som skall styra samtalet eller diskussionen för att det ska bli gynnande och att det hålls på en bra nivå.

  • Moerman, Paul
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetic Learning Processes. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Dance Art, Math, Education – An Eternal Triangle2018In: Proceedings of Bridges 2018 on Mathematics, Art, Music, Architecture, Education, Culture / [ed] Eve Torrence, Bruce Torrence, Carlo Sequin, Kristóf Fenyvesi, Phoenix, Arizona, 2018, p. 347-350Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the nature of art activity, such as dance, in teaching and learning subject matter, such as math, querying what is left from the artistic when art is put to serve a cause, such as education. Does any partner, dance, math or education gain or give up more in the triangular affair?

  • Kullenberg, Christopher
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Rauden, Frauke
    University of Gothenburg.
    Björkvall, Anders
    Örebro University.
    Brounéus, Fredrik
    VA (Public & Science), Stockholm.
    Avellan-Hultman, Anders
    Järlehed, Johan
    University of Gothenburg.
    Van Meerbergen, Sara
    Stockholm University.
    Nord, Andreas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Lykke Nielsen, Helle
    University of Gothenburg / University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Rosendal, Tove
    University of Gothenburg.
    Tomasson, Lotta
    VA (Public & Science), Stockholm.
    Westberg, Gustav
    Stockholm University.
    What are analog bulletin boards used for today?: Analysing media uses, intermediality and technology affordances in Swedish bulletin board messages using a citizen science approach2018In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 8, p. 1-21, article id e0202077Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Pålsson, Daniel
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Gainza, Rikard
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Variabler som ligger till grund för insiderhandel: En kvantitativ studie grundad på revisorer och studenter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Insider trading can both be a legal and an illegal act. This study is based on the individuals decision-making when it comes to insider trading. Insider trading is illegal the moment an individual decides to use non-public information for its own gain. This information is used to achieve an unfair position on the market, because and individual is aware of a future event that will affect the stock price. Earlier cases and studies indicate that depending on how the insider information is presented to the individual, it has a great influence on how badly the individual is to commit an insider trade. This information is divided into two categories, tipping and direct knowledge.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to create an understanding to what may cause insider trading.

    Method: The study used questionnaire to get the data to answer its questions. The data was used to see if there are correlations, probabilities and differences.

    Results: The results show that individuals are more inclined to do insider trading through tipping compared to direct knowledge. Students were generally more willing to do insider trading in comparison to accountants. There was a correlation between guilt and cynism against probability of insider trading. Accountants were more willing to do insider trading to save their assets in comparison to gain new assets through the stock market.

  • Panshiri, Mitra
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Lilja, Johanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Att vara eller icke vara hållbar: En studie om bankernas hållbarhetsarbete2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    All companies, municipalities, governments and private individuals are in need of a functioning banking system. Research shows that for the long-term survival of banks, sustainability is important. However, there are several reasons why the banks are working with sustainability. The purpose of this study is to contribute to a deeper understanding of the sustainability work of banks operating in Sweden and to see how sustainability work differs between banks. The purpose is also to contribute to a deeper understanding of why the banks work with sustainability. The study has examined the banks Nordea, Handelsbanken, Danske Bank, Swedbank, SEB and Ekobanken.

    The study has a deductive approach and uses mixed methods. Semi-structured interviews have been conducted, sustainability reports have been reviewed, the number of customers and customer satisfaction have been taken into account. The study consists of interviews with Handelsbanken, Danske Bank, Ekobanken, Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority and Fair Finance Guide. A thematic analysis has been made based on the collected data.

    The study has come to the conclusion that the banks are working with sustainability to meet the expectations of their stakeholders, reduce risks, achieve trust, marketing goals and profitability. The banks work with both long-term social measures and short-term financial targets. The banks, Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority and Fair Finance Guide believe that the climate is a current issue. It is also through the indirect impact they have the greatest opportunity to influence the world towards a more sustainable society. Sustainability is constantly changing as society norms and expectations change. There is also a gap between the banks' policies and what they do in practice regarding their work with sustainability. 

