sh.sePublications
123 1 - 50 of 128
rss atomLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
  • Koc, Bobil
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Värdegrundsarbetet, en icke likvärdig undervisning i svenska skolor?: En studie om hur fyra SO-lärare tolkat de grundläggande demokratiska värdernas innebörd och hur de genomför sin undervisning för att förmedla och förankra dessa till eleverna2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The school has a political and democratic mandate to teach and establish basic democratic values that our society is based in the teaching of students. The purpose of this study is to investigate how a number of four teachers interpret the meaning of democratic values. What is their personal inter-pretations which according to previous research proved to be open to interpretation? The aim was to see if there was a noticeable difference in the teachers interpretations towards each other.

    Another aim of the study was to gain insight on how teachers believe that they conduct their lessons to teach and establish basic democratic values. Are there any links to previous research that says that the teaching of fundamental values are not equal?

    The study's questions will therefore examine:

    ・ What do four different teachers consider the meaning of the basic democratic values?

    ・How do the teachers in the social studies field do systematically for the students to aquire basic democratic values and knowledge?

    ・ What are the differences in their interpretations of the democratic meaning of values and way of conducting their teaching in this area?

    To get answers, qualitative methods have been used through interview. As a theoretical approach, Laclau and Mouffes approach of discourse analysis has also been used.

    The conclusions I reach in the analysis of my material shows that the four teachers had a variety towards each other in their interpretation in the meaning of the basic democratic values. As a conse-quence was the teachings in the fundamental values not equivalent because they dealt with different areas of the values in their respective teaching.

  • Serdarevic, Selma
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Lärares arbete med läsförståelsestrategier inom årskurs 4-6: En studie om lärares motiv till att arbeta eller inte arbeta med materialet En läsande klass och lärares arbete med att förse elever med läsförståelsestrategier i läsförståelseundervisningen2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine teachers’ motives to work or to not work with A reading class and how teachers teach reading comprehension strategies. The two questions this study aims to answer are:

    • Which motives do teachers have that make them choose or not to choose to teach reading comprehension strategies based on the material A reading class?
    • How do teachers teach reading comprehension strategies in their reading comprehension instruction?  

       The approach used to conduct this study was qualitative. Four teachers working in grades 4-6 were interviewed and their lessons were observed. This study is based on theories that show different models (RT, TSI and QtA) of how to work with reading comprehension strategies, A reading class and a variety of learning theories: Vygotskij and Dewey.

       A reading class is a material with reading comprehension strategies through characters. This study shows that the motives of those teachers who choose to work with the material A reading class is primarily to provide tools, to structure and make it clearer for the students to understand texts. The teachers who do not work with A reading class say that their motives to not work with the material is because there is too much material, meaning that they have to make a great deal of copies. Their motives are also based on their belief that the material contains texts that are too difficult for their group, they simply have other materials that suit their pupils better. The study shows that the teachers Sandra, Gunilla and Stina teach in reading comprehension strategies through RT, in addition to Marie who is focusing on the strategy “artist” of A reading class. The teachers also used TSI regarding the reading comprehension strategies, but QtA was not used among teachers. All the teachers had the conversation and the learning as a social process as an important part in providing students with reading comprehension strategies.

  • Linander, Felicia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Elektronisk word of mouth: En kvalitativ studie om konsuments köpbeslutsprocess vid bokning av boende2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The internet is for many travelers the main source for booking trips and tourism services, which has contributed to new ways of gathering information in the tourism industry. One of these ways is through onlinebased reviews, also called electronic word of mouth (eWOM). The aim of this study is to contribute with knowledge if eWOM is perceived to be credible enough to influence the purchasing process when booking accommodation.

    This study adopts theories that illustrates the purchasing decision process, electronic word of mouth's characteristics, how eWOM can be evaluated, positive and negative reviews as well as fake reviews. Based on these theories a qualitative research method has been applied containing eight semistructured interviews. The interview questions consisted of three to eight questions per theme based on the mentioned theories.

    The study's selection is based on the website Tripadvisor and private travelers who travel at least twice a year and have used Tripadvisor before. The result indicates that the participated respondents have a positive view of eWOM and it is part of their purchasing decision-making process when booking accommodation, however, it is not the only information source they use. According to the respondents the communication method is a convenient way of gathering information and despite being spread anonymously it is not considered to be doubtful. The result also shows that it is important to evaluate if the reviews are consistent with each other and it is significant to read both positive and negative reviews.

  • Sidiropoulou Coster, Sofia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Donnerberg, Isabelle
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Hur skapas robotar som accepteras av den äldre generationen?: En studie om robotar inom äldreomsorg2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The development of robotics within the elderly care is moving fast forward. There is a wide range of robots for different occasions. By year 2050 it is expected that the worlds older population will be doubled. Robots that can help in the elderly care has thus gotten a political interest hence the demographic development that point to an increase in the proportion of elderly people. This essay will investigate which factors make elderly people accept the usage of robots and how experts in robotics work to develop these robots. The study will be based on data from both elderly people over 65 and experts in robotics and a number of scientific articles have been used for the essay. The results of the study show that factors that are important for older people's acceptance of robots fall under; configuration, knowledge, safety, integrity, perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness. The study shows that experts are currently working well with regard to the elderly. 

  • Pasic, Ademir
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    La Mothe, Otilia
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Den digitala ritplattan: Ett essentiellt verktyg när fria och organiska former ska utformas inom grafisk design och illustration2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will cover the subject of the digital drawing tablet, mainly its use within a design process of graphic designers and illustrators. A variation of methods such as interviews, surveys and observations have been used to identify where in the designing process the tablet is mostly used, and what value users place on the tablet in that specific area. The study reveals that the users are affected by the absence of the drawing tablet when executions such as organic and freeform shapes are made during their design process. This effect reveals itself both through our methods and in the users opinion and their own perception of their work.

  • Asnicar, Davide
    et al.
    University of Padova, Italy; University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ašmonaitė, Giedrė
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Birgersson, Lina
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kvarnemo, Charlotta
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Svensson, Ola
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Mathematics Teaching. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sturve, Joachim
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sand Goby: An Ecologically Relevant Species for Behavioural Ecotoxicology2018In: Fishes, E-ISSN 2410-3888, Vol. 3, no 1, article id 13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Locomotion-based behavioural endpoints have been suggested as suitable sublethal endpoints for human and environmental hazard assessment, as well as for biomonitoring applications. Larval stages of the sand goby (Pomatoschistus minutus) possess a number of attractive qualities for experimental testing that make it a promising species in behavioural ecotoxicology. Here, we present a study aimed at developing a toolkit for using the sand goby as novel species for ecotoxicological studies and using locomotion as an alternative endpoint in toxicity testing. Exposure to three contaminants (copper (Cu), di-butyl phthalate (DBP) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) was tested in the early life stages of the sand goby and the locomotion patterns of the larvae were quantified using an automatic tracking system. In a photo-motor test, sand goby larvae displayed substantially higher activity in light than in dark cycles. Furthermore, all tested compounds exerted behavioural alterations, such as hypo- and hyperactivity. Our experimental results show that sand goby larvae produce robust and quantifiable locomotive responses, which could be used within an ecotoxicological context for assessing the behavioural toxicity of environmental pollutants, with particular relevance in the Nordic region. This study thus suggests that sand goby larvae have potential as an environmentally relevant species for behavioural ecotoxicology, and as such offer an alternative to standard model species.