  • Källberg, Stephanie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Ryman, Lina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Kan Interrail få en comeback?: En undersökning om ungdomars attityder och intresse till Interrail2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    he tourism industry is ranked as one of the world's biggest and fastest growing industries, which in return contribute to big environmental consequences. More environmentally friendly, railway bound transportation are current research questions and are discussed to prevent the negative effects of tourism. The purpose of the study was to research adolescents interest and attitude towards train for touristic purposes and if their perceived environmental awareness affected their choice of travel. Interrail was chosen as a research object partly because the authors considered it a current topic and partly because of the investment that the EU-commission made to be able to give 18-year olds free Interrailpasses this year. Interrail was in accordance with the theory perceived to be a more environmentally friendly choice of transportation and form of tourism. A combination of qualitative and quantitative methods was used to answer the purpose and questions of the study. From the chosen theories there appears to be a gap between tourists attitudes and behaviour, where personal values and the environmental norm that existed at home, was disregarded when choosing to go on a trip. The results from the 7 personal interviews and the questionnaire shows that the interest for train as transport for touristic purposes is relatively low, which could give an explanation for the lacking interest for Interrail in today's adolescents. Even among companies Interrail is interpreted as having a low position on the market. Companies aren't interested in marketing Interrail due to its low perceived economic profit. The interest for Interrail is low where aspects such as time, price and experience weighs heavier for adolescent’s touristic choices, where the environmental benefits are merely seen as a positive bi-product. From a lack of knowledge and preconceptions the authors interpret Interrails comeback, despite the financial investments from the EU-commission, as hard to achieve.

  • Box, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Larsson Segerlind, Tommy
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Entrepreneurial Teams, Gender, and New Venture Survival: Contexts and Institutions2018In: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 8, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The link between new venture survival and the presence of founding teams is investigated, in particular the effect of the gender composition of teams. Furthermore, we study venture survival, gender, and institutional change. A unique longitudinal database is employed, covering a large number of Swedish ventures established during 6 specific years, 1930-2005. These data capture the initial gender diversity of start-ups. The contextualization of entrepreneurship involves situational and temporal boundaries, and we elaborate on contextual factors at different levels of analysis. Our results show that ventures founded by teams have a higher probability of surviving, but show no overall team gender homogeneity/heterogeneity effect. However, we find some support for the fact that ventures founded by all-female teams have lower survival chances. Nevertheless, the clearest negative effect is found for female solo start-ups. Furthermore, our results support the fact that institutional transformation may gradually have increased the likelihood of ventures founded by females to survive. 

  • Stenberg, Emma
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Rafiee, Vincent Said
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Land grabbing and its implications on rural livelihoods in Ghana and Ethiopia: a comparative study2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rush for land has escalated the last decade, with Sub-Saharan Africa as the most targeted region. Governments, local elites and foreign corporations are increasingly taking control over large areas of agricultural lands with the aim of creating higher financial returns and achieve food security. This phenomenon, known as land grabbing, has received a lot of attention worldwide, not least from non-governmental organizations and scholars stressing the negative impacts on rural farmers and families. Yet, several international organizations as well as many African governments keep advocating the positive effects that land grabbing can have on poverty reduction and economic growth. The dominating capitalist and neoliberal view on development, focusing largely on the economic part, undermines the social and environmental impacts that these investments bring. The purpose of this comparative study is therefore to examine, analyze and compare these impacts in Ghana and Ethiopia, two countries heavily affected by land grabbing. This is done through the lens of political ecology, where concepts such as environmental justice, accumulation by dispossession and sustainable rural livelihoods will be of particular significance. Based on a systematic literature review, the results show that land grabbing projects, said to aim at stimulating economic and social development, have resulted in dispossessions, injustices and environmental conflicts wherein indigenous communities have been deeply affected. Their traditional livelihoods, based mainly on cultivation, fishing, gathering and hunting, have been threatened by several impacts from the land grabs. These include loss of land, declined access to resources, damaged ecosystems, deforestation and lack of alternative ways to maintain food security.

  • Wiklund, August
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Rydén, Erik
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Sponsring inom idrotten: En kvalitativ studie om hur företag värdesätter sponsring av idrottsrörelsen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sponsring har historiskt sett genomgått en rad förändringar i takt med den ökade kommersialiseringen och globaliseringen av samhället. Från att till en början vara mer av välgörande mening krävs det numera tydliga krav på motprestation för att kallas sponsring. I Sverige har man de senaste åren uppnått rekordnoteringar vad gäller sponsring och där den överlägset största andelen består av sponsring av idrottsrörelsen. Syftet med denna uppsats är således att skapa en förståelse för hur företag värdesätter sitt sponsorskap av idrottsrörelsen, samt hur företag väljer att värdera för- respektive nackdelar vid idrottssponsring. 