  • Public defence: 2018-03-16 13:00 MA 624, Huddinge
    Kuflu, Rahel
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.
    Bröder emellan: Identitetsformering i det koloniserade Eritrea2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation study examines individual and collective identity formation in Eritrea during the first period of Italian colonialism (1890-1916). Drawing on an African-centered theoretical framework, my analysis of identity formation centers on the interplay between colonial and patriarchal structures, in relations formed between African evangelical reformists and Swedish missionaries. The study is African-centered in the sense that it mainly focuses on African agency, while at the same time acknowledging the local context. Additionally, the theoretical framework is heavily informed by theories of black diasporic identity formation. While this means that I rely on contemporary theoretical formulations to examine the past, I argue that the afro-diasporic concepts that I draw on, are not always necessarily time and place bound, and thus allow for the exploration of black/African identity, in ways that have the capacity to advance theory-building in the present.

    The source materials consist of reports and minutes written by Swedish missionaries in the field, as well as letters written by members of the mission board in Stockholm. These sources include a multitude of accounts of verbal exchanges and actions carried out by Africans whom these writers encountered, and are therefore used (solely) for this purpose of accessing this information. Other sources used are letters penned by African evangelists hired by the Swedish missionaries. Thus, the letters are rather unique as the evangelists speak directly to their white supervisors in these letters.

    The findings of this study show that both colonial and local patriarchal structures influenced the identity formation of the evangelists and other Africans who attended Swedish missionary schools. While focusing on maintaining their masculinity, most men ended up being trapped within the dualistic worldview of colonialism.

  • Stenström, Marita
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Förskolegården - växtplats eller rastplats: En essä om utemiljöns betydelse2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How do I think as a preschool teacher around the outdoor environment at preschool? My essay begins with a story of my experience of the conditions for creative and learning opportunities in my workplace. The method of my work is essay writing. I have studied articles and studies on the importance of outdoor environment for children's development and play. As well as the use of reflection in the workgroup as a method of seeing the outdoor environment's importance from different perspectives, such as different play modes and social interaction. Which has developed my view on the importance of outdoor environment. During my writing, I have reflected on questions and my own thoughts that I gained through literature and research findings on the importance of outdoor environment at preschool. I have learned what government work has come up to, such as the National Board of Housing, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and the Swedish Research Council. An environmental psychologist, Fredrika Mårtensson, has written several different articles that contributed with theoretical perspectives in children's need for wide-ranging games and playing in natural environments that also makes it easier to interact socially. A researcher, Gunilla Halldén, emphasizes the importance of sometimes even critically examining the expulsion. Is it enough to just be out? I have also read Vygotsky's Fantasy and creativity in childhood, where he develops thoughts about children's development and about children's needs for creative environments and opportunities for collaboration with others.

     

     

  • Östskog, Ronja
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Ångnell, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Vuxnas syn på sin tid som familjehemsplacerade: En studie om anknytning till familjehemsföräldrar och upplevd kontakt med socialsekreteraren2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how the connection with the foster parents and the contact with the social services affects a child during a foster care placement and later in life. Furthermore, it also examines how good connection favours a foster care placement and the contact with the social services. For the study, a qualitative method was used. Five interviews took place with adults who have, at some point during their childhood, been in foster care. Parts of Bowlbys attachment theory and Antonovskys (2010) idea of KASAM was used to analyze the study’s empirics. The result shows that all adults who got interviewed in this study felt they had good relations with the foster parents and felt safe in their presence during the time they spent in foster care. Four guidelines for a good relationship between a child and their foster parents has showed to be rules, structure, commitment and affinity. Children who feel insecure with their current relations have a harder time building new relations and will have a tough time creating good relations within the foster home. The Social Service Act demands that every child in foster care shall be assigned a social secretary (2015:982). Children who has been placed in foster care needs a social secretary that they feel they can trust, this will increase the possibility of good relations within the foster home.

  • Ståhlberg, Per
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Från marknadsföring till propagandakrig2017In: Ikaros, tidskrift om människan och vetenskapen, ISSN 1796-1998, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 37-39Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett projekt som inleddes som en studie i nation branding i Ukraina kom efter Majdanrevolten 2013-14 att övergå i en undersökning av hur ukrainska myndigheter och medier hanterar information i konflikten mellan Ukraina och Ryssland. Ryssland antas ha en mäktig propagandaapparat, men hur agerar Ukraina i informationskriget mot Ryssland?

  • Franzén, Julia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Sevelin, Amy
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Makten hos en tredje part: En studie om bokningskanalernas inflytande på små hotell2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to gain in-depth understanding of the influence of booking channels in the hotel sector on the small hotel's organization.

    Method: The essay is based on a qualitative multidirectional study conducted with 6 semistructured interviews as a data collection method.

    Previous research: To give the reader an idea of the subject, previous research and studies summarize the influence of booking channels on hotels in this section. The research lies with the theory section as the basis for the final analysis.

    Theory: The theory deals with two-sided networks in a platform theory to create understanding of the relationship between users and the platform. The section also discusses two businessmodels, B2B and B2B2C, which describe the business process traditionally and how it developed in line with e-commerce.

    Empiria: The Empiria section begins with a presentation of the 6 cases investigated and these lected respondents interviewed. The hotels that participated in the survey are Lydmar Hotel, Hellsten Hotels, Mälardrottningen, Sky Hotel Apartments, Hotell Hansson and Hotell Anonym. Finally, the respondents' responses are summarized and linked to the themes identified during the course of data collection.

    Findings: The results of the study indicate that the major booking channels have a big influence on small hotels but that they contributed to the opportunity for the small hotels to market globally and therefore receive higher occupancy rates than before. The booking channels have also played an important part in Stockholm's destination development.

  • Grönblad Ribjer, Max
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Musikens rum: En kvalitativ studie om när en koncentrerad musikupplevelse kan nås med Spotify2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syfte ligger i att skapa förståelse för var, när, och hur det är möjligt att uppnå en musikupplevelse som är koncentrerad med Spotify. Tre frågeställningar har tagits fram som behandlar: konstobjektets immateriella form, hur plats och mobilitet kan påverka upplevelsen, och hur detta möjliggör eller försvårar en koncentrerad musikupplevelse. Uppsatsens teoretiska ingång har sin utgångspunkt från Walter Benjamins (2014) tanke om att konsten besitter en aura som påverkas av form och mediering. För att förstå det strömmade musikmediet och konstobjektet används Jay David Bolter & Richard Grusins (1999) remedieringsteori, samt senare teorier om det personliga flödet av Richard Grusin (2009). Tillkommer gör även teorier om musikpraktiker i form av: Lee Marshall (2014) och Eric W. Rothenbuhler & John Durham Peters (1997). Ett fenomenologiskt perspektiv på livet och rummen med medier knyter ihop ramverket och utgår från Scannell (2014), Bakardjieva (2005) och Bengtsson (2007). Ämnet undersöks med en etnografiskt inspirerad metodologi i form av tre kvalitativa forskningsintervjuer med unga, musikintresserade och flitiga användare av Spotify. Det som framkom från intervjuerna var att en koncentrerad musikupplevelse är ovanlig, men inte omöjlig. När allt stämmer kan en djup och nära upplevelse nås. Användarna uttryckte i första hand andra kvalitéter hos det strömmade, det nya ”äkta” ansågs ligga i det personliga och kontrollerade flödet.