    Det empiriska underlaget är baserat på fyra semi-strukturerade intervjuer som har genomförts med företag som innehar större roller som sponsorer till idrottsrörelsen. Tidsperioden för intervjuerna har varit mellan 20 april 2018 – 3 maj 2018.

    Studien visar att en central del av sponsring generellt sett handlar om att skapa en “win-win”-situation kring ett samarbete, där samtliga involverade parter gynnas positivt. Motiven till att ingå ett sponsorskap har enligt denna studie mestadels berört områden såsom en förbättrad ”image”, ökad varumärkeskännedom, exponeringsmöjligheter, relationsmarknadsföring och sponsring som intern marknadsföring, men där målsättningen kan vara av olika karaktär beroende på val av sponsringsobjekt. De intervjuade nämnde även att det givetvis finns en del risker med sponsring i allmänhet och idrottsrörelsen i synnerhet, men att man har vidtagit diverse olika åtgärder för att i så god utsträckning som möjligt se till att skydda sig mot negativa skriverier. I vissa fall har det visat sig att sponsring till och med fungerat som en form av immunförsvar mot incidenter som haft potential att skada företagets anseende.

  • Kravchenko, Zhanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Moskvina, A.
    NGO Development Center, St Petersburg, Russia.
    Entrepreneurial NPOs in Russia: Rationalizing the Mission2018In: VOLUNTAS - International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, ISSN 0957-8765, E-ISSN 1573-7888Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nonprofit organizations in Russia are introducing for-profit activities as a means of gaining autonomy from external donors, and as instruments of strategic planning and sustainable development. This study focuses on organizations that work with welfare provision and explores how they reconcile entrepreneurial activities with their social mission. More specifically, we interrogate how two institutional logics, business and nonprofit, are defined and reconciled in organizational identities, structures and hierarchies. Socially oriented nonprofits define their mission through service to beneficiaries, through personal and professional dedication to beneficiaries’ well-being, and through making an impact on public policies and the society at large. They mimic a business approach in strategic planning and meticulous reporting, but subordinate profit-seeking to social mission by integrating entrepreneurial activities into already existing organizational structures, or by separating them into independent entities.

  • Holm, Filip
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    The Architecture of Pilgrimage: A study on the Ziyara Bogal and charismatic authority in the Tijaniyya2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Pilgrimage plays an important role in many religious traditions. Indeed, one of the five pillars of Islam is the Hajj – the pilgrimage to Mecca that every Muslim is expected to perform at least once in their life. But this isn’t the only ritual of its kind present in Islam. Indeed, a common practice in Sufism is the Ziyara – a pilgrimage or visit to a saint or the tomb of a saint. This study aims to give a comprehensive overview of one of these pilgrimages – the Ziyara Bogal of the Tijaniyya Sufi order. Through observational methods and interviews, the present thesis will look at strategies of ritualization and charismatic authority, as well as the political implications of the pilgrimage in West African society. Extensive fieldwork was conducted in Senegal, The Gambia and in the diasporic community in Sweden both during the pilgrimage itself and several months before and after, and theories relating to the main themes (ritualization, charismatic authority) is used to analyze the material. As such, the study will map out multiple significant aspects of the ziyara and give an insight into how Islam is lived and practiced in the region.

  • Elgenius, Gabriella
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    The changing political landscape of Sweden: Political cleavages, actors and processes2018In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 55, no 2-3, p. 139-154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The political landscape in Sweden has undergone considerable changes in recent decades The number of political parties in the Swedish parliament has increased from five to eight, and the socio-economic issues of the traditional political right–left scale has been challenged by socio-cultural issues relating to lifestyle and identity. Notably, the notion of Swedish exceptionalism and the particularities of its welfare state is lingering despite findings pointing in the opposite direction e.g. with the increased electoral support for the radical right, and its ethno-nationalist and anti-immigrant rhetoric. The corporatist model has been challenged by new forms of political authority, participation and representation. New political actors, such as social movements and civil society actors, think tanks and policy professionals, are becoming increasingly engaged in political processes. The long-term trend suggests that traditionally marginalised groups, such as the young, women and groups of migrant background, are represented in decision-making forums to a higher degree than before. Yet, current conditions need further analysis. In this article, we provide a background to Sociologisk Forskning’s special issue on the political landscape of the parliamentary election in 2018.