  • Sjögren, Molly
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art.
    Rummet (re)presenterat: Aspekter av arkitekturmodeller på konstutställningar2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main focus of this thesis is to analyze three architecture models, displayed at three major art museums. Using Roland Barthes concept of the mythology as a meta layer to the language of the exhibition, the study of the models is also a way of studying their visual and institutional environment – thus inquiring into how the display of architectural models, in the context of the modern art exhibition, activates and displaces the discourse of the exhibition. Taking into consideration the different kinds of objects on display (and those that are not), as well as their relation to the artist and the artworks, the discussion is largely affected by the notion of the representation, as well as the ideology of the modernistic narrative. Upon analyzing these aspects, it becomes clear that the models all convey narratives of their own, that in turn are activated and transformed in their dialogue with the rest of the exhibition. The models become part of the larger narrative that visualizes different ideas about modernism and modernity. But the analysis of the interplay between model and display also show how underlying narratives of nationalism and the relationship between art and architecture are a dominant pretext in the exhibitions.  

  • Sundstedt, Sara
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Rytterlund, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Fallstudie för Fishbrain AB: Användarundersökningar för framtagandet av personas där användarna har en geografisk spridning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a case study for a mobile app for fishing enthusiasts, Fishbrain with the purpose of presenting personas based on user-research. This assignment was carried out upon request of Fishbrain as the company finds that they lack qualitative data. One main reason for this is that the majority of the users are located in the US. Fishbrain has 4.83 million users mainly across the United States, Australia, Sweden and Brazil (14th of December 2017). This study intends to determine whether our chosen methods for user-research can apply when the interviewers and the responders are located at different geographical locations, and to evaluate if our chosen method for deriving personas can be applied on a large user base.

    This study is based on quantitative data collected through surveys. Subsequently, interviews were conducted as a method for collecting more qualitative data. Based on this empirical foundation, interesting insights and recurring factors were categorized. Two primary personas and two secondary personas were developed from this analysis.

    This study finds that our chosen methods for user-research are valid when users and researchers are located in different places, but that there are certain limitations that the researchers should take into consideration, for example the time difference. This may require a longer research timeframe  than if the research is conducted in a lab environment.

  • Enomoto, Rene
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Webbdesign i Japan och Sverige: En tvärkulturell analys av webbplatser från hög-kontextuella kulturer och låg-kontextuella kulturer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to analyze and capture differences and similarities in webbdesign between two countries, Japan and Sweden. The Swedish and Japanese websites of two companies established in both Japan and Sweden, IKEA and DAIKIN, have been analyzed based on a model devised by Würtz (2006) in a previous study of the same topic. This model is in turn based on Hall and Hofstede’s theories on cultural differences and differences between so-called low-context cultures (e.g. Sweden) and high-context cultures (e.g. Japan). The model focuses on the use of animation, promotion of cultural values such as masculinity/femininity and individualism/collectivism, individuals being depicted together with products or not, level of transparency in the web design and finally linear vs. parallel navigation on the websites. Besides the study of the websites two interviews were held with a designer/developer from each company to get further input into how the companies think about their web design.

    The study did not find any significant differences in the use of animation, transparency and navigation between the websites studied but differences in cultural values could be seen in terms of the Japanese sites promoting more family-oriented values and stereotypical gender roles through the pictures used on the websites. The Swedish sites promoted values more typical for low-context cultures such as lifestyle and freedom. It was also noted that the Japanese company featured a mascot which can be said is typical for Japanese culture. Regarding the interviews the developers had similar thoughts on the use of text versus pictures and animations. The Japanese developer explained that Japanese customers appreciate customer reviews in order to lower uncertainty which can be said is typical for Japan. The overall conclusion from this study however is that cultural differences in web design are becoming less, perhaps due to the globalization of business and society.

  • Wickholm, Jennie
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    En öde ö som flyter runt: en kvalitativ studie av hur mobila och stationära förskolepedagoger uppfattar de organisatoriska förutsättningarna för att hantera en dubbel enhet2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how mobile and stationary pedagogues experience the cooperation between the two units and how the pedagogues perceive the organizational conditions for managing a dual unit. Furthermore is the study also examine whether there are any different perceptions of working methods in each other's activities and if this has an impact on the children at preschool.

    In order to be able to answer these questions, I have chosen to make qualitative interviews at two different stationary preschools and two different mobile units/buses. I have interviewed four pedagogues, two from stationary units and two from mobile units.

    In my study I can see patterns in that bus pedagogues perceive themselves as be an ”own preschool” or ”own island” where they express "take care" of themselves. Nor do they perceive that they need to adapt to what’s happening on the preschool, for example, in case of illness. But they have a need to belong to the "house" when it comes to getting help during planning times. The stationary pedagogues perceive as the bus pedagogues do not see the entire preschool as a common organization that the bus pedagogues only cares for their own needs. The stationary pedagogues perceive that the mobile pedagogues exclude themselves but the mobile pedagogues perceive that they get excluded.

    The result of this study points that management should be aware of the strong impact of previous traditions and approaches in a working group or individual. Without clear leadership, too much space is given to the pedagogues own "profit-making" purposes, which can have an impact on the children's opportunities and to become in the preschool environment.

  • Dymér, Felix
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Dia, Hussen
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Effektkartläggarens möjligheter och begränsningar gällande samarbetet mellan chefer och målgrupper2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Only a third out of all IT-projects are successful. This depends on the factor that the managers and the users which the IT-project is aimed towards aren’t properly involved in the design-process. Instead have the technical aspects of the project been in focus and not the users. Impact mappers solve these problems by collaborating with both the managers and the users. The method called Impact mapping has been in focus for this research project and how this method is used by impact mappers to help companies identify and achieve their goals. The impact mapper collaborates with the company to define the purpose of the IT-project. The collaboration between the impact mapper and the users enables the impact mapper to understand how the users interact with the IT-product. This process results in the creation of a so-called impact-map. The impact mapper uses the impact-map to create prototypes of the company’s new website. After that the prototypes will be sent to the web developers which will create the website. The managers are responsible for all decisions that are made during the project. The impact mapper recommends the users which should be prioritized based on how they can help the company achieve their goals. The impact mapper is therefore limited in his or her work. The impact mapper has a key role and needs to understand the users and how the business works. Through the usage of interviews we have investigated which opportunities and limitations that may arise when they collaborate with the managers and users. In this research project we have also identified which limitations and opportunities impact mapping has in the development of a new website.

  • Erbenius, Theo
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Könsceller och personnummer: En studie av makt- och motståndslogiker i transpolitiska rättsprocesser2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of this bachelor thesis is the logics and counter-logics that have structured the perception of transsexualism and the now abolished sterilization requirement for legal recognition of sex change within the Swedish legal system and governmental authority. The analyzed material consists of judgments from two court cases with opposing verdicts that took place in 2004-2005 and 2012. The main conflict in the first court case was about if the sterilization requirement entailed the destruction of frozen germ cells or not. In the second court case the antagonism was mainly about if the sterilization requirement itself was legitimate or not. The differentiation in the verdicts and the expressed logics between the court cases was through analyze linked to discursive displacements in media coverage and judicial descriptions of transsexuals and their legal rights.