  • Wennerhag, Magnus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Elgenius, Gabriella
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Förändring och kontinuitet i det svenska politiska landskapet: Politisk-sociologiska perspektiv inför valet 20182018In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 55, no 2-3, p. 121-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Change and continuity in the political landscape. Politico-sociological perspectives on the general election in Sweden 2018

    The political landscape in Sweden has undergone considerable changes in recent decades. The number of political parties in the Swedish parliament has increased from five to eight, and the socio-economic issues of the traditional political right–left scale has been challenged by socio-cultural issues relating to lifestyle and identity. Notably, the radical right has had significant electoral success in Sweden based on an ethno-nationalist and anti-immigrant rhetoric. The corporatist model has increasingly been challenged by new forms of political authority, participation and representation. Yet, new political actors such as social movements and civil society actors, think tanks and policy professionals, are becoming increasingly engaged in the political processes. Moreover, traditionally marginalised groups including the young, women and individuals of migrant background are represented to a higher degree in political bodies than before. In this article, we introduce the articles of Sociologisk Forskning’s special issue on the Swedish political landscape and give an overview of the main developments of politics and society in the country.

  • Arouche, Patricia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Touray, Mariama
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Svensk Kod: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av svensk kod för bolagsstyrning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Corporate Governance is something that concerns companies regularly and is forming a central part of corporate organizations. Agency-theory is the most attentive theory in Corporate Governance, which explains the differ goals and interests between the agents and principals in a company. Previous studies have shown differences between anglosaxisk and european countries, concerning the ownership structure.To prevent interest conflicts in companies several policies, presented as Codes have been presented in different countries.   

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze how companies on the OMX30 Stockholm Stock Exchange, apply the main principles of the Swedish Corporate Governance Code. The study also aims to review if there is any pattern regarding the companies ownership structure and how the companies choose to follow the Code.

    Method: In order to examine and answer the questions of this study, the study intends to use a qualitative content approach with a deductive approach. The study has been conducted by reviewing public information from annual reports, corporate governance reports and websites for the selected companies during the years 2013-2017.

    Conclusion: The findings of the study indicates that most of the companies apply the Swedish Code of Corporate Governance without any deviations, where companies with a dispersed ownership is a majority. The study does not show any significant trend of a decreased or increased deviation from the code during the years 2013-2017. There is no ownership structure constituting a majority of the study’s investigated companies. The most common deviations in this study are 2.4 and 9.2 from the Swedish Code.

  • Wahl, Fanny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Hultquist, Regina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Lindqvist, Frida
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Mötesanläggningars arbete för en hållbar utveckling: En fallstudie om hur tre mötesanläggningar i Stockholm arbetar hållbart utifrån ett socialt, ekonomiskt och miljömässigt perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through research and questionnaires, the paper reviews meeting and conference facilities from a broader perspective to deeper analyze its approach to become a more sustainable organization. The study reveals an examination to determine the consumers perspective and their demand for a greater sustainable improvement on three chosen meeting facilities in Stockholm. In order to answer the framing of the questions presented for the consumers, it was relevant to use both a quantitative and qualitative method. To further distinguish and analyze the different meeting facilities and their openness for sustainable development, three semistructured interviews were held with representatives from the selected examination objects. The writers completed another three interviews with informants who had visited any of the three meeting facilities, these interviews contributed to a broader consumer perspective on the sustainable growth increase for the facilities. The interviews where complemented with a survey that was formed to investigate the demand on a sustainable conference facility. The theories that have been used are based on how organizations reveal themselves in a sustainable work environment. The empirical material was set against the theory and deeply analyzed. Lastly the conclusion could be presented. The final result from the surveys showed that consumers are asking for greater efficiency and more sustainable aware meeting facilities. However, according to the surveys made by the consumers, it showed that the inquiry for a sustainable facility was not prioritized while in the process of election. In the study, one can conclude that all of the mentioning facilities has a sustainable development approach - including policies and guidelines to promote sustainability. However, challenges and difficulties could be identified, primarily the economic aspects, since certified products contribute to a higher cost for the businesses. Also, there was a lack of knowledge and commitment regarding the advantages of a sustainable business approach, which may be due to lack of organizational structure.