  • Tabib, George
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Awrohum, Jonathan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Scania Production System: En kartläggning av Scania Production System och dess utveckling2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this report is to map the Scania Production System (SPS), how it was motivated and implemented within Scania's organization, as well as linking previous reforms with SPS. We want to find out how Scania managed to create its own customized production system that proved being successful and how it was introduced throughout the organization. SPS is a result of Toyota and their Toyota Production System (TPS) following a close collaboration between Scania and Toyota since the early 1990s. Scania's values, principles and priorities are described by SPS and have proven to be one of the company's competitive advantages through increased efficiency and productivity in production. TPS received much inspiration from the earlier reforms of Taylorism and Fordism from the rationalization movement. This through Taylor's ideas about standardization and Ford's running band principle. Toyota was also one of the first to design and apply the logistics theory’s Total Quality Management, Lean Production and Just-In-Time in its production system. Reforms used and well known in many companies, not least Scania and SPS. The report fulfilled its purpose through interviews and analysis of conceptual literature to find that there is a red thread within the company and that there is a clear link between SPS and previous reforms. In conclusion, we also managed to analyse and draw conclusions about how the SPS was designed, motivated and implemented. The design of SPS was achieved through close collaboration between Scania and Toyota wires, which enabled Scania to inspire and adapt the system to Scania's culture. The way in which SPS was motivated and implanted preceded a management process that Scania applied to within the organization. The solution came to be decisive for the future, leadership. A new way of thinking was applied throughout the business, which has proved to be successful.

  • Burman, Anders
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Lövheim, DanielRingarp, JohannaSödertörn University.
    Utbildningsvetenskap: Vittnesseminarium om ett vetenskapsområdes uppkomst, utveckling och samtida utmaningar2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom Vetenskapsrådet bildades 2001 Utbildningsvetenskapliga kommittén (UVK) med uppdrag att stödja högkvalitativ forskning med relevans för skolans och förskolans utveckling. I det svenska forskarsamhället är utbildningsvetenskap idag ett etablerat vetenskapsområde. Även om dess institutionella historia är påfallande kort är denna bakgrund viktig för att förstå dagens diskussioner om pedagogik och utbildningsvetenskap.

    Hösten 2017 anordnade Samtidshistoriska institutet tillsammans med ämnet idéhistoria ett vittnesseminarium om utbildningsvetenskap i allmänhet och UVK i synnerhet för att möjliggöra kunskapsbildning om områdets uppkomst och utveckling. Ambitionen var att rama in och belysa utbildningsvetenskapens framväxt, utveckling och nuvarande ställning, med en öppning mot vad detta vetenskapliga fält kan komma att vidareutvecklas till och bli i framtiden. Denna skrift utgörs av en transkriberad och lätt reviderad version av seminariet, där panelen bestod av Petter Aasen, Berit Askling, Elisabet Nihlfors och Tjia Torpe.

  • Bazgyr, Zine
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Är förskolan för alla?: En studie om pedagogernas inställning gentemot barn med fuktionsnedsättning/barn i behov av särskilt stöd i förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Preschool is an organization that aims to include and adapt to every child's different needs, conditions and abilities. The political vision of a "preschool for all" means that the activities should be adapted to the needs of every child, but despite this, there are still “special solutions” in preschools.

     

    This study aims to gain a broader understanding of pedagogue’s attitude towards children who are in need of special support or have a disability in preschool. Our survey is based on the pedagogue’s point of view, where we aim to find out how pedagogue’s view their proficiency and what opportunities there are to meet the children's different needs. Furthermore, we will investigate how pedagogues reason about their way of working when it comes to the inclusion of children in need of special support.

    Our study is mainly a qualitative method. We were interested in seeing how work, competence and reception could differ from a pre-primary preschool and a preschool that specialize in disability. With that reason in mind, six individual semi- structured interviews were conducted with six different people. Three of them were special needs teachers and worked at a specialized preschool with disabilities and three were pre-school teachers and worked at pre-primary preschools.

     

    The study shows a difference in approach between these two preschools. Large children's groups and staff density, among other things, causes work to deteriorate with children who have a disability or are in need of special support. We have also come to the conclusion that “a preschool for all” is not about being physically involved, but is about meeting their needs and being included. Finally, we were able to determine with our study that there is competence for working with children who have a disability or are in need of special support but that there are insufficient resources to meet children's different needs.

  • Ljung, Peter
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Baudelaire och den kreolska kvinnan: en postkolonial studie av Charles Baudelaires diktning och dess samspel med det moderna2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay concerns the portrayals of creole women in the poems of Charles Baudelaire and how these specific portrayals show connotations to the colonial project and the modernity in which Baudelaire himself lived and worked. By using a hermeneutic method of viewing and reading the poems and essay, written by Charles Baudelaire, through a postcolonial theoretical perspective. By doing this we wish to examine closely the portrayal of creole women in relation to postcolonial theories and its links to modernity as a sociocultural phenomenon. This essay also tries to show how these kinds of literary analyses can in fact be didactically relevant in educational work. In conclusion we can argue that Baudelaire was in fact heavily influenced by the colonial and modern projects of his time.

  • Andic, Eda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Englund, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    När fantasin om paradis ön möter verkligheten: En studie om de sociokulturella effekter av turismen på Mallorca2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine the socio-cultural impacts that tourists and locals in Mallorca are experiencing. We want to study the locals’ and tourists' perceptions and impact they have on each other. Qualitative interviews have been conducted for this thesis, in which two different interview forms were used. One interview form was used to interview locals and another for tourists, and a total of 11 people were interviewed. The study is based on theories that includes socio-cultural impacts, cultural shock, Doxey's irridex model and codes of conduct.

    The result of this study is that both locals and tourists had in general positive perceptions of the socio-cultural effects. The positive effects they experienced was cultural- and knowledge exchange, create networks with tourists from around the world and to have multicultural meetings. It was only locals who felt the negative socio-cultural effects of tourism, and these effects were that tourists litter the streets, drinks a lot of alcohol, creates high noise levels and that tourism affects the traditions and local language.

  • Gharib, Mirell
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Haron, Nardin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Utmaningen i att inte alltid kunna se hur ett barn mår: Skolkuratorers syn på psykisk ohälsa hos skolelever2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to, from the perspective of the school curators, increase understanding of the work of school workers to help young people between 12- 19 years suffering from some of mental illness. To analyze our material, we have used three theories: Aaron Anthonovsky about KASAM, Urie Bronfenbrenner theory about Developmental Ecology, and Robert Karaseks and Töres Theorells theory about Requirements- Control - Support. The study has been conducted with a qualitative method using six semi- structured interviews with six school counsellors. The serults we found in our study are that the school brings stress and concern to the young people/students. Home relationships and social media are also two factors that contribute to mental ill health among young people. Schools main focus is individual support talks for students, however, our results showed that due to lack of time they can not work as preventively as they like. The school counsellors diffculties with the work are to detect mental ill health among young people. 

  • Johansson, David
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Project Awaiting: #projectawaiting is about movement:of people with stories;stories in need of time; your time! initiated April 18, 2017 as part of a master's @ sh.se2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Wellsmo, Annika
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Det är barn överallt, precis överallt!: En essä om frånvarande pedagoger och kunskapens betydelse i förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My scientific essay takes its starting point in two self-perceived tales taken directly from my professional career in preschool. The dilemma is about absent teachers and their inability to handle large groups of children in demanding situations. I experience that the children are being affected negatively due to the actions of the educators, and my feelings of being unable to meet the children´s needs, torments me. I find that individual interpretations of the preschool's governing documents and the educator´s lack of knowledge, makes the children suffer, and educators are easily being perceived as absent. The purpose of my essay is to investigate the relevance of knowledge in dealing professionally with demanding situations within the preschool. I question the importance of knowledge in dealing with a big group of children in difficult circumstances, and how does the ethical approach of educators affect their action. Furthermore, I question whether it is possible for the preschool teacher to use her leadership skills to prevent conflict in the  working environment when some educators are being unable to deliver.

    I have adopted the method of essay writing in my research. This has given me the opportunity to reflect on my practical experience as well as the possibility to interpret the problem from other’s perspective. With the help of theories relating to practical knowledge, power, leadership, and ethics, I have viewed my dilemma from different angles in order to bring new perspectives on the problem. By engaging in discussions with the literature it has been revealed that difficulties may arise between preschool teachers and general educators due to differences in education, skills and the overall assignment. By reflecting over my dilemma, I also come to the conclusion that the working team needs competent teachers with practical experience. I also conclude that there should be at least one educated preschool teacher in order to meet the needs of the children in the department, based on the instructions from the management and the school.

  • Hansson Grönroos, Tove
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art.
    Creating Urbanity – Destroying Cultures: Relationships Between Public and Private in Kathputli Colony, New Delhi2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through the story of Kathputli Colony, thiss essay; Creating Urbanity – Destroying Cultures, Relationships Between Public and Private in Kathputli Colony, New Delhi, India, discusses various degrees of public and private in urban architecture. It compares the architecture of the former Kathputli Colony with the new architecture proposed for the site.

    Striving to become a “world class city”, Delhi has, through the Master Plan 2021, decided to raze all informal settlements and replace them with high-rises. Kathputli Colony was such an informal settlement; an urban environment built up by an architecture that responded to the needs and economic means of its inhabitants. Its design was the result of network connections and personal relationships merging public and private life.

    The essay concludes that Kathputli Colony consisted of a heterogeneous architecture, that had more in common with pre-industrial urbanism and village-architecture, than with the modernist architecture of the high-rises with its clear separation between public and private, work and leisure.

  • Leijon, Alma
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Nanjobe, Diana
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Diskriminering på grund av etnisk härkomst i den svenska förskolan: en studie om förskolans styrdokument samt förskollärares egna perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to highlight the connection between what is stated within some of the regulatory documents that Swedish preschools are abided to follow, and how some preschool teachers choose to both interpret and work with them when working with discrimination based on ethnic background.

    The study is divided into two different themes, with the intention to first compare the content of several regulatory documents to detect what they say about the responsibilities of Swedish preschools when it comes to their work with discrimination based on ethnic background/racism. The second theme is based on qualitive interviews with four preschool teachers, with the intention to detect how the teachers relate and think about the given subject. We also aim to highlight differences and similarities between the regulatory documents and the thoughts and actual actions of the preschool teachers.

    Previous research shows that the common problem in interrupting discrimination based on ethnic background is that preschool teachers avoid bringing up the subject with their children. Mainly because preschool teachers feel they lack the tools and knowledge on how to teach children on the given subject. The consequence of their non-action is that instead of interrupting discrimination based on ethnic background, they contribute to its continuation.

    Our conclusion is that despite the good intensions that are expressed in most of the regulatory documents, not many preschool teachers have the practical knowledge on how to translate the words into action. 

  • Sultan, Hazar
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.
    Att bära historien i sin kropp: Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome i Toni Morrisons roman The Bluest Eye2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To Carry History in One’s Body – Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome in Toni Morrison’s Novel The Bluest Eye.

    The world in which we live in is dominated by ideology. This essay will explore the ideology of racism and investigates how it operated during and after the slave trade in the USA. The main focus is how the racist ideology has affected the black community in the USA during the first decades of the twentieth century. When the traumatic events of the slave trade ended the black community never got the chance to heal from the several hundred years long trauma. Toni Morrison’s novel The Bluest Eye depicts a community in pain due to the racist society that surrounds them. It is set in a time after the First World War when black families aimed to establish a stable life but were hindered due to various reasons. Therefore, this essay uses Joy DeGruy’s thoughts on the matter of trauma in the black community in the USA. By using her book Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome: America’s Legacy Of Enduring Injury and Healing along with Frantz Fanon’s iconic text Black Skin, White Masks this essay investigates how the legacy of slavery has affected the black community after the slave trade. This essay looks into the following behavioral patterns, formulated by DeGruy: Vacant Esteem, Ever Present Anger and Racist Socialization.

  • Rössler Gausel, Angelica
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Vem bestämmer det då?: En studie om barns perspektiv på deras egna delaktighet och inflytande2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Says who? The child's perspective on the pedagogue and the preschool

    The main purpose of this study is to investigate the child's perspective of the pedagogue in preschool and their own possibilities to participate on their own terms and have a real influence on the daily activities. The questions that I have used in order to help me answering the main purpose have been:

    • What is the role of the teacher in preschool based on the child's perspective?

    • How do the children view the influence and participation they have in preschool?

    • When and about what does the adults versus children decides in preschool, according to the child?

    To be able to study the child's perspective on this matter have I been observing and interviewing six children at the age of five years old in a preschool. I have used a hermeneutic research approach in order to interpret the results.

    The main result of this study is that from a child's perspective, their possibilities for participation and having a real influence are relatively limited. The limitation is depending on the social standards that is influencing the preschool. The child's perspective on the pedagogue is that it should be a kind, fun and caring person.

  • Angelöv, Auguste
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.
    Att leka life? - en undersökning av makt, lekt och berättande i tv-spel2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a paper concerning storytelling in video games. It’s based on the assumption that power gives people the possibility to tell stories. We will have a look at what that means when in contact in video games, as the interaction between player and story world may result in creation of a story. Aim will be taken at three categories: agency, power and communication. Communication is of great importance in video games, as one of very few mediums that allows agency and communication within the actual story world. One can look at it as agency being the possibility to demonstrate power, whilst power is through which means the player can express their agency. This will be analysed through different parts of what constitutes a video game, such as rules, characters, space and game world.

  • Karlsson, Jennifer
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Ekofeministiska indikationer i biståndsarbetet i Afrika söder om Sahara2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Often women are affected to a greater extent by the lack of access to water andsanitation, both physically and mentally, than men. In these situations the poor areparticularly vulnerable. The fact that women get more affected is due to powerrelationship in the society. To address the issues of female oppression, these powerrelationship and structures needs to apparent. Since access to clean water andsanitation is a human right, it is therefore an international concern. This study aims toexamining international power structures that affect the access of water and sanitationfor poor women in sub-Saharan Africa. Ecofeminism combines feminist positions andenvironmental concerns. Therefore, this study will investigate which opinion line ofthe theory ecofeminism is the most prominent and what this can mean for the womenin Sub-Saharan Africa.

    The analysis method used in this study consisted a combination of text andcontent analysis on five gender equality documents published by the Swedishassistance authority (SIDA). This will allow the study to examine how ecofeministopinion lines emerge in the documents. The study shows that dualism, hierarchy anddominance logic occur in all countries and that the second ecofeminist wave is themost common, but this is not a clear answer, the result indicates that the opinion linesalso occur in combination.