  • Rinaldi, Camille Emma
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Collective identity and the role of emotions in discourse framing by social movement organisations: the Taranto case study2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social movements and the drive for social justice have been on the rise for decades. Social movement studies are accustomed to separate rationality from emotion, and relegate feelings in a subordinate position. The frame alignment approach, theorised by Robert Benford, David Snow and associates, has gained a prominent place in the sociological study of social movements. However, a new approach to social movement studies wants to subvert this dichotomy, and use emotions as a proper analytical tool to better understand a social movement. An exponent of the emotional approach is James Jasper, who believes it is impossible to study social movement without considering the emotions, the collective identity and the culture that come with it.

    This study thus examines the social movement of Taranto, a town in South of Italy strongly affected by the environmental and health issues of a steel manufacturing plant, the Ilva factory. To illustrate how the movement is composed, takes collective action and engages the bystanders, I will combine frame alignment approach and emotional approach to analyse in-depth interviews conducted on the field, and media content such as slogans and billboards, used during the protest. The paper aims at investigating the collective identity of the Taranto social movement through emotions and to use feelings as an analytical tool to understand the framing process.

  • Nordh, Emil
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Holmberg, Marcus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    En studie om marknadsnoterade fotbollsklubbar: Balansgången mellan finansiell lönsamhet och sportslig framgång2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    År 1983 genomfördes den första marknadsnoteringen av en fotbollsklubb. Sedan dess har flera klubbar marknadsnoterats och även avnoterats. År 2018 finns det 23 marknadsnoterade fotbollsklubbar i Europa. Traditionella aktiebolag har fokus på lönsamhet genom att generera vinster samtidigt som ideella fotbollsföreningar strävar efter sportslig framgång. När fotbollsklubbar bolagiseras kan därför en intressekonflikt uppstå kring klubbarnas huvudsakliga motiv. Sportslig framgång eller finansiell lönsamhet? Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka utvecklingen av de sportsliga och finansiella resultaten för de marknadsnoterade klubbarna. Hur klubbarna agerar är intressant ur ett investeringsperspektiv kopplat mot avkastningen, utefter vilket fokus klubben har, finansiell eller sportslig avkastning. Det finns ett fåtal studier inom ämnet från framför allt 2000-talet med tvetydiga svar. Införandet av UEFA FFP 2009 har dessutom ställt hårdare krav på klubbarnas ekonomi. Uppsatsen har utgått ifrån en kvantitativ metod genom sekundärdata i form av aktiekurser, nyckeltal, tabellplaceringar och årsredovisningar. Urvalet för den kvantitativa metoden har varit samtliga fotbollsklubbar som idag är marknadsnoterade i Europa. Det empiriska resultatet för räntabilitetsmåtten, rörelsemarginalen och skuldsättningsgraden visar en hög volatilitet vilket indikerar en hög risk ur ett investeringsperspektiv. Den abnormala avkastningen på kort och lång sikt var negativ för branschen. Den generella avkastningen som fotbollsbranschen ger motiverar inte den höga risk som en investering i en fotbollsklubb innebär. Inom fotbollsbranschen går det att utläsa två finansiella trender under tidsperioden 2008-2017. En negativ trend är under de första åren påtaglig och kan sannolikt förklaras av finanskrisen. Denna negativa trend har följts av en ekonomisk återhämtning vilket kan bero på att klubbarna fokuserat på en stabilare ekonomi, sannolikt påverkat av införandet av FFP. Den finansiella och sportsliga utvecklingen visar att Manchester United är det tydligaste exemplet på profit-maximization samtidigt som klubbarna från Portugal och Turkiet agerar som win-maximizers. För fotbollsbranschen i sin helhet, kan ett skifte ses mot att klubbarna i större utsträckning än tidigare agerar med profit-maximization som motiv.

  • Fållbäck, Jonathan
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Läraren i diskursen: En kritisk diskursanalys av samhällskunskapslärares utsagor om sin undervisningspraktik2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is an attempt to have a critical look at the very craft of teaching within the social sciences. The scope of my study is teachers own accounts of their teaching practices within the Swedish secondary education (gymnasieskolan). This is done through interviews which I have performed with two teachers, whose answers I have analyzed textually. My aim is to explore their motivations for their practices with the theory and method of Norman Fairclough’s critical discourse analysis to discover how different discourses emerge, compete and work together. Among my results is that the teachers motivations express a variety of discourses covering topics as: preparations for university studies, civic responsibility, critical thinking, objectivity and secularism, among other things. This is then compared and discussed in relation to some of the Swedish curriculum studies.