  • Rozmus, Joanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Naaom, Rita
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Digitalisering och kundlojalitet inom banksektorn2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization in the banking sector has evolved steadily in recent years. The major changesthat have taken place in the banking sector have led consumers to carry out their bank affairs atany time of the day without having to visit a bank office. The digital tools represented mainlyby the Internet Bank, Telephone Bank, Mobile BankID and Swish, have made it easier forconsumers to handle their banking transactions in a smooth and easy way, which has left theirmark on the market in which banks operate. A large part of the bank offices in StockholmCounty are ceased as physical contact is reduced. The big banks SEB, Swedbank,Handelsbanken and Nordea have a very big challenge now to create customer loyalty withconsumers as the customer contact disappears. This makes it even harder for major banks toconnect with new consumers.

    The purpose of this study is to illustrate how an increased digitalization of services affectscustomer loyalty to the banks in the Swedish market. The essay provides an overview ofselected marketing theories and relevant concepts regarding the bank's digitization and itsimpact on customer loyalty. Thereafter, the choice of method and the motivation behind theselection are presented. In the empirical part, survey data are presented with the accompanyinganalysis of the collected data. The study concludes with a summary discussion of results andafterwards the conclusion is presented.

  • Hofmann, Bjørn
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway / University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    How medical technologies shape the experience of illness2018In: Life, ISSN 2195-7819, E-ISSN 2195-7819, Vol. 14, no 1, article id 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we explore how diagnostic and therapeutic technologies shape the lived experiences of illness for patients. By analysing a wide range of examples, we identify six ways that technology can (trans)form the experience of illness (and health). First, technology may create awareness of disease by revealing asymptomatic signs or markers (imaging techniques, blood tests). Second, the technology can reveal risk factors for developing diseases (e.g., high blood pressure or genetic tests that reveal risks of falling ill in the future). Third, the technology can affect and change an already present illness experience (e.g., the way blood sugar measurement affects the perceived symptoms of diabetes). Fourth, therapeutic technologies may redefine our experiences of a certain condition as diseased rather than unfortunate (e.g. assisted reproductive technologies or symptom based diagnoses in psychiatry). Fifth, technology influences illness experiences through altering social-cultural norms and values regarding various diagnoses. Sixth, technology influences and changes our experiences of being healthy in contrast and relation to being diseased and ill. This typology of how technology forms illness and related conditions calls for reflection regarding the phenomenology of technology and health. How are medical technologies and their outcomes perceived and understood by patients? The phenomenological way of approaching illness as a lived, bodily being-in-the-world is an important approach for better understanding and evaluating the effects that medical technologies may have on our health, not only in defining, diagnosing, or treating diseases, but also in making us feel more vulnerable and less healthy in different regards.

  • Carlsson, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Framgångsrik UI-design inom e-handel: En jämförelse mellan två B2C e-handelssidor utifrån ett UI-perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how successful B2C e-commerce companies and UI-design are interconnected. The survey has its starting point in which elements and features of an e- commerce page that users consider relevant. Relevant meaning that it is important for users to think that e-commerce is professional and visually appealing, to make users stay on the page and hopefully become paying customers.

    The study was conducted alongside six respondents and it compares two e-commerce pages. The two e-commerce pages have been selected based on the fact that one of them meets the criteria formulated, in the form of a basic assumption, and the other because it does not meet these criteria. The moments and methods of interview, interaction recording, retrospective think-aloud and questionnaire are included in the study and act as data collection. The result of this data collection is then set against the theoretical explanatory models presented in the report. The result shows clear results about which elements and functions are considered relevant and along with the theoretical explanatory models, the result shows an advantage for the e-commerce that meets the criteria. The results presented are analyzed and discussed to conclude a conclusion. In conclusion, the results of the study are based on the original research question and provide suggestions for further research. 

  • Carlsson, Susanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Frölén, Caroline
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Så designade Lean management en modern vårdmiljö: En studie om användandet av Lean management principer i utformningen av en modern vårdmiljö på Capio Sankt Görans sjukhus2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Lean management är en administrativ reform som gör anspråk på att ständigt förbättra och effektivisera för att förbättra kvalité inom flera sektorer, varav en är sjukvården. Ett sjukhus som arbetar med Lean Management för att förbättra sin vård är S:t Görans sjukhus. Vid design och utformning av ombyggnationerna inom Sjukhuset har Lean används. Det finns väldigt lite forskning utfört om Lean och design inom vården

    Syfte: Studiens syfte är att studera Capio S:t Görans sjukhus arbete med Lean management och om det organisatoriska arbetet har influerat designen samt utformningen av sjukhusets nya vårdlokaler.

    Metod: Kvalitativ ansats med ett bekvämlighetsurval har använtsför att utföra studien. Observationer och intervjuer gjordes på S:t Görans sjukhus akutmottagning och Medicincentrum.

    Empiri och Analys: Intervjun och analysen presenteras i fem olika teman utifrån observationen som gjordes och intervjuerna. Empirin har bearbetats genom en innehållsanalys och analyserats med den teoretiska referensramen. Studien visar på att Lean management har influerat utformningen av de nya lokalerna. Främst kan det ses i undersökningsrum och hur patientens väg genom mottagningen ser ut. Det går även att se att inställningen till hur en sjukhusmiljö skall se ut är svår att bortse ifrån vid design och utformning av nya sjukhusmiljöer.

    Slutsats: Lean management principer kan uppfattas i de nya lokalerna. S:t Görans sjukhus kan anses ha lyckats med att utforma sina nya vårdmottagningar med hjälp av det redan förankrade arbetssättet.

    Avslutande kommentarer: I avslutande kommentarer diskuteras analysen och slutsatser, men även metodval och slutligen lyfts det fram vikten om mer forskning inom detta område.

  • Jerkner Kjellman, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Kan språket ha betydelse för en könsmässigt jämställd arbetsmarknad?: En studie om kommunalt och agentiskt språkbruk vid rekrytering2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har en segregerad arbetsmarknad och det finns en skillnad i vilka yrken män och kvinnor väljer att arbeta inom. Språket kan vara en källa till detta och kommunala och agentiska adjektiv har visat sig finnas i jobbannonser. Föreliggande studie undersökte betydelsen av språkbruk i organisationsbeskrivningar, mer specifikt om kvinnor och män bedömer organisationsbeskrivningar olika beroende på om de läst en agentisk eller kommunal organisationsbeskrivning. De beroende variabler som testades var organisationens attraktivitet, känsla av samhörighet, upplevd jämställdhet, liksom skattning av andelen kvinnor och män inom organisationen. 138 deltagare deltog i studien, varav 75 definierade sig med pronomen hon och 63 definierade sig med pronomen han. Deltagarna deltog genom att besvara och fullfölja en internetbaserad enkät. Signifikanta resultat uppstod och ett av huvudfynden visade att kommunala texter aktiverade högre samhörighet, men det gällde för både män och kvinnor. Ett annat huvudfynd var att män upplevde större jämställdhet, i både den kommunala och agentiska organisationsbeskrivningen, än vad kvinnor gjorde. Resultaten i sin helhet visade att kvinnor och män till viss del skattar texter olika och att språkbruk kan få konsekvenser för hur organisationen upplevs. Framtida studier bör fokusera på språket ur ett intersektionellt perspektiv, detta så att fler individer inkluderas i jämställdhetsarbetet. 

  • Eddestål, Mathilda
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Vad säger hembrevet?: En kritisk diskursanalys av tre förskolors hembrev2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the curriculum, the preschool should have a cooperation with the legal guardians in the same way the preschool has an equality assignment. With the starting point that written communication has the potential to reach all legal guardians, this study is focusing on school letters. The purpose of this study is to investigate the ideological consequences that is produced through the letters and how these relates to the overall national assignment.

    The collected letters are analyzed through Fairclough’s three-dimensional model, which investigates the discourses of the text and later their relation to the social practice. The social practice also includes the intercultural theory in the analysis of the school letters importance for cooperation.

    The result shows multiple examples of how the preschool produces multiple discourses; the traditional compensational position is dominating, which imply a cooperation for a monocultural group of legal guardians. The result also shows a complementary view which imply cooperation for a multicultural group of legal guardians.

    The study also show that it is solely the languages the educators represents that determine which legal guardian has the possibility to receive school letters. A conclusion is that the educators in preschools should take the equality assignment into consideration with the cooperation.

  • Ahlström, Sofia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Hansson, Sofie
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Teknik och design som motstrategi till sexuella trakasserier online: En kvalitativ studie av erfarenheter och lösningar på sexuella trakasserier online utifrån ett användarperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digital platforms such as social media are big part of people's everyday life and social network. Recent studies shows that the ability to act anonymously on social media has increased harassment behaviors online. For marginalized groups, digital platforms are important for the act of freedom of speech and harassments online can limit these groups in the digital environment. Within the framework of this study we found, that there is a lack of studies that specifically research sexual harassments online and what different factors that may have an impact on the problem. Therefore, the aim for this study was to research what values, attitudes and emotions users of social media services experiences online. We wanted to research, from a user perspective, what existing counter-strategies options are provided on social media against sexual harassments online, and if there are other technical design solutions for social media interfaces. Within the framework of this essay we have conducted a focus group interview and a participatory design workshop. The empirical data that was collected has been analysed with different theories such as power, resistance, empowerment in design, master suppression techniques in social media, feminist HCI and social norms and participatory design. The study also use previous research on harassment on social media to further understand the empirical data for the analysis. In this study there are findings from the focus group that has been placed in three different themes. 1) The importance of social relationships for counter-strategies against sexual harassment online. 2) Social norms and normalization of sexual harassment online. 3) The importance of technical aspects for dealing with sexual harassment online. Our study shows that the counter-strategies options on social media services today are not sufficient enough for these different aspects. The participatory design workshop in this study resulted in eight possible technical design solutions. These solutions can be implications for design on social media interfaces and can work as counter-strategy tools against sexual harassments online. This study only research one focus group, therefore the study can be used as a basis for further research. By including users with participatory design methods, values made from users of social media in relation to sexual harassments online can unfold and hopefully decrease the problem.

  • Bengtsson, Ellen
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Hoff, Isabelle
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Digitalisering av brädspel: Hur automation av spelmekanik kan förändra sociala interaktioner vid spelande2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Enjoyment and social interaction are closely connected, and board games can be synonymous with both of these things. Board games and digital versions of those games are often used in parallel, which offers a unique position of inquiry. Automation is a tool commonly used in the creation of digital board games, but how does it affect the sociality and how does it differ from physical board games? This is the question that this paper explores through an observational study of the game Ticket to Ride, both in its original, physical form as well as its digital counterpart. Two groups of players were recorded while playing both versions of the game in a different order. Throughout the observation of these game sessions, seven different game mechanics have been used as the lens to determine how the difference in social interaction is connected to the game itself. These game mechanics were turn-taking (time), game surface (space), object (state), actions (strategy), rules (automation), bookkeeping and chance, but social interactions unrelated to the game were also examined. Two of the seven game mechanics turned out to have the most effect on social interaction in the different versions of the game; rules and turn-taking. These two mechanics were important to the learning of the game and for maintaining focus throughout the game.

  • Almgren, Olivia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Hoang, Kit Yan
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Medvetenhet kring informationssäkerhet på internet: En kvantitativ jämförelse mellan Sverige och Israel2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing amount of information on the internet entails an increasing need for privacy protection. Information security is becoming a vital part of everyday lives due to digitization. There has been relatively little research on information security awareness, especially from a cultural, age- and knowledge perspective. This study aims to examine and to gain knowledge about information security awareness of users and their view of privacy online. By replicating the method of an israeli research paper by Halperin and Dror (2016), a comparison between Israel and Sweden is possible. Data were collected through surveys and the results show differences and similarities between Sweden and Israel. In particular when looking at age and knowledge. 

  • Ingren-Ahlman, Sarah
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.
    "The air smelt queer": En queerteoretisk närläsning av Sarah Waters Fingersmith2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fingersmith is a historical novel with a clear, non-heteronormative agenda. It was published in 2002 by Sarah Waters, and it challenges the way the Victorian era viewed and oppressed non-heteronormative sexuality. The characters Susan Trinder and Maud Lilly, is exposed to both imprisonment, violence and abuse as a kind of collective punishment of “the mad woman”.

    The primary goal of this queer analysis is to see how ‘multisexual’ expressions can be traced in the roman, often conveyed through neo-Victorian symbols and the function of the colour ’red/crimson’. It also discusses how the neo-Victorian symbols (especially the important function of Maud’s white gloves) works as both a way of turning women mad and keeping them sane in a world determined to ’cure’ sexuality that differs from its heteronormative structure.

  • Keiriö Östlin, Elinor
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Kvarnström, Malin
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Förskolläraryrket: ett uppdrag, flera föreställningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to get hold on the different perceptions preschool teachers have about their own profession. We have noticed that there are many studies about the profession of preschool teachers according to scientists and students who study to be preschool teachers, but there are not so many studies where the preschool teachers themselves give their point of view. To get a grip of the preschool teachers perceptions we use a phenomenographic perspective as point of departure. The empirical material consists of qualitive interviews with seven preschool teachers. The results of the study show that the preschool teachers view their profession in very different ways. We have categorized these perceptions into three main categories and nine subcategories:

    Leadership, responsibility, communication and power

    Child focus, presence, teaching and security

    Competence, development, work experience and knowledge of theory 

  • Allert, Hannah
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Lund, Anne-Merethe
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Förskolebarns möjlighet till fysisk aktivitet inomhus: En kvalitativ studie om förskolepedagogers uppfattningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish children are growing up in an increasingly physically inactive society, even though research shows the positive effects of physical activity (Wikland 2013, p. 40). Children spends most of their days in preschools, which means a great responsibility for preschools and its teachers as they affect children's opportunities for physical activity. The purpose of the study is to examine how preschool teachers perceive the work with children's physical activity indoors. In our study, we have assumed phenomenography, whose purpose is to describe people's different perceptions of phenomena (Alexandersson 1994, p. 112). To collect empirical data, we have conducted interviews with six teachers at three different preschools.

    This study results and analysis showed that there are different perceptions of the teachers about the work with the children's physical activity indoors. The study showed that all teachers perceived that physical activity is important for children, but they expressed different views about the work on this. The overall perceptions were that they planned and enabled the movement activities indoors with different purposes or that they worked with physical activity when the children expressed a need for this. Another view was that children should not be physically active indoors, because this was something they could vent outdoors. The teachers perceived that there were several factors that influenced their work including knowledge, facilities, furnishings, noise, their own and colleagues' approach and preschool educational focus. 