  • Dealzi, Rosa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Samin, Lalan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Presterar hållbara företag bättre?: En kvantitativ studie om CSR-påverkan på svenska börsnoterade företag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Consumer interest in the community has increased, which has helped both Swedish and international companies to act and take their social responsibility. Sustainability affects all companies around the world and, such as, creates an issue for companies to work with CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility). How much responsibility should companies take? Is the goal to only maximize profits, or should the CSR-perspective be considered?

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine how CSR affects Swedish company’s financial performance, in terms of profitability (CFP).

    Methodology: This study has used a deductive quantitative method to be able to make a statistical generalization, to answer the question of the study as well as fulfillment the purpose. Folksam’s report “index för ansvarsfullt företagande” was chosen to operationalize the CSR-variable, and Tobin’s Q, ROE, ROA och profitmargin were used to operationalize profitability. To examine how CSR affects financial perfomance a multiple regression analysis was used.

    Conclusion: The studys results indicate that there is a negative correlation between CSR and ROE. Remaining profitability Tobin’s Q, ROA and profitmargin indicates that there is no significant correlation between CSR and profitability.

  • Agestam, Oscar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    The Patterns of Democratic Backsliding: A systematic comparison of Hungary, Turkey and Venezuela2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation attempts to answer the research question on whether there is a common pattern of democratic backsliding. Levitsky and Ziblatt’s theoretical model of democratic backsliding is utilized as the guiding theory. The theory suggests that Democratic Backsliding has three stages where different goals are attempted to be achieved. The goals are first to take over state institutions, thereafter to use these institutions to target political opponents and protect the government from criticism. The third stage concerns entrenching the political dominance.

    The research question is answered by a systematic comparison of Hungary, Turkey and Venezuela. The results are that each case does follow the suggested path of democratic backsliding, with certain differences. More emphasis is put on the media, election monitoring, and how the institutions are controlled. The institutions are often taken control over by hijacking the nomination process, a fact overlooked by the theoretical model. These aspects are not expanded on in the theoretical model, and this dissertation suggest adding these to the model.

  • Novakovic, Daniella
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Sjögren, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Carstens, Josefine
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Virtual- och augmented reality inom turism: En studie om tillämpning av teknikerna innan och under en resa2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Virtual reality is a computer simulated reality, where the user is immersed with sound and image and natural of physics cease to exist. The user can customize the reality according to his or her own needs and desires. Unlike VR, AR is regarded as a visual system that reinforces our reality with information and graphics. The emergence of technology creates opportunities for travel destinations to create innovative value-added services that make them more appealing to the consumer. Information technology shapes new consumer behavior, especially in the travel industry. It is important that tourism companies are involved in the adoption of digital technologies in order to succeed in attracting younger generations born into the digital era where new technology permeates everyday life. The search for previous studies on the subject showed a lack of qualitative studies aimed at explaining the implementation of technologies, such as VR and AR. This study intends to determine whether VR can be implemented and add value used prior to a trip, and AR during the course of a trip. The purpose of the paper is to explore the virtual and augmented reality in the context of tourism by examining how tour operators and museums can implement VR prior to the trip, and AR during the trip. Data collection has been conducted through eleven interviews. Respondents have been divided into three categories, which represent: tourism companies (tour operators and museums), VR and AR companies and other market players invested in tourism and digital technologies. Both the VR and AR technologies have also been personally tested and experienced. Implementation of VR for a tour operator can contribute as information and marketing tools, detection of locations without physical travel to any given site as well as virtual site conservation. Implementation of AR for a museum can contribute positively in terms improved directions, increased accessibility to information and history of locations as well as digital accessibility. For a tourism company that specializes in customizing trips, advantages of the implementation of these technologies can be marketing and information tools. They can be an aid in terms of allowing for people visit foreign locations without physically traveling to them. The implementation of AR can help museum with direction, general information and history as well as digital accessibility. VR and AR can both be of benefit in terms of creating increased accessibility of locations and attractions. Low season tourism has solid potential to see an increase, or become more evenly distributed throughout the year, by leveraging AR to showcase its allure to potential new tourists.