  • Axelsdottir, Frida
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "Det är min kropp och jag säger faktiskt stopp!": En kvalitativ studie om pedagogers beskrivning av sitt arbete och betydelse med barns integritet2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to examine how pre-school educators relate to the work on children’s integrity and how educators describe their didactic work on the integrity of children in pre-school. The purpose of the study is to get a better understanding of how educators teach children integrity in pre-school.

    Through interviews with educators who work actively with the children in preschool, it showed how the educators described their work with children's integrity. The result showed that the educators work to teach children the integrity but in different ways. Educators are aware that children need to learn integrity but the knowledge about how to teach the children integrity is not there yet. 

    With good communication and interaction with the children, educators can show the children how to show respect towards themselves and each other and how to be a good friend in pre-school.

    With this study, the idea is to contribute knowledge and awareness about how teachers in pre-school can work with children´s integrity and for the children to learn to respect their body and other bodies.

     

  • Bernövall, Oskar
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Entreprenörernas gymnasieskola: En kritisk diskursanalys av värdeord i gymnasieskolors informationstexter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att se hur två diskurser, marknadsdiskurs och skoldiskurs, konstrueras i gymnasieskolors informationstexter. Dels genom värderingar, dels genom hur eleverna framställs. Texterna är tagna från skolornas hemsidor. Jag undersöker totalt fem skoltexter samt en text från Skolverket som belyser skolan som institutions värderingar. Undersökningen utgår från Norman Faircloughs kritiska diskursanalys samt textanalys, bland annat den systemisk-funktionella grammatiken (SFG).

    Uppsatsen är språkvetenskaplig och utgår från det textuella. Jag utgår i min analys främst från värdeord, eller buzz words, där jag belyser positivt värderade ord i texterna. Jag utgår även från en analys av fraser samt den interpersonella analysens språkhandlingar och modalitet.

    Analysresultatet visar att skolornas texter präglas av en marknadsdiskurs där värdeord som ”entreprenör” och ”företag” ofta förekommer. Ett tydligt resultat är hur ord som realiserar en marknadsdiskurs betydligt oftare värderas som positiva i sig själva än ord som realiserar en skoldiskurs. Det är även tydligt att de värderingar som framkommer i skolornas texter inte återfinns i Skolverkets text. De elever som framträder i skolornas texter är oftast ambitiösa, drivna och självgående. Även om det finns vissa undantag.

    Uppsatsens resultat kan på ett större plan kopplas till en allmän samhällsförändring där ett marknadsspråk tar större plats inom den offentliga sektorn. För gymnasieskolorna innebär det att det målas upp en bild av en skola som finns till för elever som är högpresterande och intresserade av entreprenörskap och företagande. 

  • Brask, Emma
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Kunniga kvinnor och mjuka män: en socialsemiotisk studie om vem som givs plats på tidningen QX omslag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study seeks to find answers to whom, in terms of which gender group, is given space on the QX magazine cover. Primarily with focus on text elements, secondarily the visual aspects. The study is created in the traces of gender researcher Yvonne Hirdman's theories concerning the male dominance that is generally found in society, and which gives women a lower social status. Hirdman points out that this inequality is being created and recreated, as well as Embretsén and Palmberg's study "A Monochrome Rainbow" presents an underrepresentation of women in QX magazine. The research material consists of 36 covers from the QX magazine, published between 2015 and 2017. The study is based on systemic-functional linguistics, discourse analysis and a multimodal analysis to cover both the ideational meanings of the texts as well as how messages are presented visually. The result shows an even frequency of gender distribution, but an uneven design in which QX turns on stereotypes of female and male, which is based on a ruling male point of view.

  • Johansson, Johanna
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Collaborative governance for sustainable forestry in the emerging bio-based economy in Europe2018In: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, ISSN 1877-3435, E-ISSN 1877-3443, Vol. 32, p. 9-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, a common theme in social science research, natural resource policies and practical management has been the increasing emphasis on partnerships and other forms of collaborative efforts as effective means to reach tangible and sustainable outcomes. Another significant trend is the increasing focus on the role of the forestry sector in managing the challenges of climate change, and the push towards a bio-based, low-carbon economy is at the epicenter of the public debate in several EU countries. Drawing on research on collaborative processes as well as research on policy design, this paper reviews the current trend to rely increasingly on collaborative efforts to improve sustainability, using forest governance in northern Europe as an illustrative case. It pays particular attention to efforts to balance concerned stakeholders through National Forest Programmes (NFPs), and considers these efforts in an international context. It concludes by elaborating on future research directions and policy recommendations that are critical to achieve intended outcomes in forest governance systems characterized by state-initiated collaborative processes as well as various forms of voluntary initiatives.

  • Román, Sara
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Wiorek, Sandra
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Att googla sig fram i förskoledjungeln: En kritisk diskursanalys av tio förskolors hemsidor2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to discern the discoursive practices of ten preschools in Stockholm through a critical discourse analysis of their websites. This reveals how the preschools construct their identity within the discourse of preschool, and whether they reproduce or challenge that discourse. The preschools were chosen by the results of a specific question regarding user recommendations in the user survey that Stockholms Stad sends to all parents with children in their care every year. Five preschools with top results and five at the bottom were chosen to make it possible to analyse any effects on how the preschools portray themselves related to the difference in survey results.

    The method is critical discourse analysis as Fairclough has described it. The theory of social constructivism is the underlying framework for how we understand discourse. In analysing the web sites several themes of discoursive practices emerged. Five of those were recurring, namely parents, workplace and child view/quality management, environment and finally co-workers.

    To understand the position of the preschools within the discourse we have tried to show how the dominant discourse looks today, starting with the texts that regulate preschools in Sweden, the curriculum for preschool and the School Law. Other discussions on the discourse such as newspaper articles and previous research bring further clarity to how it can be understood.

    We have found that very little can be said about a specific preschool by reading its website. The discourse of preschool as a whole is manifested in every website, and thus reproduced. There were very few examples of practices that challenged the dominant discourse. Because of the similarity of the portrayed practices and the lack of measurable factors very little can be said about the quality of any specific preschool by using its own presentation. This is in accordance with earlier research on school marketing and websites.

  • Raymond, Christopher
    et al.
    Gulsrud, Natalie
    Rodela, Romina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Randrup, Thomas
    Hegelund, Signe
    Rethinking urban nature to promote human well-being and livelihoods2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    On the 25th January, 25 researchers, social entrepreneurs and policy makers attended a MOVIUM and SLU Urban Futures funded workshop on “Rethinking urban nature to promote human well-being and livelihoods”.  The objectives of the workshop were to identify and discuss integrated digital, social and nature solutions for the use, management and governance of urban nature in the City of Malmö; and to provide a platform for knowledge sharing and networking between researchers and practitioners.

    Multiple enlightening presentations on how to plan, design and manage urban nature were provided by the cities of Malmö and Copenhagen, social entrepreneurs and academics. Each presentation guided a creative workshop activity that involved four groups creating an integrated solution using Lego and other materials to address the concerns of citizens presented in different scenarios relevant to the use and management of urban nature in Malmö.  Each group was asked to present their presentation to the wider group, what inspired them the most from the workshop activity and how their understanding of integrated solutions in urban nature changed over the day. This report presents a summary of each group’s creations and findings.